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Study sets matching "basic biology chapter 8"

54 terms
Basic Biology: Chapter 8
Animal
Radial Symmetry
Bilateral Symmetry
Porifera
kingdom of multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotes with tiss…
have no front and back or a right and a left side, circular;…
individuals with cephalization, which means they have a head…
phylum of sessile suspension feeders commonly called sponges
Animal
kingdom of multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotes with tiss…
Radial Symmetry
have no front and back or a right and a left side, circular;…
28 terms
BioBasics Chapter 8: Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Principle of Dominance
F2 generation
segregation
He is considered the "Father of Genetics"
States that some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
When Mendel crossed his pea plants, these were the offspring'…
The separation of alleles during gamete formation
Gregor Mendel
He is considered the "Father of Genetics"
Principle of Dominance
States that some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
66 terms
chapter 8 Biology
plant cells in mitosis
meiosis
cancer
cancer cells
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
disease of the cell cycle
do not respond normally to the cell cycle control system... can…
plant cells in mitosis
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 8
peristalsis
chyme
gallbladder
bile
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
The digestive organ that stores bile.
A substance made in the liver that breaks down fats.
peristalsis
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
chyme
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
35 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
anaphase
organs
organ systems
organisms
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Organs that work together to perform the same function are or…
Organ systems that work together to perform the same function…
anaphase
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
organs
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8
adenosine triphosphate
aerobic process
aerobic respiration
anaerobic process
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
metabolic process that requires oxygen
metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
metabolic process that does not require oxygen
adenosine triphosphate
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
aerobic process
metabolic process that requires oxygen
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Heredity
F1 Generation
Genetics
F2 Generation
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Offspring of the F1 generation
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
F1 Generation
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ATP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
photosynthesis
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
use energy in sunlight to make OWN food
process that uses light energy to produce food molecules
ATP
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
Heterotrophs
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
Voc Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
histone
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
29 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Kinetic energy
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
An metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down co…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Catabolic pathways
An metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down co…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Biochemical Pathway
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
-Light gathering biochemical pathway... -Fixes CO2 to make sugar…
-Series of enzyme controlled reaction which produce products…
-Producer... -Plant
-Consumer (of organic compounds)... -Animal
Photosynthesis
-Light gathering biochemical pathway... -Fixes CO2 to make sugar…
Biochemical Pathway
-Series of enzyme controlled reaction which produce products…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Human Body Systems
arteries
voluntary muscles
excretory system
fatty layer
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
muscles you can control.
a series of organs that get rid of cell wastes in the form of…
protects the body's organs and keeps in heat.
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
voluntary muscles
muscles you can control.
57 terms
Basic Biomechanics chapter 8
mechanics
Biomechanics
statics
Dynamics
study of forces and the motion produced by their action
taking principles and methods of mechanics and applying them…
deals with nonmoving systems
moving systems, can be divided into kinetics and kinematics
mechanics
study of forces and the motion produced by their action
Biomechanics
taking principles and methods of mechanics and applying them…
14 terms
Basic Principals of the U.S. Government - Chapter 8
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
U.S. Constitution
federal republic
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
"The supreme law of the land." Written in 1787 at Philadelphi…
a union of states with a republican/representative type gover…
Articles of Confederation
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
17 terms
Chapter 8 - Basic Nutrients
calorie
carbohydrate
cholesterol
essential amino acid
unit of energy or heat that describes the amount of energy in…
one of the six major classes of nutrients composed of sugar,…
waxy, fatlike substance found in meat, dairy products, and eg…
one of the nine amino acids that must be eaten in the diet fo…
calorie
unit of energy or heat that describes the amount of energy in…
carbohydrate
one of the six major classes of nutrients composed of sugar,…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
56 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
29 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8...Howland
Asexual reproduction
anaphase
mitotic spindles
cleavage furrow
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
the part of mitosis when the chromatids are being separated t…
equally separates and protects the chromatids during nuclear…
the region of the animal cell that begins pinching the cell i…
Asexual reproduction
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
anaphase
the part of mitosis when the chromatids are being separated t…
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
19 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
28 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
Describe Cell cycle
Purpose of DNA
3 parts of interphase and what happens…
Difference between G1 and G0
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains t…
The cell cycle has three phases that must occur before mitosi…
G0 phase is also called as interphase which is the resting ph…
Describe Cell cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Purpose of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains t…
48 terms
Chapter 8 Basic Tissues
Histology
Cell
Tissue
Organ
The study of microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues.
Smallest living unit
Collection of similarly specialized cells that have similar c…
Tissues bonded together to perform a specific function.
Histology
The study of microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues.
Cell
Smallest living unit
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
stroma
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
the region outside thylakoid membranes
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
29 terms
Chapter 8- Basic Biomechanics
Mechanics
biomechanics
statics
dynamics
study of forces and motion produced by their actions
applying mechanics to the structure and function of the human…
forces associated with nonmoving systems
factors associated with moving systems
Mechanics
study of forces and motion produced by their actions
biomechanics
applying mechanics to the structure and function of the human…
26 terms
Chapter 8: Basic Biomechanics
Laws of Inertia
Inertia
Law of Acceleration
Law of Reaction
-A body in motion tends to remain in motion at the same speed…
Resistance to action or change
-A change in the acceleration of a body occurs in the same di…
-For every action, there is an opposite and equal rxn. ... -The…
Laws of Inertia
-A body in motion tends to remain in motion at the same speed…
Inertia
Resistance to action or change
22 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Hypertonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Isotonic solution
Interphase
When the solution on the outside of a cell has a higher conce…
When the solution on the outside of the cell has a lower conc…
When the concentration of the solutes is equal both inside th…
The phase of the cell cycle when the cell is preparing for mi…
Hypertonic solution
When the solution on the outside of a cell has a higher conce…
Hypotonic solution
When the solution on the outside of the cell has a lower conc…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
48 terms
chapter 8 biology
nutrients
nutrition
minerals
absorption
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
chemical elements that organisms need for normal functioning
Digested products moving into blood stream, picked up by the…
nutrients
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
42 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 8 (energy)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
all of an organism's chemical reactions
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
break down of complex molecules into simple ones (releases en…
building of complex molecules from simple ones (requires ener…
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
23 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.3
corpus callosum
cerebral palsy
medulla oblongata
pons
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
A portion of the brainstem that regulates vital functions, in…
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum…
corpus callosum
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
cerebral palsy
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
42 terms
Campbell Essential Biology Chapter 8
cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
single-celled organisms reproduce by dividing in half, and th…
requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm, use Miosis
cell division
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
Chromosomes
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
27 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 8
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Glucose
Heterotrophs
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
ATP is great for transferring energy but not storing. Glucose…
Organisms that get their food by absorbing other living thing…
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
101 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8 review
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
41 terms
Chapter 8- Basic Biomechanics
Biomechanics
Kinematics divided into two 2 categories
osteokinematics
arthrokinematics
takes principles of mechanics and applies them to the body
osteokinematics and arthrokinematics
joint motion
joint surface motion
Biomechanics
takes principles of mechanics and applies them to the body
Kinematics divided into two 2 categories
osteokinematics and arthrokinematics
21 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8. Metabolism only.
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
32 terms
Basics of Biblical Hebrew Chapter 8
tent
(adj) another
how?
(rel pron) who, that
tent
(adj) another
37 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.5
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
Each half of the chromosome... one of the two strands of a chro…
a region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are…
chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
histone
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Enzymes
Active Site
Induced Fit
Competitive inhibitors
Noncompetitive inhibitors
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
Chemicals compete with substrates for the active site. This d…
Does not attach at the active site, but binds to another site…
Active Site
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
Induced Fit
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
10 terms
Basic Biology Chapter 8 part 1
The two laws of thermodynamics state
What is the difference between an anab…
Explain the relationship between anabo…
How do photosynthesis and cellular res…
Energy can be converted from one form to another but it canno…
Catabolic pathways release energy by breaking down larger mol…
The continual flow of energy within an organism results from…
Photosynthesis is the anabolic pathway producing oxygen and g…
The two laws of thermodynamics state
Energy can be converted from one form to another but it canno…
What is the difference between an anab…
Catabolic pathways release energy by breaking down larger mol…
8 terms
Vocab Basics Chapter 8
ability (noun)
create (v)
damage (noun)
failure (noun)
a special skill or talent
to make
harm
something that doesn't turn out well
ability (noun)
a special skill or talent
create (v)
to make
Chapter 8 Basic Bio
Allele
Codominance
Continuous Variation
Dihybrid
one of two or more variants of a gene that determines a parti…
in a heterozygote, complete and simultaneous expression of bo…
a variation in a characteristic in which individuals show a r…
the result of a cross between two true-breeding parents that…
Allele
one of two or more variants of a gene that determines a parti…
Codominance
in a heterozygote, complete and simultaneous expression of bo…
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary Cellular Energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Ability to do work
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
All of the chemical reactions in a cell are referred to as...
Anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is conver…
Energy
Ability to do work
Thermodynamics
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
23 terms
Biology Chapter 8.1-8-4
chyme
peristalsis
bile
gallbladder
Liquid food in the digestive tract that is partly digested.
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
A substance made in the liver that breaks down fat.
The digestive organ attached to the liver that stores bile.
chyme
Liquid food in the digestive tract that is partly digested.
peristalsis
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
23 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8 Enzymes only
enzyme
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
A protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
A substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction…
The amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur.
The reactant on which an enzyme works.
enzyme
A protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
catalyst
A substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ENERGY
THERMODYNAMICS
METABOLISM
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism.
Two-phase anabolic pathway in which the Sun's light energy is…
ENERGY
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
THERMODYNAMICS
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
8 terms
Vocabulary Basics Chapter 8
Ability
To create
Damage
Failure
A special power (noun)
To make (verb)
Harm (noun)
Something that doesn't turn out well (noun)
Ability
A special power (noun)
To create
To make (verb)
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