Study sets matching "bio chapter 4 guide"

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Study sets matching "bio chapter 4 guide"

AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cytoskeleton
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
The increase in an objects image size compared with its actua…
The measure of clarity an image has
Cytoskeleton
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
Light Microscope
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
26 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
Robert Hook discovered cells in slices of cork
first to discover living cells in microorganisms
First to identify plant cells
first to identify animal cells
Hooke
Robert Hook discovered cells in slices of cork
Leeuwenhoek
first to discover living cells in microorganisms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Section 4.1
Weather v. Climate?
What are the factors affecting Climate?
What do clouds contain? From where? How?
-
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
1. Trapped solar energy in the Biosphere (causes greenhouse g…
Clouds contain water which might be from far away places but…
Section 4.1
-
Weather v. Climate?
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
A region's ___ is defined by year afte…
An organism's tolerance range for temp…
An organism's tolerance range for ____…
An organism's _____ _____ for temperat…
climate
where it lives
temperature... precipitation... abiotic factors
tolerance range
A region's ___ is defined by year afte…
climate
An organism's tolerance range for temp…
where it lives
41 terms
Biology Focus Guide Chapter 4
Aphotic Zone
Boreal Forest
Cause of Wind Patterns
Circulation of importance in lakes
No photosynthesis (very dark)
A band of mixed coniferous, long cold winters, short summers
Uneven hearing of the earth
Mixes heat, oxygen and nutrients
Aphotic Zone
No photosynthesis (very dark)
Boreal Forest
A band of mixed coniferous, long cold winters, short summers
33 terms
Chapter 4 Study Guide - Biology
Exfoliation
Surface area
Rock composition
Climate
process in which layers of exfoliation... rock gradually break off
the more exposed area, the faster the breakdown of rock (chem…
Minerals are defined by geologists as naturally occurring ino…
chemical weathering occurs in wet, hot areas faster than cold…
Exfoliation
process in which layers of exfoliation... rock gradually break off
Surface area
the more exposed area, the faster the breakdown of rock (chem…
10 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
An organism's niche
Abiotic
Year after year temperature and precipitation
Atmospheric gases trap the sun's heat in the earth's atmosphe…
The place best suited for it because of the living and nonliv…
Physical, or nonliving, factors that shape ecosystems
Climate
Year after year temperature and precipitation
Greenhouse Effect
Atmospheric gases trap the sun's heat in the earth's atmosphe…
Biology study guide chapter 4
Geographic distribution
Population density
Growth rate
Age structure graphs
Range of a species by location (climate, food, other species,…
The amount of specific individuals in a specific area calcula…
Rate at which a population grows
A graph that shows the amount of species per age group per sp…
Geographic distribution
Range of a species by location (climate, food, other species,…
Population density
The amount of specific individuals in a specific area calcula…
24 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Which states that all living things ar…
Bacteria and archaea. Has nucleoid ins…
Animals, plants and protists. Has nucl…
Region between nucleus and plasma memb…
Cell theory
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Cytoplasm
Which states that all living things ar…
Cell theory
Bacteria and archaea. Has nucleoid ins…
Prokaryotic
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Explain the elements of Stanley Miller…
What was collected in Stanley Miller's…
What was concluded from the results of…
How many valence electrons does carbon…
(1) A water mixture is heated in the "sea" flask and then ent…
Samples of the cycling material were collected. He identified…
Organic molecules may have been synthesized abiotically on th…
4;4;covalent bonds
Explain the elements of Stanley Miller…
(1) A water mixture is heated in the "sea" flask and then ent…
What was collected in Stanley Miller's…
Samples of the cycling material were collected. He identified…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Characteristics of a Eukaryote
Characteristics of a Prokaryote
SA:Vol Ratio
Cell Size
¤ Contain a nucleus and mitochondria... ¤ More complex... ¤ Linear…
¤ No nucleus or mitochondria... ¤ Circular DNA... ¤ No membrane-cov…
•As the size of the cell increases, the surface-area-to-volum…
•As the size of the cell increases, the volume increases more…
Characteristics of a Eukaryote
¤ Contain a nucleus and mitochondria... ¤ More complex... ¤ Linear…
Characteristics of a Prokaryote
¤ No nucleus or mitochondria... ¤ Circular DNA... ¤ No membrane-cov…
31 terms
Biology Ch4 Study Guide
Control center of the cell and contain…
A system of membranes that modifies an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
"Powerhouse of the cell." Double membr…
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Nuclear Envelope
Mitochondria
Control center of the cell and contain…
Nucleus
A system of membranes that modifies an…
Golgi Apparatus
35 terms
Beavers Biology I Chapter 4 Study Guide
cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
first person to see cells
Observed living cells in a microscope
All plants are composed of cells
cell
the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
Robert Hooke
first person to see cells
26 terms
Biology A Guide to the Natural World Chapter 4
cell wall
central vacuole
chloroplast
cilia
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
The organelle within plant an algae cells that is the site of…
Hair like extensions of a cell, composed of microtubules.
cell wall
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
central vacuole
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nucleolus
controls what moves in and out of the cell; part of every cel…
Protect the cell and provides support; only in plant cells; m…
storage site for the DNA, control center of the cell; contain…
produces ribosomes
Cell membrane
controls what moves in and out of the cell; part of every cel…
Cell wall
Protect the cell and provides support; only in plant cells; m…
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
What type of microscope, light microsc…
What are the two ways that we can dist…
Why are mitochondria and chloroplasts…
What is the endosymbiosis theory to ex…
An electron microscope provides higher magnification and reso…
-Prokaryotic cells do not have DNA contained in a membrane-en…
They are called semi-autonomous because they contain their ow…
The endosymbiosis theory states that mitochondria and... chlorop…
What type of microscope, light microsc…
An electron microscope provides higher magnification and reso…
What are the two ways that we can dist…
-Prokaryotic cells do not have DNA contained in a membrane-en…
40 terms
Chapter 4 Study Guide Biology
Chaparral
Boreal Forest (taiga)
Tundra
Desert
- fires ... -2 seasons ... - dry, warm summers ... -california
- Mrs.Mike setting... -Alaska, Russia, Canada... - long, cold winte…
-extremely cold winters... - permafrost ... -polar bears
- always dry ... - saline soils (salt) ... - nocturnal or nomadic a…
Chaparral
- fires ... -2 seasons ... - dry, warm summers ... -california
Boreal Forest (taiga)
- Mrs.Mike setting... -Alaska, Russia, Canada... - long, cold winte…
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Cell
Cells> tissue> organs> organ systems>…
Robert Hooke
How did Hooke name the cell
Smallest living unit of life
Population> communities> ecosystems> biosphere
Was English discoverer who was the first to view and describe…
By looking at cork(plant product) and thought the many boxes…
Cell
Smallest living unit of life
Cells> tissue> organs> organ systems>…
Population> communities> ecosystems> biosphere
What is Life? A Guide to Biology; Chapter 4
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic
Energy is..?
The Capacity to do work: moving matter against an opposing fo…
Molecules in area of high concentration; Chemical Energy
The energy of motion
Never created or destroyed; it only changes from one form to…
Energy
The Capacity to do work: moving matter against an opposing fo…
Potential Energy
Molecules in area of high concentration; Chemical Energy
31 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
1. Climate is a global factor that pro…
2. Earth has three main climate zones…
3. Which an abiotic factor that affect…
7. Different species that share the sa…
C. a wide range of environmental conditions that shape commun…
B. angle of heating
C. number of predators in an ecosystem
D. occupy different niches
1. Climate is a global factor that pro…
C. a wide range of environmental conditions that shape commun…
2. Earth has three main climate zones…
B. angle of heating
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cytoskeleton
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
The increase in an objects image size compared with its actua…
The measure of clarity an image has
Cytoskeleton
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
Light Microscope
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
Biology A Guide to the Natural World Chapter 4
cell wall
central vacuole
chloroplast
cilia
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
The organelle within plant an algae cells that is the site of…
Hair like extensions of a cell, composed of microtubules.
cell wall
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
central vacuole
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
Chapter 4 study Guide For Biology
ATP
Carbohydrates
Chemosynthesis
CO2
is a molecule that carries the chemical energy that cells use…
molecules found in the food we eat that are most commonly bro…
is a process through which some organisms use energy from che…
is a reactant in photosynthesis.
ATP
is a molecule that carries the chemical energy that cells use…
Carbohydrates
molecules found in the food we eat that are most commonly bro…
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
A cell is the smallest unit of living things. Carries genetic…
1. All living organisms are made of one or more cells... 2. Cell…
Cells are surrounded by fluid, Facilitate transfers between c…
The fluid surrounding the organelles inside of a cell.
Cell
A cell is the smallest unit of living things. Carries genetic…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are made of one or more cells... 2. Cell…
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
ADP
Autotrophs
Chlorophyll
Light dependent reactions
The resulting molecule when ATP releases energy and a phospha…
Organisms that can make food from carbon dioxide and and ener…
Photosynthetic pigment that reflects green light and absorbs…
This is the phase of photosynthesis in which light provides e…
ADP
The resulting molecule when ATP releases energy and a phospha…
Autotrophs
Organisms that can make food from carbon dioxide and and ener…
59 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Robert Hooke
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Rudolf Virchow
1665: observed cork under microscope and called them cells bc…
(1839) Observed living plant specimens and found that they ar…
1839 Noticed that all animal samples he observed were made up…
1855 Studied cell division and concluded that all cells arise…
Robert Hooke
1665: observed cork under microscope and called them cells bc…
Matthias Schleiden
(1839) Observed living plant specimens and found that they ar…
35 terms
chapter 4 biology study guide
scanning electron microscope
transmission electron microscope
SA:V
prokaryote
electron microscope that reflects electrons back
electron microscope that lets electrons through and measures…
reason cells are small
cells that have no organelles because less resources are needed
scanning electron microscope
electron microscope that reflects electrons back
transmission electron microscope
electron microscope that lets electrons through and measures…
65 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Describe the main characteristics of o…
Explain the 3 tenets of Cell Theory
Compare the size of prokaryotes to euk…
Identify the difference between unicel…
1.) Made of cells... 2.) Require energy... 3.) Reproduce ... 4.) Maint…
1.) All living things are made of cells... 2.) Cells are the bas…
Plant and animal cells are ten times larger than most bacteria
Multicellular organisms are composed of many cells that poten…
Describe the main characteristics of o…
1.) Made of cells... 2.) Require energy... 3.) Reproduce ... 4.) Maint…
Explain the 3 tenets of Cell Theory
1.) All living things are made of cells... 2.) Cells are the bas…
30 terms
study guide chapter 4 biology
Ultrasound can aid in the diagnosis of
Which of the following statements is F…
This type of testing is usually used t…
This type of testing is used to test u…
trisomy 21..
It involves recovering fetal cells from the mother's blood.*
Presymptomatic testing
D. Carrier testing*
Ultrasound can aid in the diagnosis of
trisomy 21..
Which of the following statements is F…
It involves recovering fetal cells from the mother's blood.*
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Glycoprotein
GlycoLipid
Integral Protein
Peripheral Protein
sugar bonded to a proteins
sugar bonded to a lipid
embedded in the bilayer
on surface of the bilayer
Glycoprotein
sugar bonded to a proteins
GlycoLipid
sugar bonded to a lipid
32 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
An organism's niche includes the way t…
A series of more-or-less predictable c…
________ is the average, year-after-ye…
__________ are the first species to co…
reproduce
ecological succession
climate
Pioneer species
An organism's niche includes the way t…
reproduce
A series of more-or-less predictable c…
ecological succession
30 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration Equation
Alcoholic Fermentation
Electron Transport Chain
releases chemical energy from sugars and other carbon based m…
O2 + C6 H12 O6 = CO2 + H2O + energy
recycles NAD+ and allows glycolysis to keep making ATP
made up of proteins; takes place in and across the inner memb…
Cellular Respiration
releases chemical energy from sugars and other carbon based m…
Cellular Respiration Equation
O2 + C6 H12 O6 = CO2 + H2O + energy
24 terms
Biology chapter 4 study guide
amino acid structure
grouping of amino acids
hyprophobic amino acids
special amino acids
-alpha carbon... -carboxyl group... -amino group... -H... -R-group
-hydrophobic ... -hydrophilic... -basic... -acidic... -polar... -special AAs
-hydrophobic side chains amphipathic
-glycine-small, not asymmetric, allows for freer rotation... -pr…
amino acid structure
-alpha carbon... -carboxyl group... -amino group... -H... -R-group
grouping of amino acids
-hydrophobic ... -hydrophilic... -basic... -acidic... -polar... -special AAs
35 terms
Chapter 4 biology study guide
chromatin
free rimisomes
bound rimisomes
mitochondria
makes chromosomes, mass of proteins
function in cytosol
cell membrane, organelles, exported
carrie out cellular respiration, sugars --> ATP
chromatin
makes chromosomes, mass of proteins
free rimisomes
function in cytosol
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Climate
Weather
Abiotic Factor
Biotic Factor
average, year after year conditions of temperature
conditions of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
physical, or non-living, factor that shapes an ecosystem
biological influence on organisms within an ecosystem
Climate
average, year after year conditions of temperature
Weather
conditions of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
Biology Midterms Guide Chapter 4
Passive transport
Concentration gradient
equilibrium
diffusion
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
concentration gradient
A condition in which the concentration of substance is equal…
The movement of a substance from an area of high concentratio…
Passive transport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
Concentration gradient
concentration gradient
Biology chapter 4 Study Guide
Weather
Climate
Greenhouse effect
Polar zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
Climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
Biology chapter 4 study Guide
ATP
ADP
Cycle from ATP to ADP
Cycle from ADP to ATP
organic molecules that acts as the main energy source for cel…
a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
ATP removes a phosphate and energy is released for cell funct…
ADP adds a phosphate and energy breaks down
ATP
organic molecules that acts as the main energy source for cel…
ADP
a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4 study guide
Passive trasport
Active transport
Sodium Potassium Pump
exocytosis
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
the transport of a substance across the cell membrane against…
carrier protein in animal cells that transports 3 sodium ions…
the movement of a large substance by a vesicle outside of a c…
Passive trasport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
Active transport
the transport of a substance across the cell membrane against…
31 terms
Biology Study Guide chapter 4
What are the steps of setting up a mic…
Explain the staining process
Antonio Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
1. clean the eyepiece, objectives, platform, and light source…
-start with small pieces of organs solidified in wax... -a machi…
-The father of microscopy... -constructed over 200 microscopes (…
-looked at piece of cork... -gave us the word "cells"... -the cell…
What are the steps of setting up a mic…
1. clean the eyepiece, objectives, platform, and light source…
Explain the staining process
-start with small pieces of organs solidified in wax... -a machi…
30 terms
Biology chapter 4 study guide
Weather
Climate
Microclimates
Carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor
Day to day conditions involving temperature, precipitation, e…
Average weather conditions year after year patterns of temper…
Environmental conditions that vary over small areas.
Greenhouse gases
Weather
Day to day conditions involving temperature, precipitation, e…
Climate
Average weather conditions year after year patterns of temper…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cytoskeleton
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
The increase in an objects image size compared with its actua…
The measure of clarity an image has
Cytoskeleton
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
Light Microscope
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
Chapter 4 Biology Vocab. Study Guid
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Thylakoid
Light-dependent Reactions
Process by which will take inorganic energy in the form of su…
Green pigment found in photosynthetic organisms.... Synonym: pla…
Membranes found within the chloroplast.... Synonym: green pancak…
"First" stage of photosynthesis.... Synonym: ADP... Antonym: Light-…
Photosynthesis
Process by which will take inorganic energy in the form of su…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment found in photosynthetic organisms.... Synonym: pla…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
angiosperm
vascular
monocot
seed plants
flowering plants
a plant with tube-like cells
an angiosperm that has one seed leaf
divided into flowering plants and nonflowering plants
angiosperm
flowering plants
vascular
a plant with tube-like cells
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
autotroph
heterotroph
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
process of producing ATP by breaking down carbon-based molecu…
organism that obtains its energy from abiotic sources, such a…
organism that obtains its energy and nutrients by consuming o…
photosynthesis
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
cellular respiration
process of producing ATP by breaking down carbon-based molecu…
51 terms
Biology Vocabulary Study Guide: Chapter 4
Weather
Climate
Micro climates
(Fact)
the day to day condition of the Earth's atmosphere
average conditions over long periods
caused by environmental conditions varied over small distances
a regions climate is defined by year after year patterns of t…
Weather
the day to day condition of the Earth's atmosphere
Climate
average conditions over long periods
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