Study sets matching "bio chemistry biochemistry"

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Study sets matching "bio chemistry biochemistry"

142 terms
DAT Biology (Chemistry/Biochemistry)
positively charged protons and neutral…
outside the nucleus
groups of two or more atoms held toget…
the ability of an atom to attract elec…
Nucleus consists of .......
Where are negatively charged electrons arranged?
What are molecules
What is electronegativity?
positively charged protons and neutral…
Nucleus consists of .......
outside the nucleus
Where are negatively charged electrons arranged?
85 terms
Biology, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Structure and Function
Diversity and Universality
Change Over Time
Equilibrium in a System
form/shape fits that job
all living things have some things in common and some differe…
change within organisms, species, ecosystems, and Earth
in any system, balance may be upset temporarily, but is usual…
Structure and Function
form/shape fits that job
Diversity and Universality
all living things have some things in common and some differe…
Biology - Chemistry and Biochemistry
atom
proton
neutron
electron
the smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
• subatomic partical in an atom... • positively charged... • packed…
• subatomic partical in an atom... • electrically neutral (no ch…
subatomic partical in an atom... • negatively charged... • orbit th…
atom
the smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
proton
• subatomic partical in an atom... • positively charged... • packed…
Biology Chemistry Biochemistry
Scientific method
Characteristics of Life
Organism
REDI
A way to solve... problems and carry out... an experiment. Is often…
Made up of cells, Reproduce, Universal genetic code, Growth/D…
one individual
carried out a... rotting meat... experiment. No spontaneous generat…
Scientific method
A way to solve... problems and carry out... an experiment. Is often…
Characteristics of Life
Made up of cells, Reproduce, Universal genetic code, Growth/D…
Biology: Chemistry & Biochemistry
Matter
Element
compound
atoms
anything that has mass and takes up space
pure substances that cannot be broken down into other substan…
two or more elements combined
the building blocks of matter
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
pure substances that cannot be broken down into other substan…
27 terms
Biochemistry, Biology, and Chemistry
7 Characteristics of life
Organization
Response to Stimuli
Homeostasis
Organization, Response to stimuli, Homeostasis, Metabolism, G…
The high degree of order with an organism's internal and exte…
How an animal adapts to a change in the internal or external…
How an animal stays normal
7 Characteristics of life
Organization, Response to stimuli, Homeostasis, Metabolism, G…
Organization
The high degree of order with an organism's internal and exte…
74 terms
Biology Chemistry and Biochemistry Terms
protons and neutrons
electrons
valence electrons
isotope
make up the nucleus of an atom
orbits the nucleus of an atom
on the edge of the electron cloud used in bonds
an atom of the same element with the same number of protons b…
protons and neutrons
make up the nucleus of an atom
electrons
orbits the nucleus of an atom
150 terms
honors biology biochemistry/chemistry
element?
what are the 4 main elements that make…
trace elements
what are the top true trace elements?
a pure substance that can not be broken down into other subst…
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon
vital to life, but need less than 1%
calcium and phosphorus
element?
a pure substance that can not be broken down into other subst…
what are the 4 main elements that make…
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon
84 terms
Biology- Chemistry & Biochemistry Unit
Mass
Weight
Creator of Periodic Table
How many Elements?
how much matter makes up something (weigh it)
mass or amount of matter based on gravitational force
Mendeleev (1869)
118
Mass
how much matter makes up something (weigh it)
Weight
mass or amount of matter based on gravitational force
Biology Chemistry/Biochemistry
Elements found in Carbohydrates and Ra…
What are the monomers of Carbohydrates?
What does a Monosaccharide look like
What are Isomers?
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen with a ratio of 1:2:1
Monosaccharides
Isomers are compounds with the same chemical formula but with…
Elements found in Carbohydrates and Ra…
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen with a ratio of 1:2:1
What are the monomers of Carbohydrates?
Monosaccharides
43 terms
Biology : chemistry/biochemistry
What is chemistry the study of?
what is the basic unit of matter?
what are the 3 subatomic particles?
positive charged subatomic particle
matter
atom
proton, electron, and neutron
proton
What is chemistry the study of?
matter
what is the basic unit of matter?
atom
Biology Test Biochemistry and Chemistry
What three elements are found in carbo…
Compare Monosaccharides, disaccharides…
What do living things use carbohydrate…
What elements are found in lipids?
Oxygen carbon and hydrogen
Disaccharides are made up of two monosaccharides.... Polysacchar…
To have fast energy
Carbon hydrogen and oxygen
What three elements are found in carbo…
Oxygen carbon and hydrogen
Compare Monosaccharides, disaccharides…
Disaccharides are made up of two monosaccharides.... Polysacchar…
35 terms
Chemistry/Biochemistry(9th grade Biology)
Matter
Element
Compound
Atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
-pure substance... -cannot be broken down into other substances…
a substance containing 2 or more elements that are chemically…
smallest particle of an element(carbon atom is a "piece" of t…
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Element
-pure substance... -cannot be broken down into other substances…
Biology- Chemistry & Biochemistry Unit
Mass
Weight
Creator of Periodic Table
How many Elements?
how much matter makes up something (weigh it)
mass or amount of matter based on gravitational force
Mendeleev (1869)
118
Mass
how much matter makes up something (weigh it)
Weight
mass or amount of matter based on gravitational force
74 terms
Biology Chemistry and Biochemistry Terms
protons and neutrons
electrons
valence electrons
isotope
make up the nucleus of an atom
orbits the nucleus of an atom
on the edge of the electron cloud used in bonds
an atom of the same element with the same number of protons b…
protons and neutrons
make up the nucleus of an atom
electrons
orbits the nucleus of an atom
54 terms
Chemistry and Biochemistry (Shopiro Biology)
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
This is the basic unit of matter.
This is a positively charged particle found in the nucleus of…
This is a particle in the nucleus of an atom that has no char…
This is a negatively charged particle within an atom. It is l…
Atom
This is the basic unit of matter.
Proton
This is a positively charged particle found in the nucleus of…
77 terms
Chemistry/Biochemistry Vocabulary (biology)
matter
mass
elements
atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
the quantitiy of matter an object has
pure substances that cannot be broken down chemically into si…
the simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
mass
the quantitiy of matter an object has
78 terms
Biology midterm: Chemistry & Biochemistry
Atoms
proton
neutron
electron
smallest unit of matter, enter chemical reactions
positive charge in nucleous
neutral charge in nucleous
negative charge in electron rings or valence shell
Atoms
smallest unit of matter, enter chemical reactions
proton
positive charge in nucleous
35 terms
Chemistry/Biochemistry(9th grade Biology)
Matter
Element
Compound
Atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
-pure substance... -cannot be broken down into other substances…
a substance containing 2 or more elements that are chemically…
smallest particle of an element(carbon atom is a "piece" of t…
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Element
-pure substance... -cannot be broken down into other substances…
25 terms
AP Biology - Biochemistry & Basic Chemistry
Carbon Skeletons
Hydroxyl Groups
Carboxyl Groups
Amine Groups
Provide the fundamental units of biological macro-molecules (…
Polar; highly reactive and participates in dehydration synthe…
Nonpolar; releases H+ ions into the solution, and facilitates…
Polar; only group that contains nitrogen, affects the pH of i…
Carbon Skeletons
Provide the fundamental units of biological macro-molecules (…
Hydroxyl Groups
Polar; highly reactive and participates in dehydration synthe…
38 terms
Biology: Inorganic chemistry and biochemistry
Atom
First energy level contains _____ elec…
Other energy levels contain ______ ele…
Valence electrons
Smallest unit of an element that still keeps the properties o…
2 electrons
8 electrons
Electrons that are found in the outermost energy level
Atom
Smallest unit of an element that still keeps the properties o…
First energy level contains _____ elec…
2 electrons
30 terms
Biology Chemistry and Biochemistry Unit Study
Macromolecules
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, Protein, Nucleic Acid
Nucleus, Positive, Mass
Nucleus, Neutral, Mass
Electron Cloud, Negative, No Mass
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, Protein, Nucleic Acid
Protons
Nucleus, Positive, Mass
Biology: Chemistry and Biochemistry
When does an ionic bond form?
_______ electron sharing creates polar…
When does a covalent bond form?
Between what type of molecules do hydr…
when electrons are gained/released
unequal
when electrons are shared between unstable atoms
polar
When does an ionic bond form?
when electrons are gained/released
_______ electron sharing creates polar…
unequal
Biology Quiz (Chemistry & Biochemistry)
Monomer
Polymer
ANALOGY: if a TRAIN were a polymer...…
Monomer of Carbohydrates
simple molecules used to construct larger carbon compounds ca…
Large carbon compound constructed from simple molecules calle…
MONOMER
Monosaccharides (ex. glucose, simple sugar)
Monomer
simple molecules used to construct larger carbon compounds ca…
Polymer
Large carbon compound constructed from simple molecules calle…
Final Biology Chemistry and Biochemistry
All matter is composed of ....
Where do the electrons exist in an atom?
What is the difference between covalen…
Polar molecule
Atoms
Occupy the space surrounding the nucleus.
- Covalent: atoms share the electrons... - ionic: transfer of el…
A molecule that has a partial positive charge on one side and…
All matter is composed of ....
Atoms
Where do the electrons exist in an atom?
Occupy the space surrounding the nucleus.
36 terms
chemistry, biochemistry, and cell biology
subatomic particles
acids
bases
organic chemicals
Protons: Positively charged ... Neutrons: have no charge and are…
o Dissociate to release H+ ions... o pH < 7... o proton donor
o Dissociate to release OH- ions... o pH > 7... o proton acceptor
Chemical compound constructed of molecules that contain carbo…
subatomic particles
Protons: Positively charged ... Neutrons: have no charge and are…
acids
o Dissociate to release H+ ions... o pH < 7... o proton donor
44 terms
Biology: Chemistry/Biochemistry
What is the symbol for proton?
What is the symbol for electron?
What is the symbol for the neutron?
Where is the Proton located?
p+
e-
N
In the Nucleus
What is the symbol for proton?
p+
What is the symbol for electron?
e-
Biology- Chemistry, Biochemistry- 1
4 main elements
trace elements
Atoms
Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen C,H,O,N 97%
Sulfur, Phosphate, Calcium, etc. 3%
Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons... they are the building blocks…
mixtures of Elements
4 main elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen C,H,O,N 97%
trace elements
Sulfur, Phosphate, Calcium, etc. 3%
simpson biology chemistry an biochemistry
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
monosaccharides are singles, dissachar…
to give us a quick form of energy, and…
chain of carbons with a hydrogen attac…
what are the elements found in carbohydrates?
compare monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.…
what do living things use carbohydrates for?
what are the elements found in lipids?
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
what are the elements found in carbohydrates?
monosaccharides are singles, dissachar…
compare monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.…
41 terms
Biology - biochemistry or organic chemistry
Atom
Element
Compound
Electron
The basic unit of matter
A substance consisting entirely of one Atom
Substance formed by chemical combination of two or more eleme…
A negatively charged particle
Atom
The basic unit of matter
Element
A substance consisting entirely of one Atom
50 terms
Biology Quiz Chemistry/Biochemistry 2B
Primary Structure of Proteins
-determine and organism's characterist…
Shape
Alpha helixes and pleated sheets
A particular number and sequence of amino acids making up a p…
Main functions of proteins
The Primary Structure of a protein ultimately determines the…
The turns and folds of secondary structure
Primary Structure of Proteins
A particular number and sequence of amino acids making up a p…
-determine and organism's characterist…
Main functions of proteins
71 terms
BIOLOGY (Mrs. Miller)- Chemistry and Biochemistry
atom
element
compound
ion
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down into s…
a substance made up of one kind of atom
a substance made up of the joined atoms of two or more elements
an atom or molecule that has lost or gained one or more elect…
atom
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down into s…
element
a substance made up of one kind of atom
67 terms
AP Biology Matter: Chemistry and Biochemistry
4. Explain the difference between inna…
Types of innate behavior
Types of learned behavior
Cognitive behavior
Innate behaviors are instinctive and automatic. They are cont…
Fixed action patterns - stereotypical behaviors that are trig…
Habituation - non-harmful stimulus is repeated and organism l…
Thinking, analyzing situations and problem solving
4. Explain the difference between inna…
Innate behaviors are instinctive and automatic. They are cont…
Types of innate behavior
Fixed action patterns - stereotypical behaviors that are trig…
Biology; Scientific Method, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Basic unit of life
Life interacts with what?
All life is based on...
Diversity of life
cells
the environment
DNA
we're all different
Basic unit of life
cells
Life interacts with what?
the environment
31 terms
Biology Unit 2--Chemistry and Biochemistry
Atom
Subatomic particle
Proton
Neutron
The smallest form of an element that it still retains the pro…
A particle that makes up an atom. There are three kinds-proto…
A positively charged subatomic particle with mass
A neutrally charged subatomic particle with mass
Atom
The smallest form of an element that it still retains the pro…
Subatomic particle
A particle that makes up an atom. There are three kinds-proto…
13 terms
Biology: Biochemistry: Intro to Organic Chemistry
Monomers
Polymers
What type of bonds hold Carbons togeth…
What is dehydration synthesis/condensa…
basic building block of organic compounds
Made from many monomers
Covalent bonds (straight chain, ring, branched chain)
Forming a bond between monomers to form polymers, while losin…
Monomers
basic building block of organic compounds
Polymers
Made from many monomers
25 terms
Biochemistry -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water. Results in polyme…
the breakdown of molecules by the addition of water. Results…
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
21 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Biochemistry
Super 4 Elements
Sugars & Starches
Lipid
Explains what we're made up of and why we need to eat (metabo…
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
Carbohydrates
Fats
Biochemistry
Explains what we're made up of and why we need to eat (metabo…
Super 4 Elements
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
37 terms
Biology test 2 (chemistry and biochemistry)
Matter
Volume
Mass
Atom
Has volume and mass.
How much space something takes up.
How much matter there is and how much space and object takes…
Smallest unit of matter.
Matter
Has volume and mass.
Volume
How much space something takes up.
Biology: Biochemistry
Active Transport
Carrier molecule
Semi-permeable
Denature
substances moving AGAINST the concentration gradient (from an…
protein within the cell membrane that moves substances agains…
the cell allows some substances in or out, but not others
changing the shape of the protein
Active Transport
substances moving AGAINST the concentration gradient (from an…
Carrier molecule
protein within the cell membrane that moves substances agains…
52 terms
Adv. Biology Unit 2 Chemistry and Biochemistry
Elements in Carbohydrates
Elements in lipids
Elements in proteins
Elements in nucleic acids
C, H, O
C, H, O
C, H, O, N
C, H, N, O, P
Elements in Carbohydrates
C, H, O
Elements in lipids
C, H, O
27 terms
Biochemistry - Biology
carbohydrate
carbohydrate
protein
protein
can be used for immediate energy that we eat, made up of mono…
organic compound that can be used for structure, transportati…
carbohydrate
carbohydrate
can be used for immediate energy that we eat, made up of mono…
36 terms
AP Biology Basic Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry
Covalent bonds
Ionic bonds
Organic Chemistry
Carbon Skeletons
Have the strongest and most stable bonds.
Attraction between ions are usually follows an exchange of el…
Concentrates on the properties of carbon compounds.
Provide the fundamental units of biological macro-molecules w…
Covalent bonds
Have the strongest and most stable bonds.
Ionic bonds
Attraction between ions are usually follows an exchange of el…
Vocabulary Biology Intensified Chemistry, Biochemistry, Digestion Dorman
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
one particular type of atom
a substance made of more than one type of atom
an atom that has lost or gained one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom
120 terms
Biology Unit Test 1 (General Chemistry/Properties of Water/Biochemistry)
matter
elements
atom
compound
has mass and takes up space
basic building blocks of all matter
smallest part of an element that has all properties of the el…
made of elements chemically combined
matter
has mass and takes up space
elements
basic building blocks of all matter
Biochemistry -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water. Results in polyme…
the breakdown of molecules by the addition of water. Results…
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
24 terms
Biochemistry for Biology
Organic chemical
Hydrogen bond
Acid
Base
Large chemical, made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
weakest of bonds; always involve the atom hydrogen
0 - 6.9 on pH scale
7.1 - 14 on pH scale
Organic chemical
Large chemical, made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Hydrogen bond
weakest of bonds; always involve the atom hydrogen
31 terms
Biology / Biochemistry
Atoms
H
C
O
smallest unit of matter ... # of protons = # of neutrons... Up to 2…
Hydrogen
Carbon
Oxygen
Atoms
smallest unit of matter ... # of protons = # of neutrons... Up to 2…
H
Hydrogen
31 terms
chemistry & biochemistry
carbohydrate (common name)
carbohydrate (functions)
carbohydrate (types of atoms found in…
carbohydrate (monomers)
disaccharides
gives us energy and reserves for our bodies
C, H, O
2 monosaccharides
carbohydrate (common name)
disaccharides
carbohydrate (functions)
gives us energy and reserves for our bodies
Biology 1 Chemistry/Biochemistry Unit 2
Proteins
Mitochondria, the power house of the c…
Living cells use ____________ as their…
Proteins
Channels within the structure of the cell membrane are compos…
Most of the ATP made during cellular respiration is produced…
Proteins
Which of these organic molecules functions to help speed up b…
Proteins
Channels within the structure of the cell membrane are compos…
Mitochondria, the power house of the c…
Most of the ATP made during cellular respiration is produced…
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