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Study sets matching "bacteriology animals"

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Study sets matching "bacteriology animals"

23 terms
Vet Tech Large Animal Parasitology/Microbiology - Lecture 9: Mycology/Bacteriology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Obligate aerobe
Obligate anaerobe
Are bacteria classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
Are fungi classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
A bacterium requires access to oxygen to grow and multiply. I…
A bacterium does not grow or multiply when it has access to o…
Prokaryotes
Are bacteria classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
Eukaryotes
Are fungi classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
30 terms
Bacteriology
Taxonomy
Prokaryotes
Photosynthetic
Chemosynthetic
Naming and classifying organisms into distinct groups or cate…
"Pre-Nucleus"... Cells that do not contain nuclei
Describes bacteria that make their own food using light energy
having the ability to use the energy from chemical reactions…
Taxonomy
Naming and classifying organisms into distinct groups or cate…
Prokaryotes
"Pre-Nucleus"... Cells that do not contain nuclei
177 terms
Bacteriology Life University
Microbiology
What is Epidemiology?
Genetic Engineering and Recombinant DN…
Procaryotic cells =... Eucaryotic cells =
Specialized area of biology that studies living things ordina…
To monitor and control the spread of disease in communities
Study techniques that deliberately alter the genetic makeup o…
Pro = Bacteria... Euc = Fungi, algae, protozoans, heminth worm,…
Microbiology
Specialized area of biology that studies living things ordina…
What is Epidemiology?
To monitor and control the spread of disease in communities
48 terms
Bacteriology
What is a prokaryote?
How are bacteria categorized?
Rod (Bacilli)
Cocci
Single DNA molecule that lacks a membrane bound nucleus
By their shape (rods, cocci, vibrio, spirals)
What is a prokaryote?
Single DNA molecule that lacks a membrane bound nucleus
How are bacteria categorized?
By their shape (rods, cocci, vibrio, spirals)
37 terms
Bacteriology
overview
composition & distribution throughout…
baseline species
start with the upper GI: how many? whi…
overview
composition & distribution throughout…
57 terms
Bacteriology Question Set 1
True
a) Antibodies
a) Sensitivity
b) Specificity... When a test is specifi…
True or False: A disease can be diagnosed by identifying the…
Humoral immune response is measured by screening for:... a) Anti…
The ability of a test to accurately identify an infected anim…
The ability of a test to accurately identify a non-infected a…
True
True or False: A disease can be diagnosed by identifying the…
a) Antibodies
Humoral immune response is measured by screening for:... a) Anti…
144 terms
Bacteriology - Exam I
What is Antony Van Leeuwenhoek known f…
What is Lazzaro Spallanzani known for?
What is Ignaz Semelweis known for?
What is Joseph lister known for?
he created lenses that allowed people to see molecules smalle…
he debunked spontaneous generation
physicians spreading disease in the pregnancy ward because th…
father of antiseptic surgery, let's use gloves and wash our h…
What is Antony Van Leeuwenhoek known f…
he created lenses that allowed people to see molecules smalle…
What is Lazzaro Spallanzani known for?
he debunked spontaneous generation
104 terms
Bacteriology Exam 1
Infection
Parasitic Infection
Symbiotic/Mutualistic Infection
Commensal Infection
The establishment of an association between a pathogen and a…
The pathogen benefits at the expense of the host by causing d…
An infection that occurs when both the microbe and the host b…
An infection that where the microbes drives the benefit witho…
Infection
The establishment of an association between a pathogen and a…
Parasitic Infection
The pathogen benefits at the expense of the host by causing d…
168 terms
Bacteriology Exam 1
Microbes
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Francesco Redi
Very tiny living things and certain microscopic non-living th…
observed multicellular microbes using a hand-made microscope.…
Used an improved microscope to observe single-celled microbes…
Refuted spontaneous generation. Flies in flasks unsealed, sea…
Microbes
Very tiny living things and certain microscopic non-living th…
Robert Hooke
observed multicellular microbes using a hand-made microscope.…
11 terms
Bacteriology
Peptidoglycan
NAM
O antigen
BAM
Unique biopolymer contains both D- and L- a mino acids
Cross linked with oligopeptides
Present in gram- (E.coli,salmonella,Yersinia) it is a lipopol…
Bacteriological analytical manual
Peptidoglycan
Unique biopolymer contains both D- and L- a mino acids
NAM
Cross linked with oligopeptides
29 terms
Chapter 5 Bacteriology
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
acquired immunity
allergy
antiseptic
abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immun…
immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, t…
reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemica…
chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered an…
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immun…
acquired immunity
immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, t…
10 terms
History of Bacteriology
Marcus Terentius Varro
Hippocrates
Antonie van Leeuvenhoek
Antonie van Leeuvenhoek
He suggested that disease may be caused by miniscule animals…
He was the first physician to separate medicine from supersti…
He is commonly known as "the Father of Microbiology"
He handcrafted single-lens microscope himself, with which he…
Marcus Terentius Varro
He suggested that disease may be caused by miniscule animals…
Hippocrates
He was the first physician to separate medicine from supersti…
27 terms
Milady's Esthetics Ch4 Bacteriology
The one-celled microgranisms also know…
Parasites are a type of
Bacteria that cause disease are called
Disease in plant or animal tissue is c…
bacteria
pathogenic bacteria
pathogenic
pathogenic bacteria
The one-celled microgranisms also know…
bacteria
Parasites are a type of
pathogenic bacteria
131 terms
Bacteriology
catalase test results
Staphylococci
5 important coagulase positive species
S. intermedius
H2O2 gas ... Staph - positive ... Strep - negative ... Enterococcus -…
Gram + Grape-like clusters... Faculatative anaerobes... Saccharolyt…
S. intermedius... S. hyicus ... S. schleiferi ... S. delphini ... S. aureus
most common pyogen of dogs ... any condition where pus is formed
catalase test results
H2O2 gas ... Staph - positive ... Strep - negative ... Enterococcus -…
Staphylococci
Gram + Grape-like clusters... Faculatative anaerobes... Saccharolyt…
20 terms
Bacteriology
BACTERIOLOGY
BACTERIA
Nonpathogenic
Saprophytes
The science that deals with the study of microorganisms calle…
Minute, one-celled vegetable microorganisms found nearly... eve…
These are helpful or harmless bacteria that perform useful... f…
Nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter and do not... p…
BACTERIOLOGY
The science that deals with the study of microorganisms calle…
BACTERIA
Minute, one-celled vegetable microorganisms found nearly... eve…
86 terms
500s: Bacteriology
infectious disease
infectious
infection
efficacy
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorgani…
the ability to produce an intended result
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
infectious
caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
227 terms
Bacteriology
Which type of bacteria are aerobic, ch…
What is the most important equine bact…
Where is streptococcus found as a comm…
How would you characterise a pathogeni…
Streptococci
Streptococci
Upper respiratory tract... Vagina + Vulva... Urogenital tract... Udder
Lancefield group B or C... Haemolytic... May be diplococci
Which type of bacteria are aerobic, ch…
Streptococci
What is the most important equine bact…
Streptococci
30 terms
Bacteriology overview
Proteins in bacteria are found....
Polysaccharides
Phospholipids
Function of flagella
- flagella... - pili... - cell walls ... - cytoplasmic membranes... - rib…
- capsules... - inclusions ... - cell walls
membranes
swimming
Proteins in bacteria are found....
- flagella... - pili... - cell walls ... - cytoplasmic membranes... - rib…
Polysaccharides
- capsules... - inclusions ... - cell walls
14 terms
Bacteriology - Pseudomonas
What does Pseudomonas look like with a…
In what conditions can Pseudomonas grow?
What size genome does Pseudomonas grow…
What are the two main pathogenic speci…
Gram negative rods
Basically anything ... - Environmental organism ... - Can grow in…
It has a very large genome with high plasticity.... It can surv…
Pseudomonas aeroginosa -- infects most animals ... Pseudomonas…
What does Pseudomonas look like with a…
Gram negative rods
In what conditions can Pseudomonas grow?
Basically anything ... - Environmental organism ... - Can grow in…
14 terms
Bacteriology - Bordetella
What does Bordetella look like with a…
What kind of metabolism does Bordetell…
What organ does Bordetella almost excl…
Describe the morbidity and mortality o…
Gram negative short rods
Strict aerobe
The lungs
High morbidity... Low mortality
What does Bordetella look like with a…
Gram negative short rods
What kind of metabolism does Bordetell…
Strict aerobe
17 terms
Bacteriology
Microbiology
Staphylococci
Communicable
HIV
The study of small organisms.
Pus-forming bacterial cells that form grape-like bunches or c…
When a disease spreads from one person to another via contact.
This disease can be transferred by blood, semen, and body fui…
Microbiology
The study of small organisms.
Staphylococci
Pus-forming bacterial cells that form grape-like bunches or c…
17 terms
Bacteriology - Campylobacter
What does Campylobacter look like with…
Where in the organism does Campylobact…
What are the symptoms of Campylobacter…
How do you treat Campylobacter infecti…
Gram negative "comma-shaped" curved rods
Mucosal layer of small intestine... Campylobacter has flagella…
Diarrhea, blood stools
Antibiotics and fluids/electrolytes
What does Campylobacter look like with…
Gram negative "comma-shaped" curved rods
Where in the organism does Campylobact…
Mucosal layer of small intestine... Campylobacter has flagella…
21 terms
Bacteriology
staphylococcus aureus
staphylococcus pseudointermedius
Staphylococcus delphini
Staphylococcus schleiferi
humans and animals
Dogs and cats
Minks and ferrets and badgers
Dogs
staphylococcus aureus
humans and animals
staphylococcus pseudointermedius
Dogs and cats
26 terms
Chapter 4: bacteriology part 2
Pathogenic
Parasites
Objective symptoms
Nonpathogenic
Harmful, disease producing bacteria
Plant or animal organisms that live on other living organisms…
Symptoms that can be seen
Beneficial bacteria that perform many useful functions
Pathogenic
Harmful, disease producing bacteria
Parasites
Plant or animal organisms that live on other living organisms…
35 terms
Chapter 4 Bacteriology Key Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Acquired Immunity
Active Stage or (Vegetative Stage)
Aseptic
AIDS is the onset of life-threating illnesses that comprise t…
An immunity that the body develops after it overcomes a disea…
The stage in which bacteria grow and reproduce.
Free of disease germs.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS is the onset of life-threating illnesses that comprise t…
Acquired Immunity
An immunity that the body develops after it overcomes a disea…
93 terms
Antimicrobial Agents- Bacteriology Exam #1
What are the classes of Anitbiotics ba…
Which classes are narrow spectrum? Bro…
Which classes are broad spectrum
Spectrum of activity is based on 2 maj…
B-Lactams... Aminoglycolides... Aminocyclitols... Phenicols... Macrolides…
Narrow:... aminogycolides... aminocyclitols... diaminopyrimadines... macr…
tetracyclines... fluoroquinolones... B-lactams... sulfonamides... phenicols
pore size and outer membrane (lipophilic drugs won't penetrate
What are the classes of Anitbiotics ba…
B-Lactams... Aminoglycolides... Aminocyclitols... Phenicols... Macrolides…
Which classes are narrow spectrum? Bro…
Narrow:... aminogycolides... aminocyclitols... diaminopyrimadines... macr…
92 terms
Bacteriology
What are the three main areas in micro…
What is the goal of Microbial classifi…
What is polyphasic system of classific…
What type of data is used for classifi…
1.Classification ... Organizing into group ... Common characteristi…
.Relate class with evolutionary relationships ... . Phylogeny o…
Use of all microbial data = to place organisms into group
Genotypic ... Phenotypic ... Both are fairly important
What are the three main areas in micro…
1.Classification ... Organizing into group ... Common characteristi…
What is the goal of Microbial classifi…
.Relate class with evolutionary relationships ... . Phylogeny o…
16 terms
Bacteriology - Staphylococcus
Where are Staphylococci normally found?
What do Staphylococci look like with a…
What kind of pathogen are Staph?
Are Staph environmentally hardy?
Dermal and mucosal surfaces
Gram positive cocci which occur in clusters
Facultative opportunistic pathogens
Yes -- they are resistant to UV light, drying, heating, pH fl…
Where are Staphylococci normally found?
Dermal and mucosal surfaces
What do Staphylococci look like with a…
Gram positive cocci which occur in clusters
14 terms
Bacteriology - Bacillus
What does Bacillus look like with a gr…
What are the results of a Bacillus cat…
Do Bacillus form spores?
What animals are most susceptible to B…
Gram positive rods in chains
Catalase positive... Yes, they are motile
Yes, their spores are extremely hardy
Ruminants
What does Bacillus look like with a gr…
Gram positive rods in chains
What are the results of a Bacillus cat…
Catalase positive... Yes, they are motile
69 terms
Bacteriology Lecture 10/E1 - Vaccines and Diagnostics
Primary immune response
Secondary immune response
Immunity
4 Types of Immunity
-Adaptive response ... -First time the immune system sees a path…
-Adaptive response ... -second time the immune system sees a pat…
ability to resist infection
Passive (natural, artificial); active (natural, artificial)
Primary immune response
-Adaptive response ... -First time the immune system sees a path…
Secondary immune response
-Adaptive response ... -second time the immune system sees a pat…
189 terms
Bacteriology Test 2
Pathogenic Features of general Staphyl…
Pathogenic Features specific to S. aur…
Transmission of general Staph
Clinical dz of S. aureus
-coagulase... -catalase... -hyaluronidase... -hemolysins... -exfoliative…
TSS 1 toxin (superantigen)... enterotoxins... coagulase
endogenous infections most common***... exogenous by direct con…
-pus (neutrophil response)... -mastitis (cattle and swine)... -toxi…
Pathogenic Features of general Staphyl…
-coagulase... -catalase... -hyaluronidase... -hemolysins... -exfoliative…
Pathogenic Features specific to S. aur…
TSS 1 toxin (superantigen)... enterotoxins... coagulase
53 terms
bacteriology 250 chapter 1
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Carolus Linnaeus
Leeuwenhoaks microorganisms grouped in…
Bacteria and Archaea
-began making and using simple microscopes ... -examined water a…
-developed taxonomic system for naming plants and animals and…
-bacteria... -archaea... -fungi... -protozoa ... -algae... -small multicellu…
unicellular and lack nuclei ... -much smaller than eukaryotes ... -…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
-began making and using simple microscopes ... -examined water a…
Carolus Linnaeus
-developed taxonomic system for naming plants and animals and…
82 terms
bacteriology chapter 13
what is a virion
what is a viroid
what is a prion
structure of a virus contains
complete, fully developed, infectious virus
infectious RNA, plant pathogens
infectious proteins
1) nucleic acid- DNA or RNA core... 2) protein coat- capsid made…
what is a virion
complete, fully developed, infectious virus
what is a viroid
infectious RNA, plant pathogens
169 terms
Bacteriology final
The Dutch scientist is credited with m…
Francisco Redi did experiments to disp…
swan-necked flasks were used to put an…
introduced the use of antiseptics like…
van Leeuwenhoek
flies
Pasteur
Lister
The Dutch scientist is credited with m…
van Leeuwenhoek
Francisco Redi did experiments to disp…
flies
6 terms
Bacteriology - Anaplasmataceae (Anaplasma)
What is the main Anaplasma disease of…
How is bovine anaplasmosis transmitted?
Describe the mortality of bovine anapl…
Where does Anaplasma marginale live in…
Bovine anaplasmosis caused by Anaplasma marginale
Through ticks -- it is not contagious
High mortality, older animals are more affected
Inside red blood cells (unusual)
What is the main Anaplasma disease of…
Bovine anaplasmosis caused by Anaplasma marginale
How is bovine anaplasmosis transmitted?
Through ticks -- it is not contagious
94 terms
Bacteriology Exam 1 chapters 1, 3, 4
Microbes:
Living Microbes:
Non-living Microbes:
Robert Hooke
very tiny (microscopic) living things and certain microscopic…
bacteria, archaea, algae, fungi, protozoa, and multicellular…
viruses, viroids, and prions
1665 observed multicellular microbes (fungi and parasites) us…
Microbes:
very tiny (microscopic) living things and certain microscopic…
Living Microbes:
bacteria, archaea, algae, fungi, protozoa, and multicellular…
141 terms
Bacteriology Exam 2
A system of management practices direc…
Chemicals used to prevent growth or de…
Term used for procedures to lower the…
These are genes that are capable of tr…
biocontainment
antiseptics
sanitize
transposons
A system of management practices direc…
biocontainment
Chemicals used to prevent growth or de…
antiseptics
28 terms
Bacteriology Lecture 1
Some new diseases are not really emerg…
(Clostridium and Bacillus species)Spor…
NO, endospores cannot divide and mothe…
Anthrax
Define "Emerging Disease"
Define "Endospores"
Can an Endospore divide?
Give an example of a dangerous endospore
Some new diseases are not really emerg…
Define "Emerging Disease"
(Clostridium and Bacillus species)Spor…
Define "Endospores"
266 terms
Bacteriology Midterm
what is dermatomycosis
lesions due to dermatophytes are restr…
how can you diagnose ringworm
the resistance of re-infection of derm…
ringworm
to the cornified keratin layer og the skin and it's appendage…
- wood's lamp (UV light) = positive lesion fluorescing... - wet…
the development of Delayed Type Hypersensitivity response
what is dermatomycosis
ringworm
lesions due to dermatophytes are restr…
to the cornified keratin layer og the skin and it's appendage…
139 terms
Bacteriology Test 3
Actinomyces bovis morphology
Actinomyces bovis causes what disease
Actinomyces suis morphology
Actinomyces suis virulence factors
gram positive rods, facultative
lumpy jaw in cattle
gram positive rod (club shaped), nonspore forming, anaerobe
urease, pili
Actinomyces bovis morphology
gram positive rods, facultative
Actinomyces bovis causes what disease
lumpy jaw in cattle
147 terms
Bacteriology Exam 2
_______ continues to cause multiple ou…
Yersinia ____ & _____ are maintained i…
___ ___ is a non-enteric gram negative…
___ ___ is primarily a commensal organ…
E. coli 0157:H7
entercolitica & pseudotuberculosis
Manheimia haemolytica
Manheimia haemolytica
_______ continues to cause multiple ou…
E. coli 0157:H7
Yersinia ____ & _____ are maintained i…
entercolitica & pseudotuberculosis
175 terms
SGU SVM Bacteriology/Mycology Quiz 1
Cocci
Rods (bacillus)
Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Rickettsia
Staphylococcus
about 1um in diameter
0.5-1um wide, varied length
Obligate intracelluar bacteria, 0.2um, will pass through most…
Cocci in bunches
Cocci
about 1um in diameter
Rods (bacillus)
0.5-1um wide, varied length
14 terms
Bacteriology - Pasteurellaceae (Pasteurella)
What does Pasteurella look like with a…
What is notable about the capsule of P…
What are the most common diseases caus…
What are the general virulence factors…
Gram negative, short rods
It varies between species... Which serotype is present will dic…
Atrophic rhinitis - pigs... Fowl cholera - birds... Hemorrhagic sep…
Capsule... Adhesins
What does Pasteurella look like with a…
Gram negative, short rods
What is notable about the capsule of P…
It varies between species... Which serotype is present will dic…
11 terms
Basic Bacteriology
Bacilli
bacteria (singular: bacterium)
Cocci
Diplococci
Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria…
One-celled microorganism that have both plant and animal char…
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups…
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such…
Bacilli
Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria…
bacteria (singular: bacterium)
One-celled microorganism that have both plant and animal char…
229 terms
Bacteriology Final
Klebsiella characteristics
Klebsiella causes
Salmonella characteristics
Salmonella treatment
Thick, mucoid capsule... Lactose fermenter on MAC... Drug Resistanc…
Horse: METRITIS... Cows: Mastitis from wood shavings... Pigs: Masti…
No colour... No Vaccination... NO ORAL ANTIBIOTICS
RESISTANT TO TETRACYCLINES
Klebsiella characteristics
Thick, mucoid capsule... Lactose fermenter on MAC... Drug Resistanc…
Klebsiella causes
Horse: METRITIS... Cows: Mastitis from wood shavings... Pigs: Masti…
18 terms
Bacteriology - Pasteurellaceae (Haemophilus, Histophilus)
What are the four species of veterinar…
What does Haemophilus look like with a…
What kind of growth does Haemophilus d…
Is Haemophilus long-lasting outside of…
Pasteurella, Haemophilus, Manheimia, Actinobacillus
Gram negative rods
Facultative anaerobe
No, it dies quickly
What are the four species of veterinar…
Pasteurella, Haemophilus, Manheimia, Actinobacillus
What does Haemophilus look like with a…
Gram negative rods
71 terms
Bacteriology, Santitation, Disinfectant and Sterilization
Antiseptic
Aseptic Procedure
Asepsis
Bacteria: 5 classes
A chemical Agent that may kill or retard the growth of bacter…
Process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equip…
(of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic…
Eubacteria: Primary disease causing; cocci, bacilli and spril…
Antiseptic
A chemical Agent that may kill or retard the growth of bacter…
Aseptic Procedure
Process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equip…
128 terms
Bacteriology Quiz 1
Bacillus anthracis
cocci in cluster
Cocci in chain
straight rod
- gram (+)... - capsulated rod... - spores ... - inhalation = fatal di…
staphylococcus aureus
Sterptococci
1. straight = pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bacillus anthracis
- gram (+)... - capsulated rod... - spores ... - inhalation = fatal di…
cocci in cluster
staphylococcus aureus
21 terms
Bacteriology ch 14
gram positive cocci
gram negative cocci
gram positive rods
gram negative rods; enteric tract-insi…
staphylococcus, streptococcus, enterococcus
neisseria
corynebacterium, listeria, bacillus, clostridium, actinomyces…
escherichia, salmonella
gram positive cocci
staphylococcus, streptococcus, enterococcus
gram negative cocci
neisseria
14 terms
Bacteriology Lecture 2
Name 2 Gram + cocci species and describe
Name 3 Gram + filamentous and branchin…
Name 3 Gram + Rods that produce endosp…
Name 3 Gram + rods that do not produce…
1. Staphylococcus: bunch of grapes... 2. Streptococcus spp: cocc…
1. Actinomyces bovis and A. viscosus: MZN-... 2. Nocardia astero…
1. Clostridium: anaerobic, spores bulge... 2. Bacillus: facultat…
1. Mycobacterium (M. bovis and M. avium)... 2. M. lepraemurium... 3…
Name 2 Gram + cocci species and describe
1. Staphylococcus: bunch of grapes... 2. Streptococcus spp: cocc…
Name 3 Gram + filamentous and branchin…
1. Actinomyces bovis and A. viscosus: MZN-... 2. Nocardia astero…
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