Study sets matching "bio division cells biology 2"

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Study sets matching "bio division cells biology 2"

32 terms
Biology 2 - Cell Division
Why do cells need to divide?
mitosis
meiosis
Cell Division
- growth/development... - reproduction... - normal tissue renewal
makes a copy of the cell, with the same amount of DNA
for reproduction, halves the amount of DNA / splits up the pa…
before a cell divides, it must first grow and duplicate DNA w…
Why do cells need to divide?
- growth/development... - reproduction... - normal tissue renewal
mitosis
makes a copy of the cell, with the same amount of DNA
15 terms
Biology 10-2 Cell Division
chromosomes
cytokinesis
chromosomes
chromatid
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Biology Cell Division 2
Phases in order.
Interphase.
Prophase.
Metaphase.
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, daughte…
-Consists of G1, S, and G2 phases. ... -The S phase occurs when…
-The nuclear envelope breaks down.... -The longest phase of mito…
-Chromosomes line up in a line.... -Chromosomes become attached…
Phases in order.
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, daughte…
Interphase.
-Consists of G1, S, and G2 phases. ... -The S phase occurs when…
Biology 2 Cell Division
cell theory
two main types of cells that make up t…
germ cells (gametes) what kind of cells?
Somatic cells are what kind of cells?
all cells come from other living cells; this process is calle…
germ cells, somatic cells
reproductive... gametes
Body sells ... skin, blood
cell theory
all cells come from other living cells; this process is calle…
two main types of cells that make up t…
germ cells, somatic cells
SAT 2 Bio Cell Division
Mitosis functions in
Mitosis creates
Meiosis produces
Chromosome
the growth and repair of body cells
two genetically identical daughter cells with the same chromo…
gametes (sperm and ova) with half the chromosome number of th…
Mitosis functions in
the growth and repair of body cells
Mitosis creates
two genetically identical daughter cells with the same chromo…
44 terms
bio 1.6 cell division-- CELL BIOLOGY
mitosis definition
what must happen before mitosis occurs?
interphase
when is mitosis required
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
all of the DNA in the nucleus must be duplicated- interphase
each chromosome is converted from a single DNA molecule into…
whenever cells with genetically identical nuclei are required…
mitosis definition
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
what must happen before mitosis occurs?
all of the DNA in the nucleus must be duplicated- interphase
18 terms
Biology-Cell division (Unit 2)
Cell continuity
Chromosomes
Gene
Haploid cell (n)
All cells develop from pre-existing cells
Coiled threads of DNA and protein that become visible in the…
A short section of DNA which contains the instructions for th…
Has one set of chromosomes
Cell continuity
All cells develop from pre-existing cells
Chromosomes
Coiled threads of DNA and protein that become visible in the…
Biology 2 - Cell Division
asexual production
daughter cell
diploid
gametes
process where ONLY 1 parent produces offspring through Mitosi…
the cells produced after a parent cell has divided.
cells that contain the Normal 2 sets of Chromosomes - in huma…
sex cells - sperm/egg cell
asexual production
process where ONLY 1 parent produces offspring through Mitosi…
daughter cell
the cells produced after a parent cell has divided.
19 terms
SAT 2 Biology Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Sister chromatids
Centromere
Growth and repair of body cells. Produces two genetically ide…
Occurs in sexually reproducing organisms. It produces gametes…
A replicated chromosome contains two _____ where one is an ex…
Specialized region that holds the two sister chromatids toget…
Mitosis
Growth and repair of body cells. Produces two genetically ide…
Meiosis
Occurs in sexually reproducing organisms. It produces gametes…
46 terms
1b. OAT Bio- Cellular Biology: Cell Division
Prokaryote Reproduction
Binary Fission
autosomal cells
The Cell Cycle... What are the three main…
Reproduce quickly via binary fission (asexual repro); increas…
The cell doubles in mass, and the single DNA molecule attache…
aka somatic cells; ... - contain diploid (2n) number of chromos…
(Go Sally Go Make Children)... - Continuous processes in which…
Prokaryote Reproduction
Reproduce quickly via binary fission (asexual repro); increas…
Binary Fission
The cell doubles in mass, and the single DNA molecule attache…
22 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division 2
Mitosis
Microtubules
Separate the chromosomes during mitosis
Cytokinesis
What process of the cell cycle is responsible for a cell havi…
Spindle fibers are made up of what cell organelle?
What is the role of the spindle fibers?
The cell cycle begins for each individual cell after the comp…
Mitosis
What process of the cell cycle is responsible for a cell havi…
Microtubules
Spindle fibers are made up of what cell organelle?
Bio 1010#2- Cell Division
Cell Division
Why do multicellular organism depend o…
Genome
DNA molecules
in multicellular organisms, it is balanced by cell death (apo…
-development from a fertilized cell... -growth... -repair
includes all of the genetic material in a cell... can consist of…
packaged into chromosomes
Cell Division
in multicellular organisms, it is balanced by cell death (apo…
Why do multicellular organism depend o…
-development from a fertilized cell... -growth... -repair
7 terms
Biology 10-2 Cell Division
chromosomes
chromatid
interphase
prophase
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
a cell's genetic material condenses, a spindle starts to form…
chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
BIO Exam 2 Cell Division
During the cell cycle the two organell…
When the chromosomes are lined up in a…
When the chromosomes are migrating to…
DNA is replicated during: _____?
centriole and mitochondria
first metaphase, meiosis
anaphase
interphase
During the cell cycle the two organell…
centriole and mitochondria
When the chromosomes are lined up in a…
first metaphase, meiosis
39 terms
Biology 2 CELL DIVISION
What does the nucleus contain?
How many pairs of chromosomes does the…
What do chromosomes carry?
What is a gene?
Genetic material in the form of chromosomes.
23
Genes
A short length of the chromosome, long length of DNA.
What does the nucleus contain?
Genetic material in the form of chromosomes.
How many pairs of chromosomes does the…
23
bio 2 more cell division
DNA
gene
interphase
prophase
before dividing, cells must copy their ___
section of DNA that has the instructions for making one protein
first step of cell cycle
second step of cell cycle
DNA
before dividing, cells must copy their ___
gene
section of DNA that has the instructions for making one protein
16 terms
Biology 8.2 - Cell Division
Binary Fission (define and draw a diag…
Mitosis (define the phase and draw the…
Asexual Reproduction
Meiosis
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
a process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
Binary Fission (define and draw a diag…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Mitosis (define the phase and draw the…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
16 terms
10-2 Cell Division (Biology)
Chromosomes
46
they condense into a compact visible s…
the two structures that form the x of…
What carries the genetic information from one generation of c…
How many chromosomes do humans have?
At the beginning of cell division what happens to the chromos…
What are chromatids?
Chromosomes
What carries the genetic information from one generation of c…
46
How many chromosomes do humans have?
11 terms
biology cell division vocal 2
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs except…
sex cell. an egg or sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same appearance length and copies o…
chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs except…
gamete
sex cell. an egg or sperm cell
121 terms
Biology 2. - cell division
archaea
bacteria
binomial nomenclature
cladistics
ősbaktériumok
baktériumok
kétneves nevezéktan, első a nemzetség, második a fajnév
tulajdonságok alapján rendszerezés
archaea
ősbaktériumok
bacteria
baktériumok
28 terms
Cell bio - Ch. 5.1 - Cell division & the cell cycle #2
Cytokinesis
Mitosis
DNA Replication
Growth Phase 1 (G1)
Division of the cytoplasm, resulting in two daughter cells
The process in which the nucleus of the cell divides
Results in identical chromosomes; the process in which all of…
A cell spends most of its life in this phase. During this pha…
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm, resulting in two daughter cells
Mitosis
The process in which the nucleus of the cell divides
Biology - 10.2 Cell Division
mitosis and cytokinesis
centromere
interphase
G1, S, G2
In eukaryotic cells, what are the two main stages of cell div…
Each pair of chromatids is attached at an area called the ---…
The period of growth in between cell divisions
Interphase is divided into what three phrases?
mitosis and cytokinesis
In eukaryotic cells, what are the two main stages of cell div…
centromere
Each pair of chromatids is attached at an area called the ---…
49 terms
Rad Bio - Overview of Cell Biology and Cell Division
2 types of cells:
Function of a cell
three essentials that a cell needs
how does radiation affect a cell
Somatic and Reproductive
maintain homeostasis in times of injury, stress, exercise or…
food, oxygen, and water
it can destroy the cell completely or change its function
2 types of cells:
Somatic and Reproductive
Function of a cell
maintain homeostasis in times of injury, stress, exercise or…
15 terms
Biology 10.2 Cell Division
Chromosomes
Chromatids
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
- genetic info is passed from one generation to the next by c…
- each replicated chromosome is composed of two identical str…
- when it is visible, DNA coiled around proteins called histo…
- all cells come from preexisting cells ... - the cell cycle is…
Chromosomes
- genetic info is passed from one generation to the next by c…
Chromatids
- each replicated chromosome is composed of two identical str…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
Bio 2.5 - Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Interphase
M phase
cancer
The cell cycle is an ordered set of events that culminates in…
The stage in the development of the cell between two successi…
The periods of nuclear division (mitosis) and cytoplasmic div…
caused by uncontrolled cell division... growth of tumors
Cell Cycle
The cell cycle is an ordered set of events that culminates in…
Interphase
The stage in the development of the cell between two successi…
14 terms
Bio 10.2 Cell Division
1. mitosis- division of nucleus... 2. cyt…
Period of cell growth between division
1. G1 (First Gap Phase)- cell grows... 2.…
Occurs during G1... Some cells stop divid…
Cell division stages in eukaryotes
Interphase
4 phases of cell cycle
G0
1. mitosis- division of nucleus... 2. cyt…
Cell division stages in eukaryotes
Period of cell growth between division
Interphase
25 terms
Bio test 2 (cell division)
Binary fission
Sister chromatids
Homologous chromosomes
Diploid
Asexual reproduction by division of one cell or body into equ…
2 replicas of a single chromosome held together at their cent…
Material and paternal copies of the same chromosome
Two sets (2n)
Binary fission
Asexual reproduction by division of one cell or body into equ…
Sister chromatids
2 replicas of a single chromosome held together at their cent…
44 terms
Biology exam 2 Cell division
Which of the following statements is n…
Which of the following choices states…
The process of mitosis is thought to h…
A single cell grows into a multicellul…
As an organism matures, it needs to replace the DNA in each o…
Prokaryotes have a circular DNA molecule.
Both processes include DNA segregation.
mitosis.
Which of the following statements is n…
As an organism matures, it needs to replace the DNA in each o…
Which of the following choices states…
Prokaryotes have a circular DNA molecule.
12 terms
Biology 10-2 Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
centromere
division of the cell nucleus in eukaryotic cells
division of the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
the area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus in eukaryotic cells
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells
Biology: Unit 2 Cell Division
Spontaneous Generation
Francesco Redi
Lazzo Spallanzani
Louis Pasteur
19th century biologist believed that life could appear in non…
His experiment concluded that living things don't come from n…
His experiment concluded that life needs air... Experiment:... dif…
His experiment disproved the theory of spontaneous generation…
Spontaneous Generation
19th century biologist believed that life could appear in non…
Francesco Redi
His experiment concluded that living things don't come from n…
Bio 1.2.2 Cell Division-Mitosis
cell cycle
mitosis
prophase
metaphase
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
First phase of mitosis, chromosomes become visable, nuclear m…
Second phase of mitosis, chromosomes align themselves along t…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Cell Bio: Cell Division Pt. 2
extracellular signaling proteins
mitogens
receptor tyrosine kinases
mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade
in multicellular organisms, _________________________ control…
most extracellular signaling proteins are ___________ that ca…
most growth factors bind to ________________________
the binding of growth factors to receptor tyrosine kinases tr…
extracellular signaling proteins
in multicellular organisms, _________________________ control…
mitogens
most extracellular signaling proteins are ___________ that ca…
Biology - Cell Division - Unit 2
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Diffusion
Osmosis
The process of producing offspring from only one parent; the…
The process of producing offspring by the fusion of two gamet…
A transport mechanism for moving chemicals into and out of th…
The movement of a fluid, usually water, across a membrane tow…
Asexual Reproduction
The process of producing offspring from only one parent; the…
Sexual Reproduction
The process of producing offspring by the fusion of two gamet…
Biology: Cell Division Part 2
Diploid
Homologous Chromosomes
Haploid
Gametes
A cell that has a complete set of chromosomes
Pairs of chromosomes that are similar in size and information
A cell that has half of the normal amount of chromosomes
Haploid cells that are used for sexual reproduction
Diploid
A cell that has a complete set of chromosomes
Homologous Chromosomes
Pairs of chromosomes that are similar in size and information
Biology 10-2: Cell Division
What must every cell do before cell di…
How does cell division happen in proka…
How does cell division happen in eukar…
What is mitosis?
copy its genetic information
SIMPLE:... separating the contents of the cell into two parts
TWO MAIN STAGES:... 1) mitosis... 2) cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What must every cell do before cell di…
copy its genetic information
How does cell division happen in proka…
SIMPLE:... separating the contents of the cell into two parts
Biology 8.2: Cell Division
cell division (cell reproduction)
binary fission
mitosis
asexual reproduction
the process by which cells produce offspring cells
the division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
cell division that results in new cells with genetic material…
the production of offspring from one parent
cell division (cell reproduction)
the process by which cells produce offspring cells
binary fission
the division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
12 terms
Biology Term 2 - Cell Division
kines
inter
pro
ana
to move
between
before
opposite
kines
to move
inter
between
24 terms
Bio 2 AP Cell Division
Zygote
Gamete Cells
Somatic Cells
Chromosomes
Fertilized Egg
Sex Cells
Body Cells
Packages of DNA molecules
Zygote
Fertilized Egg
Gamete Cells
Sex Cells
14 terms
Bio 2 Vocab Cell Division and Cell Cycle
Problems that arise in a large cell
Purpose of cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
--"information overload" ... --inefficient transportation
Growth, repair/replacement, reproduction (GRR)
A simple method of reproduction that involves cell division i…
A complex reproduction that involves two parents and an offsp…
Problems that arise in a large cell
--"information overload" ... --inefficient transportation
Purpose of cell division
Growth, repair/replacement, reproduction (GRR)
Biology Cell Division Pt. 2
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Centromere
Part of a Eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucl…
Division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells
One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attatch
Mitosis
Part of a Eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucl…
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells
10.2 Biology Cell Division
Prokaryote cell division= simple matte…
Eukaryote cell division= __ complex &…
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Separating, 2 parts
More, 2 main
1st stage, division of cell nuc. ... Shortest of cell cycle
2nd stage, division of cytoplasm
Prokaryote cell division= simple matte…
Separating, 2 parts
Eukaryote cell division= __ complex &…
More, 2 main
23 terms
bio chapter 2: cell division
what is the job of the cell membrane?
where is DNA stored inside the cell?
what is inside the cytoplasm?
what is the cytoskeleton?
controls transport of substances in and out of the cell, and…
nucleus
organelles, cytoskeleton, and cytosol
"skeleton of the cell", has stiff rods made out of proteins t…
what is the job of the cell membrane?
controls transport of substances in and out of the cell, and…
where is DNA stored inside the cell?
nucleus
biology 10-2 cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
centromere
the first stage, division of the cell nucleus
the second stage, division of the cytoplasm
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
mitosis
the first stage, division of the cell nucleus
cytokinesis
the second stage, division of the cytoplasm
Biology 10-2 Cell Division
Cell Divison
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
A cell divides into two new daughter cells
The divison of the cell nucleus
The divison of the cytoplasm
One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell Divison
A cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
The divison of the cell nucleus
65 terms
Biology 8.2 - Cell Division (McTighe)
All cells come from __________________…
____________________ is the process by…
Cell division differs in _____________…
Prokaryotes have cell walls but lack _…
preexisting
Cell division (or cell reproduction)
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
nuclei
All cells come from __________________…
preexisting
____________________ is the process by…
Cell division (or cell reproduction)
6 terms
bio test #2 cell division
-diploid cells... -production of somatic…
-haploid cells... -production of gametes…
DNA + histone
nucleosome
mitosis
meiosis
chromatin = _____ + _____
DNA wrapping around histone
-diploid cells... -production of somatic…
mitosis
-haploid cells... -production of gametes…
meiosis
50 terms
Bio 225 (Lec. 2) The Cell and Cell Division
plasma membrane
plasma membrane structure
selectively permeable
functions of plasma membrane
surrounds the cell and gives it form
two layers of phospholipids with proteins scattered throughput
plasma membrane determines what moves in and out of the cell…
passive and active transport
plasma membrane
surrounds the cell and gives it form
plasma membrane structure
two layers of phospholipids with proteins scattered throughput
Chapter 6 (Cell Division) - BIOLOGY SAT2
form of cell division that halves the…
meiosis 1 phases
meiosis 2 phases
chromosomes become visible. the nuclea…
meiosis
prophase 1 metaphase 1 anaphase 1 telophase 1
prophase 2 metaphase 2 anaphase 2 telophase 2
prophase I
form of cell division that halves the…
meiosis
meiosis 1 phases
prophase 1 metaphase 1 anaphase 1 telophase 1
27 terms
Biology Sem. 2: Cell Division
Chromatid
Centromere
Cell division
Mitosis
1 half of a chromosome pair
Where chromatids meet
The process in which cells divide into 2 new cells
another name for Cell division process
Chromatid
1 half of a chromosome pair
Centromere
Where chromatids meet
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