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Study sets matching "bio biology 101"

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Study sets matching "bio biology 101"

175 terms
BIO 101
List the characteristics possessed by…
What are the four major concepts in bi…
What are the specific functions that o…
Four macromolecules
energy... Cellular organization... Information... Reproduction... Evoluti…
Evolution... Basic Unit of life is a cell... All living things shar…
process information (nucleus)... Manufacture proteins and other…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
List the characteristics possessed by…
energy... Cellular organization... Information... Reproduction... Evoluti…
What are the four major concepts in bi…
Evolution... Basic Unit of life is a cell... All living things shar…
296 terms
BIO 101
Element
Atom
Ion
Molecule
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
An atom with a positive or negative charge because it has une…
two or more atoms sharing electrons
Element
Made up of atoms and cannot be split into a simpler substance
Atom
The smallest unit of matter composed of subatomic particles c…
107 terms
Bio 101
Epithelial Tissues
Connective ... Tissue
Loose Connective tissue
Fibrous Connective tissue
Sheets of closely packed cells that cover body surfaces and l…
Tissue that binds and supports other tissues. There are six m…
Widespread connective tissue that consists of ropelike collag…
Connective tissue that has densely packed collagen fibers and…
Epithelial Tissues
Sheets of closely packed cells that cover body surfaces and l…
Connective ... Tissue
Tissue that binds and supports other tissues. There are six m…
46 terms
Bio 101
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Cuvier
Hutton
created the idea of categories- that there were similarities…
a taxonomist- created the classification system (still used t…
developed paleontology ... he noticed the change/appearance of…
geologic evidence can be explained by gradual progression
Aristotle
created the idea of categories- that there were similarities…
Linnaeus
a taxonomist- created the classification system (still used t…
167 terms
Biology 101 Exam 1
Biology
Reproduction
Energy Processing
Regulation
The scientific study of life
The ability of organisms to reproduce their own kind
The use of chemical energy to power an organisms activities a…
An ability to control an organism's internal environment with…
Biology
The scientific study of life
Reproduction
The ability of organisms to reproduce their own kind
103 terms
Biology 101-exam 3
Catabolic process
Fermentation
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
produces energy without oxygen
cellular respiration, most efficient, oxygen and sugar consum…
Catabolic process
breaking down a complex glucose molecule into simple
Fermentation
least desirable form, only a partial breakdown of glucose, on…
36 terms
bio 101
Refractometer
Hypoxic
Colorimeter
Turbidity
an instrument for determining the refractive index of a subst…
low oxygen in water
an instrument or device for determining and specifying colors
how light passes through a sample of liquid as a measure of h…
Refractometer
an instrument for determining the refractive index of a subst…
Hypoxic
low oxygen in water
219 terms
BIO 101
Cell theory
Levels of biological organization
Experimental design
hypotheses
all organisms are made of cells and all cells come from preex…
Atom, Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System,…
to test your hypothesis
observation; a supposition or proposed explanation made on th…
Cell theory
all organisms are made of cells and all cells come from preex…
Levels of biological organization
Atom, Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System,…
BIO 101
Major Concepts
Characteristics of the living
Cellular Organization
Reproduction
1. All living things share characteristics... 2. Basic unit of l…
-Certain traits define life and the living posses all... Living…
-Living consist of one or ore cells... -cells are only organized…
-Blueprint of traits (genotype determines phenotype)... -Based o…
Major Concepts
1. All living things share characteristics... 2. Basic unit of l…
Characteristics of the living
-Certain traits define life and the living posses all... Living…
159 terms
Bio 101 Botany
chloroplasts
vacuole
nucleus
cyclosis
small green oval structures in the cell
fluid-filled sack in the middle of the cell
an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells that contai…
cytoplasmic streaming; the directed flow of cytosol and organ…
chloroplasts
small green oval structures in the cell
vacuole
fluid-filled sack in the middle of the cell
127 terms
BIOS 101 Exam 2
Gregor Mendel
chromosome theory of inheritance
genetics
heredity
1865, chromosome theory of inheritance... worked out rules of i…
explained how genetic information is transmitted from one gen…
the... branch of biology that focuses on the inheritance of traits
meaning inheritance, or the... transmission of traits from paren…
Gregor Mendel
1865, chromosome theory of inheritance... worked out rules of i…
chromosome theory of inheritance
explained how genetic information is transmitted from one gen…
62 terms
Bio 101
The role of environmental factors on g…
In which of the following does environ…
In ____, a pair of nonidentical allele…
Which of the following has been correl…
all of these
it plays a role in all these
codominance
A nurturing mother
The role of environmental factors on g…
all of these
In which of the following does environ…
it plays a role in all these
18 terms
Bio 101 - ch 2
The atomic number of carbon-13 is
The atomic mass of carbon-13 is
If different numbers have the same num…
Substances composed of atoms that all…
six
six
isotopes
elements
The atomic number of carbon-13 is
six
The atomic mass of carbon-13 is
six
113 terms
Biology 101 Exam 2
Denaturation
Enzymes
Metabolism
Energy
Process of unzipping protein - leads to a loss of activity -…
Proteins that can catalyze biochemical reactions - lower ener…
Input and output of energy
Ability to do work - cannot be created or destroyed
Denaturation
Process of unzipping protein - leads to a loss of activity -…
Enzymes
Proteins that can catalyze biochemical reactions - lower ener…
Bio 101
Population
Allele frequency
Genotype frequency
Natural Selection
The frequency of occurrences of particular alleles in the gen…
The frequency of occurrences of a particular genotype among t…
the proportion of individuals with particular genotype among…
The differential reproduction shown by some members of a popu…
Population
The frequency of occurrences of particular alleles in the gen…
Allele frequency
The frequency of occurrences of a particular genotype among t…
37 terms
Biology 101.
Biology
Scientific Method
Steps of the scientific method
All Things...
study of living things
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigati…
1. Make observation.... 2. Form a question.... 3. Form hypothesis.…
1. Composed of cell.... 2. Reproduction (sexual or asexual)... 3. A…
Biology
study of living things
Scientific Method
The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigati…
138 terms
BIOS 101 Exam 3
Adaptive Landscape
Genetic Drift
Founder Effect
Introducing domestic animals to islands
Fitness (across the Y axis)... All phenotypes (across the X axis…
Alleles get lost over time of due to sampling error.... stronge…
A new population founded by a handful of individuals. (Amish,…
Through genetic drift, over time they will adapt to the habit…
Adaptive Landscape
Fitness (across the Y axis)... All phenotypes (across the X axis…
Genetic Drift
Alleles get lost over time of due to sampling error.... stronge…
80 terms
BIO 101 (ch 6, 8, 9 from Campbell Biology Textbook)
Redox
Reduction
Oxidation
Stem cells
Reduction and Oxidation
Gains an electron
Loses an electron
Cells which functions have yet to be determined; critical in…
Redox
Reduction and Oxidation
Reduction
Gains an electron
60 terms
Biology 101, Chapter 5
Energy
Kinetic energy
potential energy
first law of thermodynamics
The capacity to do work
energy of motion
stored energy. (objects are not moving, but have the capacity…
The total amount of energy before and after every conversion…
Energy
The capacity to do work
Kinetic energy
energy of motion
113 terms
Bio 101 Exam 1
nature of science
scientific method
biodiversity
classifying nature
Dynamic... Objective in the hard facts, subjective in the metho…
observation... hypothesis... testing/experiment... explanation... Must b…
The variety of life on earth, the genes they contain, and the…
Attempt to order diversity based on evolutionary relationship…
nature of science
Dynamic... Objective in the hard facts, subjective in the metho…
scientific method
observation... hypothesis... testing/experiment... explanation... Must b…
11 terms
Bio 101
Identify the four elements that make u…
With the use of a diagram or diagrams,…
Carbon ... hydrogen... nitrogen... oxygen
...
Identify the four elements that make u…
Carbon ... hydrogen... nitrogen... oxygen
With the use of a diagram or diagrams,…
...
77 terms
bio101
Which polymers are composed of amino a…
What is attached to the central carbon…
Which part of an amino acid is always…
Which monomers make up RNA?
proteins
an amino functional group, a carboxyl functional group, a sid…
carboxyl functional group
nucleotides
Which polymers are composed of amino a…
proteins
What is attached to the central carbon…
an amino functional group, a carboxyl functional group, a sid…
68 terms
Biology 101
coarse vs. fine adjustment knobs
parts of a microscope
Scanner objective
Low objective
Coarse: larger, used in low perspective... Fine adjustment knob:…
arm and base, eyepiece, scanner, low, and high power objectiv…
4x: used to search for part of specimen
Magnifies the object ten times (10×)
coarse vs. fine adjustment knobs
Coarse: larger, used in low perspective... Fine adjustment knob:…
parts of a microscope
arm and base, eyepiece, scanner, low, and high power objectiv…
81 terms
Bio 101 Molumby (genetics)
genetics
genetic material
reproduction
gene
study of the process which information is transmitted from on…
every living thing is organized via coded information
involves duplication and transmission of an organisms genetic…
an information entity ... a sequence of DNA code for a single ge…
genetics
study of the process which information is transmitted from on…
genetic material
every living thing is organized via coded information
12 terms
Biology 101 organelles
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Ribosomes
Golgi
synthesize liquids, process drugs, alcohol
(has mad ribosomes) synthesize membrane for itself & proteins…
Free ribosomes make proteins that function within cytoplasm.…
one side of golgi takes in future-exports, other side ships i…
Smooth ER
synthesize liquids, process drugs, alcohol
Rough ER
(has mad ribosomes) synthesize membrane for itself & proteins…
24 terms
Bio 101 Diversity of Plants
Alternation of Generations
Plant Adaptaion
Plant Adaptation (some plants)
Plant Adaptation (Reproduction)
The development of roots that anchor and absorb nutrients fro…
The presence of conducting cells that transport water and min…
Plant embryos are protected, and some sex cells can disperse…
Alternation of Generations
Plant Adaptaion
The development of roots that anchor and absorb nutrients fro…
132 terms
Biology 101: Cell Biology
order
reproduction
growth and development
energy processing
ordered structure, living cells make up complex organization
reproduce their own kind
inherited information in the form of DNA controls pattern of…
chemical energy stored in food to power its own activities an…
order
ordered structure, living cells make up complex organization
reproduction
reproduce their own kind
42 terms
Bio 101
hepatic
pulmonary
brachial
cardiac/coronary
liver
lungs
arm
heart
hepatic
liver
pulmonary
lungs
119 terms
Biology 101- exam 4
Genome
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Sister chromatids
An organisms complete collection of DNA
Complex of DNA and proteins in a condensed format
Complex of DNA and proteins (histones)
Identical bonded chromosomes, same genetic material
Genome
An organisms complete collection of DNA
Chromosomes
Complex of DNA and proteins in a condensed format
20 terms
bio101
A carbon atom can form up to _____ cov…
L-dopa is used to treat _____.
What kind of effect does D-dopa have o…
Enantiomers are molecules that _____.
4
Parkinson's disease
none
are mirror images
A carbon atom can form up to _____ cov…
4
L-dopa is used to treat _____.
Parkinson's disease
46 terms
Bio 101
Scientific method
What does glycolysis produce?
If water is moving out of the cell, th…
Prokaryotes have mitochondria. True or…
Observation-->Hypothesis-->Prediction-->Test-->Conclusion
ATP, NADH, and Pyruvates
Hypertonic because there is a lot of water in the cell
False
Scientific method
Observation-->Hypothesis-->Prediction-->Test-->Conclusion
What does glycolysis produce?
ATP, NADH, and Pyruvates
53 terms
bio101
The unequal sharing of electrons withi…
The tendency of an atom to pull electr…
what type of bond is found between the…
Water is moving up the tree as it ____…
polar
electronegativity
polar covalent
evaporates
The unequal sharing of electrons withi…
polar
The tendency of an atom to pull electr…
electronegativity
25 terms
Bio101
Evolutionary
Molecules
Atom
Organelles
تطوري
جزيئات
ذرة
عضيات
Evolutionary
تطوري
Molecules
جزيئات
56 terms
Biology 101
Photosynthesis
Protists
Photosynthesis formula
Purpose
occurs in plants, algae, photosynthetic bacteria, and protists
uni or multicellular eukaryotes that are not animals, plants,…
H2O + CO2 + Sunlight ----> C6H12O6 +O2 + H2O
produces sugars for plant. nutrition and energy
Photosynthesis
occurs in plants, algae, photosynthetic bacteria, and protists
Protists
uni or multicellular eukaryotes that are not animals, plants,…
52 terms
Biology 101
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Allopatric Speciation
Changes in allele frequencies within populations. Often assoc…
Major changes the history of life. Origin of new species. Gen…
group of organisms whose members have the potential to interb…
small populations are more likely to have restricted gene poo…
Microevolution
Changes in allele frequencies within populations. Often assoc…
Macroevolution
Major changes the history of life. Origin of new species. Gen…
61 terms
Biology 101
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
Meisosis
A single celled organism replicates itself by splitting its c…
Creation of offspring from two parents
Collective term for sperm and egg cells
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Asexual Reproduction
A single celled organism replicates itself by splitting its c…
Sexual Reproduction
Creation of offspring from two parents
55 terms
BIO 101
Inductive Logic
Deductive logic
Matter
True
inference of a generalized conclusion based on observation
inference of the specific or particular of an area based on g…
- anything that takes up space... - made up of elements in pure…
True or False: There are 92 naturally occurring elements
Inductive Logic
inference of a generalized conclusion based on observation
Deductive logic
inference of the specific or particular of an area based on g…
13 terms
Bio 101
Gastropods
bivalves
cephalopods
four groups of mollusks
snails and slugs
clams, oysters
octopus and squid
gastropods, bivalves, chitons, cephalopods
Gastropods
snails and slugs
bivalves
clams, oysters
67 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 3
What is the backbone of all organic mo…
How many electrons does carbon have?
What are macromolecules?
What classifies the type of macromolec…
Carbon
6
large molecules composed of smaller building blocks
Whatever is attached to it.
What is the backbone of all organic mo…
Carbon
How many electrons does carbon have?
6
31 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 1
biosphere
ecosystem
communities
populations
consists of all life on earth and all places where life exists
consists of all living things in a particular area along with…
the array of organisms inhabiting a particular ecosystem
consist of all the individuals of a species living within the…
biosphere
consists of all life on earth and all places where life exists
ecosystem
consists of all living things in a particular area along with…
103 terms
BIO 101
How is your grade determined in this c…
Mastering Biology homework will be pos…
Pete and Toshi Seeger are an example of:
Which of the following is not a main g…
Exam grades = 85% Homework grade = 15%
Friday, Wednesday
People who are science literate
(Main goal:) Make you science and biologically literate and t…
How is your grade determined in this c…
Exam grades = 85% Homework grade = 15%
Mastering Biology homework will be pos…
Friday, Wednesday
53 terms
BIO101 - Anatomical Terms
Anterior
Posterior
Superior
Inferior
located toward the front
located toward the back
located above another part
located below another part
Anterior
located toward the front
Posterior
located toward the back
147 terms
Bio101
Biology
Professor Keck studies ___________
Science
Three domains of life
The study of living organisms
Ichthyology
The process of using observations and experiments to draw con…
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Biology
The study of living organisms
Professor Keck studies ___________
Ichthyology
86 terms
bio 101
organelle synthesizing protein
a depression in or on a bone
which chambers of the heart carries de…
most important and abundant inorganic…
ribsome
fossa
right atrium and ventricle
H20
organelle synthesizing protein
ribsome
a depression in or on a bone
fossa
145 terms
Bio 101
Biology
Emergent properties
Biosphere
Ecosystem
The study of life
result from the interactions between components
Consists of all life on earth and all the places where life e…
Consists of all the living things in a particular area, along…
Biology
The study of life
Emergent properties
result from the interactions between components
49 terms
bio 101
what is Heredity?
what are genetics
hybrid
Genotype
transmission of genetic material from one generation to another
the study of genes
offspring from two genetically dissimilar parents
genes you carry
what is Heredity?
transmission of genetic material from one generation to another
what are genetics
the study of genes
53 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 5
polymer
monomer
enzyme
dehydration reaction
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the smaller individual repeating units that serve as the buil…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions i…
chemical reaction for synthesizing a polymer
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
monomer
the smaller individual repeating units that serve as the buil…
26 terms
Bio 101
Energy causes molecules to diffuse out…
Heat causes ________ _______ of molecu…
This motion was originally described i…
In biological systems, substances ofte…
Kinetic
random motion
1827
diffusion
Energy causes molecules to diffuse out…
Kinetic
Heat causes ________ _______ of molecu…
random motion
53 terms
bio101
The innermost electron shell of an ato…
The number of protons is equal to the…
What determines the types of chemical…
What is the atomic number of an atom t…
2 electrons
uncharged atom
the number of electrons in the outermost electron shell
6
The innermost electron shell of an ato…
2 electrons
The number of protons is equal to the…
uncharged atom
21 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 9
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anerobic respiration
redox reaction
partial degradation of of sugars or other organic fuel that o…
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
catabolic pathway in which substances other than oxygen are u…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
partial degradation of of sugars or other organic fuel that o…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
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