Study sets matching "bilogy honors"

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Study sets matching "bilogy honors"

23 terms
bilogy honors chapter 2 review
What is an isotope? What are the 3 iso…
What is a monomer?
What is a polymer?
What is a chemical reaction's activati…
Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons…
one small molecule
many small monomers fused together to make a... large molecule
energy needed to get a reaction started
What is an isotope? What are the 3 iso…
Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons…
What is a monomer?
one small molecule
23 terms
Bilogy "Life"
cells
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
asexual reproduction
smallest working unit that can carry out life processes like…
has a nucleus
does not have a nucleus
without mate (one parent) offspring is identical to parent
cells
smallest working unit that can carry out life processes like…
eukaryotic
has a nucleus
8 terms
Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Vocabulary
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Light-dependent reactions
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms
set of reactions in photosynthesis that use energy from light…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Photosynthesis
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
stroma
Thylakoids
Calvin Cycle
light dependent
The region outside the thylakoid membranes in the chloroplast…
Sac like photosynthetic membranes located in the chloroplast.
During the _______ plants use energy that ATP and NADPH conta…
These type of reactions require light
stroma
The region outside the thylakoid membranes in the chloroplast…
Thylakoids
Sac like photosynthetic membranes located in the chloroplast.
19 terms
Cell Parts and Organelles- bilogy ch. 3.2- sm. 1
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
Nucleus
material between the cell membrane and the nucleus
two membranes surrounding the nucleus allowing materials to m…
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cytoplasm
material between the cell membrane and the nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
two membranes surrounding the nucleus allowing materials to m…
23 terms
Bio - Chapter 8 - Photosynthesis
ATP
ADP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Made of a 5 carbon sugar (ribose), adenine, and three phospha…
Made of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate groups
Not able to make their own food
Able to make their own food
ATP
Made of a 5 carbon sugar (ribose), adenine, and three phospha…
ADP
Made of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate groups
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Eukaryotic Cell
Chloroplast
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
A cell that contains a nucleus to hold DNA. Plant and animal…
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis ta…
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food.
Heterotroph
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
Honors Biology: Chapter 8 & 10
Chromosomes
chromosome structure in Eukaryotes
chromosome structure in prokaryotes
chromosome number
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
DNA wraps around proteins called histones to help maintain th…
simpler in structure, DNA is in a circle (not linear), reprod…
each species has a characteristic number of chromosomes in ea…
Chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
chromosome structure in Eukaryotes
DNA wraps around proteins called histones to help maintain th…
20 terms
Cell Parts
Cell
Cell Theory
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
The basic unit of all living things
The theory that states that cells must originate from other c…
The organelle that is the site of photosynthesis in plants, p…
The organelle that breaks down glucose into usable energy for…
Cell
The basic unit of all living things
Cell Theory
The theory that states that cells must originate from other c…
Chapter 7.1&7.2 Biology
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of all forms of life
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wh…
structure that contains the cell's genetic material in the fo…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
cell theory
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
30 terms
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Biology
detection
transmission
perception
5 different types of receptors
ability to respond to stimulus
point of stimulus to brain
information received from brain
chemoreceptor--taste... mechanoreceptor--touch... photoreceptor--ey…
detection
ability to respond to stimulus
transmission
point of stimulus to brain
Honors Biology: Cells and Homeostasis/Cell Transport (Chapters 4 & 5)
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
cells
cell theory
discovered cells in slices of cork, gave them names
first to observe living cells in microorganisms
smallest unit that can carry on the process of life
1. all living things are made of one or more cells ... 2. cells…
Robert Hooke
discovered cells in slices of cork, gave them names
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
first to observe living cells in microorganisms
Chapter 7.3&7.4 Biology
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
aquaporin
osmosis
process by which particles tend to move from an area where th…
process of diffusion in which molecules pass across the membr…
water channel protein in a cell
diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
process by which particles tend to move from an area where th…
facilitated diffusion
process of diffusion in which molecules pass across the membr…
16 terms
Cell Theory & Cell Parts
cell
cell theory
organelle
cell wall
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
a tiny structure that carries out a function within a cell
a rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
cell theory
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
12.4 Gene Regulation and Mutations
Mutation
Point Mutation
Mutagen
Substitution
changes in DNA or mRNA sequence
a change in one or a few nucleotides coding for a gene
an agent that causes genetic mutation
one nucleotide is replaced by another nucleotide
Mutation
changes in DNA or mRNA sequence
Point Mutation
a change in one or a few nucleotides coding for a gene
25 terms
5.1 The Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
4 Main Stages of the Cell Cycle
Interphase stages
Gap 1
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Gap 1, Synthesis, Gap 2, and Mitosis.
Gap 1, Synthesis, and Gap 2
Cell carries out normal functions.... Cells increase insize, and…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
4 Main Stages of the Cell Cycle
Gap 1, Synthesis, Gap 2, and Mitosis.
30 terms
5.2 Mitosis and Cytokinesis
Key Concept
Main Ideas
DNA
Chromosome
Cells divide during mitosis and cytokinesis
Chromosomes condense at the start of mitosis... Mitosis and cyto…
Double-stranded molecule made of 4 different subunits called…
1 long continouous thread of DNA that consists of numerous ge…
Key Concept
Cells divide during mitosis and cytokinesis
Main Ideas
Chromosomes condense at the start of mitosis... Mitosis and cyto…
165 terms
Honors Biology Final Exam Chapter 1-10
Parts of scientific method
Observation
Hypothesis
Independent variable
1. observing ... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Control and experimental group…
Act of noticing and describing events or processes in a caref…
Scientific explanation for a set of observations that can be…
Variable that is deliberately changed
Parts of scientific method
1. observing ... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Control and experimental group…
Observation
Act of noticing and describing events or processes in a caref…
110 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 4&5
thylakoid
cell
tissue
cytosol
flattened sac in a chloroplast
basic unit of life
group of cells that carry out a specific function
part of the cytoplasm
thylakoid
flattened sac in a chloroplast
cell
basic unit of life
10 terms
12.3 The Central Dogma of Biology
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
Transcription
Messenger RNA/ carries instruction from DNA to the ribosome
Ribosomal RNA/ makes up the ribosomes
Transfer RNA/ carries amino acids to the ribosomes
DNA -> RNA
mRNA
Messenger RNA/ carries instruction from DNA to the ribosome
rRNA
Ribosomal RNA/ makes up the ribosomes
54 terms
Honors Biology Practice Exam
Which of the following is a characteri…
Which of the following is not a partia…
Scientific hypotheses are most often t…
A unifying explanation for a broad ran…
A
C
A
B
Which of the following is a characteri…
A
Which of the following is not a partia…
C
10 terms
17.1 Classification
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Scientific Name
Cell type
the science of naming and classifying organisms
a two word system for naming an organism
genus name and species name put together to make the binomial…
prokaryote or eukaryote
Taxonomy
the science of naming and classifying organisms
Binomial nomenclature
a two word system for naming an organism
41 terms
Honors Biology-Chapter 34 The Biosphere
ecology
biotic factors
abiotic factors
habitat
scientific study of the interactions of organisms with their…
living component of the environment
nonliving component of the environment
biotic and abiotic factors present in surroundings
ecology
scientific study of the interactions of organisms with their…
biotic factors
living component of the environment
21 terms
Protein Synthesis
DNA... (deoxyribonucleic acid)
RNA
NUCLEOTIDE
mRNA
-nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose... - double he…
-single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the ... - sugar ribo…
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA... (deoxyribonucleic acid)
-nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose... - double he…
RNA
-single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the ... - sugar ribo…
15.2 Evidence of Evolution
Homologous Structures
Vestigial Structures
Analogous Structures
Transition Fossil
structurally similar features inherited from a common ancestor
reduced forms of functional structures found in related organ…
Structures that have similar function but did not come from a…
shows features shared by different species
Homologous Structures
structurally similar features inherited from a common ancestor
Vestigial Structures
reduced forms of functional structures found in related organ…
15.3 Neo-Darwin Ideas about Evolution
Genetic Drift
Founder Effect
Bottleneck
Allopatric Speciation
evolution due to chance
occurs when a small sample of a population settles in a locat…
occurs when a species declines to a very low level and then r…
population become isolated by a physical barrier/ eventually…
Genetic Drift
evolution due to chance
Founder Effect
occurs when a small sample of a population settles in a locat…
12.1 DNA
Nucleotides
Purine
Pyrimidine
Chargaff's Base-pairing Rules
sub units of DNA/ link together to make DNA/3 Parts
base of DNA with 2 rings
base of DNA with 1 ring
Adenine pairs with thymine and guanine pairs with cytosine
Nucleotides
sub units of DNA/ link together to make DNA/3 Parts
Purine
base of DNA with 2 rings
12.2 Replication of DNA
DNA Replication
Semi conservative Replication
DNA Helicase
Replication Fork
the process of making a copy of DNA
New DNA strands consist of one new strand and one old, parent…
Unwinds the DNA strands/ breaks the hygrogen bonds of the bases
the area where the double helix separates
DNA Replication
the process of making a copy of DNA
Semi conservative Replication
New DNA strands consist of one new strand and one old, parent…
10.1 extended
Fission
Fragmentation
Budding
Parthenogenesis
the separation of a parent into 2 individuals
the growth of an organism from a part that has broken off
new individuals split off from existing individuals
the development of unfertilized eggs into a new individual
Fission
the separation of a parent into 2 individuals
Fragmentation
the growth of an organism from a part that has broken off
74 terms
Biology Chapter 7
diffusion
dynamic equilibrium
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
condition of continuous, random movement of particles but no…
passive transport of ions and small molecules across the plas…
diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
dynamic equilibrium
condition of continuous, random movement of particles but no…
20 terms
Biology Section 3.3: Cell Transport
Concentration
Concentration gradient
Passive transport
Diffusion
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
the process of molecular movement which does not require energy
the net movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Concentration
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
Concentration gradient
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
24 terms
Chapter 7- Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food (Campbell Biology)
autotroph
C3 plant
C4 plant
Calvin cycle
An organism that makes its own food (often by photosynthesis)…
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
A plant that prefaces the Calvin cycle with reactions that in…
The second of two stages of photosynthesis; a cyclic series o…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food (often by photosynthesis)…
C3 plant
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
12 terms
15.1 Evolution by Natural Selection
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Evolution
Adaption
directed breeding to produce offspring with desired traits/ s…
organisms with physical or behavioral traits that better suit…
a population changing traits over a period of time
a change in a species that results in it being better suited…
Artificial Selection
directed breeding to produce offspring with desired traits/ s…
Natural Selection
organisms with physical or behavioral traits that better suit…
16 terms
Chapter 10 Section 10.1
Somatic Cells
Gametes
Homologous Chromosomes
Diploid
formed through mitosis
formed through meiosis
the 23 pairs of chromosomes in gametes
a cell with both sets of chromosomes
Somatic Cells
formed through mitosis
Gametes
formed through meiosis
Cell Parts
Chloroplast
Cytoskeleton
Golgi Complex (Apparatus)
Cell Wall
Function - Make sugar (glucose) through photosynthesis... Form -…
Function - Gives shape, structure and support and assists in…
Function - Sort / modify molecules and packages them in vesic…
Function - Helps maintain shape, structure and support on the…
Chloroplast
Function - Make sugar (glucose) through photosynthesis... Form -…
Cytoskeleton
Function - Gives shape, structure and support and assists in…
11.3 Karyotypes and Fetal Testing
Autosomes
Sex Chromosomes
Karyotype
Nondisjuntion
first 22 pairs of chromosomes
chromosome pair number 23
a picture of all the homologous chromosomes in a cell
chromosomes fail to separate properly
Autosomes
first 22 pairs of chromosomes
Sex Chromosomes
chromosome pair number 23
72 terms
Ecology
ecology
biotic
abiotic
organism
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment.
Any nonliving component of an environment
individual living thing
ecology
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
biotic
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment.
11.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance
Incomplete Dominance
Codominance
Multiple Alleles
Epistasis
no dominant allele exists
two dominant alleles are expressed at the same time
traits controlled by more than two alleles
the allele of one gene hides the effects of an allele of anot…
Incomplete Dominance
no dominant allele exists
Codominance
two dominant alleles are expressed at the same time
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Section 9.3
Checkpoints
Cell Growth Checkpoint (after G1)
DNA Synthesis Checkpoints (after S and…
Mitosis Checkpoint (after M)
Trigger the cell to either go to the next phase or remain in…
decides whether or not the cell will divide
DNA is checked to make sure no mistakes have been made when c…
checks that the chromatids were correctly separated by spindl…
Checkpoints
Trigger the cell to either go to the next phase or remain in…
Cell Growth Checkpoint (after G1)
decides whether or not the cell will divide
30 terms
UbD3.2 Cells
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
energy "currency" for the cell, catalyzes all metabolic react…
molecule resulting from cellular respiration, and formed in t…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
21 terms
Cell Organelles Quiz
Smooth ER
Plasma Membrane
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Lacks ribosomes and thus has a smooth appearance
Covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the ins…
Are organisms that lack a membrane bound nucleus and membrane…
Organisms made up of one or more cells that have a nucleus an…
Smooth ER
Lacks ribosomes and thus has a smooth appearance
Plasma Membrane
Covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the ins…
51 terms
Biochemistry w/pics
matter
element
compound
molecule
anything composed of atoms
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
2 or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
matter
anything composed of atoms
element
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
33 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 7 Vocab
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of all forms of life
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wh…
structure that contains the cell's genetic material in the fo…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
cell theory
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
12 terms
Animal Cells
nucleus
cytoplasm
vacuole
mitochondria
The brain of the cell that controls cell activity and is the…
The jelly-like substance that holds and protects the cells' o…
A large sac that holds food, water, and waste and sequesters…
The powerhouse of the cell because they release energy.
nucleus
The brain of the cell that controls cell activity and is the…
cytoplasm
The jelly-like substance that holds and protects the cells' o…
46 terms
Chapter 2- The Chemistry of Life
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that has mass and takes up space.
a measure of the amount of matter in an object.
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object.
12 terms
Meiosis I and II
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
1. Chromosomes condense 2. Nuclear membrane dissolves 3. Nucl…
Sister Chromatids line up at the MIDDLE of the cell
Sister Chromatids are pulled APART.
1. Chromosomes decondense 2. Nuclear membrane reforms 3. Nucl…
Prophase
1. Chromosomes condense 2. Nuclear membrane dissolves 3. Nucl…
Metaphase
Sister Chromatids line up at the MIDDLE of the cell
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