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Study sets matching "basic chemistry vocabulary concepts hydrocarbons"

46 terms
Chemistry - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds.
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
42 terms
CHEMISTRY - BASIC CONCEPTS & HYDROCARBONS
Free Radical Substituition
Radical
Mechanism
Substitution
The reaction between an alkane & a halogen in the presence of…
A particle that has at least one unpaired electron.
Shows the movement of electrons in a chemical reaction
A reaction in which an atom is replaced by another atom
Free Radical Substituition
The reaction between an alkane & a halogen in the presence of…
Radical
A particle that has at least one unpaired electron.
39 terms
Chemistry AS - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
What is a homologous series?
What is molecular formula?
What is empirical formula?
What is structural formula?
A family of compounds that have the same structural group and…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
Shows the atoms carbon by carbon, while attached hydrogen and…
What is a homologous series?
A family of compounds that have the same structural group and…
What is molecular formula?
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
90 terms
AS OCR Chemistry: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Empirical formula
Molecular formula
General formula
Structural formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
58 terms
Chemistry Unit 2 : Basic Concepts And Hydrocarbons
General Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Structural Formula
It is an algebraic formula that can describe any member of a…
The simplest ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
Shows the atoms carbon by carbon, with the attached hydrogen'…
General Formula
It is an algebraic formula that can describe any member of a…
Empirical Formula
The simplest ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
85 terms
Chemistry 4.1 - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
4.1.1 Naming organic chemicals
What is nomenclature?
What is a homologous series?
What are aliphatic hydrocarbons?
...
Nomenclature is the system of naming compounds developed by T…
A homologous series is a series of organic compounds that hav…
Aliphatic hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons in which the carbon a…
4.1.1 Naming organic chemicals
...
What is nomenclature?
Nomenclature is the system of naming compounds developed by T…
44 terms
Chemistry OCR - 2.1 - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
A saturated hydrocarbon
An unsaturated hydrocarbon
An aliphatic hydrocarbon
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
a hydrocarbon containing carbon to carbon multiple bonds
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A saturated hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
46 terms
AS Chemistry OCR A: Unit 2:1 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds.
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
AS OCR Chemistry F322: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Empirical formula
Molecular formula
General formula
Structural formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
BASIC CONCEPTS AND HYDROCARBONS
NOMENCLATURE
FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
AROMATIC COMPOUNDS
ALIPHATIC COMPOUNDS
fancy word for naming organic compounds
group of atoms that are responcible for the characteristic re…
organic compound that contains a benzene ring
an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen joined…
NOMENCLATURE
fancy word for naming organic compounds
FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
group of atoms that are responcible for the characteristic re…
96 terms
Module 4 Core Organic Chemistry Basic Concepts and hydrocarbons
What is the name of the system for nam…
What is a homologous series?
What is a functional group?
What is an aliphatic hydrocarbon?
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC…
Families of organic chemicals with the same *functional group…
A group of atoms in a molecule responsible for the *charact…
a hydrocarbon with carbon toms joined together in straight
What is the name of the system for nam…
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC…
What is a homologous series?
Families of organic chemicals with the same *functional group…
28 terms
Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
E/Z isomerism
Stereoisomers
Percentage Yield
Atom Economy
Type of stereoisomerism, lack of rotation around C=C... When the…
Same structural formula but a different arrangement in space
Actual Yield/Theoretical Yield x 100%
Molecular mass of desired product/Sum of molecular masses of…
E/Z isomerism
Type of stereoisomerism, lack of rotation around C=C... When the…
Stereoisomers
Same structural formula but a different arrangement in space
18 terms
AS Chemistry OCR Unit 2 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Empirical Forumla
Molecular Formula
General Formula
Structural Formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical Forumla
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular Formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
46 terms
AS Chemistry OCR A: Unit 2:1 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds.
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
35 terms
Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Nomenclature
General formula
Homologous series
Aromatic compound
A word for naming organic compounds
An algebraic formula that can describe any member of a homolo…
A family of organic compounds that have the same general form…
An organic compound that contains a benzene ring
Nomenclature
A word for naming organic compounds
General formula
An algebraic formula that can describe any member of a homolo…
38 terms
4. Basic concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
A Saturated Hydrocarbon
an unsaturated hydrocarbon
an aliphatic hydrocarbon
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
a hydrocarbon containing only single bonds
a hydrocarbon containing double bonds
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbons
organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A Saturated Hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon containing only single bonds
33 terms
AS Chemistry OCR Unit 2 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Addition polymerisation
Addition reaction
Alicyclic hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
44 terms
Basic concepts and hydrocarbons definitions
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
An organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbon
An organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
83 terms
2:1. Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons OCR AS Chemistry
Functional group
4
1
2
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions…
How many bonds can carbon form?
How many bonds can hydrogen form?
How many bonds can oxygen form?
Functional group
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions…
4
How many bonds can carbon form?
37 terms
Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated Hydrocarbons
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A saturated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
An unsaturated hydrocarbons containing carbon to carbon multi…
An aliphatic hydrocarbons is a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated Hydrocarbons
A saturated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon with single bonds only
38 terms
AS Chemistry OCR Unit 2 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Addition polymerisation
Addition reaction
Alicyclic hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
24 terms
Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Structural isomers
Alkanes
Boiling points of Alkanes
Burning (oxidise) alkanes
1. Chain isomers- arranged differently e.g. straight or branc…
• CnH2n+2... • Saturated (single bonds)
1. Alkanes have covalent bonds inside the molecule. Between t…
• Burn alkanes with oxygen you get Carbon dioxide and water (…
Structural isomers
1. Chain isomers- arranged differently e.g. straight or branc…
Alkanes
• CnH2n+2... • Saturated (single bonds)
15 terms
Chemistry: unit 2-m1- basic concepts of hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds.
A Hydrocarbon containing carbon to carbon multiple bonds.
A Hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only.
Saturated Hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds.
49 terms
4.1: BASIC CONCEPTS AND HYDROCARBONS
3 ways carbon atoms can be arranged
6 types of formulae
Structural formula
Displayed formula
Straight chains... Branched chains... Rings
Molecular formula... Empirical formula... Structural formula... Displa…
The minimal detail using conventional groups for an unambiguo…
Shows both the relative placing of atoms and the number of bo…
3 ways carbon atoms can be arranged
Straight chains... Branched chains... Rings
6 types of formulae
Molecular formula... Empirical formula... Structural formula... Displa…
32 terms
4.1: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
NOMENCLATURE
HOMOLOGOUS SERIES
ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBON
ALICYCLIC HYDROCARBON
is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical c…
a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same ge…
An aliphatic compound is a hydrocarbon compound containing ca…
An alicyclic compound is an organic compound that is both ali…
NOMENCLATURE
is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical c…
HOMOLOGOUS SERIES
a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same ge…
31 terms
4.1 Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Nomenclature
Homologous Series
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
Alicyclic Hydrocarbon
the naming system for compounds
a series of organic compounds that have the same functional g…
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a straight…
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
Nomenclature
the naming system for compounds
Homologous Series
a series of organic compounds that have the same functional g…
23 terms
#01 Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons Definitions
#01 Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons De…
Define... Empirical Formula
Define... Molecular Formula
Define... General Formula
...
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
#01 Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons De…
...
Define... Empirical Formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
11 terms
Unit #2 basic chemistry and hydrocarbons
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Ions
Hydrocarbon
A bond between two or more atoms in which they share electrons.
A bond between two or more atoms in which electrons are trans…
Atoms that have gained or lost electrons... A. Anion-Ion that h…
Any molecule that is composed of hydrogen and carbon only
Covalent bond
A bond between two or more atoms in which they share electrons.
Ionic bond
A bond between two or more atoms in which electrons are trans…
38 terms
AS Module 4 - Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Addition polymerisation
Addition reaction
Alicyclic hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkene molecules (monomers)…
Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated mol…
10 terms
F322 - basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Homologous Series
Functional Group
Structural Isomers
Stereoisomers
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
the part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical…
compounds with the same molecular formula but different... struc…
compounds with the same structural formula but with a differe…
Homologous Series
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
Functional Group
the part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical…
30 terms
Unit 2: Module 1: Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
aliphatic hydrocarbon
alicyclic hydrocarbon
homologous series
structural isomers
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
molecules with the same molecular formula but with different…
aliphatic hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
alicyclic hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring str…
90 terms
Chapter 4.1- Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Empirical formula
Molecular formula
General formula
Structural formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Empirical formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Molecular formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
57 terms
F322 - Module 1: Basic Concepts and Hydrocarbons
Define 'empirical formula'.
Define 'molecular formula'.
Define 'general formula'.
Define 'structural formula'.
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous se…
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
Define 'empirical formula'.
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element pres…
Define 'molecular formula'.
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
42 terms
Unit 2 module 1 basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
A saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
Are organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Hydrocarbon that only contains single bonds
Hydrocarbon contain carbon to carbon multiple bonds
Is a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straigh…
Hydrocarbons
Are organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A saturated hydrocarbon
Hydrocarbon that only contains single bonds
22 terms
Hydrocarbon/Organic Chemistry Vocabulary
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
Alkanes
Alkyl group
Alkenes
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
CnH2n+2
An alkane with a hydrogen atom removed
CnH2n
Aliphatic hydrocarbons
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in straight o…
Alkanes
CnH2n+2
22 terms
Unit 2; module 1: basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Alkene (ene)
Halogenoalkane (chloro,bromo,iodo)
alcohol (ol or hydroxy)
aldehyde (al)
C=C
r-x
r-oh
r-c=o ... h
Alkene (ene)
C=C
Halogenoalkane (chloro,bromo,iodo)
r-x
42 terms
F322- Basic concepts and hydrocarbons keywords
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Hydrocarbon with single bonds only
Hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds
Hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a straight o…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated hydrocarbon
Hydrocarbon with single bonds only
Chains, Energy & Resources - 1. Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Aliphatic hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
A hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds
A hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a straight…
Hydrocarbons
Organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen only
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only
21 terms
Lecture Notes Basic Concepts and Vocabulary- Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Three States of Matter
Solid
chemistry is the study of matter and the changes they undergo
matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
solid, liquid, gas
a substance with a definite volume and shape, the molecules a…
Chemistry
chemistry is the study of matter and the changes they undergo
Matter
matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
28 terms
Chapter 1: Basic Concepts of Chemistry (Vocabulary)
Hypothesis
Quantitative Information
Qualitative Information
Law
A tentative explanation or prediction in accord with current…
Numerical data (ex: mass, temperature, height)
Observational data (ex: color, texture)
A concise, verbal or mathematical statement of behavior. Coul…
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation or prediction in accord with current…
Quantitative Information
Numerical data (ex: mass, temperature, height)
10 terms
Chemistry Final Study Guide: Vocabulary and Basic Concepts
pH and pOH
[H+], [OH-] in neutral water
Kw value
Keq equation, what does it stand for
Acidity, add up to 14
10^-7, [] = concentration
10^-14
Products/Reactions in an equilibrium
pH and pOH
Acidity, add up to 14
[H+], [OH-] in neutral water
10^-7, [] = concentration
19 terms
Chemistry: Basic Concepts of Chemistry
What is the study of matter, its prope…
What is the term of any substance that…
What are the 3 forms of matter?
Solids
Chemistry
Matter
Solids... Liquids ... Gases
-Relatively dense.... -Have a definite shape and volume.... -Have v…
What is the study of matter, its prope…
Chemistry
What is the term of any substance that…
Matter
70 terms
Basic Concepts of Chemistry
A
C
H
Li
which of the following is a pure substance?... A. dry ice (solid…
which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a pure subs…
hydrogen
lithium
A
which of the following is a pure substance?... A. dry ice (solid…
C
which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a pure subs…
17 terms
1. Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Why study chemistry?
scientific method
physical properties
chemical properties
important understanding of the world and how it works, unders…
a systematic approach to solving problems
can be observed without
can only be observed when
Why study chemistry?
important understanding of the world and how it works, unders…
scientific method
a systematic approach to solving problems
40 terms
Basic Concepts of Chemistry
types of matter
pure substance
examples of pure substances
elements
solid... liquid... gas
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler
elements... compounds
substance by chemical reactions... composed of single type of atom
types of matter
solid... liquid... gas
pure substance
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler
39 terms
chemistry basic concepts
element
an element may consist of:
compound
a compound may consist of:
a substance that cannot be separated into anything simpler an…
separate atoms, simple covalent molecules or giant structures
a substance that consists of two or more elements chemically…
simple molecules, giant ionic structures or giant covalent st…
element
a substance that cannot be separated into anything simpler an…
an element may consist of:
separate atoms, simple covalent molecules or giant structures
13 terms
Basic concepts in Biology and Chemistry
cellulose
enzymes
alleles
homozygote
An organic compound, a polysaccharide consisting of linear ch…
globular proteins that speed up chemical reactions in living…
the alternative forms (or variants) of a gene
A eukaryotic individual that has two identical copies of a ge…
cellulose
An organic compound, a polysaccharide consisting of linear ch…
enzymes
globular proteins that speed up chemical reactions in living…
16 terms
Basic concepts of organic chemistry
hydrocarbon
saturated
unsaturated
homologous series
compound of hydrogen & carbon only
single bonds, alkanes
multiple bonds, alkenes
series of organic compounds with same functional group but ea…
hydrocarbon
compound of hydrogen & carbon only
saturated
single bonds, alkanes
25 terms
Chemistry - Vocabulary Chapter 20 - Hydrocarbon Compounds
Hydrocarbon
Alkane
Straight-Chain Alkane
Homologous Series
...
...
...
...
Hydrocarbon
...
Alkane
...
23 terms
Some basic concepts of chemistry
Chemistry
Element
Compound
Molecules of an element
Branch of science which deals with the composition, structure…
The purest form a substance which contains only one type of p…
Contains 2 or more elements combined together in a fixed rati…
Contains 2 or more atoms of the same element.... Eg. O2, Cl2, S8…
Chemistry
Branch of science which deals with the composition, structure…
Element
The purest form a substance which contains only one type of p…
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