Study sets matching "bio 1 fundamentals biology about"

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Study sets matching "bio 1 fundamentals biology about"

41 terms
Bio 190 Exam 1: Darwin and Fundamentals of Biology
properties of life in order
biosphere pyramid bottom to top
do single celled eukaryotes exist?
chemicals to energy (bacteria, plankton
(1) order, (2) reproduction, (3) growth/development, (4) ener…
biosphere, ecosystem, community, pop'n, organism, organ syste…
yes
chemosynthetic
properties of life in order
(1) order, (2) reproduction, (3) growth/development, (4) ener…
biosphere pyramid bottom to top
biosphere, ecosystem, community, pop'n, organism, organ syste…
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Biology
Controlled experiment
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Theory
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
The responding variable (the one that you are measuring as a…
A scientific explanation for a natural phenomenon that has be…
Controlled experiment
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
Independent variable
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
Fundamentals of Biology (BIO 120) : Chapters 1 - 6
The key purpose of any single experime…
For many years, no one bothered to tes…
What women would have the highest evol…
What is a properly executed scientific…
test a hypothesis and see if the evidence supports it
The hypothesis was so plausible that no one thought to questi…
A woman who dies at age 25 after giving birth to seven health…
An experiment that compares two groups differing in only one…
The key purpose of any single experime…
test a hypothesis and see if the evidence supports it
For many years, no one bothered to tes…
The hypothesis was so plausible that no one thought to questi…
38 terms
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Biology
Controlled experiment
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Theory
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
The responding variable (the one that you are measuring as a…
A scientific explanation for a natural phenomenon that has be…
Controlled experiment
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
Independent variable
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
Unit 1 Vocab. Biology Fundamentals
Adaptation
Anabolism
Asexual reproduction
Balance
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A condition in which different elements are equal or in the c…
Adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
Anabolism
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Biology
Controlled experiment
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Theory
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
The responding variable (the one that you are measuring as a…
A scientific explanation for a natural phenomenon that has be…
Controlled experiment
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
Independent variable
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
72 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology Chapter 7.1 2/20/15, 2/25/15
Operon
Polycistronic mRNA
True or False?... In polycistronic mRNA,…
Polycistronic mRNA's proteins are synt…
A group of functionally related, contiguous genes under the c…
A single mRNA molecule contains more than one gene's informat…
True
independently
Operon
A group of functionally related, contiguous genes under the c…
Polycistronic mRNA
A single mRNA molecule contains more than one gene's informat…
26 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology Jan 23rd
True or False?... Eukaryotes can have mul…
True or False?... Melons have 100 times t…
Nucleotides contain a _________, a ___…
The pentose sugar is _____ in RNA and…
True.
True.
nitrogen-rich base, pentose sugar, phosphate groups.
Ribose; deoxyribose
True or False?... Eukaryotes can have mul…
True.
True or False?... Melons have 100 times t…
True.
99 terms
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Biology
Controlled experiment
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Theory
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
The responding variable (the one that you are measuring as a…
A scientific explanation for a natural phenomenon that has be…
Controlled experiment
An experiment in which all factors remain the same except the…
Independent variable
The variable that you are testing (the one that you change on…
50 terms
DC Bio Final (Fundamentals of Biology)
Which of the following explains the at…
What gives rise to the cohesiveness of…
A chemical element is uniquely identif…
A general set of principles, supported…
hydrogen bond
hydrogen bonds
Proton number
none of these
Which of the following explains the at…
hydrogen bond
What gives rise to the cohesiveness of…
hydrogen bonds
10 terms
Human Bio Chap 1: Learning about Human Biology
Characteristics of life
Human characteristic
Evolution
Classification
-consist of one or more cells... -taken in energy... -reproduce and…
-mammalian features: hair, mammary glands... -primate features:…
-change in the body plan and functioning of organism througho…
-three domains (bacteria, archaea, eukarya)... -six kingdoms (An…
Characteristics of life
-consist of one or more cells... -taken in energy... -reproduce and…
Human characteristic
-mammalian features: hair, mammary glands... -primate features:…
26 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology Jan 21st
Molecular biology is the study of
Geneticists define a gene as _______ w…
DNA is _______ into RNA.
RNA is _______ into mRNA.
gene structure and function at the molecular level.
a unit of inheritance; the entire DNA sequence carrying infor…
transcribed
processed
Molecular biology is the study of
gene structure and function at the molecular level.
Geneticists define a gene as _______ w…
a unit of inheritance; the entire DNA sequence carrying infor…
Fundamentals of Bio chapter 1
Biology
Evolution
Adaptation
Emergent properties
The study of life
the change in the inherited traits of a population of organis…
a dynamic, ongoing, life-sustaining process by which living o…
result from the arrangement and interaction of parts within a…
Biology
The study of life
Evolution
the change in the inherited traits of a population of organis…
43 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology Jan 30th
You can use Tm when predicting how wel…
Hybridization
Hybridization occurs during _________,…
Annealing
primer
Basepairing two molecules from two different species, or DNA…
transcription; common
Renaturing (two single stands to 1 double strand)
You can use Tm when predicting how wel…
primer
Hybridization
Basepairing two molecules from two different species, or DNA…
Fundamentals of Bio 1
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
gene
What is DNA made up of
cell with a nucleus
does not contain a nucleus
section of DNA genes encode information for building the mole…
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
Eukaryotic cell
cell with a nucleus
Prokaryotic cell
does not contain a nucleus
53 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology: Chapter 10.1-3/6/15; 3/9/15
Eukaryotes contain _____ major nuclear…
RNA pol 1's main job is to
Ribosomal RNA genes occur in a ______…
The rRNA genes are transcribed as a __…
3; different; 5
transcribe the ribosomal RNA genes in the nucleolus.
cluster; hundreds of times
45; 18; 5.8; 28
Eukaryotes contain _____ major nuclear…
3; different; 5
RNA pol 1's main job is to
transcribe the ribosomal RNA genes in the nucleolus.
35 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology Jan 26th
Activated genes go into _-DNA conforma…
GC (TG) islands
What is BAF and what does it do?
Once DNA is freed from its histone and…
Z
Regions of GC (OR TC) repeats (Regulatory) that result in the…
BAF is a chromatin remodeling complex that removes histones f…
The DNA supercoils and becomes Z-DNA when other activators an…
Activated genes go into _-DNA conforma…
Z
GC (TG) islands
Regions of GC (OR TC) repeats (Regulatory) that result in the…
80 terms
Fundamentals of Bio 1 Final
In what form does energy come into an…
In what form does energy leave an envi…
Does form have to be perfect in order…
Evolution
The sun
Heat
No, it just has to be good enough. Humans have a blind spot,…
Unifying theme of biology. Genetic change over time. Natural…
In what form does energy come into an…
The sun
In what form does energy leave an envi…
Heat
MARINE BIO-Chapter 4: Fundamentals of Biology
Organization
Energy
Metabolism
Homeostasis
The extent of specialization and organization of the cells of…
The ability to do work
All the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
The tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium interdepe…
Organization
The extent of specialization and organization of the cells of…
Energy
The ability to do work
116 terms
Marine Bio 101- Ch. 4 Fundamentals of Biology
An example of a structural carbohydrat…
Which element do proteins and nucleic…
In important function of lipids for ma…
The genetic or inherited information o…
Chitin
Nitrogen
Keeping feathers dry
False
An example of a structural carbohydrat…
Chitin
Which element do proteins and nucleic…
Nitrogen
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Biology
Atom
Cell
Community
Ecosystem
Smallest unit of matter
Smallest unit of a living organism
All the living things in an area
All biotic and abiotic things in an area
Atom
Smallest unit of matter
Cell
Smallest unit of a living organism
Fundamentals of Biology Test #1
Null Hypothesis
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Endosymbiotic Theory
The premise that no difference exists
Unicelluar organisms lacking membrane-bound organelles
Organisms whose cell contain membrane-bound organelles
Theory that mitochondria and plastids originated as free-livi…
Null Hypothesis
The premise that no difference exists
Prokaryotes
Unicelluar organisms lacking membrane-bound organelles
10 terms
Topic 1: About Science- Fundamental Concepts
fact
hypothesis
physics
scientific law or principle
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…
The study of matter and energy and their relationships(1.1)
A well established rule about the natural world that sums up,…
fact
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
hypothesis
An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…
8 terms
Fundamentals of Biology chapter 1
What is Biology?
What are the characteristics of organi…
What is the organismal organization? M…
What is the biological organization?
The study of life
Stimuli, reproduction, growth and development, homeostasis, u…
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, multicellu…
What is Biology?
The study of life
What are the characteristics of organi…
Stimuli, reproduction, growth and development, homeostasis, u…
Fundamental of Biology Test 1
What is Toxic Shock Syndrome?
-What does it mean to have a control i…
-If a hypothesis is an "educated guess…
Use the scientific method to solve the…
• Infection from Staph aureus ... • Associated with tampon usage…
• Vary only 1 factor at a time... • Control is standard for comp…
• Theory pulls in many hypotheses, large amounts of data & ex…
• Car won't start OBSERVATION... • Battery dead HYPOTHESIS... • Tur…
What is Toxic Shock Syndrome?
• Infection from Staph aureus ... • Associated with tampon usage…
-What does it mean to have a control i…
• Vary only 1 factor at a time... • Control is standard for comp…
10 terms
Topic 1: About Science, Fundamental Concepts Quiz
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
Fact
Hypothesis
(1561-1626) An English philosopher who is credited as one of…
(1564-1642) A professor of mathematics, mechanics, and astron…
A close agreement by competent observers of a series of obser…
An educated guess; a reasonable explanation of an observation…
Francis Bacon
(1561-1626) An English philosopher who is credited as one of…
Galileo Galilei
(1564-1642) A professor of mathematics, mechanics, and astron…
Fundamentals Of Biology Lab: Quiz 1
Atoms
Molecules
Inorganic Molecules
Organic Molecules
Basic units of matter
Atoms bonded together
Non-living things
Living things
Atoms
Basic units of matter
Molecules
Atoms bonded together
Fundamentals of Biology Terminology Quiz #1
Biology
Biosphere
Cell
Community
The scientific study of life
The entire portion of Earth inhabited life, the sum of all th…
A basic unit of living matter separated from its environment…
An assemblage of all the populations of organisms living clos…
Biology
The scientific study of life
Biosphere
The entire portion of Earth inhabited life, the sum of all th…
15 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology 2/13/15
Wild type polymerase transcribes the -…
RNA pol mutants alpha-235 and R265C sh…
Describe what DNase footprinting is.
In DNase footprinting you label...
higher
no difference
A DNA-binding protein protects the DNA from DNase.
one end of one strand.
Wild type polymerase transcribes the -…
higher
RNA pol mutants alpha-235 and R265C sh…
no difference
Biology 189 Chapter 1 - Fundamentals
population
chemical energy
light energy
archaea
A localized group of organisms that belong to the same specie…
Organisms interact with their environments, exchanging matter…
The main source of energy for producers in an ecosystem is
Which of the following types of cells utilize deoxyribonuclei…
population
A localized group of organisms that belong to the same specie…
chemical energy
Organisms interact with their environments, exchanging matter…
33 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology 2/9/15
When sigma associates with core enzyme…
In order to show the binding roles of…
The 2.4 and 4.2 sigma fragments were f…
Glutathione-S-transferase is a
Beta'; 1.1
2.4; 4.2; glutathione-S-transferase.
purify; glutathione affinity
tripeptide, (3 amino acids)
When sigma associates with core enzyme…
Beta'; 1.1
In order to show the binding roles of…
2.4; 4.2; glutathione-S-transferase.
86 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology: Chapter 11- 33/13/15
True or False?... Eukaryotic RNA polymera…
True or False?... None of the three eukar…
The ____________ form a complex with R…
Class II general factors can stimulate…
False.... Eukaryotic RNA polymerases cannot bind to a promoter w…
True.
"general" transcription factors; preinitiation
low "basal"
True or False?... Eukaryotic RNA polymera…
False.... Eukaryotic RNA polymerases cannot bind to a promoter w…
True or False?... None of the three eukar…
True.
37 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology 2/6/15
The template strand always goes _'->_'…
The holoenzyme (has/doesn't have) sigm…
Sigma (can/cannot) bind to DNA by itse…
Promoters in eubacteria contain consen…
3'->5'; 5'->3'
has; doesn't have
cannot (must be part of the holoenzyme)
-35; -10
The template strand always goes _'->_'…
3'->5'; 5'->3'
The holoenzyme (has/doesn't have) sigm…
has; doesn't have
26 terms
BIO 437 Fundamentals of Molecular Biology 2/2/15
In the pBluescript vector, the MCS lie…
The phage f1 ori allows _____________…
For many genes, the most important poi…
The promoter sets the ___ site for tra…
T7; T3; T7; T3
ssDNA copies of the vector.
initiation
start; +1; which strand of the DNA will serve as the template…
In the pBluescript vector, the MCS lie…
T7; T3; T7; T3
The phage f1 ori allows _____________…
ssDNA copies of the vector.
Fundamentals of Life Quiz 1- Bio
Cellular Structure
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Heredity
-smallest unit of life... -all living things are built from cell…
-all chemical reactions in a living organism... -breaking/ build…
-feedback mechanism... -organisms maintain a constant balanced i…
-genetic makeup... -DNA... -tells us what proteins to make: builds…
Cellular Structure
-smallest unit of life... -all living things are built from cell…
Metabolism
-all chemical reactions in a living organism... -breaking/ build…
Marine Biology: Chapter 4.1-4.2 Review of Fundamentals
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
An organism's vast number of chemical... reactions that make lif…
Living things also use energy to maintain... stable internal con…
4 Molecules (those containing... carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen) m…
Used to store energy to be used later... Made of carbon, hydroge…
Metabolism
An organism's vast number of chemical... reactions that make lif…
Homeostasis
Living things also use energy to maintain... stable internal con…
73 terms
Biology Fundamentals Ch. 1-3
organization
Autotrophs
Producers
Herterotrophs
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
makes own food from non living things. Ex. plants
...
consumer other things to make energy
organization
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
Autotrophs
makes own food from non living things. Ex. plants
7 terms
Unit 1 - The Scientific Method & Fundamentals of Biology
control group
experimental group
independent variable
dependent variable
the group in an experiment used for comparison because it is…
the group in an experiment that gets the experimental treatme…
the variable in an experiment that is changed
the variable in an experiment that we measure
control group
the group in an experiment used for comparison because it is…
experimental group
the group in an experiment that gets the experimental treatme…
11 terms
Biology 10.1 Early Ideas About Evolution
evolution
Carolus Linnaeus
Species
Scientific Name
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
(1707-1778) Founder of taxonomy, the branch of biology concer…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
The name given to each species, consisting of its genus and i…
evolution
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
Carolus Linnaeus
(1707-1778) Founder of taxonomy, the branch of biology concer…
12 terms
Bio 10.1- Early Ideas About Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
The process of genetic change in biological populations over…
A group of organisms that can reproduce and produce viable of…
A remnant, impression, or trace of an organism that lived in…
Theory that catastrophic events such as floods, volcanoes, ea…
evolution
The process of genetic change in biological populations over…
species
A group of organisms that can reproduce and produce viable of…
95 terms
BioChem Final 1: Fundamentals
Hydrophobic effect
What are the bonds between water?
Base vs. acid
PH
Non-polar solutes avoid contact with polar water
Non covalent H bonds
Acid: donates proton... Base: accepts proton
=-log [H+]
Hydrophobic effect
Non-polar solutes avoid contact with polar water
What are the bonds between water?
Non covalent H bonds
Biology 111: Fundamentals of Biology, Part 1
Ion
Atomic Mass
Isotope
Half Life
An atom that can exist with an unequal number of protons and…
Number of Protons + number of neutrons
Can be radioactive, meaning they disintegrate giving off ener…
Time it takes for half of the material to disintegrate... Usefu…
Ion
An atom that can exist with an unequal number of protons and…
Atomic Mass
Number of Protons + number of neutrons
20 terms
Fundamentals of Bio Lab Ch.1
What are the two types of microscopes…
Name the 5 major parts of the dissecti…
Name differences between the dissectin…
Stage does not move
Dissecting microscope and compound microscope
1. Binocular eyepieces... 2. Magnification changing knob... 3. Focu…
* Stage does not move on dissecting microscope... * No objective…
Dissecting microscope
What are the two types of microscopes…
Dissecting microscope and compound microscope
Name the 5 major parts of the dissecti…
1. Binocular eyepieces... 2. Magnification changing knob... 3. Focu…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Biology Quiz 1 (Fundamentals of Chemistry)
science
chemistry
biology
atom
study of the natural world based on facts learned through exp…
a science that deals with the structure & properties of subst…
a science that deals with living things
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
science
study of the natural world based on facts learned through exp…
chemistry
a science that deals with the structure & properties of subst…
Learn About Period 1 Bio Enriched
Stephanie
Essence
Brendan
Andy
Wants to be Wonderwoman because she is brave and strong
Recommend's Dante's Peak
Plays soccer for fun
Recommends you listen to Contigo
Stephanie
Wants to be Wonderwoman because she is brave and strong
Essence
Recommend's Dante's Peak
Fundamentals of Cellular Biology-Exam 1
About how many molecules of ethanol (C…
The final three dimensional structure…
What is responsible for the adhesion o…
Charles Darwin proposed that "those in…
3 x 10^23
a. Hydrogen bonds between R groups of polar amino acids... b. Th…
Hydrogen Bonds
Natural Selection
About how many molecules of ethanol (C…
3 x 10^23
The final three dimensional structure…
a. Hydrogen bonds between R groups of polar amino acids... b. Th…
55 terms
Fundamentals Of Biology Lab: Quiz 1
Atoms
Molecules
Inorganic Molecules
Organic Molecules
Basic units of matter
Atoms bonded together
Non-living things
Living things
Atoms
Basic units of matter
Molecules
Atoms bonded together
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Biology Chapter 9 Section 1 Fundamentals of Genetics
genetics
pea plants
traits
contrasting
the study of how characteristics are transmitted from parents…
Mendel observed characteristics of
are genetically determined variants of a characteristic
each characteristic occurred in two ________ traits
genetics
the study of how characteristics are transmitted from parents…
pea plants
Mendel observed characteristics of
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