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Study sets matching "bio division cells biology"

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Study sets matching "bio division cells biology"

46 terms
1b. OAT Bio- Cellular Biology: Cell Division
Prokaryote Reproduction
Binary Fission
autosomal cells
The Cell Cycle... What are the three main…
Reproduce quickly via binary fission (asexual repro); increas…
The cell doubles in mass, and the single DNA molecule attache…
aka somatic cells; ... - contain diploid (2n) number of chromos…
(Go Sally Go Make Children)... - Continuous processes in which…
Prokaryote Reproduction
Reproduce quickly via binary fission (asexual repro); increas…
Binary Fission
The cell doubles in mass, and the single DNA molecule attache…
44 terms
bio 1.6 cell division-- CELL BIOLOGY
mitosis definition
what must happen before mitosis occurs?
interphase
when is mitosis required
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
all of the DNA in the nucleus must be duplicated- interphase
each chromosome is converted from a single DNA molecule into…
whenever cells with genetically identical nuclei are required…
mitosis definition
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
what must happen before mitosis occurs?
all of the DNA in the nucleus must be duplicated- interphase
49 terms
Rad Bio - Overview of Cell Biology and Cell Division
2 types of cells:
Function of a cell
three essentials that a cell needs
how does radiation affect a cell
Somatic and Reproductive
maintain homeostasis in times of injury, stress, exercise or…
food, oxygen, and water
it can destroy the cell completely or change its function
2 types of cells:
Somatic and Reproductive
Function of a cell
maintain homeostasis in times of injury, stress, exercise or…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
30 terms
LC Biology Cell Division
cell division
Reproduction
Mitosis and Meiosis
asexual reproduction
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
When a unicellular organism carries out mitosis , this result…
2 types of cell division
The production of genetically identical offspirng from a sing…
cell division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Reproduction
When a unicellular organism carries out mitosis , this result…
10 terms
Intro Bio-Cell Division
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Prophase
Metaphase
27 terms
Cell Division Biology Honors
G1
S phase
G2
Interphase
Growth phase
When DNA Replication occurs
The stage of interphase where the organelles divide
Cell growth
G1
Growth phase
S phase
When DNA Replication occurs
34 terms
RHS Biology - Cell Division
Surface Area
Volume
Cell Division
Cell Growth
the outside area of something (length x width) x 6 sides
the quantity of space occupied by a liquid, solid, or gas (le…
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
cell development and cell division
Surface Area
the outside area of something (length x width) x 6 sides
Volume
the quantity of space occupied by a liquid, solid, or gas (le…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
54 terms
BIO - Cell Division Unit Test
Cell Cycle
Somatic Cells (body cells)
Purpose of the cell cycle
Purpose of mitosis
a series of events that cells go through as they grow and div…
Types of cells that go through the cell cycle
Growth and Repair
To create new body cells
Cell Cycle
a series of events that cells go through as they grow and div…
Somatic Cells (body cells)
Types of cells that go through the cell cycle
8 terms
AS Biology Cell Division
Mitosis
Main stages of mitosis
Significance of mitosis
Mitosis in plants vs mitosis in animals
Mitosis occupies only a small percentage of the cell cycle an…
Interphase... - ATP production... - cell growth... - protein synthesis…
Growth of multicellular organisms - cells genetically identic…
Animals... - most cells can divide by mitosis... - cytokinesis begi…
Mitosis
Mitosis occupies only a small percentage of the cell cycle an…
Main stages of mitosis
Interphase... - ATP production... - cell growth... - protein synthesis…
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
42 terms
Cell Division- Biology (Thessen)
Homologous chromosomes
G1 phase
G2 phase
S phase
chromosomes that contain the same genes.
When the cell grows and does its job.
When the cell grows and doubles its organelles in preparation…
When the cell replicates its DNA
Homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that contain the same genes.
G1 phase
When the cell grows and does its job.
9 terms
Biology Objectives Bio Pac 4 Cell Cycle And Cell Division
Growth 1
Synthesis
Growth 2
Cytokinesis
Chromosomes Decondense ,increase in number of ribosomes and m…
DNA Replication(from uncondensed chromatin)
Disaggregation of cytoskeleton, centriole duplicate completed…
The cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis. Now…
Growth 1
Chromosomes Decondense ,increase in number of ribosomes and m…
Synthesis
DNA Replication(from uncondensed chromatin)
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
98 terms
biology final (cell division)
cell cycle
gap 1
synthesis
gap 2
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divisi…
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
DNA replication
additional growth and normal functions
cell cycle
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divisi…
gap 1
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
15 terms
Biology 6A Cell Division
CHROMOSOME
MITOSIS
BINARY FISSION
CHROMATID
COMPACT STRUCTURES OF DNA AND PROTEINS
CELL DIVISION THAT CREATES TWO CELLS THAT ARE GENETICALLY IDE…
CELL DIVISION THAT OCCURS IN PROKARYOTES
HALF OF A CHROMOSOME
CHROMOSOME
COMPACT STRUCTURES OF DNA AND PROTEINS
MITOSIS
CELL DIVISION THAT CREATES TWO CELLS THAT ARE GENETICALLY IDE…
50 terms
Academic Biology: Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
36 terms
Biology Cell Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromososme
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
form of reproduction in which cells of 2 parents unite to for…
threadlike structure of dna and protein that contain genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
29 terms
Biology - Cell Division
Cells are capable of what?
Cell create cells that are genetically…
When a cell become too large this is t…
Cell division occurs because cell volu…
division
similar
cell division
surface area
Cells are capable of what?
division
Cell create cells that are genetically…
similar
25 terms
Biology for cell division and cancer
crossing over
p53
chromatin
chromatid
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
when the cell is NOT dividing; looks like messy hair
each side of the chromosome (divides)
crossing over
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
p53
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
23 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cell Division
Centriole
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
Centriole
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
Chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
32 terms
Biology Unit 5 Cell Division
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. ... Final product is 2 ce…
1st phase... Chromatin coils making chromosomes visible... nuclear…
2nd phase ... Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned…
3rd phase... the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the…
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. ... Final product is 2 ce…
Prophase
1st phase... Chromatin coils making chromosomes visible... nuclear…
32 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Division (Mitosis)
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles
Tissue
Organs
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
Many cells combine to make this structure. Ex. osteocytes mak…
Tissues that perform a specific function. Ex. Muscle tissue m…
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Cell Organelles
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
36 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle and Division
Chromosome
Cyclin
Karyotype
Mitosis
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
28 terms
Biology-Cell Division
Structure of nuclear DNA
Prophase
Prometaphase
Kinetochores microtubles
organization of eukaryotic chromosomes:... 1. DNA double helix…
1.Chromosomes condense and become visible... 2.Spindle fibers em…
1.Chromosomes continue to condense... 2.Kinetochores appear at t…
is a protein structure on chromatids where the spindle fibers…
Structure of nuclear DNA
organization of eukaryotic chromosomes:... 1. DNA double helix…
Prophase
1.Chromosomes condense and become visible... 2.Spindle fibers em…
121 terms
Bio: Cell Division
cell division
zygote
genome
somatic cell
When the sperm fertilizes the egg
genetic material; DNA... must be duplicated Before a cell divides
body cell... 46 chromosomes ... 23 pairs
cell division
zygote
When the sperm fertilizes the egg
24 terms
Cell division DE Bio
Telomere
Linear
Binary fission
Two identical, diploid, daughter cells
Every time a cell divides, the _________________ gets a bit s…
Eukaryotic cells have ________ chromosomes that float freely…
Prokaryotic cells divide by ___________________
What is the product of cell division through mitosis?
Telomere
Every time a cell divides, the _________________ gets a bit s…
Linear
Eukaryotic cells have ________ chromosomes that float freely…
26 terms
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
68 terms
AP BIOLOGY CELL DIVISION
cell division functions in
mitosis produces
meiosis occurs
a chromosome consists of
growth, repair, and reproduction
two genetically identical daughter cells and conserves the ch…
in the sexually reproducing organisms and resultes in cells w…
highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA
cell division functions in
growth, repair, and reproduction
mitosis produces
two genetically identical daughter cells and conserves the ch…
6 terms
Biology Cell Division and Differentiation
Mitosis
cell differentiation
daughter cells
multicellular organism
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
the process by which a cell becomes specialized for a specifi…
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cel…
Organism made up of many cells
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
cell differentiation
the process by which a cell becomes specialized for a specifi…
22 terms
Bio Cell Division
Phases of the Cell Cycle
G1
S (synthesis)
G2
G1, S, G2, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Primary growth phase... Cells Mature... Normal metabolic activities
DNA replicated
Secondary growth phase... Needed for division
Phases of the Cell Cycle
G1, S, G2, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
G1
Primary growth phase... Cells Mature... Normal metabolic activities
55 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
binary fission
mitosis
meiosis
diploid number
prokaryotic cell division; asexual reproduction
eukaryotic cell division (results in diploid)
gamete making process (results in haploid)
2N (in humans 46 chromosomes)
binary fission
prokaryotic cell division; asexual reproduction
mitosis
eukaryotic cell division (results in diploid)
49 terms
AP Bio: Cell Division
Overview
chromosome
centromere
kinetochore
→ the cell cycle... → cell division and cancerous cells... → meiosi…
- consists of highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA... - rep…
specialized region that holds the two chromatids together
disc-shaped protein on centromere... attaches chromatid to mitot…
Overview
→ the cell cycle... → cell division and cancerous cells... → meiosi…
chromosome
- consists of highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA... - rep…
23 terms
Cell Biology - Cell Division
The nucleus controls
specific number of chromosomes
Diploid
unicell - purpose
activities within the cell, including cell division. It conta…
known as the chromosome compliment
in each pair, one chromosome is from the mother and other fro…
means by which they reproduce
The nucleus controls
activities within the cell, including cell division. It conta…
specific number of chromosomes
known as the chromosome compliment
71 terms
Bio- Cell Division Quiz
Another word for cell division is ____…
Main 4 functions of cell division
A cell must ___________ its DNA before…
Human DNA contains ______ billion base…
Mitosis
1. Growth in multi cellular organisms... 2. Repair... 3. Cell speci…
Copy
3 ... Large
Another word for cell division is ____…
Mitosis
Main 4 functions of cell division
1. Growth in multi cellular organisms... 2. Repair... 3. Cell speci…
58 terms
Bio cell division
Every cell contains
DNA
How does all this DNA fit in nucleus
Histones
6 feet of dna inside its nucleus
carrier of genetic info
DNA is tightly packed
DNA binding protein
Every cell contains
6 feet of dna inside its nucleus
DNA
carrier of genetic info
33 terms
Biology-Cell Division and More
Why do Cells Divide?
Prokaryotic cells
Binary fission
Prokaryotic cells
-Growth... -Replacing old or damaged cells ... -Healing
Without nucleus, single, circular chromosome
A form of asexual reproduction - form of cell division for pr…
Cell life cycle much shorter than eukaryotes - happens very f…
Why do Cells Divide?
-Growth... -Replacing old or damaged cells ... -Healing
Prokaryotic cells
Without nucleus, single, circular chromosome
43 terms
Bio Cell division Martin
mitosis
chromosome
chromatin
chromatid
cell erects duplicate cells... asexual reproduction, repair dama…
piece of DNA, many genes
unwound DNA, DNA in active form, the info can be read
either of the duplicate halves
mitosis
cell erects duplicate cells... asexual reproduction, repair dama…
chromosome
piece of DNA, many genes
76 terms
Austin Bio Cell Division
S
binary fission
Bacterial Cell Division
cancer
After chromosomes are copied during ____ phase, they are move…
Bacteria divide by
Single, circular bacterial... chromosome is replicated... • Replica…
In multicellular organisms, uncontrolled cell division may le…
S
After chromosomes are copied during ____ phase, they are move…
binary fission
Bacteria divide by
92 terms
AP Bio - Cell Division
Sexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction
clone
Diploid cell
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
when one parent organism produces offspring without meiosis a…
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
A cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inher…
Sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Asexual reproduction
when one parent organism produces offspring without meiosis a…
46 terms
Applied Biology Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
121 terms
Bio: Cell Division
cell division
zygote
genome
somatic cell
When the sperm fertilizes the egg
genetic material; DNA... must be duplicated Before a cell divides
body cell... 46 chromosomes ... 23 pairs
cell division
zygote
When the sperm fertilizes the egg
43 terms
Bio- Cell division
gamates
somatic cells
meiosis
cytokinesis
sex cells (egg and sperm)... -23 chromosomes (unpaired)... haploid-…
body cells (non-sex cells)... -46 chromosomes... -23 pairs... -diploid…
occurs in reproductive cell division
division of the cytoplasm
gamates
sex cells (egg and sperm)... -23 chromosomes (unpaired)... haploid-…
somatic cells
body cells (non-sex cells)... -46 chromosomes... -23 pairs... -diploid…
54 terms
DAT Biology (Cell Division)
two genetically identical daughter cells
2n
n
centromere
What does mitosis produce?
What is the number of products produced by mitosis?
What is the number of products produced by meiosis?
A specialized region that holds the two chromosomes together/
two genetically identical daughter cells
What does mitosis produce?
2n
What is the number of products produced by mitosis?
35 terms
bio cell division (mcgonegal)
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplasts
cilia
inflexible barrier that provides support and protects plant c…
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
double membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloroph…
projection from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and feed…
cell wall
inflexible barrier that provides support and protects plant c…
centrioles
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
30 terms
Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Interphase (image)
G1
S
Includes Growth Phase 1, Synthesis Phase, and Growth Phase 2.…
Period of cell growth before the DNA is duplicated (interphas…
Period when DNA is duplicated (chromosomes are duplicated)
Interphase
Includes Growth Phase 1, Synthesis Phase, and Growth Phase 2.…
Interphase (image)
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