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Study sets matching "bio chapter 4 guide"

28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cytoskeleton
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
The increase in an objects image size compared with its actua…
The measure of clarity an image has
Cytoskeleton
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
Light Microscope
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
26 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
Robert Hook discovered cells in slices of cork
first to discover living cells in microorganisms
First to identify plant cells
first to identify animal cells
Hooke
Robert Hook discovered cells in slices of cork
Leeuwenhoek
first to discover living cells in microorganisms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Section 4.1
Weather v. Climate?
What are the factors affecting Climate?
What do clouds contain? From where? How?
-
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
1. Trapped solar energy in the Biosphere (causes greenhouse g…
Clouds contain water which might be from far away places but…
Section 4.1
-
Weather v. Climate?
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
A region's ___ is defined by year afte…
An organism's tolerance range for temp…
An organism's tolerance range for ____…
An organism's _____ _____ for temperat…
climate
where it lives
temperature... precipitation... abiotic factors
tolerance range
A region's ___ is defined by year afte…
climate
An organism's tolerance range for temp…
where it lives
22 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
10 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
An organism's niche
Abiotic
Year after year temperature and precipitation
Atmospheric gases trap the sun's heat in the earth's atmosphe…
The place best suited for it because of the living and nonliv…
Physical, or nonliving, factors that shape ecosystems
Climate
Year after year temperature and precipitation
Greenhouse Effect
Atmospheric gases trap the sun's heat in the earth's atmosphe…
24 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Which states that all living things ar…
Bacteria and archaea. Has nucleoid ins…
Animals, plants and protists. Has nucl…
Region between nucleus and plasma memb…
Cell theory
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Cytoplasm
Which states that all living things ar…
Cell theory
Bacteria and archaea. Has nucleoid ins…
Prokaryotic
33 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Characteristics of a Eukaryote
Characteristics of a Prokaryote
SA:Vol Ratio
Cell Size
¤ Contain a nucleus and mitochondria... ¤ More complex... ¤ Linear…
¤ No nucleus or mitochondria... ¤ Circular DNA... ¤ No membrane-cov…
•As the size of the cell increases, the surface-area-to-volum…
•As the size of the cell increases, the volume increases more…
Characteristics of a Eukaryote
¤ Contain a nucleus and mitochondria... ¤ More complex... ¤ Linear…
Characteristics of a Prokaryote
¤ No nucleus or mitochondria... ¤ Circular DNA... ¤ No membrane-cov…
18 terms
Biology study guide chapter 4
Geographic distribution
Population density
Growth rate
Age structure graphs
Range of a species by location (climate, food, other species,…
The amount of specific individuals in a specific area calcula…
Rate at which a population grows
A graph that shows the amount of species per age group per sp…
Geographic distribution
Range of a species by location (climate, food, other species,…
Population density
The amount of specific individuals in a specific area calcula…
41 terms
Biology Focus Guide Chapter 4
Aphotic Zone
Boreal Forest
Cause of Wind Patterns
Circulation of importance in lakes
No photosynthesis (very dark)
A band of mixed coniferous, long cold winters, short summers
Uneven hearing of the earth
Mixes heat, oxygen and nutrients
Aphotic Zone
No photosynthesis (very dark)
Boreal Forest
A band of mixed coniferous, long cold winters, short summers
31 terms
Biology Ch4 Study Guide
Control center of the cell and contain…
A system of membranes that modifies an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
"Powerhouse of the cell." Double membr…
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Nuclear Envelope
Mitochondria
Control center of the cell and contain…
Nucleus
A system of membranes that modifies an…
Golgi Apparatus
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Section 4.1
Weather v. Climate?
What are the factors affecting Climate?
Define the Greenhouse Effect.
-
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
1. Latitude... 2.Transport of heat by wind... 3. Shape and elevatio…
A natural phenomenon that maintains Earth's temperature range
Section 4.1
-
Weather v. Climate?
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
35 terms
Beavers Biology I Chapter 4 Study Guide
cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
first person to see cells
Observed living cells in a microscope
All plants are composed of cells
cell
the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
Robert Hooke
first person to see cells
22 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
17 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nucleolus
controls what moves in and out of the cell; part of every cel…
Protect the cell and provides support; only in plant cells; m…
storage site for the DNA, control center of the cell; contain…
produces ribosomes
Cell membrane
controls what moves in and out of the cell; part of every cel…
Cell wall
Protect the cell and provides support; only in plant cells; m…
61 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Section 4.1
Weather v. Climate?
What are the factors affecting Climate?
Define the Greenhouse Effect.
-
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
1. Latitude... 2.Transport of heat by wind... 3. Shape and elevatio…
A natural phenomenon that maintains Earth's temperature range
Section 4.1
-
Weather v. Climate?
Weather was day-to-day conditions in the atmosphere while the…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
intraspecific
interspecific
competitive exclusion
symbiosis
same species
different species
two animals have the same niche, they can't live in the same…
anything that lives together
intraspecific
same species
interspecific
different species
13 terms
Chapter 4 study guide Biology
What is a population's density? Give a…
What is a population's dispersion? Ill…
What is a density dependent limiting f…
Give and explain 3 examples of density…
The number of organisms per unit area... Example:... Density = 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏…
The way in which individuals of a population are spread in an…
A factor that will restrict the number of organisms only afte…
Competition - it will not happen until the density is higher…
What is a population's density? Give a…
The number of organisms per unit area... Example:... Density = 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏…
What is a population's dispersion? Ill…
The way in which individuals of a population are spread in an…
Biology chapter 4 Study Guide
Weather
Climate
Greenhouse effect
Polar zone
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
the natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low an…
Weather
the day-to-day condition of earth's atmosphere at a particula…
Climate
the average year-after-year conditions of temperature and pre…
73 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Cell
Cells> tissue> organs> organ systems>…
Robert Hooke
How did Hooke name the cell
Smallest living unit of life
Population> communities> ecosystems> biosphere
Was English discoverer who was the first to view and describe…
By looking at cork(plant product) and thought the many boxes…
Cell
Smallest living unit of life
Cells> tissue> organs> organ systems>…
Population> communities> ecosystems> biosphere
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cytoskeleton
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
The increase in an objects image size compared with its actua…
The measure of clarity an image has
Cytoskeleton
Provied support and allows some cells to crawl and others to…
Light Microscope
First microscope invented using light, 1000x
31 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
1. Climate is a global factor that pro…
2. Earth has three main climate zones…
3. Which an abiotic factor that affect…
7. Different species that share the sa…
C. a wide range of environmental conditions that shape commun…
B. angle of heating
C. number of predators in an ecosystem
D. occupy different niches
1. Climate is a global factor that pro…
C. a wide range of environmental conditions that shape commun…
2. Earth has three main climate zones…
B. angle of heating
40 terms
Chapter 4 Study Guide Biology
Chaparral
Boreal Forest (taiga)
Tundra
Desert
- fires ... -2 seasons ... - dry, warm summers ... -california
- Mrs.Mike setting... -Alaska, Russia, Canada... - long, cold winte…
-extremely cold winters... - permafrost ... -polar bears
- always dry ... - saline soils (salt) ... - nocturnal or nomadic a…
Chaparral
- fires ... -2 seasons ... - dry, warm summers ... -california
Boreal Forest (taiga)
- Mrs.Mike setting... -Alaska, Russia, Canada... - long, cold winte…
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
What type of microscope, light microsc…
What are the two ways that we can dist…
Why are mitochondria and chloroplasts…
What is the endosymbiosis theory to ex…
An electron microscope provides higher magnification and reso…
-Prokaryotic cells do not have DNA contained in a membrane-en…
They are called semi-autonomous because they contain their ow…
The endosymbiosis theory states that mitochondria and... chlorop…
What type of microscope, light microsc…
An electron microscope provides higher magnification and reso…
What are the two ways that we can dist…
-Prokaryotic cells do not have DNA contained in a membrane-en…
51 terms
Biology Vocabulary Study Guide: Chapter 4
Weather
Climate
Micro climates
(Fact)
the day to day condition of the Earth's atmosphere
average conditions over long periods
caused by environmental conditions varied over small distances
a regions climate is defined by year after year patterns of t…
Weather
the day to day condition of the Earth's atmosphere
Climate
average conditions over long periods
26 terms
Biology A Guide to the Natural World Chapter 4
cell wall
central vacuole
chloroplast
cilia
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
The organelle within plant an algae cells that is the site of…
Hair like extensions of a cell, composed of microtubules.
cell wall
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
central vacuole
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
26 terms
Biology A Guide to the Natural World Chapter 4
cell wall
central vacuole
chloroplast
cilia
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
The organelle within plant an algae cells that is the site of…
Hair like extensions of a cell, composed of microtubules.
cell wall
A relatively thick layer of material that forms the periphery…
central vacuole
A large, watery plant organelle whose functions include the m…
Chapter 4 study Guide For Biology
ATP
Carbohydrates
Chemosynthesis
CO2
is a molecule that carries the chemical energy that cells use…
molecules found in the food we eat that are most commonly bro…
is a process through which some organisms use energy from che…
is a reactant in photosynthesis.
ATP
is a molecule that carries the chemical energy that cells use…
Carbohydrates
molecules found in the food we eat that are most commonly bro…
50 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 4-5 Review Guide
Trace elements
Elements
Atom
Atomic number
Elements that make up less than 0.01% of your body mass
Pure substances that cannot be broken down into other substan…
Smallest particle of an element
Number of protons in an atom's nucleus
Trace elements
Elements that make up less than 0.01% of your body mass
Elements
Pure substances that cannot be broken down into other substan…
Chapter 4 Biology Vocab. Study Guid
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Thylakoid
Light-dependent Reactions
Process by which will take inorganic energy in the form of su…
Green pigment found in photosynthetic organisms.... Synonym: pla…
Membranes found within the chloroplast.... Synonym: green pancak…
"First" stage of photosynthesis.... Synonym: ADP... Antonym: Light-…
Photosynthesis
Process by which will take inorganic energy in the form of su…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment found in photosynthetic organisms.... Synonym: pla…
48 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4-5 Study Guide
study of cells
organelle found in eukaryotic cells, s…
slender threadlike structure that enab…
embedded in lipid layer, come face one…
cytology
cilia
flagella
integral protein
study of cells
cytology
organelle found in eukaryotic cells, s…
cilia
59 terms
Biology chapter 4 study guide
nucleus
nuclear membrane
code
identical to
the organelle that acts as a control center in a eukaryotic c…
the nucleus is surrounded by a _______ and controls most cell…
DNA forms the genetic ____ which makes up the set of master p…
copies of the DNA code are passed on to make new cells that a…
nucleus
the organelle that acts as a control center in a eukaryotic c…
nuclear membrane
the nucleus is surrounded by a _______ and controls most cell…
59 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Robert Hooke
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Rudolf Virchow
1665: observed cork under microscope and called them cells bc…
(1839) Observed living plant specimens and found that they ar…
1839 Noticed that all animal samples he observed were made up…
1855 Studied cell division and concluded that all cells arise…
Robert Hooke
1665: observed cork under microscope and called them cells bc…
Matthias Schleiden
(1839) Observed living plant specimens and found that they ar…
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
A cell is the smallest unit of living things. Carries genetic…
1. All living organisms are made of one or more cells... 2. Cell…
Cells are surrounded by fluid, Facilitate transfers between c…
The fluid surrounding the organelles inside of a cell.
Cell
A cell is the smallest unit of living things. Carries genetic…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are made of one or more cells... 2. Cell…
57 terms
Biology chapter 4 Study Guide
Cell
Robert Hooke
Light Microscope
Van Leeuwenhoek
The smallest unit that can carry on all of the processes of l…
The english scientist who studied nature by using an early li…
An instrument that uses an optical lens to magnify objects by…
The first scientist to observe a living cell(animalcule to pr…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all of the processes of l…
Robert Hooke
The english scientist who studied nature by using an early li…
35 terms
chapter 4 biology study guide
scanning electron microscope
transmission electron microscope
SA:V
prokaryote
electron microscope that reflects electrons back
electron microscope that lets electrons through and measures…
reason cells are small
cells that have no organelles because less resources are needed
scanning electron microscope
electron microscope that reflects electrons back
transmission electron microscope
electron microscope that lets electrons through and measures…
14 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Hutson Vocab Study Guide
Stomata (stoma- singular)-
Stroma-
Thylakoids-
Grana (granum- singular)-
minute aperture structures on plants found typically on the o…
the semi-liquid substance that surrounds the thylakoids
a membrane bound compartment inside chloroplasts. They are th…
a stack of thylakoids
Stomata (stoma- singular)-
minute aperture structures on plants found typically on the o…
Stroma-
the semi-liquid substance that surrounds the thylakoids
65 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
Describe the main characteristics of o…
Explain the 3 tenets of Cell Theory
Compare the size of prokaryotes to euk…
Identify the difference between unicel…
1.) Made of cells... 2.) Require energy... 3.) Reproduce ... 4.) Maint…
1.) All living things are made of cells... 2.) Cells are the bas…
Plant and animal cells are ten times larger than most bacteria
Multicellular organisms are composed of many cells that poten…
Describe the main characteristics of o…
1.) Made of cells... 2.) Require energy... 3.) Reproduce ... 4.) Maint…
Explain the 3 tenets of Cell Theory
1.) All living things are made of cells... 2.) Cells are the bas…
122 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
States that all organisms are made of cells, cells are the sm…
Living external structure that functions to regulate exchange…
Outside the plasma membrane of prokaryote,plant, fungal, and…
Region of the cell that is contained within the plasma membra…
Cell Theory
States that all organisms are made of cells, cells are the sm…
Plasma Membrane
Living external structure that functions to regulate exchange…
30 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Glycoprotein
GlycoLipid
Integral Protein
Peripheral Protein
sugar bonded to a proteins
sugar bonded to a lipid
embedded in the bilayer
on surface of the bilayer
Glycoprotein
sugar bonded to a proteins
GlycoLipid
sugar bonded to a lipid
30 terms
study guide chapter 4 biology
Ultrasound can aid in the diagnosis of
Which of the following statements is F…
This type of testing is usually used t…
This type of testing is used to test u…
trisomy 21..
It involves recovering fetal cells from the mother's blood.*
Presymptomatic testing
D. Carrier testing*
Ultrasound can aid in the diagnosis of
trisomy 21..
Which of the following statements is F…
It involves recovering fetal cells from the mother's blood.*
31 terms
Biology Study Guide chapter 4
What are the steps of setting up a mic…
Explain the staining process
Antonio Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
1. clean the eyepiece, objectives, platform, and light source…
-start with small pieces of organs solidified in wax... -a machi…
-The father of microscopy... -constructed over 200 microscopes (…
-looked at piece of cork... -gave us the word "cells"... -the cell…
What are the steps of setting up a mic…
1. clean the eyepiece, objectives, platform, and light source…
Explain the staining process
-start with small pieces of organs solidified in wax... -a machi…
35 terms
biology chapter 4 study guide
population density
dispesion
density- independent factor
density- dependent factor
number of organisms per unit of living area.
arrangement of a population in its environment.
environmental factor, such as storms and extreme heat or cold…
environmental factor, such as predation, disease, and competi…
population density
number of organisms per unit of living area.
dispesion
arrangement of a population in its environment.
63 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Study Guide
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
Equation of Photosynthesis
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make their own food... usually green
the process by which autotrophs convert light energy into sto…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O --> C6 H12 06 + 6 O2
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
Autotrophs
organisms that make their own food... usually green
11 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 4
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A molecule transfers energy from the breakdown of food and mo…
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
A process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
A process that captures sunlight to make sugars that store ch…
ATP
A molecule transfers energy from the breakdown of food and mo…
ADP
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
30 terms
Biology chapter 4 study guide
Weather
Climate
Microclimates
Carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor
Day to day conditions involving temperature, precipitation, e…
Average weather conditions year after year patterns of temper…
Environmental conditions that vary over small areas.
Greenhouse gases
Weather
Day to day conditions involving temperature, precipitation, e…
Climate
Average weather conditions year after year patterns of temper…
24 terms
Biology chapter 4 study guide
amino acid structure
grouping of amino acids
hyprophobic amino acids
special amino acids
-alpha carbon... -carboxyl group... -amino group... -H... -R-group
-hydrophobic ... -hydrophilic... -basic... -acidic... -polar... -special AAs
-hydrophobic side chains amphipathic
-glycine-small, not asymmetric, allows for freer rotation... -pr…
amino acid structure
-alpha carbon... -carboxyl group... -amino group... -H... -R-group
grouping of amino acids
-hydrophobic ... -hydrophilic... -basic... -acidic... -polar... -special AAs
10 terms
Biology study guide chapter 4
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
Rough ER
Breakdown of sugars
Organize and package DNA
Carry out commands of the nucleus and make proteins
Produce and fold proteins
Mitochondria
Breakdown of sugars
Nucleus
Organize and package DNA
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