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Study sets matching "bacteria chapter 10"

100 terms
Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
bacteria
disease
decomposer organism
know this sentence
a microscopic organism that is a unicellular prokaryotic orga…
any change (except for ones caused by injuries) that affects…
organisms that produce enzymes that breakdown proteins, starc…
bacteria is the primary decomposer organism
bacteria
a microscopic organism that is a unicellular prokaryotic orga…
disease
any change (except for ones caused by injuries) that affects…
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod-shaped
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
22 terms
CHAPTER 10 (BACTERIA)
lysis
injection which triggers an immune res…
asexual reproduction of bacteria
disease causing substance
to brust
vaccine
binary fission
pathogen
lysis
to brust
injection which triggers an immune res…
vaccine
35 terms
Chapter 10 bacteria
Archaebacteria eubacteria
Prokaryotic
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Two kingdoms
Both kingdoms are __________
No nucleus and their genetic material is not depressed from t…
Have nuclei and their genetic material is separated from the…
Archaebacteria eubacteria
Two kingdoms
Prokaryotic
Both kingdoms are __________
13 terms
Chapter 10 Bacteria Flashcards
spirillum volutans
haloquadratum walsbyi
streptococcus pneumoniae
streptobacillus moniliformis
spiral shape (purple)
cube shape (green)
a chain of spheres
a chain of rods
spirillum volutans
spiral shape (purple)
haloquadratum walsbyi
cube shape (green)
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod-shaped
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
14 terms
Bacteria (Chapter 10)
Bacterial Shapes
Plasma Membrane
Cell Wall
Capsule
Cocci - Round... Bacilli - Rod... Spirochete - Twisted Chain
Membrane enclosing cytoplasm
Provides physical protection and prevents the cell from burst…
Sticky layer of polysaccharide or protein... ->can shield from h…
Bacterial Shapes
Cocci - Round... Bacilli - Rod... Spirochete - Twisted Chain
Plasma Membrane
Membrane enclosing cytoplasm
8 terms
Chapter 10 Bacteria
Bacteria
T.B
Legionellios
Diptheria
Diseases. Treat with antibiotics
Found in the lungs symptoms include fatigue,fever,night sweat…
Caused my gram negative, spread through droplets that contain…
Severe throat infection and fever,
Bacteria
Diseases. Treat with antibiotics
T.B
Found in the lungs symptoms include fatigue,fever,night sweat…
21 terms
Chapter 10: Genetics of Bacteria & Archaea
Selectable mutations
Nonselectable mutations
Screening
Mutations
give the mutant a growth advantage under certain conditions
-usualy have neither an advantage or disadvantage... -detection…
-More tedious than selection... -replica platin: isolate auxotro…
Missense: faulty protein... Nonsense: incomplete protein... Silent:…
Selectable mutations
give the mutant a growth advantage under certain conditions
Nonselectable mutations
-usualy have neither an advantage or disadvantage... -detection…
20 terms
Chapter 10: Bacteria
Define Taxonomy
Origin of the Species
Taxa
What does the hierarchy of taxa show?
-Law and order in Greek.... -Classifies living organisms and es…
Written by Charles Darwin.... Explains that the many similariti…
Groups of organisms - natural selection.
The evolutionary - phylogenetic - relationships.
Define Taxonomy
-Law and order in Greek.... -Classifies living organisms and es…
Origin of the Species
Written by Charles Darwin.... Explains that the many similariti…
71 terms
Chapter 10: Bacteria
Where are Spirochetes found?
What are spirochetes shape and motility?
Do spirochetes have flagella or endosp…
What pathogenic bacteria does spiroche…
found in contaminated water, sewage, soil and animals
usually coiled, helical and actively motile
do not contain, flagella or endospores
Treponema pallium, Borrelia
Where are Spirochetes found?
found in contaminated water, sewage, soil and animals
What are spirochetes shape and motility?
usually coiled, helical and actively motile
71 terms
Chapter 10: Bacteria
Where are Spirochetes found?
What are spirochetes shape and motility?
Do spirochetes have flagella or endosp…
What pathogenic bacteria does spiroche…
found in contaminated water, sewage, soil and animals
usually coiled, helical and actively motile
do not contain, flagella or endospores
Treponema pallium, Borrelia
Where are Spirochetes found?
found in contaminated water, sewage, soil and animals
What are spirochetes shape and motility?
usually coiled, helical and actively motile
105 terms
Chapter 10: Genetics of Bacteria and Archea
Mutation
Phenotype
Mutant
Genotype
heritable change in DNA sequence that can lead to a change in…
observable properties of an organism
A strain of any cell or virus differing from parental strain…
nucleotide sequence of genome
Mutation
heritable change in DNA sequence that can lead to a change in…
Phenotype
observable properties of an organism
Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
Microbiology
Bacteria
Pathogenic
Decomposer
the study of microscopic organisms
all prokaryotic - lack nucleus
disease causing (minimal)
(most) breaking down of substances
Microbiology
the study of microscopic organisms
Bacteria
all prokaryotic - lack nucleus
8 terms
Chapter 10 Viruses and Bacteria
prokaryote
binary fission
endospore
bioremedation
an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
a form of asexual reproduction in singled-celled organism by…
a thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
the biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organisms
prokaryote
an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in singled-celled organism by…
33 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 ~Bacteria~
Microbiologist
Pathogenic
Decomposer organism
Prokaryotic
Someone who studies microscopic organisms.
Disease causing.
An organism that produces enzymes capable of breaking down pr…
Organism that does not have a true nucleus or membrane-bound…
Microbiologist
Someone who studies microscopic organisms.
Pathogenic
Disease causing.
27 terms
Chapter 10 Bacteria and Archaea
Prokaryotic
They are grouped by their need of oxygen
There are 3 groups and they are obliga…
Define Obligate Anaerobe
Are bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
How are prokaryotes grouped?
How many types of prokaryotes are there? What are they?
A prokaryote that is poisoned by oxygen. ex: archaea that pro…
Prokaryotic
Are bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
They are grouped by their need of oxygen
How are prokaryotes grouped?
13 terms
Chapter 10- Bacteria and Viruses
Virus
Common Cold
Influenza
AIDS
A very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
More than 100 different viruses cause this. Travels on dust a…
Caused by several different viruses that infect the nose, thr…
A disease that breaks down your immune system. Caused by viru…
Virus
A very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
Common Cold
More than 100 different viruses cause this. Travels on dust a…
8 terms
Chapter 10- Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryote
binary fission
endospore
bioremediation
an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
a thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
the biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organis…
prokaryote
an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
29 terms
Chapter 10 bacteria and viruses
virus
DNA
RNA
host
a very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
deoxyribonuclei acid
ribonucleic acid
a living thing that another organism lives in or on
virus
a very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
DNA
deoxyribonuclei acid
25 terms
Chapter 10 Bacteria and Viruses
Macrophages
Antibodies
Human Blood
Immune System
the clean up crew
special molecules produced by the body to destroy foreign sub…
red blood cells, white blood cells, and blood platelets
look for and destroy all foreign invaders
Macrophages
the clean up crew
Antibodies
special molecules produced by the body to destroy foreign sub…
8 terms
Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryote
binary fission
endospore
bioremediation
an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
a thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
the biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organisms
prokaryote
an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
79 terms
Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
Bacterium
Disease
Decomposer organism
Thermoacidophiles
Singular form of "bacteria"
Any change in that affects an organism's normal function, oth…
An organism which produces enzymes to break down organic mate…
Archaebateria that live in highly acidic soil, hot springs, o…
Bacterium
Singular form of "bacteria"
Disease
Any change in that affects an organism's normal function, oth…
8 terms
Bacteria and Viruses-chapter 10
Prokaryote
Binary fission
Endospore
Bioremediation
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
A form of asexual reproduction Ina single-celled organisms by…
A thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
A biological treatment of hazardous waste your living organism
Prokaryote
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction Ina single-celled organisms by…
48 terms
Chapter 10 Viruses and Bacteria
Bacteria
Lytic
Nitrogen Fixation
decomposition
single celled organisms (has to groups)
A Cycle of viruses
The process in which nitrogen is changed so that it may be us…
Breaking down organisms
Bacteria
single celled organisms (has to groups)
Lytic
A Cycle of viruses
30 terms
Chapter 10 bacteria and viruses
Virus
Host
DNA
RNA
A very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
A living thing that another organism lives in or on example p…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
Virus
A very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
Host
A living thing that another organism lives in or on example p…
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 10 Bacteria & Viruses
prokaryote
spirilla
binary fission
endospore
an single-celled organism with no nucleus
long, spiral-shaped bacteria
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
a thick, protective coat containing a bacterium's genetic mat…
prokaryote
an single-celled organism with no nucleus
spirilla
long, spiral-shaped bacteria
Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
Virus
Wendell Stanley
Classification of Viruses
The release of phages
•Non-living particle... •Nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a…
Discovered viruses in 1993 through tobacco (Tobacco Mosaic Vi…
1. By genome... •RNA (retrovirus) or DNA... 2. By what the virus m…
What does the Lytic cycle results in?
Virus
•Non-living particle... •Nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a…
Wendell Stanley
Discovered viruses in 1993 through tobacco (Tobacco Mosaic Vi…
23 terms
Life Science Chapter 10 Bacteria & Viruses
prokaryote
bacilli
cocci
spirilla
an single-celled organism with no nucleus
rod-shaped bacteria
spherical-shaped bacteria
long, spiral-shaped bacteria
prokaryote
an single-celled organism with no nucleus
bacilli
rod-shaped bacteria
21 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
Archaebacteria... Eubacteria
Prokaryotic
Binary Fission
Steps of Binary Fission
What are the two kingdoms?
Each cell has no nucleus... Can move, reproduce, and use cellula…
What is the asexual reproduction of bacteria?
1. Cell grows larger, as does membrane... 2. DNA replicates and…
Archaebacteria... Eubacteria
What are the two kingdoms?
Prokaryotic
Each cell has no nucleus... Can move, reproduce, and use cellula…
25 terms
CHAPTER 10: Bacteria and Viruses (SCIENCE)
bacteria
prokaryote
eukaryotes
binary fission
do NOT have a nucleus; live in soil, water and the human body…
organism that does NOT have a nucleus; reproduces through bin…
organisms which are made of more than one cell; ... each cell ha…
four step process in which ONE single-celled organism ... splits…
bacteria
do NOT have a nucleus; live in soil, water and the human body…
prokaryote
organism that does NOT have a nucleus; reproduces through bin…
31 terms
Chapter 10 Bacteria and Viruses
Virus
Viruses are so small they can only be…
What are viruses measured in
Nonliving because:
A very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
Electron microscope
Nanometers or billionths of a meter
-They are not cells(have no cell parts)... -Do not eat or grow f…
Virus
A very small particle that can reproduce only inside a living…
Viruses are so small they can only be…
Electron microscope
21 terms
Chapter 10; Bacteria and Viruses
bacteria
virus
host
vaccine
organisms that obtains its foods from other organism
a microscopic particle that can cause disease
organism from which a parasite takes food or shelter
medicine used to kill bacteria and other micro-organisms
bacteria
organisms that obtains its foods from other organism
virus
a microscopic particle that can cause disease
40 terms
Chapter 10- Bacteria and Viruses
bacteria
disease
decomposer organism
cyanobacteria
an extremely small, unicellular, prokaryotic organism found i…
Any change, except for those caused by injuries, that affects…
An organism that breaks down dead organic matter into forms t…
Dark blue bacteria, prokaryotic, algae
bacteria
an extremely small, unicellular, prokaryotic organism found i…
disease
Any change, except for those caused by injuries, that affects…
18 terms
CMS Moore Chapter 10 Bacteria/Virus Vocabulary
Cocci
Spirilla
Roles of bacteria
Pathogen
(Plural) a sphere-shaped bacterium
Long and spiral shaped using flagella at both ends to move li…
Fix nitrogen, decomposing dead matter, make food and medicine…
Microorganism, another organism, a virus or protein that caus…
Cocci
(Plural) a sphere-shaped bacterium
Spirilla
Long and spiral shaped using flagella at both ends to move li…
Chapter 10: Bacteria & Viruses
Prokaryote
Binary Fission
Endospore
Bioremediation
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
The biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organis…
Prokaryote
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod-shaped
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod-shaped
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod-shaped
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
21 terms
Bacteria Chapter 10 Quiz
Microbiology
Archaebacteria
Methanogens
Extreme Halophiles
the study of microbes
only lipids, no peptidoglycan, can live in extreme environments
harvest energy by converting h20 and co2 into methane gas
salt loving
Microbiology
the study of microbes
Archaebacteria
only lipids, no peptidoglycan, can live in extreme environments
32 terms
Chapter 10: Genetics of Bacteria and Archaea
Auxotroph
Cistron
Conjugation
Genotype
an organism that has developed a nutritional requirement , of…
a gene as defined by the cis-trans test; a segment of DNA(or…
the transfer of genes from one prokaryotic cell to another by…
the complete genetic make-up of an organism; the complete des…
Auxotroph
an organism that has developed a nutritional requirement , of…
Cistron
a gene as defined by the cis-trans test; a segment of DNA(or…
27 terms
Science chapter 10: Bacteria/Viruses
Prokaryotic: no nucleus
Rod-Shaped, Spherical, Spiral
Rod-Shape's super power
Spherical's super powers
What is bacteria? (prokaryotic/ eukaryotic)
what are the three shapes of bacteria?
quickly absorbs nutrients
does not dry out quickly
Prokaryotic: no nucleus
What is bacteria? (prokaryotic/ eukaryotic)
Rod-Shaped, Spherical, Spiral
what are the three shapes of bacteria?
46 terms
Chapter 10- bacteria and viruses
Preserving fruit
A host cell is destroyed
Has a loop of DNA
Can reproduce only within a host cell
Bacteria are usef for all of the following except...
In the lytic cycle...
A bacterial cell
Viruses...
Preserving fruit
Bacteria are usef for all of the following except...
A host cell is destroyed
In the lytic cycle...
11 terms
Chapter 10- Bacteria and Viruses
disease
capsule
flagellum
binary fission
any change that affects an organism's normal function
outside a bacterial cell wall; gummy composition
tail like membrane used for movement
asexual reproduction where DNA is copied and divides into 2 c…
disease
any change that affects an organism's normal function
capsule
outside a bacterial cell wall; gummy composition
32 terms
Science Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
Bacteria
Bacteria
Bacilli
cocci
There are more of these organisms than there are anything else.
have three different shapes
rod shaped bacteria
spherical bacteria
Bacteria
There are more of these organisms than there are anything else.
Bacteria
have three different shapes
21 terms
Science-Chapter 10 Bacteria and Viruses
Bacteria and Archaea
Bacilli
Spirilla
Binary Fission
single-celled organisms with no nucleus
Rod shaped Bacteria
Long and Spiral shaped Bacteria
Reproduction for a prokaryote organism
Bacteria and Archaea
single-celled organisms with no nucleus
Bacilli
Rod shaped Bacteria
26 terms
Biology: Chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
Bacillus
Bacteria
Binary fission
Bioremediation
a rod-shaped bacterium
any of the extremely small unicellular, prokaryotic organisms…
a method of asexual reproduction in which the nuclear materia…
The use of living organisms to break down toxic and harmful s…
Bacillus
a rod-shaped bacterium
Bacteria
any of the extremely small unicellular, prokaryotic organisms…
42 terms
Bio chapter 10: Bacteria and Viruses
bacteria
Disease
Decomposer organism
Cyanobacteria
The organisms that are included in the kingdoms Archaebacteri…
any change (except for those caused by injuries) that affects…
Organisms that produce enzymes that break down proteins, star…
Blue-green algae that was once considered a plant but is now…
bacteria
The organisms that are included in the kingdoms Archaebacteri…
Disease
any change (except for those caused by injuries) that affects…
17 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Mysteries & Bacteria
Pasteurization
Joseph Lister
Listerine
Robert Koch
The process of heating substances such as wine and milk to ki…
Suggested that surgeons wash their hands & sterilize their in…
Dr. Josheph Lawrence refined the product that Lister develope…
He invented a way to show that specific diseases can be trace…
Pasteurization
The process of heating substances such as wine and milk to ki…
Joseph Lister
Suggested that surgeons wash their hands & sterilize their in…
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