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Study sets matching "bio ap respiration photosynthesis"

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Study sets matching "bio ap respiration photosynthesis"

46 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
36 terms
AP Biology - Photosynthesis and Respiration Terms
Endergonic Reactions
Exergonic Reactions
Anabolic
Catabolic
requires energy, anabolism, active transport
releases energy, catabolism, cell respiration
a synthetic reaction in which simple molecules are linked to…
a synthetic reaction in which complex molecules are broken do…
Endergonic Reactions
requires energy, anabolism, active transport
Exergonic Reactions
releases energy, catabolism, cell respiration
61 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
33 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Glycolysis Big Picture
Krebs Cycle Big Picture
Glycolosis
ATP/ADP
Glucose is broken down to produce two ATP, two NADH, and two…
Pyruvate is manipulated by removing carbon dioxide to produce…
The breakdown of glucose into pyruvate in the cytoplasm of th…
The main usable energy source in the cell, the latter is used…
Glycolysis Big Picture
Glucose is broken down to produce two ATP, two NADH, and two…
Krebs Cycle Big Picture
Pyruvate is manipulated by removing carbon dioxide to produce…
11 terms
AP Biology: Photosynthesis and Respiration
Light Reactions
Dark Reactions
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Whats goes in: H2O, Light. ... What comes out: NADPH, ATP
What goes in: NADPH, ATP, CO2.... What comes out: Glucose.
What goes in: Glucose from dark reactions.... What comes out: AT…
What goes in: Pyruvic acid from glycolysis.... What comes out: A…
Light Reactions
Whats goes in: H2O, Light. ... What comes out: NADPH, ATP
Dark Reactions
What goes in: NADPH, ATP, CO2.... What comes out: Glucose.
51 terms
AP Biology: Photosynthesis and Respiration
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Describe how van Helmont and Priestly…
What did Engelmann's experiment tell u…
How did van Neil come to the conclusio…
EYYYY TAKE A 5 MIN BREAK :)
Von Helmont: planted a small willow tree in a pot of soil aft…
In his experiment, he used a micro-spectroscope to illuminate…
Oxygen produced during green plant photosynthesis results fro…
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
EYYYY TAKE A 5 MIN BREAK :)
Describe how van Helmont and Priestly…
Von Helmont: planted a small willow tree in a pot of soil aft…
18 terms
AP Biology- Photosynthesis and Respiration
Redox reaction
Hydrogen
Cycles of respiration
Where does oxygen enter the cycles?
2 reactions:... one molecule gains an electron (reduction) ... anot…
universal atom exchanged in redox reactions; only have two co…
glycolosis, pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, electron t…
between pyruvate oxidation and citric acid cycle
Redox reaction
2 reactions:... one molecule gains an electron (reduction) ... anot…
Hydrogen
universal atom exchanged in redox reactions; only have two co…
18 terms
AP Biology- Photosynthesis and Respiration
Redox reaction
Hydrogen
Cycles of respiration
Where does oxygen enter the cycles?
2 reactions:... one molecule gains an electron (reduction) ... anot…
universal atom exchanged in redox reactions; only have two co…
glycolosis, pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, electron t…
between pyruvate oxidation and citric acid cycle
Redox reaction
2 reactions:... one molecule gains an electron (reduction) ... anot…
Hydrogen
universal atom exchanged in redox reactions; only have two co…
30 terms
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Free Energy
Entropy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
the energy available to do work; required for life
disorder of the universe
energy cannot be created or destroyed
every time we convert energy, we increase the entropy of the…
Free Energy
the energy available to do work; required for life
Entropy
disorder of the universe
17 terms
AP Biology- Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Glycolysis
phosphodfructokinase (PFK)
Krebs Cycle
NAD and FAD
10 step, anaerobic process that breaks down 1 glucose and rel…
enzyme that catalyzes step 3 of glycolysis. ATP inhibits it i…
process that starts when acetyl CoA combines with OAA to prod…
coenzymes that carry protons or electrons from glycolysis and…
Glycolysis
10 step, anaerobic process that breaks down 1 glucose and rel…
phosphodfructokinase (PFK)
enzyme that catalyzes step 3 of glycolysis. ATP inhibits it i…
AP Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis equation
Reactants for photosynthesis
Products of photosynthesis
One way flow of energy on the earth
6H20 + 6CO2 ------ C6H1206 + 602
water & carbon dioxide
glucose & oxygen
radiant light -- autotrophs/chemoautotroph (producer) --- het…
Photosynthesis equation
6H20 + 6CO2 ------ C6H1206 + 602
Reactants for photosynthesis
water & carbon dioxide
65 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reaction
reduction
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars tha…
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
chemical reaction in which one or more electrons is transferr…
the addition of electrons to one substance in a redox reaction
fermentation
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars tha…
cellular respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9: Respiration and Photosynthesis
Fermentation
Cellular respiration
NAD+
Glycolysis
Partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use of…
Also known as aerobic respiration because oxygen is required…
An electron carrier that becomes NADH after accepting 2 elect…
The degradation of glucose begins as it is broken down into t…
Fermentation
Partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use of…
Cellular respiration
Also known as aerobic respiration because oxygen is required…
13 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Distinguish between autotrophic and he…
Distinguish between photoautotrophs an…
Identify major structures in a cross-s…
Describe the location and structure of…
Autotrophs obtain their organic food molecules through making…
Photoautotrophs use light to obtain organic molecules, while…
stomata=CO2 enters/leaves, H2O enters/leaves
Located in plant cells, has an outer membrane, inner membrane…
Distinguish between autotrophic and he…
Autotrophs obtain their organic food molecules through making…
Distinguish between photoautotrophs an…
Photoautotrophs use light to obtain organic molecules, while…
24 terms
Pre-AP Biology Photosynthesis & Respiration Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate - high energy
adenosine diphosphate
process by which ATP is made using chemicals as an energy sou…
process by which light is converted to chemical energy; sugar…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate - high energy
ADP
adenosine diphosphate
61 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
36 terms
AP Biology - Photosynthesis and Respiration Terms
Endergonic Reactions
Exergonic Reactions
Anabolic
Catabolic
requires energy, anabolism, active transport
releases energy, catabolism, cell respiration
a synthetic reaction in which simple molecules are linked to…
a synthetic reaction in which complex molecules are broken do…
Endergonic Reactions
requires energy, anabolism, active transport
Exergonic Reactions
releases energy, catabolism, cell respiration
150 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration/Photosynthesis
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. An emergent…
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product, with…
Realease energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. An emergent…
Metabolic Pathways
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product, with…
12 terms
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Redox Reactions
Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration: Fermentation (An…
Cellular Respiration: Link Reaction
*OIL RIG- Oxidation Involves Losing electrons, Reduction Invo…
1 Glucose --> 2 PGAL --> 2 Pyruvate... -Pyruvate is a 3-Carbon…
-After glycolysis, the pyruvate will become either lactic aci…
-Pyruvate from glycolysis diffuse through a protein to the in…
Redox Reactions
*OIL RIG- Oxidation Involves Losing electrons, Reduction Invo…
Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis
1 Glucose --> 2 PGAL --> 2 Pyruvate... -Pyruvate is a 3-Carbon…
29 terms
AP Biology Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis
Glycolysis
Link Reaction
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport Cycle ... Oxidative Ph…
Inputs: Glucose and 2 ATP (2NADPH)... Outputs: 2 Pyruvate, 2 ATP…
Inputs: 2 Pyruvate and 2 NAD+... Outputs: 2 Acetyl CoA, 2 NADH,…
Inputs: 2 Acetyl, FAD+, NAD+... Outputs: 6 NADH, 2 FADH2, 2 ATP,…
Inputs: O2, 10 NADH, 2 FADH2... Outputs: H2O, 30 ATP, 4 ATP... ATP:…
Glycolysis
Inputs: Glucose and 2 ATP (2NADPH)... Outputs: 2 Pyruvate, 2 ATP…
Link Reaction
Inputs: 2 Pyruvate and 2 NAD+... Outputs: 2 Acetyl CoA, 2 NADH,…
22 terms
AP biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular respiration
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
thylakoid
the conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
a flattened, membranous sac inside a chloroplast which often…
photosynthesis
the conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
autotroph
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
43 terms
AP Biology Cell Respiration/Photosynthesis
What is the first step to Cellular Res…
What is another name for cytoplasm?
What happens during glycolysis and wha…
What is the net gain of ATP in this pr…
Glycolysis; cytoplasm
Cytosol
Glucose is broken down; we get 2 ATP, 2 Pyruvate, 2 NADH
Net gain: 2... 2 are used, 4 are gained
What is the first step to Cellular Res…
Glycolysis; cytoplasm
What is another name for cytoplasm?
Cytosol
15 terms
Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis AP Biology
Why are NAD and FAD important?
What is the difference between substra…
What is produced at the end of each st…
What is produced at the end of each st…
They are electron carriers so they transport electrons from o…
-substrate level phosphorylation: process that produces small…
1. Glycolysis: (2 net ATP); 2 pyruvates; 2 NADH... 2. pyruvate o…
calvin cycle: G3P
Why are NAD and FAD important?
They are electron carriers so they transport electrons from o…
What is the difference between substra…
-substrate level phosphorylation: process that produces small…
62 terms
Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. AP Biology
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reaction
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Growing or metabolizing only in the presence of molecular oxy…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
aerobic respiration
Growing or metabolizing only in the presence of molecular oxy…
30 terms
Photosynthesis and Respiration Biology
Autotroph
Cellular respiration
Consumer
Energy
Organism that makes it's own food
Process in which cells break down glucose and makes ATP for e…
Organism that consumes others for food
Ability to do work
Autotroph
Organism that makes it's own food
Cellular respiration
Process in which cells break down glucose and makes ATP for e…
48 terms
AP Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
In the breakdown of glucose, is sugar…
In the breakdown of glucose, is oxygen…
Does glycolysis require oxygen?
Where does glycolysis occur?
oxidized
reduced
no (it is anaerobic)
cytoplasm
In the breakdown of glucose, is sugar…
oxidized
In the breakdown of glucose, is oxygen…
reduced
19 terms
AP Biology 013- Photosynthesis and Respiration
What is the goal of life?
Name and describe and give an example…
What are the two types of autotrophs?
What are the two types of heterotrophs?
To make ATP so we can use the energy
Autotroph- Make their own food ex. Plant... Heterotroph - Can't…
Those who use photosynthesis and those who use chemosynthesis
Those who use cellular respiration and those who use Fementat…
What is the goal of life?
To make ATP so we can use the energy
Name and describe and give an example…
Autotroph- Make their own food ex. Plant... Heterotroph - Can't…
50 terms
AP BIOLOGY Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the term used for the metaboli…
Which of the following statements is (…
Where does glycolysis takes place? a.…
The ATP made during glycolysis is gene…
a.
e
e
a
What is the term used for the metaboli…
a.
Which of the following statements is (…
e
23 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Equation for photosynthesis:
Noncyclic photophosphorylation and cyc…
Where does the site of photosynthesis…
What is the pigment in chloroplasts?
6CO2+6H20+light=C6H12O6+6O2
H20 and the energy in sunlight to generate ATP and NADPH to m…
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Equation for photosynthesis:
6CO2+6H20+light=C6H12O6+6O2
Noncyclic photophosphorylation and cyc…
H20 and the energy in sunlight to generate ATP and NADPH to m…
20 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis and Respiration questions
where, specifically do Light Reactions…
what are the products of the Light Rea…
what items initiate the Light Reactions?
what items are needed to drive the Cal…
thylakoid membranes
Oxygen, NADPH, ATP
water, sun, chloroplast (pigment)
carbon dioxide, NADPH, ATP
where, specifically do Light Reactions…
thylakoid membranes
what are the products of the Light Rea…
Oxygen, NADPH, ATP
21 terms
AP BIOLOGY: Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis
The role of oxygen in AEROBIC respirat…
The loss of hydrogen or electrons is k…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---- > 6H2O + 6CO2 + 38…
Most energy during cell respiration is…
the final H2 acceptor in the electron transport chain
oxidation
oxidation and is exergonic
lactic acid formation
The role of oxygen in AEROBIC respirat…
the final H2 acceptor in the electron transport chain
The loss of hydrogen or electrons is k…
oxidation
55 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
stomata
the process of converting solar energy into the chemical ener…
photosynthetic organism that produce their own food
consumers that rely on photosynthetic autotrophs for consumpt…
small openings in the leaf that allow carbon dioxide to enter
photosynthesis
the process of converting solar energy into the chemical ener…
autotrophs
photosynthetic organism that produce their own food
66 terms
AP Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Review
photosynthesis
reduction
oxidation
Adenosine Triphosphate
LIGHT + 6H2O + 6CO2 ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2; the process that is u…
the process used to describe when something is being made. al…
the process used to describe when something is being taken ap…
the main source of energy for all living things. This molecul…
photosynthesis
LIGHT + 6H2O + 6CO2 ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2; the process that is u…
reduction
the process used to describe when something is being made. al…
10 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration/Photosynthesis
End Products of Glycolysis
End Products of Calvin Cycle
End Products of ETC
Lactic Acid Fermentation
4 net ATP, 2 pyruvate, 2 NADH
ATP, 3 NADH, 2CO2, FADH2 (per pyruvate)
H+, H2O, ATP, NAD, FAD
2ATP, NAD, 2 Pyruvate, Lactic Acid
End Products of Glycolysis
4 net ATP, 2 pyruvate, 2 NADH
End Products of Calvin Cycle
ATP, 3 NADH, 2CO2, FADH2 (per pyruvate)
79 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
6CO2+6H2O---> C6H12O6+6O2
carbon dioxide and water
glucose and oxygen
Sun--->autotroph--->consumer--->decomp…
The equation for photosynthesis
What are the reactants or the raw material for photosynthesis?
What are the products of photosynthesis?
Diagram the one way flow of energy on the Earth starting with…
6CO2+6H2O---> C6H12O6+6O2
The equation for photosynthesis
carbon dioxide and water
What are the reactants or the raw material for photosynthesis?
52 terms
AP Biology - photosynthesis & cellular respiration
kreb's cycle
aerobic
anearobic
oxidative phosphorylation
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
requires oxygen
does not require oxygen
energy is released at each step of the chain and is stored in…
kreb's cycle
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
aerobic
requires oxygen
43 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration/Photosynthesis
Equation for cellular respiration
Oxidation
Reduction
Role of NAD+ in respiration
6O2+6H2O===> 6CO2+C6H12O6
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
electron carrier
Equation for cellular respiration
6O2+6H2O===> 6CO2+C6H12O6
Oxidation
loss of electrons
91 terms
AP Biology: 04: Photosynthesis, AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Cuticle
Epidermis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
the outer, waxy covering of a leaf is called the ___
the cuticle is produced by the ___ to protect the leaf from w…
Photosynthesis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
12 terms
AP biology cellular respiration and photosynthesis
Autotroph
Chloroplasts
Krebs cycle
C6H12O6
Organisms that make their own food
Site of the photosynthesis
Precess occures in the mitochondrion
Glycolysis
Autotroph
Organisms that make their own food
Chloroplasts
Site of the photosynthesis
28 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Free Energy
Gibbs free energy
Anabolic
Catabolic
Energy that is available at any point in time, energy that ca…
A measurement of the free energy available.
Reactions that take in energy, usually to build muscle cells…
Reactions that release energy which drive chemical reactions.
Free Energy
Energy that is available at any point in time, energy that ca…
Gibbs free energy
A measurement of the free energy available.
65 terms
Ap biology photosynthesis/ cellular respiration
Mesophyll
Chloroplast
Where are chloroplasts mainly found
Photosynthesis
Tissue of the interior of the leaf
The site of photosynthesis in plants
In the cells of the mesophyll
Converts light energy to the chemical energy of food
Mesophyll
Tissue of the interior of the leaf
Chloroplast
The site of photosynthesis in plants
65 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reaction
reduction
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars tha…
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
chemical reaction in which one or more electrons is transferr…
the addition of electrons to one substance in a redox reaction
fermentation
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars tha…
cellular respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
10 terms
AP Biology- Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
NAD and FAD
oxidation
10 step, anaerobic process that breaks down 1 glucose and rel…
process that starts when acetyl CoA combines with OAA to prod…
coenzymes that carry protons or electrons from glycolysis and…
loss of hydrogen atoms
Glycolysis
10 step, anaerobic process that breaks down 1 glucose and rel…
Krebs Cycle
process that starts when acetyl CoA combines with OAA to prod…
28 terms
AP Biology Cellular respiration and photosynthesis
Aerobic
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
fermentation
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
occurring in the absence of oxygen
oxygen-requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to…
a metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to produce ATP an…
Aerobic
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
anaerobic
occurring in the absence of oxygen
45 terms
AP Biology Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Test
metabolic process that is common to ae…
mitochondrial chemiosmosis
pouring club soda on plant helps it gr…
produces most ATP per glucose molecule…
production of CO2
1) the potential energy released from the mitochondrial proto…
the roots receive more moisture and the leaves are exposed to…
ETC and chemiosmosis
metabolic process that is common to ae…
production of CO2
mitochondrial chemiosmosis
1) the potential energy released from the mitochondrial proto…
60 terms
AP Biology review - respiration and photosynthesis
Describe CO2 fixation and the Calvin c…
Photorespiration decrease the efficien…
What is synthesize across thylakoid me…
Why can C4 plants better at photosynth…
At night when stromata is open, CO2 is fixed and stored in va…
Rubisco
Light reaction - NADPH, O2, ATP
cells which makes a C4 molecules which mesophyll cells export…
Describe CO2 fixation and the Calvin c…
At night when stromata is open, CO2 is fixed and stored in va…
Photorespiration decrease the efficien…
Rubisco
39 terms
AP Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Anaerobic
Aerobic
ATP
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
process that does not require oxygen, such as glycolysis
process that requires oxygen
- ribose sugar, nitrogenous base adenine, chain of three phos…
Glycolysis
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
Anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen, such as glycolysis
65 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reaction
reduction
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars tha…
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
chemical reaction in which one or more electrons is transferr…
the addition of electrons to one substance in a redox reaction
fermentation
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars tha…
cellular respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
49 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Products and Reactants of CR
First stage of CR
What is Glycolysis?
Products/Reactants of Glycolysis
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ----> 6CO2 + 36 ATP + 6H20 + heat
Glycolysis
Glucose is split into two pyruvate. Beginning of fermentation…
C6H12O6+ATP---->2 pyruvate+ 2NADH Net: 2 ATP
Products and Reactants of CR
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ----> 6CO2 + 36 ATP + 6H20 + heat
First stage of CR
Glycolysis
38 terms
PreAP Biology- Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Test
law of conservation of energy
the entropy of the universe is always…
endergonic
exergonic
Summarize the 1st law of thermodynamics.
Summarize the 2nd law of thermodynamics.
absorption of energy
release of energy
law of conservation of energy
Summarize the 1st law of thermodynamics.
the entropy of the universe is always…
Summarize the 2nd law of thermodynamics.
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