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Study sets matching "bhsbio2 cells tissue"

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Study sets matching "bhsbio2 cells tissue"

30 terms
9th grade cell structure and function
cell membrane
chloroplasts
nucleus
nuclear membrane
What is on outside of cells and controls what comes in and ou…
What is found in plant cells and contains chlorophyll?
What controls most of the processes in the cell?
What surrounds the nucleus in the cell?
cell membrane
What is on outside of cells and controls what comes in and ou…
chloroplasts
What is found in plant cells and contains chlorophyll?
27 terms
Transcription and Translation
RNA
Transcription
Translation
mRNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
It is the process of transcribing or making a copy of genetic…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Transcription
It is the process of transcribing or making a copy of genetic…
219 terms
cell tissue exam 2
derivation of connective tissue
active fibroblasts
quiescent fibroblasts
cortisol effect
mesenchymal cells differentiate into the different connective…
- synthesis... - don't usually divide except with wounds
- inactive... - fibrocyte... - smaller... - eosinophilic... - heterochrom…
inhibits fibroblasts
derivation of connective tissue
mesenchymal cells differentiate into the different connective…
active fibroblasts
- synthesis... - don't usually divide except with wounds
103 terms
Cells and Tissues 2
Levels of organization
Functions of DNA
Cell
Tissue
-Atomes... -Molecule... -Cells... -Tissue... -Organs... -Organ Systems... -Orga…
-Carries genetic information... -Determines cellular activity &…
Carries out the chemical activities to sustain life and are t…
Groups of similar cells in structure and function
Levels of organization
-Atomes... -Molecule... -Cells... -Tissue... -Organs... -Organ Systems... -Orga…
Functions of DNA
-Carries genetic information... -Determines cellular activity &…
11 terms
Cells and Tissue (2)
cytoplasm
dendrite
deoxyribonucleic acid
gila
gel-like substabce if a cell exclusive of the nucleus and pla…
branching or tree like nerve cell process that receives input…
genetic material of the cell that carries the chemical bluepr…
non-excitable supporting cells of nervous tissue, formerly ca…
cytoplasm
gel-like substabce if a cell exclusive of the nucleus and pla…
dendrite
branching or tree like nerve cell process that receives input…
113 terms
Unit 2: Cells and Tissues
Loose Connective Tissue (areolar)
Adipose Tissue
Dense Connective Tissue
Hyaline Cartilage
Loose Connective Tissue (areolar)
Adipose Tissue
17 terms
Cell & Tissue Biology: Epithelium 2
3 major cytoskeletal elements
Actin microfilaments
Actin microfilament movements
Intermediate filaments
1. Actin microfilaments... 2. Intermediate filaments... 3. Microtub…
• Smallest cytoskeletal element: 6 nm... • Form a felt work (cor…
• Dynamic because the can add subunits to the (+) end and rem…
• Diameter is 10 nm-12 nm filaments, i.e. between that of act…
3 major cytoskeletal elements
1. Actin microfilaments... 2. Intermediate filaments... 3. Microtub…
Actin microfilaments
• Smallest cytoskeletal element: 6 nm... • Form a felt work (cor…
75 terms
Cell & Tissue Part 2
body tissue
epithelial tissue (epithelium)... connect…
epithelial tissue
epithelial tissue
groups of cells with similar structure and functions
four primary types
locations:... body coverings... body linings... glandular tissue
functions:... protection... absorption... filtration... secretion
body tissue
groups of cells with similar structure and functions
epithelial tissue (epithelium)... connect…
four primary types
34 terms
2: Anatomy: Cells and Tissues
The two general types of cells are sex…
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
somatic
cytoplasm
nucleus
cell membrane
The two general types of cells are sex…
somatic
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
cytoplasm
94 terms
Anatomy 2- Cells/Tissues
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell that contains a membrane bound or…
Membrane bound organelles are?
simple, small, and lack a nucleus (bacteria)
more complex, larger, and have a nucleus.
eukaryotic cells
mitochondria, er
Prokaryotic Cells
simple, small, and lack a nucleus (bacteria)
Eukaryotic Cells
more complex, larger, and have a nucleus.
Section 2 Cell Tissue
Tissues (define)
Histology (define)
4 primary tissue types
Organ (define)
groups of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fun…
the study of tissues
Epithelial (covering)... Connective (support... Muscle (movement)... N…
Collections of tissues
Tissues (define)
groups of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fun…
Histology (define)
the study of tissues
13 terms
Cells and tissue vocab #2
Cytoplasm
Dendrite
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Glia
gellike substance of a cell exclusive of the nucleus and othe…
branching or treelike, a nerve cell process that transmits im…
genetic material of the cell that carries the chemical bluepr…
supporting cells of nervous tissue, neuroglia
Cytoplasm
gellike substance of a cell exclusive of the nucleus and othe…
Dendrite
branching or treelike, a nerve cell process that transmits im…
43 terms
Cell & Tissue Exam 2
Connective Tissue Definition & Function
What are the 3 major components of con…
Name the 2 Classifications of Proper o…
Name the 2 classifications of Fluid Co…
is one of the four basic tissues of the body. Also has a vari…
Amorphous ground substance... Cells- large variation depending o…
Loose (areolar CT)... Dense (irregular and regular- ligaments &t…
Blood... Lymph
Connective Tissue Definition & Function
is one of the four basic tissues of the body. Also has a vari…
What are the 3 major components of con…
Amorphous ground substance... Cells- large variation depending o…
196 terms
Week 2 - Cells + Tissues
another name for triglycerides
which kinds of molecules cannot cross…
where are triglycerides found in large…
what is the purpose of triglycerides t…
neutral fats
trigylcerides and larger... anything polar
they are in adipose: hypodermis, kidney, heart, bone
shock... insulation
another name for triglycerides
neutral fats
which kinds of molecules cannot cross…
trigylcerides and larger... anything polar
26 terms
Cell & Tissue Lecture 2
What functions in the synthesis of fat…
What does the smooth ER store?
What is the smooth ER abundant in?
Each Golgi cisternae contains a unique…
The smooth ER
calcium
hepatocytes
glycolyzation enzymes
What functions in the synthesis of fat…
The smooth ER
What does the smooth ER store?
calcium
27 terms
Unit 2: Cells & Tissues
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscular tissue
nervous tissue
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
Contracts and moves the various parts of the body.
Tissue that senses stimuli and transmits signals.
epithelial tissue
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
connective tissue
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
18 terms
Lecture 2: Tissues and Cells
Surrounding structures in plant cell f…
Shoot system
Root system
Three organ systems
Primary cell wall, secondary cell wall, cell membrane
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
Roots, Stems, Leaves
Surrounding structures in plant cell f…
Primary cell wall, secondary cell wall, cell membrane
Shoot system
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
31 terms
Cell/Cancer/Tissue 2
Tissue
Epithelial Tissues
Basement Membrane
Avascular
Group of similar cells that performs a specialized function/…
Type of tissue that lines the bodys internal cavities and cov…
a thin, delicate membrane of protein fibers and glycosaminogl…
characterized by or associated with a lack of blood vessels.
Tissue
Group of similar cells that performs a specialized function/…
Epithelial Tissues
Type of tissue that lines the bodys internal cavities and cov…
28 terms
2. Cells and tissues and division
parts of the cell
structure and function of the cellular…
function of the plasma membrane
concentration gradient
The cell can be subdivided into 3 parts:... 1. Plasma (cell) mem…
In biology organs are defined as confined functional units wi…
The plasma membrane is a flexible yet sturdy barrier... that su…
difference in the... concentration of a chemical between one sid…
parts of the cell
The cell can be subdivided into 3 parts:... 1. Plasma (cell) mem…
structure and function of the cellular…
In biology organs are defined as confined functional units wi…
57 terms
Cell Mol: Nervous tissue 2
Anatomical subdivisions NS
CNS ... gray matter... -location 3
CNS ... gray matter... nuclei
CNS... white matter ... components... - 3
1. PNS... 2. CNS
1. Cerebral cortex... 2. Cerebellar cortex... 3. Nuclei
collections of nerve cell bodies and neuroglia embedded deep…
myelinated nerve cell axons with some unmyelinated axons and…
Anatomical subdivisions NS
1. PNS... 2. CNS
CNS ... gray matter... -location 3
1. Cerebral cortex... 2. Cerebellar cortex... 3. Nuclei
54 terms
Terminology #2 Cells, Tissue
-actin-o
-aden-o
-adip-o
areol-
ray, star-like
gland
fat
small space
-actin-o
ray, star-like
-aden-o
gland
41 terms
cells and tissues pt 2 tissues
vascular
avascular
tissue
epithelial tissue
Of or relating to blood vessels
without blood vessels
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A body tissue that covers the interior and exterior surfaces…
vascular
Of or relating to blood vessels
avascular
without blood vessels
24 terms
Cell and Tissue Structure 2
What is connective tissue?
What is an example of loose connective…
What are example of dense connective t…
What is the extra-cellular matrix?
A tissue that lies between two other tisues
Serous membrane tissues, as well as blood and adipose tissue
Bone, cartialage and dermis of skin
The material outside cells
What is connective tissue?
A tissue that lies between two other tisues
What is an example of loose connective…
Serous membrane tissues, as well as blood and adipose tissue
31 terms
Unit 2 Cell Tissues
Binding and support, storing reserve f…
extracellular matrix,
in connective tissue proper
in cartilage
Major function of connective tissue
characteristic of connective tissue
fibroblasts
chondroblasts
Binding and support, storing reserve f…
Major function of connective tissue
extracellular matrix,
characteristic of connective tissue
30 terms
Ch 2. Cells and Tissues
Carbohydrates
Ribosomes
Elasticity
Proteins
Sugar and starch molecules; saccharides
Very large enzymes that make polypeptides
The ability of a material to spring back to its original shap…
A large biological molecule made of chains of dozens to hundr…
Carbohydrates
Sugar and starch molecules; saccharides
Ribosomes
Very large enzymes that make polypeptides
46 terms
Chapter 2: Cells and Tissues
Epithelial tissue
Muscular tissue
Neural tissue
Connective tissue
Make up the inside or outside lining of an organ.
Have the ability to contract and relax
Have the ability to transmit an impulse or are involved in pr…
Has a matrix of some sort. The cells are embedded in the matr…
Epithelial tissue
Make up the inside or outside lining of an organ.
Muscular tissue
Have the ability to contract and relax
33 terms
Chapter 2 Cells and Tissues
amino acid
ATP
DNA
enzyme
a simple organic compound containing both a carboxyl (—COOH)…
A nucleotide, C10H16N5O13P3, that is composed of adenosine an…
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
amino acid
a simple organic compound containing both a carboxyl (—COOH)…
ATP
A nucleotide, C10H16N5O13P3, that is composed of adenosine an…
89 terms
Chapter 2: Cells & Tissues
Epithelial tissue (cells)
epithelial tissue (def)
simple squamous cells
Stratified squamous cells
Squamous cells... Columnar cells... Cuboid cells... (what type of tiss…
lines the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the…
one cell thick, very thin, permeable... found in protected regio…
in layers, flat, scale-like, surface cells are shed and repla…
Epithelial tissue (cells)
Squamous cells... Columnar cells... Cuboid cells... (what type of tiss…
epithelial tissue (def)
lines the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the…
137 terms
Cell and Tissue Exam 2
Cartilage forming cells are called?
Cartilage is made up of what three ele…
What are Chondroblasts called when the…
How does cartilage get nutrients
Chondroblasts
Cells, Fibers, Extracellular matrix
Chondrocytes
from diffusion (cartilage is avascular and no nerves)
Cartilage forming cells are called?
Chondroblasts
Cartilage is made up of what three ele…
Cells, Fibers, Extracellular matrix
59 terms
Chapter 2- Cells and Tissues
Glucose
Polymer
Glycogen
Amino Acids
Is a monosaccharide (Simple Sugar) and the main form of sugar…
A molecule made up of many sub units.
Is a polymer of glucose, is found in animals. (Liver and Musc…
Building Blocks of protein.
Glucose
Is a monosaccharide (Simple Sugar) and the main form of sugar…
Polymer
A molecule made up of many sub units.
206 terms
KSUCPM Cell and Tissue Exam 2
types of bones
osteoid
makes osteoid
hydroxyapatite crystals
long, short, flat, irregular, sesamoid
bony matrix made of uncalcified bone
collagen type 1, gags, glycoproteins
calcify osteoid to make hard bony matrix
types of bones
long, short, flat, irregular, sesamoid
osteoid
bony matrix made of uncalcified bone
37 terms
Unit 2: Cells and Tissues
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Rough and Smooth. Rough is studded with ribosomes that produc…
The outer boundary of the cell that is selectively permeable.…
Powerhouse of the cell. Produces ATP for energy during cellul…
The control center or the brain of the cell. Contains genes w…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough and Smooth. Rough is studded with ribosomes that produc…
Cell Membrane
The outer boundary of the cell that is selectively permeable.…
157 terms
Unit 2: Cells and Tissues
Simple Squamous
Stratified Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Stratified Cuboidal
-single layer of thin flat cells, broad thin nuclei... -filtrati…
-layers, cells divide and flatten cells at top... -protection
-single layer of cube-shaped cells, centrally located sphere…
-2-3 layers... -protection
Simple Squamous
-single layer of thin flat cells, broad thin nuclei... -filtrati…
Stratified Squamous
-layers, cells divide and flatten cells at top... -protection
Chapter 2- Cells and Tissues
Four elements that make up the bulk of…
Trace Elements
Cells
Tissues
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
Calcium, iron, iodine, potassium
The building blocks of all living things. Cells are not all t…
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Four elements that make up the bulk of…
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
Trace Elements
Calcium, iron, iodine, potassium
54 terms
Module 2: Cells & Tissues
transport protein
concentration gradient
passive transport
osmosis
an embedded protein that helps a certain type of substance to…
a region along which the concentration of a substance increas…
the diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane wit…
the diffusion of water across a membrane
transport protein
an embedded protein that helps a certain type of substance to…
concentration gradient
a region along which the concentration of a substance increas…
28 terms
IMS 2 - Cells and Tissue
Features of epithelia
Functions of epithelia
Specialized epithelia
Cell-cell adhesion complex
Cellularity, polarity, attachment, avascularity, regeneration
protection, absorption, filtration, secretion, transportation…
recpetor cells... Podocytes... Valves... Macula dense cells... hair cells…
Desmosomes, allows cells to become joined into strong epithel…
Features of epithelia
Cellularity, polarity, attachment, avascularity, regeneration
Functions of epithelia
protection, absorption, filtration, secretion, transportation…
11 terms
Cells and tissues -lecture 2
5 cell junctions
Cytoskeleton-Microfilaments
Cytoskeleton-Intermediate filaments
Tight junctions
Tight junctions, adherns junctions, gap junctions, desmosomes…
(brown) e.g. actin- bundles beneath cell membrane and cytopla…
(purple) e.g. keratin- strength, move materials through cytop…
are lateral, individually seals strands, Joins the cytoskelet…
5 cell junctions
Tight junctions, adherns junctions, gap junctions, desmosomes…
Cytoskeleton-Microfilaments
(brown) e.g. actin- bundles beneath cell membrane and cytopla…
89 terms
Unit 2 (Cells and tissues)
tissues
types of tissue (4)
Epithelial tissue
function of epithelial tissue
groups of closely related cells; similar in structure and per…
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
covers/lines epithelium (on all free body surfaces);... glandula…
protection- skin... absorption- digestive tract... filtration- kidn…
tissues
groups of closely related cells; similar in structure and per…
types of tissue (4)
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
19 terms
Wk2 cells and tissue
Cell plasme can be divided into 3 parts
Plasma membrane
Concentration gradient
Electrical gradients
Plasma (cell) membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
Surrounds and contains the cytoplasm of the cell -flexible ye…
Difference in the concentration of a chemical between one sid…
Difference in concentration of ions between one side of the p…
Cell plasme can be divided into 3 parts
Plasma (cell) membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
Plasma membrane
Surrounds and contains the cytoplasm of the cell -flexible ye…
38 terms
cells and tissue part 2
interphase and mitosis
interphase
cell division
DNA replication
two major periods of the cell cycle
cell grows and carry on metabolic processes, organelles are r…
cell replicates itself and function is to produce more cells…
genetic material is duplicated and readies a cell for divisio…
interphase and mitosis
two major periods of the cell cycle
interphase
cell grows and carry on metabolic processes, organelles are r…
Physio 2:Cells and Tissues
4 Parts of cel theory
Cell Membrane
Factors that determine if a substance…
What are the cell membrane transportat…
1) All cells come from preexisting cells... 2) Cells are the sma…
Function: Surrounds cell: lets materials in or out, provides…
1)The thickness of the cell membrane... 2)The mass of the solute…
Osmosis, diffusion, passive & active transport, and exo & end…
4 Parts of cel theory
1) All cells come from preexisting cells... 2) Cells are the sma…
Cell Membrane
Function: Surrounds cell: lets materials in or out, provides…
70 terms
Cells and Tissues (TEST 2)
Cell membrane
Cell Membrane Channels
Cell junction
Cytoplasm
"Gate Keeper." separates cell contents from interstitial flui…
made of proteins. A passage through a cell membrane used for…
point of contact between adjacent plasma membranes. protein s…
The cytoplasm comprises cytosol (the gel-like substance enclo…
Cell membrane
"Gate Keeper." separates cell contents from interstitial flui…
Cell Membrane Channels
made of proteins. A passage through a cell membrane used for…
50 terms
BIO 2 : cells and tissues
tissue
How many types of primary tissues?
epithelial
connective
group of cells that are similar in function and structure
4
covering
support
tissue
group of cells that are similar in function and structure
How many types of primary tissues?
4
14 terms
Ch. 2 Cells and Tissues
Four Types of Tissues
8 Types of Connective and Supporting T…
Epithelium covers ___ and lines ___
Epithelium lacks ___ and is nourished…
1. Epithelium... 2. Connective and Supporting... 3. Muscle... 4. Nerve
B one... L ymphatic... E lastic... A dipose... C artilage... H ematopoietic…
exterior; interior of surfaces that communicates outside (GIT…
blood vessels, diffusion
Four Types of Tissues
1. Epithelium... 2. Connective and Supporting... 3. Muscle... 4. Nerve
8 Types of Connective and Supporting T…
B one... L ymphatic... E lastic... A dipose... C artilage... H ematopoietic…
59 terms
Lecture 2 - Cells to Tissue
Cell membrane (plasma) is made of:
What is the cytoplasm and what is its…
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosomes
phospholipid bilayer
Fluid portion of the cell (aka cytosol)... Suspension of the org…
Highway system of the cell... Plasma membrane -> nuclear membran…
- free floating within the ER... -protein manufacturing... -made of…
Cell membrane (plasma) is made of:
phospholipid bilayer
What is the cytoplasm and what is its…
Fluid portion of the cell (aka cytosol)... Suspension of the org…
Ch 2 - cells and tissue
homeostasis
sex cells
somatic cells
cell layer is composed of
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
sperm or oocyte
all body cells that aren't sex cells
phospholipid bilayer
homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
sex cells
sperm or oocyte
40 terms
Unit 2: Cells and Tissue
Plasma membrane
Rough ER
Endoplasmic reticulum
...
...
Transport system, helps synthesize lipids
Plasma membrane
...
Rough ER
...
21 terms
Cells and Tissues 2
Dense regular collagenous
intervertebral disks
Red bone marrow
It has a low blood supply
Connective tissue in tendons is ___________.
Proteoglycans are found in ___________.
Hemopoietic tissue is found in ____________.
Why does cartilage heal slowly?
Dense regular collagenous
Connective tissue in tendons is ___________.
intervertebral disks
Proteoglycans are found in ___________.
47 terms
Cell and tissue lab #2
Cytoplasm
Mitochondrial
Active process
Adenine
Cellular material located outside the nucleus yet inside the…
The organelle responsible for making the majority of ATP in a…
The movement of substance through the cell membrane against t…
Thymine
Cytoplasm
Cellular material located outside the nucleus yet inside the…
Mitochondrial
The organelle responsible for making the majority of ATP in a…
31 terms
Cells & Tissues lecture 2
Microfilament
Intermediate filaments
Tight junctions
Microtubules
Actin... thread-like protein fibres, bundles beneath cytoplasm a…
Keratin... strength, move materials through cytoplasm
consists of network of proteins (occludins, claudins)... seal ad…
Tubulin ... cylindrical tubes, scaffold to determine cell shape,…
Microfilament
Actin... thread-like protein fibres, bundles beneath cytoplasm a…
Intermediate filaments
Keratin... strength, move materials through cytoplasm
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