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Study sets matching "bio 228"

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Study sets matching "bio 228"

84 terms
Biology 228 - Exam 2
What is a biogeochemical cycle?
Pool
Fluxes
What ranking is carbon in most abundan…
Movement of elements [carbon,nitrogen.phosphorous, sulfur] in…
Element resevoir
rates of movements, movements affect ecosystem function
4th
What is a biogeochemical cycle?
Movement of elements [carbon,nitrogen.phosphorous, sulfur] in…
Pool
Element resevoir
59 terms
Biology 228 - Lab Final
Trophic Levels
Periodicity
Species identification... Geological form…
Community Classification
Food chain. Describes source of energy and relationships to o…
Timing, see the weather of different seasons
...
Communities are classified by dominant vegetation... Inwood: Oak…
Trophic Levels
Food chain. Describes source of energy and relationships to o…
Periodicity
Timing, see the weather of different seasons
79 terms
Biology 228 - Final
How long ago was Cambrian period?... What…
How long ago was Pleistocene?... What was…
What data is used to reconstruct the h…
How can you tell if a period was reall…
500 million years ago... 22C
50,000 years ago... -6C
Dendrochronology (Tree Ring Analysis) [oldest 11850 BP]... Paleo…
If the trees had wide diameter conducting cells.... Align wood s…
How long ago was Cambrian period?... What…
500 million years ago... 22C
How long ago was Pleistocene?... What was…
50,000 years ago... -6C
54 terms
Biology 228 - Lab Exam 1
****Carbon Footprint
****Ways to reduce footprint
Geographic Information System (GIS)
Inputs and Outputs of GIS system
Amount of CO2 released from direct or indirect human activity…
1) Riding a bike... 2) Reduce electricity... 3) Less garbage
A system used to model a species niche and predict potential…
Output: niche and where they can go... Input: Location, localities
****Carbon Footprint
Amount of CO2 released from direct or indirect human activity…
****Ways to reduce footprint
1) Riding a bike... 2) Reduce electricity... 3) Less garbage
92 terms
Biology 228 exam 1
Ecology
How to name organisms
Sub-fields of ecology
2 most important factors that effect s…
the study of the relations between species and their environm…
Genus> specific epithet>the author>the year... the year and the…
Auteology... Population ecology... Community ecology... Landscape ecol…
temperature and humidity
Ecology
the study of the relations between species and their environm…
How to name organisms
Genus> specific epithet>the author>the year... the year and the…
24 terms
Biology 228 Lab
What are ice ages?
What are glacial periods?
What are interglacial periods?
What are kettles?
long periods of time (often millions of years) where mean glo…
periods in an ice age where mean global temperature is low en…
periods in an ice age where higher temperatures cause ice she…
abundant temporary and permanent ponds many of which were cre…
What are ice ages?
long periods of time (often millions of years) where mean glo…
What are glacial periods?
periods in an ice age where mean global temperature is low en…
14 terms
Biology 228 Lab Exam
Coccus
Bacillus
Spirochete
Cyanobacteria
0.5-1.0 micrometers, non-motile, circular shape
0.5x2 micrometers to 5x10 micrometers, rod shaped, many are m…
single, spiral, motile
oxygenic phototrophs, chlorophyll as primary photosynthetic,…
Coccus
0.5-1.0 micrometers, non-motile, circular shape
Bacillus
0.5x2 micrometers to 5x10 micrometers, rod shaped, many are m…
105 terms
Biology Final Exam 228
Genetic variation
natural selection
prokaryotes
protist
Passed from parents to offspring... - Much variation due to rand…
Individuals with heritable traits that are better... suited to t…
Single‐celled... • No membrane bound organelles (DNA is not encl…
They're part of the microbial food chain and make up a signif…
Genetic variation
Passed from parents to offspring... - Much variation due to rand…
natural selection
Individuals with heritable traits that are better... suited to t…
57 terms
Biology 228 IV Test; Metabolism
= a general term embracing all the myr…
= the biosynthetic building-up phase
= the degradative breaking down phase
Characteristics of Enzymes
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
• speeds up rates of reactions (catalyst), usually in only on…
= a general term embracing all the myr…
Metabolism
= the biosynthetic building-up phase
Anabolism
71 terms
Biology 228 Test IV; practice review questions
Where does glycolysis occur?
Where does the Kreb's cycle occur?
What is the NET production of ATP in a…
How many ATP's are produced outright/d…
cytoplasm
matrix of the mitochondrion
4
2
Where does glycolysis occur?
cytoplasm
Where does the Kreb's cycle occur?
matrix of the mitochondrion
28 terms
Locomotion(pg 227-228) index cards - Biology
Ball and socket joints
Biceps
bones
cardiac muscle
located at the hip and shoulder ; permit circular movement
forearm to make arm bend
type of connective tissue
causes heart to beat
Ball and socket joints
located at the hip and shoulder ; permit circular movement
Biceps
forearm to make arm bend
90 terms
Biology 228 Test 1 NIC sp2015
Physiology of Vision
Basics of vision
Photoreception
Light and Dark Adaptation
Basics: Visible Light - 400-700 nm part of the electromagneti…
Visible light: the 400-700 nm part of the electromagnetic spe…
Functional Anatomy: modified neurons built like inverted colu…
Light - photoreceptor bleaching: even a tiny amount of light…
Physiology of Vision
Basics: Visible Light - 400-700 nm part of the electromagneti…
Basics of vision
Visible light: the 400-700 nm part of the electromagnetic spe…
24 terms
Blood Pressure Review Questions for Exam #1: Biology 228 Lecture
the force exerted on the wall of a blo…
blood flow
blood pressure
resistance
what exactly is measured when one measures "blood pressure"?
what is the term used to describe the volume of blood flowing…
what is a term used to describe the force per unit area exert…
what is the term used to describe the opposition to blood flo…
the force exerted on the wall of a blo…
what exactly is measured when one measures "blood pressure"?
blood flow
what is the term used to describe the volume of blood flowing…
19 terms
Biology 228 Lab Week 6 (quiz for week 7)
Cellular Respiration
Respiratory System
Respiration has how many phases?
Respiration - 4 Phases-- what are they?
Body cells require a constant supply of oxygen... As cells use o…
Major role is to supply the body with oxygen and dispose of c…
4
Pulmonary ventilation, external respiration, transport of res…
Cellular Respiration
Body cells require a constant supply of oxygen... As cells use o…
Respiratory System
Major role is to supply the body with oxygen and dispose of c…
56 terms
BHSD228 2015 Honors Biology S2 Final Review
Surface area of a cell
Volume of a cell
You can see chromosomes during the G1…
You can see chromosomes when they are…
l x w x 6
L x w x h
False
False
Surface area of a cell
l x w x 6
Volume of a cell
L x w x h
75 terms
BIOL228 - Fish 2016
Myxiniformes
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Chondrichthyes
Elasmobranchii
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
Sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras (class)... - superclass Gnath…
Sharks, rays, skates
Myxiniformes
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
5 terms
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Midterm Lec 3
Marine System
Freshwater systems
Phosphate
Ferrous Iron
N, P, Fe, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
N, P, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
For energy transfer (ATP), nucleic acid synthesis and cell me…
Used to fix nitrogen (N2) and other functions in bacteria and…
Marine System
N, P, Fe, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
Freshwater systems
N, P, and Si are potential limiting nutrients
25 terms
BIOL228: Insect Orders
Collembola
Protura
Ephemeroptera
Coleoptera
Springtails... • Sucker-like ventral tube and forked jumping org…
Proturans... -Class Entognatha... • Small Hexapoda, without antenna…
Mayflies... • Three caudal filaments in adults... • Triangular fore…
Beetles & Weevils... • Fore wings modified as rigid elytra cover…
Collembola
Springtails... • Sucker-like ventral tube and forked jumping org…
Protura
Proturans... -Class Entognatha... • Small Hexapoda, without antenna…
BIOL228 - Fish 2016
Myxiniformes
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Anadromous
Chondrichthyes
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
Move between fresh and salt water
Sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras (class)... - superclass Gnath…
Myxiniformes
Hagfishes... -Superclass Agnatha, Subphylum Vertebrata... - single…
Cephalasidomorphi (Petromyzontiformes)
Lampreys... - superclass Agnatha, subphylum vertebrata... -single g…
42 terms
BIO 228 Joints and Knee
synarthroses
amphiarthroses
diarthroses
fibrous joint
immovable joints
slightly movable joints
freely movable joints
adjoining bone connected by dense regular connective tissue;…
synarthroses
immovable joints
amphiarthroses
slightly movable joints
86 terms
BIO 228 Cat Muscles and Brain
masseter
sternomastoid
digastric
mylohyoid
masseter
sternomastoid
BIOL228 Mammals
What three subclasses are within the M…
Only two species of monotremes?
What is an egg tooth and which subclas…
Key features of Monotremes
Eutheria (placental)... Metatheria (marsupials)... Prototheria (mon…
Echidna... Platypus
Structure used to break open the egg once the young is mature…
Lay eggs... Highly modified beaks... No teeth as adults... Legs on the…
What three subclasses are within the M…
Eutheria (placental)... Metatheria (marsupials)... Prototheria (mon…
Only two species of monotremes?
Echidna... Platypus
63 terms
Biol228 Fish
Friction drag
Pressure drag
undulatory movement and oscillatory mo…
neoteny. the retention of larval featu…
This is the stickiness of water along side, caused by H2O mol…
This is caused by distortions of flow around the fish's body.…
Forms in which thrust is created by ...
How did fish evolve?
Friction drag
This is the stickiness of water along side, caused by H2O mol…
Pressure drag
This is caused by distortions of flow around the fish's body.…
31 terms
BIOL228: Birds
What characterises birds?
What is the bird class?
What is the subclass for modern birds?
What are the two superorders?
Large cerebrum... Beak - no teeth... unique breathing system... lightw…
Aves
Neornithes
Palaeognathae (Ratites and Tinamous) - Gondwanan... Neognathae -…
What characterises birds?
Large cerebrum... Beak - no teeth... unique breathing system... lightw…
What is the bird class?
Aves
17 terms
Univserity of Saskatchewan BIO 228 Post Midterm Lecture 4
Trophic structure
Food chain
Trophic level
Producers
determines the route that energy flows through the ecosystem
the sequence of food transfers from trophic level to trophic…
A link in the food chain.
organisms that make organic food molecules from CO2, H2O and…
Trophic structure
determines the route that energy flows through the ecosystem
Food chain
the sequence of food transfers from trophic level to trophic…
BIOL228 Reptiles
What are amniotes
What are anamniotes
In what period did Reptiles arise?
What's an anapsid skull and which orde…
Adapted to laying eggs on land or retention of eggs in the fe…
Lay eggs in water... Fish and Amphibians
Carboniferous (~300mya)
-Lacking a fenestrae... -Testustines (turtles and tortoises)
What are amniotes
Adapted to laying eggs on land or retention of eggs in the fe…
What are anamniotes
Lay eggs in water... Fish and Amphibians
33 terms
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Post midterm
Ecosystems
Ecosystem ecology
Energy flow
Chemical cycling
all the organisms in a given area, along with the nonliving (…
studies the flow of energy and chemical cycling in habitats,…
passage of energy through the components of an ecosystem
unlike energy flow, chemical cycling involves the cellular (r…
Ecosystems
all the organisms in a given area, along with the nonliving (…
Ecosystem ecology
studies the flow of energy and chemical cycling in habitats,…
92 terms
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Midterm Lec 1 and 2
Ecology
Environment
Relationships
Resources
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
- External factors that influence survival, growth... and/or rep…
- Interactions with physical aspects of... environment... - Interac…
Can be consumed thus making them less available for others (e…
Ecology
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
Environment
- External factors that influence survival, growth... and/or rep…
71 terms
BIO 228 Axial Skeleton
frontal bone
parietal bone
temporal bones
zygomatic process
frontal bone
parietal bone
128 terms
Bio 228 Lab Exam 1
anatomical position
sagittal plane
frontal plane
transverse plane
anatomical position
sagittal plane
42 terms
BIO 228 Chapter 1 (LAB)
Anatomical Position
Sagittal Plane ... (Body Planes)
Midsagittal Plane (Median)... (Body Planes)
Frontal Plane (Coronal)... (Body Planes)
human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head…
runs longitudinally & divides the body into right and left pa…
divides the body into equal parts, right down the midline o…
a longitudinal plane that divides the body (or an organ) into…
Anatomical Position
human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head…
Sagittal Plane ... (Body Planes)
runs longitudinally & divides the body into right and left pa…
39 terms
BIO 228 Human Arteries
endothelium
tunica media
capillaries
coronary arteries
1
2
endothelium
1
tunica media
2
181 terms
Bio 228 Test1 chapter 18
what is the ph of blood?
What is the temperature of blood?
What contains over 100 solutes includi…
biconcave, have no nuclei or organelle…
7.35-7.45
38 degrees celsius, slightly higher than "normal" temperature
Blood plasma
Erythrocytes
what is the ph of blood?
7.35-7.45
What is the temperature of blood?
38 degrees celsius, slightly higher than "normal" temperature
48 terms
BIOL228: Amphibians and a bit of evolution
What period did Amphibians arise?
What does the word 'Amphibian" refer to?
What are 6 main differences between wa…
Characteristics of the Devonian period…
Devonian
"double life" - ties to water or at least moist conditions to…
1. Oxygen content - more active on land... 2. Density - stronger…
Alternating drought and flooding periods. Fish that could acq…
What period did Amphibians arise?
Devonian
What does the word 'Amphibian" refer to?
"double life" - ties to water or at least moist conditions to…
55 terms
biol 228 Fish
five major extant classes of fish
What are the diagnostic features of th…
notochord
hollow nerve cord
myxiniformes, petromyzontiformes, chondricthyes, sarcopterygi…
1. embryos all have a notochord... 2. Dorsal, hollow nerve cord.…
a flexible rod located between the digestive tube and nerve c…
Develops into the brain and spinal cord of the adult.
five major extant classes of fish
myxiniformes, petromyzontiformes, chondricthyes, sarcopterygi…
What are the diagnostic features of th…
1. embryos all have a notochord... 2. Dorsal, hollow nerve cord.…
34 terms
BIO 228 Human Veins
Superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
pulmonary veins
internal jugular veins
Superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
87 terms
BIO 228 Ch. 7 & Ch. 8 (LAB)
cranium ... (skull)
Facial Bones ... (skull)
Clavicle ... (Thoracic Cage)
Scapula ... (Thoracic Cage)
"collar bone"
"shoulder blade"
cranium ... (skull)
Facial Bones ... (skull)
42 terms
BIOL228 Invertebrates
Porifera, Hexactinellida
Porifera, Calcarea
Porifera, Demospongiae
Cnidaria, Hydrozoa
Phylum and Class
Phylum and Class
Phylum and Class
Phylum and Class
Porifera, Hexactinellida
Phylum and Class
Porifera, Calcarea
Phylum and Class
40 terms
Bio 228 Spinal Cord
cervical lumbar enlargement
lumbar enlargement
conus medullaris
cauda equina
2
5
cervical lumbar enlargement
2
lumbar enlargement
5
30 terms
BIOL228 FISH Taxa
Phylum
Subphylum- Tunicates
Subphylum- Lancelets
Subphylum- fish, amphibians, reptiles,…
Chordata
Urochordata
Cephalopchordata
Vertebrata
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum- Tunicates
Urochordata
32 terms
Bio 228 Chapter 17 Eye/Vision
inferior rectus muscle
inferior oblique muscle
lateral rectus muscle
superior rectus muscle
inferior rectus muscle
inferior oblique muscle
14 terms
Bio 228 Lecture Test 5
It is necessary for the testes to be k…
The male urethra serves only the urina…
Males do not go through menopause but…
In fetal circulation, one way the the…
True
False
True
True
It is necessary for the testes to be k…
True
The male urethra serves only the urina…
False
29 terms
BIO 228 Ch. 5 Histology (LAB)
tissues
organs
histology
Epithelial Tissue (epithelium) : simpl…
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function... 4…
to perform specific body functions, the tissues are organized…
study of tissues, complements a study of gross anatomy and pr…
a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function... 4…
organs
to perform specific body functions, the tissues are organized…
92 terms
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Midterm
Ecology
Environment
Relationships
Resources
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
- External factors that influence survival, growth... and/or rep…
- Interactions with physical aspects of... environment... - Interac…
Can be consumed thus making them less available for others (e…
Ecology
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
Environment
- External factors that influence survival, growth... and/or rep…
161 terms
BIOL228: Fish
What are the 5 major extant clades of…
What is Myxiniformes?
What are Petromyzontiformes
What are Chondrichthyes?
Myxiniformes... Petromyzontiformes... Chondrichthyes... Sarcoptergii... A…
Hagfishes
Lampreys
Sharks, rays and chimaeras
What are the 5 major extant clades of…
Myxiniformes... Petromyzontiformes... Chondrichthyes... Sarcoptergii... A…
What is Myxiniformes?
Hagfishes
37 terms
Ch. 9 Appendicular Skeleton BIO 228 (LAB)
clavicle
sternal end of clavicle
acromial end of clavicle
scapula
upper limb
upper limb
upper limb
upper limb
clavicle
upper limb
sternal end of clavicle
upper limb
12 terms
Bio 228 Nose/Olfactory/Tongue/Taste
olfactory bulb
mitral cells
cribriform plate
olfactory epithelium
B
E
H
olfactory bulb
B
mitral cells
E
40 terms
Chapter 8, The Axial Skeleton BIO 228 (LAB)
Cervical curvature
Thoracic curvature
Lumbar curvature
Sacral curvature
concave; 7 vertebrae, C1-C7
convex; 12 vertebrae, T1-T12
concave; 5 vertebrae, L1-L5
convex; 5 fused vertebrae
Cervical curvature
concave; 7 vertebrae, C1-C7
Thoracic curvature
convex; 12 vertebrae, T1-T12
25 terms
BIO 228 Ch. 19 Hearing and Equilibrium
pinna
external acoustic meatus (outer)
tympanic membrane
malleus
A
G
8
1
pinna
A
external acoustic meatus (outer)
G
8 terms
University of Saskatchewan Bio 228 Post Midterm Lecture 5,6, and 7
top consumer
Detritus
75%
70%
must be mobile and search for prey over large areas to obtain…
fresh to partly decomposed plant and animal... matter
What percentage of the world's agricultural lands are devoted…
What percent of water withdrawals are for agriculture.
top consumer
must be mobile and search for prey over large areas to obtain…
Detritus
fresh to partly decomposed plant and animal... matter
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