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Study sets matching "bio 285"

88 terms
Biology 285 Final - Exam 1 Review
Covalent, Non-covalent, or both:... What…
Covalent, Non-covalent, or both:... What…
Covalent, Non-covalent, or both:... What…
Covalent, Non-covalent, or both:... What…
Covalent only
Non-covalent only
Both
Covalent only
Covalent, Non-covalent, or both:... What…
Covalent only
Covalent, Non-covalent, or both:... What…
Non-covalent only
24 terms
Biology 285 Exam 1 (Ch 4-6)
Major Roles of Proteins
What are peptide bonds?
Noncovalent forces that help proteins…
Prions
Enzymes... Structure... Transport... Motor... Storage... Signal... Receptors... Ge…
Covalent; C-N bond (carboxyl-amino)... Allows chain to bend
Hydrophobic Interactions... Hydrogen bonding... Van Der Waals Force…
Protein is misfolded and then the misfolding spreads to other…
Major Roles of Proteins
Enzymes... Structure... Transport... Motor... Storage... Signal... Receptors... Ge…
What are peptide bonds?
Covalent; C-N bond (carboxyl-amino)... Allows chain to bend
29 terms
Biology Page 285-289 (15.3)
Autotrophs (producers)
Photoautotrophs
Chemoautotrophs
Heterotrophs (consumers)
Organisms that makes its own food using an inorganic energy s…
Like green plants, algae, and cyanobacteria, are autotrophs t…
Autotrophs that obtain energy from chemical substances rather…
Organism that cannot produce its own food and must obtain ene…
Autotrophs (producers)
Organisms that makes its own food using an inorganic energy s…
Photoautotrophs
Like green plants, algae, and cyanobacteria, are autotrophs t…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10.1-10.2 (Pg. 274-285)
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction, involving a single parent that resul…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction, involving a single parent that resul…
20 terms
Amino Acids Chem 285
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Glycine
Alanine
102 terms
chem 285 test 3
acetylcholine
dopamine
norepinephrine
epinephrine
synthesized: acetyl-CoA and choline... CNS... Excitatory-regulates…
synthesized: tyrosine ... CNS... excitatory AND inhibitory- regulat…
synthesized: tyrosine... CNS ... excitatory AND inhibitory- sleep a…
synthesized: tyrosine... ADRENAL GLANDS... excitatory- plays a role…
acetylcholine
synthesized: acetyl-CoA and choline... CNS... Excitatory-regulates…
dopamine
synthesized: tyrosine ... CNS... excitatory AND inhibitory- regulat…
46 terms
Chem 285 TEST 4
Oxidoreductases
Transferase
Lyases
Isomerases
catalyze redox reactions
catalyze the transfer of a functional group between two compo…
catalyze addition and elimination reactions
catalyze the rearrangement of atoms within a molecule to form…
Oxidoreductases
catalyze redox reactions
Transferase
catalyze the transfer of a functional group between two compo…
59 terms
Chem 285 exam 2
D-glucose haworth
d-galactose haworth
d-ribose haworth
d-fructose haworth
D-glucose haworth
d-galactose haworth
79 terms
Bio 285 Quiz 2
Herceptin is used to treat
GPRCs are involved in what physiologic…
What is Cholera's affect on the GCRP m…
What is Pertussis affect on the GCRP m…
Her2 positive metastatic breast cancer (in conjunction with r…
Important in brain ⇒ bind neurotransmitters ... ○ Important in e…
binds to alpha and doesn't allow it to hydrolyze GTP causing…
keeps alpha in GDP bound causing influx of water into lungs r…
Herceptin is used to treat
Her2 positive metastatic breast cancer (in conjunction with r…
GPRCs are involved in what physiologic…
Important in brain ⇒ bind neurotransmitters ... ○ Important in e…
59 terms
CHEM 285 exam 4 death
oxidases
dehydrogenases
Transaminases
Kinases
catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions involving oxygen... enzym…
catalyze the removal of pairs of hydrogen atoms from substrat…
catalyze the transfer of amino group from one compound to ano…
catalyze the transfer of a phosphate group, generally ATP, to…
oxidases
catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions involving oxygen... enzym…
dehydrogenases
catalyze the removal of pairs of hydrogen atoms from substrat…
75 terms
BIO 285: Final Exam
Which of the following statements is T…
Protein structures have several differ…
Which of the following statements is T…
Proteins bind selectively to small mol…
(c) Nonpolar amino acids tend to be found in the interior of…
(d) a protein segment that folds independently
(c) Disulfide bonds stabilize but do not change a protein's f…
(b) inside a cavity on the protein surface
Which of the following statements is T…
(c) Nonpolar amino acids tend to be found in the interior of…
Protein structures have several differ…
(d) a protein segment that folds independently
59 terms
Lab Practical 3
cervical enlargement
cuada equina
cervical plexus
brachial plexus
cervical enlargement
cuada equina
83 terms
Bio 285 final
Rank the following types of cell signa…
Circle the phrase in each pair that is…
Which of the following statements is f…
All members of the steroid hormone rec…
3... 1... 2... 4
A. Changes in cell secretion... B. Changes in protein phosphoryl…
d) is not true. NO can diffuse across the plasma membrane and…
(d). All members of the steroid hormone receptor family are i…
Rank the following types of cell signa…
3... 1... 2... 4
Circle the phrase in each pair that is…
A. Changes in cell secretion... B. Changes in protein phosphoryl…
26 terms
285 Exam 1
Amino acids can be grouped by the chem…
Amino acids can be grouped by the chem…
Amino acids can be grouped by the chem…
Amino acids can be grouped by the chem…
=c : Polar uncharged
b. polar charged
d. cystein
a. non polar
Amino acids can be grouped by the chem…
=c : Polar uncharged
Amino acids can be grouped by the chem…
b. polar charged
54 terms
Cell Bio 285 Exam 2
What type of inhibition does Gleevec h…
Which mutation do you think would lead…
A signal has been transduced and now t…
What are the advantages and disadvanta…
Gleevec semi-competitively inhibits Bcr-Abl. This means it pr…
1. LOF mutation of Ras-GEF... 2. GOF mutation of Ras-GAP
1. Degrade the signal... 2. Endocytosis of the receptor: "Recept…
Advantages of single step pathways - Faster, Simple, Smaller…
What type of inhibition does Gleevec h…
Gleevec semi-competitively inhibits Bcr-Abl. This means it pr…
Which mutation do you think would lead…
1. LOF mutation of Ras-GEF... 2. GOF mutation of Ras-GAP
66 terms
Practical 1
Frontal Plane
Sagittal Plane
midsagittal Plane
Transverse Plane
divides the body into front and back portions
passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it…
divides the body into equal halves
divides the body into upper and lower portions
Frontal Plane
divides the body into front and back portions
Sagittal Plane
passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it…
30 terms
285 Exam 2
You are investigating the effect of va…
You are investigating the effect of va…
You are investigating the effect of va…
You are investigating the effect of va…
YES
YES
NO
NO
You are investigating the effect of va…
YES
You are investigating the effect of va…
YES
28 terms
285 Exam 3
Your graduate student advisor has a po…
Your graduate student advisor has a po…
Your graduate student advisor has a po…
Your graduate student advisor has a po…
b. no, her ideas are totally bogus
a. yes she's super smart
a. yes she's super smart
a. yes she's super smart
Your graduate student advisor has a po…
b. no, her ideas are totally bogus
Your graduate student advisor has a po…
a. yes she's super smart
35 terms
Intro to the Human Body
head
skull
eye
ear
cephalic
cranial
orbital
otic
head
cephalic
skull
cranial
84 terms
Bio 285- Exam 3- Old Notes
centrosomes duplicate during ___ and ___
centrosomes duplicate to create ____ d…
DNA is ___ and ___ throughout this pro…
MTs __ and ___ from these poles
s phase and G2
to create the spindle poles during M phase
DNA is COMPACTED and COILED until the hey line up at the META…
grow and shrink
centrosomes duplicate during ___ and ___
s phase and G2
centrosomes duplicate to create ____ d…
to create the spindle poles during M phase
69 terms
Quiz 4 Review
Stratum corneum
pass from stratum spinosum to stratum…
jaundice
vellus
cells of the ___________ are keratinized and dead
the epidermal water barrier is formed at the point where epid…
what skin conditions or appearances would most likely result…
the hair on a 6 year olds arms is
Stratum corneum
cells of the ___________ are keratinized and dead
pass from stratum spinosum to stratum…
the epidermal water barrier is formed at the point where epid…
16 terms
Articulations/Joints
Flexion
Lateral fexion
Extension
Hyperextension
decreasing angle b/w two bones. (elbow/wrist up, knee back) f…
head neck and trunk, bending from side to side
increasing angle b/w two bones, (elbow/wrist back, knee down…
abnormal condition in moving a joint beyond
Flexion
decreasing angle b/w two bones. (elbow/wrist up, knee back) f…
Lateral fexion
head neck and trunk, bending from side to side
133 terms
Chapter 12 Nervous Tissue
Sensory, interneurons and motor
Sensory Neuron
Interneurons
Motor Neuron
What are the 3 functional types of neurons?
what neuron detects changes in the body?
What neuron receives, retrieves, process and stores signals?
What neuron sends signals out to muscles and gland cells?
Sensory, interneurons and motor
What are the 3 functional types of neurons?
Sensory Neuron
what neuron detects changes in the body?
46 terms
Special Sense Organs
Gustation
Papillae
CN VII
CN IX
responding to taste stimuli
taste buds
facial, Anterior 2/3 taste on tingue
Glossopharyngeal, swallowing, posterior 1/3 of taste
Gustation
responding to taste stimuli
Papillae
taste buds
39 terms
CNS
Bone
Connective tissue
Meninges
Dura mater
completely encloses CNS in hard tissue for major protection
meninges and fluid around CNS that add extra proctection
membranes that wrap around outside of brain/spinal cord
outer tough layer of meninges that is the most ressilent
Bone
completely encloses CNS in hard tissue for major protection
Connective tissue
meninges and fluid around CNS that add extra proctection
23 terms
Digestive: Membrane coverings - Pancreas
Peritoneum
Parietal
Visceral
Mesocolon
abdominal covering. No friction
lines abdominal inner wall of cavity
directly on organ surface (doesn't wrap around pancreas, kidn…
sheet that attaches colon to posterior abdom. wall
Peritoneum
abdominal covering. No friction
Parietal
lines abdominal inner wall of cavity
25 terms
Nervous System
CNS (central nervous system)
PNS (peripheral nervous system)
Neuron
Cell body
brain and spinal cord (MS)
cranial nerves/spinal nerves (GBS)
functional cells that create and send nerve impulses
main cell area that creates cell impulse, integration center…
CNS (central nervous system)
brain and spinal cord (MS)
PNS (peripheral nervous system)
cranial nerves/spinal nerves (GBS)
28 terms
Directional, Planes, and Body Cavity Terms
superior
inferior
anterior
posterior
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Lower on the body, farther from the head
Located towards the front of the body
Toward the back of the body
superior
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
inferior
Lower on the body, farther from the head
39 terms
Digestion: Stomach - Colon
Stomach
Fundus
Body
Pylorus
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
top dome of stomach. superior to LES. normally no food
main stomach section where food is processed
distal end of stomach (attaches to beginning of duodenum(sphi…
Stomach
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
Fundus
top dome of stomach. superior to LES. normally no food
28 terms
PNS
CN I
Cranial nerves
CN II
CN III
olfactory, smelling nerve
12 pairs (24 total)
- optic, vision
- oculomotor, most eye movement
CN I
olfactory, smelling nerve
Cranial nerves
12 pairs (24 total)
25 terms
Inegumentary System
skin
epidermis
stratified squamous epithelium
stratum corneum
epidermis/dermis
most superficial part of Ineg. system
layered flat cells connected to a basement membrane and witho…
most superficial layer of epi. composed of deads cells, conta…
skin
epidermis/dermis
epidermis
most superficial part of Ineg. system
27 terms
Tissues
epithelial
connective
muscular
nervous
(Glands)Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines orga…
Loosely packed compared to epi. Tissue that provides support…
Skeletal/organ. Elongated cells that are specialized to contr…
A system of sensitive cells that respond to stimuli such as s…
epithelial
(Glands)Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines orga…
connective
Loosely packed compared to epi. Tissue that provides support…
41 terms
Blood
Plasma
Formed elements
Erythrocytes (RBC)
Leukocytes (WBC)
majority of blood content, clear fluid contains Albumin/Globu…
things/cells floatinf in blood fluid (red, less than plasma)…
most numerous, biconcave disc (no nuclei, mito.,ribo.), can't…
least numerous, various/nuclei flexible cell (neutro, eosino,…
Plasma
majority of blood content, clear fluid contains Albumin/Globu…
Formed elements
things/cells floatinf in blood fluid (red, less than plasma)…
53 terms
Appendicular Skeleton
scapula
scapula spine
acromion
glenoid cavity
shoulder blade, (spine, acromion, glenoid cavity)
is the sharp ridge that runs diagonally along the dorsal aspe…
an extension of the scapula that forms the high point of the…
socket in scapular that receives head of humerus
scapula
shoulder blade, (spine, acromion, glenoid cavity)
scapula spine
is the sharp ridge that runs diagonally along the dorsal aspe…
58 terms
Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Temporal bone
The portion of the skeleton that supports and protects the he…
the large cranial bone forming the front part of the cranium:…
either of two skull bones between the frontal and occipital b…
bone that forms parts of the side of the skull and floor of t…
Axial Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that supports and protects the he…
Frontal bone
the large cranial bone forming the front part of the cranium:…
32 terms
Digestion: mouth-esophagus
GI tract (gastrointestinal tract)
Oral cavity
Esophagus
Stomach
Alimentary, food tubing
first in GI tract. contains lips, palate, tongue, salivary gl…
posterior tube of mediastium off of laryngopharynx. from adam…
hollow organ where 3 layers (Oblique) churn and secrete bolus…
GI tract (gastrointestinal tract)
Alimentary, food tubing
Oral cavity
first in GI tract. contains lips, palate, tongue, salivary gl…
60 terms
Muscles
Orbicularis Oris
Orbicularis Oculi
Buccinator
Temporalis
circling mouth, kisser muscle, CN VII (facial)
circling eye, squinter muscle, CN VII (facial)
deep cheek, corner of mouth to ramus, smiler muscle, CN VII (…
deep scalp temporal, mandible up/chewing, CN V (Trigeminal)
Orbicularis Oris
circling mouth, kisser muscle, CN VII (facial)
Orbicularis Oculi
circling eye, squinter muscle, CN VII (facial)
23 terms
Lower respiratory
Trachea
Tracheal rings
Bronchial trees (bronchus)
Primary bronchi
first pipe in lower R. composed of cartilage rings
Half-mooned shaped hyaline cartilage bands around trachea
structure of the lung's piping system (1o/2o/3o bronchi, bron…
right/left main tubes that deliver air from trachea to either…
Trachea
first pipe in lower R. composed of cartilage rings
Tracheal rings
Half-mooned shaped hyaline cartilage bands around trachea
53 terms
Endocrine System
Hormones
Steroid hormones
Nonsteriod
Pituitary gland
Secreted into blood stream and have a prolonged response. Fun…
lipid soluble with a cholesterol backbone (test./estro) get f…
water soluble with a protein-like backbone (epi.) get from di…
master hormone gland (controlled by hypothalamus releasing ho…
Hormones
Secreted into blood stream and have a prolonged response. Fun…
Steroid hormones
lipid soluble with a cholesterol backbone (test./estro) get f…
53 terms
bio 285 exam 2
replication (copied by Dna polymerase)…
Dna is read in the
The most beautiful experiment in biology
NTP
5-3 direction
3-5 direction
put DNA in centrifuge, there was a heavy and light band and t…
...
replication (copied by Dna polymerase)…
5-3 direction
Dna is read in the
3-5 direction
28 terms
Male Reproductive
Gametes
Gonads
Scrotum
Dartos muscle
...
...
...
...
Gametes
...
Gonads
...
118 terms
BIO130 CHP14 VOCAB PAGES
nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
nervous system functions
284
284, 299
284, 299
284
nervous system
284
central nervous system (CNS)
284, 299
9 terms
Ch 3
The second law of thermodynamics state…
The energy used by the cell to generat…
At first glance, it may seem that livi…
The potential energy stored in high-en…
b. entropy
chemical bonds
heat
water, hydrolysis
The second law of thermodynamics state…
b. entropy
The energy used by the cell to generat…
chemical bonds
8 terms
Ch 4
To study how proteins fold, scientists…
Although all protein structures are un…
Protein structures have several differ…
The figure below shows a fatty acid bi…
b. solvents break all noncovalent interactions
d. hydrogen bonds along protein backbone
d. a protein segment that folds independently
The prediction is that nonpolar side chains are on the inside…
To study how proteins fold, scientists…
b. solvents break all noncovalent interactions
Although all protein structures are un…
d. hydrogen bonds along protein backbone
32 terms
Urinary system
Kidney
Renal capsule
Adipose capsule
Renal fascia
...
...
...
...
Kidney
...
Renal capsule
...
45 terms
Chapter 7 bone tissue
osteology
support, protection, movement, electro…
osseous tissue
flat bones
study of the bone
functions of the skeleton
connective tissue in which the matrix is hardened by the depo…
most of the cranial bones are in the form of thin curved plat…
osteology
study of the bone
support, protection, movement, electro…
functions of the skeleton
35 terms
Chapter 6
skin and accessory organs; hair, nails…
vulnerable
dermatology
largest and heaviest
what does the integumentary system contain?
Skin is the most ____________ organ
Scientific study and medical treatment than any other organ s…
skin is the body's _____________ and ___________ organ
skin and accessory organs; hair, nails…
what does the integumentary system contain?
vulnerable
Skin is the most ____________ organ
300 terms
A&P 1 Chapters 1-6 exam 1
hypothesis
palpation
dissection
homeostasis
An informed, uncertain, but testable idea
Studying anatomy by touch
Cutting tissues open and separating their components
the tendency of the body to maintain stable internal conditions
hypothesis
An informed, uncertain, but testable idea
palpation
Studying anatomy by touch
13 terms
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
Alkene
Alcohol
Aldehyde
44 terms
muscle review
Rhomboideus major
levator scapulae
Trapezius
Rhomboideus minor
Rhomboideus major
levator scapulae
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