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Study sets matching "bacteria chapter 19"

15 terms
Chapter 19-1 bacteria
prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillum
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
rod-shpaed prokaryotes
spherical prokaryotes
spiral and corkscrew-shaped prokaryotes
prokaryote
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
bacillus
rod-shpaed prokaryotes
33 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
peptidoglycan
archaebacteria
Prokaryotes are identified by 4 charac…
prokaryote
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
1. shapes 2. chemical natures of their cell walls 3. ways the…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
peptidoglycan
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
archaebacteria
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
13 terms
Chapter 19 and Bacteria
Viruses are composed of...
The protein covering is called the...
Retroviruses are...
Viroids
DNA/RNA and protein
CAPSID
RNA viruses that go through reverse transription
Pure (only) RNA
Viruses are composed of...
DNA/RNA and protein
The protein covering is called the...
CAPSID
26 terms
Chapter 19 - Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillum
a unicellular organisms that lacks a nucleus and membrane bou…
a cylindrical or rod shaped bacterium
a spherical shaped bacterium
a rigid spiral shaped bacterium
prokaryote
a unicellular organisms that lacks a nucleus and membrane bou…
bacillus
a cylindrical or rod shaped bacterium
33 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
peptidoglycan
archaebacteria
Prokaryotes are identified by 4 charac…
prokaryote
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
1. shapes 2. chemical natures of their cell walls 3. ways the…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
peptidoglycan
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
archaebacteria
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
18 terms
Chapter 19 - Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillum
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium
A spherical shaped bacterium
A rigid, spiral-shaped bacterium
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
bacillus
A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium
18 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
Bacillus Coccus
Chemoheterotoph
Photoheterotoph
Photoautotroph
Three major shapes of bacteria.
Obtains both energy and carbon from other organisms.
Requires organic carbon; needs light to process.
An organism that harnesses light energy to drive the synthesi…
Bacillus Coccus
Three major shapes of bacteria.
Chemoheterotoph
Obtains both energy and carbon from other organisms.
44 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and viruses
prokaryotes
Bacteria
Archae
peptidoglycan
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
The larger of the two domains of prokaryotes: domain bacteria…
Domain of prokaryotic organisms that are biochemically and ge…
A type of polymer in bacterial cell walls consisting of modif…
prokaryotes
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
Bacteria
The larger of the two domains of prokaryotes: domain bacteria…
44 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and viruses
prokaryotes
Bacteria
Archae
peptidoglycan
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
The larger of the two domains of prokaryotes: domain bacteria…
Domain of prokaryotic organisms that are biochemically and ge…
A type of polymer in bacterial cell walls consisting of modif…
prokaryotes
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
Bacteria
The larger of the two domains of prokaryotes: domain bacteria…
35 terms
Chapter 19 Viruses and Bacteria
Prokaryotes
Kingdom eubacteria
kingdom archaebacteria
coccus
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
larger of the 2 bacteria kingdoms; cell wall contains peptido…
bacteria kingdom that lack peptidoglycan; have different lipi…
round (spherical)
Prokaryotes
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus
Kingdom eubacteria
larger of the 2 bacteria kingdoms; cell wall contains peptido…
27 terms
Chapter 19- Bacteria and Viruses
Prokaryotes
Bacilli
Cocci
Spirilla
Single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus, and are typicall…
Rod-shaped prokaryotes.
Spherical prokaryotes
Spiral and corkscrew-shaped prokaryotes.
Prokaryotes
Single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus, and are typicall…
Bacilli
Rod-shaped prokaryotes.
29 terms
Bacteria & Virus Chapter 19
True/False... Bacteria cells are eukaryot…
True/False ... Bacteria reproduce asexually
True/False... Most bacteria are multicell…
Which kingdoms of bacteria is most sim…
True
True
False
Bacteria
True/False... Bacteria cells are eukaryot…
True
True/False ... Bacteria reproduce asexually
True
26 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
How are eubacteria and archaebacteria…
Prokaryotic Cell
Similarites between eubacteria and arc…
Shapes of bacteria
archae have no peptidoglycan and live in extreme enviroments
...
Sacilli (Rod Shaped)... Cocci (Sphereical Shaped)... Spiralli (Spir…
How are eubacteria and archaebacteria…
archae have no peptidoglycan and live in extreme enviroments
Prokaryotic Cell
96 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
the outer protein coat of a virus
particle of nucleic acid and protein t…
organism that obtains energy directly…
an infectious particle made of protein…
capsid
virus
chemoautotroph
prion
the outer protein coat of a virus
capsid
particle of nucleic acid and protein t…
virus
29 terms
Chapter 19: gram + bacteria
Stain & Shape: Staphylococcus aureous
Stain & Shape: Streptococcus pneumoniae
Stain & Shape: Streptococcus pyogenes
Stain & Shape: Clostridium tetani
Shape: Spheres in clusters... Stain: Purple, +
Shape: diplococci... Stain: Purple, +
Shape: Cocci in chains... Stain: Purple, +
Shape: Bacilli... Color: Purple, +
Stain & Shape: Staphylococcus aureous
Shape: Spheres in clusters... Stain: Purple, +
Stain & Shape: Streptococcus pneumoniae
Shape: diplococci... Stain: Purple, +
15 terms
Bacteria (Chapter 19)
prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillum
unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
rod-shaped prokaryote
spherical prokaryote
spiral or corkscrew-shaped prokaryote
prokaryote
unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
bacillus
rod-shaped prokaryote
40 terms
chapter 19 Bacteria
what are the characteristics of bacteria
capsule
flagella
pili
-prokaryotes... -have cell membranes but no membrane bound organ…
slimy outer layer secreted for movement/protection
whip like tail for locomotion
short hair like fibers
what are the characteristics of bacteria
-prokaryotes... -have cell membranes but no membrane bound organ…
capsule
slimy outer layer secreted for movement/protection
26 terms
Adams: Bacteria and Viruses (Chapter 19)
Bacteria are ___
Bacteria are divided into two kingdoms…
Eubacteria:
Archaebacteria:
prokaryotes... -single celled... - no nucleus
- Eubacteria ... -Archaebacteria
-largest group... -live just about everywhere... - surrounded by a…
-found only in extreme and harsh environments... - cell walls la…
Bacteria are ___
prokaryotes... -single celled... - no nucleus
Bacteria are divided into two kingdoms…
- Eubacteria ... -Archaebacteria
22 terms
Bacteria chapter 19
Prokaryokes
Eubacteria
Archbacteria
Bacilli
Unicellularorganisms that lack nucleus
Larger of the two kingdoms, surrounded by a cell wall, live a…
No nucleus, no peptidoglycan, different membrane lipids, live…
Rod shaped
Prokaryokes
Unicellularorganisms that lack nucleus
Eubacteria
Larger of the two kingdoms, surrounded by a cell wall, live a…
74 terms
Biology: Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
Prokaryotes
Archaebacteria and eubacteria
E.coli
Peptidoglycan
Unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus, smallest most comm…
Two different prokaryotic kingdoms
Eubacteria that lives in human intestines
A carbohydrate found in the cell walls of eubacteria
Prokaryotes
Unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus, smallest most comm…
Archaebacteria and eubacteria
Two different prokaryotic kingdoms
45 terms
Biology Chapter 19- Bacteria and Viruses
eubacteria membrane
eubacteria habitat
archaebacteria membrane
archaebacteria habitat
cell wall; peptidoglycan; cell membrane surrounding cytoplasm…
fresh and saltwater, on land, in the human body
no peptidoglycan; various membrane lipids; DNA sequences simi…
extreme environments: swamps, bogs, garbage dumps
eubacteria membrane
cell wall; peptidoglycan; cell membrane surrounding cytoplasm…
eubacteria habitat
fresh and saltwater, on land, in the human body
26 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses: 19-1 Bacteria, 19-2 Viruses, 19-3 Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses
Prokaryote
Bacillus
Coccus
Spirillum
single celled organism lacking a nucleus
rod shaped prokaryote
spherical prokaryote
spiral or corkscrew shaped prokaryote
Prokaryote
single celled organism lacking a nucleus
Bacillus
rod shaped prokaryote
27 terms
Chapter 19: Bacteria and Viruses Terms
Prokaryote
Bacillus
Coccus
Spirillum
Single-celled organism lacking a nucleus
Rod-shaped prokaryote
Spherical prokaryote
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped prokaryote
Prokaryote
Single-celled organism lacking a nucleus
Bacillus
Rod-shaped prokaryote
23 terms
Bacteria Chapter 19
Five types of Archaebacteria
Eubacteria
Kingdom monera
Domain Archaea
Thermophilic/acidophilic/alkalinophilic/mathanogenic/halophilic
Includes most bacteria, including pathogenic (disease causing…
Original classification system of bacteria
Led to domain eukarya
Five types of Archaebacteria
Thermophilic/acidophilic/alkalinophilic/mathanogenic/halophilic
Eubacteria
Includes most bacteria, including pathogenic (disease causing…
15 terms
chapter 19- bacteria
unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
spherical prokaryote
rod-shaped prokaryote
spiral or corkscrew shaped prokaryote
prokaryote
coccus
bacillus
spirillum
unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
prokaryote
spherical prokaryote
coccus
67 terms
Chapter 19 (Bacteria)
What is the smallest and most common m…
Unicellular organisms that lack a nucl…
For many year prokaryotes were called…
All prokaryotes were place in a single…
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
Bacteria
Monera
What is the smallest and most common m…
Prokaryotes
Unicellular organisms that lack a nucl…
Prokaryotes
Chapter 19: Bacteria and Viruses Vocabulary
Prokaryotes
Bacilli
Spirilla
Chemoheterotrophs
single- celled organisms that lack a nucleus.
rod shaped prokaryotes
spiral and corkscrew- shaped prokaryotes
most heterotrophic prokaryotes must take in organic molecules…
Prokaryotes
single- celled organisms that lack a nucleus.
Bacilli
rod shaped prokaryotes
49 terms
Chapter 19: Bacteria
the two domains containing bacteria
the two kingdoms containing bacteria
characteristics of bacteria
what is a nucleotide region?
Archaea and bacteria
archaebacteria and eubacteria
1) prokaryotic... 2) have cell membrane but NO membrane bound or…
a bacterias nucleus
the two domains containing bacteria
Archaea and bacteria
the two kingdoms containing bacteria
archaebacteria and eubacteria
27 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
Prokaryotes
Bacilli
Cocci
Spirilla
Single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus, and are typicall…
Rod-shaped prokaryotes.
Spherical prokaryotes
Spiral and corkscrew-shaped prokaryotes.
Prokaryotes
Single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus, and are typicall…
Bacilli
Rod-shaped prokaryotes.
15 terms
chapter 19: bacteria and viruses
methanogens
obligate aerobes
obligate anaerobes
facultative anaerobes
live in oxygen-free environments
require oxygen to live
live without oxygen
can live with or without oxygen
methanogens
live in oxygen-free environments
obligate aerobes
require oxygen to live
70 terms
Chapter 19 and 27, Viruses and Bacteria
How small are viruses?
Beijerinck and Rosalind Franklin
Basic components of a virus:
Viral nucleic acid
Smaller than bacteria. Smaller than ribosomes.
Beijerinck called viruses filterable, and rosa took first cry…
Nucleic acid, protein coat, enzymes, envelope, matrix... matrix…
1) Either dsDNA, ssDNA, ssRNA, dsRNA... 2)Nucleic acid is linear…
How small are viruses?
Smaller than bacteria. Smaller than ribosomes.
Beijerinck and Rosalind Franklin
Beijerinck called viruses filterable, and rosa took first cry…
36 terms
biology chapter 19 bacteria
archaebacteria
methanogens, thermoacidophiles, extrem…
extreme halophiles
thermoacidophiles
no peptidoglycan in cell wall
types of archaebacteria
salty environment
hot or acidic; cracks in sea floor, hot springs, volcano
archaebacteria
no peptidoglycan in cell wall
methanogens, thermoacidophiles, extrem…
types of archaebacteria
22 terms
Biology Chapter 19 - Bacteria
prokaryote
eubacteria
archaebacteria
identifying prokaryotes
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are made…
A group of microorganisms whose cell walls do not contain pep…
shapes, chemical natures of cell walls, movement, obtaining e…
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
eubacteria
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are made…
76 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria & viruses
Kingdom Monera
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
single-celled microorganism that lacks…
1 to 5 micrometers
What kingdom was bacteria in before advances in technology?
Who first discovered prokaryotes?
What is a prokaryote?
How big are prokaryotes?
Kingdom Monera
What kingdom was bacteria in before advances in technology?
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Who first discovered prokaryotes?
13 terms
Chapter 19: Bacteria & Viruses
2 bacterial Kingdoms
2 bacterial DOMAINS
Kingdom Archaebacteria
Cocci
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
Bacteria and archaea
Include extreme bacteria such as methanogens and halophiles
Spherical prokaryotes
2 bacterial Kingdoms
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
2 bacterial DOMAINS
Bacteria and archaea
62 terms
Biology Chapter 19 (Bacteria)
Gram Negative
Streptococci
lock jaw
pathogens
bacteria that stain pink because they have an outer membrane…
chain of spherical bacteria
example of an obligate anaerobe
disease causing agent
Gram Negative
bacteria that stain pink because they have an outer membrane…
Streptococci
chain of spherical bacteria
Chapter 19 viruses & bacteria
Prokaryotic
Archaebacteria
Eubacteria
Eubacteria
Are bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic
Bacteria in harsh conditions
Common bacteria
Peptidoglycan
Prokaryotic
Are bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic
Archaebacteria
Bacteria in harsh conditions
23 terms
Biology Chapter 19- Bacteria
prokaryotic, unicellular, autotrophic…
Bacteria have peptidoglycan, Archaea d…
shape, movement, pigmentation, nutriti…
Coccus (sphere-shaped), bacillus (rod-…
bacterial characteristics
fundamental difference between Bacteria and Archaea?
methods of classifying prokaryotes
shapes of prokaryotes
prokaryotic, unicellular, autotrophic…
bacterial characteristics
Bacteria have peptidoglycan, Archaea d…
fundamental difference between Bacteria and Archaea?
29 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria & Virus
Antibiotic
Bacilli
Bacteriophages
Binary Fission
Compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria.…
Rod shaped prokaryotes. P473
Virus that infects bacteria. P479
A type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicate…
Antibiotic
Compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria.…
Bacilli
Rod shaped prokaryotes. P473
28 terms
Chapter 19- bacteria & virus
Nucleus
Bacilli
DNA surrounded by a protein coat
Bacteria
What cell structure do prokaryotes lack?
What are rod shaped prokaryotes called?
What is the best description of the basic virus structure?
What type of organisms do bacteriophage infect?
Nucleus
What cell structure do prokaryotes lack?
Bacilli
What are rod shaped prokaryotes called?
24 terms
Biology Chapter 19: Bacteria
Antibiotics
Molecular biology
Endotoxins
Exotoxins
Life savers, must be produced all the time to stay ahead of b…
Plasmids and gene splicing
Poisons or toxins produced by certain bacteria made of proteins
Poisons or toxins produced by certain bacteria made of lipids…
Antibiotics
Life savers, must be produced all the time to stay ahead of b…
Molecular biology
Plasmids and gene splicing
27 terms
chapter 19 bacteria bio.
gram negative
streptococci
clostridium tetani
pathogen
bacteria that stain pink because they have an outer membrane…
chain of spherical bacteria
example of a obligate anaerobe
disease causing agent
gram negative
bacteria that stain pink because they have an outer membrane…
streptococci
chain of spherical bacteria
35 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria & Viruses
Prokaryotes
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Roles of Bacteria: Decomposers
single celled organisms that lack a nucleus
wide variety of bacteria whose cells contain a carbohydrate c…
have cell walls without peptidoglycan and are genetically sim…
Bacteria recycles nutrients trapped in dead organism's bodies…
Prokaryotes
single celled organisms that lack a nucleus
Eubacteria
wide variety of bacteria whose cells contain a carbohydrate c…
34 terms
Chapter 19 - Bacteria and Viruses
Prokaryote
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
3 shapes of bacteria:
Lacks a true nucleus
...
lives in extreme environments
bacilli, cocci, spirilla
Prokaryote
Lacks a true nucleus
Eubacteria
...
27 terms
Biology Chapter 19: Bacteria
Prokaryote
Bacillus
Coccus
Spririllum
A single celled organism lacking a nucleus.
Rod-shaped prokaryote.
Spherical prokaryote
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped prokaryote
Prokaryote
A single celled organism lacking a nucleus.
Bacillus
Rod-shaped prokaryote.
55 terms
Chapter 19 Viruses and Bacteria
Prokaryotes
Kingdom eubacteria
kingdom archaebacteria
methanogens
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus smallest and most c…
larger of the 2 kingdoms... includes a wide range of organisms... h…
look similar to eubacteria... cell walls lack peptidoglycan ... the…
live in oxygen free environments ( like mud or digestive trac…
Prokaryotes
unicellular organisms that lack a nucleus smallest and most c…
Kingdom eubacteria
larger of the 2 kingdoms... includes a wide range of organisms... h…
36 terms
Chapter 19: Bacteria and Viruses
Antibiotics
Antibodies
Communicable
Epidemic
"Fight" disease, especially
Are a chemical defense against infectious disease; they are p…
A disease spread from person to person
A virulent, widespread disease in a human or animal populatio…
Antibiotics
"Fight" disease, especially
Antibodies
Are a chemical defense against infectious disease; they are p…
78 terms
Chapter 19: Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryotes
eubacteria, archaebacteria
Eubacteria
peptidoglycan
The smallest and most common microorganisms are _______, whic…
Prokaryotes are divided into two kingdoms: ________ and _____…
__________ live almost everywhere.
Eubacteria are usually surrounded by a cell wall, which conta…
prokaryotes
The smallest and most common microorganisms are _______, whic…
eubacteria, archaebacteria
Prokaryotes are divided into two kingdoms: ________ and _____…
29 terms
Chapter 19 bacteria and viruses
Prokaryotes
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Bacillus
Single celled organisms that lack a nucleus
Live everywhere contain peptidoglycan
Live in extreme environments lack peptidoglycan
Rod shaped bacteria
Prokaryotes
Single celled organisms that lack a nucleus
Eubacteria
Live everywhere contain peptidoglycan
33 terms
Biology Chapter 19: Bacteria
Murein
Cocci
Bacilli
Spirilla
A polysaccaride + amino acid in the cell wall
Spherical shape
Rod shape
Spiral shape
Murein
A polysaccaride + amino acid in the cell wall
Cocci
Spherical shape
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