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Study sets matching "bio 110 energy"

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Study sets matching "bio 110 energy"

15 terms
Biology 110 (Energy)
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Chemical energy
the capacity to change the position, physical composition, or…
energy of position
energy of motion
potential energy held in the bond between atoms
Energy
the capacity to change the position, physical composition, or…
Potential energy
energy of position
15 terms
Biology 110 Chapter 5 Energy
A cell may receive a stimulus from the…
The molecule most directly involved in…
Which is the best definition of energy?
An enzyme is a protein that _______.
through a receptor protein in the plasma membrane
ATP
the capacity to do work
changes the rate of a metabolic reaction without being consum…
A cell may receive a stimulus from the…
through a receptor protein in the plasma membrane
The molecule most directly involved in…
ATP
18 terms
Biology 110 exam 2 Energy
Energy
Thermal energy
Chemical energy
Light energy
The capacity to cause change; rearrange a collection of matte…
Kinetic energy associated with random movement of atoms and m…
Comes from arrangement of electrons in bonds between atoms
Comes from electromagnetic spectrum; including visible light
Energy
The capacity to cause change; rearrange a collection of matte…
Thermal energy
Kinetic energy associated with random movement of atoms and m…
29 terms
EXAM 2 BIOLOGY 110- Thermodynamics & Energy
energy
4 types of energy
ALL biochemical changes
1st law of thermodynamics
capacity to cause change
1. Potential energy... 2. Kinetic... 3. Thermal... 4. Chemical
what biochemical changes involve changes in AMOUNTS and FORMS…
energy can be transformed of transferred not created nor dest…
energy
capacity to cause change
4 types of energy
1. Potential energy... 2. Kinetic... 3. Thermal... 4. Chemical
54 terms
Biology 110 Exam 4 Energy
metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
all chemical reactions occurring in an organism (sum of all e…
the capacity for doing work, (can/does move matter)
energy associated with moving matter
refers to energy that is being stored
metabolism
all chemical reactions occurring in an organism (sum of all e…
energy
the capacity for doing work, (can/does move matter)
15 terms
Biology110:Chapter 42-Ecosystems and Energy
Law of conservation of mass
Primary Producers
Primary Consumers
Secondary Consumers
matter, like energy cannot be created or destroyed
the trophic level that ultimately supports all others, also c…
Herbivores which eat plants and other primary producers
Carnivores that eat herbivores
Law of conservation of mass
matter, like energy cannot be created or destroyed
Primary Producers
the trophic level that ultimately supports all others, also c…
67 terms
Biology 110
autosomes
alles
homozygoes
heterozygoes
Chromosomes that are not directly involved in determining the…
*genes located on homologous chromosomes may have alternate f…
pairs have two alleles that are the same
pairs have two different alleles
autosomes
Chromosomes that are not directly involved in determining the…
alles
*genes located on homologous chromosomes may have alternate f…
35 terms
Biology 110
Dihydroxyacetone
Glyceraldehyde
Erythrose
Ribose (the sugar found in RNA)
Trioses... Ketone... C3H6O3
Trioses... Aldehyde... C3H6O3
Tetroses... Aldehyde... C4H8O4
Pentoses... Aldehyde... C5H10O5
Dihydroxyacetone
Trioses... Ketone... C3H6O3
Glyceraldehyde
Trioses... Aldehyde... C3H6O3
72 terms
Biology 110 - Practice Exam 3. Energy, enzymes, photosynthesis and aerobic respiration
The most important form of useful ener…
A good example of potential energy is
Energy is defined as the
Chemical bonds are an example of
chemical
water at the top of a waterfall.
capacity to do work.
potential energy.
The most important form of useful ener…
chemical
A good example of potential energy is
water at the top of a waterfall.
32 terms
Biology 110
Scientific method
Processes that associate with life
Two type of virus
Homeostasis
Observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, an…
Order, regulation, respond to the environment, grow and devel…
DNA and RNA it can not duplicate
Maintain a organisms internal despite the external environment.
Scientific method
Observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, an…
Processes that associate with life
Order, regulation, respond to the environment, grow and devel…
230 terms
Biology 110
Organsim
Cell
Cell Theory
Respiration
Applied to all living things
Simplet unit
1) All organism are composed of cells... 2)Cells are the smalles…
Release Energy
Organsim
Applied to all living things
Cell
Simplet unit
20 terms
BIO 110: Harvesting Energy
Redox Reaction
Reduction
Oxidation
Substrate-Level Phosphorylation
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
complete or partial gain of electrons to a substance in a red…
complete or partial loss of electrons to a substance in a red…
the enzyme that catalyzed the formation of ATP by the direct…
Redox Reaction
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
Reduction
complete or partial gain of electrons to a substance in a red…
24 terms
Biology 110 Chapter 20
ecosystem
resistance
resilience
high level of disturbance on species d…
a biological community together with abiotic environment... 1. f…
ability for ecosystem to remain at equilibrium in spite of di…
the speed at which an ecosystem recovers from a disturbance
exclude slow-growing species
ecosystem
a biological community together with abiotic environment... 1. f…
resistance
ability for ecosystem to remain at equilibrium in spite of di…
120 terms
Biology 110 Test 2
Cell Fractionation
Electron Microscopy
Pellet
supernatant
Technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
Beam of electrons to allow a thousandfold higher magnificatio…
Nuclei and larger particles
a liquid lying above a sediment (floating on the surface)
Cell Fractionation
Technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
Electron Microscopy
Beam of electrons to allow a thousandfold higher magnificatio…
42 terms
Biology 110 Chapter 19
population
3 properties of a population that can…
population size
population density
a group of potentially interbreeding, interacting individuals…
1.death rate... 2.birth rate... 3.growth rate
number of individuals in the population
number of individual per unit area
population
a group of potentially interbreeding, interacting individuals…
3 properties of a population that can…
1.death rate... 2.birth rate... 3.growth rate
89 terms
Biology 110 test 1
steps of scientific method
what is a hypothesis
who is Rutherford
atoms of life
observation, question, hypothesis, test, conclusion
idea
Ernest Rutherford was the scientist that conducted the foil e…
nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon
steps of scientific method
observation, question, hypothesis, test, conclusion
what is a hypothesis
idea
152 terms
Biology 110
Biology
Evolution
Characteristics of Living Things
Stimulus
scientific study of life
is the process of change that has transformed life on Earth
Made out of cell or cells... Contain similar chemicals ex: water…
change in surroundings
Biology
scientific study of life
Evolution
is the process of change that has transformed life on Earth
76 terms
Biology 110, Exam 1
What are the 4 groups of macromolecules
What are macromolecules?
Dehydration reaction
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrates, Protiens, Nucleic Acids, Lipids
polymers; long molecules made of monomers
loss of a water molecule
Adds a water molecule and breaks down a polymer
What are the 4 groups of macromolecules
Carbohydrates, Protiens, Nucleic Acids, Lipids
What are macromolecules?
polymers; long molecules made of monomers
230 terms
Biology 110
Organsim
Cell
Cell Theory
Respiration
Applied to all living things
Simplet unit
1) All organism are composed of cells... 2)Cells are the smalles…
Release Energy
Organsim
Applied to all living things
Cell
Simplet unit
111 terms
Biology 110 Exam 2
Sexual reproduction
Somatic cells
Asexual reproduction
What is sex?
=A reproductive process that involves two parents that combin…
=Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
=a form of reproduction where a single individual is the sole…
=the exchange or recombination of genetic information... -does n…
Sexual reproduction
=A reproductive process that involves two parents that combin…
Somatic cells
=Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
62 terms
Biology 110
Prokayotes
Eukaryotes
Mitosis
Mitosis interphase
Binary fisson
Multiple liner chromosomes located inside nucleus
Creates two daughter cells that are the same as parent cells
Cell is getting ready to perform mitosis.
Prokayotes
Binary fisson
Eukaryotes
Multiple liner chromosomes located inside nucleus
40 terms
Biology 110
Characteristics of living things
Biology
Cell
Levels of biological organization
• Common set of biological molecules... • Composed of cells... • Gr…
Study of life in all diverse forms
Smallest most basic unit of life
-atom... -molecule... -cell... -tissue... -organ... -organ system... -organism…
Characteristics of living things
• Common set of biological molecules... • Composed of cells... • Gr…
Biology
Study of life in all diverse forms
168 terms
Biology 110
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
When is the distinction between CNS an…
System of signal
Brain and Spinal Cord
the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and…
Certain invertebrates with a simple nervous system
Receive information via PNS, transmit along nerves to the CNS…
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and…
119 terms
BIOLOGY 110
non polar covalent
polar
nonpolar
microtubules
bonds join carbon to nitrogen
amino acids with an R-group containing -OH
an amino acid with a carbon ring will have ___ characteristics
If a single-celled paramecium has non-functioning cilia, the…
non polar covalent
bonds join carbon to nitrogen
polar
amino acids with an R-group containing -OH
28 terms
Biology 110
genetics
Pea Plants
Pea Plants
Characteristics of Pea Plants
the science of heredity, Gregor Mendel first discovered the b…
self-pollinate in nature, Mendel could carefully control whic…
are easy to grow, produce many offspring (peas), have a short…
the (phenotypes) that he chose to study were easy to observe…
genetics
the science of heredity, Gregor Mendel first discovered the b…
Pea Plants
self-pollinate in nature, Mendel could carefully control whic…
134 terms
Biology 110
What are some characteristics of livin…
Taxonomy
What are the classifications?
What are the 4 kingdoms of living thing?
A. organized into to the following levels:... 1. chemical... 2. cel…
the science of classification
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Protista, Fungi, Plant, Animal
What are some characteristics of livin…
A. organized into to the following levels:... 1. chemical... 2. cel…
Taxonomy
the science of classification
Biology 110
Define Matter
Define Elements (Hint: Periodic Table)
Define Compounds (Ex; carbon dioxide)
Define Atoms
anything that takes up space
matter that cant be broken down.
made of 2 or more elements
Smallest unit of matter.
Define Matter
anything that takes up space
Define Elements (Hint: Periodic Table)
matter that cant be broken down.
20 terms
P.110 Energy
Active site
ADP
Coenzyme
Cofactor
Region on the surface of an enzyme where the substrate binds…
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Nonprotein organic molecule that aids the action of the enzym…
Nonprotein adjunct required by an enzyme in order to function…
Active site
Region on the surface of an enzyme where the substrate binds…
ADP
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
23 terms
ASCI 110 Exam 3 Energy
Energy
Unit of feed energy
Animal Energy Requirement Factors
Gross Energy (GE)
The capacity to perform work... From dietary sources and body re…
USA: calories... Other: joule (J) in International System of Uni…
species... genetic background... age... size... growth rate... productivity…
TOTAL energy content... measures heat from oxidation via combust…
Energy
The capacity to perform work... From dietary sources and body re…
Unit of feed energy
USA: calories... Other: joule (J) in International System of Uni…
34 terms
Bio 110:Section 4: Energy
Explain what energy is and describe it…
Differentiate between potential and ki…
Explain the laws of thermodynamics.
Describe the structure and function of…
...
...
...
...
Explain what energy is and describe it…
...
Differentiate between potential and ki…
...
10 terms
Energy in Biology
Energy
Chemical Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Ability to do work
Potential energy stored in bonds of biological molecules
Stored energy
Energy of motion
Energy
Ability to do work
Chemical Energy
Potential energy stored in bonds of biological molecules
Biology 110
chlorophyll
photosynthesis
cytoinesis
gamete cells
Mg, N, C & H... absorbs and reflects light
in the chloroplast (non-animal cells)... CO2 --> glucose --> sug…
occurs at the end of telophase... actual dividing of the cells
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
chlorophyll
Mg, N, C & H... absorbs and reflects light
photosynthesis
in the chloroplast (non-animal cells)... CO2 --> glucose --> sug…
40 terms
Biology 110
There are 3 domains used to categorize…
The number of unique amino acids equals:
DNA is a polymer of nucleotide subunit…
What functional group is pictured:
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
20
monomers
Aldehyde
There are 3 domains used to categorize…
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
The number of unique amino acids equals:
20
87 terms
Biology 110
Cells are the...
All organisms...
Cells
Robert Hooke
units of life.
consist of cells.
smallest unit of life that can function independently.
In 1660 he was the first to see outlines of cells.
Cells are the...
units of life.
All organisms...
consist of cells.
32 terms
Biology 110
Scientific method
Processes that associate with life
Two type of virus
Homeostasis
Observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, an…
Order, regulation, respond to the environment, grow and devel…
DNA and RNA it can not duplicate
Maintain a organisms internal despite the external environment.
Scientific method
Observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, an…
Processes that associate with life
Order, regulation, respond to the environment, grow and devel…
39 terms
Biology 110 Chapter 2
Atom
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
its negative charge in the atom
Atom
smallest basic unit of matter
Compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
39 terms
BPK 110: Energy Balance
overweight
underweight
body composition
obesity
over fatness of a moderate degree; defined as a body mass ind…
too little body fat for health; defined as having body mass i…
the proportions of muscle, bone, fat, and other tissue that m…
over fatness with adverse health effects, as determined by re…
overweight
over fatness of a moderate degree; defined as a body mass ind…
underweight
too little body fat for health; defined as having body mass i…
23 terms
Biology 110
Linear energy transfer
Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE)
LET
250, 1
A measure rate at which energy is transferred from a beam of…
A means of measuring the amount of damage caused by equal amo…
RBE is directly proportional to ____
___kVp diagnostic x-rays are the standard against which all o…
Linear energy transfer
A measure rate at which energy is transferred from a beam of…
Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE)
A means of measuring the amount of damage caused by equal amo…
75 terms
Biology 110 - Chapter 3 -
Rigid, nonliving barrier unique to pla…
Phospholipid bilayer with proteins whi…
gellike filler material that surrounds…
site of aerobic cellular respiration,…
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
mitochondrion
Rigid, nonliving barrier unique to pla…
cell wall
Phospholipid bilayer with proteins whi…
cell membrane
17 terms
BIOLOGY 110
Nucleus
Four Sub-Phases of Mitosis
Rate of Proliferation; Stage of Develo…
Immature Cells
Large, central structure contained by nuclear membrane and is…
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase
Cells of a tissue system are identified by their ____________…
Called undifferentiated cells, precursor cells, or stem cells…
Nucleus
Large, central structure contained by nuclear membrane and is…
Four Sub-Phases of Mitosis
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase
15 terms
biology 110
acetyl coa
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
an important molecule in metabolism, used in many biochemical…
relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen.
relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen.
a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in…
acetyl coa
an important molecule in metabolism, used in many biochemical…
aerobic
relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen.
91 terms
biology 110
located primarily in the nucleus
site of protein production
located primarily in the cytoplasm
transfer and messenger system for dna
dna
ribosome
rna
rna
located primarily in the nucleus
dna
site of protein production
ribosome
71 terms
biology 110
cells
organisms
respiration
homeostasis
simplest form of life
use energy from the environment to maintain internal order
metabolic reactions that cell uses to get energy from food mo…
living organisms regulate their cells to maintain relatively…
cells
simplest form of life
organisms
use energy from the environment to maintain internal order
46 terms
Biology 110 Study Guide
Cell
Cell Theory
Preexisting Cells
One or more cells
The Smallest Unit of life that can function indepedently
Explains the prevalence and commonaltiites of Cells
All cells come from what?
All organisms are made of how many cells?
Cell
The Smallest Unit of life that can function indepedently
Cell Theory
Explains the prevalence and commonaltiites of Cells
37 terms
Biology 110
Polysaccharides
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Organic
Complex carbohydrate made up of chains of monosaccharides. ... E…
Carbohydrate made up of one type of sugar. Ex: glucose
Carbohydrates made up of 2 sugars bonded together. Ex: glucos…
Compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
Polysaccharides
Complex carbohydrate made up of chains of monosaccharides. ... E…
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrate made up of one type of sugar. Ex: glucose
74 terms
Biology 110
Glycosidic bond
Phosphodiester Bond
Peptide bond
Ester Bond
Bond between two disscarides
bond between nucleic acids
bond between amino acids
Bond between triglycerides
Glycosidic bond
Bond between two disscarides
Phosphodiester Bond
bond between nucleic acids
10 terms
Biology 110
matter
element
compound
atom
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
the smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
25 terms
Biology 110
Mitotic Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Cycle
The process by which a parent cell divides into two or more d…
Nuclear division mechanism that maintains the chromosome numb…
Cytoplasmic division; process in which a eukaryotic cell divi…
The collective series if intervals and events of a cells life…
Mitotic Cell Division
The process by which a parent cell divides into two or more d…
Mitosis
Nuclear division mechanism that maintains the chromosome numb…
130 terms
Biology 110
CHAPER 10
Phase 1: The formation of Small Molecu…
Phase 2: The formation of self-replica…
Phase 3: The development of a Membrane…
AS FOLLOWS
Earth Atmosphere before contained large amounts of carbon dio…
RNA appears- it can catalyze reactions necessary for replicat…
Membranes make numerous aspects of metabolism possible.
CHAPER 10
AS FOLLOWS
Phase 1: The formation of Small Molecu…
Earth Atmosphere before contained large amounts of carbon dio…
15 terms
Biology 110
Perfect flower
Imperfect flower
Stamimate flower
Carpellate flower
Has both stamen and carpels
Missing either stamen ir carpels
Only stamen
Only carpels
Perfect flower
Has both stamen and carpels
Imperfect flower
Missing either stamen ir carpels
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