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Study sets matching "bio biology 101 structure function"

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Study sets matching "bio biology 101 structure function"

15 terms
Bio 101: Membrane Structure & Function
Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model Of The Plasma Membr…
Membrane Proteins
Major Functions Of Membrane Proteins
Substance to cross... Primary of phosopholpids
Fluid... Mosaic
Determine membrane functions... Penetrate the hydrophobic ... Attac…
Transport ... Enzyme Activity ... Signal transduction ... Cell 2 Cell…
Plasma Membrane
Substance to cross... Primary of phosopholpids
Fluid Mosaic Model Of The Plasma Membr…
Fluid... Mosaic
36 terms
BIO101 Cell Structure & Function
List 3 part of Cell Theory
What is the differ between Prokaryotic…
Composed of a phospolipid bi-layer & p…
Composed of rigid cellulose & surround…
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) Cells are small…
EUKARYOTIC Cells have a Nucleus & membrane-bound structures c…
(part of ) Plasma Membrane (a-c)
Cell Walls
List 3 part of Cell Theory
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) Cells are small…
What is the differ between Prokaryotic…
EUKARYOTIC Cells have a Nucleus & membrane-bound structures c…
32 terms
Bio 101 Animal Structure and Function
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissues that lines body cavities, ducts, tubes, and forms ski…
thin and flat epithelial cells that function in diffusion, se…
short and square epithelial cells responsible for secretion a…
tall and column-shaped epithelial cells with cilia at their s…
epithelial tissue
tissues that lines body cavities, ducts, tubes, and forms ski…
squamous
thin and flat epithelial cells that function in diffusion, se…
13 terms
Structure and Functions of the Cell BIO101
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
rough ER
composed of cellulose. maintains the shape of the cell, stren…
selectively permeable and controls the movement of substances…
present in the cell membrane and contain all organelles and c…
has ribosomes on the surface. ribosomes synthesize proteins a…
cell wall
composed of cellulose. maintains the shape of the cell, stren…
cell membrane
selectively permeable and controls the movement of substances…
40 terms
Biology 101 - Membrane Structure and Function
amphipathic molecules
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
freeze-fracture
have dual functions
most abundant molecule in plasma membrane, has hydrophilic he…
states that membrane is fluid structure with a "mosaic" of va…
specialized preparation technique that splits a membrane alon…
amphipathic molecules
have dual functions
phospholipid
most abundant molecule in plasma membrane, has hydrophilic he…
45 terms
Bio 101: Structure and Function In Animal Tissue
Anatomy
Physiology
Animals Consist of Hierarchy or Levels…
Tissue
Study of Structure
Study of function
Tissues, Organs and Organ systems
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Anatomy
Study of Structure
Physiology
Study of function
20 terms
Membrane Structure & Function Chapter 5 BIO 101
What are the functions of the cell mem…
What is the fluid mosaic model?
What are the main components of the ce…
Cell membrane
Allow for physical separation between a cell and its external…
The "fluid" part refers to the hydrophobic fatty tails that c…
cholesterol... proteins
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Allow for physical separation between a cell and its external…
What is the fluid mosaic model?
The "fluid" part refers to the hydrophobic fatty tails that c…
10 terms
BIO 101 Lab: Cell Structure and Function
Organelles
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cell
-Structure inside cell that performs specific function... -Most…
-No nucleus... -No membrane-bound organelles... --Ribosomes... -Most…
-Nucleus... -Membrane-bound organelles... --And ribosomes... -They ar…
Organelles
-Structure inside cell that performs specific function... -Most…
Prokaryotic cells
-No nucleus... -No membrane-bound organelles... --Ribosomes... -Most…
42 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 7 Membrane Structure and Function
Selective Permeability
Cellular Membrane Structure
Fluid Mosaic Model
Membrane Fluidity
plasma membrane... some substances cross more easily than others…
phospholipids and proteins
membrane- fluid structure... mosaic of various proteins embedded…
Phospholipids in the plasma membrane can move with the bilaye…
Selective Permeability
plasma membrane... some substances cross more easily than others…
Cellular Membrane Structure
phospholipids and proteins
16 terms
Bio 101 - Cell Structure and Function - chapter 3
plasma membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
surrounds the cell and keeps it intact, regulates what enters…
is the control center of the cell
if the portion of the cell between the nucleus and the plasma…
is a network of interconnected filaments and microtubules in…
plasma membrane
surrounds the cell and keeps it intact, regulates what enters…
nucleus
is the control center of the cell
105 terms
Biology 101 Ch.03 Cell Structure and Function
Which of the following contain a nucle…
Which of the following is true of the…
Which of the following is a function o…
Diffusion is the movement of molecules…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
d. They are made of tough fiber
d. Regulates which materials enters and leaves the cell
b. High to low concentration
Which of the following contain a nucle…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
Which of the following is true of the…
d. They are made of tough fiber
15 terms
Biology 101 - Lesson 4: Cell Structure and Function
Phospholipids are
The likely reason why cells are small…
All cells possess all of the following…
All living organisms have:
found in cell membranes.
True.... (Diffusion, a natural process used by the cells to pass…
a nuclear membrane.... (Remember only eukaryotic cells possess a…
DNA
Phospholipids are
found in cell membranes.
The likely reason why cells are small…
True.... (Diffusion, a natural process used by the cells to pass…
53 terms
BIO 101 CHPT 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Surface-area-to-volume Ratio
Prokaryotic Cell
Basic unit of life/smallest unit of living matter
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
As cell size decreases the surface-area-to-volume ratio incre…
A cell that lacks a membrane bound nucleus.
Cell
Basic unit of life/smallest unit of living matter
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
36 terms
chapter 5 bio 101, membrane structure and function
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
membrane structure
phospholipids
boundary of cell, regulates movement of substances into and o…
model for membrane structure
lipids- provide structure... proteins- provide a variety of func…
major components, head of phospholipids- has glycerol and pho…
plasma membrane
boundary of cell, regulates movement of substances into and o…
fluid mosaic model
model for membrane structure
105 terms
Biology 101 Ch.03 Cell Structure and Function
Which of the following contain a nucle…
Which of the following is true of the…
Which of the following is a function o…
Diffusion is the movement of molecules…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
d. They are made of tough fiber
d. Regulates which materials enters and leaves the cell
b. High to low concentration
Which of the following contain a nucle…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
Which of the following is true of the…
d. They are made of tough fiber
44 terms
chapter 4 cell structure and function, bio 101
cell theory
Features common to all cell
characteristics of prokaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
Cell is the basic unit of life both structurally no functiona…
Cell membrane or plasma membranes, region containing DNA, cyt…
Lack a membrane bound nucleus, And lack membrane bound organe…
Smallest simplest cells
cell theory
Cell is the basic unit of life both structurally no functiona…
Features common to all cell
Cell membrane or plasma membranes, region containing DNA, cyt…
38 terms
Chapter 5 for bio 101, membrane structure and function
Plasma membrane
Fluid mosaic model
Membrane structure
Phospholipids
Boundary of cell, regulates movement of substances into and o…
Model for membrane structure
Lipids- provide structure ... Proteins- provide a variety of fun…
Major components ... Head of phospholipid- has glycerol and phos…
Plasma membrane
Boundary of cell, regulates movement of substances into and o…
Fluid mosaic model
Model for membrane structure
57 terms
Bio 101: Chapter 7: Membrane Structure and Function
plasma membrane
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
The __ is the boundary that separates the living cell from it…
The plasma membrane exhibits __. This allows some substances…
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
The ___ states that a membrane is a fluid structure with a "m…
plasma membrane
The __ is the boundary that separates the living cell from it…
selective permeability
The plasma membrane exhibits __. This allows some substances…
25 terms
BIO101 - Ch. 3 Protein Structure and Function
amino acid
monomer
polymer
macromolecule
building blocks of protein
"one-part"; a molecule subunit; ex) amino acid, nucleotide, o…
"many-parts"; molecule composed of small units bonded togethe…
very large molecule that is made up of smaller molecules join…
amino acid
building blocks of protein
monomer
"one-part"; a molecule subunit; ex) amino acid, nucleotide, o…
36 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
* 3 principles of modern cell theory
What is Number 1?
What is Number 2?
What is Number 3?
...
All living things are made up of cells.
The smallest living things are single cells
Cells arise from pre existing cells.
* 3 principles of modern cell theory
...
What is Number 1?
All living things are made up of cells.
42 terms
biology 101 Chapter 5. Membrane Structure and Function
active transport
adhesion junction
aquaporin
bulk transport -
-Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule…
-Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membrane…
- Channel protein through which water can diffuse across a me…
Movement of substances, usually large particles, across the p…
active transport
-Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule…
adhesion junction
-Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membrane…
42 terms
Bio 101 chapter 5 Membrane Structure & Function
membranes
cholesterol
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
made of phospholipid bilayer; creates separation b/w the cell…
lipid in animal plasma membrane
"water loving"
"water fearing"
membranes
made of phospholipid bilayer; creates separation b/w the cell…
cholesterol
lipid in animal plasma membrane
107 terms
Jeffco Biology 101 Animal ( Human ) Structure & Function
What did each organizational level wor…
A structure that has a definite form &…
A group of organs functioning together…
An organ composed of muscle, epithelia…
Homeostasis
Organ
Organ system
The heart.
What did each organizational level wor…
Homeostasis
A structure that has a definite form &…
Organ
63 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 4- Cell Structure and Function
Light Microscope
Electron Microscopes
SEM microscope
TEM microscope
Basic microscope, glass lenses, magnifies 1000x... Uses: General…
Tungsten filament, magnetic lenses. SEM and TEM
Scans Surfaces 100,000x
Transmission, internal structures, 200,000x
Light Microscope
Basic microscope, glass lenses, magnifies 1000x... Uses: General…
Electron Microscopes
Tungsten filament, magnetic lenses. SEM and TEM
42 terms
Biology 101 - The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
condensation/dehydration reaction
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
a long molecule consisting of many similar, small building bl…
a small building blocks of a polymer
when two monomers bond together through the loss of a water m…
macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar, small building bl…
35 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Antione van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Matthais Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
first person to see and describe microorganisms
published book called Micrographia, credited as first person…
stated that all plants are made of cells
stated that all animals are made of cells
Antione van Leeuwenhoek
first person to see and describe microorganisms
Robert Hooke
published book called Micrographia, credited as first person…
10 terms
Biology 101: Introduction to Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
All Cells
Basic Types of cells:
Classification of cells based on nutri…
A) All organisms composed of 1 or more cells... B) Cells are bas…
A) Bounded by cell membranes (plasma membrane) - separates in…
Every organism is composed of only one of these cell types: 3…
A) heterotrophic = cells or organisms that depend on an outsi…
Cell Theory
A) All organisms composed of 1 or more cells... B) Cells are bas…
All Cells
A) Bounded by cell membranes (plasma membrane) - separates in…
17 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 3: Protein Structure and Function
what are the four types of atoms that…
amino acids ionize in what?
3 types of amino acid r groups:
if the r group in your amino acid does…
1. H - a hydrogen atom... 2. NH2 - an amino functional group... 3.…
water (the concentration of protons in water (pH of 7) causes…
1. acidic/basic... 2. uncharged polar... 3. nonpolar... does the r gr…
nonpolar amino acid
what are the four types of atoms that…
1. H - a hydrogen atom... 2. NH2 - an amino functional group... 3.…
amino acids ionize in what?
water (the concentration of protons in water (pH of 7) causes…
29 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 4 Cell structure and Function
the function of a ribosome is to read…
Ribosomes can be attached or _____ flo…
Nucleus contains information for _____…
DNA from the nucleus is read onto what…
mrna, polypeptide,
free
protein
mrna
the function of a ribosome is to read…
mrna, polypeptide,
Ribosomes can be attached or _____ flo…
free
29 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter 3 -> Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic Cells (Before Cells)
Eukaryotic Cells (New Cells)
Robert Hooke
Schleiden (Plants), Schwann (Animal) a…
- Small ... - Primitive... - Lacks membrane that has certain geneti…
- Large ... - Complex... - Organelles ... - Nucleus ... Contain Genetic m…
- Coin (make) the term "Cell"... - Increased magnification of th…
These three (3) scientists came up with the Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells (Before Cells)
- Small ... - Primitive... - Lacks membrane that has certain geneti…
Eukaryotic Cells (New Cells)
- Large ... - Complex... - Organelles ... - Nucleus ... Contain Genetic m…
36 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter #4 - Membrane Structure and Function
Plasma Membrane
Glycocalyx (Plasma Membrane)
Plasma Membrane Proteins
Peripheral Protein
- Regulates the entrance and exit of molecules into and out o…
Fuzzy appearance of the cell due to carbohydrate chains on mo…
- Peripheral Protein... - Integral Proteins (Transmembrane)
- Can be found on the inside or on the outside of the membran…
Plasma Membrane
- Regulates the entrance and exit of molecules into and out o…
Glycocalyx (Plasma Membrane)
Fuzzy appearance of the cell due to carbohydrate chains on mo…
29 terms
Bio 101 Chp 4: Cell Structure and Function
Which of the following organelles is f…
After proteins are formed by the ribos…
Which of the following help direct the…
Which is NOT true about the cell theory?
chloroplast
Golgi apparatus
all of the choices are true
It states that bacteria and other small organisms can arise s…
Which of the following organelles is f…
chloroplast
After proteins are formed by the ribos…
Golgi apparatus
25 terms
Bio 101 Ch. 4 - membrane structure & function
fluid mosaic model
What role does the plasma membrane play?
What is an integral protein?
Types of integral proteins
- plasma membrane has an oil-like consistency through which l…
protect the cellular components from the external environment
span the membrane and can protrude from one or both sides
1. channel proteins - narrow, specific... 2. carrier proteins -…
fluid mosaic model
- plasma membrane has an oil-like consistency through which l…
What role does the plasma membrane play?
protect the cellular components from the external environment
35 terms
Bio 101 Structures and functions of the Urinary System
Kidney
Renal capsule
Hilum/Hilus
Two major regions of kidneys
Largest most complex organs of the urinary system; Bean shape…
Highly vascular; protective outer layer of kidney
Medial surface of kidney; concave; entrance of nerves,ureters…
Cortex and Medulla
Kidney
Largest most complex organs of the urinary system; Bean shape…
Renal capsule
Highly vascular; protective outer layer of kidney
14 terms
BIO101 structures of the integumentary system/functions
layers of the epidermis*
how many layers in the epidermis
how many layers in the dermis
what are the layers of the dermis*
stratum corneum... stratum lucidum... stratum granulosum... stratum sp…
5
2
papillary layer (on top) and reticular layer (underneath papi…
layers of the epidermis*
stratum corneum... stratum lucidum... stratum granulosum... stratum sp…
how many layers in the epidermis
5
28 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 05: Membrane Structure and Function
A major chemical that regulates the fl…
Proteins in a membrane are: A. periphe…
Which of the following protein functio…
Active transport
All of the choices are correct.
All of the choices are correct.
channel proteins-block the activity of carrier proteins
requires an input of ATP.
A major chemical that regulates the fl…
All of the choices are correct.
Proteins in a membrane are: A. periphe…
All of the choices are correct.
18 terms
Biology 101 chapter 4: cell structure and function
Smallest unit that shows the propertie…
Plasma
Nucleus is in eukaryotic cells t or f ?
Nucleoid region in prokaryotic cells t…
Cell
Controls substances passing in and out of the cell
True
True
Smallest unit that shows the propertie…
Cell
Plasma
Controls substances passing in and out of the cell
12 terms
BIO 101 structures of the urinary system/functions
kidneys*
two major regions of kidney*
other regions of kidney*
nephron*
largest, most complex organ of the urinary system
cortex - the outside wrap... medulla - the meat
renal pyramids... renal columns... minor calyces... major calyces... rena…
glomerulus and the glomerular/bowmans capsule
kidneys*
largest, most complex organ of the urinary system
two major regions of kidney*
cortex - the outside wrap... medulla - the meat
29 terms
Chapte 5: Membrane function & Structure Bio 101 Terms
Phospholipid bilayer
Membrane Protein
Integral proteins
peripheral proteins
stable boundary between two aqueous compartments because the…
...
penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the bilayer
not embedded in the bilayer at all
Phospholipid bilayer
stable boundary between two aqueous compartments because the…
Membrane Protein
...
10 terms
BIO101 structures of the respiratory system/functions
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea*
warms, filters, and moistens air... sense of smell... modifies speech
(throat) ... nasopharynx: most superior portion of the pharynx... o…
houses the vocal cords and is often called the voice box
passageway for air to the lungs... bifurcates into the right and…
nasal cavity
warms, filters, and moistens air... sense of smell... modifies speech
pharynx
(throat) ... nasopharynx: most superior portion of the pharynx... o…
55 terms
BIO 101-Chapter 7: DNA Structure and Gene Function
RNA (ribonucleic acid)
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
nucleotides
complementary
Nucleic acid composed of monomers consisting of the five-carb…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The building blocks of nucleic acids include sugars, nitrogen…
In DNA and RNA, the precise pairing of purines (A and G) to p…
RNA (ribonucleic acid)
Nucleic acid composed of monomers consisting of the five-carb…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
61 terms
BIO 101 Structures and Functions of the Nervous System
Nervious System consist of two main su…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain
Spinal Cord
The Central Nervous System (CNS)... The Peripheral Nervous Syste…
Divided into two sections (brain and spinal cord)
Enclosed by skull... Contains about 100 billion neurons... 12 pairs…
Connects to brain though the foramen magnum of the skull
Nervious System consist of two main su…
The Central Nervous System (CNS)... The Peripheral Nervous Syste…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Divided into two sections (brain and spinal cord)
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
26 terms
BIO101 Structures and Functions of the Male Reproductive System
Male Reproductive System
Testes
Scrotum
Gamete
_______________ comprised of the testes, a ductal system, and…
two oval shaped organs that lie outside the abdominal cavity…
A. Sac-like structure suspended outside the body inferior to…
a male or female reproductive cell
Male Reproductive System
_______________ comprised of the testes, a ductal system, and…
Testes
two oval shaped organs that lie outside the abdominal cavity…
18 terms
Bio 101 structures and functions of the endocrine system
Gland
Exocrine gland
Endocrine gland
Hormone
Specialized epithelial cell or cells that secrete substances
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secretes hormones directly into the interstitial fluid
A chemical produced in the body, that is secreted by the endo…
Gland
Specialized epithelial cell or cells that secrete substances
Exocrine gland
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
44 terms
BIO 353 Cell biology Lecture 9 - Membrane structure and function
What are the five major functions of m…
Major membrane lipids
Basic structure of a phospholipid
What are the primary functions of phos…
1) Boundary and permeability barriers 2) Working platforms/su…
1) phospholipid ... 2) Sphingolipids... 3) Glycolipids... 4) Sterols
two -OH groups of glycerol are linked to fatty acids, the thi…
the length fatty acid tails and amount of fatty acid saturati…
What are the five major functions of m…
1) Boundary and permeability barriers 2) Working platforms/su…
Major membrane lipids
1) phospholipid ... 2) Sphingolipids... 3) Glycolipids... 4) Sterols
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
33 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers => Polymers
Polymers => Monomers
large molecules composed of smaller molecules... types... -carbohyd…
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks call…
dehydration (condensation reaction) ... removes water from the m…
Hydrolysis... adds water to molecule breaking the bond
Macromolecules
large molecules composed of smaller molecules... types... -carbohyd…
Polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks call…
15 terms
Biology 101 - Lesson 5: Cell Membrane Structure and Function
Which statement describes the process…
Water moves across a membrane toward a…
Which of the following types of membra…
Which of the following is an energy-re…
movement of molecules down their concentration gradient
False.
receptor proteins
receptor-mediated endocytosis
Which statement describes the process…
movement of molecules down their concentration gradient
Water moves across a membrane toward a…
False.
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