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Study sets matching "bio biology cells"

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Study sets matching "bio biology cells"

30 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
cell
theory
membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
72 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
72 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
41 terms
Bio H: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Organization of Life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All living organisms are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is…
Chemical/Molecular Level... Organelle Level... Cellular Level... Tissu…
Cell type that has no organelle membranes, no nucleus, is a b…
Cell type with larger, complex, with nucleus, membrane bound…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is…
Organization of Life
Chemical/Molecular Level... Organelle Level... Cellular Level... Tissu…
17 terms
Bio 20 Cell Biology and Mitosis
Active transport
Osmosis
Cytosol
Phagocytosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulf…
Active transport
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
Osmosis
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
98 terms
BIO: Cell Biology
life functions
paramecium life functions
Scenedesmus (autotroph) life functions
cytosome
metabolism ... reproduction... sensitivity ... homeostasis ... excretion…
M- food contained in small vacuoles with digestive enzymes... R-…
M- photosynthesis... R-internal sexual division... S- may form colo…
specialised membranous feeding groove#
life functions
metabolism ... reproduction... sensitivity ... homeostasis ... excretion…
paramecium life functions
M- food contained in small vacuoles with digestive enzymes... R-…
51 terms
Cell Biology (BIO)
Acid
Adenine
ADP
Amino Acid
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
One of four nitrogen-containing bases in nucleotides composin…
Adenosine Diphosphate. Nucleotide with two phosphate groups t…
The building blocks of proteins (monomers)
Acid
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Adenine
One of four nitrogen-containing bases in nucleotides composin…
32 terms
Bio 12 Cell Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Membrane bound organelle that contains chromosomes and can co…
Dark-staining, spherical body in the nucleus that produces ri…
Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus and is continuos w…
Opening in the nuclear envelope which permits the passage of…
Nucleus
Membrane bound organelle that contains chromosomes and can co…
Nucleolus
Dark-staining, spherical body in the nucleus that produces ri…
13 terms
BIO 264 Cell biology
Large numbers of ribosomes are present…
Which would be the most accurate endom…
This organelle is responsible for the…
Following a meal, glucose must move fr…
proteins
rough endoplasmic reticulum→ Golgi apparatus→vesicles →plasma…
lysosome
facilitated diffusion
Large numbers of ribosomes are present…
proteins
Which would be the most accurate endom…
rough endoplasmic reticulum→ Golgi apparatus→vesicles →plasma…
41 terms
Cell Biology - AP Bio
What is the most fundamental differenc…
What does Domain mean?
What is endosymbiosis?
What is nuclear DNA?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Notion that one bacteria engulfed another bacteria; leads to…
Nucleic acid in nucleus of eukaryotic cells; double helix form
What is the most fundamental differenc…
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
What does Domain mean?
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
22 terms
Cell Biology BIO 151
What did Robert Hooke contribute to th…
What did Matthais Schleiden contribute…
What did Theodor Schwann contribute to…
What did Rudolf Virchow contribute to…
named cells
concluded that all plants are made up of cells
concluded that all animals are made up of cells
all cells come from preexisting cells
What did Robert Hooke contribute to th…
named cells
What did Matthais Schleiden contribute…
concluded that all plants are made up of cells
43 terms
BIO Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cells
cell theory
composite cell
Types of cells
the simplest collection of matter that can live, basic unit o…
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
a "universal" cell or a "model" cell, includes all known cell…
prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells
Cells
the simplest collection of matter that can live, basic unit o…
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
160 terms
BIO341: Cell Biology
All cells...
What is the same in prokaryotes and eu…
What is the importance of organelles?
Function of: nucleus, mitochondria, ER…
1) Have DNA... 2) Are surrounded by a membrane... 3) Have similar c…
Both = membrane bound cell, DNA, similar metabolic processes…
organelles allow for the specialization of tasks, greater eff…
Nucleus = hold DNA... Mitochondria = generates energy for the ce…
All cells...
1) Have DNA... 2) Are surrounded by a membrane... 3) Have similar c…
What is the same in prokaryotes and eu…
Both = membrane bound cell, DNA, similar metabolic processes…
43 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
chromosomes
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape o…
carry genetic information
nucleus
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
nuclear envelope
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
19 terms
SL Bio Cell Biology
1st core idea of cell theory
2nd core idea of cell theory
3rd core idea of cell theory
hereditary information
all organisms are composed of one or more cells
the cell is the basic unit of life
all cells are produced by the division of preexisting cells.
DNA
1st core idea of cell theory
all organisms are composed of one or more cells
2nd core idea of cell theory
the cell is the basic unit of life
40 terms
IB biology: cell bio
7 functions of life
cell theory
Hooke
vanLeewenhoek
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
looked at cork under microscope, he named and discovered cells
father of microscopy, first to observe and describe single ce…
7 functions of life
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cell theory
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
47 terms
Bio Vocab - Cell Biology
light microscopy
confocal
electron microscopes (EMs)
scanning electron microscopes (SEMs)
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
specimen is stained with a dye that fluoresces, image is sect…
technology used to study subcellular structures
focus a beam of electrons onto the surface of a specimen, pro…
light microscopy
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
confocal
specimen is stained with a dye that fluoresces, image is sect…
63 terms
Bio12 Cell Biology
acid
carboxyl group
adenine
adenosine triphosphate(ATP)
酸 n.
羧基 n.
腺嘌呤 n.
三磷酸腺苷 n.
acid
酸 n.
carboxyl group
羧基 n.
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
35 terms
Ap Bio cell biology
Cytology
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
study of the cell
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
a cell that lacks a true nucleus genetic material is held in…
a cell that has a true membrane-bound nucleus animal cells pl…
Cytology
study of the cell
Organelle
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
70 terms
PCAT Bio-Cell Biology
3 main components of the cell
Function of the cell membrane
Cholesterol keeps the cell membrane
Transmembrane proteins
membrane, cytoplasm, and organelles
holds in the internal contents and regulates what goes into a…
flexible
go all the way across the cell membrane
3 main components of the cell
membrane, cytoplasm, and organelles
Function of the cell membrane
holds in the internal contents and regulates what goes into a…
46 terms
DAT Biology: Cell bio
Cell theory
Organelles in cells
Kingdoms
two major types of cells
1. Living things are made of cells... 2. cells are units of life…
1. nucleus... 2. ribosomes... 3. ER... 4. Golgi... 5. vesicles... 6. vacuole…
1. archaea... 2. protista... 3. fungi... 4. plantae... 5. animalia
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Cell theory
1. Living things are made of cells... 2. cells are units of life…
Organelles in cells
1. nucleus... 2. ribosomes... 3. ER... 4. Golgi... 5. vesicles... 6. vacuole…
35 terms
BIO106-CELL BIOLOGY
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
viruses
organelles small functions cytoplasm m…
.... the cells of protozoa, higher plants and animals are hig…
These cells are simple in structure, with no recognizable org…
.... are much smaller than cells. They have no metabolic acti…
Cells contain .... These are; very (Microscopic), perform var…
eukaryotic
.... the cells of protozoa, higher plants and animals are hig…
prokaryotic
These cells are simple in structure, with no recognizable org…
17 terms
Bio cell biology
Animal cell
Antibiotic
Bacteria
Cell
Typical eukaryotic cell, and caused by plasma membrane and a…
Medication used to destroy or slow down growth of bacteria
Prokaryotic micro organism, different shapes: balls, rods, sp…
Basic structure of all living things - basic unit of life; ma…
Animal cell
Typical eukaryotic cell, and caused by plasma membrane and a…
Antibiotic
Medication used to destroy or slow down growth of bacteria
13 terms
BIO- Cell Biology
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A semi-rigid structure outside the plasma membrane. It is com…
The cell membrane is a semi permeable structure. The cell mem…
A watery solution containing dissolved substances, enzymes, a…
The nucleus is the control center of the cell. It is the larg…
Cell wall
A semi-rigid structure outside the plasma membrane. It is com…
Cell membrane
The cell membrane is a semi permeable structure. The cell mem…
100 terms
Bio 201- Cell Biology
Ionic attractions
cations
anions
free ions
form when an atom gains or loses electrons for stability
positively charged ions
negatively charged ions
unstable on their own
Ionic attractions
form when an atom gains or loses electrons for stability
cations
positively charged ions
26 terms
Bio 12: Cell Biology
Three parts of cell theory
The two types of cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1.All living things are made up of cells... 2.The cell is a func…
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
were primitive, ancient and had no defined nuclear membrane a…
Are modern cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
Three parts of cell theory
1.All living things are made up of cells... 2.The cell is a func…
The two types of cells
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
26 terms
Cell Biology Bios 222
Antonie van Leeuwunhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Theodor Schwann Cell theory proposal
(1632-1723) Father of microbiology, known for improving the m…
"cell theory of plants" Botanist from 1838 that became convin…
Matthias Schleiden spoke with Theodore Schwann (zooologist) a…
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells ... 2. The ce…
Antonie van Leeuwunhoek
(1632-1723) Father of microbiology, known for improving the m…
Matthias Schleiden
"cell theory of plants" Botanist from 1838 that became convin…
48 terms
BIO HONORS // CELL BIOLOGY
Amphiphilic
Cholesterol (in the membrane)
Glycocalyx
Tissue transplant rejection
Phospholipids are _____ meaning they have both hydrophobic an…
Lipid found in the membrane which helps regulate the fluidity…
"sugar coat" formed by branching carbohydrate chains on integ…
Often cause by the large variation of glycocalyx (differences…
Amphiphilic
Phospholipids are _____ meaning they have both hydrophobic an…
Cholesterol (in the membrane)
Lipid found in the membrane which helps regulate the fluidity…
11 terms
Molecular Biology (Cell Bio)
What is the traditional microinjection…
Where do embryonic stem cells come from?
Embryonic stem cell technology
Potency
1- foreign DNA is inserted into one of pronuclei... 2- transfer…
Comes from inner cell mass of the blastocyst.
Descirbe here slide 23, lecture 23
Sum of all developmental options available to a cell... How many…
What is the traditional microinjection…
1- foreign DNA is inserted into one of pronuclei... 2- transfer…
Where do embryonic stem cells come from?
Comes from inner cell mass of the blastocyst.
155 terms
Cell Biology- Bio 0095
What does the atomic number tell us ab…
How many electrons are in an electron…
What is an ionic bond?
What is a covalent bond?
Tells how many protons are in an atom. Inadvertently tells th…
In the first ring there are two electrons and subsequent ring…
This is when one element gives an electron to another atom. L…
This is when two elements share electrons in their outer ring.
What does the atomic number tell us ab…
Tells how many protons are in an atom. Inadvertently tells th…
How many electrons are in an electron…
In the first ring there are two electrons and subsequent ring…
50 terms
IB Bio - Cell Biology & Genetics
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Endosymbiotic Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
Cells with a true nucleus... Their DNA is composed of many linea…
The theory is that a large host cell ingested small cells (po…
The Cell Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
Bio Quiz- Cell Biology
Diffusion
Permeable
Facilitated Diffusion
Osmosis
Net movement of the particles of a substance from where they…
Molecules freely pass through a membrane.
Most molecules, even if they are small, have restricted acces…
The passive transport of water across a selectively permeable…
Diffusion
Net movement of the particles of a substance from where they…
Permeable
Molecules freely pass through a membrane.
22 terms
bio final- cell biology
what is the basic unit of all life
State the three parts of the cell theory
Who is Robert Hooke
what are the main differences between…
a cell
cells are made from other cells, cells are the fundamental un…
The first person to see a cell
prokaryote - simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelle'…
what is the basic unit of all life
a cell
State the three parts of the cell theory
cells are made from other cells, cells are the fundamental un…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
31 terms
AP Bio-Biology of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
Organelles
Cytosol
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
prokaryotic: cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and mem…
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
Organelles
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
41 terms
Cellular Bio: The Cell in Biology
Ligand
Endocrine
Paracrine
Autocrine
A molecule that binds tightly and specifically to another (us…
Endocrine molecules (HORMONES) are Ligands that are anthem id…
Ligands are synthesized and released from a tissue in CLOSE P…
Ligands are synthesized and released from a cell; the cell of…
Ligand
A molecule that binds tightly and specifically to another (us…
Endocrine
Endocrine molecules (HORMONES) are Ligands that are anthem id…
24 terms
Biology 1: Cell Bio
Cell Theory
Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic
Membrane-Bound Organelles
Cell Membrane
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Eukaryotic cells contain true nucleus enclosed in membrane, p…
Found in eukaryotic cells to compartmentalize function:... - nuc…
- in eukaryotic cells, consist of phospholipid bilayer... - outs…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic cells contain true nucleus enclosed in membrane, p…
8 terms
2A Bio Cell Biology
smooth ER
Peroxisomes
signal sequence
Golgi app
lipid synth
breaks down fatty acids and aa produces H2O2 which is then co…
peptides will be threaded into the ER if they have this signa…
functions by modifying lipids and proteins that are packaged…
smooth ER
lipid synth
Peroxisomes
breaks down fatty acids and aa produces H2O2 which is then co…
BIO315: Cell biology
Compartmentalization
Scaffold for biochemical activities
Selectively permeable barrier
Transporting solutes
Membranes form continuous sheets that enclose intracellular c…
Membranes provide a framework that organizes enzymes for effe…
Membranes allow regulated exchange of substances between comp…
Membrane proteins facilitate the movement of substances betwe…
Compartmentalization
Membranes form continuous sheets that enclose intracellular c…
Scaffold for biochemical activities
Membranes provide a framework that organizes enzymes for effe…
9 terms
bio/ Cell Biology Review:
15) Compare and contrast prokaryotic a…
16) Compare and contrast Plant and Ani…
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Prokaryotes... No nucleus, nucleoid instead... Usually single-celle…
Animal Cell... No cell wall... More free formed /round... Lysosomes…
Known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles tha…
Key organelles involved in digestion and waste removal and ar…
15) Compare and contrast prokaryotic a…
Prokaryotes... No nucleus, nucleoid instead... Usually single-celle…
16) Compare and contrast Plant and Ani…
Animal Cell... No cell wall... More free formed /round... Lysosomes…
Bio Cell Biology
Prokaryote cell
Eukaryote cell
Phospholipid
Organelle
A cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound o…
A cell that does have a nucleus and other membrane-bound orga…
Molecule that forms a double layered cell membrane; consist o…
Membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Prokaryote cell
A cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound o…
Eukaryote cell
A cell that does have a nucleus and other membrane-bound orga…
28 terms
Bio A cell biology
nucleus
nuclear membrane
nucleolus
mitochondria
Contains DNA
Controls what goes in and out of the nucleus P. A.
Makes ribosomes P. A.
Organelles that convert chemical energy into something the ce…
nucleus
Contains DNA
nuclear membrane
Controls what goes in and out of the nucleus P. A.
85 terms
Bio SL Cell Biology
unicellular organisms carry out all th…
multicellular organisms have emergent…
cells differentiate to
light microscope advantages of unaided…
metabolism... response... homeostasis... growth... reproduction... nutrition
-form interaction of component parts ... -whole is greater than…
carry out specialized functions
-increased magnification... -increased resolution... -increased con…
unicellular organisms carry out all th…
metabolism... response... homeostasis... growth... reproduction... nutrition
multicellular organisms have emergent…
-form interaction of component parts ... -whole is greater than…
30 terms
bio 110 cell biology
cell ( plasma ) membrane
cytoskeleton
nuclear membrane
chromatin
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
a network of fibrous proteins that governs the shape and move…
surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic ce…
highly condensed and wrapped around nuclear proteins in order…
cell ( plasma ) membrane
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
cytoskeleton
a network of fibrous proteins that governs the shape and move…
27 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
cytology
compartmentalization
nucleus
ribosomes
the scientific study of cells
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
largest organelle in the cell
protein factories
cytology
the scientific study of cells
compartmentalization
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
bio 2 cell biology
the jobs of cells
cell membrane
vacuoles and vesicles
lysosomes
make energy, make proteins, make more cells
separates cell from outside.. phospholipid bilayer
move and store material.. membrane sac
digest food, clean up and recycle.. membrane sac of digested…
the jobs of cells
make energy, make proteins, make more cells
cell membrane
separates cell from outside.. phospholipid bilayer
41 terms
Bio: Cell Biology
Who discovered Cells
What year and how were cells discovered
Cell theory
Prokaryotic cells
Robert Hook
1665, observed cork cells under a microscope
1. All living things are made of cells ... 2. Cells are the basi…
Bacteria cells... small and simple ... have cell membrane and DNA a…
Who discovered Cells
Robert Hook
What year and how were cells discovered
1665, observed cork cells under a microscope
80 terms
Cell Biology-AP Bio
Major Elements of Life
Organic Compounds
Cell division
Information storage and transferral
P.S. CHON
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
Nucleus, chromatin, microtubules, microfilaments
Chromatin, nucleus
Major Elements of Life
P.S. CHON
Organic Compounds
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
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