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Study sets matching "bio ap biology 2"

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Study sets matching "bio ap biology 2"

8 terms
AP Biology Bio-molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
Monomer- Amino Acid... Polymer- Polypeptide and/or dipeptide (En…
Monomer- Nucleotide... Polymer- DNA, RNA... Elements- C, H, O, N, P…
Carbohydrate
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Lipid
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
120 terms
AP Biology BioChemistry Unit 2
what can hydrogen bonds form between
hydrpgen bonds form due to their
Bond type: ionic bond between a positi…
What do ionic bonds form
1 water molecule and 4 other water molecules
polar nature of water
ionic crystals such as NaCl
Ionic crystals such as NaCl
what can hydrogen bonds form between
1 water molecule and 4 other water molecules
hydrpgen bonds form due to their
polar nature of water
60 terms
AP Biology, Unit 2, Bio Chemistry Review
Chemical Structure of Hydroxyl
Properties of Carbonyl (2)
What are the 4 special properties of w…
Properties of Carboxyl (3)
Polar, water soluble
1) Cohesion 2) high specific heat, 3) insulation of bodies of…
Polar, water soluble, acidic
Chemical Structure of Hydroxyl
Properties of Carbonyl (2)
Polar, water soluble
70 terms
Molecular Biology and Bio Engineering (Genetics) - AP Bio
Pedigree
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Transcription
Hershey and Chase
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
Process by which DNA makes RNA. 3 Stages- Initiation (RNA pol…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Pedigree
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
77 terms
AP Biology (BioChemistry Ch.2/3)
Independent Variable
Dependant Variable
Control
Experimental Data
Manipulated by the researcher. (X-axis)
Factor measured by the experiment. (Y-axis)
Variables that are not changed throughout the experiment.
Variable that is being studied.
Independent Variable
Manipulated by the researcher. (X-axis)
Dependant Variable
Factor measured by the experiment. (Y-axis)
13 terms
AP Bio Conservation Biology
Explain the three levels of biodiversi…
Name and give an example of the five b…
Anthropocene
Anthropogenic
1. Genetic Variability (lots of different features w/in a spe…
1. Economic value : hunting, tourists, trees purifying water…
Idea that humans govern the earth
caused by human activity. Ex: pollution is anthropogenic degr…
Explain the three levels of biodiversi…
1. Genetic Variability (lots of different features w/in a spe…
Name and give an example of the five b…
1. Economic value : hunting, tourists, trees purifying water…
23 terms
bio test
allele
asexual reproduction
epogenetics
fertilization
One of a number of forms of a gene
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
The study of how enviromental factors like diet, stress and m…
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
allele
One of a number of forms of a gene
asexual reproduction
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
ap bio molecular biology
stages of replication
Replication: initiation
SSB
steps of transcription
Initiation, elongation, and termination
supercoiling relaxed by topoisomerase, replication fork opend…
proteins which keeps the strands separated
RNA polymerase breaks the hydrogen bonds between the DNA base…
stages of replication
Initiation, elongation, and termination
Replication: initiation
supercoiling relaxed by topoisomerase, replication fork opend…
26 terms
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
41 terms
Cell Biology - AP Bio
What is the most fundamental differenc…
What does Domain mean?
What is endosymbiosis?
What is nuclear DNA?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Notion that one bacteria engulfed another bacteria; leads to…
Nucleic acid in nucleus of eukaryotic cells; double helix form
What is the most fundamental differenc…
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
What does Domain mean?
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
75 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: Cell Biology
cytoplasm
cytosol
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
the interior of a cell
a semifluid substance inside all cells in which organelles ar…
DNA is found in the nucleus, larger than prokaryotic... endoplas…
DNA is concentrated in the nucleoid... Bacteria, and Archaea... No…
cytoplasm
the interior of a cell
cytosol
a semifluid substance inside all cells in which organelles ar…
98 terms
Ap Bio Unit 2 Population biology
Abiotic Components
Biotic Components
Ecosystem
Ecology
Temperature, wind, precipitation, gases, rocks, non-living pa…
living things, plants, animals, fungi, dead things, predators…
all the organisms in a given area, as well as the abiotic fac…
the study of ecosystems
Abiotic Components
Temperature, wind, precipitation, gases, rocks, non-living pa…
Biotic Components
living things, plants, animals, fungi, dead things, predators…
91 terms
AP Bio Unit 2 Mastering Biology
Fimbriae
protection
nucleoid region
ribosomes
_______ are surface appendages that allow a bacterium to stic…
What is the function of a bacterium's capsule?
Where is a bacterial cell's DNA found?
In a bacterium, where are proteins synthesized?
Fimbriae
_______ are surface appendages that allow a bacterium to stic…
protection
What is the function of a bacterium's capsule?
115 terms
Cellular biology (AP Bio unit 2)
- All living things are made of cells…
Cell size
Efficiency
- Allows cells to distribute nutrients…
What are the four parts to cell theory
Cells need to be small to be effective
Small cells have a larger surface area to volume ratio
What two things does cell efficiency do
- All living things are made of cells…
What are the four parts to cell theory
Cell size
Cells need to be small to be effective
47 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: Cell Biology
to optimize surface area to volume rat…
plasma membrane
cytosol
cytoplasm
why are cells small?
selective barrier that allows passage of nutrients (SA)
semifluid, jellylike substance in all cells
interior of any cell/ internal space that cytosol takes up
to optimize surface area to volume rat…
why are cells small?
plasma membrane
selective barrier that allows passage of nutrients (SA)
50 terms
AP BIO: Molecular Biology Review
DNA replication
semiconservative replication
helicase
replication fork
the process of making a copy of DNA
DNA replication in which each of the parental strands is read…
an enzyme that untwists the double helix at the replication f…
A Y-shaped region on a replicating DNA molecule where new str…
DNA replication
the process of making a copy of DNA
semiconservative replication
DNA replication in which each of the parental strands is read…
43 terms
Pre-AP Bio: Unit 2- Biology
Type of relationship where one is help…
Name 4 density dependent limiting fact…
Fancy science name for birth rate
Term for moving out of the population
Predator prey
Food, water, space, sunlight
Natality
Emigration
Type of relationship where one is help…
Predator prey
Name 4 density dependent limiting fact…
Food, water, space, sunlight
12 terms
AP Biology Bio-Chemistry
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Liver
glucose,fructose, galactose
lactose, sucrose, maltose
glycogen, starch, cellulose, chitin
First stop for blood glucose
Monosaccharides
glucose,fructose, galactose
Disaccharides
lactose, sucrose, maltose
204 terms
Unit 1: Ch. 1 The Science of Biology & Ch. 2 The Nature of Molecules & Properties of Water (AP Bio Raven 9th Edition)
growth
development
metabolism
homeostasis
addition of mass
increase in complexity
sum total of all chemical reactions in an organism
maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
growth
addition of mass
development
increase in complexity
35 terms
Ap Bio cell biology
Cytology
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
study of the cell
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
a cell that lacks a true nucleus genetic material is held in…
a cell that has a true membrane-bound nucleus animal cells pl…
Cytology
study of the cell
Organelle
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
30 terms
AP Bio, Behavioral Biology
behavior
ethology
fixed action pattern
sign stimulis
What an animal does and how it does it.
The study of how animals behave in their natural habitat.
A sequence of behavioral acts that are essentially unchangeab…
The thing that FAPs are triggered by.
behavior
What an animal does and how it does it.
ethology
The study of how animals behave in their natural habitat.
122 terms
AP Biology BioChem Flashcards
Everything is made up of ___?
List the three parts to an atom and th…
The number of protons in an element de…
What basic formula is used to find the…
matter
Protons (+)... Electrons (-+ nuetral)... Neutrons (-)
the atomic number and also the electrons
mass- atomic number
Everything is made up of ___?
matter
List the three parts to an atom and th…
Protons (+)... Electrons (-+ nuetral)... Neutrons (-)
125 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 2, Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 1, AP Bio - Chemistry Basics
speciation
biological species concept
reproductive isolation
prezygotic barriers
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
Barriers that impede members of two different species fro pro…
Barriers that impede mating or hinder fertilization.
speciation
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
biological species concept
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
62 terms
AP Bio - Macromolecules #2
monomer of carbs
example of monosaccharides
polymer of carbs
examples of polysaccharides
monosaccharides
glucose
polysaccharides
starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin
monomer of carbs
monosaccharides
example of monosaccharides
glucose
Photosystem 1 and 2 Definitions Study for Honors Biology or AP Bio
photosystem I
photosystem II
NADPH
ATP
P700, makes NADPH, does not take place first
One of two light-capturing units in a chloroplast's thylakoid…
one of the carrier molecules that transfers high-energy elect…
Similar structure to ATP but has only 2 phosphate groups. Par…
photosystem I
P700, makes NADPH, does not take place first
photosystem II
One of two light-capturing units in a chloroplast's thylakoid…
128 terms
Unit 1: Ch. 1 The Science of Biology & Ch. 2 The Nature of Molecules & Properties of Water (AP Bio Raven 9th Edition)
growth
development
metabolism
homeostasis
addition of mass
increase in complexity
sum total of all chemical reactions in an organism
maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
growth
addition of mass
development
increase in complexity
17 terms
AP Bio Evolutionary Biology
Natural Selection... :Observation 1-5
Natural Selection: Inference 1-3
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
1: more individuals are born than can survive... 2: population s…
1: since more individuals are born than can survive, there is…
When a theory supports multiple facts
When multiple observed facts support a theory
Natural Selection... :Observation 1-5
1: more individuals are born than can survive... 2: population s…
Natural Selection: Inference 1-3
1: since more individuals are born than can survive, there is…
19 terms
AP Biology BioChem Basic Review
Element
Atom
Compound
Neutron
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or mo…
A sub-atomic particle found in the nucleus with mass similar…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
63 terms
AP BIOLOGY BioChem vocab
Atom
Compound
Element
Nucleus
Smallest particle of an element; basic building blocks of mat…
Substance composed of atoms of two or more different elements…
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances
In eukaryotes, a membrane-bounded organelle that contains chr…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element; basic building blocks of mat…
Compound
Substance composed of atoms of two or more different elements…
31 terms
AP Bio-Biology of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
Organelles
Cytosol
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
prokaryotic: cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and mem…
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
Organelles
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
65 terms
Chapter 18 & 19 AP Bio 2 Cambell Biology
Activator
alternative RNA splicing
cell differentation
chromatin
A protein that binds to DNA & stimulates transcription of a s…
A type of regulation at the RNA-processing level in which dif…
the structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA & stimulates transcription of a s…
alternative RNA splicing
A type of regulation at the RNA-processing level in which dif…
Science | Biology | AP Bio | Plant Vocab
Apical bud
Axillary bud
Blade
Compound leaf
The tip of a growing shoot
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
The flat and expanded part of a leaf
Multiple leaflets
Apical bud
The tip of a growing shoot
Axillary bud
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
22 terms
BIOLOGY AP: BioChemistry Review
Scientific method
Experimental design
Properties of Water
monomer
a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring n…
the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the v…
a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tast…
the subunit that serves as a building block of the polymer
Scientific method
a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring n…
Experimental design
the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the v…
33 terms
AP BIO Molecular Biology
what are DNA's two ends?
What does 3' end with?
What does 5' end with?
what does "helicase" do?
3' and 5'
-OH
a Phosphate group
unwinds the DNA
what are DNA's two ends?
3' and 5'
What does 3' end with?
-OH
76 terms
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
50 terms
MasteringBiology Ap bio Chapter 52 vocabulary
abyssal zone
neriric zone
photic zone
landscape ecology
The part of the ocean's benthic zone between 2,000 and 6,000…
The shallow region of the ocean overlaying the continental sh…
The narrow top layer of an ocean or lake, where light penetra…
The study of how the spatial arrangement of habitat types aff…
abyssal zone
The part of the ocean's benthic zone between 2,000 and 6,000…
neriric zone
The shallow region of the ocean overlaying the continental sh…
15 terms
Lipids Biology AP Bio
3 classes of lipids
Types of molecules making up triglycer…
Two types of fats
Top part of the phospholipids
Fats/ triglycerides... Phosolipids... Steroids
Glycerol 1... Fatty acid chains 3
Saturated and unsaturated
Polar (phosphate) head, hydrophilic
3 classes of lipids
Fats/ triglycerides... Phosolipids... Steroids
Types of molecules making up triglycer…
Glycerol 1... Fatty acid chains 3
27 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
cytology
compartmentalization
nucleus
ribosomes
the scientific study of cells
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
largest organelle in the cell
protein factories
cytology
the scientific study of cells
compartmentalization
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
43 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
chromosomes
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape o…
carry genetic information
nucleus
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
nuclear envelope
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
80 terms
Cell Biology-AP Bio
Major Elements of Life
Organic Compounds
Cell division
Information storage and transferral
P.S. CHON
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
Nucleus, chromatin, microtubules, microfilaments
Chromatin, nucleus
Major Elements of Life
P.S. CHON
Organic Compounds
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
69 terms
AP Bio molecular biology
T. H. Morgan
Frederick Griffith
Avery, McCarty, and McLeod
Hershey and Chase
experimented with the fruit fly (drosophila) to establish the…
was working with bacteria trying to find a cure for pneumonia…
proved DNA is the "transforming factor": purified both DNA an…
classic "blender experiment" to confirm DNA and not protein:…
T. H. Morgan
experimented with the fruit fly (drosophila) to establish the…
Frederick Griffith
was working with bacteria trying to find a cure for pneumonia…
45 terms
AP BIO Molecular Biology
dna polymerase
helicase
SSBP
primase
enzyme responsible for dna synthesis
opens the helix (which causes strand separation)
single strand binding proteins: keep the strand open
puts down a small rna primer which is necessary for DNA polym…
dna polymerase
enzyme responsible for dna synthesis
helicase
opens the helix (which causes strand separation)
37 terms
AP BIO Molecular Biology
Mendel
Sutton
Morgan
Griffith
Studied modes of inheritance in pea plants
Found that genes are located on chromosomes (Grasshoppers)
Sutton's student, wanted to disprove him'... Found sex linkage (…
S. Pneumonia, smooth vs. Rough, smooth kills, rough doesn't.…
Mendel
Studied modes of inheritance in pea plants
Sutton
Found that genes are located on chromosomes (Grasshoppers)
AP Bio Molecular Biology
DNA ligase
PCR
Restriction Enzymes
Transformation
Used to reattach sticky ends in a plasmid and to attach Okaza…
Used to make multiple copies of DNA
Used to cut DNA apart
Used to make bacteria that will then synthesize multiple copi…
DNA ligase
Used to reattach sticky ends in a plasmid and to attach Okaza…
PCR
Used to make multiple copies of DNA
19 terms
AP Bio: Evolutionary Biology
Reducing atmosphere
Proteinoids
Chemical selection
Chemosynthesic
...
...
...
...
Reducing atmosphere
...
Proteinoids
...
30 terms
AP Bio- Cell Biology
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells or cell fragments
Cells are alike in structure and function
Cells need information to survive
News cells always come from pre-existing cells
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells or cell fragments
Cell theory
Cells are alike in structure and function
27 terms
Ap Bio, Molecular Biology
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Double helix
DNA polymerase
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
107 terms
AP Biology-Ecology, AP Bio - Unit 1
biotic factors
ecology
climate
abiotic factors
a living component of a biological community; an organism, or…
the scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
the long term prevailing weather conditions in a given area
a non-living component of an ecosystem, such as air, water, o…
biotic factors
a living component of a biological community; an organism, or…
ecology
the scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
8 terms
AP. Bio. Study of Biology
The future of biology is in understand…
Emergent properties are due to the arr…
In order to better understand biologic…
Discovery science describes nature thr…
systems
interactions
Reductionism
observations
The future of biology is in understand…
systems
Emergent properties are due to the arr…
interactions
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