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Study sets matching "bio 2 biological diversity"

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Study sets matching "bio 2 biological diversity"

92 terms
Apex Biology Unit 8: Biological Diversity 2
absorptive nutrition
hyphae
mycelium
septum
A mode of nutrition by which a fungus secretes digestive enzy…
Branching structures composed of cytoplasm surrounded by both…
The branching network of hyphae produced by an individual fun…
Semi-permeable wall that divides the hyphae of some fungi int…
absorptive nutrition
A mode of nutrition by which a fungus secretes digestive enzy…
hyphae
Branching structures composed of cytoplasm surrounded by both…
12 terms
Biology SAT / Biological Diversity
Domain Bacteria
Domain Archaea
Domain Eukarya
Kingdom Protista
Made up of single-celled prokaryotic organisms, with no inter…
Is made up only of prokaryotic extremophiles
All organisms that have a nucleus and internal organelles
Mostly made up of single celled eukaryotic organisms, but con…
Domain Bacteria
Made up of single-celled prokaryotic organisms, with no inter…
Domain Archaea
Is made up only of prokaryotic extremophiles
65 terms
SAT Biology - Biological Diversity
What is the Linnaean hierarchy?
What are extremophiles?
What is the three-domain system?
What are the three domains?
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
microorganisms that live in extreme environments (that seemed…
a system of organizing the kingdoms based on DNA analysis.
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea (formerly archaebacteria)... 3. Eukarya
What is the Linnaean hierarchy?
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
What are extremophiles?
microorganisms that live in extreme environments (that seemed…
46 terms
AP Biology - Biological Diversity
Taxonomy
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Autotrophs ( photo and chem autotrophs)
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species... "Dear…
1. Chromosomes consist of long, linear DNA packaged with hist…
1. Have a single chromosome made up of a short, circular DNA…
manufacture own organic molecules... - photoautotrophs: use ligh…
Taxonomy
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species... "Dear…
Eukaryotic cells
1. Chromosomes consist of long, linear DNA packaged with hist…
45 terms
SAT Biology - Biological Diversity
taxa system
Domain Bacteria
conjugation
Domain Archaea
kingdom --> phylum --> class --> order --> family --> genus -…
- single-celled prokaryotes with no internal membrane s... - ana…
a primitive form of sexual reproduction where individuals exc…
- unicellular ... - prokaryotic w/o internal membranes ... - contai…
taxa system
kingdom --> phylum --> class --> order --> family --> genus -…
Domain Bacteria
- single-celled prokaryotes with no internal membrane s... - ana…
51 terms
Biology: Biological Diversity
Differences between Archae and Prokary…
Similarities between Archae and Eukary…
Major Types of Archae
Differences between Bacteria and Archa…
cell walls contain polysaccharides, phopholipid layer has a g…
DNA associated with histones, ribosome activity not inhibited…
Methanogens (obligate anaerobes that make methane)... Extrempoph…
cell wall made of peptidoglycan, DNA not associated with hist…
Differences between Archae and Prokary…
cell walls contain polysaccharides, phopholipid layer has a g…
Similarities between Archae and Eukary…
DNA associated with histones, ribosome activity not inhibited…
36 terms
SAT Biology: Biological Diversity
Domain Bacteria
Domin Archaes
Types of Extremophiles
Methanogens
- Al are single-celled prokaryotes w/o internal membranes... - S…
- Unicellular... - Prokaryotic - No internal membranes... - Extremo…
1. Methanogens... 2. Halophiles... 3. Thermophiles
Obtain energy in a unique way by producing methane from hydro…
Domain Bacteria
- Al are single-celled prokaryotes w/o internal membranes... - S…
Domin Archaes
- Unicellular... - Prokaryotic - No internal membranes... - Extremo…
76 terms
Biology Exam 2 (Biological Diversity and Human Evolution)
plantae vs. animalia
plantae, fungi, animalia, protista, mo…
Whittaker
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
2 kingdoms system dated back to Linnaeus
5 kingdom system, based largely on feeding system
1969, 5 kingdom system
3 domain system, based on molecular evidence
plantae vs. animalia
2 kingdoms system dated back to Linnaeus
plantae, fungi, animalia, protista, mo…
5 kingdom system, based largely on feeding system
168 terms
DAT Biology (Biological Diversity)
Order of taxa
phylogeny
Systematics
Eukaryotic cell features (3)
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... order... family ... genus... species... dumb…
evolutionary relationships
A scientific discipline focused on classifying organisms and…
1. chromosomes contain long, linear DNA with histone; ... 2. enc…
Order of taxa
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... order... family ... genus... species... dumb…
phylogeny
evolutionary relationships
30 terms
SAT BIOLOGY: Biological Diversity
Taxonomy
Taxa
Kingdom
Archaebacteria
-System by which we name and classify all organisms, living a…
-levels of organization... 1. Kingdom... 2. Phylum... 3.Class... 4. Order…
-Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia, Archaebacteria
-Extremophiles (microorganisms that live in extreme environme…
Taxonomy
-System by which we name and classify all organisms, living a…
Taxa
-levels of organization... 1. Kingdom... 2. Phylum... 3.Class... 4. Order…
DAT Biology - Biological Diversity
Taxonomy
Life
Energy acquisition
Archaea Domain
organisms classified into categories called taxa... naming = gen…
living things must have 1+ cell, plasma membrane, DNA, RNA/ri…
autotrophs = make own organic molecules (photo, chem)... heterot…
prokaryotes, known as archaebacteria... polysaccharide cell wall…
Taxonomy
organisms classified into categories called taxa... naming = gen…
Life
living things must have 1+ cell, plasma membrane, DNA, RNA/ri…
82 terms
DAT Biology (Biological Diversity)
Dumb Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Sa…
Systematics
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic
Domain (Archaea, Eukarya, Bacteria)... Kingdom... Phyla (division o…
study of evolutionary relationships among organisms
long linear DNA and histone proteins... nucleus with chromosomes…
single short naked circular DNA... plasmids... flagella with flagel…
Dumb Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Sa…
Domain (Archaea, Eukarya, Bacteria)... Kingdom... Phyla (division o…
Systematics
study of evolutionary relationships among organisms
114 terms
DAT Biology (Biological Diversity)
Order of taxa
phylogeny
Systematics
Eukaryotic cell features
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... order... family ... genus... species... dumb…
evolutionary relationships
A scientific discipline focused on classifying organisms and…
1. chromosomes contain long, linear DNA with histone; ... 2. enc…
Order of taxa
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... order... family ... genus... species... dumb…
phylogeny
evolutionary relationships
98 terms
Biology 1020 Biological Diversity
traits of Kingdom Monera
traits of Kingdom Protista
What three groups does kingdom Protist…
paramecium
-prokaryotic and single celled... -have cell walls... -some are het…
-eukaryotic and single-celled
-paramecium... -amoeba... -euglena
-heterotrophic by ingestion... -cilia
traits of Kingdom Monera
-prokaryotic and single celled... -have cell walls... -some are het…
traits of Kingdom Protista
-eukaryotic and single-celled
31 terms
DAT Biology Biological Diversity
Flagella in Eukaryote vs. Prokaryote
How is flagella operated in bacteria
Obligate aerobes
Obligate anaerobes
9+2 microtubules vs. flagellin proteins
use proton motive force (NOT ATP) to spin and give locomotion
must have O2 to live
require absence of O2 to live
Flagella in Eukaryote vs. Prokaryote
9+2 microtubules vs. flagellin proteins
How is flagella operated in bacteria
use proton motive force (NOT ATP) to spin and give locomotion
36 terms
AP Biology Biological Diversity Vocab
Taxonomy
System of Binomial Nomenclature
Three-Domain System
Domain Bacteria
Discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
a formal system of naming species of living things by giving…
A system of taxonomic classification based on three basic gro…
Made up of small, single-celled prokaryotic organisms that us…
Taxonomy
Discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
System of Binomial Nomenclature
a formal system of naming species of living things by giving…
58 terms
Biology: Biological Diversity
Define: Taxonomy
List: THe order of taxa from least to…
Define: Systematics
Explain: Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic ce…
Organisms are classified into categories called taxa (singula…
Domain, Kingdom (divisions for fungi and plants), phyla, clas…
Study of the evolutionary relationships among organisms.
Eukaryotic cells:... 1. Chromosomes consist of a very long, lin…
Define: Taxonomy
Organisms are classified into categories called taxa (singula…
List: THe order of taxa from least to…
Domain, Kingdom (divisions for fungi and plants), phyla, clas…
91 terms
Population Biology & Biological Diversity
The number of organisms of one species…
If the number of organisms in a popula…
If the number of organisms rises *abov…
A limiting factor that has an increasi…
carrying capacity
exceeds
deaths
competition
The number of organisms of one species…
carrying capacity
If the number of organisms in a popula…
exceeds
9 terms
Biology biological diversity and conservation.
Habitat loss
Habitat degradation
Habitat fragmentation
Extinct
Cleared land that erased species habitat, which they depend on
The damage to a habitat by pollution
The separation of wilderness areas from other wilderness areas
All members of species have died and no longer exists
Habitat loss
Cleared land that erased species habitat, which they depend on
Habitat degradation
The damage to a habitat by pollution
30 terms
Biological Diversity (BIOLOGY SAT)
Taxa
Three Domain System
Domain Bacteria
Domain Archaea
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya
All are prokaryotes (single celled)... Anaerobes and aerobes... Vit…
Unicellular... All are prokaryotes... Include extremophiles:... 1. Met…
Taxa
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
Three Domain System
Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya
OAT Biology: Biological Diversity
Mnemonic device for taxonomy
Flagella and cilia are made of the pro…
Who manufactures their own organic mol…
Photoautotrophs use what type of energy?
Dear King Phillip Came Over For Good Sex
"9+2" microtuble arrays
Autotrophs
Light energy
Mnemonic device for taxonomy
Dear King Phillip Came Over For Good Sex
Flagella and cilia are made of the pro…
"9+2" microtuble arrays
42 terms
AP Biology: Biological Diversity
How is a species named?
Categories of Organisms
Dumb Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Sand
3 Features of All Cells
species name + genus name
Taxa
Domains (most general)... Kingdoms... Phyla... Classes... Orders... Families…
1) plasma membrane... 2) genetic material (DNA)... 3) mechanism for…
How is a species named?
species name + genus name
Categories of Organisms
Taxa
14 terms
DAT BIOLOGY - biological diversity
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic
taxonomic breakdown
autotrophs
(Eukaryotic or Prokaryotic cells?)... long, linear DNA w/ histon…
short, circular DNA (histones may or may not be present)... no n…
D K P C O F G S... domain kingdom phylum class order family gen…
make own organic molecules
eukaryotic cells
(Eukaryotic or Prokaryotic cells?)... long, linear DNA w/ histon…
prokaryotic
short, circular DNA (histones may or may not be present)... no n…
21 terms
Biological Diversity Section 2
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
heritable traits
continuous traits
The formation of a new organism from a single organism... Note:…
Any reproductive process that involves two sexes or mating ty…
A trait that can be passed on genetically from parent to offs…
Continuous traits are those that can exist in a range (height…
asexual reproduction
The formation of a new organism from a single organism... Note:…
sexual reproduction
Any reproductive process that involves two sexes or mating ty…
24 terms
Biological Diversity 2.2
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Budding
Spores
reproduction without the fusion of sex cells, results in iden…
a type of asexual reproduction where a parent cell divides in…
a type of asexual reproduction in which a new organism develo…
a cell produced by asexual reproduction in certain organisms…
Asexual reproduction
reproduction without the fusion of sex cells, results in iden…
Binary fission
a type of asexual reproduction where a parent cell divides in…
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
131 terms
Biology - Ch. 9: Biological Diversity
Phylogeny:
Systematics:
All living things have (3):
Eukaryotic cell (eukaryotes) (4):
evolutionary relationships
study of evolutionary relationship among organisms
1 or more cells; All cells have plasma membrane, DNA, & RNA &…
chromosomes w/ long,linear DNA molecule w/ histone proteins,…
Phylogeny:
evolutionary relationships
Systematics:
study of evolutionary relationship among organisms
36 terms
Biological Diversity ELO 2
Heritable Characteristic
Non-heritable Characteristic
Discrete Variation
Continuous Variation
Characteristics passed from the parent to the offspring.... Exam…
Characteristics that are not passed from the parent to the of…
Variations that are passed off rarely from the parents.
Variations that are passed off mostly from the parents.
Heritable Characteristic
Characteristics passed from the parent to the offspring.... Exam…
Non-heritable Characteristic
Characteristics that are not passed from the parent to the of…
91 terms
Biological Diversity Unit 2
Heredity
Genetics
Heritable trait
Non-heritable trait
The passing on of traits from parent to offspring
the study of heredity
A trait acquired from parents that you're born with (Ex, natu…
A trait you get from existing (Ex, dyed hair, scars)
Heredity
The passing on of traits from parent to offspring
Genetics
the study of heredity
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
12 terms
Unit 2 Biological Diversity
Reproductive Success
Not All Organisms are Born Equal
How do animals increase the chance of…
Innate/Instinctive Behavior
...
...
...
...
Reproductive Success
...
Not All Organisms are Born Equal
...
71 terms
AP Biology - Biological Diversity - Evolution
taxa - general to specific
three domain
domain bacteria
domain archaea
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species
bacteria, eukarya, archaea
-prokaryotes ... -conjugation (primitive form of sexual reproduc…
-unicellular ... -prokaryotic - no internal membranes such as nu…
taxa - general to specific
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species
three domain
bacteria, eukarya, archaea
14 terms
Chapter 2: biological diversity
what are the three types of biological…
genetic diversity allows _____
community diversity supports _____ and…
what are the different possible defini…
1. species diversity... 2. genetic diversity... 3. community divers…
species to survive and adapt (i.e. evolve)
ecosystem function; humans (i.e. ecological services)
biological, morphological, evolutionary
what are the three types of biological…
1. species diversity... 2. genetic diversity... 3. community divers…
genetic diversity allows _____
species to survive and adapt (i.e. evolve)
36 terms
Honors Biology B - Biological Diversity (Unit 3 Pt. 2)
Arthro-
Auto-
-blast
Carn-
jointed... (arthropod)
self... (autorope)
sprout, germ... (blastula)
meat... (carnivore)
Arthro-
jointed... (arthropod)
Auto-
self... (autorope)
20 terms
Biological Diversity Exam 2
Hyphae
Mycelium
Lichen
Mycorrhizae
Long, slender filaments that make up multicellular fungi
Mass of connected hyphae
Symbiotic associations between a fungus and a photosynthetic…
Mutualistic relationships between fungi and plants
Hyphae
Long, slender filaments that make up multicellular fungi
Mycelium
Mass of connected hyphae
13 terms
Biological diversity 2
Biological evolution
Natural selection
adaptive trait
Differential reproduction
The process of a changing over time through changes in charac…
In which individuals with certain traits are more likely to s…
A trait that improve the ability of an individual to survive…
series of traits to produce more surviving offspring than oth…
Biological evolution
The process of a changing over time through changes in charac…
Natural selection
In which individuals with certain traits are more likely to s…
24 terms
Biological Diversity 2.0
Variation Within a Species
Heretity
Genetics
Heritable or Inherited Traits
Distinct charctetistics that make organisms ftom the same spe…
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring.
The study of heretity.
Traits that are passed on from part to their offspring.
Variation Within a Species
Distinct charctetistics that make organisms ftom the same spe…
Heretity
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring.
114 terms
9. DAT Biology (Biological Diversity)
Order of taxa
phylogeny
Systematics
Eukaryotic cell features
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... order... family ... genus... species... dumb…
evolutionary relationships
A scientific discipline focused on classifying organisms and…
1. chromosomes contain long, linear DNA with histone; ... 2. enc…
Order of taxa
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... order... family ... genus... species... dumb…
phylogeny
evolutionary relationships
10 terms
Biological Diversity (2.0)
Variation
Inherited
Non-inherited
Discrete
is one of the most critical aspects of species survival. This…
(heritable) characteristics are those traits which are passed…
characteristics are acquired and not necessarily passed on fr…
variations are differences in characteristics that have a def…
Variation
is one of the most critical aspects of species survival. This…
Inherited
(heritable) characteristics are those traits which are passed…
36 terms
Biological Diversity ELO 2
Heritable Characteristic
Non-Heritable Characteristic
Discrete Variation
Continuous Variation
Passed from parent to offspring. (Example: eye colour, hair c…
Not passed from parent to offspring. Result from the environm…
There are a small number of variations. (2-4)
There are many variations. (Example: height, eye colour, hair…
Heritable Characteristic
Passed from parent to offspring. (Example: eye colour, hair c…
Non-Heritable Characteristic
Not passed from parent to offspring. Result from the environm…
35 terms
Biological diversity ELO 2
Heritable characteristic
Non-heritable characteristic
Discrete variation
Continuous variation
can be passed genetically to offspring
not genetically passed on
small number of variation
Many variations
Heritable characteristic
can be passed genetically to offspring
Non-heritable characteristic
not genetically passed on
26 terms
Biological Diversity Topic 2
Heritable Characteristics
Non-heritable characteristics
Discrete variation
Continuous variation
Characteristics that are transmitted from generation to gener…
Characteristics caused by the environment, such as tanned skin.
Variation in a heritable characteristic that has an either/or…
Variation in a heritable characteristic that falls within a r…
Heritable Characteristics
Characteristics that are transmitted from generation to gener…
Non-heritable characteristics
Characteristics caused by the environment, such as tanned skin.
38 terms
Biological Diversity Topic 2
Anther
Asexual Reproduction
Binary fission
Budding
A part if the stemen that produces pollen and stores it (2.2)
Reproduction without the fashion of sex cells, resulting iden…
A type of asexual reproduction in amoebas and other organisms…
A type of asexual reproduction in which a new organism develo…
Anther
A part if the stemen that produces pollen and stores it (2.2)
Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction without the fashion of sex cells, resulting iden…
34 terms
Biological Diversity S.2
Heritable Characteristics
Non-Heritable Characteristics
Discrete Variation
Continuous Variation
Passed on from generation to generation.... -Eye colour... -Hair co…
Acquired characteristics.... Not passed on to other generations.…
Differences in characteristics that have a defined form.... -"Ei…
Differences in characteristics that have a range of forms.... -N…
Heritable Characteristics
Passed on from generation to generation.... -Eye colour... -Hair co…
Non-Heritable Characteristics
Acquired characteristics.... Not passed on to other generations.…
Biological Diversity Topic 2
Produces more offspring
Produce genetically different offsprin…
Results in clones
Clone
Asexual reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Genetically Identical
Produces more offspring
Asexual reproduction
Produce genetically different offsprin…
Sexual Reproduction
31 terms
Biological Diversity Part 2
Cell Division in Asexual Reproduction
Mitosis
Artificial insemination
Vitro fertilization
First the parent cell makes an exact copy of DNA and doubles…
Multicellular organisms such as skin cells use this process f…
Sperm from a bull with desired characteristics is harvested a…
Sperm from a prized bull and eggs from a prized cow are harve…
Cell Division in Asexual Reproduction
First the parent cell makes an exact copy of DNA and doubles…
Mitosis
Multicellular organisms such as skin cells use this process f…
9 terms
Biological Diversity Section: 2
Heritable characteristic
Non-heritable characteristic
Discrete variation
Continuous variation
Traits passed on from generation to generation. For example e…
Traits that are acquired. Like playing an instrument.
Refers to differences in characteristics that have a defined…
Refers to differences in characteristics that have a range of…
Heritable characteristic
Traits passed on from generation to generation. For example e…
Non-heritable characteristic
Traits that are acquired. Like playing an instrument.
30 terms
Biology Exam 3 Part 2 (How Biological Diversity Evolves)
Speciation
Biological Species Concept
Species
Reproductive Barrier
an evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
the definition of a species as a population or group of popul…
a group of populations whose members possess similar anatomic…
anything that prevents individuals of closely related species…
Speciation
an evolutionary process in which one species splits into two…
Biological Species Concept
the definition of a species as a population or group of popul…
79 terms
SAT II Biology - Biological Diversity (9)
The system by which organisms are name…
What are the 3 domains?
In which domain are all the single cel…
What do decomposers do?
taxonomy
Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
Bacteria
Recycle dead organic matter
The system by which organisms are name…
taxonomy
What are the 3 domains?
Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
60 terms
Biological Diversity Kershner Test 2
prezygotic isolation
mechanical isolation
body mismatch
lock and key mismatch
where mating is possible but cant happen
body mismatch, lock and key
reproduction structures make mating impossible
reproductive structures don't fit right
prezygotic isolation
where mating is possible but cant happen
mechanical isolation
body mismatch, lock and key
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