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Study sets matching "bio chapter 6 chemistry biology"

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Study sets matching "bio chapter 6 chemistry biology"

41 terms
Bio Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
Chemical reactions
Reactants
Products
Activation energy
the process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substances a…
substances that exist before the chemical reaction starts
substances that are formed by a chemical reaction
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
Chemical reactions
the process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substances a…
Reactants
substances that exist before the chemical reaction starts
25 terms
Biology Chapter 6 - BioChemistry
proton
neutron
electron
carbon
positive charge, found inside the nucleus
neutral charge, found inside the nucleus
negative charge, found outside the nucleus in energy levels
C is the symbol for this element
proton
positive charge, found inside the nucleus
neutron
neutral charge, found inside the nucleus
39 terms
Bio 1 Chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Activation energy
Active site
Amino acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Specific place where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Activation energy
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
21 terms
Sweet Bio Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Activation energy
Atom
Base
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Substance that releases hydroxide ions (oh-) when dissolved i…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Activation energy
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
42 terms
Bio 1 Chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology Short Version
Atom
Atomic number
Atomic number also usually equals what?
Atomic mass number
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
electrons in a neutral atom
the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom…
Atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Atom
Element
Nucleus
Electron
The basic unit for building all matter
A substance made purely of one type of atom, like a gold nugg…
The positively-charged center of an atom. Contains protons an…
Negatively-charged particle outside atom's nucleus
Atom
The basic unit for building all matter
Element
A substance made purely of one type of atom, like a gold nugg…
38 terms
Basic Chemistry (Bio Chapter 6)
polarity
hydrogen bond
water cohesion
high surface tension
electrons closer to oxygen atom due to higher EN
slightly + H are attracted to slightly -O on neighboring wate…
water molecules stick to each other (H bonding)
difficulty to break through liquid surface due to H bonding a…
polarity
electrons closer to oxygen atom due to higher EN
hydrogen bond
slightly + H are attracted to slightly -O on neighboring wate…
67 terms
Chapter 6 Review - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
particles that are the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
particles that have no charge in the nucleus of an atom
atom
particles that are the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
39 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
38 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Chapter 6- Chemistry in Biology
Atoms
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
The building blocks of matter
The center of an atom where the neutrons and protons are loca…
positively charged particle
neutrally charged particle
Atoms
The building blocks of matter
Nucleus
The center of an atom where the neutrons and protons are loca…
39 terms
Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles-neutro…
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
positively charged particle.
a particle that has a neutral charge.
Atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles-neutro…
Nucleus
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
34 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Amino acid
Atom
Base
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Substance that releases hydroxide ions (oh-) when dissolved i…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Amino acid
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
37 terms
LZHS Bio I Ch 6 Chemistry in Biology Test Review
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
Negatively charged sub atomic particle; located outside the a…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom; organized…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
38 terms
Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building blocks of matter
the center of the atom
positively charged particle
particles that have no charge
atom
building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom
72 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons - how…
negatively charged ji particle that occupies space around an…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
58 terms
Biology Chapter 6 - Chemistry of Life
Matter
Atom
Proton
Neutron
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
basic unit of matter
Subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom; positiv…
Subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom; neutral
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
Atom
basic unit of matter
27 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
element
proton
electron
neutron
matter that connot be broken down any further
positively charge portion of an atom
negative charge portion of an atom
neutral charge portion of an atom
element
matter that connot be broken down any further
proton
positively charge portion of an atom
39 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
the center of an atom, made of protons and neutrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom.
particles that have no charge, or are neutrally charged; in t…
Atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
Nucleus
the center of an atom, made of protons and neutrons
32 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology Review
6 + 12 + 6 = 24
18 (same number of protons and electro…
Draw the atomic structure of a sodium…
Draw a carbon chain with an unsaturate…
number of total atoms in C6H12O6
the number of electrons an atom with 18 protons and 17 neuron…
6 + 12 + 6 = 24
number of total atoms in C6H12O6
18 (same number of protons and electro…
the number of electrons an atom with 18 protons and 17 neuron…
17 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Atoms
Chemistry
Matter
Nucleus
the building blocks of matter
the study of matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
center of an atom
Atoms
the building blocks of matter
Chemistry
the study of matter
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
91 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atoms
chemistry
matter
Atoms are made of smaller particles ca…
The building blocks of matter
The study of matter, its composition, and properties
Anything that has mass and takes up space. All organisms are…
subatomic particles - neutrons, protons, and electrons.
atoms
The building blocks of matter
chemistry
The study of matter, its composition, and properties
70 terms
bio chapter 6 chemistry
what does it mean if something is orga…
what shapes can carbon atoms form
organic chemistry
how many electrons does carbon have in…
it contains carbon
ring, branch, and straight chains
life on earth is considered carbon based
4
what does it mean if something is orga…
it contains carbon
what shapes can carbon atoms form
ring, branch, and straight chains
39 terms
Chapter 6-Chemistry in Biology
acid
activation energy
active site
amino acid
substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in…
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
specific place where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
acid
substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in…
activation energy
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
39 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles-neutro…
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons. In eukaryot…
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
Atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles-neutro…
nucleus
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons. In eukaryot…
8 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 6.2: Chemistry in Biology
Activation energy
Active site
Catalyst
Chemical reaction
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Specific place where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
Substance that speeds up a chemical reaction by reducing the…
Energy-requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms ar…
Activation energy
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Active site
Specific place where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
58 terms
Biology 1 chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology
Chemistry
Matter
Atoms
Nucleus
The study of matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space. All organisms are…
the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
Chemistry
The study of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space. All organisms are…
50 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
nucleus
atom
element
proton
the positively charged center of an atom; contains protons an…
the smallest particle of an element that contains all the pro…
a pure substance made of only one type of atom; found on the…
positively charged particle within the nucleus; defines the a…
nucleus
the positively charged center of an atom; contains protons an…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that contains all the pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
39 terms
Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Activation energy
Active site
Amino acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Specific place where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Activation energy
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
22 terms
LZHS Bio I Ch 6 Chemistry in Biology Quiz Review
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
Negatively charged sub atomic particle; located outside the a…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom; organized…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
58 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry in Biology
Chemical reactions are an important pa…
Chemical Reactions
What is broken and formed during chemi…
Reactants
they allow living things to grow, develop, reproduce, and adapt
process by which atoms or groups of atoms and substances are…
Chemical Bonds
substances that exist before the chemical reaction starts , l…
Chemical reactions are an important pa…
they allow living things to grow, develop, reproduce, and adapt
Chemical Reactions
process by which atoms or groups of atoms and substances are…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
carbohydrates
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
Chapter 6 : Chemistry in Biology
What is Matter composed of?
What is the study of matter?
Atoms
what is located at the center of the a…
tiny particles called atoms.
Chemisrty
building blocks of matter (remember you are matter!!)
Neutrons and Protrons
What is Matter composed of?
tiny particles called atoms.
What is the study of matter?
Chemisrty
39 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Activation energy
Active site
Amino acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Specific place where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (h+) when dissolved in…
Activation energy
Minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
carbohydrates
compound
covalent bond
enzymes
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio…
a pure substance formed when two or more different elements c…
the chemical bond that forms when electrons are shared by two…
special proteins, which are biological catalysts that speed u…
carbohydrates
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio…
compound
a pure substance formed when two or more different elements c…
39 terms
Chapter 6: Chemistry in biology
Atoms
Elements
Compounds + example
Chemical reaction
The building blocks of all matter
A pure substance that cannot be broke down into simpler subst…
A substance formed when two or more elements combine; salt
A process where atoms or groups of atoms are reorganized into…
Atoms
The building blocks of all matter
Elements
A pure substance that cannot be broke down into simpler subst…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
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