Study sets matching "bio final lab biology plants"

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Study sets matching "bio final lab biology plants"

58 terms
Bio 1B - Plant Biology
animals
zoology
plants
botany
can move about; have sensory and perceptive capability
science focused on animals
every other living thing; have bodies, nutritive, and reprodu…
science focused on plants
animals
can move about; have sensory and perceptive capability
zoology
science focused on animals
57 terms
IB Bio: Plant Biology
Importance of plants
Characteristics of all plants
Characteristics of land plants
Rhizoids
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
Support and anchorage... Vascular tissue to conduct nutrients/wa…
Hair-like structures on mosses and ferns... Act like roots to an…
Importance of plants
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Characteristics of all plants
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
346 terms
Bio 152 Plant Biology
Indeterminate growth
Determinate growth
Angiosperms
Chicken or egg: land vs. water
Plants, open development: some genetic but no limit on size
Humans, genetic program as a preset limit
Flowering plants
Life evolved in water and moved to land
Indeterminate growth
Plants, open development: some genetic but no limit on size
Determinate growth
Humans, genetic program as a preset limit
36 terms
Bio 1B Plant Biology
sporophyll
sorus
megasporangiate strobilus
megasporophyll
modified leaves that bear sporangia
Cluster of sporangia usually on underside of a fern frond
female cones
A leaflike structure that bears megasporangia
sporophyll
modified leaves that bear sporangia
sorus
Cluster of sporangia usually on underside of a fern frond
Bio. Plant Biology
Cell Wall
Primary Cell Wall
Secondary Cell Wall
Middle Lamella
-In plant cells ... -located outside of the plasma membrane... -Com…
Young, actively growing outer cell wall (lots of pectin)
Older cells that contain lots of lignin
Cells are glued together with this pectin layer
Cell Wall
-In plant cells ... -located outside of the plasma membrane... -Com…
Primary Cell Wall
Young, actively growing outer cell wall (lots of pectin)
297 terms
Bio 1B Plant Biology
Linnaeus
Classification of plants and animals
Eukarya included
Gen. Characteristics of Fungi
classifies all organisms as plants or animals based on charac…
Archea, Eukaryotes, Bacteria
plants animals, fungi (plants)
-not true plants, but considered plants for historical reason…
Linnaeus
classifies all organisms as plants or animals based on charac…
Classification of plants and animals
Archea, Eukaryotes, Bacteria
27 terms
BIOLOGY 156 PLANT BIO
Describe what is studied in the field…
Describe the possible causes of humans…
Describe what is studied in the field…
Distinguish between the function of pl…
Which of the following might be an ethnobotanist study? ... A. t…
Because it may have forced humans to exist at higher populati…
A. Porcupines... B. Bumblebees... [C. Marine sponges]... D. Lizards
Which of the following would be classified as a primary chemi…
Describe what is studied in the field…
Which of the following might be an ethnobotanist study? ... A. t…
Describe the possible causes of humans…
Because it may have forced humans to exist at higher populati…
98 terms
Biology - Plant Bio
Draw the basic leaf structure
function of waxy cuticle
function of palisade mesophyll
function of spongy mesophyll layer
...
protects plants against water loss and insect invasion
located in upper epidermis as light is available, chloroplast…
located superior to stomata to allow continuous gas exchange.
Draw the basic leaf structure
...
function of waxy cuticle
protects plants against water loss and insect invasion
111 terms
Bio 101 Plant Biology
homology
Shh
Sox9
homoplasy
similarities that result from common ancestry. divergence und…
determines polarity and asymmetry of a limb
early cartilage development
independent similarities. ex: two flowers which are independe…
homology
similarities that result from common ancestry. divergence und…
Shh
determines polarity and asymmetry of a limb
63 terms
bio: plant biology
characteristics/ definition of a plant
adaptations from water--> land
types of plants
gametophyte phase
multicellular, photoautotrophs, eukaryotic cells, alteration…
cuticle and stomata (prevent desication)... roots and shoots (va…
bryophytes (non-vascular)... ferns (seedless vascular plants)... gy…
spores turn into sperm(n) and egg (n) which then meet and bec…
characteristics/ definition of a plant
multicellular, photoautotrophs, eukaryotic cells, alteration…
adaptations from water--> land
cuticle and stomata (prevent desication)... roots and shoots (va…
31 terms
bio: plant biology
characteristics/ definition of a plant
adaptations from water--> land
types of plants
gametophyte phase
multicellular, photoautotrophs, eukaryotic cells, alteration…
cuticle and stomata (prevent desication)... roots and shoots (va…
bryophytes (non-vascular)... ferns (seedless vascular plants)... gy…
spores turn into sperm(n) and egg (n) which then meet and bec…
characteristics/ definition of a plant
multicellular, photoautotrophs, eukaryotic cells, alteration…
adaptations from water--> land
cuticle and stomata (prevent desication)... roots and shoots (va…
Bio 1B: Plant Biology
septate hyphae
coenocytic hyphae
mycelium
ectomycorrizal fungi
fungal hyphae which have septa = partially open partitions, d…
fungal hyphae with no compartmentalization, free movement of…
collection of branching filaments which make up majority of f…
association between plants and higher fungi (with septa) whic…
septate hyphae
fungal hyphae which have septa = partially open partitions, d…
coenocytic hyphae
fungal hyphae with no compartmentalization, free movement of…
126 terms
Bio Unit 5 - Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae characteristics
how to kingdom plantae reproduction
what is alternation of generations
how do the diploid generation give ris…
eukaryotic, multicellular (mostly), nonmotile (mostly), conta…
alternation of generations
the switching back and forth between the production of diploi…
through meiotic cell division. spores go through meiosis to p…
Kingdom Plantae characteristics
eukaryotic, multicellular (mostly), nonmotile (mostly), conta…
how to kingdom plantae reproduction
alternation of generations
19 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Transpiration
Mesophyl
Epidermis
Why are pores needed in the epidermis
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
Secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to the leaf. Preven…
Needed for CO2 to enter the leaf and O2 to leave
Transpiration
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Mesophyl
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
7 terms
Bio 1108 Plant Biology
What color is least absorbed in plants…
Where does the light dependent action…
Granum
stroma
Green; it is not absorbed by caretinoids, chlorphyll a or chr…
In the thylakoid membrane
a stack of thylakoids
fluid filled space outside of all thylakoids but inside the i…
What color is least absorbed in plants…
Green; it is not absorbed by caretinoids, chlorphyll a or chr…
Where does the light dependent action…
In the thylakoid membrane
36 terms
Bio 1B Plant Biology
sporophyll
sorus
megasporangiate strobilus
megasporophyll
modified leaves that bear sporangia
Cluster of sporangia usually on underside of a fern frond
female cones
A leaflike structure that bears megasporangia
sporophyll
modified leaves that bear sporangia
sorus
Cluster of sporangia usually on underside of a fern frond
Bio 1B Plant Biology
Linnaeus
Classification of plants and animals
Eukarya included
Gen. Characteristics of Fungi
classifies all organisms as plants or animals based on charac…
Archea, Eukaryotes, Bacteria
plants animals, fungi (plants)
-not true plants, but considered plants for historical reason…
Linnaeus
classifies all organisms as plants or animals based on charac…
Classification of plants and animals
Archea, Eukaryotes, Bacteria
55 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Why do evergreens have a cone shape?
What is the role of adhesion in transp…
Promote
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
The bottom of the tree has low levels of auxin which promotes…
Adhesion causes water molecules to stick to the inside of the…
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
Promote
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
Bio test Plant Biology
Photosynthesis
Transpiration
Where are guard cells found
Stomata
synthesis of carbs using light energy
the inevitable consequence of gas exchange in the leaf
they are found in pairs on either side of the stoma.
found in nearly all groups of land plants for at least part o…
Photosynthesis
synthesis of carbs using light energy
Transpiration
the inevitable consequence of gas exchange in the leaf
51 terms
Bio 103 Plant Biology
which is not one of the four key steps…
Which step of cellular respiration do…
If cellular respiration were to take p…
What is meant by the "fluid mosaic mod…
a. Electron transport chain... b. Glycolysis... c. Calvin Cycle... d.…
a. Glycolysis... b. Krebs Cycle... c. Pyruvate Oxidation... d. Both gl…
a. Ethanol... b. Methane... c. Carbon dioxide... d. Lactic acid
a. Cell membranes fill whatever space is available.... b. Cell m…
which is not one of the four key steps…
a. Electron transport chain... b. Glycolysis... c. Calvin Cycle... d.…
Which step of cellular respiration do…
a. Glycolysis... b. Krebs Cycle... c. Pyruvate Oxidation... d. Both gl…
47 terms
IB BIO 9 Plant Biology
roots
Mesophyll
epidermis
leaves
anchor the plant... absorb nutrients from the soil
provides a moist large surface for gas exchange
secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to reduce excessive…
produce sugars (by photosynthesis)
roots
anchor the plant... absorb nutrients from the soil
Mesophyll
provides a moist large surface for gas exchange
49 terms
Bio Exam 2: Plant Biology
Two main plant groups
ecological importance of plants
-water is transported via the... -sugars…
primary producers
green algae and land plants
-production of free O2-50% of total... -sequester carbon from CO…
-xylem... -phloem
plants, bacteria, protists
Two main plant groups
green algae and land plants
ecological importance of plants
-production of free O2-50% of total... -sequester carbon from CO…
Bio 1B Plant Biology Midterm
3 Domains of Life
Cyanobacteria
Closely Related to Fungi
Ectomycorrhizal Fungi (EMF)
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryotes
Only bacteria capable of photosynthesis and it led to oxygen…
Animals; they share a common ancestor ~1bya
These fungi associate with temperate and boreal trees; the fu…
3 Domains of Life
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryotes
Cyanobacteria
Only bacteria capable of photosynthesis and it led to oxygen…
25 terms
Topic 9 - Plant biology (IB Bio 2014)
Adhesive property
Capillary tubing
Cohesive property
Osmosis
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
the sticking together of similar molecules, such as one water…
net movement of water molecules through a semi-permeable memb…
Adhesive property
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
Capillary tubing
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
199 terms
Bio 152 Midterm 2 Plant Biology
Plants
When did plants begin to exist on land?
plant functions similar to animals
Why do plants have indeterminate growth?
photosynthetic eukaryotes that live on land
490 Ma
Reproduce, obtain nutrition, disperse, fend off pathogens, an…
Competition for light and other resources
Plants
photosynthetic eukaryotes that live on land
When did plants begin to exist on land?
490 Ma
62 terms
Bio Test 2 - Plant Biology
2 Groups of plants
Ecological Importance of plants
CO2 is absorbed via _________ on leaves
__________ is lost via the stoma
Green algae and Land plants
-Free O2 production: ~50%... -Sequester carbon from carbon dioxi…
via stroma
H2O and O2
2 Groups of plants
Green algae and Land plants
Ecological Importance of plants
-Free O2 production: ~50%... -Sequester carbon from carbon dioxi…
78 terms
Bio 130 Plant Biology- Plant ID Exam
Common Liverwort
Peat Moss
Hair Cap Moss
Club Moss
Common Liverwort
Peat Moss
224 terms
Bio 162 Fungi, Plants, and Conservation Biology
Kingdom Fungi
Mycelium
Hyphae
Septa
Eukaryotic, heterotrophic, cell wall of chitin; reproduce wit…
Interwoven mass of fungal hyphae that infiltrates the materia…
Network of tiny filaments that consist of tubular cell walls…
Cross-walls that divide the hyphae into cells; have pores lar…
Kingdom Fungi
Eukaryotic, heterotrophic, cell wall of chitin; reproduce wit…
Mycelium
Interwoven mass of fungal hyphae that infiltrates the materia…
15 terms
Bio Topic 13 Plant Biology
3 benefits of plants
primary growth
secondary growth
evolution of plants
medicines, oxygen is released, uses carbon dioxide from the a…
makes plants taller
makes plants wider
green algae, bryophytes, ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms
3 benefits of plants
medicines, oxygen is released, uses carbon dioxide from the a…
primary growth
makes plants taller
Science | Biology | AP Bio | Plant Vocab
Apical bud
Axillary bud
Blade
Compound leaf
The tip of a growing shoot
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
The flat and expanded part of a leaf
Multiple leaflets
Apical bud
The tip of a growing shoot
Axillary bud
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
Biology Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
4 Main Groups of Plants
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
border the stomata and control size by expanding and contract…
1) Bryophyte (non vascular)... 2) Pterophyte (vascular, but prim…
Cuticle
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
Stomata
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
128 terms
Bio 201 Final - Plant Biology
cell wall
pectin
lignin
plasmodesmata
composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, lignin
flexible primary cell wall
secondary cell wall, makes them more rigid
primary cell walls have openings between adjacent cell walls
cell wall
composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, lignin
pectin
flexible primary cell wall
25 terms
Topic 9 - Plant biology (IB Bio 2014)
Adhesive property
Capillary tubing
Cohesive property
Osmosis
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
the sticking together of similar molecules, such as one water…
net movement of water molecules through a semi-permeable memb…
Adhesive property
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
Capillary tubing
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
280 terms
Plant Biology Test 2 BIO 153
monocots
eudicot
cotyledon
monocot characteristics
one cotyledon
two seed leaves
embryonic or seed leaf involved in nutrient storage or absorp…
1. one cotyledon... 2. leaf veins parallel... 3. vascular bundles c…
monocots
one cotyledon
eudicot
two seed leaves
Biology Exam 2 plant bio
Prior to the advent of DNA sequencing…
Consider the metabolic repertoire of p…
Archaea and bacteria are involved in w…
We typically think of bacteria as inha…
True
False
the nitrogen cycle... the carbon cycle... the sulfur cycle
all of the above
Prior to the advent of DNA sequencing…
True
Consider the metabolic repertoire of p…
False
50 terms
IB higher bio - Plant Biology
what is the structure of a leaf?
how and why do the stomata open and cl…
what are the function of the root syst…
basics of transpiration? what, where,…
waxy cuticle -> upper epidermis -> palisade layer (containing…
how - water enters guard cells by osmosis, making them turgid…
- water absorption... - mineral ion absorption (active transport…
- continual loss of water vapour from the leaves and stems of…
what is the structure of a leaf?
waxy cuticle -> upper epidermis -> palisade layer (containing…
how and why do the stomata open and cl…
how - water enters guard cells by osmosis, making them turgid…
66 terms
IB Bio HL 2 - Plant Biology
plant leaves
cuticle
stomata/stoma
veins
designed to absorb radiant energy and optimize rate of photos…
waxy layer located on the top and bottom of the leaf; helps r…
openings in the plan leaf that allow gas exchange and facilit…
contain vessels for transporting water and nutrients througho…
plant leaves
designed to absorb radiant energy and optimize rate of photos…
cuticle
waxy layer located on the top and bottom of the leaf; helps r…
Bio 1b Plant Biology Section
sexual life cycles differ from:
Five clades of fungi (earliest to late…
Stages of Fertilization in Fungi:
Arbuscular mychorrizae
1) timing of meiosis ... 2) whether mitosis is limited to one of…
1) chytridiomycota... 2) zygomycota... 3) glomeromycota... 4) Ascomyco…
1) Plasmogamy (fusion of cytoplasm) ... 2) karyogamy (fusion of…
inside of cells
sexual life cycles differ from:
1) timing of meiosis ... 2) whether mitosis is limited to one of…
Five clades of fungi (earliest to late…
1) chytridiomycota... 2) zygomycota... 3) glomeromycota... 4) Ascomyco…
51 terms
Bio 1B Plant Biology Terminology
Plastids
Archaea
Halophiles
Thermophiles
Organelles created through endosymbiosis: mitochondria and ch…
Prokaryotic clade which includes extremophiles
Extremophiles which thrive in saline environments
Extremophiles which thrive in extremely hot environments
Plastids
Organelles created through endosymbiosis: mitochondria and ch…
Archaea
Prokaryotic clade which includes extremophiles
36 terms
Biology plants
What is the Stamen?
Anther
Filament
What is the pistil?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
its the thin hair like stalk that sits on top of the anther
the female part of the plant,its made up of the stigma, style…
What is the Stamen?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
Anther
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
152 terms
Bio1B Midterm 3: Plants Biology
Linnaeus originally classified all org…
Basic facts for considering life on ea…
The first living organism (common ance…
Eukarya includes:
- movement vs. no apparent movement... - eating vs. no eating... -…
- Earth was formed 4.3 - 4.5 billion years ago... - First life o…
bacteria; Archaea; Eukarya
plants, animals, and fungi
Linnaeus originally classified all org…
- movement vs. no apparent movement... - eating vs. no eating... -…
Basic facts for considering life on ea…
- Earth was formed 4.3 - 4.5 billion years ago... - First life o…
113 terms
BIO 1B: PLANT BIOLOGY PRACTICAL
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Saprobe
Parasite
An organism that contains organic food molecules without eati…
An organism that cannot fix carbon from inorganic sources but…
An organism that derives its nourishment from nonliving or de…
An organism that lives in/on another organism (its host) and…
Autotroph
An organism that contains organic food molecules without eati…
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot fix carbon from inorganic sources but…
Fritz BIO 311D Basic Plant Biology
Autotroph
Plant
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Self feeding organism that sustains itself without eating any…
Multicellular eukaryotes that have cell walls and obtain most…
Organism that sustain themselves by consuming other organisms
Process used by plants and other organisms to convert light e…
Autotroph
Self feeding organism that sustains itself without eating any…
Plant
Multicellular eukaryotes that have cell walls and obtain most…
43 terms
Bio 1B Plant Biology Lab 1
autotroph
heterotroph
saprobes
mitosis
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
obtain nutrition by breaking down and feeding on dead/decayin…
nuclear division in eukaryotic cells; conserves chromosome nu…
autotroph
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Biology Plants
palmate vennation
pinnate vennation
parallel vennation
alternate arrangement
palmate vennation
pinnate vennation
63 terms
Bio 1B - Lab Practical (Plant Biology)
autotroph
heterotroph
saprobe
parasites
an organism that can produce oxygen and carbohydrates via pho…
obtains food from other source because they can't produce the…
heterotroph that obtain nutrition by breaking down and feedin…
heterotroph that obtain nutrition through another organism (h…
autotroph
an organism that can produce oxygen and carbohydrates via pho…
heterotroph
obtains food from other source because they can't produce the…
86 terms
Plant Biology; Patterns of Evolution Bio Block 3
Define plant evolution
When did the ancient plants first appe…
What is the classic alternation of gen…
Haploid
the slow, methodical evolution of photosynthetic organisms ov…
the precambrian period... (beginning 3.9 bya with photosynthetic…
sporophytes (2n = diploid) alternating with gametophytes (n =…
An organism or cell having only one set of chromosomes.
Define plant evolution
the slow, methodical evolution of photosynthetic organisms ov…
When did the ancient plants first appe…
the precambrian period... (beginning 3.9 bya with photosynthetic…
25 terms
Plants Biology
Cuticle
Carbon Dioxide
Xylem
Phloem
A waxy layer that covers the outer epidermal wall, which prev…
a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and orga…
Transports water from roots to shoots
transports sugars and minerals from leaves to the roots for s…
Cuticle
A waxy layer that covers the outer epidermal wall, which prev…
Carbon Dioxide
a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and orga…
Bio 1B Plant Biology (Midterm 3)
obligate aerobes
obligate anaerobes
facultative anaerobes
nitrogen fixation
must use O2 for cellular respiration and cannot grow without it
poisoned by O2, may live exclusively by fermentation or other…
use O2 if it is present but can also carry out fermentation o…
converting N2 to NH3, making it usable for amino acids and ot…
obligate aerobes
must use O2 for cellular respiration and cannot grow without it
obligate anaerobes
poisoned by O2, may live exclusively by fermentation or other…
31 terms
Biology: Plants
Ground tissue
Collenchyma cells
Parenchyma cells
Mesophyll cells
between the dermal and vascular systems
live cells that provide flexible and mechanical support found…
cells for photosynthesis, storage, and secretion
paranchyma cells in leaves used for photosynthesis
Ground tissue
between the dermal and vascular systems
Collenchyma cells
live cells that provide flexible and mechanical support found…
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