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Study sets matching "bio 208"

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Study sets matching "bio 208"

98 terms
Biology 208
Evolution
Ernest Haekel Ecology Definition
Gene Pool
ecosystem
Change in gene frequency within a gene pool. Happens within p…
Okies + logos = study of house
All alleles in a population
all organisms living in an area and the physical environment…
Evolution
Change in gene frequency within a gene pool. Happens within p…
Ernest Haekel Ecology Definition
Okies + logos = study of house
106 terms
Biology 208
Ecology
Biotic
Abiotic
Species Ecology
The study of relationships and interactions between organisms…
Living
Non-living
Study of an individual species.
Ecology
The study of relationships and interactions between organisms…
Biotic
Living
127 terms
Biology 208
Evolution
Gene Pool
Phenotype variation equation
Mechanisms of Evolution
Change in gene frequency within a gene pool. Happens within p…
All alleles in a population
Vp = Vg + Ve... Vp= phenotype variation... Vg= genetic variation... Ve…
1) Natural Selection... 2) Genetic Drift... 3) Mutations
Evolution
Change in gene frequency within a gene pool. Happens within p…
Gene Pool
All alleles in a population
Biology 208 Unit 2
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product... -each…
releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones... e…
Metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic Pathway
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product... -each…
256 terms
Biology 208 Final Exam
A peptide bond is to amino acids as a…
Peptide Bond
The active site of an enzyme is the re…
Dermal, Ground and Vascular are all ex…
Phosphodiester bond
Chemical bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl…
Is involved in the catalytic reaction of the enzyme
Plant Tissue
A peptide bond is to amino acids as a…
Phosphodiester bond
Peptide Bond
Chemical bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl…
102 terms
Biology 208 Exam 2
Energy
Potential
Kinetic
Chemical Energy
The capacity to do work or cause change... 2 forms
Stored energy due to location or structure, not currently bei…
Actively being used
Form of potential energy... Energy stored between the bonds of a…
Energy
The capacity to do work or cause change... 2 forms
Potential
Stored energy due to location or structure, not currently bei…
124 terms
Biology 208 Exam 3
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomy vs. Physiology
Adaptations
An organism's physical structure or form
how the physical structures in an organism function
In elephants regulating heat exchange with the environment in…
heritable traits that make individuals more likely to survive…
Anatomy
An organism's physical structure or form
Physiology
how the physical structures in an organism function
28 terms
BIO208 Conservation Biology
conservation biology
Economic value
Conservation aims to maintain diversit…
Plant richness underlies diversity
- beyond recycling and planting trees... - integrates population…
- 25% prescrip drugs from plants... - many tropical plants could…
1) Ecosystem diversity... 2) Species diversity... 3) Genetic divers…
- plots sown with <24 species of native prairie plants... - more…
conservation biology
- beyond recycling and planting trees... - integrates population…
Economic value
- 25% prescrip drugs from plants... - many tropical plants could…
37 terms
Biology 208 Water Relations
What two organisms is maintaining wate…
What influences water movement between…
The potential for water loss through e…
What is relative humidity?
Terrestrial organisms in dry environments & Aquatic organisms…
Concentration gradients.
-Temperature... -Water content in surrounding air
The water vapour that is in the air relative to the airs satu…
What two organisms is maintaining wate…
Terrestrial organisms in dry environments & Aquatic organisms…
What influences water movement between…
Concentration gradients.
8 terms
Biology vocabulary pg. 208
Diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
Aquaporin
Osmosis
Process by which particles tend to move from an area where th…
Process of diffusion in which molecules pass across the membr…
Water channel protein in a cell
Diffusion of water through selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
Process by which particles tend to move from an area where th…
Facilitated diffusion
Process of diffusion in which molecules pass across the membr…
13 terms
Biology pg.195-208
Genetics
Genetics Factors
Environmental Factors
Spiritual Factors
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's…
The factors in a person's life that are determined by the qua…
Genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
Genetics Factors
The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
42 terms
Biology 208 Terms
Divergent evolution
Analysis of fossil record
Fossils
Age of the fossil determined
from a common ancestor, start from one split into two
anatomical features, study discovery site
remains of plants, animals or other organisms that once lived
geological analysis(soil profiles, rock types, radioisotopes
Divergent evolution
from a common ancestor, start from one split into two
Analysis of fossil record
anatomical features, study discovery site
13 terms
Biology pg. 208
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Aquaporins
Osmosis
The process by which particles move from an area of high conc…
The process in which molecules that cannot directly diffuse a…
Water channel proteins that allow water to pass right through…
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
Diffusion
The process by which particles move from an area of high conc…
Facilitated Diffusion
The process in which molecules that cannot directly diffuse a…
16 terms
Biology 208 lecture 7
Low concentration of P & N... High in C,…
High concentration of Ca & P... Rich in N…
Solar radiation ... Organic molecules... Ino…
Energy from the sun
Essential nutrients in plants
Vertebrates require these two essential nutrients more than i…
Three main sources of energy
Solar radiation
Low concentration of P & N... High in C,…
Essential nutrients in plants
High concentration of Ca & P... Rich in N…
Vertebrates require these two essential nutrients more than i…
172 terms
Biology 208 Ecology
Mechanism of evolution
Directional selection
Stabilizing selection
Disruptive selection
Mutation—relatively rare... Genetic drift—important in small p…
Shifts in a specific direction
The average do best/survive
The extremes do best/survive
Mechanism of evolution
Mutation—relatively rare... Genetic drift—important in small p…
Directional selection
Shifts in a specific direction
91 terms
Biology 208 Exam 3
Suspension Feeders
Bulk Feeders
Fluid Feeders
Substrate Feeders
Another name for filter feeders, they filter water to obtain…
Consumers who eat their food in large chunks... ex snakes
Drink their food, nutrients found in liquid... ex- leeches, humm…
Live on their food source... ex maggets
Suspension Feeders
Another name for filter feeders, they filter water to obtain…
Bulk Feeders
Consumers who eat their food in large chunks... ex snakes
81 terms
Biology 208 Exam 2
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Chemical Energy
The capacity of an object to do work
Energy in motion, being used
Stored energy due to location or structure
Structure of the molecule and can be released during a chemic…
Energy
The capacity of an object to do work
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion, being used
93 terms
Biology 208 Exam 1
Electron
Proton
Neutron
Valence
negatively charged element of an atom, orbits the nucleus
positively charged element of an atom, makes up the nucleus
neutral element of an atom, makes up the nucleus
Valence number is the number of unpaired electrons required t…
Electron
negatively charged element of an atom, orbits the nucleus
Proton
positively charged element of an atom, makes up the nucleus
50 terms
Biology 208 Chap. 18
Feedback inhibition
Coordinately control
Operon
Repressor
Regulates enzyme activity already present.
A single "on-off switch" controls the whole cluster of functi…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. ... Prokaryotes: Rep…
Feedback inhibition
Regulates enzyme activity already present.
Coordinately control
A single "on-off switch" controls the whole cluster of functi…
Biology 208 Midterm
1st Law Thermodynamics
2nd Law Thermodynamics
simple diffusion
facilitated diffusion
Energy is never created or destroyed
entropy increases with each energy transfer
passive transport, permeable substances
passive transport, nonpermeable substances
1st Law Thermodynamics
Energy is never created or destroyed
2nd Law Thermodynamics
entropy increases with each energy transfer
105 terms
Biology 208 Exam 1
Typological Thinking
Lamarck's Theory of Evolution
Darwin and Wallace's Theory of Evolution
Evidence that species change through t…
Plato, Aristotle and religious texts presenting species as un…
Species are not static but change through time. Evolution occ…
Evolution occurs by natural selection. Beginning of populatio…
1. Earth's age and the fact of extinction.... 2. The resemblance…
Typological Thinking
Plato, Aristotle and religious texts presenting species as un…
Lamarck's Theory of Evolution
Species are not static but change through time. Evolution occ…
65 terms
Biology 208 Chap. 17
Gene Expression
"One Gene One Enzyme" hypothesis
Transcription
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
The process by which information encoded in DNA directs the s…
States that a gene dictates the production of a specific enzy…
The synthesis of RNA using a DNA template.
A type of RNA synthesized using a DNA template, that attaches…
Gene Expression
The process by which information encoded in DNA directs the s…
"One Gene One Enzyme" hypothesis
States that a gene dictates the production of a specific enzy…
37 terms
Biology 208 Exam 1
nucleus
nucleolus
smooth ER
Rough ER
Houses Chromosomes
Produces ribosomes for the cell
Synthesis of lipids
makes secretory proteins
nucleus
Houses Chromosomes
nucleolus
Produces ribosomes for the cell
112 terms
Biology 208 Final
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Homologies
Biological Fitness
changes in gene frequency from one population to the next
descent of different species from a common ancestor over many…
shared similarities between species inherited from a common a…
Measure of the relative contribution of an individual to gene…
Microevolution
changes in gene frequency from one population to the next
Macroevolution
descent of different species from a common ancestor over many…
47 terms
Biology 208 Exam 1
binomial nomenclature
biological species concept
clade
ecological species concept
system for naming species established by Carl Linnaeus that g…
Members of the same species are capable of interbreeding, pro…
A group consisting of a common ancestor and all of it;s desce…
Uses information about the niche to distinguish between diffe…
binomial nomenclature
system for naming species established by Carl Linnaeus that g…
biological species concept
Members of the same species are capable of interbreeding, pro…
178 terms
Biology 208 Final
Why is communication important for bot…
Describe the different types of short…
What is a type of long distance commun…
What are three main stages of a cell s…
Important for human diseases, and signaling between a single…
Contact-dependent Signaling- cells must be contact ( signalin…
Endocrine Signaling in Animals- Hormones that travel in blood…
Reception- Ligand bind receptor... Transduction-- Intermediate…
Why is communication important for bot…
Important for human diseases, and signaling between a single…
Describe the different types of short…
Contact-dependent Signaling- cells must be contact ( signalin…
121 terms
Biology 208 Introduction To Ecology
Describe an Individual:
Describe a population:
Describe a community:
Describe an ecosystem:
This defines the unit of natural selection, which characteriz…
This consists of a individual soy the same species living in…
This characterizes all populations of species living together…
This characterizes one or more communities of living organism…
Describe an Individual:
This defines the unit of natural selection, which characteriz…
Describe a population:
This consists of a individual soy the same species living in…
20 terms
Biology 208 Quizzes
mammalian blood contains the equivalen…
in receptor mediated endocytosis, rece…
the active site of an enzyme is a regi…
which statement about exergonic reacti…
a
c
a
b
mammalian blood contains the equivalen…
a
in receptor mediated endocytosis, rece…
c
61 terms
Biology 208 test #1
Name the 4 observations that lead Darw…
What are the 2 inferences Darwin made…
Define evolution.
Explain the mechanisms of natural sele…
1. Members of a population vary in their traits. ... 2. Offsprin…
1. Individuals who have traits that allow them a higher chanc…
Descent with modification.
1. process by which individuals w/ favorable traits reproduce…
Name the 4 observations that lead Darw…
1. Members of a population vary in their traits. ... 2. Offsprin…
What are the 2 inferences Darwin made…
1. Individuals who have traits that allow them a higher chanc…
20 terms
Biology 208 Quizzes
mammalian blood contains the equivalen…
in receptor mediated endocytosis, rece…
the active site of an enzyme is a regi…
which statement about exergonic reacti…
a
c
a
b
mammalian blood contains the equivalen…
a
in receptor mediated endocytosis, rece…
c
34 terms
Biology Review for Bio 208
What are enzymes?
At any given moment, all of the work b…
Are enzymes specific? How many substra…
Are enzymes recycled?
Proteins that speed up the rate of chemical reactions
Enzymes
Yes. 1
Yes.
What are enzymes?
Proteins that speed up the rate of chemical reactions
At any given moment, all of the work b…
Enzymes
12 terms
Biology 208- Quiz #3
what is known as the ultimate form of…
what are the major parts of the chroma…
why does DNA stay attached to histones?
regulons?
chromatin remodeling
1. 8 histones ... 2. DNA wrapped twice ... 3. H1 protein: help keep…
because DNA is negative and histones are positive so they rea…
they are usually upstream (to the left) and they regulate a b…
what is known as the ultimate form of…
chromatin remodeling
what are the major parts of the chroma…
1. 8 histones ... 2. DNA wrapped twice ... 3. H1 protein: help keep…
131 terms
Biology 208-01 Exam 2
What three time intervals are importan…
What happened to the Great Lakes in th…
What happened to the Great Lakes in th…
What happened to the Great Lakes in th…
Precambrian Eon, Paleozoic Era, Pleistocene Epoch.
Started 3.8 bya. The basin of igneous rock was formed. Rift i…
A series of transgressions and regressions of the tropical se…
Pleistocene Epoch started 2 mya. Glacier erosion carved out l…
What three time intervals are importan…
Precambrian Eon, Paleozoic Era, Pleistocene Epoch.
What happened to the Great Lakes in th…
Started 3.8 bya. The basin of igneous rock was formed. Rift i…
24 terms
Biology table pg 208
What cell type is archeabacteria?
What cell type is bacteria?
What cell type is Protista?
What cell type is fungi?
Prokaryotic
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Eukaryotic
What cell type is archeabacteria?
Prokaryotic
What cell type is bacteria?
Prokaryotic
72 terms
Biology 208 Chapter 4 - Chapter 5
Organic
Strong Buffer
Hydrocarbons
Saturated
has a carbon chain
Stabilizes pH
Bunch of carbons and hydrogens
Ton of hydrogens
Organic
has a carbon chain
Strong Buffer
Stabilizes pH
73 terms
Biology 208 Exam 1 Vocabulary
Evolution
natural selection
convergent evolution
analogous structures
term used to describe a change in one or more heritable trait…
individuals with heritable traits better suited to the enviro…
two species from different lineages have independently evolve…
the product of convergent evolution, the actual traits formed…
Evolution
term used to describe a change in one or more heritable trait…
natural selection
individuals with heritable traits better suited to the enviro…
59 terms
Biology 208 lecture exam #2
- structural framework ... - protection o…
Ostiogenesis imperfecta
Results in broken bones
Bowed legs, soft bones
Name the roles of bone in the body
Bone isnt being properly produced
What would be the outcome with someone with a defect in the p…
What would be the out ome of someone with a defect in the inc…
- structural framework ... - protection o…
Name the roles of bone in the body
Ostiogenesis imperfecta
Bone isnt being properly produced
33 terms
Pulp Biology Final (D208)
Definition of Endodontics
Definition of dental pulp
Components of the dental pulp
Functions of the pulp
Branch of dentistry concerned with the 1) morphology, 2) phys…
Soft tissue located in the center of the tooth; forms, suppor…
odontoblasts (axons reaching out into dentin), blood vessels,…
formation, induction, nutrition, defense, sensation
Definition of Endodontics
Branch of dentistry concerned with the 1) morphology, 2) phys…
Definition of dental pulp
Soft tissue located in the center of the tooth; forms, suppor…
65 terms
Biology 208 Final Exam Cumulative
Population
Community
ecosystem
biosphere
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
living and nonliving things in an environment, together with…
All the ecosystems on the Earth + the atmosphere
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
Community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
115 terms
Biology 208-01 Final Exam
What are the factors that can lead to…
What are the three steps of the Milank…
How often do ice ages occur?
When did the Great Pleistocene Age Beg…
Solar Output... Milankovitch Cycle... Distance of Earth from Sun... Po…
Change in Orbit- 105,000 years... Change in Tilt (22.5-24.5 degr…
~150-200 million years (can last for millions of years).
~1.6 million years ago, and it has not ended yet. We are stil…
What are the factors that can lead to…
Solar Output... Milankovitch Cycle... Distance of Earth from Sun... Po…
What are the three steps of the Milank…
Change in Orbit- 105,000 years... Change in Tilt (22.5-24.5 degr…
9 terms
Biology vocabulary page 208-214
Diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
Aquaporins
Osmosis
The driving force behind the movement of many substances acro…
In which molecules that cannot directly diffuse across the me…
Allow water to pass right through them, water channel proteins
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
The driving force behind the movement of many substances acro…
Facilitated diffusion
In which molecules that cannot directly diffuse across the me…
13 terms
Biology- Key Terms- Pages 201, 204, and 208
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organisms that make their own food (ex:plants)
Organisms that obtain energy from foods they consume
One of the principal chemical compounds that cells use to sto…
Process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to convert…
Autotroph
Organisms that make their own food (ex:plants)
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain energy from foods they consume
29 terms
Biology 208 Unit 2 - Chp 8
energy
potential energy
chemical energy
kinetic energy
capacity to cause change
energy matter possesses because of its location or structure…
potential energy available for release in chemical reaction (…
energy of motion (ex. diver diving)
energy
capacity to cause change
potential energy
energy matter possesses because of its location or structure…
26 terms
Biology 208 Unit 2 - Chp 9
reducing agent
oxidizing agent
catabolism
anabolism
electron donor, becomes oxidized (lose e-)
electron receptor, becomes reduced (gains e-)
release energy to break down molecules
consume energy to build complex molecules
reducing agent
electron donor, becomes oxidized (lose e-)
oxidizing agent
electron receptor, becomes reduced (gains e-)
22 terms
Biology 208 Exam II- Chapter 9
Catabolic Pathways
What type of reaction is the breakdown…
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
-Release stored energy by breaking down complex molecules
-Exergonic
-Partial degradation of sugars that occur without O2
-Consumes organic molecules and O2 and yields ATP
Catabolic Pathways
-Release stored energy by breaking down complex molecules
What type of reaction is the breakdown…
-Exergonic
14 terms
Biology 208 Exam II- Chapter 50
Motor Neuron
Motor unit
Muscle Recruitment
How are Type 1 and Type 2 muscles dete…
control hundreds of muscle fibers
all fibers controlled by motor neuron... -fibers decrease---> P…
demand in increase of motor units---> activate more motor uni…
Genetically determined---> but can be converted from 2a to 2b…
Motor Neuron
control hundreds of muscle fibers
Motor unit
all fibers controlled by motor neuron... -fibers decrease---> P…
20 terms
Biology 208 Unit 2 - Chp 10
Plant leaf parts
stomata
mesophyll cell
chloroplast
stomata -> mesophyll cell -> chloroplast -> thylakoid, stroma…
pores in leaf, CO2 enters, O2 exits
interior tissue of leaf
site of photosynthesis
Plant leaf parts
stomata -> mesophyll cell -> chloroplast -> thylakoid, stroma…
stomata
pores in leaf, CO2 enters, O2 exits
40 terms
Biology 208 Exam II- Chaper 8
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathways
-totally of an organisms reactions... - emergent property of li…
-Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product.
-Releases energy from the breakdown of complex molecules into…
-Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones…
Metabolism
-totally of an organisms reactions... - emergent property of li…
Metabolic Pathway
-Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product.
18 terms
Biology 208 Unit 2 - Muscle Physiology
1 nerve cell
motor unit
muscle recruitment
myofilaments
1 neuron
all the muscle fibers controlled by 1 motor neuron
adding motor units to increase tension when there is an incre…
actin or myosin... filaments of myofibrils, constructed from pro…
1 nerve cell
1 neuron
motor unit
all the muscle fibers controlled by 1 motor neuron
50 terms
Biology 208 Unit 4 Practice Exam
Some viruses (including the AIDS virus…
Who provided critical X-ray evidence t…
A polypeptide contains 600 amino acids…
In the Messelson-Stahl experiment, bac…
RNA
Rosalind Franklin
1800
All of it was of intermediate density
Some viruses (including the AIDS virus…
RNA
Who provided critical X-ray evidence t…
Rosalind Franklin
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