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Study sets matching "basic physiology"

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Study sets matching "basic physiology"

24 terms
Physiology Basic
Body fluid compartments
Ficks Law
Gibbs Donnan effect
Na/K AtPase
Total body water - 60%... Intracellular fluid - 40%... ECF 20%: I…
J (net rate of diffusion) = -DA (concentration gradient)... D -…
In the presence of a non diffusable ion, the diffuable ions d…
pump 2 Na ions out of cell and 1 K into cell using the energy…
Body fluid compartments
Total body water - 60%... Intracellular fluid - 40%... ECF 20%: I…
Ficks Law
J (net rate of diffusion) = -DA (concentration gradient)... D -…
18 terms
Basic Physiology
Bulk flow
Solute flux
Flow=
Conductance
flux of a solvent, major transport mechanism of water
flux of solute particles within a solvent
Pressure x Conductance
1/resistance
Bulk flow
flux of a solvent, major transport mechanism of water
Solute flux
flux of solute particles within a solvent
10 terms
Basic Physiology
Medulla oblongata
Pons
Cerebellum
Midbrain
Stimulates the muscles and is involved in the regulation of b…
Acts as a relay station, collecting impulses from the eyes, e…
Responsible for reflexes, coordinates movement and is involve…
Involved in hearing, is the vision relay point and pleasure a…
Medulla oblongata
Stimulates the muscles and is involved in the regulation of b…
Pons
Acts as a relay station, collecting impulses from the eyes, e…
20 terms
physiology basic
3 specific stimuli for release of Gast…
actions of gastrin
What inhibits gastin release? 3 things
what releases gastrin? what releases C…
1) small peptides & amino acids (Phe, Trp)... 2) distension of…
1) ↑ H⁺ secretion by gastric parietal cells... 2) ↑ growth of…
1) H⁺ in gastric lumen (negative feedback)... 2) Somatostatin…
Gastrin - "little gastrin" secreted by G cells in the gastric…
3 specific stimuli for release of Gast…
1) small peptides & amino acids (Phe, Trp)... 2) distension of…
actions of gastrin
1) ↑ H⁺ secretion by gastric parietal cells... 2) ↑ growth of…
123 terms
Basic Physiology
NaCl
NaHCO3
H2CO3
HCl
Sodium chloride (table salt)
Sodium bicarbonate
Carbonic acid
Hydrochloric acid
NaCl
Sodium chloride (table salt)
NaHCO3
Sodium bicarbonate
47 terms
Physiology Basics
Bases
Buffer Solutions
Strereoisomer
DNA
Release OH- in water
Resists changes in H+ concentration and tend to maintain a st…
A molecule that is a mirror image of another, and has a key f…
an organic molecule
Bases
Release OH- in water
Buffer Solutions
Resists changes in H+ concentration and tend to maintain a st…
76 terms
Physiology: Basic physiological processes
homeostasis
homeostatic control mechanisms 3 eleme…
negative feedback
positive feedback
state of regulated physiological balance
sensory receptor nerve, control centre, effector
conditions that exceed set limit trigger a negative reaction…
increase disruptive influences, not controlled
homeostasis
state of regulated physiological balance
homeostatic control mechanisms 3 eleme…
sensory receptor nerve, control centre, effector
48 terms
Anatomy & Physiology, basic
homeostasis
osteoblast
cartilage
mediastinum
term used to describe the body's ability to maintain its norm…
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the j…
central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loos…
homeostasis
term used to describe the body's ability to maintain its norm…
osteoblast
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
53 terms
Basic Processes of Physiology
Physiology
Biochemistry
Homeostasis
Blood Pressure
- the study of bodily function... - examines regulation between…
- focuses more on intracellular processes and regulation of i…
- regulating the different parts of the body (ie. sustaining…
- the physical strain on the blood vessels ... - the stretch on…
Physiology
- the study of bodily function... - examines regulation between…
Biochemistry
- focuses more on intracellular processes and regulation of i…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (basic definitions)
which plane divides the body into supe…
which plane divides the body longitudi…
which plane divides the body into left…
which plane divides the body into any…
transverse plane
frontal plane
sagittal plane
oblique plane
which plane divides the body into supe…
transverse plane
which plane divides the body longitudi…
frontal plane
10 terms
Physiology basics
normal blood glucose
normal plasma calcium
normal temp range
normal pH
70-120 mg/dL
9-10.5/11 mg/dL
36.5-37.5 C
7.35-7.45
normal blood glucose
70-120 mg/dL
normal plasma calcium
9-10.5/11 mg/dL
121 terms
Physiology Basics
Water
Plasma
Formed Elements
7.35 - 7.45
Composes 90% of Plasma
Composes 55% of Blood
Composes 45% of Blood
pH level of Blood
Water
Composes 90% of Plasma
Plasma
Composes 55% of Blood
20 terms
BASICS- Physiology
Define Physiology
What are the two components of extrace…
Which cells are the only cells that ca…
Define pathophysiology
The study of the normal functioning of a living organism and…
1) plasma 2) interstitial fluid
Epithelial cells (sometimes digestive system and respiratory)
The study of body functions in a disease state
Define Physiology
The study of the normal functioning of a living organism and…
What are the two components of extrace…
1) plasma 2) interstitial fluid
11 terms
Physiology basics
What is physiology?
Physiology is the study of
Difference between wildlife physiology…
Examples of wildlife phys enabling sur…
Chemical and physical factors responsible for origin, develop…
function of organs, systems, and tissues in living organisms
Wildlife serves for survival, domestic serves to meet our needs
Running uses skeletal, muscular, nervous systems, etc.... Feedin…
What is physiology?
Chemical and physical factors responsible for origin, develop…
Physiology is the study of
function of organs, systems, and tissues in living organisms
50 terms
EFTI - Basic Cardiovascular Physiology
Cardiovascular System
Two Roles of the CV System
Platelets
Plasma
Comprised of the heart and arteries veins of the body.
Providing oxygen to all the cells of the body. Facilitating t…
Responsible for the clotting at the site of a wound
The liquid component of blood
Cardiovascular System
Comprised of the heart and arteries veins of the body.
Two Roles of the CV System
Providing oxygen to all the cells of the body. Facilitating t…
25 terms
EFTI - Basic Exercise Physiology
Specificity
Overload
Adaptation
Rest/Recovery
What you train for is what you get.
the process of providing greater stress or load on the body t…
the body will reach homeostasis is in response to repeated st…
training adaptations take place between training sessions, no…
Specificity
What you train for is what you get.
Overload
the process of providing greater stress or load on the body t…
8 terms
Physiology Basics
According to biological rulers, what i…
What is all matter made of?
Cellular Respiration
Homeostasis
To survive and reproduce.
Chemical elements.
Process by which we convert stored energy into usable energy.
Balance.
According to biological rulers, what i…
To survive and reproduce.
What is all matter made of?
Chemical elements.
13 terms
Physiology Basics
Homeostatic Physiology
Pathophysiology
Comparative Physiology
Scientific Method
Concerned with the normal function of cells; emphasizes mecha…
Looking at how diseases/injury will take you AWAY from homeos…
Studies the differences/similarities in the functions of inve…
a. Make an observation... b. Form hypothesis -- educated guess... c…
Homeostatic Physiology
Concerned with the normal function of cells; emphasizes mecha…
Pathophysiology
Looking at how diseases/injury will take you AWAY from homeos…
36 terms
Physiology Basics
70-120 mg
9 - 10.5 mg
7.35 - 7.45
97.5 - 99.5 Degrees
What is the normal blood glucose of the body?
What is the normal plasma calcium in the blood?
What is the normal pH of blood?
What is the average body temperature?
70-120 mg
What is the normal blood glucose of the body?
9 - 10.5 mg
What is the normal plasma calcium in the blood?
Anatomy and Physiology basics
anatomy
physiology
branches of science
topics of anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
anatomy and physiology
gross or macroscopic anatomy, regional anatomy, systemic anat…
anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
physiology
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
7 terms
Physiology: Basic Organic/Biochemistry (images)
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
24 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
Produces reproductive cells in females…
Converts food to simpler molecules use…
Protects from disease; collects and re…
Eliminates wastes; maintains homeostas…
Female Reproductive System
Digestive
Lymphatic
Excretory (Urinary)
Produces reproductive cells in females…
Female Reproductive System
Converts food to simpler molecules use…
Digestive
26 terms
Basic Nerve and Muscle Physiology
The two primary cell types that make u…
efferent
afferent
What is the Action Potential?
the glia and nuerons
conducted or conducting outward or away from something
conducting or conducted inward or toward something
When a segment of the axon becomes depolarized (i.e., potenti…
The two primary cell types that make u…
the glia and nuerons
efferent
conducted or conducting outward or away from something
18 terms
Basic plant physiology
What is a cotyledon?
What is a monocot(yledon)?
What is a dicot(yledon)?
What is a true leaf?
An embryonic leaf in seed bearing plants, one of the first to…
A flowering plant with an embryo that bears a single cotyledon.
A flowering plant with an embryo that bears two cotyledons.
A foliage leaf, rather than a cotyledon.
What is a cotyledon?
An embryonic leaf in seed bearing plants, one of the first to…
What is a monocot(yledon)?
A flowering plant with an embryo that bears a single cotyledon.
13 terms
Physiology basics
What makes kidney capillaries unique?
What is the glucose in the urine indic…
Glomerular capillary membrane
What does protein in the urine mean?
Has two arterioles
Diabetes
Molecular weight selective, negatively charged
Glomerular disease
What makes kidney capillaries unique?
Has two arterioles
What is the glucose in the urine indic…
Diabetes
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical char…
Relatively large particle; uncharged and thus electrically ne…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
42 terms
Physiology - Overview of Basic Endocrine Physiology
What are the classic endocrine glands…
True/False: The liver is an endocrine…
True/False: The kidney is an endocrine…
What are the liver and kidney classifi…
1) Pituitary... 2) Thyroid... 3) Parathyroid ... 4) Endocrine Pancreas…
False
False
Non-classical hormone-secreting tissues
What are the classic endocrine glands…
1) Pituitary... 2) Thyroid... 3) Parathyroid ... 4) Endocrine Pancreas…
True/False: The liver is an endocrine…
False
25 terms
Physiology: Basic Organic/Biochemistry
molecules containing carbon
chemistry happening in living things
methane
1. It can bond to 4 different things a…
What is organic chemistry concerned with?
What is biochemistry concerned with?
What is the simplest organic molecule?
What makes carbon more versatile than any other element?
molecules containing carbon
What is organic chemistry concerned with?
chemistry happening in living things
What is biochemistry concerned with?
89 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology
physiology
anatomy
digestive system
reproductive system
Study of the functions an organism performs.
Study of structure
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
Reproduce offspring- produce male sex cells (sperm) and femal…
physiology
Study of the functions an organism performs.
anatomy
Study of structure
210 terms
Basic Physiology of the Small Intestine
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Digestion of food and Absorption of wa…
Water, salts, and food products.
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
What is the major function of the small intestine?
What does the small intestine absorb?
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
54 terms
17: Physiology: Basic Chemistry
Fundamental substances that make up ma…
Tiny particles that make up elements
Part of an atom with a positive charge
Part of an atom with a neutral charge
Elements
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
Fundamental substances that make up ma…
Elements
Tiny particles that make up elements
Atoms
51 terms
Basic Blood Physiology
What type of tissue is blood?
What are the two components of blood?
Hematopoeisis
Where is blood made?
Connective Tissue
Cells (45%) and Plasma (55%)
the formation of ALL blood cells including: RBCs and WBCs
Bone marrow
What type of tissue is blood?
Connective Tissue
What are the two components of blood?
Cells (45%) and Plasma (55%)
17 terms
Hematology: Anatomy and Physiology Basics
functions of blood
stem cell
plasma
formed elements
The blood has a variety of functions: ... Transport: Blood ta…
Cells that help the body to replenish other cells. Stem cells…
The liquid portion of the blood; 55% of the blood is composed…
A term referring to the cellular components of the blood (ery…
functions of blood
The blood has a variety of functions: ... Transport: Blood ta…
stem cell
Cells that help the body to replenish other cells. Stem cells…
18 terms
Skeletal and muscular physiology: basic terms
cranium
clavicle
femur
humerus
cranium
clavicle
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Basics
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
57 terms
Basic Muscle Physiology
Strength
Endurance
Principle of Specificity
Should we train in different planes of…
Maximal amount of one-effort Force exerted against a Maximal…
Ability to sustain Sub-Maximal Muscular Activity
Strength is specific to the ROM through which it is developed
YES & YES.
Strength
Maximal amount of one-effort Force exerted against a Maximal…
Endurance
Ability to sustain Sub-Maximal Muscular Activity
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basics
Anterior
Posterior
Frontal Plane
Median(Midsaggital) Plane
Ventral is also called?
Dorsal is also called?
Anterior
Ventral is also called?
Posterior
Dorsal is also called?
210 terms
Basic Physiology of the Small Intestine
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Digestion of food and Absorption of wa…
Water, salts, and food products.
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
What is the major function of the small intestine?
What does the small intestine absorb?
Plyorus to the Ileocecal Valve
What two points does the small intestine extends from?
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum
Name (in descending order) the three parts of the small intes…
181 terms
Basic Neurophysiology (cell physiology)
sensory input vs. motor output
consists of brain and spinal chord
consist of the Cranial nerves
what are all the functional subdivisio…
sensory input= gathered info through diff. sensory receptors…
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
1. sensory (GSA GVA)... 2. motor (GSE GVE)... 3. special (SVE SVA S…
sensory input vs. motor output
sensory input= gathered info through diff. sensory receptors…
consists of brain and spinal chord
central nervous system (CNS)
40 terms
Basic Physiology - Tissues
Muscle tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
Cuboidal
the movement specialists of the body; can maintain contractio…
Covers the body and lines various parts of the body. it's cel…
a type of epithelial cell that's flat and scale-like
a cube shaped epithelial cell, height and width are the same…
Muscle tissue
the movement specialists of the body; can maintain contractio…
Epithelial tissue
Covers the body and lines various parts of the body. it's cel…
385 terms
Ch 16 Physiology Basic Metabolism
Two states the body undergoes to provi…
Where ingested nutrients enter the blo…
Where the GI tract is empty of nutrien…
TimEframe an aveRage meaL reqUires for…
Absorptive and postabsorptive state
Absorptive state
Postabsorptive state
4H
Two states the body undergoes to provi…
Absorptive and postabsorptive state
Where ingested nutrients enter the blo…
Absorptive state
27 terms
Basic Renal Physiology
Major Function of the Kidneys
Renal Lobe:
Renal pyramid:
Renal lobule
Excretory- Harmful/excess compounds are excreted, scarce main…
portion of the kidney consisting of the renal pyramid and the…
cone shaped division of the medulla
group of nephrons around a single medullary ray
Major Function of the Kidneys
Excretory- Harmful/excess compounds are excreted, scarce main…
Renal Lobe:
portion of the kidney consisting of the renal pyramid and the…
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry Review
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Carries a negative electrical charge and is in constant motio…
Carries a positive electrical charge and is found within the…
uncharged and thus electrically neutral; found within the nuc…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Carries a negative electrical charge and is in constant motio…
56 terms
Renal system: basic physiology
Flow of blood to/from kidneys
Kidneys hormone function
Kidneys metabolic function
Kidneys filtering function
kidneys receive by renal artery (branches off abdominal aorta…
produce hormones (erythropoietin - EPO): acts on bone marrow…
metabolic organs: carry out gluconeogenesis (GNG)- production…
produce urine, filter blood (as a result, regulate levels of…
Flow of blood to/from kidneys
kidneys receive by renal artery (branches off abdominal aorta…
Kidneys hormone function
produce hormones (erythropoietin - EPO): acts on bone marrow…
27 terms
Basic Anatomy & Physiology Terms
Deep
Superficial
Superior
System
Away from the surface of the body
Toward or at the surface of the body
Toward the head or upper body
Group of organs working together for a common purpose
Deep
Away from the surface of the body
Superficial
Toward or at the surface of the body
130 terms
Topics of Physiology & Basic Chemistry
Renal System
Filrate
Neuro
Central Nervous System (C.N.S)
-Kidneys, filters blood
what is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys in the Renal…
Functions of the brain.... Contains the CNS & PNS
Contains the brain and the spinal cord
Renal System
-Kidneys, filters blood
Filrate
what is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys in the Renal…
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Atom
Electron (e-)
Proton (p+)
Neutron (n0)
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical char…
Relatively large particle; uncharged and thus electrically ne…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
Electron (e-)
Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charg…
10 terms
Basic physiology terminology
What are the primary tissue stresses
What is tension?
What is shearing?
What is compression?
Tension, Stretching, compression, shearing, and bending.
A force that pulls or stretches tissue.
A force that moves across the parallel organization of the ti…
A force that, with enough energy, crushes tissue. When the fo…
What are the primary tissue stresses
Tension, Stretching, compression, shearing, and bending.
What is tension?
A force that pulls or stretches tissue.
48 terms
Physiology: Basic Anatomical Terms
anatomy
physiology
structure
function
the study of the STRUCTURE of an organism and the relationshi…
the study of the FUNCTION of living organisms and their parts
the arrangement of body parts and elements
how organs work
anatomy
the study of the STRUCTURE of an organism and the relationshi…
physiology
the study of the FUNCTION of living organisms and their parts
330 terms
Basic Endocrine Physiology
What substance makes up the thyroid co…
What molecule regulates basal metaboli…
Does calcitonin stimulate or inhibit p…
What are the cell types found within t…
thyroglobulin
T3 (unbound)
inhibit
follicular and parafollicular
What substance makes up the thyroid co…
thyroglobulin
What molecule regulates basal metaboli…
T3 (unbound)
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