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Study sets matching "basic definitions of anatomy and physiology"

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Study sets matching "basic definitions of anatomy and physiology"

61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (basic definitions)
which plane divides the body into supe…
which plane divides the body longitudi…
which plane divides the body into left…
which plane divides the body into any…
transverse plane
frontal plane
sagittal plane
oblique plane
which plane divides the body into supe…
transverse plane
which plane divides the body longitudi…
frontal plane
102 terms
Unit 2: Basic Anatomy & Physiology Definitions
Tissue
Cells
Plasma membrane
Fatty Acids
The aggregation of cells bound together to perform a common f…
the "building blocks"/fundamental units of life
the outer boundary made up of mostly proteins & a phospholipi…
Any of a large group of monobasic acids, especially those found
Tissue
The aggregation of cells bound together to perform a common f…
Cells
the "building blocks"/fundamental units of life
34 terms
Week 1: Basics - definitions, anatomy, physiology
Motor Speech Disorders Definition
Speech
Dysarthria
Flaccid dysarthria
motor movements + spoken/vocal symbols + abnormality/disfunct…
peripheral process by which we produce sounds... 1.cognitive-lin…
- collective name for group of NEUROLOGIC speech disorders... -…
- LMN lesion... - weakness... - most common
Motor Speech Disorders Definition
motor movements + spoken/vocal symbols + abnormality/disfunct…
Speech
peripheral process by which we produce sounds... 1.cognitive-lin…
24 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Produces reproductive cells in females…
Converts food to simpler molecules use…
Protects from disease; collects and re…
Eliminates wastes; maintains homeostas…
Female Reproductive System
Digestive
Lymphatic
Excretory (Urinary)
Produces reproductive cells in females…
Female Reproductive System
Converts food to simpler molecules use…
Digestive
Anatomy and Physiology basics
anatomy
physiology
branches of science
topics of anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
anatomy and physiology
gross or macroscopic anatomy, regional anatomy, systemic anat…
anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
physiology
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
89 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
physiology
anatomy
digestive system
reproductive system
Study of the functions an organism performs.
Study of structure
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
Reproduce offspring- produce male sex cells (sperm) and femal…
physiology
Study of the functions an organism performs.
anatomy
Study of structure
48 terms
Anatomy & Physiology, basic
homeostasis
osteoblast
cartilage
mediastinum
term used to describe the body's ability to maintain its norm…
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the j…
central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loos…
homeostasis
term used to describe the body's ability to maintain its norm…
osteoblast
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Basics
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
17 terms
Hematology: Anatomy and Physiology Basics
functions of blood
stem cell
plasma
formed elements
The blood has a variety of functions: ... Transport: Blood ta…
Cells that help the body to replenish other cells. Stem cells…
The liquid portion of the blood; 55% of the blood is composed…
A term referring to the cellular components of the blood (ery…
functions of blood
The blood has a variety of functions: ... Transport: Blood ta…
stem cell
Cells that help the body to replenish other cells. Stem cells…
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basics
Anterior
Posterior
Frontal Plane
Median(Midsaggital) Plane
Ventral is also called?
Dorsal is also called?
Anterior
Ventral is also called?
Posterior
Dorsal is also called?
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical char…
Relatively large particle; uncharged and thus electrically ne…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
23 terms
Anatomy- Definition of Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
gross, microscopic, developmental
gross anatomy
regional, surface, and systemic
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
what are the fields of anatomy
the study of large body parts able to be seen by the naked ey…
what are the branches of gross anatomy
anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
gross, microscopic, developmental
what are the fields of anatomy
11 terms
Overview of Anatomy and Physiology- Basic
Anatomy
Physiology
What are the levels of structural?
Chemical
The study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
The study of the function of the body's structure
Chemical, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, and Organismal
1rst stage of the levels of structural ... Atoms combined to for…
Anatomy
The study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
Physiology
The study of the function of the body's structure
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical char…
Relatively large particle; uncharged and thus electrically ne…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
27 terms
anatomy, physiology and disease the basics
outcomes:
1.1 Define anatomy and physiology
1.2 Describe the location of structure…
1.3 Locate serous membranes by their i…
...
* Anatomy- is the study of body structures, including structu…
Picture the body in the (Standard Anatomical Position) before…
...
outcomes:
...
1.1 Define anatomy and physiology
* Anatomy- is the study of body structures, including structu…
52 terms
Basic Elements of Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Applied Anatomy
Descriptive Anatomy
structure of an organism
Function of a living organism
Applies anatomy to diagnosing and treating
Relates body parts to functional systems
Anatomy
structure of an organism
Physiology
Function of a living organism
24 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Terms
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Body erect, feet together, flat on floor, eyes directed forwa…
Toward the head.
Away from the head.
Nearer to the front of the body.
Anatomical Position
Body erect, feet together, flat on floor, eyes directed forwa…
Superior
Toward the head.
39 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
Front side of the body
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
Back side of the body
Back of an animal, plant, or organ
Anterior
Front side of the body
Ventral
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
28 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Vocab
Anterior/ventral
Posterior/dorsal
Superior/cranial
Inferior/caudal
the front of an organism, organ, or part
pertaining to the back
pertaining to the head or above
pertaining to a position near the tail end of the long axis o…
Anterior/ventral
the front of an organism, organ, or part
Posterior/dorsal
pertaining to the back
49 terms
Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior
Inferior
Cranial
Caudal
Highest point
Lowest point
Head
Tail bone
Superior
Highest point
Inferior
Lowest point
59 terms
1. Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Define anatomy:
Define physiology:
What are the characteristics of gross…
What are the characteristics of micros…
The study of a normal structure and shape of the body and it'…
The study of normal function of the body and it's parts
Large and easily observable.... Ex. Muscle, bones, heart
Body structures too small too see with the naked eye. A micro…
Define anatomy:
The study of a normal structure and shape of the body and it'…
Define physiology:
The study of normal function of the body and it's parts
PH: Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Sebaceous Glands
Functions of the Skin
Diseases and Conditions of Integumenta…
Skin and its appendages (hair and nails)... -acts as a physical…
forms along sides of hair follicles... -produces sebum (oily sub…
4 main functions... -sensation, protection, heat regulation, and…
-Rash - red, inflamed skin... -Bacterial infection - bacteria li…
Integumentary System
Skin and its appendages (hair and nails)... -acts as a physical…
Sebaceous Glands
forms along sides of hair follicles... -produces sebum (oily sub…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Definitions
Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
study of all forms of life
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
studies the function of each body part
study of large and easily observable structures
Biology
study of all forms of life
Anatomy
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
49 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Define anatomy
Define physiology
Describe the anatomic position
mid-sagittal/ median
the study of the structure of the human body
the science that deals with the function of the living organism
standing erect with feet together... -facing the observer ... -arms…
divides the body into equal right and left proportions
Define anatomy
the study of the structure of the human body
Define physiology
the science that deals with the function of the living organism
49 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Define anatomy
Define physiology
Describe the anatomic position
mid-sagittal/ median
the study of the structure of the human body
the science that deals with the function of the living organism
standing erect with feet together... -facing the observer ... -arms…
divides the body into equal right and left proportions
Define anatomy
the study of the structure of the human body
Define physiology
the science that deals with the function of the living organism
11 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Info
Anatomy
Physiology
Necessary Life Functions
Survival Needs
The study of the structure, shape, and parts of the body, and…
The study of how the body and its parts work and fxn
Maintaining boundaries... Movement... Responsiveness... Digestion... Meta…
Nutrients... Oxygen... Water... Maintaining body temperature
Anatomy
The study of the structure, shape, and parts of the body, and…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work and fxn
54 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Antefebrile
Epigastrorrhaphy
Antipyretic
Lateral(sideways) curvature of the spine
before fever
suture of abdominal wound in the region of stomach
agent that works against fever
Scoliosis
Antefebrile
before fever
Epigastrorrhaphy
suture of abdominal wound in the region of stomach
43 terms
EMT Basic-Anatomy and Physiology
Ligament
Tendon
Cranium
Maxillae
Bone to bone
Bone to muscle
Top, back and sides of skull
Two fused bones forming the upper jaw
Ligament
Bone to bone
Tendon
Bone to muscle
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Basics
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 1, Basic elements of Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
"to cut up" the study of the structure of an organism
the functions of the structures
using the naked eye
using the non naked eye
Anatomy
"to cut up" the study of the structure of an organism
Physiology
the functions of the structures
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology basics
anatomy
physiology
branches of science
topics of anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
anatomy and physiology
gross or macroscopic anatomy, regional anatomy, systemic anat…
anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
physiology
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
27 terms
Basic Anatomy & Physiology Terms
Deep
Superficial
Superior
System
Away from the surface of the body
Toward or at the surface of the body
Toward the head or upper body
Group of organs working together for a common purpose
Deep
Away from the surface of the body
Superficial
Toward or at the surface of the body
150 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Types of Energy
Elements
Anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
The ability to do work
Chemical... Electrical... Mechanical... Radiant
Fundamental units of matter; 96% of the body is made from fou…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
Energy
The ability to do work
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Basics- Vocabulary II
Anterior (Ventral)
Posterior (Dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
Front of body
Back of body
Toward the head or upper part
Away from the head or upper part
Anterior (Ventral)
Front of body
Posterior (Dorsal)
Back of body
12 terms
Basics of Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical
Cell
Scientific discipline that investigates the structure of the…
Scientific study that deals with the processes or functions o…
Relating to chemistry, especially to the characteristics of a…
Basic living unit of all plants and animals.
Anatomy
Scientific discipline that investigates the structure of the…
Physiology
Scientific study that deals with the processes or functions o…
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Chemistry Basics)
What is the Chemistry Basics?
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atom and Atomic Particles
Positive charge, weight: 1 amu
neutral Charge, weight: 1 amu
negative charge, weight:0 amu
What is the Chemistry Basics?
Atom and Atomic Particles
Protons
Positive charge, weight: 1 amu
69 terms
Basic Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Descriptive or Systematic Anatomy
Regional Anatomy
Study of structure
Study of function
Studying the body by structures
Studying the body by region
Anatomy
Study of structure
Physiology
Study of function
17 terms
Basic terms of anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
The study of the structure & shape of the body. (What it look…
The study of the function of the body. (How it works)
The study of large structures of the body (no microscope used)
Study of small structures of the body that require the use of…
Anatomy
The study of the structure & shape of the body. (What it look…
Physiology
The study of the function of the body. (How it works)
38 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology of the Eye
distal stimulus
proximal stimulus
perception
Ivo Kohler
the actual object in the environment
the upside down image in the back of the eye (retinal image)
what you see
Wore inverting goggles that made everything upside down and a…
distal stimulus
the actual object in the environment
proximal stimulus
the upside down image in the back of the eye (retinal image)
115 terms
Anatomy / physiology: Disease Basics
anatomy
physiology
anatomical terms
Anterior or Ventral
is the study of body structures, including structures of all…
is the study of exactly how all of these structures function
picture the body in the (standard anatomical position) before…
front or belly side
anatomy
is the study of body structures, including structures of all…
physiology
is the study of exactly how all of these structures function
40 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Histology
study of the structures of the body
study of the the fuctions of the body
study of cells and their structures
study of tissues and their structures
Anatomy
study of the structures of the body
Physiology
study of the the fuctions of the body
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Basic Terminology
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
Fundamental Position
Study of how the body and its parts are related to one another
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
Arms at sides with palms facing forward
Arms at sides with palms facing the side of the body
Anatomy
Study of how the body and its parts are related to one another
Physiology
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
37 terms
basic anatomy and physiology
anatomy
arteries
atrium
blood
study of the different structures of the body and how they ar…
vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart and…
top chamber of the heart
liquid tissue that is responsible for life, growth, and healt…
anatomy
study of the different structures of the body and how they ar…
arteries
vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart and…
21 terms
Basic Concepts in Anatomy and Physiology
what is anatomy?
what is physiology?
how are anatomy and physiology linked?
can anatomy and physiology be studied…
study of the STRUCTURE of the body; How big something is; the…
study of the FUNCTION of the body
You can't FUNCTION without STRUCTURE, and vise versa. It is i…
both, structure predicts function as function predicts struct…
what is anatomy?
study of the STRUCTURE of the body; How big something is; the…
what is physiology?
study of the FUNCTION of the body
30 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Tissue
Fatty Acids
Triglycerides
Plasma/Cell Membrane
A collection of similar cells and their intracellular substan…
Any of a large group of monobasic acids, especially those fou…
The storage form of fat made up of three fatty acids and a gl…
Outer layer of the cell
Tissue
A collection of similar cells and their intracellular substan…
Fatty Acids
Any of a large group of monobasic acids, especially those fou…
61 terms
Basics of anatomy & physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Movement
Responsiveness
•The structure of body parts.... •Also called Morphology
•The function of the body parts, what they do, and how they d…
•Characteristic of a living thing... •Self-initiated change in p…
•Characteristic of a living thing... •Ability to sense changes a…
Anatomy
•The structure of body parts.... •Also called Morphology
Physiology
•The function of the body parts, what they do, and how they d…
139 terms
Anatomy and Physiology basic
Vitreous Compartment
Glaucoma
Cornea
Common name for nicitating membrane
lies between lens and retina
A disease characterized by an increase in intraocukar pressure
transparent window, also maintained by amount of thing water
Third eyelid
Vitreous Compartment
lies between lens and retina
Glaucoma
A disease characterized by an increase in intraocukar pressure
18 terms
Basic Concepts of Anatomy & Physiology
Essential Functions of 'Life'
Essential Requirements for 'Life'
Levels of Structural Organisation
Organ Systems
movement... responsiveness... digestion... metabolism... excretion... reprod…
nutrients ... oxygen ... water ... temperature ... atmospheric pressure
chemical ... cellular... tissue ... organ ... organ system ... organism
Integumentary system... nervous system ... musculoskeletal system…
Essential Functions of 'Life'
movement... responsiveness... digestion... metabolism... excretion... reprod…
Essential Requirements for 'Life'
nutrients ... oxygen ... water ... temperature ... atmospheric pressure
58 terms
Basic cellular anatomy and physiology
Two types of cells human body contains
Plasma membrane
Internal compartments of cell
Internal compartments of cytoplasm
Somatic cells and sex cells
Barrier between cell and external environment
Nucleus, cytoplasm
Cytosol, organelles
Two types of cells human body contains
Somatic cells and sex cells
Plasma membrane
Barrier between cell and external environment
32 terms
Anatomy and physiology basic (1)
pH
pH scale
buffer
buffer system
the number used to indicate the exact strength of an acid or…
(ranges from 0-14) measures the hydrogen ion concentration of…
prevent or reduces changes in pH
uses chemical reaction to maintain a particular pH
pH
the number used to indicate the exact strength of an acid or…
pH scale
(ranges from 0-14) measures the hydrogen ion concentration of…
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