Study sets matching "bio 104"

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Study sets matching "bio 104"

35 terms
Architectural Patterns biology 104
what is taxonomy?
What is a taxon?
What are 6 characteristics for classif…
What is the correct heiarchial system…
the science of identifying and classifying organisms accordin…
a group that shares a set of characteristics`
anatomy, physiology, embryology, behavior, ecology and molecu…
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.
what is taxonomy?
the science of identifying and classifying organisms accordin…
What is a taxon?
a group that shares a set of characteristics`
180 terms
Biology 104 Final
What could change the gene frequencies…
What could cause microevolution?
A certain species of butterfly in colo…
All the members of a single species th…
Tall people in a population marry other tall people and do no…
A flood kills almost all the wild strawberry plants in a part…
Directional selection
Population
What could change the gene frequencies…
Tall people in a population marry other tall people and do no…
What could cause microevolution?
A flood kills almost all the wild strawberry plants in a part…
18 terms
Nematoda biology 104
what does the term Nematoda mean?
Are they abundant or rare?
What is their symmetry?
What is their level of organization?
thread like
they are very abundant
bilateral symmetry with some cephalization
tripple blastic organ level
what does the term Nematoda mean?
thread like
Are they abundant or rare?
they are very abundant
116 terms
Biology-104 Exam II
Biological species concept
Morphological species concept
ecological species concept
reproductive isolation
species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding n…
characterizes species by body shape an other structural featu…
species characterized by niche following the principle that c…
physiological or behavioral mechanisms prevent members of two…
Biological species concept
species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding n…
Morphological species concept
characterizes species by body shape an other structural featu…
105 terms
Biology 104-Exam #2
Phylum Angiosperms
1. Monocots- 1 side leaf (Corn)... 2. Dic…
Monocots
Dicots
flowering plants that are 250,000-300,000 in number
The 2 large classes of Angiosperms
-Have 1 cotyledon/side leaf... -The flower parts, such as the pe…
-Have 2 cotyledons... -The flower parts are in 4s, 5s, or in mul…
Phylum Angiosperms
flowering plants that are 250,000-300,000 in number
1. Monocots- 1 side leaf (Corn)... 2. Dic…
The 2 large classes of Angiosperms
159 terms
MCB 104 Cell Biology
Cyclin D
Cyclin E
Rb Protein
Rb Protein inhibition
Regulatory cyclin bound to cdk4 and cdk6 in G1 phase
Regulatory cyclin bound to cdk-2 in G1/S phase
Inhibits DNA replication in S Phase
Phosphorylation by cdk4/cyclinD complex
Cyclin D
Regulatory cyclin bound to cdk4 and cdk6 in G1 phase
Cyclin E
Regulatory cyclin bound to cdk-2 in G1/S phase
25 terms
Mammals Biology 104
What are 3 unique characteristics of m…
Do we movable or non movable eyelids?
Are we tetra prods?
What is the purpose in of the diaphragm?
Hair, mammory glands, and specialized teeth on both jaws.
moveable
four limbs adapted to different forms of locomotion
muscular partition between the thorax and abdomen that increa…
What are 3 unique characteristics of m…
Hair, mammory glands, and specialized teeth on both jaws.
Do we movable or non movable eyelids?
moveable
94 terms
Biology 104 Final
phylogeny
systematics
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
evolutionary history of a species or group of related species
classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary relati…
ordered division and naming of organisms
published a naming system based on resemblances.... Two part nam…
phylogeny
evolutionary history of a species or group of related species
systematics
classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary relati…
22 terms
Annelida Biology 104
What are the two common names for anne…
What is metamerism?
What are three advantages of metamerism?
What are setae?
ring worms and bristle worms.
Segmented
Improves support and locomotion, decreases the impact of inju…
bristles
What are the two common names for anne…
ring worms and bristle worms.
What is metamerism?
Segmented
31 terms
Cnidaria Biology 104
what animals are the phylum Cnidaria?
what type of symmetry do they have?
What is their level of organization?
What is mesoglea and where do you find…
Jellyfish
radial symmetry
diploblastic tissue level
...
what animals are the phylum Cnidaria?
Jellyfish
what type of symmetry do they have?
radial symmetry
32 terms
Mollusca biology 104
what is the meaning of the term mollus…
What is the head foot?
What is the visceral mass?
What is the mantle? Does it secrete a…
soft body animals
when the head is anterior and the food is the sensory
it is the hard part of the mollusk that contains organs for d…
lies over the visceral mass and secretes a shell
what is the meaning of the term mollus…
soft body animals
What is the head foot?
when the head is anterior and the food is the sensory
Biology 104: Third Exam
Vision... Hearing... Olfaction (Smell)... Gusta…
The cornea bends the light to form an…
The formation of a fuzzy image.
On the images that we see.
What are the five senses
Vision?
The pinhole eye allows?
The lens focuses on?
Vision... Hearing... Olfaction (Smell)... Gusta…
What are the five senses
The cornea bends the light to form an…
Vision?
Chapter One Biology 104
what is Biology?
What do all living things share
Cells
Information
The Study of life
cells,energy, information,replication,evolution
All organisms are made up of membrane-bound cells. A cell is…
All organisms process hereditary information encoded in genes…
what is Biology?
The Study of life
What do all living things share
cells,energy, information,replication,evolution
18 terms
Respiration biology 104
what is the definition of respiration?
What three things happen to air in the…
What is the pharynx?
what is the larynx?
process of gas exchange, oxygen is used by body cells, carbon…
air is -heated... -humidified... -debri is filtered out
common area of digestive and respiratory tracts
vocal chords
what is the definition of respiration?
process of gas exchange, oxygen is used by body cells, carbon…
What three things happen to air in the…
air is -heated... -humidified... -debri is filtered out
22 terms
Porifera Biology 104
What animals are in the phylum Porifera?
What is the sponge level of Organizati…
What is the Symmetry of Sponges?
What is the Habitat of sponges?
sponges
...
radial symmetry
all aquatic and mostly marine
What animals are in the phylum Porifera?
sponges
What is the sponge level of Organizati…
...
27 terms
Reptiles Biology 104
Where are the reptiles found? Are they…
What advantage do reptiles have over a…
What are the two theories of extinctio…
What is their body shape?
on all continents except antartica.
their eggs can be laid on land
catastrophic-metior, volcano... Gradual change- climate change,…
varied. compact and elongated
Where are the reptiles found? Are they…
on all continents except antartica.
What advantage do reptiles have over a…
their eggs can be laid on land
26 terms
Aves Biology 104
What is the unique feature of birds?
do they have teeth?
Why is the neck long?
What is their skeleton composed of? Is…
Feathers
no teeth, horny beak
balancing, and food gathering
forelimbs modified into wings
What is the unique feature of birds?
Feathers
do they have teeth?
no teeth, horny beak
34 terms
Fishes Biology 104
What is the meaning of the superclass…
What are the characteristics of the me…
What is the general description of lam…
How do lampreys reproduce?
agnatha means no jaw. Gnathostomata means jaw mouth.
...
no appendeges, notochrord persists throughout lifespan, slend…
female attaches to a rock with her mouth and male attaches to…
What is the meaning of the superclass…
agnatha means no jaw. Gnathostomata means jaw mouth.
What are the characteristics of the me…
...
22 terms
Biology 104 - Chapter 19
Taxonomy
Linnaeus
more
general
branch of biology concerned w/ identifying, naming, and class…
developed the binomial system of nomenclature
higher the taxa, the ____ inclusive
organisms in the same domain have ______ characteristics in c…
Taxonomy
branch of biology concerned w/ identifying, naming, and class…
Linnaeus
developed the binomial system of nomenclature
107 terms
Biology 104 Final Exam
Phylum Chordata consists of what group…
What is a notochord?
What is the dorsal tubular nerve chord?
The muscular part used for locomotion…
The Chordates
A flexible dorsal structure with muscles attached to it... It is…
The "spinal chord"; enlarges on the anterior side to form brain
Post anal tail
Phylum Chordata consists of what group…
The Chordates
What is a notochord?
A flexible dorsal structure with muscles attached to it... It is…
Biology 104 Test 1
What is the second largest Kingdom?
What does Terrestrial mean?
Alternation of generations
Plant Definitions
Plantae
oldest or land dwelling organism
1. Photosynthetic ... 2. Starch Production ... 3. Cellulose Cell Wa…
What is the second largest Kingdom?
Plantae
What does Terrestrial mean?
oldest or land dwelling organism
18 terms
Chapter 40 Biology 104
Photomorphogenesis
P (r)
Phytochrome
P (fr)
the term used for nondirectional, light-triggered development
absorbs red light at 660 nm wavelength
a plant pigment that is associated with the absorption of lig…
absorbs far-red light at 730 nm.
Photomorphogenesis
the term used for nondirectional, light-triggered development
P (r)
absorbs red light at 660 nm wavelength
36 terms
Biology 104 chapter 30
sessile
8 characteristics of animals
germ layers
deuterostomes
attached
1 multicellular eukaryotes ... 2 heterotrophs ... 3 specialized bod…
-ectoderm... -endoderm... -mesoderm
-echinoderms... -chordates... -hemichordates
sessile
attached
8 characteristics of animals
1 multicellular eukaryotes ... 2 heterotrophs ... 3 specialized bod…
38 terms
Biology 104 Lecture 6
Exaptation
Paedomorphosis
Geologic Time Scale
Precambrian Supereon
structures that evolve for one purpose, but later serve anoth…
retention of juvenile features
how we link macroevolution to earth's history
4.6 BYA- 542 MYA
Exaptation
structures that evolve for one purpose, but later serve anoth…
Paedomorphosis
retention of juvenile features
27 terms
Biology 104 Lecture 5
Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
isolation
Large, complex changes in life over long periods of time
Microevolution can lead to _____
Populations or groups of populations that can interbreed; pro…
Reason why closely related species can't interbreed
Macroevolution
Large, complex changes in life over long periods of time
Macroevolution
Microevolution can lead to _____
Biology 104 Unit 5
Chordates
notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord,…
Urochordata
Cephalochordata
group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with…
chordates at some time in their life cycle have a
larvae have a notochord and a nerve cord but these are lost i…
have a notochord and a nerve cord but no vertebrae.
Chordates
group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with…
notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord,…
chordates at some time in their life cycle have a
Biology 104 Chapter 15
4.6 billion years
Hadean eon
Methane, Ammonia, Water, and Hydrogen
Stanley Miller
How old is the Earth?
The first eon that refers to how hellish the Earth was
What molecules existed in Earth's atmosphere during the Hadea…
This man's experiment proved that methane, ammonia, water, an…
4.6 billion years
How old is the Earth?
Hadean eon
The first eon that refers to how hellish the Earth was
Biology 104 Chapter 5
Autotroph
Heterotrophs
6CO2 + 6H2O = C6H12O6 + 6O2
Electromagnetic Spectrum
meaning it uses inorganic substances such as water and carbon…
Survive off organic molecules (animals
Chemical Process of Photosynthesis
Range of possible frequencies of radiation
Autotroph
meaning it uses inorganic substances such as water and carbon…
Heterotrophs
Survive off organic molecules (animals
Biology 104 Ewanchuk Final
Gene Pool
Evolution
Allopatric Speciation
Clade
the total number of alleles that make up genes in a populations
descent with modification
is a form of cladogenesis; when one species divides into 2 or…
a group of species that share a common ancestor, lineage, mon…
Gene Pool
the total number of alleles that make up genes in a populations
Evolution
descent with modification
62 terms
Biology 104 pt 2
allopatric speciation
sympatric speciation
Sticklebacks
disruptive selection
divergence following geographic
no physical seperation, can occur with strong disruptive sele…
different forms repeatedly evolve in the benthic zone (deeper…
soil, preference,most easily causes sympatric speciation
allopatric speciation
divergence following geographic
sympatric speciation
no physical seperation, can occur with strong disruptive sele…
Biology 104 Chapter 21
Flowers
Vegetative
Shoot
Terminal Bud
Reproductive part of a plant
Non reproductive part of a plant
Above ground part of a plant
Undeveloped tissue at the shoot tip
Flowers
Reproductive part of a plant
Vegetative
Non reproductive part of a plant
Biology 104 Chapter 12
Evolution
Gene Pool
Population
Aristotle
Descent with modification
Entire collection of genes and its alleles
Interbreeding members of the same species
Believed all members of a species were identical to one another
Evolution
Descent with modification
Gene Pool
Entire collection of genes and its alleles
61 terms
104 Biology Evolution
What is a well-substantiated explanati…
What are the processes that have trans…
What is the selective breeding of dome…
What is the selection of mates other t…
theory
evolution
artificial selection
non-random mating
What is a well-substantiated explanati…
theory
What are the processes that have trans…
evolution
47 terms
Biology 104- Chapter 1
Health
Homeostasis
Disease
Pathology
performance of normal vital functions
Stable internal conditions under changing environmental condi…
Significant disturbance in homeostasis
Study of Disease
Health
performance of normal vital functions
Homeostasis
Stable internal conditions under changing environmental condi…
20 terms
Biology 104: Chapter 21
ingestion
digestion
absorption
elimination
eating
break food into molecules for the body to absorb
cells lining digestive tract absorb amino acids and simple su…
undigested material is released
ingestion
eating
digestion
break food into molecules for the body to absorb
23 terms
biology 104- lab bacteria and protists
origin of life
The domains: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eu…
Prokaryotes, lack a nucleus
protists are single celled organisms i…
bacteria, archaea, eukarya (protists)
all have single celled organisms
Bacteria and Archaea lack a nucleus
they have a nucleus
origin of life
bacteria, archaea, eukarya (protists)
The domains: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eu…
all have single celled organisms
134 terms
Biology 104 Test 1
Equilibrium
DNA
DNA monomer
Nitrogenous bases
Organisms can alter in response to physiological changes; mai…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid Structure... Double stranded/helix
Nucleotide... Sugar- deoxyribose- 5 carbon sugar... Phosphate ... Nitr…
Adenine... Thymine... Guanine ... Cytosine
Equilibrium
Organisms can alter in response to physiological changes; mai…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid Structure... Double stranded/helix
171 terms
Biology 104 Test 3
Roots
Root hairs
Roots on monocots
Roots on dicots
Allow plants to obtain water and minerals; anchoring
Small extensions off main roots and increase surface area
Fibrous root system
Larger main root (taproot; stores starch)
Roots
Allow plants to obtain water and minerals; anchoring
Root hairs
Small extensions off main roots and increase surface area
Biology 104 Chapter 13
Paleontology
Geological Timescale
Fossil
Relative Dating
Study of fossil remains
divides Earth's history into a ... series of eons and eras defin…
any evidence of an organism 10,000 or more years ago
places a fossil into a sequence of events without assigning i…
Paleontology
Study of fossil remains
Geological Timescale
divides Earth's history into a ... series of eons and eras defin…
Biology 104 Chapter 14
Macroevolution
Speciation
Allopatric Speciation
Sympatric Speciation
describes all of these large, complex changes in life's panor…
Formation of new species
a new species forms when a geographic barrier physically sepa…
a new species arises while living in the same physical area a…
Macroevolution
describes all of these large, complex changes in life's panor…
Speciation
Formation of new species
28 terms
Biology 104 Lecture 1
evolve/change
energy
organisms can alter in response to phy…
Atom (general chemistry)... Molecule (mol…
Living organisms ______
Living organisms need ____
Equilibrium
Scales of study from small to large
evolve/change
Living organisms ______
energy
Living organisms need ____
Vocabulary Chapter 31/Biology 104
Ovule
integument
pollen tube
gymnosperm
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
organ system in charge of protecting the body from the outsid…
A tube that forms after germination of the pollen grain and t…
"Naked seeds", such as pine cones and other conifers.
Ovule
A structure that develops within the ovary of a seed plant an…
integument
organ system in charge of protecting the body from the outsid…
20 terms
Biology 104 Lecture 3
Evidence for Evolution
Fossils
Rivers and oceans
Strata
Fossils... Biogeography... Comparative Anatomy... Comparative Embryolo…
evidence of an organism from more than 10,000 years ago
Brings sediment to cover fossils
additional layers added over time
Evidence for Evolution
Fossils... Biogeography... Comparative Anatomy... Comparative Embryolo…
Fossils
evidence of an organism from more than 10,000 years ago
Biology 104 Unit 4
molluscus
mollis
Colossal Squid
mollusc
thin-shelled
soft
Mollusca; believed to be the world's largest invertebrate
»Class: Polyplacophora... »Class: Cephalopoda... »Class: Gastropoda…
molluscus
thin-shelled
mollis
soft
29 terms
Biology 104 - Chapter 2
Immunity
Antigen
Nonspecific Immunity
Pathogens
The ability of the body to resist infectious disease
any foreign substance that is recognized by the body
present at birth, immediate action, short term protection, pr…
disease causing microorganisms
Immunity
The ability of the body to resist infectious disease
Antigen
any foreign substance that is recognized by the body
25 terms
Biology 104 Lecture 4
Population
Population Genetics
Phenotype
Genotype
smallest unit that can evolve; group of members of one specie…
Traces change in population
physical characteristics; can change due to environmental inf…
genetic information; plays role in natural selection
Population
smallest unit that can evolve; group of members of one specie…
Population Genetics
Traces change in population
39 terms
Biology 104 Ch 35
Endocrene Glands
Neurotransmitters
Local Regulators
AutoCrine Regulation
Hormones that are secreted into the blood or extracellular fl…
Are used for long distance communication
Used for communication between neighboring cells
Local regulator that acts on the same cells that release it.
Endocrene Glands
Hormones that are secreted into the blood or extracellular fl…
Neurotransmitters
Are used for long distance communication
115 terms
Biology 104: Chapter 28
the nervous system
effector cells
neurons
1. cell body... 2. dendrites... 3. axons
obtains and processes sensory information; sends commands to…
muscles
cells specialized for carrying signals; the functional units…
3 elements of a neuron
the nervous system
obtains and processes sensory information; sends commands to…
effector cells
muscles
Vocabulary Chapter 36/Biology 104
apex
root system
shoot system
Tissue systems
The highest point
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
a group of two or more tissues that together perform a specif…
apex
The highest point
root system
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
58 terms
Biology 104 Chapter 29
Reptiles & Birds
Class Reptilia
Reptiles: General Characteristics
Paried limbs
Class Reptilia
Successful group of terrestrial animals... >17,000 species... Their…
Paried limbs, Skin, Efficient breathing, Efficient circulatio…
2 pairs of limbs (typically 5 toes each) adapted for climbing…
Reptiles & Birds
Class Reptilia
Class Reptilia
Successful group of terrestrial animals... >17,000 species... Their…
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