Study sets matching "basic chemistry vocabulary concepts hydrocarbons"

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Study sets matching "basic chemistry vocabulary concepts hydrocarbons"

46 terms
Chemistry - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds.
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
42 terms
CHEMISTRY - BASIC CONCEPTS & HYDROCARBONS
Free Radical Substituition
Radical
Mechanism
Substitution
The reaction between an alkane & a halogen in the presence of…
A particle that has at least one unpaired electron.
Shows the movement of electrons in a chemical reaction
A reaction in which an atom is replaced by another atom
Free Radical Substituition
The reaction between an alkane & a halogen in the presence of…
Radical
A particle that has at least one unpaired electron.
90 terms
AS OCR Chemistry: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Empirical formula
Molecular formula
General formula
Structural formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
Chemistry Unit 2 : Basic Concepts And Hydrocarbons
General Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Structural Formula
It is an algebraic formula that can describe any member of a…
The simplest ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
Shows the atoms carbon by carbon, with the attached hydrogen'…
General Formula
It is an algebraic formula that can describe any member of a…
Empirical Formula
The simplest ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
39 terms
Chemistry AS - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
What is a homologous series?
What is molecular formula?
What is empirical formula?
What is structural formula?
A family of compounds that have the same structural group and…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
Shows the atoms carbon by carbon, while attached hydrogen and…
What is a homologous series?
A family of compounds that have the same structural group and…
What is molecular formula?
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
Organic Chemistry - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Define general formula
Define structural formula
Define Skeletal formula
Define Displayed formula
An algebraic formula that can describe any member of a family…
Shows the arrangements of atoms carbon by carbon, with the at…
Shows the bonds of the carbon skeletal only, with any functio…
Shows how all the atoms are arranged, and all the bonds betwe…
Define general formula
An algebraic formula that can describe any member of a family…
Define structural formula
Shows the arrangements of atoms carbon by carbon, with the at…
Chemistry 4.1 - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
4.1.1 Naming organic chemicals
What is nomenclature?
What is a homologous series?
What are aliphatic hydrocarbons?
...
Nomenclature is the system of naming compounds developed by T…
A homologous series is a series of organic compounds that hav…
Aliphatic hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons in which the carbon a…
4.1.1 Naming organic chemicals
...
What is nomenclature?
Nomenclature is the system of naming compounds developed by T…
AS Chemistry OCR A: Unit 2:1 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds.
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
AS OCR Chemistry F322: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Empirical formula
Molecular formula
General formula
Structural formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
46 terms
AS Chemistry OCR A: Unit 2:1 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds.
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
BASIC CONCEPTS AND HYDROCARBONS
NOMENCLATURE
FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
AROMATIC COMPOUNDS
ALIPHATIC COMPOUNDS
fancy word for naming organic compounds
group of atoms that are responcible for the characteristic re…
organic compound that contains a benzene ring
an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen joined…
NOMENCLATURE
fancy word for naming organic compounds
FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
group of atoms that are responcible for the characteristic re…
96 terms
Module 4 Core Organic Chemistry Basic Concepts and hydrocarbons
What is the name of the system for nam…
What is a homologous series?
What is a functional group?
What is an aliphatic hydrocarbon?
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC…
Families of organic chemicals with the same *functional group…
A group of atoms in a molecule responsible for the *charact…
a hydrocarbon with carbon toms joined together in straight
What is the name of the system for nam…
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC…
What is a homologous series?
Families of organic chemicals with the same *functional group…
38 terms
4. Basic concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
A Saturated Hydrocarbon
an unsaturated hydrocarbon
an aliphatic hydrocarbon
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
a hydrocarbon containing only single bonds
a hydrocarbon containing double bonds
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A Saturated Hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon containing only single bonds
44 terms
Chemistry OCR - 2.1 - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
A saturated hydrocarbon
An unsaturated hydrocarbon
An aliphatic hydrocarbon
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
a hydrocarbon containing carbon to carbon multiple bonds
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A saturated hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
AS Chemistry OCR Unit 2 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Addition polymerisation
Addition reaction
Alicyclic hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
37 terms
Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated Hydrocarbons
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A saturated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
An unsaturated hydrocarbons containing carbon to carbon multi…
An aliphatic hydrocarbons is a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated Hydrocarbons
A saturated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
33 terms
AS Chemistry OCR Unit 2 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Addition polymerisation
Addition reaction
Alicyclic hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
35 terms
Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Nomenclature
General formula
Homologous series
Aromatic compound
A word for naming organic compounds
An algebraic formula that can describe any member of a homolo…
A family of organic compounds that have the same general form…
An organic compound that contains a benzene ring
Nomenclature
A word for naming organic compounds
General formula
An algebraic formula that can describe any member of a homolo…
44 terms
Basic concepts and hydrocarbons definitions
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
An organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbon
An organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
28 terms
Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
E/Z isomerism
Stereoisomers
Percentage Yield
Atom Economy
Type of stereoisomerism, lack of rotation around C=C... When the…
Same structural formula but a different arrangement in space
Actual Yield/Theoretical Yield x 100%
Molecular mass of desired product/Sum of molecular masses of…
E/Z isomerism
Type of stereoisomerism, lack of rotation around C=C... When the…
Stereoisomers
Same structural formula but a different arrangement in space
2:1. Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons OCR AS Chemistry
Functional group
4
1
2
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions…
How many bonds can carbon form?
How many bonds can hydrogen form?
How many bonds can oxygen form?
Functional group
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions…
4
How many bonds can carbon form?
AS Chemistry OCR Unit 2 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Empirical Forumla
Molecular Formula
General Formula
Structural Formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical Forumla
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular Formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Structural isomers
Alkanes
Boiling points of Alkanes
Burning (oxidise) alkanes
1. Chain isomers- arranged differently e.g. straight or branc…
• CnH2n+2... • Saturated (single bonds)
1. Alkanes have covalent bonds inside the molecule. Between t…
• Burn alkanes with oxygen you get Carbon dioxide and water (…
Structural isomers
1. Chain isomers- arranged differently e.g. straight or branc…
Alkanes
• CnH2n+2... • Saturated (single bonds)
15 terms
Chemistry: unit 2-m1- basic concepts of hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds.
A Hydrocarbon containing carbon to carbon multiple bonds.
A Hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated Hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds.
4.1: BASIC CONCEPTS AND HYDROCARBONS
3 ways carbon atoms can be arranged
6 types of formulae
Structural formula
Displayed formula
Straight chains... Branched chains... Rings
Molecular formula... Empirical formula... Structural formula... Displa…
The minimal detail using conventional groups for an unambiguo…
Shows both the relative placing of atoms and the number of bo…
3 ways carbon atoms can be arranged
Straight chains... Branched chains... Rings
6 types of formulae
Molecular formula... Empirical formula... Structural formula... Displa…
6 terms
4.1 Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
organic chemistry
hydrocarbon
saturated hydrocarbon
unsaturated hydrocarbon
the chemistry of carbon compounds excluding its common oxides
a compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
a hydrocarbon with single carbon-carbon bonds only
a hydrocarbon with multiple carbon-carbon bonds
organic chemistry
the chemistry of carbon compounds excluding its common oxides
hydrocarbon
a compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
4.1 Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Nomenclature
Homologous Series
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
Alicyclic Hydrocarbon
the naming system for compounds
a series of organic compounds that have the same functional g…
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a straight…
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
Nomenclature
the naming system for compounds
Homologous Series
a series of organic compounds that have the same functional g…
32 terms
4.1: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
NOMENCLATURE
HOMOLOGOUS SERIES
ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBON
ALICYCLIC HYDROCARBON
is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical c…
a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same ge…
An aliphatic compound is a hydrocarbon compound containing ca…
An alicyclic compound is an organic compound that is both ali…
NOMENCLATURE
is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical c…
HOMOLOGOUS SERIES
a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same ge…
Unit 2: Module 1: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
aliphatic hydrocarbon
alicyclic hydrocarbon
homologous series
structural isomers
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
molecules with the same molecular formula but with different…
aliphatic hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
alicyclic hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
F322 - basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Homologous Series
Functional Group
Structural Isomers
Stereoisomers
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
the part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical…
compounds with the same molecular formula but different... struc…
compounds with the same structural formula but with a differe…
Homologous Series
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
Functional Group
the part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical…
11 terms
Unit #2 basic chemistry and hydrocarbons
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Ions
Hydrocarbon
A bond between two or more atoms in which they share electrons.
A bond between two or more atoms in which electrons are trans…
Atoms that have gained or lost electrons... A. Anion-Ion that h…
Any molecule that is composed of hydrogen and carbon only
Covalent bond
A bond between two or more atoms in which they share electrons.
Ionic bond
A bond between two or more atoms in which electrons are trans…
38 terms
AS Module 4 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Addition polymerisation
Addition reaction
Alicyclic hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
36 terms
4.1.1 Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
What's a hydrocarbon?
What is a homologous series? Give an e…
What is meant by a functional group?
What three groups can hyrdrocarbons be…
Hydrocarbon= compound containing carbon and hydrogen atoms on…
A homologous series is a family of organic compounds with sim…
A functional group is the part of the organic molecule that i…
Aliphatic: carbon atoms are joined to each other in unbranche…
What's a hydrocarbon?
Hydrocarbon= compound containing carbon and hydrogen atoms on…
What is a homologous series? Give an e…
A homologous series is a family of organic compounds with sim…
Chains, Energy & Resources - 1. Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a straight…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
Hydrocarbon/Organic Chemistry Vocabulary
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
Alkanes
Alkyl group
Alkenes
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
CnH2n+2
An alkane with a hydrogen atom removed
CnH2n
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Alkanes
CnH2n+2
57 terms
F322 - Module 1: Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Define 'empirical formula'.
Define 'molecular formula'.
Define 'general formula'.
Define 'structural formula'.
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Define 'empirical formula'.
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Define 'molecular formula'.
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
42 terms
Unit 2 module 1 basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
A saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
Are organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Hydrocarbon that only contains single bonds
Hydrocarbon contain carbon to carbon multiple bonds
Is a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straigh…
Hydrocarbons
Are organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A saturated hydrocarbon
Hydrocarbon that only contains single bonds
Unit 2; module 1: basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Alkene (ene)
Halogenoalkane (chloro,bromo,iodo)
alcohol (ol or hydroxy)
aldehyde (al)
C=C
r-x
r-oh
r-c=o ... h
Alkene (ene)
C=C
Halogenoalkane (chloro,bromo,iodo)
r-x
Basic Formulas & Chemistry Concepts
Density... Ex: How much Density does a 3…
Celcius (°C)
Fahrenheit (°F)
Kelvin (K)
Mass ÷ Volume... d=m÷v... 301g ÷ 15.6cm^3... = 19.3 g/cm^3... * Bonus…
0 = frozen... 100 = Boiling
T(°F) = 0°C × 9/5 + 32 = 32 °F... Degrees°C × 9/5 + 32 = Degree…
0(C) = 273.15 (k) ... ± 273.15 from Celcius
Density... Ex: How much Density does a 3…
Mass ÷ Volume... d=m÷v... 301g ÷ 15.6cm^3... = 19.3 g/cm^3... * Bonus…
Celcius (°C)
0 = frozen... 100 = Boiling
28 terms
Chapter 1: Basic Concepts of Chemistry (Vocabulary)
Hypothesis
Quantitative Information
Qualitative Information
Law
A tentative explanation or prediction in accord with current…
Numerical data (ex: mass, temperature, height)
Observational data (ex: color, texture)
A concise, verbal or mathematical statement of behavior. Coul…
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation or prediction in accord with current…
Quantitative Information
Numerical data (ex: mass, temperature, height)
Chemistry: Basic Concepts of Chemistry
What is the study of matter, its prope…
What is the term of any substance that…
What are the 3 forms of matter?
Solids
Chemistry
Matter
Solids... Liquids ... Gases
-Relatively dense.... -Have a definite shape and volume.... -Have v…
What is the study of matter, its prope…
Chemistry
What is the term of any substance that…
Matter
10 terms
Chemistry Final Study Guide: Vocabulary and Basic Concepts
pH and pOH
[H+], [OH-] in neutral water
Kw value
Keq equation, what does it stand for
Acidity, add up to 14
10^-7, [] = concentration
10^-14
Products/Reactions in an equilibrium
pH and pOH
Acidity, add up to 14
[H+], [OH-] in neutral water
10^-7, [] = concentration
17 terms
1. Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Why study chemistry?
scientific method
physical properties
chemical properties
important understanding of the world and how it works, unders…
a systematic approach to solving problems
can be observed without
can only be observed when
Why study chemistry?
important understanding of the world and how it works, unders…
scientific method
a systematic approach to solving problems
Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry
Homologous series
Functional group
Aldehyde
Ketone
A family of compounds with similar chemical properties and wh…
Is a part of an organic molecule that is largely responsible…
-CHO ... -al
-C(CO)C-... -One
Homologous series
A family of compounds with similar chemical properties and wh…
Functional group
Is a part of an organic molecule that is largely responsible…
21 terms
Lecture Notes Basic Concepts and Vocabulary- Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Three States of Matter
Solid
chemistry is the study of matter and the changes they undergo
matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
solid, liquid, gas
a substance with a definite volume and shape, the molecules a…
Chemistry
chemistry is the study of matter and the changes they undergo
Matter
matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic concepts of Chemistry
1.1 Chemistry and its menthod
1.3
1.4
1.5
1. Hypotheses is an observation... 2. A law is created when that…
1. All matter is in a state, liquid, solid, or gas... 2. Melting…
1. Element ( substances made of one type of atom)
1. Compund ( A pure substance made of different elements held…
1.1 Chemistry and its menthod
1. Hypotheses is an observation... 2. A law is created when that…
1.3
1. All matter is in a state, liquid, solid, or gas... 2. Melting…
19 terms
basic concepts of chemistry
hypothesis
matter
law
theory
tentative explanation or prediction in accord with current kn…
anything with volume and mass
concise verbal or mathmaticle statement of behavior or a rela…
well-tested, unifying principle that explains a body of facts…
hypothesis
tentative explanation or prediction in accord with current kn…
matter
anything with volume and mass
36 terms
Basic concepts in Chemistry
Matter
Liquids
Solids
Gasses
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
Has volume but no shape of their own.
Have both form and volume.
Have neither shape or volume of their own.
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
Liquids
Has volume but no shape of their own.
11 terms
Basic Chemistry Concepts
atomic number
atomic mass
mass number
atomic weight
number of protons
mass of a specific isotope of an element expressed in units o…
number of protons plus number of neutrons (close to atomic ma…
average of the atomic masses of all stable isotopes of a give…
atomic number
number of protons
atomic mass
mass of a specific isotope of an element expressed in units o…
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