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Study sets matching "bio biology stems roots"

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Study sets matching "bio biology stems roots"

15 terms
Stems & Roots (BIO 439L)
Liana
Rhizome
Stolon
Stem tendril
woody vine
horizontal, more or less underground stem.
horizontal stem growing along the ground that may form roots.
grasping structure to clasp on surrounding objects for support.
Liana
woody vine
Rhizome
horizontal, more or less underground stem.
49 terms
Roots Stems & Leaves Bio
Sieve Tubes
Indusium
Cuticle
Lateral Meristem
a specialised type of elongated cell in the phloem tissue
a thin membrane covering the underside of the fern
a water-impervious protective layer covering the epidermal ce…
surround the established stem of a plant and cause it to grow…
Sieve Tubes
a specialised type of elongated cell in the phloem tissue
Indusium
a thin membrane covering the underside of the fern
19 terms
Biology Root-Stems
Aer-
Chrom-
Cleav-
Diplo-
Air
Colored
To divide
Double, twofold
Aer-
Air
Chrom-
Colored
15 terms
BIOLOGY: Roots, Stems, Leaves
water, inorganic nutrients
nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
anchors the plant, storage
monocot
2 things roots absorb
3 inorganic nutrients that roots absorb
2 functions of roots
Flower parts in multiple of three (3);... Stomata in parallel rows
water, inorganic nutrients
2 things roots absorb
nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
3 inorganic nutrients that roots absorb
14 terms
Bio Roots and Stems
Where do root structure usually grow?
Why are root structures important?
What do roots do?
What do roots store?
underground
Because they help anchor plants into the soil
absorb and transport organic compounds
Water and orgnaic compounds
Where do root structure usually grow?
underground
Why are root structures important?
Because they help anchor plants into the soil
50 terms
bio roots and stems
carotenes color
anthocyanin color
xanthophyll
what controls plant growth and develop…
orange
red and blue
yellow
hormones
carotenes color
orange
anthocyanin color
red and blue
95 terms
Biology Stems and Roots
a-, an-, non-, un-
adi-, lip-
aero-
amphi-
Without, not
Fat
Air, Oxygen
Both sides
a-, an-, non-, un-
Without, not
adi-, lip-
Fat
115 terms
Bio roots & stems
A-, an, non, un-
Adi, lip-
Aero
Ana
Without not... Anaerobic
Fat... Adipose
Air, oxygen... Anaerobic
Up... Anabolic
A-, an, non, un-
Without not... Anaerobic
Adi, lip-
Fat... Adipose
43 terms
Biology Roots, Stems, & Leaves Review
Parenchyma Cells
Collenchyma Cells
Sclerenchyma Cells
Xylem
puffy, deals with storage
thick cell walls, deal with structural support
contain very thick, hard secondary walls lined with lignin; s…
transports water and nutrients from the roots throughout the…
Parenchyma Cells
puffy, deals with storage
Collenchyma Cells
thick cell walls, deal with structural support
20 terms
Biology 4 Stems and Roots
Annual growth rings
Diffusion
Osmosis
Grafting
The distinct layers of xylem that result from the patterns of…
The movement of molecules from a region of higher concentrati…
One-way diffusion (generally of water) through a semipermeabl…
Transplanting living tissue from one plant to another
Annual growth rings
The distinct layers of xylem that result from the patterns of…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from a region of higher concentrati…
114 terms
ap bio stems and roots
met-
meter-
metro-
micro-
between along after
instrument for way of measuring
uterus
small
met-
between along after
meter-
instrument for way of measuring
21 terms
Biology: Roots and Stems
Where do roots usually grow?
What do roots that grow underground he…
True or False: Roots absorb and transp…
What do roots store?
underground
anchor the plant into the soil
true
water and organic compounds
Where do roots usually grow?
underground
What do roots that grow underground he…
anchor the plant into the soil
9 terms
Biology roots/stems
A-
Aero-
Auto-
Bi-
Without
Air
Self
two
A-
Without
Aero-
Air
14 terms
biology- stems, roots, leaves
root function
fibrous roots
tap roots
root structure
anchor plants in ground, absorb water& minerals from the soil…
tangled mess, absorb more water& minerals, have a larger surf…
large main central roots, adaption for reaching deep water in…
apical meristem, cells along roots and stem. root cap
root function
anchor plants in ground, absorb water& minerals from the soil…
fibrous roots
tangled mess, absorb more water& minerals, have a larger surf…
9 terms
Latin Root Stems Biology
ab-
ad-
aero-
anti-
not
to/toward
air, oxygen
against
ab-
not
ad-
to/toward
24 terms
Biology- Roots, Stems, Leaves
meristematic tissue
apical meristem
ground tissue
vascular tissue
Tissue that is capable of starting new plant growth
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increa…
tissue that fills the interior of the plant
tissue that transports water and nutrients, provides support
meristematic tissue
Tissue that is capable of starting new plant growth
apical meristem
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increa…
50 terms
Biology Stems, Leaves, Roots
Bryophytes
Tracheophytes
Small, need water to reproduce
Moss
Non-Vascular Plants
Vascular Plants
Characteristics of Bryophytes
Example of a Bryophyte
Bryophytes
Non-Vascular Plants
Tracheophytes
Vascular Plants
14 terms
Biology Stems and Roots 1
Bio-
-logy
Vari-
-able
Living/life
The study of
Change
Capable/can
Bio-
Living/life
-logy
The study of
26 terms
Bio Roots/Stems + Bio Terms
Proteo-, Prot-
Lipo-,Lip-
Saccharo-, Saccahar-
Amylo-, Amyl-
Protein
Fatty, Lipid
Sugar
Starch or Polysaccharide in nature or origin
Proteo-, Prot-
Protein
Lipo-,Lip-
Fatty, Lipid
18 terms
Biology: Roots, Stems, and Leaves
stomata
surfaces of leaves and green stems
trichomes
help reduce the evaporation of water a…
openings in the leaf epidermis that helps control exchange of…
Where is the stomata found?
harr-like projections that make an organ appear fuzzy
What two things do trichomes do?
stomata
openings in the leaf epidermis that helps control exchange of…
surfaces of leaves and green stems
Where is the stomata found?
10 terms
Bio Quiz Stem and Roots
What are the 3 main functions of the s…
Where is the terminal bud located?
Axillary buds (lateral buds)
Node
Support, Growth, Transport
At the tip of the stem
Located in leaf axils
Area on stem where leaf is attached
What are the 3 main functions of the s…
Support, Growth, Transport
Where is the terminal bud located?
At the tip of the stem
29 terms
Biology: Roots and Stems
Plants having one cotyledon are called
Plants having two cotyledons are called
The embryo in the seed represents the
The flower contains the male and female
Monocot
Dicot
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Plants having one cotyledon are called
Monocot
Plants having two cotyledons are called
Dicot
20 terms
Biology 4 Stems and Roots
Annual growth rings
Diffusion
Osmosis
Grafting
The distinct layers of xylem that result from the patterns of…
The movement of molecules from a region of higher concentrati…
One-way diffusion (generally of water) through a semipermeabl…
Transplanting living tissue from one plant to another
Annual growth rings
The distinct layers of xylem that result from the patterns of…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from a region of higher concentrati…
26 terms
Biology Roots and Stems Quiz
a-, an-, non-, un-
adi-, lip-
aero-
ana-
Without, Not
Fat
Air, Oxygen
Up
a-, an-, non-, un-
Without, Not
adi-, lip-
Fat
Biology, Chapter 22.2, Roots, Stems and Leaves
root cap
cortex plants
endodermis
pericycle
tip of a root; consists of parenchyma cells that produce a sl…
layer below the epidermal layer; composed of ground tissues;…
a layere of cells on the inner boundary of the cortex
the layer of cells directly next to the endodermis toward the…
root cap
tip of a root; consists of parenchyma cells that produce a sl…
cortex plants
layer below the epidermal layer; composed of ground tissues;…
10 terms
Biology Roots a-bio
a, an
aer
amphi
ana
not, without
air, oxygen
both, about, around
apart
a, an
not, without
aer
air, oxygen
Bio root stems 1-10
a or an
meso
endo
aero
not or non
middle
inner, inside
needing oxygen or air
a or an
not or non
meso
middle
86 terms
HN Biology Chapter 24 - Roots, Stems, & Leaves
a specialized type of elongated cell i…
What does the lateral meristem do to t…
What makes up the lateral meristem?
tissue that gives rise to the cork lay…
sieve tubes
It causes the stem to have an increased girth.
cork cambium and vascular cambium
cork cambium
a specialized type of elongated cell i…
sieve tubes
What does the lateral meristem do to t…
It causes the stem to have an increased girth.
10 terms
Bio Quiz: Stems, Roots and Leaves
Vascular Tissue (xylem)... Made of?... Cell…
Vascular Tissue (Phloem) ... Made of?... Ce…
Cohesion Tension Theory
Pressure Flow Hypothesis
Xylem → water ... o Made of → dead cells ... o Cell wall → Thick ... o…
Phloem → food ... o Made of → living cells ... o Cell wall → thin…
Xylem (water movement through plant with NO energy) ... • Cohesi…
Phloem (how sugars move through a plant) ... • ATP is required t…
Vascular Tissue (xylem)... Made of?... Cell…
Xylem → water ... o Made of → dead cells ... o Cell wall → Thick ... o…
Vascular Tissue (Phloem) ... Made of?... Ce…
Phloem → food ... o Made of → living cells ... o Cell wall → thin…
35 terms
BIO 400 -- The Roots of Biology
why did hunter-gather peoples need a w…
why did they need knowledge of plants?
what happened with the domestication o…
what traits were selected for during d…
they needed knowledge of animal behavior, internal anatomy an…
knowledge of plant diversity and uses -- plants as food, medi…
it means their reproduction fell under human control so as di…
larger seed sizes... no dormancy periods... non-shattering inflores…
why did hunter-gather peoples need a w…
they needed knowledge of animal behavior, internal anatomy an…
why did they need knowledge of plants?
knowledge of plant diversity and uses -- plants as food, medi…
92 terms
Bio root quiz #Biology
A (an)
Bio
Mono
Hypo
Whithout
Life
One,single
Below, under
A (an)
Whithout
Bio
Life
Roots & Stems - Bio Chapter 36
single large root with small branch ro…
many small roots of similar diameter
Keep the plant upright
Obtain water from the air
taproot system
fibrous root system
prop roots
aerial roots
single large root with small branch ro…
taproot system
many small roots of similar diameter
fibrous root system
10 terms
STEM Bio Roots 51-60
eu-
ex-, extra-, exo-
gastr-
geo
true
out, outside, beyond
stomach
earth
eu-
true
ex-, extra-, exo-
out, outside, beyond
23 terms
AP Bio Roots, Shoots, & Stems
Root System
Shoot System
Root
Taproot System
Non-photosynthetic, require organic nutrients from shoot system
Consists of stems and leaves, depends on the water and minera…
an organ that anchors a vascular plant, absorbs minerals and…
prevalent in most eudicots and gymnosperms. consists of one m…
Root System
Non-photosynthetic, require organic nutrients from shoot system
Shoot System
Consists of stems and leaves, depends on the water and minera…
Biology Roots, Stems, and Leaves Assessment
histology
monocotyledonous
dicotyledonous
woody
the study of the microscopic structures of plant tissue
plant sprouting with one seed leaf
plant sprouting with two seed leaves
in stem, xylem are arranged in rings
histology
the study of the microscopic structures of plant tissue
monocotyledonous
plant sprouting with one seed leaf
31 terms
HN Biology: Roots, Stems, and Leaves
roots and shoots
Roots
Stems
Leaves
name the two parts of the plant system
a. they absorb water and nutrients... b. they anchor plants and…
•The above-ground portion of a plant... •They transport nutrient…
•Photosynthesis occurs... •Gas Exchange
roots and shoots
name the two parts of the plant system
Roots
a. they absorb water and nutrients... b. they anchor plants and…
9 terms
Bio Latin Root Stems 5
Homo
hydro
hyper
hypo
same
water
excess
under
Homo
same
hydro
water
17 terms
Biology ch 4 (Stem and roots)
2 parts of the external structure of w…
2 kinds of growth in woody stems
Internal structure of woody stems
The epidermis and cortex of bark are-…
Dormant twig and growth
Primary-length,excurrent,deliquescence... Secondary-width
Bark... Vascular cambium... Wood
Young... Old
2 parts of the external structure of w…
Dormant twig and growth
2 kinds of growth in woody stems
Primary-length,excurrent,deliquescence... Secondary-width
50 terms
Biology Chapter 4 [Stems and Roots]
terminal
lateral
bud scales
bud scale scar
apical (length growth)
(axillary) buds located along sides of twig
protect bud
where previous buds were
terminal
apical (length growth)
lateral
(axillary) buds located along sides of twig
47 terms
Biology Finals: Roots, Stems, & Leaves
What are the two components of dermal…
What is the function of dermal tissue?
What are the three components of groun…
What is the function of ground tissue?
epidermis & periderm
protection & prevent water loss
parenchyma, collenchyma, & schlenerchyma
metabolism, storage, & support
What are the two components of dermal…
epidermis & periderm
What is the function of dermal tissue?
protection & prevent water loss
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 4: Stems and Roots
leaves, stems, and roots
bud
Terminal bud/apical
Lateral Bud/axillary
The principle parts of a green plant
the parts of the stem which allow it to grow in length or to…
The large bud at the end of the twig allows the stem to grow…
The buds that grow in the space formed between the leaf petio…
leaves, stems, and roots
The principle parts of a green plant
bud
the parts of the stem which allow it to grow in length or to…
73 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Stems and roots
Dormant (inactive) twig
Terminal (apical) bud
Lateral (axillary) bud
Bud scale
Still attached to tree during winter
Found on the end of the twig
Grow and cause branching
Prevents from drying out
Dormant (inactive) twig
Still attached to tree during winter
Terminal (apical) bud
Found on the end of the twig
48 terms
Bio W7: Roots, Stems and Leaves
primary root
Main concepts:
organ and system
vascular plant
first root that emerges from seed embryo (often becomes tapro…
1. PLants have a heirarchial orgaisatn of organs, tissues and…
organs are several types of tissues that together carry out s…
rely on root system (roots) and stem system* (stem and leav…
primary root
first root that emerges from seed embryo (often becomes tapro…
Main concepts:
1. PLants have a heirarchial orgaisatn of organs, tissues and…
9 terms
101: (9) Plant Bio 1- Roots and Stems
monocot
dicot
root - monocot
root - dicot
- one cotyledon... - parallel veins on leaf... - flowers in 3's
- two cotyledon... - branches veins on leaf... - flowers in 4 or 5's
- xylem and phloem in a ring... - large vascular cylinder... - endo…
- endodermis... - no central pith... - xylem is cross shaped
monocot
- one cotyledon... - parallel veins on leaf... - flowers in 3's
dicot
- two cotyledon... - branches veins on leaf... - flowers in 4 or 5's
8 terms
Latin Root Stems Biology 2
bi-
bio-
cardio-
cephalo-
two
life
heart
head
bi-
two
bio-
life
115 terms
HN Biology Roots, Stems, and Leaves Practical
epidermal tissue
phloem
xylem
ground tissue
includes several differentiated cell types: epidermal cells,…
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other…
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts water and dissolv…
includes all tissues that are neither dermal nor vascular. It…
epidermal tissue
includes several differentiated cell types: epidermal cells,…
phloem
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other…
8 terms
Bio test on stems and roots
Hyphae
Mycelium
Vascular tissue
Cone
each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of…
the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a network of f…
consisting of phloem and xylem, by which water and nutrients…
the dry fruit of a conifer
Hyphae
each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of…
Mycelium
the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a network of f…
Botany bio test- roots and stems
Tuber
Rhizone
Bulb
Corm
Potato ... Has nodes
Fern or iris... Multiple nodes
Tulip or onion... Single aerial shoot
Gladiolus... Multiple aerial shoots
Tuber
Potato ... Has nodes
Rhizone
Fern or iris... Multiple nodes
19 terms
Bio2 Stems, secondary growth and roots
facilitates the transport of materials…
Xylem conducts water and dissolved min…
Phloem transports sugars from where __…
Parenchyma Cells
The vascular tissue system
upward
they are made ,where they are needed.
...
facilitates the transport of materials…
The vascular tissue system
Xylem conducts water and dissolved min…
upward
Bio Lab Practical - Roots, Stems, and Leaves
primary root
taproot
fibrous roots
fibrous roots
What is the large root that grows straight down in a taproot?
What kind of root do gymnosperms and dicots usually have?
What kind of root does a monocot have?
What kind of roots don't have a primary root?
primary root
What is the large root that grows straight down in a taproot?
taproot
What kind of root do gymnosperms and dicots usually have?
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