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Study sets matching "bio division biology growth cells"

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Study sets matching "bio division biology growth cells"

49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
26 terms
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
57 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Diploid
Haploid
Chromatid
Chromosome
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
The two copies of DNA (replicated DNA)
Condensed chromatin, DNA wrapped around proteins
Diploid
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Haploid
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
why might a cell divide?
binary fission
if the cell is part of a multicellular…
are all cells capable of dividing?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
1. growth (growth of a multicellular organism is not due to…
NO... - more specialized cells are less likely to have the abi…
why might a cell divide?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
binary fission
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
79 terms
Bio Cell Growth and Division
mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
why do cells divide?
cell division in eukaryotes; division of nucleus
shows the transition between the divisions of cell division
when cell is at rest from dividing (not part of mitosis); chr…
to grow through cell enlargement and division (multicellular…
mitosis
cell division in eukaryotes; division of nucleus
cell cycle
shows the transition between the divisions of cell division
13 terms
biology- cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokenesis
chromatids
centromeres
division of the cell nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
2 identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attatched
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus
cytokenesis
division of the cytoplasm
27 terms
Biology - Cell Growth & Division
The rate at which materials enter and…
The process of cell division results i…
Sister chromatids are attached to each…
If a cell has 12 chromosomes, how many…
surface area
two daughter cells
centromere
12
The rate at which materials enter and…
surface area
The process of cell division results i…
two daughter cells
29 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do cells divide?
What is DNA
What are chromosomes
What are chromatin
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
Stores all the information for the cell
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Complex protein, DNA that chromosomes are made of... Grandfather…
Why do cells divide?
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
What is DNA
Stores all the information for the cell
30 terms
Cell Growth and Division, Biology
What is cell division?
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
What are the two stages of cell divisi…
What is mitosis?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
binary fission, asexual
mitosis and cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What is cell division?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
binary fission, asexual
16 terms
Cell Growth and Division (biology)
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cell grows in size, and number of prot…
G1 stage, S stage, G2 stage
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Cyclins is?
G1 stages is?
Three stages of interphase is?
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cyclins is?
77 terms
Bio Cell Growth and Division
mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
why do cells divide?
cell division in eukaryotes; division of nucleus
shows the transition between the divisions of cell division
when cell is at rest from dividing (not part of mitosis); chr…
to grow through cell enlargement and division (multicellular…
mitosis
cell division in eukaryotes; division of nucleus
cell cycle
shows the transition between the divisions of cell division
20 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell cytoplasm divides i…
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
51 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
37 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
10 terms
Bio - Cell Growth and Division
information overload puts demands on w…
rate of exchange depend on ______
rate of ______ depends on volume of cell
managing exchange is a balance between…
DNA
surface area of the cell
consumption
surface area and volume
information overload puts demands on w…
DNA
rate of exchange depend on ______
surface area of the cell
72 terms
bio (cell growth & division)
why do cells divide?
what is the longest phase?
what happens in G1?
what happens in S?
to maintain an appropiate size, for growth & developement, to…
G1
growth & normal cell responsibility
Dna is copied (dna synthesis)
why do cells divide?
to maintain an appropiate size, for growth & developement, to…
what is the longest phase?
G1
33 terms
bio cell growth and division
angiogenesis
anti angeogenesis
hay infusions
louis pasteaur
the development of new blood vessels
used to halt the development of blood vessels, helps to fight…
plant, made of cells and outer covering is cell wall which is…
swan neck flask experiment, creates this and makes a hay infu…
angiogenesis
the development of new blood vessels
anti angeogenesis
used to halt the development of blood vessels, helps to fight…
37 terms
Biology- Cell Growth and Division
Asexual
Sexual
The Cell Cycle
Interphase takes up how much of the ce…
1 parent, duplicate organism (genetically identical)
2 parents, combination of traits (requires meiosis)
Phases of events in the life cycle of a cell.
90%
Asexual
1 parent, duplicate organism (genetically identical)
Sexual
2 parents, combination of traits (requires meiosis)
34 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do living things grow?
Ratio for cell size increase.
Cell division
Binary Fission
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Volume increases faster than surface area.
The process whereby the cell divides into daughter cells.
A parent cell is cloned.
Why do living things grow?
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Ratio for cell size increase.
Volume increases faster than surface area.
23 terms
Bio: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Surface Area
Volume
Cell Cycle
The process by which a parent cell divides into two or more d…
The outside part or layer of something (increases slower than…
The amount of space inside an object
A series of events that takes place in a cell leading to its…
Cell Division
The process by which a parent cell divides into two or more d…
Surface Area
The outside part or layer of something (increases slower than…
32 terms
Bio Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Chromatid
Centromere
Interphase
Process in which cell divides into two new daughter cells.
One of the two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromos…
Region of chromosome where two sister chromatids attach.
Period of a cell cycle between cell divisions in which cell g…
Cell Division
Process in which cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Chromatid
One of the two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromos…
17 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
the process of which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
division of the cell nucleus; the first stage of cell division
division of the cytoplasm; second stage of cell division
one of two identical parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
the process of which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus; the first stage of cell division
60 terms
bio: cell growth and division
why do cells need to divide?
stages of cell cycle?
interphase
mitosis
cells get to large to transport materials through cell membra…
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
G1 phase (gap 1): Growth... S phase (synthesis): DNA replicates…
nuclear divsion- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.
why do cells need to divide?
cells get to large to transport materials through cell membra…
stages of cell cycle?
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
15 terms
Bio: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Gap 1
Synthesis
Gap 2
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
First stage of the cell, must pass a critical checkpoint comm…
The second stage of the cell cycle. During this stage the cel…
The third stage of the cell cycle. During G2, cells continue…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Gap 1
First stage of the cell, must pass a critical checkpoint comm…
Bio cell growth and division
Cell Cycle
Interphase
During the cell cycle
Four phases of the cell cycle
Is the series of events that cells go through as they grow an…
Is the period of growth that occurs during cell division
1) a cell grows... 2) prepares for division ... 3) divides to form…
G1, S phase, G2 and M phase
Cell Cycle
Is the series of events that cells go through as they grow an…
Interphase
Is the period of growth that occurs during cell division
45 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division Review
What are two reasons why cells divide…
TRUE or FALSE:... As a cell increases in…
What determines the rate at which food…
What is cell division?
a. The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
FALSE
The cell's volume
the process by which a cell divides into tow new daughter cells
What are two reasons why cells divide…
a. The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
TRUE or FALSE:... As a cell increases in…
FALSE
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parent cells that fu…
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
41 terms
Bio cell growth & division
reproduction
sexual reprdouction
asexual repdrocution
prokaryotes
a process that makes new organisms from parents organisms
2 parents two specialized sex cells join together unique offs…
1 parent no sperm/egg identical offspring
reproduce by binary fission
reproduction
a process that makes new organisms from parents organisms
sexual reprdouction
2 parents two specialized sex cells join together unique offs…
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
18 terms
Biology cell growth and division
phases of cell cycle
2 main stages of cell division
cell grows bigger, it's doing its job,…
synthesis (copy DNA) and chromosomal p…
G1... S... G2... M
mitosis and cytokinesis
G1 phase
S phase
phases of cell cycle
G1... S... G2... M
2 main stages of cell division
mitosis and cytokinesis
18 terms
Cell Growth and Division-Biology
Demands of larger cell
Demand on DNA small cell
Ratio
Cell Division
-DNA over load ... -Exchanging Materials (amount produced has to…
Information stored in DNA can meet the needs of the cell
As cell gets larger ratio decreases
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Demands of larger cell
-DNA over load ... -Exchanging Materials (amount produced has to…
Demand on DNA small cell
Information stored in DNA can meet the needs of the cell
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
14 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Somatic Cell
Diploid chromosome number
Haploid chromosome number
Double stranded chromosome
Body cell with the total number of chromosomes (diploid number)
Total number of chromosome found in the organism
Half of the total organism number. Found in sex cells
Chromosomes that have replicated and appear as an x
Somatic Cell
Body cell with the total number of chromosomes (diploid number)
Diploid chromosome number
Total number of chromosome found in the organism
17 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Chromatid
The first stage of cell division, in which the nucleus of the…
The second stage of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of…
Compact visible protein structures.
Identical "sister chromosomes" created by copying chromosomes.
Mitosis
The first stage of cell division, in which the nucleus of the…
Cytokinesis
The second stage of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of…
16 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Gap0 Phase
Gap1 Phase
S (Synthesis) Phase
Gap2 Phase
cell is mature; no growth; no division; temporary or permanent
cell grows; makes proteins; makes organelles; before moving o…
cell copies DNA
G1 (all actions that G1 completes) + DNA replicates
Gap0 Phase
cell is mature; no growth; no division; temporary or permanent
Gap1 Phase
cell grows; makes proteins; makes organelles; before moving o…
27 terms
Bio cell growth and division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
Process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
Long, continuous thread of DNA that consist of numerous genes…
Cell cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
12 terms
BIO cell growth/division
Asexual
Why do cells divide?
Bacteria reproduce using
Cell cycle
Offspring produced from single parent
DNA overload... Material exchange cannot keep up
Binary fission
The series of events that cells go through as ther grow and d…
Asexual
Offspring produced from single parent
Why do cells divide?
DNA overload... Material exchange cannot keep up
12 terms
Bio Cell Growth and Division
gametes
meiosis
fertilization
when does the cell divide?
sex cells (sperm or egg)
divides genetic material and results in the production of sex…
union of sperm and egg
when it is too big to function
gametes
sex cells (sperm or egg)
meiosis
divides genetic material and results in the production of sex…
16 terms
Cell Growth and Division; Bio
Cyclins
Internal Regulators
External Regulators
Cancer
Proteins that regulate the cell cycle
Respond to events in the cell
Respond to events out of the cell
Does not respond to cell regulators
Cyclins
Proteins that regulate the cell cycle
Internal Regulators
Respond to events in the cell
34 terms
Cell Growth & Division Bio
Nondisjunction
Tetrad
Kinetochore
Metastasis
Failure for chromosomes to separate correctly
When the 2 sister chromatids are paired up in crossing over
The hook on the back of the centromere
Spread of cancer through the body via the circulatory/lymphat…
Nondisjunction
Failure for chromosomes to separate correctly
Tetrad
When the 2 sister chromatids are paired up in crossing over
32 terms
biology- cell growth and division
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
two reasons cells divide
differentiation
cells
cells
differentiation and reproduction
a multicellular organism needs to create more cells so that s…
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
cells
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
cells
145 terms
Biology cell growth and division
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Seperates the cell from the outside
Has all the materials cells need to operate
Control center
Site of protein synthesis
Cell membrane
Seperates the cell from the outside
Cytoplasm
Has all the materials cells need to operate
24 terms
Bio Cell Growth and Division
where is chromatin located
thin coiled strands of DNA and protein
a glob of protein that anchors chromat…
what do histones create
inside the nuclear envelope
chromatin
histone
nucleosomes
where is chromatin located
inside the nuclear envelope
thin coiled strands of DNA and protein
chromatin
22 terms
Biology- Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
Biology - Cell Growth and Division
DNA
Information Overload.
how well a cell can move materials in…
the more nutrients it needs and the mo…
The Information that cells need to live and grow is stored in…
If a cell grew too large, it would result into...
Cell Size affects...
The larger a cell becomes...
DNA
The Information that cells need to live and grow is stored in…
Information Overload.
If a cell grew too large, it would result into...
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
the process that divides the cell cytoplasm
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
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