Study sets matching "basic physiology"

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Study sets matching "basic physiology"

Basic Physiology
Bulk flow
Solute flux
Flow=
Conductance
flux of a solvent, major transport mechanism of water
flux of solute particles within a solvent
Pressure x Conductance
1/resistance
Bulk flow
flux of a solvent, major transport mechanism of water
Solute flux
flux of solute particles within a solvent
24 terms
Physiology Basic
Body fluid compartments
Ficks Law
Gibbs Donnan effect
Na/K AtPase
Total body water - 60%... Intracellular fluid - 40%... ECF 20%: I…
J (net rate of diffusion) = -DA (concentration gradient)... D -…
In the presence of a non diffusable ion, the diffuable ions d…
pump 2 Na ions out of cell and 1 K into cell using the energy…
Body fluid compartments
Total body water - 60%... Intracellular fluid - 40%... ECF 20%: I…
Ficks Law
J (net rate of diffusion) = -DA (concentration gradient)... D -…
Physiology: Basics
Negative feedback loop
Negative feedback loop (order of events)
Components of bodily fluids?
Total body water
A stimulus causes an opposite effect in order to maintain an…
Stimulus, Sensor, Control, Effector
Solvent (water), solute (dissolved substances)
42 litres
Negative feedback loop
A stimulus causes an opposite effect in order to maintain an…
Negative feedback loop (order of events)
Stimulus, Sensor, Control, Effector
physiology basic
3 specific stimuli for release of Gast…
actions of gastrin
What inhibits gastin release? 3 things
what releases gastrin? what releases C…
1) small peptides & amino acids (Phe, Trp)... 2) distension of…
1) ↑ H⁺ secretion by gastric parietal cells... 2) ↑ growth of…
1) H⁺ in gastric lumen (negative feedback)... 2) Somatostatin…
Gastrin - "little gastrin" secreted by G cells in the gastric…
3 specific stimuli for release of Gast…
1) small peptides & amino acids (Phe, Trp)... 2) distension of…
actions of gastrin
1) ↑ H⁺ secretion by gastric parietal cells... 2) ↑ growth of…
123 terms
Basic Physiology
NaCl
NaHCO3
H2CO3
HCl
Sodium chloride (table salt)
Sodium bicarbonate
Carbonic acid
Hydrochloric acid
NaCl
Sodium chloride (table salt)
NaHCO3
Sodium bicarbonate
47 terms
Physiology Basics
Bases
Buffer Solutions
Strereoisomer
DNA
Release OH- in water
Resists changes in H+ concentration and tend to maintain a st…
A molecule that is a mirror image of another, and has a key f…
an organic molecule
Bases
Release OH- in water
Buffer Solutions
Resists changes in H+ concentration and tend to maintain a st…
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
physiology
anatomy
digestive system
reproductive system
Study of the functions an organism performs.
Study of structure
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
Reproduce offspring- produce male sex cells (sperm) and femal…
physiology
Study of the functions an organism performs.
anatomy
Study of structure
48 terms
Anatomy & Physiology, basic
homeostasis
osteoblast
cartilage
mediastinum
term used to describe the body's ability to maintain its norm…
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the j…
central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loos…
homeostasis
term used to describe the body's ability to maintain its norm…
osteoblast
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
53 terms
Basic Processes of Physiology
Physiology
Biochemistry
Homeostasis
Blood Pressure
- the study of bodily function... - examines regulation between…
- focuses more on intracellular processes and regulation of i…
- regulating the different parts of the body (ie. sustaining…
- the physical strain on the blood vessels ... - the stretch on…
Physiology
- the study of bodily function... - examines regulation between…
Biochemistry
- focuses more on intracellular processes and regulation of i…
10 terms
Basic Physiology
Medulla oblongata
Pons
Cerebellum
Midbrain
Stimulates the muscles and is involved in the regulation of b…
Acts as a relay station, collecting impulses from the eyes, e…
Responsible for reflexes, coordinates movement and is involve…
Involved in hearing, is the vision relay point and pleasure a…
Medulla oblongata
Stimulates the muscles and is involved in the regulation of b…
Pons
Acts as a relay station, collecting impulses from the eyes, e…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (basic definitions)
which plane divides the body into supe…
which plane divides the body longitudi…
which plane divides the body into left…
which plane divides the body into any…
transverse plane
frontal plane
sagittal plane
oblique plane
which plane divides the body into supe…
transverse plane
which plane divides the body longitudi…
frontal plane
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical char…
Relatively large particle; uncharged and thus electrically ne…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
38 terms
Physiology - Basics
Covalent bonds
Ionic bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Van der Waals forces
Atoms share electrons -- strongest type of bond... e.g. Carbon…
Ions are charged atoms that have lost or gained an electron -…
A week attraction between a hydrogen atom and a nearby oxygen…
weak, non specific interaction between the nucleus of one ato…
Covalent bonds
Atoms share electrons -- strongest type of bond... e.g. Carbon…
Ionic bonds
Ions are charged atoms that have lost or gained an electron -…
Physiology basics
normal blood glucose
normal plasma calcium
normal temp range
normal pH
70-120 mg/dL
9-10.5/11 mg/dL
36.5-37.5 C
7.35-7.45
normal blood glucose
70-120 mg/dL
normal plasma calcium
9-10.5/11 mg/dL
20 terms
BASICS- Physiology
Define Physiology
What are the two components of extrace…
Which cells are the only cells that ca…
Define pathophysiology
The study of the normal functioning of a living organism and…
1) plasma 2) interstitial fluid
Epithelial cells (sometimes digestive system and respiratory)
The study of body functions in a disease state
Define Physiology
The study of the normal functioning of a living organism and…
What are the two components of extrace…
1) plasma 2) interstitial fluid
11 terms
Physiology basics
What is physiology?
Physiology is the study of
Difference between wildlife physiology…
Examples of wildlife phys enabling sur…
Chemical and physical factors responsible for origin, develop…
function of organs, systems, and tissues in living organisms
Wildlife serves for survival, domestic serves to meet our needs
Running uses skeletal, muscular, nervous systems, etc.... Feedin…
What is physiology?
Chemical and physical factors responsible for origin, develop…
Physiology is the study of
function of organs, systems, and tissues in living organisms
50 terms
EFTI - Basic Cardiovascular Physiology
Cardiovascular System
Two Roles of the CV System
Platelets
Plasma
Comprised of the heart and arteries veins of the body.
Providing oxygen to all the cells of the body. Facilitating t…
Responsible for the clotting at the site of a wound
The liquid component of blood
Cardiovascular System
Comprised of the heart and arteries veins of the body.
Two Roles of the CV System
Providing oxygen to all the cells of the body. Facilitating t…
121 terms
Physiology Basics
Water
Plasma
Formed Elements
7.35 - 7.45
Composes 90% of Plasma
Composes 55% of Blood
Composes 45% of Blood
pH level of Blood
Water
Composes 90% of Plasma
Plasma
Composes 55% of Blood
Physiology Basics
What is physiology?
Homeostasis
Who coined the term homeostasis?
Who is credited with the theory of hom…
the study of how living organisms function
the maintenance of relatively constant body conditions
Walter Canon
Claude Bernard
What is physiology?
the study of how living organisms function
Homeostasis
the maintenance of relatively constant body conditions
76 terms
Physiology: Basic physiological processes
homeostasis
homeostatic control mechanisms 3 eleme…
negative feedback
positive feedback
state of regulated physiological balance
sensory receptor nerve, control centre, effector
conditions that exceed set limit trigger a negative reaction…
increase disruptive influences, not controlled
homeostasis
state of regulated physiological balance
homeostatic control mechanisms 3 eleme…
sensory receptor nerve, control centre, effector
25 terms
EFTI - Basic Exercise Physiology
Specificity
Overload
Adaptation
Rest/Recovery
What you train for is what you get.
the process of providing greater stress or load on the body t…
the body will reach homeostasis is in response to repeated st…
training adaptations take place between training sessions, no…
Specificity
What you train for is what you get.
Overload
the process of providing greater stress or load on the body t…
7 terms
Physiology: Basic Organic/Biochemistry (images)
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
13 terms
Physiology Basics
Homeostatic Physiology
Pathophysiology
Comparative Physiology
Scientific Method
Concerned with the normal function of cells; emphasizes mecha…
Looking at how diseases/injury will take you AWAY from homeos…
Studies the differences/similarities in the functions of inve…
a. Make an observation... b. Form hypothesis -- educated guess... c…
Homeostatic Physiology
Concerned with the normal function of cells; emphasizes mecha…
Pathophysiology
Looking at how diseases/injury will take you AWAY from homeos…
36 terms
Physiology Basics
70-120 mg
9 - 10.5 mg
7.35 - 7.45
97.5 - 99.5 Degrees
What is the normal blood glucose of the body?
What is the normal plasma calcium in the blood?
What is the normal pH of blood?
What is the average body temperature?
70-120 mg
What is the normal blood glucose of the body?
9 - 10.5 mg
What is the normal plasma calcium in the blood?
Physiology Basics
According to biological rulers, what i…
What is all matter made of?
Cellular Respiration
Homeostasis
To survive and reproduce.
Chemical elements.
Process by which we convert stored energy into usable energy.
Balance.
According to biological rulers, what i…
To survive and reproduce.
What is all matter made of?
Chemical elements.
24 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Produces reproductive cells in females…
Converts food to simpler molecules use…
Protects from disease; collects and re…
Eliminates wastes; maintains homeostas…
Female Reproductive System
Digestive
Lymphatic
Excretory (Urinary)
Produces reproductive cells in females…
Female Reproductive System
Converts food to simpler molecules use…
Digestive
Basic Nerve and Muscle Physiology
The two primary cell types that make u…
efferent
afferent
What is the Action Potential?
the glia and nuerons
conducted or conducting outward or away from something
conducting or conducted inward or toward something
When a segment of the axon becomes depolarized (i.e., potenti…
The two primary cell types that make u…
the glia and nuerons
efferent
conducted or conducting outward or away from something
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Define anatomy
Define physiology
Describe the anatomic position
mid-sagittal/ median
the study of the structure of the human body
the science that deals with the function of the living organism
standing erect with feet together... -facing the observer ... -arms…
divides the body into equal right and left proportions
Define anatomy
the study of the structure of the human body
Define physiology
the science that deals with the function of the living organism
40 terms
Basic Physiology - Tissues
Muscle tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
Cuboidal
the movement specialists of the body; can maintain contractio…
Covers the body and lines various parts of the body. it's cel…
a type of epithelial cell that's flat and scale-like
a cube shaped epithelial cell, height and width are the same…
Muscle tissue
the movement specialists of the body; can maintain contractio…
Epithelial tissue
Covers the body and lines various parts of the body. it's cel…
7 terms
Physiology basics
How is water distributed in the body?
What are the main contents of the body…
What is a mole?
What is the molecular weight or molecu…
1/3 Extracellular ( interstitial fluid, blood plasma, and lym…
60% of body weight is water (40% body weight H2O is intracell…
A mole is the unit of measurement in the International System…
Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.…
How is water distributed in the body?
1/3 Extracellular ( interstitial fluid, blood plasma, and lym…
What are the main contents of the body…
60% of body weight is water (40% body weight H2O is intracell…
Anatomy and Physiology basics
anatomy
physiology
branches of science
topics of anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
anatomy and physiology
gross or macroscopic anatomy, regional anatomy, systemic anat…
anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
physiology
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
Hematology: Anatomy and Physiology Basics
functions of blood
stem cell
plasma
formed elements
The blood has a variety of functions: ... Transport: Blood ta…
Cells that help the body to replenish other cells. Stem cells…
The liquid portion of the blood; 55% of the blood is composed…
A term referring to the cellular components of the blood (ery…
functions of blood
The blood has a variety of functions: ... Transport: Blood ta…
stem cell
Cells that help the body to replenish other cells. Stem cells…
42 terms
Physiology - Overview of Basic Endocrine Physiology
What are the classic endocrine glands…
True/False: The liver is an endocrine…
True/False: The kidney is an endocrine…
What are the liver and kidney classifi…
1) Pituitary... 2) Thyroid... 3) Parathyroid ... 4) Endocrine Pancreas…
False
False
Non-classical hormone-secreting tissues
What are the classic endocrine glands…
1) Pituitary... 2) Thyroid... 3) Parathyroid ... 4) Endocrine Pancreas…
True/False: The liver is an endocrine…
False
27 terms
Basic Anatomy & Physiology Terms
Deep
Superficial
Superior
System
Away from the surface of the body
Toward or at the surface of the body
Toward the head or upper body
Group of organs working together for a common purpose
Deep
Away from the surface of the body
Superficial
Toward or at the surface of the body
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Terms
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Body erect, feet together, flat on floor, eyes directed forwa…
Toward the head.
Away from the head.
Nearer to the front of the body.
Anatomical Position
Body erect, feet together, flat on floor, eyes directed forwa…
Superior
Toward the head.
13 terms
Physiology basics
What makes kidney capillaries unique?
What is the glucose in the urine indic…
Glomerular capillary membrane
What does protein in the urine mean?
Has two arterioles
Diabetes
Molecular weight selective, negatively charged
Glomerular disease
What makes kidney capillaries unique?
Has two arterioles
What is the glucose in the urine indic…
Diabetes
130 terms
Topics of Physiology & Basic Chemistry
Renal System
Filrate
Neuro
Central Nervous System (C.N.S)
-Kidneys, filters blood
what is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys in the Renal…
Functions of the brain.... Contains the CNS & PNS
Contains the brain and the spinal cord
Renal System
-Kidneys, filters blood
Filrate
what is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys in the Renal…
Basic Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
anatomy and physiology relationships #1
anatomy and physiology relationships #2
The study of the human body
The study of the body system functions and how they all work…
parts of the body from a well-organized unit, and each of tho…
structure determines what functions can take place
anatomy
The study of the human body
physiology
The study of the body system functions and how they all work…
Basic Physiology of the Small Intestine
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Digestion of food and Absorption of wa…
Water, salts, and food products.
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
What is the major function of the small intestine?
What does the small intestine absorb?
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
330 terms
Basic Endocrine Physiology
What substance makes up the thyroid co…
What molecule regulates basal metaboli…
Does calcitonin stimulate or inhibit p…
What are the cell types found within t…
thyroglobulin
T3 (unbound)
inhibit
follicular and parafollicular
What substance makes up the thyroid co…
thyroglobulin
What molecule regulates basal metaboli…
T3 (unbound)
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical char…
Relatively large particle; uncharged and thus electrically ne…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
48 terms
Physiology: Basic Anatomical Terms
anatomy
physiology
structure
function
the study of the STRUCTURE of an organism and the relationshi…
the study of the FUNCTION of living organisms and their parts
the arrangement of body parts and elements
how organs work
anatomy
the study of the STRUCTURE of an organism and the relationshi…
physiology
the study of the FUNCTION of living organisms and their parts
385 terms
Ch 16 Physiology Basic Metabolism
Two states the body undergoes to provi…
Where ingested nutrients enter the blo…
Where the GI tract is empty of nutrien…
TimEframe an aveRage meaL reqUires for…
Absorptive and postabsorptive state
Absorptive state
Postabsorptive state
4H
Two states the body undergoes to provi…
Absorptive and postabsorptive state
Where ingested nutrients enter the blo…
Absorptive state
59 terms
1. Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Define anatomy:
Define physiology:
What are the characteristics of gross…
What are the characteristics of micros…
The study of a normal structure and shape of the body and it'…
The study of normal function of the body and it's parts
Large and easily observable.... Ex. Muscle, bones, heart
Body structures too small too see with the naked eye. A micro…
Define anatomy:
The study of a normal structure and shape of the body and it'…
Define physiology:
The study of normal function of the body and it's parts
54 terms
17: Physiology: Basic Chemistry
Fundamental substances that make up ma…
Tiny particles that make up elements
Part of an atom with a positive charge
Part of an atom with a neutral charge
Elements
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
Fundamental substances that make up ma…
Elements
Tiny particles that make up elements
Atoms
51 terms
Basic Blood Physiology
What type of tissue is blood?
What are the two components of blood?
Hematopoeisis
Where is blood made?
Connective Tissue
Cells (45%) and Plasma (55%)
the formation of ALL blood cells including: RBCs and WBCs
Bone marrow
What type of tissue is blood?
Connective Tissue
What are the two components of blood?
Cells (45%) and Plasma (55%)
20 terms
Basic anatomy and physiology
Cells
Protoplasm
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
-composed of protoplasm... -the building blocks of all... -they for…
-divided into 2 components: nucleus and cytoplasm
a colony of cells that are similar in structure and function…
-superficial (outer) layer... -lines our bodies inside and out... -…
Cells
-composed of protoplasm... -the building blocks of all... -they for…
Protoplasm
-divided into 2 components: nucleus and cytoplasm
39 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
Front side of the body
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
Back side of the body
Back of an animal, plant, or organ
Anterior
Front side of the body
Ventral
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
41 terms
Basic Cellular Physiology
What is medical physiology
how is homeostasis achieved?
Physiologically controlled variables:…
Prokaryotes... -Primary feature... -Examples
Study of how a state of health and wellness is maintained in…
-feedback control mechanisms... -internal regulators
-set points: "normal range"... -sensors: monitors... -comparators…
-single, circular chromosome... cyanobacteria, bacteria, ricket…
What is medical physiology
Study of how a state of health and wellness is maintained in…
how is homeostasis achieved?
-feedback control mechanisms... -internal regulators
210 terms
Basic Physiology of the Small Intestine
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Digestion of food and Absorption of wa…
Water, salts, and food products.
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
What is the major function of the small intestine?
What does the small intestine absorb?
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
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