Study sets matching "bio engineering"

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Study sets matching "bio engineering"

24 terms
WHS Biology: Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
biotechnology
a method of breeding that allows only those organisms with de…
a breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar indivi…
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
the process of manipulating the organisms, cells, or molecule…
selective breeding
a method of breeding that allows only those organisms with de…
hybridization
a breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar indivi…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Genetic Engineering
genetic engineering
purposes of genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
transgenic organisms
manipulating DNA (genes) to get a desired result or trait
locate genes, cloning, breeding, genetically modified food, i…
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
organisms that possess genes that they would not naturally po…
genetic engineering
manipulating DNA (genes) to get a desired result or trait
purposes of genetic engineering
locate genes, cloning, breeding, genetically modified food, i…
Biology Chapter 15 Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Biotechnology
Method of breeding where the organisms that breed are picked…
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Application of a technological process, invention, or method…
Selective Breeding
Method of breeding where the organisms that breed are picked…
Hybridization
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
14 terms
Biology Mutations Genetic Engineering
DNA
1) Isolation of DNA from source material
2) Amplification of DNA
3) Cutting of DNA into fragments
differs among species and individuals;
extraction, isolation... http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/…
PCR- polymerase chain reaction... https://youtu.be/iQsu3Kz9NYo
RFLP- restriction fragment length polymorphisms; used for the…
DNA
differs among species and individuals;
1) Isolation of DNA from source material
extraction, isolation... http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/…
8 terms
Biology genetic engineering test
restriction enzymes
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
restriction map
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides(ba…
The direct manipulation(changing)of genes for practical purpo…
DNA that contains genes from more than one organism
shows the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites…
restriction enzymes
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides(ba…
genetic engineering
The direct manipulation(changing)of genes for practical purpo…
12 terms
General Biology - DNA Engineering
selective breeding
genetic variation
hybridization
disease resistance
Method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desi…
Differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
the ability to ward off disease
selective breeding
Method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desi…
genetic variation
Differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
Biology Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Hybrids
Inbreeding
allowing only those organisms with desired characteristics to…
combine desired traits of two different organisms to bring to…
are hardier than either of their parents
maintain desired characteristics by breeding individuals with…
Selective Breeding
allowing only those organisms with desired characteristics to…
Hybridization
combine desired traits of two different organisms to bring to…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Biotechnology
Method of breeding where the organisms that breed are picked…
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
Application of a technological process, invention, or method…
Selective Breeding
Method of breeding where the organisms that breed are picked…
Hybridization
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
63 terms
Biology- Genetic Engineering
genome
GMO, medicine, vaccine, cure disorders…
human genome project
most genetic disorders occur from impr…
an organism's complete set of genetic material
what are all 7 kinds of genetic engineering
scientific study that determines the entire nucleotide sequen…
why do we study DNA
genome
an organism's complete set of genetic material
GMO, medicine, vaccine, cure disorders…
what are all 7 kinds of genetic engineering
Biology, Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
What types of animals is selective bre…
Hybridization
When scientists manipulate genes to produce a product they want
Passing desirable traits on to the next generation
domestic and farm animals
crossing two dissimilar organisms
Genetic Engineering
When scientists manipulate genes to produce a product they want
Selective Breeding
Passing desirable traits on to the next generation
18 terms
Biology-Genetic Engineering (Unit 2)
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Genetically modified organism
Transgenic organisms
The artificial manipulation or alteration of genes, allows ge…
When the DNA recombines after the small section of DNA is ins…
An organism with altered DNA
Contain genes from another species
Genetic engineering
The artificial manipulation or alteration of genes, allows ge…
Recombinant DNA
When the DNA recombines after the small section of DNA is ins…
79 terms
Biology Engineer
Power
Force X Speed =
1 horsepower = ? ft*lb/sec
1 watt = ? N*m/sec
the measurement of the rate at which work is done
Power
550
1
Power
the measurement of the rate at which work is done
Force X Speed =
Power
55 terms
Biology for Engineers
Gametes
Somatic cells
Zygote
syngamy
Haploid cells (sperm, egg)
Diploid, body cells
A fertilized gamete cell
fertilization
Gametes
Haploid cells (sperm, egg)
Somatic cells
Diploid, body cells
Biology Chapter 15 Genetic Engineering
genetic engineering
purposes of genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
transgenic organisms
manipulating DNA (genes) to get a desired result or trait
locate genes, cloning, breeding, genetically modified food, i…
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
organisms that possess genes that they would not naturally po…
genetic engineering
manipulating DNA (genes) to get a desired result or trait
purposes of genetic engineering
locate genes, cloning, breeding, genetically modified food, i…
13 terms
Biology genetic engineering
What is transgenic Organism? Example
What is a mutation ?
What is a point mutation ?
What is frameshift mutation and how is…
Plants and animals that contain functional recobinant DNA fro…
Any change or random error in a DNA sequence
Mutation in a DNA sequence over from a chance in a single bas…
Mutation that occurs when a single base is added or deleted f…
What is transgenic Organism? Example
Plants and animals that contain functional recobinant DNA fro…
What is a mutation ?
Any change or random error in a DNA sequence
20 terms
Engineering Biology Chapter 7
limitations of immunofluorescence
Green Fluorescence Protein
GFP
blue and green
antibodies don't penetrate membrane, immunofluorescence can't…
GFP
produced by jellyfish Aequorea Victoria
GFP absorbs ____ light and emits _____ light
limitations of immunofluorescence
antibodies don't penetrate membrane, immunofluorescence can't…
Green Fluorescence Protein
GFP
14 terms
Biology Ch#15 - Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
biotechnology
the process of mating organisms with specific characteristics…
crossing dissimilar organisms to bring together the traits of…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
the application of a technological process, invention, or met…
selective breeding
the process of mating organisms with specific characteristics…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar organisms to bring together the traits of…
Biology - Genetic Engineering/Human Genetics
selective breeding
inbreeding
mutation
variation
breeding organisms for different traits ... EX: breeding dogs fo…
breeding with a close relative to make traits more dominant
ultimate source of variation
breeders need this to do their jobs
selective breeding
breeding organisms for different traits ... EX: breeding dogs fo…
inbreeding
breeding with a close relative to make traits more dominant
32 terms
Engineering Biology Chapter 5
exogenous visible-range fluorophores
intracellular organelles, proteins, nu…
fluorophore types
fluorescein and rhodamine B
fluorescence cell microscopy employs____
exogenous visible range fluorphores (used as dyes/stains) all…
synthetic organic molecules, bioconjugates (biomolecule-fluro…
example of generic synthetic organic fluorophores
exogenous visible-range fluorophores
fluorescence cell microscopy employs____
intracellular organelles, proteins, nu…
exogenous visible range fluorphores (used as dyes/stains) all…
19 terms
Biology Genetic Engineering
artificial insemination
biotechnology
chromosomes
cloning
procedure to make a female animal pregnant using previously c…
application of biological information to the manufacture of p…
thread-like structures which carry the genes, present in the…
the practice of artificially producing two or more geneticall…
artificial insemination
procedure to make a female animal pregnant using previously c…
biotechnology
application of biological information to the manufacture of p…
17 terms
H Biology: Genetic Engineering
gel electrophoresis
transgenic organism
recombinant DNA
plasmid
The tool used to separate DNA fragments according to their si…
The name given to an organism that contains genes from anothe…
A section of DNA, often in the form of a plasmid, which is fo…
A small, circular section of extra DNA that confers one or mo…
gel electrophoresis
The tool used to separate DNA fragments according to their si…
transgenic organism
The name given to an organism that contains genes from anothe…
10 terms
A biology engineering challenge
gametes
fertilization
zygotes
Chromosomes
sex cells reproductive cell
the joining of egg and sperm cell
cell forms from fertilization
within a nucleus, threadlike, contains DNA
gametes
sex cells reproductive cell
fertilization
the joining of egg and sperm cell
10 terms
A biology engineering challenge
meiosis
gametes
zygotes
fertilization
when cells divide chromosomes are split in half to sex cells
sex cells reproductive cell
cell forms from fertilization
the joining of egg and sperm cell
meiosis
when cells divide chromosomes are split in half to sex cells
gametes
sex cells reproductive cell
9 terms
Biology Vocab- Genetic Engineering
Vector
Genome
Restriction Enzyme
Vaccine
A plasmid, a ring of DNA within a bacteria
Organisms complete set of DNA
Used to cut DNA to create sticky ends when making recombinant…
Provides active immunity to a particular disease
Vector
A plasmid, a ring of DNA within a bacteria
Genome
Organisms complete set of DNA
12 terms
Biology Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Restriction Enzymes
RESTRICTION ENZYMES more
manipulating DNA for practical purposes: 1. for the Human Gen…
used to make many copies of DNA - gives scientists enough DNA…
1. proteins which recognize and cut SPECIFIC base sequences o…
cut or cleave DNA at certain sites, cut up viral bacteria tha…
Genetic Engineering
manipulating DNA for practical purposes: 1. for the Human Gen…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
used to make many copies of DNA - gives scientists enough DNA…
Biology~ Genetic Engineering Vocab
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Polymerase chain reaction
The modification of organisms, cells, in their molecules for…
The manipulation of an organism's genetic material by adding,…
Enzymes required to cut DNA into small pieces. These recogniz…
A laboratory technique that allows a tiny piece of DNA to be…
Biotechnology
The modification of organisms, cells, in their molecules for…
Genetic engineering
The manipulation of an organism's genetic material by adding,…
11 terms
Biology Engineering Challenge Vocab
Meiosis
Gametes
Zygotes
Fertilization
process when the number of chromosomes are reduced by half in…
-also called reproductive cell & sex cells ... - egg and sperm... -…
cell formed by fertilization
-process in sexual reproduction ... -egg and sperm join ... - to fo…
Meiosis
process when the number of chromosomes are reduced by half in…
Gametes
-also called reproductive cell & sex cells ... - egg and sperm... -…
26 terms
Engineering Biology Chapter 6
small semiconductor crystals
core and shell
CdSe
ZnS
colloidal quantum dots are:
structure of quantum dots
core of quantum dots
shell of quantum dot
small semiconductor crystals
colloidal quantum dots are:
core and shell
structure of quantum dots
biology: genetic engineering
inbreeding
hybridization
cloning
recombinate DNA
breeding two closely related individuals to ensure the desire…
crossing individuals that both have desirable traits
copying the organism or gene, only need one cell to clone
DNA of two or more DNA
inbreeding
breeding two closely related individuals to ensure the desire…
hybridization
crossing individuals that both have desirable traits
Biology genetic engineering
Vector
Genome
Restriction enzyme
Selective breeding/artificial selection
DNA molecule used as a vehicle to carry genetic material into…
Complete set of genetic material in an organism
Enzyme produced by bacteria having the property of DNA molecu…
Humans use animal and plant breeding to selectively develop p…
Vector
DNA molecule used as a vehicle to carry genetic material into…
Genome
Complete set of genetic material in an organism
8 terms
BIOLOGY Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
A) bacteria B) plants and C) animals
prokaryotic, DNA, tranformation
the use of organisms to perform practical tasks for humans
specific form of biotechnology used to manipulate an organism…
Some organisms used for genetic engineering?
Bacteria are ______ cells that have the ability to take in __…
Biotechnology
the use of organisms to perform practical tasks for humans
Genetic engineering
specific form of biotechnology used to manipulate an organism…
Biology- Genetic Engineering
DNA fingerprinting
restriction enzyme
vector
plasmid
cut into little fragments, separated by sequence length
an enzyme that is used to cut DNA at certain places along bot…
DNA used to transfer genes from one organism to another
circular piece of DNA found in bacteria, replicates separate…
DNA fingerprinting
cut into little fragments, separated by sequence length
restriction enzyme
an enzyme that is used to cut DNA at certain places along bot…
14 terms
Biology: Genetic Engineering
DNA Ligase
Transgenic
Clones
PCR
Glue that sticks together sticky ends
An organism with foreign DNA
An exact copy of the original organsim
The replication of DNA, happens when heat is applied, the DNA…
DNA Ligase
Glue that sticks together sticky ends
Transgenic
An organism with foreign DNA
41 terms
Engineering in Biology Chapter 2
100 micrometers
microscopy
Main microscopic methods used in BME
Optical Microscopy, Fluorescence Micro…
Eye resolution limit
methods for imaging objects smaller than the eye resolution l…
Optical Microscopy, Fluorescence Microscopy, Confocal Microsc…
Microscopic Methods used in Visible Light
100 micrometers
Eye resolution limit
microscopy
methods for imaging objects smaller than the eye resolution l…
38 terms
Biology Genetic Engineering
Some reasons food crops have been sele…
Harmful effects of selective breeding
Selective breeding
Selective breeding
Size, taste, resistance, nutrition, and color.
Decreased variety, recessive traits are passed on for diseases.
Allows only animals with desired characteristics to produce t…
Mate two species for desired traits.
Some reasons food crops have been sele…
Size, taste, resistance, nutrition, and color.
Harmful effects of selective breeding
Decreased variety, recessive traits are passed on for diseases.
(GENETIC ENGINEERING) BIOLOGY
genetic engineering
restriction enzymes
plasmid
What are plasmids used for?
the process of manipulating genes
bacterial enzymes that recognize and bind to specific short s…
DNA molecules that can replicate independently, gene of inter…
sometimes genes inside provide bacteria with genetic advantag…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes
restriction enzymes
bacterial enzymes that recognize and bind to specific short s…
25 terms
Biology: Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
DNA technology
Restriction enzymes
Sticky ends
The application of molecular genetics for practical purposes
The technology involved in genetic engineering that can be us…
Bacterial enzymes that are used to cut DNA molecules into mor…
Single-chain "tails" of DNA that are created on each DNA segm…
Genetic engineering
The application of molecular genetics for practical purposes
DNA technology
The technology involved in genetic engineering that can be us…
23 terms
Biology - Genetic Engineering
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Genetic Engineering
Cloning
Breeding two, similar animals/plants
Breeding two dissimilar animals/plants
Plants and animals containing genes from other species
Process of creating a genetically identical copy of an origin…
Inbreeding
Breeding two, similar animals/plants
Hybridization
Breeding two dissimilar animals/plants
10 terms
A biology engineering challenge
meiosis
gametes
zygotes
fertilization
when cells divide chromosomes are split in half to sex cells
sex cells reproductive cell
cell forms from fertilization
the joining of egg and sperm cell
meiosis
when cells divide chromosomes are split in half to sex cells
gametes
sex cells reproductive cell
Biology: Genetic Engineering
use naturally occurring genetic variat…
domestic animals, crops
crossing different individuals to get…
hybrids
what is selective breeding?
what is an example of selective breeding?
what is hybridization?
offspring in hybridization are called ___________
use naturally occurring genetic variat…
what is selective breeding?
domestic animals, crops
what is an example of selective breeding?
Biology Genetic Engineering
Operon
Operator
Repressor
Inducer
cluster of genes that code for proteins with related function…
acts like a switch turning the operon on and off Prokaryote
binds to the operator preventing RNA polymerase from transcri…
removes the repressor by binding to it and changinging... its sh…
Operon
cluster of genes that code for proteins with related function…
Operator
acts like a switch turning the operon on and off Prokaryote
13 terms
Biology: Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
mutations
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
inheritable changes in DNA
selective breeding
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
35 terms
Engineering in Biology Chapter 4
Advantages of fluorescence microscopy
Fluorescence
particles
discrete
high contrast, high selectivity for intracellular structures…
molecules can absorb light of one wavelength and emit light w…
in addition to wave properties, light also has the properties…
energy of light is ______
Advantages of fluorescence microscopy
high contrast, high selectivity for intracellular structures…
Fluorescence
molecules can absorb light of one wavelength and emit light w…
Biology Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
luther burbank
hybridization
polyploidy
allowing only animals with desired characteristics to produce…
greatest selective plant breeder
crossing two dissimilar individuals to bring together the bes…
many sets of chromosomes
selective breeding
allowing only animals with desired characteristics to produce…
luther burbank
greatest selective plant breeder
5 terms
Biology- Genetic Engineering
Hybridization
Inbreeding
DNA Extraction
Cutting DNA
Crossing dissimilar organisms to bring together best traits o…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
chemical procedure that opens up cells, breaks down nucleus a…
DNA needs to be cut into smaller fragments in order to be ana…
Hybridization
Crossing dissimilar organisms to bring together best traits o…
Inbreeding
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
51 terms
Biology- Genetic Engineering
Genetic marker
Genetic engineering
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Short section of DNA that indicates the presence of an allele…
A form of applied genetics in which scientists directly manip…
Mating with relatives
Breeding techniques that involves crossing dissimilar individ…
Genetic marker
Short section of DNA that indicates the presence of an allele…
Genetic engineering
A form of applied genetics in which scientists directly manip…
10 terms
Biology: Genetic Engineering
genetic engineering
DNA technology
Gene expression
introns
applied genetics in which scientists directly manipulate genes
techniques for analyzing and manipulating DNA from two sources
the activation of a gene that results in the formation of a p…
sections of genes that do NOT code for amino acids
genetic engineering
applied genetics in which scientists directly manipulate genes
DNA technology
techniques for analyzing and manipulating DNA from two sources
62 terms
Biology: Genetic Engineering & Virus
restriction enzyme
electrophoresis
plasmids
vector
enzyme that recognizes and binds to specific short sequences…
A technique that uses an electrical field within a gel to sep…
A circular DNA molecule found naturally in some bacteria and…
An agent that is used to carry the gene of interest into anot…
restriction enzyme
enzyme that recognizes and binds to specific short sequences…
electrophoresis
A technique that uses an electrical field within a gel to sep…
Biology Mutations and Genetic Engineering
Mutation
Deletion Frame Shift
Insertion Frame Shift
Duplication
Change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information.
A base is removed from a DNA sequence(Frameshift)
A base is added to a DNA sequence(Frameshift)
Extra copies of part of a chromosome are produced.
Mutation
Change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information.
Deletion Frame Shift
A base is removed from a DNA sequence(Frameshift)
29 terms
Biology Honors: Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering
cohen and bowen
frog
vector
when your cut a gene out of one species and you put it into t…
first 2 people to do genetic engineering
animal cohen and bowen used to insert rRNA into bacteria
usually a virus or bacteria - carries the gene of interest
Genetic engineering
when your cut a gene out of one species and you put it into t…
cohen and bowen
first 2 people to do genetic engineering
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