Study sets matching "bio biology 4"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "bio biology 4"

53 terms
Bio-U4: Molecular Biology
Nucleotide
DNA
RNA
Chargaff's experiment
- Monomers that make up Nucleic Acid ... - A building block of…
○ DNA molecule made of two linked chains of nucleotides ... ○ s…
- Nucleobases of RNA: U, A, G, C... - Sugar in RNA: Ribose ... - si…
- Chargaff discovered two rules that helped lead to the disco…
Nucleotide
- Monomers that make up Nucleic Acid ... - A building block of…
DNA
○ DNA molecule made of two linked chains of nucleotides ... ○ s…
10 terms
Biology BioTerms 4
prim-, prot-
sapr-
sperm
therm-
first
rotten
seed
heat
prim-, prot-
first
sapr-
rotten
43 terms
8. Biology Keystone: BIO.B.4: Ecology
limiting factor
extinction
agriculture
nonnative species
Chemical or physical factor that limits the existence, growth…
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
The artificial cultivation of food, fiber, and other goods by…
A species normally living outside a distribution range that h…
limiting factor
Chemical or physical factor that limits the existence, growth…
extinction
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
145 terms
Bio 2: Unit 4: Developmental Biology
Gene regulation
DNA
chromatin
supercoils
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
All cells have the same _______ but different parts of it are…
Substance found in chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly c…
(7) nucleosomes then pack together with each other to form a…
Gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
DNA
All cells have the same _______ but different parts of it are…
23 terms
bio midterm: study of biology (4)
biology
1. Movement... 2. Respiration... 3. Sensitiv…
sensitivity
excretion
the scientific study of all forms of life, or all types of or…
What are the Seven Criteria of Life?
ability to sense changes in the enviornment
getting rid of waste
biology
the scientific study of all forms of life, or all types of or…
1. Movement... 2. Respiration... 3. Sensitiv…
What are the Seven Criteria of Life?
80 terms
Bio Exam 4 - Mastering Biology
Interphase
Telophase
Prophase
Anaphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
Chromosomes become visible during _____.
Centromeres divide and sister chromatids become full-fledged…
Interphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Telophase
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
CH 4 Biology for bio
Sun
Photosynthesis
Animals
C
Most of the energy used by life on earth comes from the
Light energy is converted to chemical energy through the proc…
Which of the following organisms do NOT carry out photosynthe…
The carbon cycle makes carbon compounds continuously availabl…
Sun
Most of the energy used by life on earth comes from the
Photosynthesis
Light energy is converted to chemical energy through the proc…
16 terms
4. Biology Keystone: BIO.A.4: Homeostasis and Transport
impermeable
active transport
plasma membrane
osmosis
Not permitting passage of a substance or substances
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
The movement of water or another solvent through permeable me…
impermeable
Not permitting passage of a substance or substances
active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Bio Exam 4 (Campbell Biology)
I am a protist. I cause malaria and I…
If the mitochondria and chloroplasts i…
Which of the following statements abou…
Photosynthetic eukaryotes contain both…
Plasmodium
a plasma membrane, DNA, and ribosomes
Cellular slime molds form masses when food is scarce, but the…
engulfs heterotrophic prokaryote and then engulfs photosynthe…
I am a protist. I cause malaria and I…
Plasmodium
If the mitochondria and chloroplasts i…
a plasma membrane, DNA, and ribosomes
25 terms
BIO CHAPTER 4: Molecular Biology
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Purines
Pyrimidines
Nucleoside(s)
a nucleic acid found exclusively in the nucleus that codes fo…
sugar group + base only, no phosphates
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
a nucleic acid found exclusively in the nucleus that codes fo…
Purines
21 terms
Bio Lecture 4 - Cell Biology
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi complex
Vesicles
Close to nucleus, ribosomes on outside, make integral membran…
Contains metabolic enzymes (synthesizes lipids). Make phospho…
Stacked membrane sacks, for modifying proteins, carbohydrates…
Lysosomes, peroxisomes, secretory vesicles
Rough ER
Close to nucleus, ribosomes on outside, make integral membran…
Smooth ER
Contains metabolic enzymes (synthesizes lipids). Make phospho…
Bio Unit 4 - CELL BIOLOGY
3 parts of the cell theory
6 characteristics of life
prokaryote
eukaryote
-cells make up all living things ... -cells are the basic buildi…
consist of organized parts, obtain energy from their surround…
no nucleus, lack membrane bound organelles, smaller in size,…
has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, larger in size,…
3 parts of the cell theory
-cells make up all living things ... -cells are the basic buildi…
6 characteristics of life
consist of organized parts, obtain energy from their surround…
63 terms
Bio Unit 4: Cell Biology
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
cell theory
cell membrane
first to use the term "cell" to describe the structure that m…
father of modern microbiology, first to observe living cells
1) all organisms are composed of one or more cells ... 2) cells…
outer boundary of the cell; separates the cell from the exter…
Hooke
first to use the term "cell" to describe the structure that m…
Leeuwenhoek
father of modern microbiology, first to observe living cells
25 terms
Bio Chapter 4: Molecular Biology
Purines
Pyrimidines
2 hydrogen bonds
3 hydrogen bonds
Adenine, guanine
Cysteine, thymine
A-T
C-G
Purines
Adenine, guanine
Pyrimidines
Cysteine, thymine
42 terms
Biology unit 4: bio-chemistry
Carbon
Carbon tends to form
Carbon and hydrogen bonds are
Macromolecules
Makes up all organic molecules
Chains and rings
Always even
Big covalent bonds
Carbon
Makes up all organic molecules
Carbon tends to form
Chains and rings
10 terms
Bio Ch 4 Population Biology Vocab
Exponential growth
Carrying Capacity
Life-history pattern
Density-dependent factor
growth pattern where a population grows faster as it increase…
number or organisms of one species that an environment can su…
on organism's patter of reproduction;may be rapid or slow
limiting factors such as disease, parasites, or food availabi…
Exponential growth
growth pattern where a population grows faster as it increase…
Carrying Capacity
number or organisms of one species that an environment can su…
145 terms
Bio 2: Unit 4: Developmental Biology
Gene regulation
DNA
chromatin
supercoils
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
All cells have the same _______ but different parts of it are…
Substance found in chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly c…
(7) nucleosomes then pack together with each other to form a…
Gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
DNA
All cells have the same _______ but different parts of it are…
Bio. Chapter 9, Bio. Chapter 8, Bio 7, Bio. Chapter 6, Bio. Chapter 5, Biology Ch. 4, Biology Chapter 2, Bio. Chapter 1
Replaces lost or damaged cells, Growth…
Asexual Reproduction
Single-cell
Sexual Reproduction
Importance of cell reproduction (2)
a process in which a single cell or group of cells each dupli…
What type of organisms normally reproduce asexually
In this process, genetic material from each parent combines,…
Replaces lost or damaged cells, Growth…
Importance of cell reproduction (2)
Asexual Reproduction
a process in which a single cell or group of cells each dupli…
Bio Exam 4-Molecular Biology
What is a nucleotide?
What makes up a nucleotide?
What are the four bases found in DNA?
What are the four bases found in RNA?
The basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA)
Sugar, phosphate, base
Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine
Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Uracil
What is a nucleotide?
The basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA)
What makes up a nucleotide?
Sugar, phosphate, base
19 terms
Mastering biology chap. 4 Adv. Bio
The endosymbiosis hypothesis proposes…
As cell size increases, the
The cell junctions in plant cells that…
Light microscopes
a small cell lived inside a larger cell to the benefit of bot…
volume increases faster than the surface area
plasmodesmata
use light and glass lenses to magnify an image
The endosymbiosis hypothesis proposes…
a small cell lived inside a larger cell to the benefit of bot…
As cell size increases, the
volume increases faster than the surface area
15 terms
AP Biology - BioFax (#1-4)
Ecology
Learning
Social Learning
Innate Behavior
the scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
an experienced-based modification of behavior
learning that occurs by watching and imitating others
unlearned behavior that is developmentally fixed
Ecology
the scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
Learning
an experienced-based modification of behavior
110 terms
Bio 2401 Ch. 4 "Biology of the Cell"
Cytology
Micrometer
Light Microscope, Transmission Electro…
75 Trillion
What is the study of cells?
What unit of measurement is typically used to measure cell si…
3 types of microscopy commonly used in cytology?
Approximately how many cells on the adult human?
Cytology
What is the study of cells?
Micrometer
What unit of measurement is typically used to measure cell si…
9 terms
Biology (bio geochemical vid + 4.1)
CHNOPS
Phosphorus
Static
Climate
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur.
Forms a lipid blair within cell membrane; good at making nucl…
Does not change or renew, remains a constant
The average year after year condition of temperature and prec…
CHNOPS
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur.
Phosphorus
Forms a lipid blair within cell membrane; good at making nucl…
BIO 141 - Chapter 4 - BIOLOGY OF A CELL
What is used in TEM
What microscope is like a tv
Nucleus basic structure
what is in the cytoplasm
electron beam
scanning electron - beam moved across surface
largest structure inside cell, in nuclear envelope. DNA mater…
contents between membrame and nucleus, cytosol, organelles, i…
What is used in TEM
electron beam
What microscope is like a tv
scanning electron - beam moved across surface
60 terms
Bio Lecture 4 (Biology of the Cell)
shape and function
plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, o…
endoplasmic reticulum
endoplasmic reticulum
cells vary in...
a cell consists of...
network of membranes forming sacs and canals
transports materials within the cells, provides attachment fo…
shape and function
cells vary in...
plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, o…
a cell consists of...
294 terms
BIO 141: Ch. 4 - Biology of the Cell
What are there characteristics of a li…
What are three characteristics of an e…
What are two characteristics of a tran…
What are two characteristics of a scan…
1. produces a two-dimensional image... 2. passes light through a…
q1. uses a beam of electrons to "illuminate" the specimen... 2.…
1. directs an electron beam through thin cut sections... 2. prod…
1. directs an electron beam across the surface of a specimen…
What are there characteristics of a li…
1. produces a two-dimensional image... 2. passes light through a…
What are three characteristics of an e…
q1. uses a beam of electrons to "illuminate" the specimen... 2.…
7 terms
Bio Ch4 S1 - History of Cell Biology
cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of life
1665, first to observe dead cells, called the cells because i…
1673, first to observe living cells, observed bacteria and pr…
1838, concluded that all plants are made of cells
cell
the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of life
Robert Hooke
1665, first to observe dead cells, called the cells because i…
BIO 264 Module 4 Cell Biology
The cell Nucleus
The endoplasmic reticulum
The Golgi Apparatus
The Mitochondrion
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane bound structur…
As mentioned previously, the endoplasmic reticulum has a roug…
The Golgi apparatus is named after the person that discovered…
The mitochondrion (or mitochondria in the plural form) is usu…
The cell Nucleus
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane bound structur…
The endoplasmic reticulum
As mentioned previously, the endoplasmic reticulum has a roug…
10 terms
Bio Ch 4 Population Biology Vocab
Exponential growth
Carrying Capacity
Life-history pattern
Density-dependent factor
growth pattern where a population grows faster as it increase…
number or organisms of one species that an environment can su…
on organism's patter of reproduction;may be rapid or slow
limiting factors such as disease, parasites, or food availabi…
Exponential growth
growth pattern where a population grows faster as it increase…
Carrying Capacity
number or organisms of one species that an environment can su…
19 terms
Biology Unit 4: bio-chem
An atom
What is an atom made of?
Subatomic masses are so small that the…
Proton: mass, electrical charge, and l…
the smallesy part of an element that can still retain the pro…
subatomic particles
atomic mass unit or AMU
-1 AMU... -positive+ ... -nucleus
An atom
the smallesy part of an element that can still retain the pro…
What is an atom made of?
subatomic particles
Bio Exam 4 - Mastering Biology
Interphase
Telophase
Prophase
Anaphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
Chromosomes become visible during _____.
Centromeres divide and sister chromatids become full-fledged…
Interphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Telophase
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
Unit 4 AP Bio Cellular Biology
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Nucleoid
Plasma Membrane
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organe…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelle…
A non-membrane-enclosed region in a prokaryotic cell where it…
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Prokaryotic Cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organe…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelle…
BIO201: Cell Biology (Ch. 3 & 4)
Who invented the microscope?
What is cell theory?
What's in a typical cell?
What part of the cell is the "director…
Robert Hooke... 1663
Describes the properties of all cells:... 1. Cells are the basic…
Plasma or cell membrane... - The outer boundary of the... cell... - Se…
DNA
Who invented the microscope?
Robert Hooke... 1663
What is cell theory?
Describes the properties of all cells:... 1. Cells are the basic…
Biology Ch 14 Vu- PAP Bio- 4
autosome
genome
karyotype
nondisjunction
chromosome that is not a chromosome; also called autosomal ch…
entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
error in meiosis in which the homologous chromosomes fail to…
autosome
chromosome that is not a chromosome; also called autosomal ch…
genome
entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
Biology: Bio Terms #4 5-10.
sym-, syn-, sys-
tert-, tri-
trans-, per-
aero-
with, together
3
across, through
air, oxygen
sym-, syn-, sys-
with, together
tert-, tri-
3
chapter 1.4 BIO biology and the tree of life
natural selection
Carolus Linnaeus - "Father of Taxonomy…
phylogeny
2 main cell types
process that explains the pattern of evolution... - Results in…
1735 - established system for naming species... binomial nomenc…
Evolutionary relationships among organisms... Theory of Evoluti…
advances in microscopy revealed 2 distinct types of cells ... -…
natural selection
process that explains the pattern of evolution... - Results in…
Carolus Linnaeus - "Father of Taxonomy…
1735 - established system for naming species... binomial nomenc…
9 terms
BIO 108 Topic 4 (Basic Cell Biology)
Membranes: what's their purpose?
What two factors affect whether a subs…
What's the membrane made of?
Describe the effect of concentration g…
Cells need to import nutrients and export wastes. This is con…
1. its chemical nature (hydrophilic vs. hydrophobic) - ions a…
Phospholipid bilayer with a hydrophobic core, and embedded pr…
Transport goes DOWN the concentration gradient. Solutes will…
Membranes: what's their purpose?
Cells need to import nutrients and export wastes. This is con…
What two factors affect whether a subs…
1. its chemical nature (hydrophilic vs. hydrophobic) - ions a…
80 terms
Bio Exam 4 - Mastering Biology
Interphase
Telophase
Prophase
Anaphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
Chromosomes become visible during _____.
Centromeres divide and sister chromatids become full-fledged…
Interphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Telophase
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
80 terms
Bio Exam 4 - Mastering Biology
Interphase
Telophase
Prophase
Anaphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
Chromosomes become visible during _____.
Centromeres divide and sister chromatids become full-fledged…
Interphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Telophase
Cytokinesis often, but not always, accompanies _____.
37 terms
Biology Basics - Marine Bio Test 4
Where do Toxic Algal Blooms occur?
What causes Toxic Algal Blooms?
Phytoplankton called _______________ _…
Why is this a problem for the ecosystem?
Coastal environments when the ocean receives an influx of fer…
Mainly nitrogen and phosphorous (and also some potassium) run…
Pseudo nitzschia; domoic acid, which is a neuro toxin -- domo…
Bioaccumulates -- not metabolized, moves up the food chain in…
Where do Toxic Algal Blooms occur?
Coastal environments when the ocean receives an influx of fer…
What causes Toxic Algal Blooms?
Mainly nitrogen and phosphorous (and also some potassium) run…
Bio Exam 4 - Mastering Biology
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Cytokinesis often, but not always, acc…
Chromosomes become visible during _____.
Centromeres divide and sister chromati…
Interphase
Telophase
Prophase
Anaphase
Nucleoli are present during _____.
Interphase
Cytokinesis often, but not always, acc…
Telophase
123 terms
Ch 4 / 5 - Human Biology [Bio 140]
Robert Hooke in 1665
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
cells were first observed by who in what year
states that all living things are composed of cells and all c…
forms a flexible boundary between the living cell and its sur…
a two-layer sheet formed by phospholipids in which the hydrop…
Robert Hooke in 1665
cells were first observed by who in what year
Cell Theory
states that all living things are composed of cells and all c…
AP Biology Bio-molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
Monomer- Amino Acid... Polymer- Polypeptide and/or dipeptide (En…
Monomer- Nucleotide... Polymer- DNA, RNA... Elements- C, H, O, N, P…
Carbohydrate
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Lipid
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
40 terms
Bio Final-Environmental Biology
Biology
Ecology
Individual
Population
The study of life
The relations of organisms to one another and to their physic…
One single organism
All the inhabitants of a particular area
Biology
The study of life
Ecology
The relations of organisms to one another and to their physic…
Mo Biology Chemistry for H Bio 4
testosterone, cholesterol, cortisone,…
triglyceride, phospholipids, waxes, st…
20 (really 22)
DNA, RNA, ATP
Name an example of a steroid.
Name some examples of categories of lipids, please.
How many different amino acids are there?
Name an example of a nucleic acid.
testosterone, cholesterol, cortisone,…
Name an example of a steroid.
triglyceride, phospholipids, waxes, st…
Name some examples of categories of lipids, please.
77 terms
Bio Unit 4 MasteringBiology Quizzes
The emergence of many diverse species…
Which of the following statements rega…
Which of the following would a biologi…
Which of the following types of reprod…
adaptive radiation
The morphological species concept relies upon comparing the D…
a change in the gene pool of a population from one generation…
habitat isolation
The emergence of many diverse species…
adaptive radiation
Which of the following statements rega…
The morphological species concept relies upon comparing the D…
Cell Biology (BIO 202) - Chapter 4: Membranes
Phospholipids
Amphipathic
Phosphoglycerides
Glycerol, 3, Hydroxyl
The major component of biomembranes
The lipids which form biomembranes have both positive and neg…
The most common phospholipids are ______________
The backbone of phosphoglycerides= _____= _ carbons, each wit…
Phospholipids
The major component of biomembranes
Amphipathic
The lipids which form biomembranes have both positive and neg…
biology bio facts 3/22-4/6
molecule that binds to an enzyme's act…
transcription + translation
segment of DNA that codes for a protein
any change in the normal sequence of DNA
substrate (followed by product)
protein synthesis
gene
mutation
molecule that binds to an enzyme's act…
substrate (followed by product)
transcription + translation
protein synthesis
Biology Chapter 6, Bio-Chpt. 5, Ch.4 Bio
List three different methods for deter…
Human Sex Determination
What is primary sex determination?
What is androgen - insensitivity syndr…
Three methods for determining sex in species include: tempera…
See diagrams
Primary sex determination is a step in sexual development tha…
Androgen-insensitivity syndrome is a disorder of sexual devel…
List three different methods for deter…
Three methods for determining sex in species include: tempera…
Human Sex Determination
See diagrams
Biology bio molecules structure 2-4-16
Lipid
Nucleic acid
Protein
Carbohydrate
E
Rectangle, hexagon, circle
Circle
Hexagon
Lipid
E
Nucleic acid
Rectangle, hexagon, circle
1 of 10