Study sets matching "bio 210 lecture and lab"

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Study sets matching "bio 210 lecture and lab"

222 terms
Biology 210 Lecture Final
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Metabolism
studies structure.
functions of the body.
stable internal of the body.
the sum of the chemical reactions occurring in the body cell.
Anatomy
studies structure.
Physiology
functions of the body.
376 terms
Biology 210 Lecture Final
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Metabolism
studies structure
Studies functions of the body
Maintaining the internal stability of the body
the sum of all chemical reactions occurring in the body
Anatomy
studies structure
Physiology
Studies functions of the body
Biology 210 Lecture 1
The tongue of an orchid bee is called…
Adaptations are advantageous traits
Genetic drift occurs by chance
Populations evolve, not people
True
True
True
True
The tongue of an orchid bee is called…
True
Adaptations are advantageous traits
True
72 terms
Biology 210
What is a scientific theory?
Levels of organization:
Characteristics of living organisms:
Evolution:
not firmly established, can be refuted, general explanation f…
atom>cell(first living thing)>ecosystem(biotic/abiotic)>biosp…
complex, respond to stimuli, homeostasis, nutrients for energ…
diversity, modification, change in genetic makeup
What is a scientific theory?
not firmly established, can be refuted, general explanation f…
Levels of organization:
atom>cell(first living thing)>ecosystem(biotic/abiotic)>biosp…
67 terms
BIOL 210 Lecture- Macromolecules
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis ( a type of decomposition r…
Monosaccharides (Carbohydrate monomer)
Glucose (Carbohydrate Monomer)
Type of reaction in which monomers are joined by the loss of…
Process by which Polymers are disassembled. The opposite of a…
Dehydration synthesis
Type of reaction in which monomers are joined by the loss of…
Hydrolysis ( a type of decomposition r…
Process by which Polymers are disassembled. The opposite of a…
biology 210
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
38 terms
Biology 210 Chapter 3
carbon-based compounds
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucle…
Hydrocarbons
ATP
Living organisms consist mostly of
What are the Four major macromolecules... in all living things.
organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
consists of an organic molecule called adenosine attached to…
carbon-based compounds
Living organisms consist mostly of
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucle…
What are the Four major macromolecules... in all living things.
111 terms
biology 210 exam 3
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Forms of energy
The capacity to do work.
The energy of motion.
Stored energy.
Mechanical... Electric current... Heat ... Light... -most forms of energy…
Energy
The capacity to do work.
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion.
139 terms
Biology 210 Exam 2
chemical equation for cellular respira…
What does cellular respiration accompl…
in DNA, Adenine (A) pairs with
in DNA, guanine (G) pairs with
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---- 6CO2 + 6H2O + heat
It uses electrons harvested from high-energy molecules to pro…
Thymine (T)
Cytosine (C)
chemical equation for cellular respira…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---- 6CO2 + 6H2O + heat
What does cellular respiration accompl…
It uses electrons harvested from high-energy molecules to pro…
100 terms
Biology 210 Exam 1
Atomic Number
Isotope
Cations
Anions
Number of protons
An Element with the same number of protons but a different nu…
Have more protons than electrons
Have more electrons than protons
Atomic Number
Number of protons
Isotope
An Element with the same number of protons but a different nu…
107 terms
Biology 210 Vocabulary Words
abiotic
acid
adenine
alcohol
Nonliving; referring to the physical and chemical properties…
A substance that increased the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Part of the nitrogenous base family purines. Found in DNA and…
An organic chemical containing one or more hydroxyl groups. A…
abiotic
Nonliving; referring to the physical and chemical properties…
acid
A substance that increased the hydrogen ion concentration of…
54 terms
Biology 210 lecture exam#2 the peripheral nervous system
What is the difference between a gener…
What is the difference between a gener…
Define all general sensory receptors d…
Nociceptors
General or somatic senses:... Temperature, pain, touch, pressure…
Special Senses:... Includes olfaction (smell), vision (sight), g…
1. Nociceptors.... 2. Thermoreceptors.... 3. Mechanoreceptors.... 4. C…
Pain receptors.... Located: Superficial Skin, Joints, Bones, Blo…
What is the difference between a gener…
General or somatic senses:... Temperature, pain, touch, pressure…
What is the difference between a gener…
Special Senses:... Includes olfaction (smell), vision (sight), g…
120 terms
Biology 210 Lab Practical
pelage
nicitating membrane
vibrissae
anus
coat of hairs called fur or..... provides insulation for the ani…
a transparent or translucent third eyelid present in some ani…
another word for whiskers ... These hairs are usually long, stra…
transmits and lubricates stool as it passes externally from r…
pelage
coat of hairs called fur or..... provides insulation for the ani…
nicitating membrane
a transparent or translucent third eyelid present in some ani…
22 terms
Biology 210-lecture exam #2-intro to the nervous system II
What is the difference between graded…
What is the difference between graded…
Can a graded potential be generated by…
Can an Action Potential be generated b…
Graded potential is created either opening a Mechanical or a…
Action Potential is produced by an electrical event after rea…
Graded Potential can be created by BOTH:... Depolarizing stimulu…
An Action Potential only can be generated by a Depolarizing s…
What is the difference between graded…
Graded potential is created either opening a Mechanical or a…
What is the difference between graded…
Action Potential is produced by an electrical event after rea…
11 terms
BIO 210 Lecture 3 Concepts
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Heat (thermal energy)
The capacity to cause change or the ability to rearrange a co…
Energy associated with motion
Energy that matter possesses because of its location or struc…
Energy associated with random movement of atoms or molecules
Energy
The capacity to cause change or the ability to rearrange a co…
Kinetic energy
Energy associated with motion
Biology 210
skull
maxilla
madible
bones of the skull:
notice that many of the bones comprising the skull are fused…
the upper jawbone
the lower jawbone
frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital
skull
notice that many of the bones comprising the skull are fused…
maxilla
the upper jawbone
17 terms
BIO 210 Lecture 2 Concepts
Major biotic factors
Ecology
Ecological niche
Macroclimate
Competition, predation and symbiosis [parasitism, mutualism,…
The study of the interaction between organisms
The sum of a species' use of its abiotic and biotic resources
Consists of patterns on global, regional, and local level
Major biotic factors
Competition, predation and symbiosis [parasitism, mutualism,…
Ecology
The study of the interaction between organisms
21 terms
Bio 210 Lecture 4 Concepts
Electronegativity
Covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Non-polar covalent bond
How strongly an element will pull other electrons toward itse…
Share a pair of valence electrons
Unequal sharing of electrons
Equal sharing of electrons
Electronegativity
How strongly an element will pull other electrons toward itse…
Covalent bond
Share a pair of valence electrons
24 terms
Biology 210 Final Exam
Fluid Mosaic Model
Hydrogen Bonds
Primary protein structure
Secondary protein structure
membrane structure consists of phospholipids arranged in a bi…
very polar and very weak... Partially negative oxygen binds to p…
sequence of amino acids held together by covalent peptide binds
Interaction between the H bonds and polar groups in the pepti…
Fluid Mosaic Model
membrane structure consists of phospholipids arranged in a bi…
Hydrogen Bonds
very polar and very weak... Partially negative oxygen binds to p…
Biology 210
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Prokaryotic
Units of inheritance that transmits info from parent
The substance of genes. Determines each trait.
Most DNA tightly wrapped.
Simple, small. Nucleoid region, no nucleus. Not enclosed in m…
Genes
Units of inheritance that transmits info from parent
DNA
The substance of genes. Determines each trait.
22 terms
Bio 210 Lecture 5 Concepts
Structural isomer
Cis isomer
Trans isomer
Enantomer
Differ in covalent partners; Arranged differently, but have s…
Xs (atom or group attached to double bonded carbons) are on t…
Xs (atom or group attached to double bonded carbons) are on d…
Mirror images; can not be superimposed on each other
Structural isomer
Differ in covalent partners; Arranged differently, but have s…
Cis isomer
Xs (atom or group attached to double bonded carbons) are on t…
107 terms
BIOLOGY 210 EXAM 2
What is the enzyme that binds the heli…
What protein binds to single stranded…
The leading strand is _____ synthesis
The lagging strand is a _____ synthesis
Helicase
SSBP
continously
discontinous
What is the enzyme that binds the heli…
Helicase
What protein binds to single stranded…
SSBP
210 Second week Lecture 1
What are the two types of epithelial t…
Epithelia
Glands
exocrine glands
Epithelia and Glands
cellular layers of... different types that cover exposed... surface…
Exocrine glands and endocrine glands. Organized cells that cr…
secrete onto external surfaces or into internal passageways t…
What are the two types of epithelial t…
Epithelia and Glands
Epithelia
cellular layers of... different types that cover exposed... surface…
158 terms
Biology 210: Exam I
Charles Darwin
natural selection
phenotype
variations
-Evolution by "natural selection" (the weaker die out) wrote…
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
any difference between individuals of the same species
Charles Darwin
-Evolution by "natural selection" (the weaker die out) wrote…
natural selection
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
Biology 210 Chapter 1
Evolution
Biology
Levels of Biological Organization
The five themes of Biology
the process of change that transformed life on earth from its…
The scientific study of life
biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organisms, organ…
Information, organization, energy and matter, interactions an…
Evolution
the process of change that transformed life on earth from its…
Biology
The scientific study of life
Biology 210 Chapter 35
Organ
Tissue
Root
Lateral Roots
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
A group of cells, consisting of one or more type of cells, th…
is an organ that anchors a vascular plant in the soil, absorb…
roots that greatly enhance the ability of the root system to…
Organ
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
Tissue
A group of cells, consisting of one or more type of cells, th…
Biology 210 Chapter 36
Xylem
Phyllotaxy
Mycorrhizae
dead tissue that transports water and minerals from roots to…
is an architectural feature important in light capture. It is…
mutualistic associations between roots and fungi and was a cr…
Xylem
dead tissue that transports water and minerals from roots to…
Phyllotaxy
is an architectural feature important in light capture. It is…
Biology 210 Chapter 40
Anatomy
Physiology
Interstitial Fluid
Tissues
Biological Form
Biological function
the spaces between cells are filled with this fluid
groups of cells with similar appearance and a common function
Anatomy
Biological Form
Physiology
Biological function
Biology 210 Chapter 41
Nutrition
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
food being taken in, taken apart and taken up
Animals that dine on plants and algae
Animals that mostly eat meat
animals that consume plants or algae
Nutrition
food being taken in, taken apart and taken up
Herbivores
Animals that dine on plants and algae
Biology 210 Chapter 37
Humus
Topsoil
Soil Horizons
loams
the remains of dead organisms and other organic matter formin…
The layer of soil consisting of dead organisms and organic ma…
the topsoil and other soil layers
the topsoil that are most fertile and that support the most a…
Humus
the remains of dead organisms and other organic matter formin…
Topsoil
The layer of soil consisting of dead organisms and organic ma…
Biology 210 Chapter 39
Etiolation
Second Messengers
Hormone
Tropism
the morphological adaptations for growing in darkness
small molecules and ions in the cell that amplify the signal…
A signaling molecule that is produced in tiny amounts by one…
any growth that results in plant organs curving towards or aw…
Etiolation
the morphological adaptations for growing in darkness
Second Messengers
small molecules and ions in the cell that amplify the signal…
78 terms
Biology 210-Genetics Test 2
primary protein structure
secondary protein structure
tertiary protein structure
quaternary protein structure
sequence of amino acids in proteins... polar=hydrophilic... nonpo…
alpha helices and beta plated sheets
3-D shape, form follows function
only found in some proteins... multiple subunits to form functio…
primary protein structure
sequence of amino acids in proteins... polar=hydrophilic... nonpo…
secondary protein structure
alpha helices and beta plated sheets
139 terms
Biology 210 Terms
Biology
Scientific method
Technology
Variable
The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized…
A method of procedure that consists in systematic observation…
The application of scientific knowledge for practical purpose…
An element, feature, or factor that is liable to vary or chan…
Biology
The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized…
Scientific method
A method of procedure that consists in systematic observation…
272 terms
Bio 210-Lecture- Exam #1
Anatomy
Gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Physiology
Study of body parts
Study of large structures
Study of tissues and cells.
Study of body functions, how it works. Can be studied on any…
Anatomy
Study of body parts
Gross anatomy
Study of large structures
52 terms
Biology 210 Exam One
What are the molecular prerequisites f…
Under what conditions is life hypothes…
What is the early history of this plan…
What is natural selection?
-Abiotic Synthesis of small organic molecules... -joining of sma…
molecular, biological, geological
Origin of solar system and Earth... Prokaryotes... Atmospheric oxyg…
Mechanism that consistent causes adaptive evolution. ... Directi…
What are the molecular prerequisites f…
-Abiotic Synthesis of small organic molecules... -joining of sma…
Under what conditions is life hypothes…
molecular, biological, geological
Biology 210 Exam 1. Ch. 1-4.
Genomes
Genes
Genetics
Genomics
All of the chromosomes and DNA sequences that an organism or…
-Code for one or more DNA.... -Piece of information that is a co…
-The study of heredity; the branch of biology that deals with…
-The molecular analysis of the entire genome of a species. ... -…
Genomes
All of the chromosomes and DNA sequences that an organism or…
Genes
-Code for one or more DNA.... -Piece of information that is a co…
48 terms
Biology 210 1
evolution
mutation
species
population
mutations to DNA that increase fitness and allow for a popula…
Mutation: any permanent change in an organisms DNA
any group of organisms able to interbreed with each other
a group of individuals of one species or another
evolution
mutations to DNA that increase fitness and allow for a popula…
mutation
Mutation: any permanent change in an organisms DNA
104 terms
Biology 210 Exam 1
If the number of protons are the same…
Electrons exist only at fixed levels o…
An ionic bond is one in which?
If an atom has more electrons than pro…
different isotopes of the same element
an electron may move to an electron shell closer to the nucleus
electrons are removed from one atom and transferred to anothe…
an anion
If the number of protons are the same…
different isotopes of the same element
Electrons exist only at fixed levels o…
an electron may move to an electron shell closer to the nucleus
24 terms
Biology 210 (Animal Reproduction).
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Budding
Regeneration
Single animal produce offspring.
Sperm and Egg from different parents.
A miniature version of the adult grows directly on the body o…
The ability got regrow lost body parts.
Asexual Reproduction
Single animal produce offspring.
Sexual Reproduction
Sperm and Egg from different parents.
156 terms
BIO210: Evolutionary biology
How does HIV spread?
What is HIV?
Will human populations evolve to be re…
Where did HIV come from?
Sexually
A virus
For a population to evolve, it must harbor genetic difference…
HIV-1 was transmitted to humans from chimpanzees. HIV-2 came…
How does HIV spread?
Sexually
What is HIV?
A virus
23 terms
Questions for Biology 210 Test #1
What are the four most common elements…
The chemical properties of an atom dep…
Energy enters the ecosystem as ____ an…
Who is the person responsible for the…
Hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, & oxygen
The number of electrons in the outer valence shell in the atom.
Light energy (heat), Chemical energy (decomposition, nutrient…
Robert Hooke.
What are the four most common elements…
Hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, & oxygen
The chemical properties of an atom dep…
The number of electrons in the outer valence shell in the atom.
112 terms
Biology 210 Lab Midterm!
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Epidermal and dermal regions; cutaneous sense organs and glan…
Bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments, and joints.
Muscles attached to the skeleton.
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors.
Integumentary
Epidermal and dermal regions; cutaneous sense organs and glan…
Skeletal
Bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments, and joints.
15 terms
Biology Prefixes 196-210
platy
pnea
pneumo
poly
flat
breathing
lung
many
platy
flat
pnea
breathing
210 Third Week Lecture 2
appositional growth
periosteum
perforating fibers
endosteum
The increasing of diameter of a bone. Osteogenic cells inthe…
1. isolates bone from surrounding tissue ... 2. Provides routes…
collagen fibers from tendons, ligaments, and joint capsules t…
An incomplete cellular layer that lines the medullary cavity.…
appositional growth
The increasing of diameter of a bone. Osteogenic cells inthe…
periosteum
1. isolates bone from surrounding tissue ... 2. Provides routes…
74 terms
Biology 210 Chapter 35 Terms
Organ
Tissue
Root System
Shoot System
...
...
...
...
Organ
...
Tissue
...
BISC 210 Lecture Final
Dura mater
Encephalitis
HIB
Tetanus
superficial meniges layer
inflammation of brain
has a chocolate agar
rash, muscle spasm @ intro site
Dura mater
superficial meniges layer
Encephalitis
inflammation of brain
Biology 210 Exam 1
Energy
Cells
Information
Replication
needed to stay alive and reproduce
membrane regulates the passage of materials (exterior and int…
used by the body to create molecules to keep you alive
the main goal of an organism is to replicate itself
Energy
needed to stay alive and reproduce
Cells
membrane regulates the passage of materials (exterior and int…
CSD 210 Lecture 1
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
4 main function of CNS
Subdivisions of CNS (Brain)
Condensed network and regulates bodily function... Composed of b…
System that connects the CNS to the rest of the body
-Receives all environmental & bodily generated info (sensory)…
Cerebellum, Brainstem, & Cerebrum
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Condensed network and regulates bodily function... Composed of b…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
System that connects the CNS to the rest of the body
101 terms
Biology 210-Genetics Test 1
DNA
How many chromosomes are in the human…
What is the Central Dogma of Biology?
Genetics
Deoxyribose nucleic acid... molecule of life... THE genetic material
Chromosomes=46... Pairs=23
DNA --> transcription -->RNA -->translation -->protein
study of heredity and variation centered on genes
DNA
Deoxyribose nucleic acid... molecule of life... THE genetic material
How many chromosomes are in the human…
Chromosomes=46... Pairs=23
210 Second Week Lecture 2
Glands
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine glands
Merocrine secretion
Epithelial cells that produce secretions
Secrete into the interstitial fluid which leads to the blood
Secrete into ducts that lead to the epithelial surface
product is released from secretory vesicles by exocytosis
Glands
Epithelial cells that produce secretions
Endocrine Glands
Secrete into the interstitial fluid which leads to the blood
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