Study sets matching "bio biology 101"

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Study sets matching "bio biology 101"

Biology 101-exam 3
Catabolic process
Fermentation
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
produces energy without oxygen
cellular respiration, most efficient, oxygen and sugar consum…
Catabolic process
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
Fermentation
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
20 terms
bio101
A carbon atom can form up to _____ cov…
L-dopa is used to treat _____.
What kind of effect does D-dopa have o…
Enantiomers are molecules that _____.
4
Parkinson's disease
none
are mirror images
A carbon atom can form up to _____ cov…
4
L-dopa is used to treat _____.
Parkinson's disease
113 terms
Biology 101 Exam 2
Denaturation
Enzymes
Metabolism
Energy
Process of unzipping protein - leads to a loss of activity -…
Proteins that can catalyze biochemical reactions - lower ener…
Input and output of energy
Ability to do work - cannot be created or destroyed
Denaturation
Process of unzipping protein - leads to a loss of activity -…
Enzymes
Proteins that can catalyze biochemical reactions - lower ener…
138 terms
BIOS 101 Exam 3
Adaptive Landscape
Genetic Drift
Founder Effect
Introducing domestic animals to islands
Fitness (across the Y axis)... All phenotypes (across the X axis…
Alleles get lost over time of due to sampling error.... stronge…
A new population founded by a handful of individuals. (Amish,…
Through genetic drift, over time they will adapt to the habit…
Adaptive Landscape
Fitness (across the Y axis)... All phenotypes (across the X axis…
Genetic Drift
Alleles get lost over time of due to sampling error.... stronge…
Biology 101- exam 4
Genome
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Sister chromatids
An organisms complete collection of DNA
Complex of DNA and proteins in a condensed format
Complex of DNA and proteins (histones)
Identical bonded chromosomes, same genetic material
Genome
An organisms complete collection of DNA
Chromosomes
Complex of DNA and proteins in a condensed format
36 terms
Bio 101 Exam 1
Taxa with the most species
# of species on Earth with name & desc…
Maquis & Whelan bird exclosure experim…
# of species living in a given place a…
insects
2 million
(1) extent of leaf damage by herbivore insects... (2) density of…
alpha density
Taxa with the most species
insects
# of species on Earth with name & desc…
2 million
Biology 101-exam 3
Catabolic process
Fermentation
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
produces energy without oxygen
cellular respiration, most efficient, oxygen and sugar consum…
Catabolic process
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
Fermentation
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
Bio 101
cotyledons
petiole
midvein
stipules
The first leaves to emerge from the seed are the seed leaves
The stem of a leaf
runs down the center of the leaf
small attachments where the leaf meets the stem of the plant
cotyledons
The first leaves to emerge from the seed are the seed leaves
petiole
The stem of a leaf
81 terms
Bio 101 Molumby (genetics)
genetics
genetic material
reproduction
gene
study of the process which information is transmitted from on…
every living thing is organized via coded information
involves duplication and transmission of an organisms genetic…
an information entity ... a sequence of DNA code for a single ge…
genetics
study of the process which information is transmitted from on…
genetic material
every living thing is organized via coded information
101 terms
Bio101
Population interactions
Community Interactions
Competition
Parasitic
Interactions within a species
Interactions between different species
-,- (waste resources)
+,-
Population interactions
Interactions within a species
Community Interactions
Interactions between different species
53 terms
bio101
The unequal sharing of electrons withi…
The tendency of an atom to pull electr…
what type of bond is found between the…
Water is moving up the tree as it ____…
polar
electronegativity
polar covalent
evaporates
The unequal sharing of electrons withi…
polar
The tendency of an atom to pull electr…
electronegativity
55 terms
BIO 101
Inductive Logic
Deductive logic
Matter
True
inference of a generalized conclusion based on observation
inference of the specific or particular of an area based on g…
- anything that takes up space... - made up of elements in pure…
True or False: There are 92 naturally occurring elements
Inductive Logic
inference of a generalized conclusion based on observation
Deductive logic
inference of the specific or particular of an area based on g…
biology 101
acidic
neutral
basic
H+
The term for a solution with a low pH number, such as lemon j…
The term for a solution that has an equal concentration of H+…
The term for a solution with a high pH number, such as ammoni…
An acid is a compound that donates ____ to a solution
acidic
The term for a solution with a low pH number, such as lemon j…
neutral
The term for a solution that has an equal concentration of H+…
Bio 101
Major macromolecules of life
Components of carbohydrate
Components of lipids
Components of proteins
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Sugar
Fatty acid + glycerol
Carboxyl group, amine group, R group
Major macromolecules of life
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Components of carbohydrate
Sugar
177 terms
WVU BIO 101 final
Hypothesis
Theory
Science
Scientific thinking
proposed explanation for a phenomenon
hypothesis exceptionally well-supported by the data, and with…
Intellectual activity, encompassing observation, description,…
relies on rational, testable and repeatable observations
Hypothesis
proposed explanation for a phenomenon
Theory
hypothesis exceptionally well-supported by the data, and with…
Biology 101
Intermolecular attractions
Polar molecule
Properties of water
Nonpolar molecules
Attraction between molecules
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
Very polar... Adhesion... Cohesion... High specific heat... High heat of…
Symmetrical or balanced molecule... Hydrophobic
Intermolecular attractions
Attraction between molecules
Polar molecule
Asymmetric molecule hydrophilic
111 terms
Biology 101 Quiz 1
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
All environments on earth that support life
All organisms and physical components (Air,soil,H20)
Entire array of organisms
Particular species (Alligators)
Biosphere
All environments on earth that support life
Ecosystem
All organisms and physical components (Air,soil,H20)
81 terms
bio 101
all living things
cell theory
homeostasis
ATP
1) have an organization based on the cell... 2) maintain an inte…
cell is basic unit of life
remains the same
universal energy carrier
all living things
1) have an organization based on the cell... 2) maintain an inte…
cell theory
cell is basic unit of life
24 terms
Bio 101 Diversity of Plants
Alternation of Generations
Plant Adaptaion
Plant Adaptation (some plants)
Plant Adaptation (Reproduction)
The development of roots that anchor and absorb nutrients fro…
The presence of conducting cells that transport water and min…
Plant embryos are protected, and some sex cells can disperse…
Alternation of Generations
Plant Adaptaion
The development of roots that anchor and absorb nutrients fro…
103 terms
BIO 101
How is your grade determined in this c…
Mastering Biology homework will be pos…
Pete and Toshi Seeger are an example of:
Which of the following is not a main g…
Exam grades = 85% Homework grade = 15%
Friday, Wednesday
People who are science literate
(Main goal:) Make you science and biologically literate and t…
How is your grade determined in this c…
Exam grades = 85% Homework grade = 15%
Mastering Biology homework will be pos…
Friday, Wednesday
562 terms
BIO 101
The basic structures of matter
Element
Atom
Ion
1. Element... 2. Atom... 3. Ion... 4. Molecule... 5. Compound
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance…
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
An atom with a positive or negative charge because it has une…
The basic structures of matter
1. Element... 2. Atom... 3. Ion... 4. Molecule... 5. Compound
Element
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance…
bio 101
DNA
Genetic Code
Charles Darwin
Natural Selection
Dioxyribonucleic acid, all cells have it
base pair > gene > chromosome > genome
wrote Origin of Species (1859), returned to science community…
mechanism that causes change; overproduction > struggle to su…
DNA
Dioxyribonucleic acid, all cells have it
Genetic Code
base pair > gene > chromosome > genome
Bio 101
Steps of scientific method
Medicine Steps
Is medicine same as scientific meth. ?
Crime steps
1. Observe 2. Question 3. Hypothesis 4. Test 5. Accept/Reject
1. Observe 2. Question 3. Diagnosis 4. Treatment (medicine)
1st 3 the same then goes diff
1. Observe 2. Question 3. Theory 4. test- EVIDENCE
Steps of scientific method
1. Observe 2. Question 3. Hypothesis 4. Test 5. Accept/Reject
Medicine Steps
1. Observe 2. Question 3. Diagnosis 4. Treatment (medicine)
bio 101
organelle synthesizing protein
a depression in or on a bone
which chambers of the heart carries de…
most important and abundant inorganic…
ribsome
fossa
right atrium and ventricle
H20
organelle synthesizing protein
ribsome
a depression in or on a bone
fossa
21 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 9
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anerobic respiration
redox reaction
partial degradation of of sugars or other organic fuel that o…
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
catabolic pathway in which substances other than oxygen are u…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
partial degradation of of sugars or other organic fuel that o…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
Bio 101
Energy causes molecules to diffuse out…
Heat causes ________ _______ of molecu…
This motion was originally described i…
In biological systems, substances ofte…
Kinetic
random motion
1827
diffusion
Energy causes molecules to diffuse out…
Kinetic
Heat causes ________ _______ of molecu…
random motion
145 terms
Bio 101
Biology
Emergent properties
Biosphere
Ecosystem
The study of life
result from the interactions between components
Consists of all life on earth and all the places where life e…
Consists of all the living things in a particular area, along…
Biology
The study of life
Emergent properties
result from the interactions between components
53 terms
bio101
The innermost electron shell of an ato…
The number of protons is equal to the…
What determines the types of chemical…
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
2 electrons
uncharged atom
the number of electrons in the outermost electron shell
6
The innermost electron shell of an ato…
2 electrons
The number of protons is equal to the…
uncharged atom
68 terms
Biology 101
coarse vs. fine adjustment knobs
parts of a microscope
Scanner objective
Low objective
Coarse: larger, used in low perspective... Fine adjustment knob:…
arm and base, eyepiece, scanner, low, and high power objectiv…
4x: used to search for part of specimen
Magnifies the object ten times (10×)
coarse vs. fine adjustment knobs
Coarse: larger, used in low perspective... Fine adjustment knob:…
parts of a microscope
arm and base, eyepiece, scanner, low, and high power objectiv…
132 terms
Biology 101: Cell Biology
order
reproduction
growth and development
energy processing
ordered structure, living cells make up complex organization
reproduce their own kind
inherited information in the form of DNA controls pattern of…
chemical energy stored in food to power its own activities an…
order
ordered structure, living cells make up complex organization
reproduction
reproduce their own kind
31 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 1
biosphere
ecosystem
communities
populations
consists of all life on earth and all places where life exists
consists of all living things in a particular area along with…
the array of organisms inhabiting a particular ecosystem
consist of all the individuals of a species living within the…
biosphere
consists of all life on earth and all places where life exists
ecosystem
consists of all living things in a particular area along with…
biology 101 quiz 2
Fluid mosaic model
passive transport
osmosis
tonicity
diverse protein molecules suspended in a fluid phospholipid b…
occurs with the concentration gradient
movement of water
ability of solution to cause a cell to gain or lose water
Fluid mosaic model
diverse protein molecules suspended in a fluid phospholipid b…
passive transport
occurs with the concentration gradient
140 terms
Bio 101
Human Blood
Simple Squamous
Simple Squamous
Simple Cubidol
Identify RBC's, WBC's, plasma, and platelets
Human Blood
Identify RBC's, WBC's, plasma, and platelets
Simple Squamous
Biology 101 chapter 1
Biology
Levels of biological organization
Characteristics of Living Organisms
A cell is ...
the scientific study of life
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
Are organized... Acquire materials and energy... Reproduce... Respond…
the smallest unit of life.
Biology
the scientific study of life
Levels of biological organization
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Organ…
13 terms
Bio 101
Gastropods
bivalves
cephalopods
four groups of mollusks
snails and slugs
clams, oysters
octopus and squid
gastropods, bivalves, chitons, cephalopods
Gastropods
snails and slugs
bivalves
clams, oysters
262 terms
BIO 101
7 Characteristics of Life
emergent properties
What is the smallest unit of life?
Prokaryotic **later
order, reproduction, growth and development, energy processin…
when things together can do more than the individual parts (c…
cell
no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, different ribosomes…
7 Characteristics of Life
order, reproduction, growth and development, energy processin…
emergent properties
when things together can do more than the individual parts (c…
175 terms
BIO 101
List the characteristics possessed by…
What are the four major concepts in bi…
What are the specific functions that o…
Four macromolecules
energy... Cellular organization... Information... Reproduction... Evoluti…
Evolution... Basic Unit of life is a cell... All living things shar…
process information (nucleus)... Manufacture proteins and other…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
List the characteristics possessed by…
energy... Cellular organization... Information... Reproduction... Evoluti…
What are the four major concepts in bi…
Evolution... Basic Unit of life is a cell... All living things shar…
BIO 101
Element
Atom
Ion
Molecule
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
An atom with a positive or negative charge because it has une…
two or more atoms sharing electrons
Element
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance
Atom
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
Bio 101
Epithelial Tissues
Connective ... Tissue
Loose Connective tissue
Fibrous Connective tissue
Sheets of closely packed cells that cover body surfaces and l…
Tissue that binds and supports other tissues. There are six m…
Widespread connective tissue that consists of ropelike collag…
Connective tissue that has densely packed collagen fibers and…
Epithelial Tissues
Sheets of closely packed cells that cover body surfaces and l…
Connective ... Tissue
Tissue that binds and supports other tissues. There are six m…
Bio 101
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Cuvier
Hutton
created the idea of categories- that there were similarities…
a taxonomist- created the classification system (still used t…
developed paleontology ... he noticed the change/appearance of…
geologic evidence can be explained by gradual progression
Aristotle
created the idea of categories- that there were similarities…
Linnaeus
a taxonomist- created the classification system (still used t…
Bio101
Biology
Professor Keck studies ___________
Science
Three domains of life
The study of living organisms
Ichthyology
The process of using observations and experiments to draw con…
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Biology
The study of living organisms
Professor Keck studies ___________
Ichthyology
35 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 7
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral membrane proteins
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic interior of the lipid…
selective permeability
characteristic of plasma membrane, whereby it allows some sub…
amphipathic
molecule that has both hydrophobic & hydrophilic regions
385 terms
BIO 101
Element
Atom
Ion
Molecule
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
An atom with a positive or negative charge because it has une…
two or more atoms sharing electrons
Element
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance
Atom
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
36 terms
bio101
What equation best summarizes photosyn…
Where does the Calvin cycle occur?
The light reactions of photosynthesis…
_____ has a longer wavelength than ___…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2
in the stroma of a chloroplast
water.... NADPH
red...green
What equation best summarizes photosyn…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Where does the Calvin cycle occur?
in the stroma of a chloroplast
40 terms
biology 101
active transport
diffusion
diffusion is the movement of molecules
main function of cell wall
requires input energy from the cell, moves things in and out…
it occurs because molecules constantly move and collide with…
from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentr…
support and protect
active transport
requires input energy from the cell, moves things in and out…
diffusion
it occurs because molecules constantly move and collide with…
36 terms
bio 101
Refractometer
Hypoxic
Colorimeter
Turbidity
an instrument for determining the refractive index of a subst…
low oxygen in water
an instrument or device for determining and specifying colors
how light passes through a sample of liquid as a measure of h…
Refractometer
an instrument for determining the refractive index of a subst…
Hypoxic
low oxygen in water
16 terms
Bio 101
prokaryotes... (bacterial & single celled)
eukaryotes
nonpolar
polar
external features: various shapes, cell wall-some sticky (hel…
external features: various cell shapes, some have cell walls…
equal share of electrons, no charge, hydrophobic, not soluable
uneven share of electrons, charged partially or fully, hydrop…
prokaryotes... (bacterial & single celled)
external features: various shapes, cell wall-some sticky (hel…
eukaryotes
external features: various cell shapes, some have cell walls…
29 terms
Bio 101
Dna & Rna
It is the blueprint of life bc it cont…
Rna creates a copy dna bc Dan can't le…
Nucleotide
What are 2 types of nucleic acids
What is the role of Dna
How does the role of Rna differ from that of dna
What is the building block of nucleic acids
Dna & Rna
What are 2 types of nucleic acids
It is the blueprint of life bc it cont…
What is the role of Dna
126 terms
Bio 101
Bacteria, Archaea, & Eukarya
Natural Selection
Hydrophilic
Solution
3 Domains
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Attracted to water
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
Bacteria, Archaea, & Eukarya
3 Domains
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
46 terms
Biology 101 Lab Midterm
Steps of Scientific Method
objective
subjective
Gram stain ... (+)... (-)
1. Observation... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Experiment
Observation that is Concrete (can be verified/measured)
observation that is not measurable
Identifies bacteria... (+) has thick cell wall turns purple ... (-)…
Steps of Scientific Method
1. Observation... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Experiment
objective
Observation that is Concrete (can be verified/measured)
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