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Study sets matching "bio ap biology chapter 7"

25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Terms
Absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
Autotroph
C3 plant
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic m…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
Absorption spectrum
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
ATP synthase
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
37 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
primary macromolecules found in membranes
plasma membrane
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
selectively permeable
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
46 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
32 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7
Energy Flow and Chemical Recycling in…
Fementation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and ultimately lea…
A catabolic process that partial degrades sugars pr other org…
The most efficient catabolic pathway... Oxygen is consumed as a…
The use of substances other that oxygen as reactants in a sim…
Energy Flow and Chemical Recycling in…
Energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and ultimately lea…
Fementation
A catabolic process that partial degrades sugars pr other org…
48 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
- The reproduction of cells. ... - The continuity of life is bas…
- The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a…
- A genome is a cells endowment of DNA (genetic information).…
- DNA is packaged into these structures. ... - Each eukaryotic c…
Cell Division
- The reproduction of cells. ... - The continuity of life is bas…
Cell Cycle
- The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a…
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
46 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 7
Cell membrane
Amphipathic
Fluid mosaic model
Phospholipids
Consists of lipids and proteins and it is selectively permiable
Phospholipids-both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
Membrane is a fluid structure
Constantly move laterally
Cell membrane
Consists of lipids and proteins and it is selectively permiable
Amphipathic
Phospholipids-both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
36 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipids
Fluid mosaic model
Freeze Fracture
boundary that separates the living cell from its surroundings…
the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane ... Phospholipids…
continually being refined... more mosaic more fluid... Freeze fract…
study of the plasma membrane used to support fluid mosaic mod…
Plasma Membrane
boundary that separates the living cell from its surroundings…
Phospholipids
the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane ... Phospholipids…
24 terms
Chapter 7 ap bio
Amphipathic
Fluid mosaic model
Integral proteins
Peripheral proteins
Has both hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
The membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
Penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bilayer
Not embedded in the lipid bilateral at all they are appendage…
Amphipathic
Has both hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
Fluid mosaic model
The membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
AP bio- chapter 7
plasma membrane
the fluid mosaic model
membranes are held together by ___1_ i…
structure of plasma membrane
selectively permeable- allows some substances to cross more e…
describes the membrane as fluid with proteins embedded in or…
1. weak ... 2. the membrane to be fluid
plasma membrane
selectively permeable- allows some substances to cross more e…
the fluid mosaic model
describes the membrane as fluid with proteins embedded in or…
35 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7
glycolysis
ATP
ADP
oxidation
the process of turning sugars into the 3-carbon molecule pyru…
adenosine triphosphate - the ideal molecule for energy storag…
adenosine diphosphate; consists of ribose, adenine, and two p…
the act of losing electrons
glycolysis
the process of turning sugars into the 3-carbon molecule pyru…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate - the ideal molecule for energy storag…
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7- Photosynthesis
absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
autotroph
C3 plant
Spectrum produced when atoms absorb specific wavelengths of i…
Complex formed of enzymes and their carrier proteins; functio…
Organism that can capture energy and synthesize organic molec…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
absorption spectrum
Spectrum produced when atoms absorb specific wavelengths of i…
ATP synthase
Complex formed of enzymes and their carrier proteins; functio…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
oxidized
reduced
redox reactions
NAD
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
A compound form found in living cells, existing in two interc…
oxidized
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
reduced
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
22 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7
Fluid Mosaic Model
"Fluid" mosaic model
fluid "Mosaic" model
Integral Proteins (fluid mosaic)
example of science as a process... refers to the way the lipids…
"fluid"- refers to LIPID bilayer, molecules are not together,…
PROTEINS float in a sea of lipids... proteins form a collage of…
inserted into lipid bilayer
Fluid Mosaic Model
example of science as a process... refers to the way the lipids…
"Fluid" mosaic model
"fluid"- refers to LIPID bilayer, molecules are not together,…
58 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7
Phosphate head consists of a
Fluid Mosaic model
Gylcolipids
Glycoproteins
- phosphate head... - glycerol backbone
Fluid "mixture" model, meaning that the cell membrane does no…
Similar to phospholipids, but they have a large hydrophillic…
Have a larger hydrophobic head due to attachment of a sugar w…
Phosphate head consists of a
- phosphate head... - glycerol backbone
Fluid Mosaic model
Fluid "mixture" model, meaning that the cell membrane does no…
20 terms
AP Biology chapter 7
redox reaction
oxidation
reducing agent
oxidizing agent
oxidation-reduction reactions
the loss of electrons
the electron donor
the electron acceptor
redox reaction
oxidation-reduction reactions
oxidation
the loss of electrons
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
symbiosis
endosymbiosis
theory of endosymbiosis
euglena
a condition of living together (pg. 114)
a condition of living together and within (pg. 114)
small prokaryote cells moved into larger host prokaryote cell…
a modern protist (pg. 116)
symbiosis
a condition of living together (pg. 114)
endosymbiosis
a condition of living together and within (pg. 114)
33 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
oxidized
reduced
redox reactions
NAD+
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
A compound form found in living cells, existing in two interc…
oxidized
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
reduced
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
25 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7 Photosynthesis
Absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
Autotroph
C3 plant
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic m…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
Absorption spectrum
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
ATP synthase
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
24 terms
AP Bio Sherrill - Chapter 7 Cell Membranes
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
channel proteins
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a type of transport proteins used in facilitated diffusion th…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
amphipathic
molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
42 terms
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 7
active transport
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
amphipathic
aquaporin
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
A channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, with an e…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are hydrolyzed.…
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Catabolism
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
the breakdown of organic molecules is exergonic
partial degradation of sugars that occurs in the absence of O2
{aka cellular respiration} consumes organic molecules from fo…
similar to aerobic respiration but consumes compounds other t…
Catabolism
the breakdown of organic molecules is exergonic
Fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs in the absence of O2
35 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7 Vocab
selective permeability
amphipathic molecule
fluid mosaic model
freeze fracture
the plasma membrane exhibits ________ ________; it allows som…
a phospholipid is an ________ _________; it has both a hydrop…
the membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic of various p…
a method of preparing cells for electron microscopy is called…
selective permeability
the plasma membrane exhibits ________ ________; it allows som…
amphipathic molecule
a phospholipid is an ________ _________; it has both a hydrop…
35 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 7 Cell Membrane
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bil…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
18 terms
Chapter 7 AP Bio
Photosynthetic organisms
Autotrophes
Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Ex... Algae... Plants... Cynaobacteria... Transform solar energy into…
-Organisms that produce their own food... -Feed heterotrophs
-A process that capture solar energy... -Transforms solar energy…
-Site of photosynthesis... -Evolved from photosynthetic bacteria…
Photosynthetic organisms
Ex... Algae... Plants... Cynaobacteria... Transform solar energy into…
Autotrophes
-Organisms that produce their own food... -Feed heterotrophs
33 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7
First laaw of thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
Anabolism
Catabolism
Energy can't be created or destroyed, but can be transferred…
When energy is converted from one form to another, energy ava…
Various pathways in which complex molecules are synthesized f…
Pathways in which larger molecules are broken into smaller ones
First laaw of thermodynamics
Energy can't be created or destroyed, but can be transferred…
Second law of thermodynamics
When energy is converted from one form to another, energy ava…
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
oxidized
reduced
redox reactions
NAD
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
A compound form found in living cells, existing in two interc…
oxidized
undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are…
reduced
Gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
37 terms
Ap Bio Chapter 7
active transport
amphipathic molecule
aquaporin
concentration gradient
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of a plant or anim…
An increase or decrease in the density of a chemical substanc…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
amphipathic molecule
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
35 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
transport protein
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
a transmembrane protein that helps a certain substance or cla…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
9 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
a source of building blocks for growth…
chloroplasts membranes provide a big s…
it is capable of absorbing solar energy
contains an enzyme rich solution where…
What do autotrophs and herterotrophs use the energy produced…
Discuss the significance of membrane space in the chloroplasts.
What is significant about chlorophyll?
What is significance about stroma?
a source of building blocks for growth…
What do autotrophs and herterotrophs use the energy produced…
chloroplasts membranes provide a big s…
Discuss the significance of membrane space in the chloroplasts.
51 terms
AP BIO - Chapter 7
plasma (cell) membrane
selective permeability
amphipathic
hydrophilic
phospholipid bilayer that surrounds cell, separates it from o…
process in which a membrane allows some molecules to pass thr…
when molecule has both hydrophobic and hydrophilic sections
head of phospholipid
plasma (cell) membrane
phospholipid bilayer that surrounds cell, separates it from o…
selective permeability
process in which a membrane allows some molecules to pass thr…
21 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 7
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
Process by which organic compounds are oxidized without oxyge…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
Process by which organic compounds are oxidized without oxyge…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
59 terms
AP BIO: chapter 7
electron donor
electron acceptor
glucose
pyruvate
compound loses/donates electrons, compound becomes oxidized
compound gains/accepts electrons, compound becomes reduced
carbon containing compound, electron donor in glycolysis, oxi…
oxidized version of glucose, after electron donor loses elect…
electron donor
compound loses/donates electrons, compound becomes oxidized
electron acceptor
compound gains/accepts electrons, compound becomes reduced
36 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Cell divison
asexual reproduction
clones
sexual reproduction
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
an organism or cell, or group of organisms or cells, produced…
the production of new living organisms by combining genetic i…
Cell divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
asexual reproduction
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
36 terms
AP Bio Chapter 7 Vocab
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Integral Proteins
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
Typically a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions th…
Selective Permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
the membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of various…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer; a tr…
selective permeability
allows some substances to cross it more easily than others; b…
amphipathic
has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; i.e.…
42 terms
AP Bio - Chapter 7 Vocab
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
amphipathic
aquaporin
movement of a substance across the cell membrane, against its…
main energy source in cells; energy is extracted by hydrolysi…
having a hydrophilic and hydrophobic area
a channel protein that solely transports water molecules at a…
active transport
movement of a substance across the cell membrane, against its…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
main energy source in cells; energy is extracted by hydrolysi…
77 terms
Biology Pre-AP Chapter 7
False
False
False
False
Prokaryotic cells are made up of multiple cells and are very…
All cells have a nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria.
When viewing a specimen with a microscope, always start with…
You can find a cell wall in both plant and animal cells.
False
Prokaryotic cells are made up of multiple cells and are very…
False
All cells have a nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria.
38 terms
AP Bio: Chapter 7
active transport
passive transport
concentration gradient
diffusion
movement of molecules across a membrane that requires ATP(ene…
molecules moving without ATP
a way to compare how many molecules of a substance there is o…
movement of molecules down the concentration gradient, from h…
active transport
movement of molecules across a membrane that requires ATP(ene…
passive transport
molecules moving without ATP
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
the membrane allows some substances to pass through easier th…
has a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; a phosphol…
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid bilayer; majo…
selective permeability
the membrane allows some substances to pass through easier th…
amphipathic
has a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region; a phosphol…
AP Biology Chapter 7
Plasma membrane
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
membrane fluidity
-semi permeable ... -made of lipids and proteins and carbohydrat…
-most abundant... -amphipathic (has hydrophobic and hydrophobic…
fluid structure with a mosaic of proteins embedded in or atta…
-lateral movement ... -remains fluid as temperatures decrease un…
Plasma membrane
-semi permeable ... -made of lipids and proteins and carbohydrat…
phospholipid
-most abundant... -amphipathic (has hydrophobic and hydrophobic…
16 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Active Transport
Aquaporin
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
Movement of a substance across a biological membrane against…
Transport protein in plasma membrane in plant or animal cell…
Change in density of a chemical substance in an area. Cells m…
Tendency of a substance to move down its concentration gradie…
Active Transport
Movement of a substance across a biological membrane against…
Aquaporin
Transport protein in plasma membrane in plant or animal cell…
52 terms
AP biology Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
most abundant lipids
main macromolecules in membranes
plasma membrane
seperates the living cell from its surroundings. Contros traf…
selectively permeable
allows some substances to cross more easily than others.
35 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
transport protein
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
a transmembrane protein that helps a certain substance or cla…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Absorption spectrum
ATP synthase
Autotroph
C3 plant
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic m…
Plant that fixes carbon dioxide via the Calvin cycle; the fir…
Absorption spectrum
The various portions of visible light that pigments are capab…
ATP synthase
Enzyme that is part of an ATP synthase complex and functions…
9 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7
Because models are hypotheses, replaci…
Figure 7.12 shows how membrane sidedne…
a) Diffusion of one solute. The membra…
Two sugar solutions of different conce…
Figure 7.5
Figure 7.12
Figure 7.13
Figure 7.14
Because models are hypotheses, replaci…
Figure 7.5
Figure 7.12 shows how membrane sidedne…
Figure 7.12
24 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Plasma membrane
Selectively permeable
Phospholipids
Membrane proteins
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
Form a lipid bilayer; are amphipathic molecules, having both…
Important for transporting substances across the cell membran…
Plasma membrane
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Selectively permeable
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
24 terms
Chapter 7 AP Biology
Plasma membrane
Selectively permeable
Phospholipids
Membrane proteins
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
Form a lipid bilayer; are amphipathic molecules, having both…
Important for transporting substances across the cell membran…
Plasma membrane
Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cells inter…
Selectively permeable
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
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