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Study sets matching "bio ap biology 2 cells"

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Study sets matching "bio ap biology 2 cells"

41 terms
Cell Biology - AP Bio
What is the most fundamental differenc…
What does Domain mean?
What is endosymbiosis?
What is nuclear DNA?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Notion that one bacteria engulfed another bacteria; leads to…
Nucleic acid in nucleus of eukaryotic cells; double helix form
What is the most fundamental differenc…
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
What does Domain mean?
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
43 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
chromosomes
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape o…
carry genetic information
nucleus
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
nuclear envelope
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
35 terms
Ap Bio cell biology
Cytology
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
study of the cell
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
a cell that lacks a true nucleus genetic material is held in…
a cell that has a true membrane-bound nucleus animal cells pl…
Cytology
study of the cell
Organelle
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
31 terms
AP Bio-Biology of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
Organelles
Cytosol
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
prokaryotic: cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and mem…
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
Organelles
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
75 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: Cell Biology
cytoplasm
cytosol
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
the interior of a cell
a semifluid substance inside all cells in which organelles ar…
DNA is found in the nucleus, larger than prokaryotic... endoplas…
DNA is concentrated in the nucleoid... Bacteria, and Archaea... No…
cytoplasm
the interior of a cell
cytosol
a semifluid substance inside all cells in which organelles ar…
47 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: Cell Biology
to optimize surface area to volume rat…
plasma membrane
cytosol
cytoplasm
why are cells small?
selective barrier that allows passage of nutrients (SA)
semifluid, jellylike substance in all cells
interior of any cell/ internal space that cytosol takes up
to optimize surface area to volume rat…
why are cells small?
plasma membrane
selective barrier that allows passage of nutrients (SA)
27 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
cytology
compartmentalization
nucleus
ribosomes
the scientific study of cells
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
largest organelle in the cell
protein factories
cytology
the scientific study of cells
compartmentalization
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
80 terms
Cell Biology-AP Bio
Major Elements of Life
Organic Compounds
Cell division
Information storage and transferral
P.S. CHON
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
Nucleus, chromatin, microtubules, microfilaments
Chromatin, nucleus
Major Elements of Life
P.S. CHON
Organic Compounds
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
30 terms
AP Bio- Cell Biology
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells or cell fragments
Cells are alike in structure and function
Cells need information to survive
News cells always come from pre-existing cells
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells or cell fragments
Cell theory
Cells are alike in structure and function
19 terms
AP Biology Cell Bio
What are the two basic type of cells?
What are some of the characteristic of…
Eubacteria are the _________ bacteria
What are some characteristic of Archae…
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
-Small, simple cells... -No internal membrane bound organelles... -…
true
-Live in extreme environments: high salt, high temps... -Differe…
What are the two basic type of cells?
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
What are some of the characteristic of…
-Small, simple cells... -No internal membrane bound organelles... -…
61 terms
AP BIO Cell Biology
How can phospholipids differ?
Most common phospholipid
How much of membrane is cholesterol?
What causes membrane fluidity to decli…
# of Carbon atoms, unsaturation (# of double bonds), and kind…
16-18 carbon atoms, 0-2 double bonds
Up to 25%
Cold temperatures
How can phospholipids differ?
# of Carbon atoms, unsaturation (# of double bonds), and kind…
Most common phospholipid
16-18 carbon atoms, 0-2 double bonds
42 terms
AP Bio Biology of the Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Organelles
Cytosol
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Light Microscope
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
Electron Microscope
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
80 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: The Cell
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
AP Bio: Cell Biology Unit
steroids are defined by
organic chemistry
functional groups
names of the seven functional groups
4 fused rings
the branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
chemical groups that are involved directly in chemical reacti…
hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, sulfhydryl, phosphate an…
steroids are defined by
4 fused rings
organic chemistry
the branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
28 terms
AP Bio Review - Cell Biology
Nucleus
Vacuoles
Vesicles
Lysosomes
∙Stores DNA and RNA, coordinates cellular activities... ∙Prokary…
∙Stores and breaks down waste, aids in digestion... ∙Animal cell…
∙Stores, transports and digests cellular products and waste
∙Aids in digestion, waste removal and keeping the cell health…
Nucleus
∙Stores DNA and RNA, coordinates cellular activities... ∙Prokary…
Vacuoles
∙Stores and breaks down waste, aids in digestion... ∙Animal cell…
37 terms
AP Bio unit 2 CELLS
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Fluid mosaic model
Vesicle
Cells that do NOT contain a nucleus or other membrane bound o…
Cells that contain a nucleus and other membrane bound organel…
model that describesthe plasma membrane as a mosaic (mixture)…
Membrane surrounded container used to ship or store materials…
Prokaryote
Cells that do NOT contain a nucleus or other membrane bound o…
Eukaryote
Cells that contain a nucleus and other membrane bound organel…
160 terms
Cell Biology test AP Bio
A biologist is studying kidney tubules…
All of the following are part of a pro…
The volume enclosed by the plasma memb…
A mycoplasma is an organism with a dia…
b
c
e
c
A biologist is studying kidney tubules…
b
All of the following are part of a pro…
c
8 terms
Ap Bio Final: Cell Biology
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Nucleus
Make proteins (cover the rough ER and in the cytosol)
-has bound ribosomes make proteins) which secrete glycoprotei…
lacks ribosomes and makes lipids/carbohydrates
contains most of the cells genes and is usually the most cons…
Ribosomes
Make proteins (cover the rough ER and in the cytosol)
Rough ER
-has bound ribosomes make proteins) which secrete glycoprotei…
80 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: The Cell
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
AP Bio: 2) The Cell
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
3 key details on prokaryotes
3 details on eukaryotes
Have: plasma membrane, cytosol with organelles, ribosomes, 1-…
Have: plasma membrane, cytosol with organelles, ribosomes, nu…
1. Chromosomes are grouped together in a region called the nu…
1. A membrane-enclosed nucleus contains the cell's chromosome…
Prokaryotic cells
Have: plasma membrane, cytosol with organelles, ribosomes, 1-…
Eukaryotic cells
Have: plasma membrane, cytosol with organelles, ribosomes, nu…
56 terms
AP Biology - 2 The cell
细胞
光学显微镜
电子显微镜
真核细胞
cells
light microscopes
electron microscopes
eukaryotic cells
细胞
cells
光学显微镜
light microscopes
36 terms
AP Biology Unit 2 The Cell
Nucleus
Endosymbiosis
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
Part of the endomembrane system. ... Lipids are synthesized, cal…
An endomembrane system covered with ribosomes where many prot…
Nucleus
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
Endosymbiosis
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
46 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology Review
Function of organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
- Compartmentalize chemical reactions... - Provide membranes on…
- Largest organelle... - Stores and protects DNA
- Phospholipid bilayer membrane that encloses the nucleus... - S…
- Makes ribosomal subunits- rRNA + ribosomal proteins
Function of organelles
- Compartmentalize chemical reactions... - Provide membranes on…
Nucleus
- Largest organelle... - Stores and protects DNA
18 terms
Cell Biology Ap Bio Vocab
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Chromatin
Rough ER
...
Coiled strands of DNA wrapped on histone proteins
...
...
Nucleolus
...
Nucleus
Coiled strands of DNA wrapped on histone proteins
66 terms
Newkirk AP Bio Review 1 "Cell Biology"
Actin-
Active Transport-
Amphipathic-
Cell Wall-
globular protein that forms microfilaments.
when moving a substance requires energy input. Used to move a…
containing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
a layer external to the plasma membrane that provides protect…
Actin-
globular protein that forms microfilaments.
Active Transport-
when moving a substance requires energy input. Used to move a…
29 terms
AP Biology Unit 2 The Cell
Nucleus
Endosymbiosis
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
Part of the endomembrane system. ... Lipids are synthesized, cal…
An endomembrane system covered with ribosomes where many prot…
Nucleus
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
Endosymbiosis
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
108 terms
AP Bio 2: Cells
size of atoms
size of lipids
size of proteins
size of ribosomes
0.1nm
1-5 nm
5-10 nm
~13 nm
size of atoms
0.1nm
size of lipids
1-5 nm
57 terms
AP Biology Unit 2---the Cell
Cell
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Peripheral proteins
basic functional unit of all living things
bounds the cell and encloses the nucleus and cytoplasm. separ…
consists of organelles suspended in a fluid matrix (cytosol)
proteins attached to the inner or outer surface of the membrane
Cell
basic functional unit of all living things
Plasma membrane
bounds the cell and encloses the nucleus and cytoplasm. separ…
74 terms
AP Bio Unit 3 Test: Cell Biology
Prokaryotes
Water, oxygen, carbon dioxide
Ribosomes
Cell membrane
No membrane bound organelles. Smaller than eukaryotes
Things that don't care about membrane bound organelles
Make proteins.
Comprised of phospholipids
Prokaryotes
No membrane bound organelles. Smaller than eukaryotes
Water, oxygen, carbon dioxide
Things that don't care about membrane bound organelles
19 terms
AP BIO Exam Review Cell Biology
What are the two cell theories?
Every "generic" cell has which 4 things:
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All living things are composed of cells, the smallest unit…
1. Cytoplasm... 2. Cell membrane... 3. Genetic Material... 4. Ribosomes
- bacteria... - no membrane bound organelles... - a loop of DNA ... -…
- everything but bacteria... - many membrane bound organelles... -…
What are the two cell theories?
1. All living things are composed of cells, the smallest unit…
Every "generic" cell has which 4 things:
1. Cytoplasm... 2. Cell membrane... 3. Genetic Material... 4. Ribosomes
58 terms
AP Biology Concept 2 - Cells
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
Nucleolus
No membrane-bound organelles.... no nucleus (single, circular DN…
Membrane-bound organelles. Multiple linear DNA. Histones on D…
holds DNA and nucleolus
Where ribosomal sub-units are made
Prokaryotic
No membrane-bound organelles.... no nucleus (single, circular DN…
Eukaryotic
Membrane-bound organelles. Multiple linear DNA. Histones on D…
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
18 terms
Cell Parts AP Biology 2
Cell Membrane
Cytoplam
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Forms the boundary of the cell: acts as a selectove barrier a…
The entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane;…
Contains most of the genes that control the eukaryotic cell;…
Where the components of the ribosomes are synthesized and ass…
Cell Membrane
Forms the boundary of the cell: acts as a selectove barrier a…
Cytoplam
The entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane;…
22 terms
AP Bio 2 Cells
cells
surface area
effective
small
basic unit of life
cell size is limited to ________ ______. the ________ _____ t…
small flat cells and small thin cells are more __________ for…
______ cells have more surface area compared to colume
cells
basic unit of life
surface area
cell size is limited to ________ ______. the ________ _____ t…
30 terms
CELLS 2 AP BIO
Vacuoles
Contractile Vacuole
Mitochondria
Cristae
The organelles store material
This organelle pumps out excess water in freshwater protists
Site of aerobic respiration in a cell
The highly folded inner membrane of the mitochondria
Vacuoles
The organelles store material
Contractile Vacuole
This organelle pumps out excess water in freshwater protists
82 terms
AP Bio 2 - Cell
light microscope
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
cell fractionation
visible light passes through a specimen and then through glas…
focus a beam of electrons onto the surface of a specimen, pro…
focus beams of electrons through a specimen, mainly used to s…
takes cells apart and separates major organelles
light microscope
visible light passes through a specimen and then through glas…
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
focus a beam of electrons onto the surface of a specimen, pro…
16 terms
AP Bio 2 Cells
Cell Theory
Why are cells so small?
Membrane
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
- All living matter is composed of one or more cells... - The ce…
- The surface area to volume ratio of a cell favors a smaller…
- It separates the cell from the environment.... - Boundary laye…
- Cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus.... -…
Cell Theory
- All living matter is composed of one or more cells... - The ce…
Why are cells so small?
- The surface area to volume ratio of a cell favors a smaller…
36 terms
AP Bio Cells and Biochemistry 2
Phospholipids
Proteins
Cholesterol
3 main parts of the eukaryotic cell
makeup the majority of the cell membrane... these molecules crea…
regulated the body's tissues and organs... composed of amino aci…
helps keep the cell membrane flexible to some degree
1. Plasma (cell membrane)... 2. Nucleus (controls the activities…
Phospholipids
makeup the majority of the cell membrane... these molecules crea…
Proteins
regulated the body's tissues and organs... composed of amino aci…
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
117 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology (progressive with notes)
Cells
Structure function
Survive
Preexisting cells
All living things are made of _____ or _____ fragments
Cells are alike in ______ and _______
Cells need information (DNA) to ________
New cells come from __________ _______
Cells
All living things are made of _____ or _____ fragments
Structure function
Cells are alike in ______ and _______
122 terms
AP Biology Topic 2: The Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cells
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Nuclear Envelope
found in the domains of Bacteria and Archaea; chromosomes are…
found in the domain Eukarya; has a membrane-enclosed nucleus…
network of membranous sacs and tubes; active in membrane synt…
double membrane enclosing the nucleus; perforated by pores, c…
Prokaryotic Cell
found in the domains of Bacteria and Archaea; chromosomes are…
Eukaryotic Cells
found in the domain Eukarya; has a membrane-enclosed nucleus…
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
82 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: The Cell
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
animal cell
jellylike substance inside of the cell that all cellular orga…
-eukarya (animals, plants, and fungi)... -have a nucleus where D…
-bacteria, archaea... -no nucleus~nucleoid... -smaller than eukaryo…
-lysosomes... -centrosomes
cytosol
jellylike substance inside of the cell that all cellular orga…
eukaryotic cell
-eukarya (animals, plants, and fungi)... -have a nucleus where D…
62 terms
AP BIO UNIT 2: CELLS
phospholipid
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
polar
-Major component of cell membrane... -line up and arrange themse…
repel water
attracted to water
one end is positively-charged and the opposite end is negativ…
phospholipid
-Major component of cell membrane... -line up and arrange themse…
hydrophobic
repel water
AP Bio- 2 (Cell Bio)
cell
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
RNA
a small collection of functioning molecules that join togethe…
a cell without a nucleus
a cell with a nucleus
The functional photocopies of DNA that carry information thro…
cell
a small collection of functioning molecules that join togethe…
prokaryotic cell
a cell without a nucleus
65 terms
AP Biology cells #2
Fimbriae
Nucleoid
Ribosomes
Cell wall
Attachment structures on the surface of some prokaryotes
Region where the cell's DNA is located (not enclosed by a mem…
Complexes that synthesize proteins
Rigid structure outside the plasma membrane
Fimbriae
Attachment structures on the surface of some prokaryotes
Nucleoid
Region where the cell's DNA is located (not enclosed by a mem…
33 terms
AP Biology cells #2
Fimbriae
Nucleoid
Ribosomes
Cell wall
Attachment structures on the surface of some prokaryotes
Region where the cell's DNA is located (not enclosed by a mem…
Complexes that synthesize proteins
Rigid structure outside the plasma membrane
Fimbriae
Attachment structures on the surface of some prokaryotes
Nucleoid
Region where the cell's DNA is located (not enclosed by a mem…
58 terms
AP Biology - 2 The Cell old
cells
light microscopes
electron microscopes
eukaryotic cells
细胞
光学显微镜
电子显微镜
真核细胞
cells
细胞
light microscopes
光学显微镜
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
bio 2 cell biology
the jobs of cells
cell membrane
vacuoles and vesicles
lysosomes
make energy, make proteins, make more cells
separates cell from outside.. phospholipid bilayer
move and store material.. membrane sac
digest food, clean up and recycle.. membrane sac of digested…
the jobs of cells
make energy, make proteins, make more cells
cell membrane
separates cell from outside.. phospholipid bilayer
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