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Study sets matching "bio division cells biology cancer"

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Study sets matching "bio division cells biology cancer"

25 terms
Biology for cell division and cancer
crossing over
p53
chromatin
chromatid
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
when the cell is NOT dividing; looks like messy hair
each side of the chromosome (divides)
crossing over
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
p53
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
25 terms
Biology for cancer and cell division
p53
Chromatin
chromatid
Bivalent
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
form of cell, when it's not dividing (looks like messy hair)
each side of the chrmosome (divides)
The DNA wraps up ("condense") to form a bivalent chromosome.…
p53
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
Chromatin
form of cell, when it's not dividing (looks like messy hair)
25 terms
Biology - Cancer/cell division
benign tumor
What is Cancer
Biopsy
Malignant tumor
Not always cancerous and does not spread
uncontrolled mitosis of abnormal cells that can spread throug…
A test to check if the cells in a tumor are cancer or not
Tumors that can metastasize
benign tumor
Not always cancerous and does not spread
What is Cancer
uncontrolled mitosis of abnormal cells that can spread throug…
60 terms
bio cell division and cancer
why do cells divide?
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
to repair injured tissues, for growth, and to replace dead ce…
results in the production of two identical daughter cells ... mi…
involves an egg and sperm cell, results in different daughter…
chromatin, long and thin ... long stretched out rods of DNA ... are…
why do cells divide?
to repair injured tissues, for growth, and to replace dead ce…
asexual reproduction
results in the production of two identical daughter cells ... mi…
bio cell division/cancer
How large is DNA in each human cell?
What is Chromatin?
What are histones?
What is a Chromosome?
about 1.8 meters (average female height) and must pack into a…
thin fibers that are made of DNA and proteins
proteins that DNA winds around
condensed (coiled) chromatin that replicates before cell divi…
How large is DNA in each human cell?
about 1.8 meters (average female height) and must pack into a…
What is Chromatin?
thin fibers that are made of DNA and proteins
14 terms
Biology: cancer and cell division
Cancer
How do cancer cells differ from normal…
Benign tumor
Characteristics of cancer cells
Diseases caused by uncontrolled cell division
Divide when shouldn't, invade and move to new locations
Rumor that doesn't affect nearby tissues - can press onto oth…
Immortalized, abnormal, angiogenesis(blood from other cells)
Cancer
Diseases caused by uncontrolled cell division
How do cancer cells differ from normal…
Divide when shouldn't, invade and move to new locations
16 terms
Biology-Cell Division & CANCER
Meiosis
haploid
diploid
Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaph…
Sexual Division
23 chromosomes, half
46 chromosomes, full
Stages of cell devision
Meiosis
Sexual Division
haploid
23 chromosomes, half
biology cell division and cancer
reasons for cell division
binarry fision
The organization of DNA
Chromosome
- asexual reproduction... - to replace cells that die ... - for gro…
the splitting of one cell into two
- DNA is a macromolecule (nucleic acid)... - It is organized int…
- has centromere ... - condensed... - can be single or duplicated
reasons for cell division
- asexual reproduction... - to replace cells that die ... - for gro…
binarry fision
the splitting of one cell into two
23 terms
Biology cell division & cancer
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telephase
1st and longest stage of mitosis. The chromatin condenses int…
2nd and shortest stage of mitosis. Sister chromatids line up…
Chromosomes move to opposite poles
Chromosomes reach poles of cell nuclear material divides
Prophase
1st and longest stage of mitosis. The chromatin condenses int…
Metaphase
2nd and shortest stage of mitosis. Sister chromatids line up…
58 terms
Bio cell division and cancer
Nucleus membrane dissapears during thi…
chromosomes align at equator (middle)…
centromeres split during this phase
nuclear membrane reappears during this…
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
Nucleus membrane dissapears during thi…
prophase
chromosomes align at equator (middle)…
metaphase
45 terms
Bio 100 Cancer and Cell Division
Cell division
Cancer
tumor
Benign Tumor
the process through which a cell copies itself
cell divides when it should not
mass of cells with no apparent function in the body... (unregula…
do not invade surrounding tissue
Cell division
the process through which a cell copies itself
Cancer
cell divides when it should not
38 terms
Cancer and Cell Division Bio Quiz
Tumor
Malignant
Benign
Carcinogens
Formed when cells divide uncontrollable and stick together
Cancerous tumor
Non-cancerous tumor
Smoking, alcohol, virus, chemicals, radiation (sun)
Tumor
Formed when cells divide uncontrollable and stick together
Malignant
Cancerous tumor
24 terms
Biology Cell Division and Cancer TEST
Explain why chromosomes must condense…
Identify nucleosome structures using m…
Outline the mechanism of histone-DNA a…
Outline the events of G1, S, G2, and G…
Chromosomes must condense during mitosis so that they can dup…
nucleosomes have histones. Histones are teeny tiny things and…
proteins are positive and DNA is negative so they stick toget…
G₁- offspring cells grow to mature size... S- cell DNA copied... G₂…
Explain why chromosomes must condense…
Chromosomes must condense during mitosis so that they can dup…
Identify nucleosome structures using m…
nucleosomes have histones. Histones are teeny tiny things and…
34 terms
Bio- Cell Division, Replication & Cancer
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides not two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring which inherits some of their genetic information fr…
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides not two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
35 terms
bio dna / cell division/ cancer
function of DNA
what is a chromosome
nucleotides
4 types of bases
store information for organisms characteristics... determine fun…
very long, single chain of DNA (eukaryotic)... circular chain of…
make up dna... -phosphate... -sugar... -base... always the same except fo…
adenine ... thymine (a + t bond)... cystotine ... guanine (c + g bond)
function of DNA
store information for organisms characteristics... determine fun…
what is a chromosome
very long, single chain of DNA (eukaryotic)... circular chain of…
17 terms
Bio 1010-Cell Division and Cancer
DNA Replication Steps
Homologous Chromosomes
Tumor-suppressing Genes
Metastasized
1. The DNA strands separate... 2. Free nuleotides attach to the…
-2 chromosomes that are the same type. ... -they both have the s…
-a protein that normally slows down cell division. ... -when mut…
-when the cancerous cells invade surrounding tissues, moving…
DNA Replication Steps
1. The DNA strands separate... 2. Free nuleotides attach to the…
Homologous Chromosomes
-2 chromosomes that are the same type. ... -they both have the s…
46 terms
Cell Division and Cancer Biology Test
why does DNA duplicate before cell div…
what are the 5 steps of DNA replication?
what is the rate of DNA polymerase?
what is a mutation?
to ensure that every cell has an exact copy of DNA
1- carried out by specialized enzymes ... 2- helicase unzips dou…
50 nucleotides per second
a change in a DNA sequence
why does DNA duplicate before cell div…
to ensure that every cell has an exact copy of DNA
what are the 5 steps of DNA replication?
1- carried out by specialized enzymes ... 2- helicase unzips dou…
14 terms
Biology: Chromosomes and Cell Division (Cancer)
Cancer
When does Cancer occur?
What causes DNA disruption?
What are the 3 most significant featur…
Unrestrained cell growth and division that can damage adjacen…
Cancer occurs when some disruption of the DNA in a normal cel…
Disruption can be caused by ... -chemicals that mutate DNA ... -by…
1. Cancer cells lose their "contact inhibition"... 2. Cancer cel…
Cancer
Unrestrained cell growth and division that can damage adjacen…
When does Cancer occur?
Cancer occurs when some disruption of the DNA in a normal cel…
118 terms
Bio Chapter 5 Cell Division and Cancer
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cancer
Normal Cell
Cell division for growth and repair... Somatic cell (parent cell…
Cell division for reproduction formation of sex cells (sperm…
Uncontrolled Cell division
øAnchorage dependence... øContact inhibition... øCheckpoints observ…
Mitosis
Cell division for growth and repair... Somatic cell (parent cell…
Meiosis
Cell division for reproduction formation of sex cells (sperm…
49 terms
Biology- Cell Division, Stem Cells & Cancer
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Sex Chromosomes
Chromatid
the long coiled strands of DNA located in the nucleus of a ce…
A pair of chromosomes that contain the exact same type of gen…
X or Y these chromosomes determine the sex (male / female) of…
1/2 of a chromosome, each chromatid contains the same exact g…
Chromosome
the long coiled strands of DNA located in the nucleus of a ce…
Homologous Chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes that contain the exact same type of gen…
33 terms
Cell division and Cancer
Mitosis
Chromosome
Chromatid
Centromere
Cell's division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins.
One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached.
Mitosis
Cell's division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that…
Chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins.
41 terms
BIOLOGY: cell cycle and division, cancer, stem cells
Factors Limiting Cell Size
Limiting Factor: Diffusion
Limiting Factor: DNA
Limiting Factor: Surface Area to Volum…
3 factors: diffusion, DNA, surface area to volume ratio (SA:V)
Cell size increases, diffusion becomes more slow and less eff…
As a cell grows in size, more demands are placed on the cell'…
As a cell increases in size, volume increases more than surfa…
Factors Limiting Cell Size
3 factors: diffusion, DNA, surface area to volume ratio (SA:V)
Limiting Factor: Diffusion
Cell size increases, diffusion becomes more slow and less eff…
110 terms
Cell Division/Cancer AP Bio Review
Anaphase
Cell Cycle
Cell plate formation
Centriole
3rd phase; the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the…
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
Process of cytoplasmic division in plant cells; after nuclear…
Centrosome, Mitotic spindle Basal bodies
Anaphase
3rd phase; the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
31 terms
Mitosis, Cell Division and Cancer
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
G1
What is the process where the nucleus of a cell divides? Invo…
What is the process where the cytoplasm of a cell divides?
What part of the cell cycle is the cell not dividing?
What part of interphase does the cell increase in size and pr…
Mitosis
What is the process where the nucleus of a cell divides? Invo…
Cytokinesis
What is the process where the cytoplasm of a cell divides?
12 terms
Biology Final(cell cycle, cancer, and cell division)
Cells limited in size... #1 ... rank:3
Cell cycle steps... #2... rank:3
Cancer, causes of cancer... #4... rank:2
Proto oncogene mutations... Tumor suppre…
cells are limited to their size since there surface area can…
Interphase:... G0-the cell is not dividing ... g1-cell grows and sy…
Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cells, which is caused…
Proto oncogenes control the growth of cells, when a mutations…
Cells limited in size... #1 ... rank:3
cells are limited to their size since there surface area can…
Cell cycle steps... #2... rank:3
Interphase:... G0-the cell is not dividing ... g1-cell grows and sy…
28 terms
Cancer and Cell Division
Biopsy
Benign
Cancer
Chemotherapy
Removal of body tissue for testing
Non-invasive cells that stay in the original site
Uncontrolled cell division
Drugs given by IV to kill or slow spreading cancers
Biopsy
Removal of body tissue for testing
Benign
Non-invasive cells that stay in the original site
19 terms
BIO: Cell Division and Cancer (EXAM 1)
Homologs
Homologous Pair
Mitosis
Apoptosis
The two chromosomes of the same type
Each member of the pair has the same genes on it
The process of cell division occurring when a diploid cell co…
When the body kills its own cells
Homologs
The two chromosomes of the same type
Homologous Pair
Each member of the pair has the same genes on it
23 terms
Cell Division and Cancer
Binary fission
Mitosis
Chromosome
Chromatid
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
The cell dividing in two. Final product is 2 cells that are e…
Tightly packed DNA in the nucleus.
One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Mitosis
The cell dividing in two. Final product is 2 cells that are e…
82 terms
Biology: Cell Division: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Cancer: Questions
Why do we need to make more cells?
Why are cells round?
What division process do asexual organ…
What division process do sexual organi…
- repair (injury)... - replace dead cells/ worn out (skin, blood…
surface area to volume ratio must be good
They go through mitosis
They go through meiosis
Why do we need to make more cells?
- repair (injury)... - replace dead cells/ worn out (skin, blood…
Why are cells round?
surface area to volume ratio must be good
20 terms
Cell division and Cancer (edited)
Mitosis
Chromosome
Chromatid
Centromere
Cell's division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins.
One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached.
Mitosis
Cell's division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that…
Chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins.
24 terms
Cell Division, Cancer, Cell Cycle ~ 9th Grade Biology
Part 1
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
Cell Cycle
Still has chromatin and a nucleus, occurs before Mitosis.
Where the cell grows.
Part 1
Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
34 terms
Honors Bio Cell Division, Cancer, Reproduction
asexual reproduction
binary fission
mitosis
chromatin
cloning, exact copies of DNA are separated into two new cells
asexual reproduction in prokaryotic cells
the process of cell division in eukaryotic cells
complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the…
asexual reproduction
cloning, exact copies of DNA are separated into two new cells
binary fission
asexual reproduction in prokaryotic cells
26 terms
Bio ch. 12 Mitosis, cell division, cancer
cell cycle
mitosis
DNA synthesis/replication
sister chromatids
life of a cell from the time it is formed during division unt…
the division of genetic material in the nucleus. followed by…
...
joined copies of a replicated chromosome
cell cycle
life of a cell from the time it is formed during division unt…
mitosis
the division of genetic material in the nucleus. followed by…
155 terms
Bio C&G Cell division, Cancer
interphase (cell life cycle)
gap 1
gap 2
differentiation
gap 1... gap 0... synthesis... gap 2
growth
differentiation
change to certain type of cell
interphase (cell life cycle)
gap 1... gap 0... synthesis... gap 2
gap 1
growth
70 terms
Cancer & The Cell - Cell Division & Cancer
Apoptosis
Cancer
Cell
Cell Theory
- The natural destruction of certain cells in a growing organ…
- is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can af…
...
- proposes that all organisms are composed of one or more cel…
Apoptosis
- The natural destruction of certain cells in a growing organ…
Cancer
- is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can af…
86 terms
bio exam 2- cell division and cancer
Chromosomes
Body Cells
Homologs
Diploid (2N)
______________________ carry information needed to make cells…
_____________ have the same number and types of chromosomes a…
two chromosomes of the same type
two of each type of chromosome in their cells
Chromosomes
______________________ carry information needed to make cells…
Body Cells
_____________ have the same number and types of chromosomes a…
35 terms
5ABCD: Cell division and Cancer
Binary fission
Mitosis
Chromosome
Chromatid
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Cell's division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins.
One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Mitosis
Cell's division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that…
Chapter 9, Cell Division and Cancer, Bio 101
Identify the process that occurs at ea…
Cell division is used for all of the f…
what is the function of the mitotic sp…
Cell division by mitosis is a mechanis…
G1:cell prepares to replicate DNA... S: DNA synthesized ... G2: sis…
production of hormones
separating sister chromatids
two daughter cells with identical chromosomes
Identify the process that occurs at ea…
G1:cell prepares to replicate DNA... S: DNA synthesized ... G2: sis…
Cell division is used for all of the f…
production of hormones
60 terms
Ap Bio Cell Division, Mutations, and Cancer
what best distinguishes living things…
what is the continuity of life based on
what does cell division do in unicellu…
reasons why multicellular organisms de…
the ability to reproduce
cell division
reproduces the entire organism
-development from fertilized cell ... -growth ... -repair
what best distinguishes living things…
the ability to reproduce
what is the continuity of life based on
cell division
100 terms
Bio Midterm #2 (Cell Division and Cancer)
T/F mistakes made in chromosome number…
How many types of chromosomes do human…
How many types of chromosomes do fruit…
Diploid Organism
True
23
4
has two of each type of chromosome in their cells
T/F mistakes made in chromosome number…
True
How many types of chromosomes do human…
23
26 terms
Cell division, cancer, meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell grows, gets ready for cell division and replicates DNA
The DNA coils up to form chromosomes, the centrioles begin to…
Chromosomes line up along the center of the cell.
Sister chromatids are separated and move to opposite sides of…
Interphase
Cell grows, gets ready for cell division and replicates DNA
Prophase
The DNA coils up to form chromosomes, the centrioles begin to…
26 terms
Cell division, cancer, meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell grows, gets ready for cell division and replicates DNA
The DNA coils up to form chromosomes, the centrioles begin to…
Chromosomes line up along the center of the cell.
Sister chromatids are separated and move to opposite sides of…
Interphase
Cell grows, gets ready for cell division and replicates DNA
Prophase
The DNA coils up to form chromosomes, the centrioles begin to…
26 terms
Cell division, cancer, meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell grows, gets ready for cell division and replicates DNA
The DNA coils up to form chromosomes, the centrioles begin to…
Chromosomes line up along the center of the cell.
Sister chromatids are separated and move to opposite sides of…
Interphase
Cell grows, gets ready for cell division and replicates DNA
Prophase
The DNA coils up to form chromosomes, the centrioles begin to…
57 terms
Cancer and Cell division
centromere
centromeres
metaphase
metaphase
Count chromosomes by their ________
centromere
centromeres
Count chromosomes by their ________
13 terms
Cell Division and Cancer
chromatin
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
DNA unwound
duplication and division of the cell nucleus
dividing of the cytoplasm in cell division
DNA condensed and organized
chromatin
DNA unwound
mitosis
duplication and division of the cell nucleus
20 terms
Cell Division and Cancer
G0 Phase
chromatin
interphase
centrosomes
Non-dividing state occupied by cells that have left the cell…
Complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chromoso…
Period of time in between mitosis or meiosis, during which a…
Microtubule-organizing centers that help to form and organize…
G0 Phase
Non-dividing state occupied by cells that have left the cell…
chromatin
Complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chromoso…
49 terms
Cell division and Cancer
Mitosis
DNA
DNA replication
Chromatin
Cell's division of the nucleus. One cell dividing into two ce…
must be copied before mitosis
the name given to copying the DNA
DNA and protein in normal (loose) and stringy state
Mitosis
Cell's division of the nucleus. One cell dividing into two ce…
DNA
must be copied before mitosis
21 terms
Cancer and Cell Division
Cancer
Cyclins
Number of DNA breaks (lesions) per day…
Autolysis
Uncontrolled cell division
proteins that control the cell cycle
500,000
Cell death
Cancer
Uncontrolled cell division
Cyclins
proteins that control the cell cycle
25 terms
cell division and cancer
P53
biopsy
metastasize
carcinogens
the guardian angel gene
a test to see if cells are cancerous or not
may break away from other cells
anything that raises the risk of getting cancer
P53
the guardian angel gene
biopsy
a test to see if cells are cancerous or not
25 terms
Cell Bio Test 4-Cancer Cell Biology
Cancer Cell Biology
Benign
Malignant or Metastatic
Cells in Culture
-1 in 5 humans of prosperous countries world wide will die of…
-if localized or surrounded by fibrous connective tissue→beni…
-grow and divide more rapidly than benign... -not surrounded by…
-require rich medium (9 essential AAs, vitamins, GFs), solid…
Cancer Cell Biology
-1 in 5 humans of prosperous countries world wide will die of…
Benign
-if localized or surrounded by fibrous connective tissue→beni…
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