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Study sets matching "basic counseling"

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Study sets matching "basic counseling"

22 terms
Basic counseling
Four requirements for true dialogue
SOLAR
Questions for Helpers on Visibly Tunin…
Non-verbal Channels of Communication o…
-Turn taking... -Connecting. ... -Mutual influencing.... -Co-creatin…
S: Face the client Squarely... -O: Adopt an Open posture... -L: Rem…
What are my attitudes toward this client? • How would I rate…
bodily behavior: posture, body movements, and gestures • eye…
Four requirements for true dialogue
-Turn taking... -Connecting. ... -Mutual influencing.... -Co-creatin…
SOLAR
S: Face the client Squarely... -O: Adopt an Open posture... -L: Rem…
31 terms
Basic Counseling
BASIC-ID
Clarification
Client Expectancies
Confrontation
Developed by Lazarus, this is an acronym used in multi-modal…
Basic counseling technique in which where the therapist provi…
The expectations that the client brings into therapy about wh…
Basic counseling technique in which the counselor calls the c…
BASIC-ID
Developed by Lazarus, this is an acronym used in multi-modal…
Clarification
Basic counseling technique in which where the therapist provi…
15 terms
Basic Counseling
What percent of communication is non v…
What is included in the working allian…
The common factors model includes?
Extra therapeutic factors are what per…
65%
Agreement goals, agreement tasks, emotional bond
Extra therapeutic factors, client hope, therapist skills, the…
40%
What percent of communication is non v…
65%
What is included in the working allian…
Agreement goals, agreement tasks, emotional bond
Basic Counselling
should our own multicultural biases in…
Counselling and interviewing are based…
Is 'failure' part of the RESPECTFUL ch…
In Dimenson 1...Cultural Competence an…
NO
skills, action, multicultural awareness
NO!!
NO
should our own multicultural biases in…
NO
Counselling and interviewing are based…
skills, action, multicultural awareness
35 terms
Counseling Basics
Housing Counseling
Housing Education
6 Types of Housing Counseling
Housing Counselor
Counselor to client assistance that addresses unique financia…
Formal classes with established curriculum and instructional…
1. Pre-purchase/ Homebuying... 2.Resolving or Preventing Mortgag…
A professional who provides advice and guidance to individual…
Housing Counseling
Counselor to client assistance that addresses unique financia…
Housing Education
Formal classes with established curriculum and instructional…
31 terms
Counseling: The Basics
preventing, managing, adjusting to, or…
o Gather & Convey Information... o Preven…
o Increased internal sense of control;…
1. Their CD may interfere with their a…
Assist a person or family member with understanding the commu…
What are the 10 purposes of counseling?... o ___________ & ____…
What are the 7 desired outcomes of counseling?... o Increased i…
What are three challenges of counseling in individuals with c…
preventing, managing, adjusting to, or…
Assist a person or family member with understanding the commu…
o Gather & Convey Information... o Preven…
What are the 10 purposes of counseling?... o ___________ & ____…
525: Basic Counseling Techniques
reflection of feeling
reflection of meaning
reframing
open ended ?'s
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
BCT: therpaist gives alternate perspective of what client has…
BCT: important foundation skill to promote greater client dis…
reflection of feeling
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
reflection of meaning
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
34 terms
525: Basic Counseling Techniques
reflection of feeling
reflection of meaning
reframing
open ended ?'s
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
BCT: therpaist gives alternate perspective of what client has…
BCT: important foundation skill to promote greater client dis…
reflection of feeling
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
reflection of meaning
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
78 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Midterm
5 key elements of being an effective h…
Beginning Stage Concerns
Interviewing
Counseling/Psychotherapy
1. accepting of others... 2. secure and mentally healthy ... 3. goo…
- there's no right or wrong answer... - it's not about memorizat…
a conversation where one person tries to obtain information f…
- professional helping services... - often begins with an interv…
5 key elements of being an effective h…
1. accepting of others... 2. secure and mentally healthy ... 3. goo…
Beginning Stage Concerns
- there's no right or wrong answer... - it's not about memorizat…
11 terms
Counseling theory Basic Philosophies
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Adlerian Therapy
Existential therapy
Person-centered therapy
Human beings are basically determined by psychic energy and b…
Human are motived by social interest, by striving toward goal…
The central focus is on the nature of the human condition, wh…
positive view of people; we have an inclination toward becomi…
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Human beings are basically determined by psychic energy and b…
Adlerian Therapy
Human are motived by social interest, by striving toward goal…
22 terms
Basic Counseling Skills
list the characteristics of effecting…
list how to prepare for termination
list why evaluating the effectiveness…
list the characteristics of constructi…
1.persistent... 2.practical... 3.short... 4.scripture
1.Feelings... 2.Unresolved... 3.referral... 4.several sessions
1.Insurance... 2.common sense... 3.ethical guidelines... 4.self confid…
1.specific ... 2.important... 3.positive ... 4.simple
list the characteristics of effecting…
1.persistent... 2.practical... 3.short... 4.scripture
list how to prepare for termination
1.Feelings... 2.Unresolved... 3.referral... 4.several sessions
10 terms
basic counseling skills
active listening
formula empathy
questioning
whats the purpose of an open ended que…
communicating through the use of positive nonverbals, signal…
you feel ______________because_______... it validates feelings... e…
using open ended questions to gain insight
purpose of using open ended questions is to help the other pe…
active listening
communicating through the use of positive nonverbals, signal…
formula empathy
you feel ______________because_______... it validates feelings... e…
34 terms
525: Basic Counseling Techniques
reflection of feeling
reflection of meaning
reframing
open ended ?'s
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
BCT: therpaist gives alternate perspective of what client has…
BCT: important foundation skill to promote greater client dis…
reflection of feeling
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
reflection of meaning
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
12 terms
Basic counseling skills
Attending
observation
encouraging
paraphrasing
Description: eye contact, vocal qualities, verbal tracking an…
noticing ones own and the clients verbal and nonverbal behavi…
means to help a client continue to talk; verbal repeating key…
saying back to the client the essence of what has just been s…
Attending
Description: eye contact, vocal qualities, verbal tracking an…
observation
noticing ones own and the clients verbal and nonverbal behavi…
26 terms
basic counseling skills
attending
paraphrasing
reflection
clarification
verbal and nonverbal behaviors show the counselor is actively…
restatement of the content of a client's message without resp…
restatement of the affective component of a client's message
response to a vague or confusing message by the client when a…
attending
verbal and nonverbal behaviors show the counselor is actively…
paraphrasing
restatement of the content of a client's message without resp…
30 terms
counseling basic philosophies
psychoanalytic
adlerian
existential
person-centered
humans are determined by psychic energy and by early experien…
humans are motivated by social interest, by striving towards…
central focus is on the nature of the human condition, which…
positive view of people; we have an inclination towards becom…
psychoanalytic
humans are determined by psychic energy and by early experien…
adlerian
humans are motivated by social interest, by striving towards…
25 terms
Basic Counseling Skills
6 qualities of an effective counselor
4 effects of being empathetic
3 components of therapy environment
what should a therapists office be like
empathetic, genuine, accepting, non-dogmatic/open-minded, men…
build rapport, elicit information, help client feel accepted,…
how therapist presents him/herself; office; nonverbal behavior
quiet, comfortable, and confidential (should at least be priv…
6 qualities of an effective counselor
empathetic, genuine, accepting, non-dogmatic/open-minded, men…
4 effects of being empathetic
build rapport, elicit information, help client feel accepted,…
34 terms
525: Basic Counseling Techniques
reflection of feeling
reflection of meaning
reframing
open ended ?'s
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
BCT: therpaist gives alternate perspective of what client has…
BCT: important foundation skill to promote greater client dis…
reflection of feeling
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
reflection of meaning
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
525: Basic Counseling Techniques
reflection of feeling
reflection of meaning
reframing
open ended ?'s
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
BCT: therpaist gives alternate perspective of what client has…
BCT: important foundation skill to promote greater client dis…
reflection of feeling
BCT: allows therapist to demonstrate to the client that he is…
reflection of meaning
Freud, psychoanalysis. BCT: active listening technique. thera…
15 terms
Basic Counseling Skills
neukrug's characteristics of the effec…
being emphatic
being genuine
being accepting
1. being emphatic... 2. being genuine... 3. being acceptance... 4. bei…
empathy is a skill that can:... 1. build rapport... 2. elicit infor…
research mixed on whether related to positive outcomes
rogers: accepts clients without "strings attached uncondition…
neukrug's characteristics of the effec…
1. being emphatic... 2. being genuine... 3. being acceptance... 4. bei…
being emphatic
empathy is a skill that can:... 1. build rapport... 2. elicit infor…
9 terms
Basic Counseling Skills
Encouraging
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
Reflection of feeling
Head nods, open gestures, positive facial expressions that en…
Reflection of content; goal is to facilitate client explorati…
Encompasses a longer period of conversation; it may cover an…
Identify the key emotions of a client and feed them back to c…
Encouraging
Head nods, open gestures, positive facial expressions that en…
Paraphrasing
Reflection of content; goal is to facilitate client explorati…
32 terms
Basic Counseling Comps Terms
Spheres of Influence - ready
Clarification - ready
Client Expectancies - ready
Confrontation - ready
An assessment tool from the bio-psycho-social model; a person…
to check whether understanding is accurate, or to better unde…
When a person enters therapy, they should voice their opinion…
the therapist makes a statement that draws attention to discr…
Spheres of Influence - ready
An assessment tool from the bio-psycho-social model; a person…
Clarification - ready
to check whether understanding is accurate, or to better unde…
54 terms
Basic Counseling Responses Midterm
D
O
G
N
Directing
Opening/Closing
Giving Feedback
Noting a Theme
D
Directing
O
Opening/Closing
53 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Final
Describe what it means to be a "reflec…
Describe Perry's stages of cognitive d…
List the 6 ethical guidelines, accordi…
Describe the three main characteristic…
-Understanding clients and yourself.... -Be proactive in being r…
Perry-Dualistic, Multiplistic, Relativistic... Hoffman-Mastery c…
Aspirational Principles, Non-maleficence, Beneficence, Autono…
Positive Regard: believing that all persons have inherent wor…
Describe what it means to be a "reflec…
-Understanding clients and yourself.... -Be proactive in being r…
Describe Perry's stages of cognitive d…
Perry-Dualistic, Multiplistic, Relativistic... Hoffman-Mastery c…
24 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Midterm
Empathy
Attending Behavior
What are the three V's that go along w…
Mirror Neurons
the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
demonstrates that you respect a person and are interested in…
1. Visual/eye contact ... 2. Vocal qualities... 3. Verbal tracking
fire when a human or other primate acts and when they observe…
Empathy
the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
Attending Behavior
demonstrates that you respect a person and are interested in…
23 terms
basic counseling responses
What is attending?
What is reflection?
What is an example of reflection (empa…
What is Legitimation?
Also called "Active Listening" .... Focus on what you hear and s…
Also called "Empathizing".... Pointing out feeling he is having.…
"I understand that you may feel frustrated after eating 10 do…
Also called "Normalization".... acknowledge it is normal to have…
What is attending?
Also called "Active Listening" .... Focus on what you hear and s…
What is reflection?
Also called "Empathizing".... Pointing out feeling he is having.…
13 terms
Basic Christian Counseling
NCCA history
4 goals of course
Humanism vs Christianity
Secular vs. Christian
1983 Dr. Arno for 3 purposes:... 1. Biblically-based model= easy…
1. clear understanding of difference between Christian/secula…
Humanism promotes selfism = hold on to self... Christianity = la…
1. live with it vs set free by Jesus... 2. based on evolution vs…
NCCA history
1983 Dr. Arno for 3 purposes:... 1. Biblically-based model= easy…
4 goals of course
1. clear understanding of difference between Christian/secula…
18 terms
Counseling Basics: The Therapeutic Relationship
The therapeutic relationship
Different views of the therapeutic rel…
Three components of the therapeutic re…
Working alliance
the bond between the client and the therapist
necessary and sufficient, necessary but not sufficient, not n…
Working alliance, transference and the real relationship
the alignment or joining together of the client and the thera…
The therapeutic relationship
the bond between the client and the therapist
Different views of the therapeutic rel…
necessary and sufficient, necessary but not sufficient, not n…
6 terms
Basic Issues in Counseling Practice
Countertransferance
Culture
Diversity-competent practitioner
Professional burnout
The process of therapists seeing in their clients patterns of…
The values and behaviors shared by a group of individuals
An ongoing process that involves a practicioner developing an…
A condition that occurs when helpers feel drained and deplete…
Countertransferance
The process of therapists seeing in their clients patterns of…
Culture
The values and behaviors shared by a group of individuals
18 terms
Basic Counseling Skills
Adler's Theory
What is REBT
Who is B.F. Skinner
Define Problems in living
4 phases:... Building therapeutic relationship.... accessing and u…
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy a belief that we can choose…
Psychologist that discovered operant conditioning meaning sho…
any problem in life that prevents self-sufficiency
Adler's Theory
4 phases:... Building therapeutic relationship.... accessing and u…
What is REBT
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy a belief that we can choose…
29 terms
Intro to Basic Counseling Interventions
Counseling definition
Qualities of an Effective Counselor
Challenges for a Counselor-in-Training
Definition of Helping
A brief intervention which focuses on assets and strengths.…
-Active listening... -Awareness of non-verbals... -Culturally compe…
-Talking too much... -Wanting to Help too much... -Self-disclosing…
Special relationship between someone who needs help and someo…
Counseling definition
A brief intervention which focuses on assets and strengths.…
Qualities of an Effective Counselor
-Active listening... -Awareness of non-verbals... -Culturally compe…
36 terms
Basic Patient Counseling
3 purposes of the interview
Ethics and Culture
Non-maleficence
Beneficence
Establish trust... Gather info... Offer info
System of moral principles or standards governing conduct
First, do not harm
do good for the pt
3 purposes of the interview
Establish trust... Gather info... Offer info
Ethics and Culture
System of moral principles or standards governing conduct
95 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Midterm
empathy vs sympathy
Prochaska's stages of change
facilitative conditions
therapeutic relationship
sympathy can be patronizing and can highlight a person's inco…
-precontemplative... -contemplative... -preparation... -action... -mainte…
empathy, compassion, collaboration
the feelings and attitudes that counseling participants have…
empathy vs sympathy
sympathy can be patronizing and can highlight a person's inco…
Prochaska's stages of change
-precontemplative... -contemplative... -preparation... -action... -mainte…
60 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Midterm
Interviewing
What is the purpose of the Microskills…
Microskills Hierarchy
Hearing vs. Listening
•A conversation where one person tries to obtain information…
To show beginners that you need to build to the basics in ord…
•To understand how clients experience and make sense of the w…
•hearing: passive process requiring ears only... •listening: act…
Interviewing
•A conversation where one person tries to obtain information…
What is the purpose of the Microskills…
To show beginners that you need to build to the basics in ord…
38 terms
Psychology and Basic counseling
Psychology is the science of_________?
What are the six main perspectives of…
Define Communication
List the 2 forms of communication and…
Mind... Emotions... Behavior
Biological... Behavioral ... Cognitive... Cognitive/Behavioral... Psychoa…
...
1. Verbal... a. spoken, ... b. written, or signed... 2. Non-Verbal…
Psychology is the science of_________?
Mind... Emotions... Behavior
What are the six main perspectives of…
Biological... Behavioral ... Cognitive... Cognitive/Behavioral... Psychoa…
25 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Final
Name the 6 skills that will be on the…
What does SOLER stand for
Why do we use SOLER?
What is the correct way to use SOLER?
1. Attending and Encouraging (SOLER)... 2. Open ended questions…
S- sit squarely... O- open posture... L- lean slightly towards clie…
To put the client at ease, to communicate that we are there t…
Be conscious of your body language and how you are sitting. R…
Name the 6 skills that will be on the…
1. Attending and Encouraging (SOLER)... 2. Open ended questions…
What does SOLER stand for
S- sit squarely... O- open posture... L- lean slightly towards clie…
Career Counseling Midterm-The Basics
Career Development
Career Counseling
Work
Self-actualization
A dynamic process that encompasses career or work related beh…
services or interventions designed to prevent or ameliorate c…
the domain of life in which people provide services or create…
becoming the best one can be
Career Development
A dynamic process that encompasses career or work related beh…
Career Counseling
services or interventions designed to prevent or ameliorate c…
79 terms
Basic counseling skills final review
Becoming a reflective practitioner mea…
Feelings of uncertainty or incompetenc…
Which of the following is NOT one of P…
In order to take responsibility for hi…
helper
yourself
Simplistic
remaining open to feedback and corrective suggestions.
Becoming a reflective practitioner mea…
helper
Feelings of uncertainty or incompetenc…
yourself
11 terms
Clinical/Counseling Psych: Basic Philosophies
Psychoanalytic therapy
Adlerian therapy
Existential therapy
Person-centered therapy
Human beings are basically determined by psychic energy and b…
Humans are motivated by social interest, by striving toward g…
The central focus is on the nature of the human condition, wh…
The view of humans is positive; we have an inclination toward…
Psychoanalytic therapy
Human beings are basically determined by psychic energy and b…
Adlerian therapy
Humans are motivated by social interest, by striving toward g…
67 terms
Basic Counselling #1
psychotherapy
psychiatrist
counselling
most common client problems at OBU
psychologist
gives medicine, not much counselling
masters degree and license
anxiety and depression
psychotherapy
psychologist
psychiatrist
gives medicine, not much counselling
51 terms
GC basics / Counseling
Tenets of genetic counseling process (4)
Life history/narrative model of learning
Mutual participation model
Models of Genetic Counseling (over the…
1. Relationship is integral to GC... 2. patient autonomy must be…
The counselor actively listens. Storytelling with intent ques…
Counselor and counselee have equal power and engage in activi…
Eugenic model... Medical/preventive model (risk info was limited…
Tenets of genetic counseling process (4)
1. Relationship is integral to GC... 2. patient autonomy must be…
Life history/narrative model of learning
The counselor actively listens. Storytelling with intent ques…
26 terms
Basic Counselling #2
insight
intellectual insight
emotional insight
Why is insight necessary?
- seeing things from a new perspective... - making connections b…
objective explanation of a problem
connects effects to intellect and creates a sense of personal…
- people evaluate internal/external stimuli in view of their…
insight
- seeing things from a new perspective... - making connections b…
intellectual insight
objective explanation of a problem
47 terms
Basic Counseling skills Mid-Term
Empathy
Self-Knowledge and Self-Insight
Characteristics of Helpers
Motivations for Wanting to Help
empathy is an attitude or manner or responding with genuine c…
Helpers need to have a general awareness of their own issues,…
Listen carefully... Empathetic and nonjudgmental... Open to new exp…
Others-oriented ... Self-oriented... Need to balance between othe…
Empathy
empathy is an attitude or manner or responding with genuine c…
Self-Knowledge and Self-Insight
Helpers need to have a general awareness of their own issues,…
61 terms
Basic Counseling Skills Final Review
"You're saying that you really need ti…
"Yes, yes. What you're saying makes se…
"When she walked out the door, how did…
"It sounds like you're really sad beca…
Direct Restatement
Validation
Evocative Open Question
Reflection of Feelings; Formula
"You're saying that you really need ti…
Direct Restatement
"Yes, yes. What you're saying makes se…
Validation
19 terms
PCO4930 - Basic Counseling Skills
Counselor Self-Awareness
Empathy
Listening Skills
Warmth
- Has a major impact on counselor effectiveness... - Primary eth…
Sensing feelings and communicating understanding
- Warmth... - Genuineness
- You communicate to the person that you prize the client as…
Counselor Self-Awareness
- Has a major impact on counselor effectiveness... - Primary eth…
Empathy
Sensing feelings and communicating understanding
32 terms
Psych 526 Basic Counseling Techniques
Spheres of Influence
Capping
Clarification
Client Expectancies
art of the bio-psycho-social model. Term referring to the inf…
o Universal skill... o Moves client away from emotional informat…
Therapist provides a summary of what the client says, focusin…
Expectations that the client brings to therapy about what the…
Spheres of Influence
art of the bio-psycho-social model. Term referring to the inf…
Capping
o Universal skill... o Moves client away from emotional informat…
Basic counseling Skills and Theory Groups
Seilgman's grouping of theories
Background
Emotions
Thoughts
BETA... Background... Emotions... Thoughts... Actions
Patterns in CL past/future... Past success builds hope... Talking a…
Helps CL understand feelings... Symptom relief through expressio…
Processing thoughts... Positive self-efficacy... Less emotional... Cog…
Seilgman's grouping of theories
BETA... Background... Emotions... Thoughts... Actions
Background
Patterns in CL past/future... Past success builds hope... Talking a…
35 terms
The Top Ten Basic Counseling Skills
Two main factors of listening
Attending
Observing (listening)
Two primary sources of information
Attending and observing (listening).
Orienting oneself physically to the patient.
Capturing both verbal and nonverbal information communicated…
Content and process.
Two main factors of listening
Attending and observing (listening).
Attending
Orienting oneself physically to the patient.
25 terms
Basic Counseling Skills; Listening and Attending
Basic Counseling
Attending
Listening/Observing
Content (primary source of information)
specific counselor behaviors such as:... (1) enthusiasm... (2) co…
orienting oneself physically to the client to indicate one is…
capturing and understanding the verbal and nonverbal informat…
what is specifically said... listen carefully for, not only wh…
Basic Counseling
specific counselor behaviors such as:... (1) enthusiasm... (2) co…
Attending
orienting oneself physically to the client to indicate one is…
53 terms
Basics of addiction counseling -Theoretical approaches
Adlerian psychology
Basic premise of Adlerian psychology
Fictional Finalism
Lifestyle
-Developed by Alfred Adler... -AKA Individual psychology... -Humani…
-Individuals are moving towards goals... -Feelings and beliefs o…
-"Central goal" of a individual's life. ... -All behavior is dir…
-How client moves through life... -Includes client's views, filt…
Adlerian psychology
-Developed by Alfred Adler... -AKA Individual psychology... -Humani…
Basic premise of Adlerian psychology
-Individuals are moving towards goals... -Feelings and beliefs o…
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