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Study sets matching "bio biology 101 chapter 13"

34 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Inheritance (heredity)
genetics
gene
locus
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
hereditary units passed down from one generation to the next
a gene's specific location on the chromosome
Inheritance (heredity)
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
53 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 13
Evolution
Driving force behind Evolution
Natural Selection
People involved in the theory of Evolu…
The change in the genetic make up of a population over time
Natural Selection
Individuals in a population, may have a genotype that has an…
Anaximander, Jean Lamark, Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace
Evolution
The change in the genetic make up of a population over time
Driving force behind Evolution
Natural Selection
46 terms
BIO101 Chapter 13
Thomas Morgan
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
his lab showed genes are located on chromosomes; knew that ch…
discovered transformation; worked with 2 strains of bacterium…
identified the transforming substance as DNA
worked with T2 bacteriphage virus; radioactively tagged DNA a…
Thomas Morgan
his lab showed genes are located on chromosomes; knew that ch…
Frederick Griffith
discovered transformation; worked with 2 strains of bacterium…
23 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Locus
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Hybrid
Location of a gene on a chromsome
Having identical alleles of gene
Having two different alleles of a gene
A heterozygous individual
Locus
Location of a gene on a chromsome
Homozygous
Having identical alleles of gene
34 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Inheritance (heredity)
genetics
gene
locus
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
hereditary units passed down from one generation to the next
a gene's specific location on the chromosome
Inheritance (heredity)
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation.
63 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 13
what does food contain and what are th…
how many calories are in a gram of car…
how many calories are in a gram of fat?
food pyramid
carbohydrates - sugars... proteins - amino acids... fats - fatty ac…
4.1 calories
9.3 calories
fats, oils, sugars... milk, yogurt, cheese... meat, poultry, fish,…
what does food contain and what are th…
carbohydrates - sugars... proteins - amino acids... fats - fatty ac…
how many calories are in a gram of car…
4.1 calories
39 terms
Biology 101, Chapter 13
genetics
heredity
variation
genes
the scientific study of heredity and variation
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
the units of heredity, made up of segments of DNA, passed to…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and variation
heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
33 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 13 Vocab
Bright-Field Microscopy
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cilia
shines light through sample and magnifies the image with a se…
theory that all living organisms are made up of one or more c…
rigid, structural all component that is outside the plasma me…
short, mobile projections on the outer surface of a cell that…
Bright-Field Microscopy
shines light through sample and magnifies the image with a se…
Cell Theory
theory that all living organisms are made up of one or more c…
7 terms
BIO 101- Chapter 13
DNA polymerase
Germ-line cell
Molecular biology
Mutation
X
X
...
...
DNA polymerase
X
Germ-line cell
X
38 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
dominant
Mendel
genotype
allele
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
father of genetics; revolutionized understanding of inheritan…
the particular set of alleles that is carried by an individua…
different molecular forms of a gene (dominant, recessive, hom…
dominant
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
Mendel
father of genetics; revolutionized understanding of inheritan…
16 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 13
biotechnology
uses for biotechnology
Natural DNA recombination
Bacterial transformation
an industrial or commercial use or alteration of organisms, c…
treat diseases, diagnose inherited diseases, learn about the…
occurs through sexual reproduction and bacterial transformati…
bacteria acquire DNA from plasmids or other bacteria
biotechnology
an industrial or commercial use or alteration of organisms, c…
uses for biotechnology
treat diseases, diagnose inherited diseases, learn about the…
29 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 13
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
clone
genetics
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
occurs when two parents give rise to offspring that have uniq…
is a group of genetically identical individuals
is the study of heredity and hereditary variation
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
sexual reproduction
occurs when two parents give rise to offspring that have uniq…
34 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 13
aneuploidy
autosome
bivalent
chiasma
the state of having an abnormal number of copies of a certain…
any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
the structure formed by synapsed homologous chromosomes durin…
the x-shaped structure formed during meiosis by crossing over…
aneuploidy
the state of having an abnormal number of copies of a certain…
autosome
any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
20 terms
BIO 101 CHAPTER 13
Dominant
Genotype
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Refers to an allele that mask the effect of recessive allele…
The particular set of alleles that carried by an individual c…
Having two different alleles of a gene
Having identical alleles of a gene
Dominant
Refers to an allele that mask the effect of recessive allele…
Genotype
The particular set of alleles that carried by an individual c…
chapter 13 bio 101
tens of thousands
locus
multicellular organisms
asexual reproduction ... mitosis
How many genes are present in the human genome?
the precise location of a gene on a chromosome is called a __…
Sexual and asexual reproduction are alike in that they can bo…
A clone is the product of __________ and __________
tens of thousands
How many genes are present in the human genome?
locus
the precise location of a gene on a chromosome is called a __…
21 terms
chapter 13 bio 101
Each gene has a specific locus on a
The particular set of alleles that an…
An individual with two identical allel…
An individual with nonidentical allele…
chromosome
genotype
homozygous
heterozygous
Each gene has a specific locus on a
chromosome
The particular set of alleles that an…
genotype
11 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 13
Adult stem cell (somatic stem cell)
DNA fingerprinting
DNA technology
Embryonic stem cell
undifferentiated cells in the adult body that produce only a…
the process of identifying DNA that is unique to a species, o…
the process of manipulating DNA for research, health, forensi…
one of the main classes of stem cells. ... found only in the em…
Adult stem cell (somatic stem cell)
undifferentiated cells in the adult body that produce only a…
DNA fingerprinting
the process of identifying DNA that is unique to a species, o…
16 terms
Bio 101: Chapter 13
stem cells
tissues
organs
body systems
-immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to m…
are an organized group of cells that work together to carry o…
-are composed of groups of tissues... -layers of tissues... -often…
organs working together
stem cells
-immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to m…
tissues
are an organized group of cells that work together to carry o…
29 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
stem cells
stem cells are important for?
stem cells may hold the key to healing…
tissue
immature cells that divide repeatedly and give rise to more s…
development, growth, and repair of the body
damaged or diseased body parts
organized group of different cell types that work together to…
stem cells
immature cells that divide repeatedly and give rise to more s…
stem cells are important for?
development, growth, and repair of the body
Biology 101: Chapter 13
The scientific study of heredity and v…
The transmission of traits from one ge…
Demonstrated by the differences in app…
The units of heredity, and are made up…
genetics
heredity
variation
genes
The scientific study of heredity and v…
genetics
The transmission of traits from one ge…
heredity
33 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
dominant allele
recessive allele
heterozygous
homozygous
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
refers to an allele with an effect that is masked by a domina…
having two different alleles of a gene
having identical alleles of a gene
dominant allele
refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
recessive allele
refers to an allele with an effect that is masked by a domina…
27 terms
bio 101 chapter 13
genes
Gametes
locus
Asexual reproduction
encoded information in the form of hereditary
transfer of genes from one generation to the next
location
single individual that passes all of its genetic information…
genes
encoded information in the form of hereditary
Gametes
transfer of genes from one generation to the next
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Heredity
Genetics
Variation
Gene
Transmission of traits to future generations... Has variation
Scientific study of heredity and variation
The blending of the genes
Specific sequence of DNA that codes for protein production
Heredity
Transmission of traits to future generations... Has variation
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity and variation
Chapter 13 Bio 101 Sapling
You shed skin cells every day. How are…
Why does a recipient of a liver transp…
Would it be sufficient to just replace…
Relative to one of your liver cells, o…
by mitotic division and differentiation of tissue stem cells
because transplant recipients have to take drugs that suppres…
No, replacement neurons must also make the correct connection…
has the same genome (that is, the same genetic material) & ha…
You shed skin cells every day. How are…
by mitotic division and differentiation of tissue stem cells
Why does a recipient of a liver transp…
because transplant recipients have to take drugs that suppres…
14 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Stem Cells
Tissues
Organs
Body's Systems
Immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to mo…
are an organized of group of cells that work together to carr…
are composed of groups of tissues
Organs work together to form the
Stem Cells
Immature cells that can divide repeatedly and give rise to mo…
Tissues
are an organized of group of cells that work together to carr…
79 terms
Chapter 13 Biology 101
RNA
Ribose
Uracil
mRNA
Single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
Cell organelle consisting of DNA and protein found throughout…
Takes the place of thymine; helps for enzymes to tell DNA and…
Carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acid…
RNA
Single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
Ribose
Cell organelle consisting of DNA and protein found throughout…
38 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 13
In the ninteenth century, people thoug…
Charles Darwin
Gregor Mendel
Mendel's pea plants
some type of fluid, with fluids from both parents blending at…
doubted idea of blending inheritance, but couldn't come up wi…
Austrian monk. Carefully breed thousands of pea plants. by ke…
naturally self-fertilizing. flowers produce both male and fem…
In the ninteenth century, people thoug…
some type of fluid, with fluids from both parents blending at…
Charles Darwin
doubted idea of blending inheritance, but couldn't come up wi…
BIO 101- chapter 13
which of the following are kingdoms fo…
the oldest form of life known to scien…
Cyanbacteria played a crucial role in…
Which of the following events occurred…
- plantae ... - fungi... - animalia... - protista
3.8 billion years ago
Cyanobacteria supplied oxygen to the atmosphere
Formation of Earth - 4.5 billion years ago
which of the following are kingdoms fo…
- plantae ... - fungi... - animalia... - protista
the oldest form of life known to scien…
3.8 billion years ago
22 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 13
Evolution
Creationism
Intelligent Design
Who is Aristotle?
The heritable changes in population over generation that have…
God created life, so species are not subject to change by evo…
The assertion that "certain features of the universe and of l…
Believed in... Fixed species: the belief that species did not c…
Evolution
The heritable changes in population over generation that have…
Creationism
God created life, so species are not subject to change by evo…
10 terms
BIO101 - Chapter 13
Father of genetics - Repeated the pea…
British farmer. First did the pea plan…
Plants grow quickly, no in between tra…
Upper case letter
Gregor Mendel
T.A. Knight
Why did Mendel choose pea plants?
What represents the dominant trait?
Father of genetics - Repeated the pea…
Gregor Mendel
British farmer. First did the pea plan…
T.A. Knight
51 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 13
Cellular Respiration
During cellular metabolism, food molec…
Stage 1 of Metabolism
Stage 2 of Metabolism
Food + O2--> CO2+ H2O+ATP
Broken down into 3 stages
Extracellular in intestinal lumen ... Break down of foods into…
Happens mostly in the cytosol ... Breakdown of simple subunits…
Cellular Respiration
Food + O2--> CO2+ H2O+ATP
During cellular metabolism, food molec…
Broken down into 3 stages
84 terms
Inquiry into Biology Chapter 13 (Bio 30)
Where are endocrine hormones secreted?
Hormones are grouped based on what two…
Nontarget hormones
Target hormones
Into the bloodstream
Activation sites or structures
Affect many cells in the body
Affect a particular type of cell
Where are endocrine hormones secreted?
Into the bloodstream
Hormones are grouped based on what two…
Activation sites or structures
24 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 13
The Galápagos Islands are cooled by th…
How many finch species did Darwin send…
The human immune system cannot effecti…
Imagine that four people are infected…
Humboldt Current ... The Humboldt carries cool water northward f…
13
The HIV virus has an extremely high rate of mutation
Each patient's viral population would be unique, specifically…
The Galápagos Islands are cooled by th…
Humboldt Current ... The Humboldt carries cool water northward f…
How many finch species did Darwin send…
13
36 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
Heredity
Variation
Genetics
Genes
transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
scientific study of heredity and variation
units of heredity and are made up of segments of DNA
Heredity
transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Variation
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
24 terms
Bio 101 chapter 13
Pre-Cambrian
In which time period does Ediacaran Fa…
In which time is life domatinated by s…
What era did all modern animal group a…
formation of the earth, the first organism, primitive bacteria
The end of the precambrain era.
pre-cambrian
palezoic, cambrian period
Pre-Cambrian
formation of the earth, the first organism, primitive bacteria
In which time period does Ediacaran Fa…
The end of the precambrain era.
47 terms
bio 101 chapter 13
the transformation of traits to future…
heredity comes with ____, not exact re…
comes from the blending of genes
scientific study of heredity and varia…
heredity
variations
variations
genetics
the transformation of traits to future…
heredity
heredity comes with ____, not exact re…
variations
14 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13
karyotype
homologous chromosomes
autosomes
diploid cell
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome (22 pairs)
A cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inher…
karyotype
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
homologous chromosomes
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
47 terms
Bio101 Chapter 13
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
difference between RNA and DNA
messenger RNA
transfer RNA
carries DNA information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm
1. RNA contains ribose, not deoxyribose, in its backbone... 2. R…
carries DNA gene information to the ribosome
brings amino acids to the ribosome
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
carries DNA information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm
difference between RNA and DNA
1. RNA contains ribose, not deoxyribose, in its backbone... 2. R…
34 terms
Chapter 13 - Bio 101
Some of your DNA may not code for any…
In populations of the greater prairie…
Which of the following statements rega…
Which of the following statements abou…
They evolve through genetic drift and other chance processes
lost through genetic drift and restored by gene flow
Fins are an adaptation that aid in swimming.
A population that has an increase in frequency of alleles for…
Some of your DNA may not code for any…
They evolve through genetic drift and other chance processes
In populations of the greater prairie…
lost through genetic drift and restored by gene flow
207 terms
Chapter 13-17 Bio 101
epistatis
Quantitative Characters
Pleiotropic
Codominant
the phenotypic expression of a gene at one locus alters that…
an inherited character that is expressed phenotypically in al…
genes that have multiple pheontypic effects ... ex. sickle cell
variation in which the two alleles each affect the phenotype…
epistatis
the phenotypic expression of a gene at one locus alters that…
Quantitative Characters
an inherited character that is expressed phenotypically in al…
36 terms
BIO 101-Chapter 13: Speciation & Extinction
macroevolution
biological species
speciation
prezygotic reproductive isolation
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
A population or group of populations whose members can breed…
the formation of new species. This occurs when members of a p…
A barrier that prevents members of different species from mat…
macroevolution
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
biological species
A population or group of populations whose members can breed…
28 terms
Biology chapter 13 bio
ecology
Community
ecosystem
biome
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
collection of organisms and nonliving things such as climate,…
regional or global community of organisms characterized by th…
ecology
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Community
collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
13 terms
Bio 101: Chapter 13 DNA Replication
Helicase
SSB (Single Strand Binding Protein)
DNA polymerase
3' --> 5'
Protein (Enzyme) in DNA replication that unzips the double he…
Protein (Enzyme) that binds to DNA strands to stabilize the r…
D: Protein (enzyme) that synthesizes new 5'-->3' strand using…
the leading strand of dna goes in a ___ --> ___ direction
Helicase
Protein (Enzyme) in DNA replication that unzips the double he…
SSB (Single Strand Binding Protein)
Protein (Enzyme) that binds to DNA strands to stabilize the r…
16 terms
Bio 101: Chapter 13 DNA Basics
DNA
nucleotides
phosphate... deoxyribose sugar... nitrogenou…
Cytosine
What is the largest single molecule ever discovered
known as the backbone of DNA
the backbone nucleotides of dna consist of these three things
Guanine pairs with ___
DNA
What is the largest single molecule ever discovered
nucleotides
known as the backbone of DNA
Bio 101 Chapter 13 terms
3' end
5' end
adenine (A)
antiparallel
th other chain with a free 3′ hydroxyl group.
one chain with a free 5′ phosphate group.
purine (nucleotide)
opposite directions (Chains of DNA)
3' end
th other chain with a free 3′ hydroxyl group.
5' end
one chain with a free 5′ phosphate group.
13 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 13 Vocabulary (ashell)
heredity
genetics
gene
gametes
transmission of traits to future generations with variations
scientific study of heredity and variation
specific sequence of DNA that codes for protein production; u…
reproductive cells that contain 23 chromosomes in humans
heredity
transmission of traits to future generations with variations
genetics
scientific study of heredity and variation
63 terms
Bio 101 chapter 13-14
Central Dogma
Chargaff's rule
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Deoxyribose
The replication of DNA, Transcription of DNA into RNA, and th…
1.) The base composition off DNA varies between species... 2.) I…
The "backbone" of the DNA, or the part that holds it all toge…
The sugar in DNA
Central Dogma
The replication of DNA, Transcription of DNA into RNA, and th…
Chargaff's rule
1.) The base composition off DNA varies between species... 2.) I…
26 terms
BIO CHAPTER 13 Biology more
selective breeding
inbreeding
difference between plants and animals
hybrids
process of breeding plants and animals for particular genetic…
mating between closely related individuals
inbreeding can bring out harmful, recessive traits in animals…
offspring of parents that have different forms of a trait
selective breeding
process of breeding plants and animals for particular genetic…
inbreeding
mating between closely related individuals
15 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 13 Meiosis
Heredity
Genetics
Gene
Gametes
Transmission of traits to future generations... with a variation…
Scientific study of heredity and variation
Specific sequence of DNA that codes for protein production. E…
These are reproductive and haploid cells that contain half of…
Heredity
Transmission of traits to future generations... with a variation…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity and variation
41 terms
Bio 101- chapter 13 & 31
antibody
interferons
primary immune response
secondary immune response
protein produced by the immune system's B cells that is tailo…
type of cytokine produced by infected cells in response to vi…
occurs slowly, activates relatively few immune cells
occurs quickly, activates large number of immune cells
antibody
protein produced by the immune system's B cells that is tailo…
interferons
type of cytokine produced by infected cells in response to vi…
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