Study sets matching "bases acids"

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Study sets matching "bases acids"

Acids and Bases
Acid
Alkali
Base
Indicator
Releases Hydrogen ions in water
A soluble base
Opposite of an acid, can neutralize acids to form salts
A substance that changes colour depending on the pH
Acid
Releases Hydrogen ions in water
Alkali
A soluble base
44 terms
Acids & Bases
ACID
ACID
14
BASE
I am corrosive. Acid or Base?
I am sour. Acid or Base?
The number of measuring units on the pH scale
I am caustic. Acid or Base?
ACID
I am corrosive. Acid or Base?
ACID
I am sour. Acid or Base?
19 terms
Acids & Bases
Hydrogen
Red
Below
Sour
Acids always contain this element
The colour acids turn litmus paper
Acids have a pH ABOVE/BELOW 7
Solutions of acids taste ..................
Hydrogen
Acids always contain this element
Red
The colour acids turn litmus paper
23 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
Acids and bases
Acid / Acidic Solutions
When an acid reacts with a metal what…
Acids and bases react to form
Acids react with blue litmus paper and…
chemical compound that contains hydrogen and forms a salt whe…
a gas
salt and water
red
Acid / Acidic Solutions
chemical compound that contains hydrogen and forms a salt whe…
When an acid reacts with a metal what…
a gas
30 terms
Acids and bases
Acid
HCl
H2SO4
HNO3
A chemical with a pH of 1-6.9
Hydrochloric acid
Sulphuric acid
Nitric acid
Acid
A chemical with a pH of 1-6.9
HCl
Hydrochloric acid
23 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
Acids and Bases
Arrhenius Definition
Bronsted- Lowry Definition
Lewis Definition
Properties of Acids and Bases
An acid is a species that produces H+(a proton) in an aqueous…
an acid is a species that donates protons, while a base is a…
An acid is an electron-pair acceptor, and a base is an electr…
see image
Arrhenius Definition
An acid is a species that produces H+(a proton) in an aqueous…
Bronsted- Lowry Definition
an acid is a species that donates protons, while a base is a…
16 terms
Acids and Bases
H+
OH-
pH 0-6
pH 8-14
the ion found in an acidic solution
the ion found in a basic solution
pH range of acids
pH range of bases
H+
the ion found in an acidic solution
OH-
the ion found in a basic solution
29 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
conducts electricity in solution, tastes sour, feels watery,…
conducts electricity in solution, tastes bitter, feels slippe…
produces H+ ions in aqueous solution
produces OH- ions in aqueous solution
Acid
conducts electricity in solution, tastes sour, feels watery,…
Base
conducts electricity in solution, tastes bitter, feels slippe…
30 terms
ACIDS AND BASES
acid
base
neutralisation
OH-
something that gives off H+ ions when mixed with water
something that gives off OH+ ions when mixed with water
an acid-base reaction that produces a salt and water
hydroxide ion
acid
something that gives off H+ ions when mixed with water
base
something that gives off OH+ ions when mixed with water
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
30 terms
ACIDS AND BASES
acid
base
neutralisation
OH-
something that gives off H+ ions when mixed with water
something that gives off OH+ ions when mixed with water
an acid-base reaction that produces a salt and water
hydroxide ion
acid
something that gives off H+ ions when mixed with water
base
something that gives off OH+ ions when mixed with water
26 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
31 terms
Acids and Bases
Periodic Table
litmus
element
proton
a chart with the chemical elements arranged in periods and gr…
a chemical that turns red in acid and blue in alkali
a pure substance made of only one type of atom
particle with a positive charge
Periodic Table
a chart with the chemical elements arranged in periods and gr…
litmus
a chemical that turns red in acid and blue in alkali
78 terms
ACIDS and BASES
Electrolytes
Nonelectrolytes
Dissociates
Ionization of acids
Electrolytes form ions in water and conduct an electric curre…
Non electrolytes do not form ions in water. Example: sugar
ionic solids separate and form ions in water
Some acids dissociate or separate and form ions in water.
Electrolytes
Electrolytes form ions in water and conduct an electric curre…
Nonelectrolytes
Non electrolytes do not form ions in water. Example: sugar
5 terms
Acids & Bases
acid
ion
base
pH scale
a substance that releases hydrogen ions in solution when it i…
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
a substance that releases hydroxide ions in solution.
used to identify how acidic or basic a substance is.
acid
a substance that releases hydrogen ions in solution when it i…
ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
6 terms
acids bases
acid
base
neutralization
pH scale
A substance that has pH below 7
A substance that has a pH above 7
The reaction of an acid with a base. It creates water and a s…
a measurement of how acidic or basic a solution is. acid is 0…
acid
A substance that has pH below 7
base
A substance that has a pH above 7
41 terms
Acids & Bases
pH scale
acids
bases
Arrhenius definition
a range of numbers that measure [H+] 0 to 14, 7 is neutral
low pH (less than 7), dissociate H⁺ ion... ex: lemon, battery (s…
high pH (more than 7), dissociate OH⁻ ion... ex: ammonia (windex…
acids add more H⁺ to solution, ... bases add more OH⁻ to solution
pH scale
a range of numbers that measure [H+] 0 to 14, 7 is neutral
acids
low pH (less than 7), dissociate H⁺ ion... ex: lemon, battery (s…
15 terms
Acids & Bases
Hydrogen
Sour
Bitter
Soapy or Slippery
Acids always contain this element
Solutions of acids taste ..................
Solutions of bases taste .................
Solutions of bases feel .................
Hydrogen
Acids always contain this element
Sour
Solutions of acids taste ..................
20 terms
Acids & Bases
Hydrogen
Red
Below
Sour
Acids always contain this element
The color acids turn litmus paper
Acids have a pH ABOVE/BELOW 7
Solutions of acids taste ..................
Hydrogen
Acids always contain this element
Red
The color acids turn litmus paper
19 terms
Acids & Bases
Hydrogen
Red
Below
Sour
Acids always contain this element
The colour acids turn litmus paper
Acids have a pH ABOVE/BELOW 7
Solutions of acids taste ..................
Hydrogen
Acids always contain this element
Red
The colour acids turn litmus paper
81 terms
Acids & Bases
Acids have a ___ taste. Bases have a _…
Arrhenius Definition of Acid
Arrhenius Definition of Base
Problems with the Arrhenius Definition
sour; bitter; soap; NH₃; KOH
•Acids dissociate in water to produce H⁺ ions... •HA(aq) → H⁺(aq…
•Bases dissociate in water to produce OH⁻ ions... •BOH(aq) → OH⁻…
1) Only true for bases that contain OH⁻ (Many bases do not ha…
Acids have a ___ taste. Bases have a _…
sour; bitter; soap; NH₃; KOH
Arrhenius Definition of Acid
•Acids dissociate in water to produce H⁺ ions... •HA(aq) → H⁺(aq…
Acids & Bases
Universal Indicator, Litmus Paper, Red…
Sour
Bitter
Red
Name 4 potential acid/base indicators
What do acids taste like?
What do bases taste like?
What colour will litmus paper change to in the presence of ac…
Universal Indicator, Litmus Paper, Red…
Name 4 potential acid/base indicators
Sour
What do acids taste like?
Acids & Bases
Acid
Bases
pH scale
Buffers
molecules dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen (H+) ions-…
molecules that take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ion…
indicates acidity and basicity (alkalinity) of a solution
keep pH steady and within normal limits in living organisms
Acid
molecules dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen (H+) ions-…
Bases
molecules that take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ion…
39 terms
Acids & Bases
ACID
ACID
14
BASE
I am corrosive. Acid or Base?
I am sour. Acid or Base?
The number of measuring units on the pH scale
I am caustic. Acid or Base?
ACID
I am corrosive. Acid or Base?
ACID
I am sour. Acid or Base?
15 terms
Acids/Bases
Acid
Base
Indicator
Solution
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
A substance that DECREASES the hydrogen ion concentration in…
A compound that changes color in the presence of an acid or a…
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
Acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Base
A substance that DECREASES the hydrogen ion concentration in…
25 terms
Acids & Bases
Hydrogen
Red
Below
Sour
Acids always contain this element
The colour acids turn litmus paper
Acids have a pH ABOVE/BELOW 7
Solutions of acids taste ..................
Hydrogen
Acids always contain this element
Red
The colour acids turn litmus paper
10 terms
Acids & Bases
acid
amphoteric
base
binary acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
an acid that does not contain oxygen
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
amphoteric
describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties…
Acids and Bases
Acids/Bases
Acids
Acids
Acids
Electrolytes
sour tastes
turn litmus red
reacts with metals to form H2 gas
Acids/Bases
Electrolytes
Acids
sour tastes
13 terms
Acids & Bases
Acid
Aqueous
Strong acid
Weak acid
A substance that releases H+ ions in an aqueous solution
Another word for water
Breaks down completely in water and gives off many H+ ions
Only partially breaks down. It gives off much less H+ than a…
Acid
A substance that releases H+ ions in an aqueous solution
Aqueous
Another word for water
13 terms
Acids & Bases
Acid
Aqueous
Strong acid
Weak acid
A substance that releases H+ ions in an aqueous solution
Another word for water
Breaks down completely in water and gives off many H+ ions
Only partially breaks down. It gives off much less H+ than a…
Acid
A substance that releases H+ ions in an aqueous solution
Aqueous
Another word for water
Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
suspension
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
16 terms
Acids/Bases
Nitric Acid
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrobromic Acid
Hydroiodic Acid
(Strong)
(Strong)
(Strong)
(Strong)
Nitric Acid
(Strong)
Hydrochloric Acid
(Strong)
Acids and Bases
solute
solvent
solution
H+ ion
Substance being dissolved
Substance that does the dissolving
A homogeneous mixture that forms when one substance dissolves…
A hydrogen ion (causes substance to be acidic)
solute
Substance being dissolved
solvent
Substance that does the dissolving
17 terms
acids and bases
acid
base
amphiprotic
weak
proton donor
proton acceptor
substance that can act as an acid or base
substance that partially dissociates in water
acid
proton donor
base
proton acceptor
81 terms
Acids & Bases
Because water is _____.... H₂O + H₂O ↔ H₃…
The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation con…
When any acid or base is added to a bu…
What is the pH of pure water?
amphoteric
weak acid; conjugate base
equilibrium
7
Because water is _____.... H₂O + H₂O ↔ H₃…
amphoteric
The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation con…
weak acid; conjugate base
acids and bases
acid
base
salt
electrolyte
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Compound that produces hydroxide ions (OH-) in a solution.
A compound resulting from the formation of an ionic bond; als…
Chemically, electrolytes are substances that become ions in s…
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
base
Compound that produces hydroxide ions (OH-) in a solution.
14 terms
Acids Bases
chemical reaction
precipitate
chemical bond
diatomic
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A solid that forms and settles out of a liquid mixture
the force that holds two atoms together
a molecule consisting of two atoms
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
precipitate
A solid that forms and settles out of a liquid mixture
Acids and Bases
acid
base
pH
litmus paper (red/blue)
sour, sharp taste... corrosive... pH below 7
bitter, slippery... pH above 7
scale of strength of acids and bases (0-14)... 0-6 acid... 7 neutra…
paper that turns reD in aciD and Blue in Base
acid
sour, sharp taste... corrosive... pH below 7
base
bitter, slippery... pH above 7
24 terms
Acids and bases
Acid
Lab acids
Bases
Lab bases
They tend to have a sour or sharp taste
Sulfuric and Hydrochloric
Opposite of acid, have a soapy feeling
Limewater and Sodium hydroxide
Acid
They tend to have a sour or sharp taste
Lab acids
Sulfuric and Hydrochloric
23 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
15 terms
Acids and Bases
pH scale
universal indicator
acids
strong acids (H+ ions)... (pH 0,1)
scale which usually runs from 0 to 14 and measures the acidit…
The pH scale and colours as a pH of a solution changes
- sour... - soluble in water... - corrosive
- hydrochloric acid(HCl) ... - sulphuric acid(H2SO4)... - nitric ac…
pH scale
scale which usually runs from 0 to 14 and measures the acidit…
universal indicator
The pH scale and colours as a pH of a solution changes
20 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
15 terms
Acids and bases
Acid
Lab acids
Bases
Lab bases
They tend to have a sour or sharp taste
Sulfuric and Hydrochloric
Opposite of acid, have a soapy feeling
Soap and Ammonia
Acid
They tend to have a sour or sharp taste
Lab acids
Sulfuric and Hydrochloric
20 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
16 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions (H at the beginning of the…
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions (OH at the end of the for…
58 terms
Acids + Bases
What does acid-base balance affect?
Define acidema
Define acidosis
Define alkalemia
allows for normal cellular function... enzyme activity... membrane…
condition of excess acid in the blood consistent with a pH <…
conditions that produce excess acid in the blood
condition of excess base in the blood consistent with a pH >…
What does acid-base balance affect?
allows for normal cellular function... enzyme activity... membrane…
Define acidema
condition of excess acid in the blood consistent with a pH <…
30 terms
ACIDS AND BASES
acid
base
neutralisation
OH-
something that gives off H+ ions when mixed with water
something that gives off OH+ ions when mixed with water
an acid-base reaction that produces a salt and water
hydroxide ion
acid
something that gives off H+ ions when mixed with water
base
something that gives off OH+ ions when mixed with water
15 terms
Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
pH scale
pH
Any compound that contains H+ ions : pH 0-6
Any compound that contains OH- ions : pH 8-14
scale from 0-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of a subs…
The value that is used to express the acidity or basicity of…
Acid
Any compound that contains H+ ions : pH 0-6
Base
Any compound that contains OH- ions : pH 8-14
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