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Study sets matching "behavior analysis"

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Study sets matching "behavior analysis"

30 terms
Behavior Analysis
Behavior analysis
Behavior
Public behavior
Private behavior
A natural science that studies functional relations between b…
Everything an organism does and the interaction of the muscle…
Behavior that can be observed by others even if special instr…
Behavior that cannot be observed by others it is only accessi…
Behavior analysis
A natural science that studies functional relations between b…
Behavior
Everything an organism does and the interaction of the muscle…
15 terms
Behavior analysis
strategies in solving human problems
stimulus
stimulus control
discrimination training
behavioral, reinforcement, stimulus control
anything that affects the persons behavior
the increased probability of a discriminated behavior produce…
narrow stimulus control, one behavior, two or more stimulus s…
strategies in solving human problems
behavioral, reinforcement, stimulus control
stimulus
anything that affects the persons behavior
81 terms
Behavior Analysis
Calculate IOA
Sd
S△
CS
agreements/total observations X 100
Discriminant Stimuli; antecedent stimulis/ increases reinforc…
Antecedent stimulis decrease likelihood... Ex: light being off f…
Conditioned Stimulus; CS=>CR
Calculate IOA
agreements/total observations X 100
Sd
Discriminant Stimuli; antecedent stimulis/ increases reinforc…
20 terms
behavior analysis
what is positive reinforcement
what is negative reinforcement
what is punishment
scallop
when you add something to increase a desired action.
when you take away something to increase of a desirable action
it is a consequence that follows unwanted behavior in trying…
used when referring to fixed intervals
what is positive reinforcement
when you add something to increase a desired action.
what is negative reinforcement
when you take away something to increase of a desirable action
36 terms
Behavior Analysis
Behavior Analysis
Overt Behavior
Covert Behavior
Three Branches of Behavior Analysis
Study of fundamental relationships between behavior and the c…
Observable actions- what we can see.
Behaviors we can not observe- thinking, feeling, etc. q
Experimental: experimenter changes the environment to see if…
Behavior Analysis
Study of fundamental relationships between behavior and the c…
Overt Behavior
Observable actions- what we can see.
41 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 1
Why is behavior analytic theorizing an…
Distinguish between operation and proc…
Describe the process of elicitation, u…
Distinguish between stimulus control o…
Behavior analytic theorizing explicitly and precisely describ…
An operation is the manipulation of an independent variable,…
Elicitation is the outcome of presenting a stimulus prior to…
Stimulus control operations superimposed on stimulus presenta…
Why is behavior analytic theorizing an…
Behavior analytic theorizing explicitly and precisely describ…
Distinguish between operation and proc…
An operation is the manipulation of an independent variable,…
115 terms
Behavior Analysis
Opposed Contingencies
Macro Contingencies
Behavior Passivity
Cultural Contingencies
Two or more contingencies operating at the same time, that ha…
Different people behaving; achieving the same consequence
The notion that behavior is caused by the environment and it…
Contingencies that select the behavior of many individuals be…
Opposed Contingencies
Two or more contingencies operating at the same time, that ha…
Macro Contingencies
Different people behaving; achieving the same consequence
28 terms
Behavior Analysis
Stimulus control
Stimulus Discrimination Training
Discriminative Stimulus vs. Conditione…
Principle of Stimulus Control
...
...
Operant vs. Respondent Conditioning
Antecedents control behavior with previous link to consequences
Stimulus control
...
Stimulus Discrimination Training
...
Behavior Analysis
Flora taught her daughter Melody to re…
Fading is the procedure in which a pro…
If you gradually withdrew prompts to e…
The collection of all pairs of objects…
False
Withdrawn; Discrimination
True
Stimulus Class
Flora taught her daughter Melody to re…
False
Fading is the procedure in which a pro…
Withdrawn; Discrimination
14 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 8
Three stage process by which scientifi…
How to determine if a stimulus is an S…
What are MOs, Eos, and AOs?
Unconditioned vs. conditioned EOs
1.) More effective forms of verbal behavior are discovered... 2.…
Both an SD and an EO have the same outcome in that they will…
An EO is any event that increases the effectiveness of a cons…
Unconditioned EOs are MOs that require no history of learning…
Three stage process by which scientifi…
1.) More effective forms of verbal behavior are discovered... 2.…
How to determine if a stimulus is an S…
Both an SD and an EO have the same outcome in that they will…
66 terms
Behavior Analysis
Overt behavior
Covert behavior
Dimensions of behavior
Shaping
Actions observed by others
Internal actions cannot be observed
duration, frequency, rate, intensity
gradual change in response over trials
Overt behavior
Actions observed by others
Covert behavior
Internal actions cannot be observed
68 terms
Behavioral Analysis
Escape Behavior
Avoidance Behavior
Shuttle Avoidance Procedure
Two-Process Theory of Avoidance
Performance of the behavior terminates the aversive stimulus.
Performance of the behavior prevents the aversive stimulus fr…
Animal has to shuttle back and forth in a box to avoid an ave…
An early attempt to explain avoidance behavior.... Classical and…
Escape Behavior
Performance of the behavior terminates the aversive stimulus.
Avoidance Behavior
Performance of the behavior prevents the aversive stimulus fr…
10 terms
Behavior Analysis
Learning
Behavior
Experimental analysis of behavior
Experimental analysis objective
Refers to the acquisition, maintenance, and change of an orga…
Is everything an organism does including private and convert…
Is a natural-science approach to understanding behavior regul…
Is concerned with controlling and changing the factors that a…
Learning
Refers to the acquisition, maintenance, and change of an orga…
Behavior
Is everything an organism does including private and convert…
Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Behaviorism
Determinism
Empiricism
The science in which tactics derived from principles of behav…
The philosophy of a science of behavior, there are various fo…
The assumption that the universe is a lawful and orderly plac…
The objective observation of the phenomena of interest- Objec…
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
The science in which tactics derived from principles of behav…
Behaviorism
The philosophy of a science of behavior, there are various fo…
16 terms
Behavior Analysis
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
behaviorism
determinism
empiricism
the science in which tactics from principles of behavior are…
(also called learning theory) refers to a psychological appro…
the assumption that the universe is a lawful and orderly plac…
approach that knowledge comes from experience and science sho…
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
the science in which tactics from principles of behavior are…
behaviorism
(also called learning theory) refers to a psychological appro…
35 terms
Behavior Analysis
Learning
Behavior
Reinforcement
Respondent
the maintenance and change of an organisms behavior as a resu…
Everything the organism does, including private and covert ac…
the process of encouraging/ establishing a specific behavior
A response which increases or decreases with the presentation…
Learning
the maintenance and change of an organisms behavior as a resu…
Behavior
Everything the organism does, including private and covert ac…
31 terms
Behavior Analysis
Type 1 error
Type 2 error
Positive RF
Negative RF
Says a treatment worked when it really didn't
Concludes treatment is NOT working, when it really is
Onset of reinforcing stimulus
Termination of an aversive stimulus
Type 1 error
Says a treatment worked when it really didn't
Type 2 error
Concludes treatment is NOT working, when it really is
behavior analysis
reinforcer
dead-man test
behavior
behavior analysis
A stimulus that increases the frequency of a response it foll…
if a dead man can do it, it probably isn't behavior
A muscle, glandular, or neuro-electrical activity.
The study of the principles of behavior
reinforcer
A stimulus that increases the frequency of a response it foll…
dead-man test
if a dead man can do it, it probably isn't behavior
13 terms
Behavior Analysis
What is behavior?
Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Any muscular movement, glandular secretion, or neuro-electric…
A process or operation in which a response produces a consequ…
A process or operation in which a response is added and produ…
A process or operation in which a response terminates/decreas…
What is behavior?
Any muscular movement, glandular secretion, or neuro-electric…
Reinforcement
A process or operation in which a response produces a consequ…
11 terms
Behavior analysis
Attitides of science
Behavior analysis 4 major branches
Behaviorism
Experimental analysis
Determinism... Experimentstion... Empiricism... Replication... Parsimony…
CONCEPTUAL analysys of behavir ... ABA... BEHAVIOR service delivery…
Science of behavior
Basic research
Attitides of science
Determinism... Experimentstion... Empiricism... Replication... Parsimony…
Behavior analysis 4 major branches
CONCEPTUAL analysys of behavir ... ABA... BEHAVIOR service delivery…
64 terms
Behavior Analysis
Levels of Understanding Science
Attitude of Science
Defining Characteristic of ABA
Determinism
Description, Prediction, Control
Empiricism, Experimentation, Determinism
Applied, Effective, Conceptual, Technological
Assumption upon which science is predicted
Levels of Understanding Science
Description, Prediction, Control
Attitude of Science
Empiricism, Experimentation, Determinism
57 terms
Behavior Analysis
Reinforcer
Behavior
Dead-man test
Behavior analysis
Any stimulus, event, or condition whose presentation immediat…
A muscle, glandular, or electrical activity
If a dead man can do it, it isn't behavior
Study of the principles of behavior
Reinforcer
Any stimulus, event, or condition whose presentation immediat…
Behavior
A muscle, glandular, or electrical activity
39 terms
Behavior Analysis
What is a reinforcer?
How do you determine if a particular s…
What is a positive reinforcement conti…
What is a delay gradient?
A stimulus that increases the frequency of a response it foll…
Should be provided immediately following the behavior you're…
The response-contingent presentation of a reinforcer resultin…
The effects of reinforcement (and punishment) contingencies d…
What is a reinforcer?
A stimulus that increases the frequency of a response it foll…
How do you determine if a particular s…
Should be provided immediately following the behavior you're…
16 terms
Behavior Analysis
Aversion Therapy
Compensatory-Response Model
Counterconditioning
Flooding Therapy
A form of therapy tgat attemps to reduce the attractiveness o…
A model of conditioning in which a CS that has been repeatedl…
The procedure whereby a CS that elicits one type of response…
Treatment of phobias involving over exposure to a stimulus, m…
Aversion Therapy
A form of therapy tgat attemps to reduce the attractiveness o…
Compensatory-Response Model
A model of conditioning in which a CS that has been repeatedl…
Behavior Analysis
Schedules of reinforcement were first…
Infrequent reinforcement generates res…
Mechner notation describes:
Resurgence happens when:
B. F. Skinner
partial reinforcement effect
independent variables
behavior is put on extinction
Schedules of reinforcement were first…
B. F. Skinner
Infrequent reinforcement generates res…
partial reinforcement effect
57 terms
Behavior Analysis
Shaping
Behavior Chain
Chaining
Task Analysis
The reinforcement of successive approximations of a desired b…
A connected sequence of behaviors.... Normal have a specific ord…
The act of teaching a behavioral chain/sequences. Ex. Toddler…
Break the task down into independent components.... What do you…
Shaping
The reinforcement of successive approximations of a desired b…
Behavior Chain
A connected sequence of behaviors.... Normal have a specific ord…
65 terms
Behavior analysis
Partial reinforcement effect
B.F. Skinner
Independent variables
Behavior is put on extinction
Infrequent reinforcement generates responding that is persist…
Schedules of reinforcement were first described by
Mechner notation deacribes:
Resurgence happens when:
Partial reinforcement effect
Infrequent reinforcement generates responding that is persist…
B.F. Skinner
Schedules of reinforcement were first described by
Behavior Analysis
DRI
DRA
DRL
Differential Reinforcement
the procedure of reinforcing a behavior that is incompatible…
the procedure of reinforcing an alternative behavior instead…
the procedure of reinforcing the target behavior only when it…
any procedure that combines extinction and reinforcement to c…
DRI
the procedure of reinforcing a behavior that is incompatible…
DRA
the procedure of reinforcing an alternative behavior instead…
37 terms
behavior analysis
operant behavior
operant conditioning
respondent behavior
respondent conditioning
controlled by consequences
involves the manipulation of consequences
controlled by antecedent stimuli
involves the manipulation of consequences
operant behavior
controlled by consequences
operant conditioning
involves the manipulation of consequences
23 terms
behavior Analysis
duration
functional Assessment
Force
inter observer agreement
the length of time that something continues or lasts
Process of generating information on the events preceding and…
A push or a pull... A push or pull exerted on an object
The degree to which two or more independent observers report…
duration
the length of time that something continues or lasts
functional Assessment
Process of generating information on the events preceding and…
16 terms
Behavior analysis
Aversion therapy
Counterconditioning
Incubation
Preparatory-response theory
Behavior therapy that attempts to reduce the attractiveness o…
A CS that elicits one type of response is associated with an…
Strengthening a conditioned fear response by brief exposures…
Classical conditioning theory where the purpose of the CR is…
Aversion therapy
Behavior therapy that attempts to reduce the attractiveness o…
Counterconditioning
A CS that elicits one type of response is associated with an…
23 terms
Verbal Behavior Analysis
Verbal
Verbal behavior analysis
Tact
Mand
Refers to usages of language, not the particular form or topo…
A subfield of behavior analysis that is devoted to identifyin…
A verbal operant that occurs under nonverbal stimulus control…
A verbal operant that occurs under conditions of deprivation…
Verbal
Refers to usages of language, not the particular form or topo…
Verbal behavior analysis
A subfield of behavior analysis that is devoted to identifyin…
11 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 6
Operant vs. Operant class
Shaping
Differential reinforcement
Stimulus and response generalization
Sometimes operant refers to operant class, which is a collect…
A procedure that generates new responses through differential…
The reinforcement of consequences of some responses and not o…
Stimulus generalization is the spread of the effects of reinf…
Operant vs. Operant class
Sometimes operant refers to operant class, which is a collect…
Shaping
A procedure that generates new responses through differential…
109 terms
Behavioral analysis
Pavlov
Watson
Thorndike
Trial and error
condition reflex; dogs salivation bell
Believed everything should be based on observable behavior. F…
Principle of reinforcement and trial and error learning
animals make fewer errors with repeated trials;
Pavlov
condition reflex; dogs salivation bell
Watson
Believed everything should be based on observable behavior. F…
81 terms
behavioral analysis
punisher
Behavior Modification
Indirect Assessment
Direct Assessment
Bill spits on an umpire during a baseball game and is suspend…
The applied science and professional practice concerned with…
Interviews, questionnaires, rating scales, product measures
Direct observation and recording of the target behavior as it…
punisher
Bill spits on an umpire during a baseball game and is suspend…
Behavior Modification
The applied science and professional practice concerned with…
48 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 2
Escape Extinction
Compound schedule
Cumulative Record
Environment
Witholding the removal of an aversive stimulus following a re…
A combination of two or more schedules of reinforcement
A graph of the running total number of responses made. New re…
The entire constellation of stimuli that can affect behavior
Escape Extinction
Witholding the removal of an aversive stimulus following a re…
Compound schedule
A combination of two or more schedules of reinforcement
50 terms
Behavior Analysis
Schedules of reinforcement were first…
Infrequent reinforcement generates res…
Mechner notation describes:
Resurgence happens when:
B. F. Skinner
partial reinforcement effect
independent variables
behavior is put on extinction
Schedules of reinforcement were first…
B. F. Skinner
Infrequent reinforcement generates res…
partial reinforcement effect
19 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 3
Why is response class important for an…
What aspects of respondents can and ca…
Simultaneous conditioning
Trace conditioning
Response class is important because responses are better defi…
The properties of respondents are so highly determined by the…
A procedure in which a conditioned stimulus is followed withi…
A procedure in which a conditioned stimulus is followed with…
Why is response class important for an…
Response class is important because responses are better defi…
What aspects of respondents can and ca…
The properties of respondents are so highly determined by the…
14 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 9
Skinner's account of verbal language v…
What is verbal behavior
Mand
Tact
Skinner gives a functional analysis of verbal behavior. He id…
Behavior maintained by socially mediated reinforcement for wh…
A verbal operant maintained by a characteristic reinforcer an…
A verbal operant maintained by generalized conditioned reinfo…
Skinner's account of verbal language v…
Skinner gives a functional analysis of verbal behavior. He id…
What is verbal behavior
Behavior maintained by socially mediated reinforcement for wh…
Basic Behavior Analysis Terms
Analytic
Applied
Applied behavior analysis (ABA)
Behavior Analyst
Demonstrates experimental control over the occurrence and non…
Investigates socially significant behaviors with immediate im…
Four domains: Behaviorism; Experimental analysis of behavior…
Behavior analyst refers to an individual who holds the BCBA o…
Analytic
Demonstrates experimental control over the occurrence and non…
Applied
Investigates socially significant behaviors with immediate im…
11 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 5
Aversive control
Why punish responses, and not people?
What variables impact the effectivenes…
What are side-effects of punishment?
Sometimes, aversive control includes positive and negative pu…
Punishment is the arrangement of response consequences that m…
The effectiveness of punishment is sensitive to the delay to…
Emotional responding. Stimuli associated with punishment can…
Aversive control
Sometimes, aversive control includes positive and negative pu…
Why punish responses, and not people?
Punishment is the arrangement of response consequences that m…
9 terms
Behavior Analysis Week 7
Conditional discrimination
What is a typical MTS preparation
Why use correction procedures in MTS p…
Oddity responding
Discrimination in which their is higher order stimulus contro…
In a typical MTS, there are comparisons and a sample. Reinfor…
Correction procedures are designed to produce correct respond…
When reinforcement is arranged for the non matching compariso…
Conditional discrimination
Discrimination in which their is higher order stimulus contro…
What is a typical MTS preparation
In a typical MTS, there are comparisons and a sample. Reinfor…
13 terms
Behavioral Analysis
Criminal Investigative Analysis
National Center for Analysis of Violen…
Behavioral Profile
Prospective Profile
An investigative process that identifies major personality an…
Provides support to law enforcement for violent crimes
Identifying a type of person who committed a crime (ex. age,…
Used as a template to predict who in a population has elevate…
Criminal Investigative Analysis
An investigative process that identifies major personality an…
National Center for Analysis of Violen…
Provides support to law enforcement for violent crimes
38 terms
Behavioral Analysis
discriminative stimulus
function of Sd
a behavior is under stimulus control w…
stimulus discrimination training
Sd... present when a specific behavior is reinforced or punished
signals that reinforcement (another contingent consequence) i…
the probability of its occurrence is increased... in the presenc…
the process of reinforcing a specific behavior ONLY when the…
discriminative stimulus
Sd... present when a specific behavior is reinforced or punished
function of Sd
signals that reinforcement (another contingent consequence) i…
Behavioral Analysis
criminal investigative analysis
Behavioral profile
prospective profile
retrospective profile
The process of reviewing and assessing the facts and interpre…
Type of individual who committed crime... based on:... age, sex,…
used as a template, attempts to predict who within a group ha…
after the fact, case specific, defines personality and behavi…
criminal investigative analysis
The process of reviewing and assessing the facts and interpre…
Behavioral profile
Type of individual who committed crime... based on:... age, sex,…
20 terms
Behavioral Analysis
Learning... (Behaviorist Perspective)
Learning... (Cognitive Perspective)
Classical Conditioning
- Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)... - Uncon…
It is a relatively permanent change in behavior that arises f…
The mental change that may or may not be associated with chan…
It is the simple form of associative learning that enables or…
The Stimulus and Response in Classical Conditioning
Learning... (Behaviorist Perspective)
It is a relatively permanent change in behavior that arises f…
Learning... (Cognitive Perspective)
The mental change that may or may not be associated with chan…
98 terms
behavioral analysis
1. behavior analysis
1. behavior
1. reinforcer
2. baseline
the study of the principles of behavior
a muscle , glandular, or neuro-electrical activity
a stimulus that increases the frequency of a response it foll…
the phase of an experiment or intervention where the behavior…
1. behavior analysis
the study of the principles of behavior
1. behavior
a muscle , glandular, or neuro-electrical activity
35 terms
Behavioral Analysis
behavior
external or overt
verbal behaviors
motor behaviors
anything a person does, typically because of internal or exte…
open to view or observation; main focus of applied behavior a…
actions involving the use of language
actions involving body movement
behavior
anything a person does, typically because of internal or exte…
external or overt
open to view or observation; main focus of applied behavior a…
45 terms
SAFMEDS Applied Behavior Analysis
Contiguity
Positive Reinforcement
Stimulus Control
Negative Reinforcement
The closeness of events in time
Some stimulus is presented after a behavior and this increase…
When responding occurs in the presences of an antecedent stim…
The removal of a stimulus following a response that increases…
Contiguity
The closeness of events in time
Positive Reinforcement
Some stimulus is presented after a behavior and this increase…
404 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis: Glossary
A-B design
A-B-A design
A-B-A-B design
abative effect
2-phase design: 1. Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment c…
3-phase design: Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment cond…
4-phase design: Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment cond…
A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been…
A-B design
2-phase design: 1. Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment c…
A-B-A design
3-phase design: Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment cond…
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