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Study sets matching "bio final lab biology"

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Study sets matching "bio final lab biology"

40 terms
Bio Final-Environmental Biology
Biology
Ecology
Individual
Population
The study of life
The relations of organisms to one another and to their physic…
One single organism
All the inhabitants of a particular area
Biology
The study of life
Ecology
The relations of organisms to one another and to their physic…
32 terms
AS Bio Molecular biology
protein
carbohydrate
lipid
peptide bond
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
Class of organic compounds containing only carbon, hydrogen,…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
The chemical bond that forms between the carboxyl group of on…
protein
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds containing only carbon, hydrogen,…
30 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
cell
theory
membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
72 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
8 terms
AP Biology Bio-molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
Monomer- Amino Acid... Polymer- Polypeptide and/or dipeptide (En…
Monomer- Nucleotide... Polymer- DNA, RNA... Elements- C, H, O, N, P…
Carbohydrate
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Lipid
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
17 terms
WHS Biology Unit 2: BioChemistry
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecules composed of many monomers' makes up macromolecules
simple sugar molecule
Macromolecule
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
31 terms
7-Molecular Biology- Bio
DNA
Double helix
Nitrogen base
Codon
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
The chemicals that make up the rungs of the DNA ladder. A-T a…
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Double helix
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
72 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
77 terms
Biology of Sex. Bio 323
What is Science?
Understanding Science
Science in the Media
THEORY
1. Aims to explain the natural world. ... A. Science does not s…
1. Who's the expert? ... A. Consider the expert and what they k…
1. Understanding science can:... A. Make you a better informed…
Outside science-> I have a theory-> Hunch or unsupported pers…
What is Science?
1. Aims to explain the natural world. ... A. Science does not s…
Understanding Science
1. Who's the expert? ... A. Consider the expert and what they k…
38 terms
Mo Biology Chemistry for Bio
atoms
elements
compounds
molecules
What is the basic unit of matter?
What are substances that cannot be broken into simpler types…
What is the name of 2 or more different elements chemically c…
What are groups of two or more atoms held together by chemica…
atoms
What is the basic unit of matter?
elements
What are substances that cannot be broken into simpler types…
95 terms
BIO - 329 - Vertebrate Biology
Cornea
Pupil
Lens
Retina
Outer front part of the eye for Focusing
Part of the eye that opens to let light in
Focusing of the Eyes
Houses rods and cones
Cornea
Outer front part of the eye for Focusing
Pupil
Part of the eye that opens to let light in
17 terms
BioMed Biology Biomolecules
Atoms in Carbohydrates
Atoms in Lipids
structure of simple carbohydrates
structure of simple carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
mono and disaccharides
mono and disaccharides
Atoms in Carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Atoms in Lipids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
63 terms
Biology Bio Chem
Matter
Atomic Structure
Elements
Compound
Anything that occupies space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of 2 or more different elements combin…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Atomic Structure
60 terms
Honors Biology- BioChem
What do organic compounds always conta…
What are the four types of macromolecu…
What is a carbohydrate's job?
What are the three types of carbohydra…
Carbon
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
To give QUICK energy
Monosaccharides... Disaccharides ... Polysaccharides
What do organic compounds always conta…
Carbon
What are the four types of macromolecu…
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
23 terms
bio test
allele
asexual reproduction
epogenetics
fertilization
One of a number of forms of a gene
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
The study of how enviromental factors like diet, stress and m…
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
allele
One of a number of forms of a gene
asexual reproduction
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
48 terms
Biology Ch2 - BIO 101
Strong chemical bonds due to the shari…
Electrons are transferred between two…
Polar covalent bond is created when
The unequal sharing of electrons betwe…
Covalent bonds
Ionic bonds
atoms within the bond do not have the same pull on the shared…
polar molecule
Strong chemical bonds due to the shari…
Covalent bonds
Electrons are transferred between two…
Ionic bonds
41 terms
Bio H: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Organization of Life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All living organisms are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is…
Chemical/Molecular Level... Organelle Level... Cellular Level... Tissu…
Cell type that has no organelle membranes, no nucleus, is a b…
Cell type with larger, complex, with nucleus, membrane bound…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is…
Organization of Life
Chemical/Molecular Level... Organelle Level... Cellular Level... Tissu…
48 terms
Biology Quest Bio Molecules
Glycosidic Bonds
Ester Linkage Bonds
Xylem
Phloem
Carbohydrate
Triglycerides
Veins in plants that carry water
Transports sugar through the plant
Glycosidic Bonds
Carbohydrate
Ester Linkage Bonds
Triglycerides
59 terms
Perry Biology - Human Bio
cell, tissue, organ, organ system, org…
specific
muscular, nervous, epithelial, connect…
muscular
list the levels of organization in the body from smallest to…
tissues are groups of cells that perform a _______ function.
list the 4 types of tissue
- type of tissue ... - the cells have to be able to contract... - b…
cell, tissue, organ, organ system, org…
list the levels of organization in the body from smallest to…
specific
tissues are groups of cells that perform a _______ function.
210 terms
Sr. Bio-Biology FINAL
__________ is to the cell as the muscl…
__________ system is to the multicellu…
__________ is to the cell as the nervo…
__________ is to the cell as the Integ…
microfilaments
urinary
nucleus
cell membrane
__________ is to the cell as the muscl…
microfilaments
__________ system is to the multicellu…
urinary
49 terms
Biology Honors-Bio Chemistry
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Heat vs. Temperature
the tendency for molecules to stick together
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is the stretch or break the sur…
the amount of energy associated with the movement of atoms an…
Cohesion
the tendency for molecules to stick together
Adhesion
the clinging of one substance to another
66 terms
BIO: Molecular Biology
define molecular biology:
WHY is life based on carbons?
describe and give example of: CARBOHYD…
describe and give examples of LIPIDS:
a branch of biology that deals with the structures and functi…
carbon atoms have FOUR valence electrons = form STRONG covale…
neutral substances that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen. ... ex…
broad class of molecules that are INSOLUBLE in water ... ex: wax…
define molecular biology:
a branch of biology that deals with the structures and functi…
WHY is life based on carbons?
carbon atoms have FOUR valence electrons = form STRONG covale…
39 terms
Bio- Chemistry in Biology Vocab
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles
neutrally charged particles
atom
building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
19 terms
Bio Chapter 1 Science of Biology
homeostasis
inference
science
stimulus
relatively constant internal physical and chemical conditions…
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
signal to which an organism responds
homeostasis
relatively constant internal physical and chemical conditions…
inference
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
58 terms
Bio 1B - Plant Biology
animals
zoology
plants
botany
can move about; have sensory and perceptive capability
science focused on animals
every other living thing; have bodies, nutritive, and reprodu…
science focused on plants
animals
can move about; have sensory and perceptive capability
zoology
science focused on animals
17 terms
Bio 20 Cell Biology and Mitosis
Active transport
Osmosis
Cytosol
Phagocytosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulf…
Active transport
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
Osmosis
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
50 terms
Bio-105: Molecular Biology
Incomplete Dominance
Co-Dominance
Type A
Type B
Phenotype of heterozygote is mix of two homozygotes... (Red+Whit…
Having more than one dominant allele that is expressed simult…
Blood type that adds galactosomine
Blood type that adds galactose
Incomplete Dominance
Phenotype of heterozygote is mix of two homozygotes... (Red+Whit…
Co-Dominance
Having more than one dominant allele that is expressed simult…
70 terms
Molecular Biology and Bio Engineering (Genetics) - AP Bio
Pedigree
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Transcription
Hershey and Chase
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
Process by which DNA makes RNA. 3 Stages- Initiation (RNA pol…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Pedigree
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
63 terms
Biology Bio chemistry Test
amino group, carboxyl group, and r sid…
shape
nucleotide
fatty acid
what are the 3 groups all proteins have
what determines the function of an amino acid
What is the monomer of a nucleic acid
what is the monomer of a lipid
amino group, carboxyl group, and r sid…
what are the 3 groups all proteins have
shape
what determines the function of an amino acid
45 terms
Honors Biology: Bio-molecules
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Why is water a polar molecule?
Weak attractions
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
The oxygen atom is more negatively charged because the electr…
are formed between oxygen and hydrogen atoms
Covalent bonds
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
Hydrogen bonds
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
30 terms
[Bio 3] The Chemistry of Biology
Element
Atom
Subatomic particle
Proton
Definition: A substance that cannot be broken down (into anot…
Definition: The smallest unit of an element (that is still th…
Types:... 1. Proton... 2. Neutron... 3. Electron
Definition: A subatomic particle that has a positive charge a…
Element
Definition: A substance that cannot be broken down (into anot…
Atom
Definition: The smallest unit of an element (that is still th…
150 terms
Biology Final BIO 301L
Explain the energy levels of a three s…
What analogy pertains to energy levels…
Are covalent bonds weak or strong?
Define covalent bonds:
First shell (lowest energy level)... Second shell (higher energy…
Stair anaolgy - gains energy as it goes down stairs / absorbs…
strong
the SHARING of valence electrons... ex: H2 molecule
Explain the energy levels of a three s…
First shell (lowest energy level)... Second shell (higher energy…
What analogy pertains to energy levels…
Stair anaolgy - gains energy as it goes down stairs / absorbs…
33 terms
IB Biology Molecular bio practice
4 most occurring elements in nature
Other essential elements
Use of sulfur:
Use of calcium:
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
In proteins (amino acids)
For muscles
4 most occurring elements in nature
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Other essential elements
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
30 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Bio-chem
Which of the following makes up a mole…
What type of electron is available to…
A monosaccharide is a
The nucleus is made of
two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen
valence
carbohydrate.
protons and neutrons.
Which of the following makes up a mole…
two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen
What type of electron is available to…
valence
61 terms
biology bio
What are the two types of cell divisio…
meiosis produces ..
Mitosis produces
What are the sex cells in human called
meiosis and mitosis
four, haploid that are genetically different to the parent cell
two identical daughter cells from a parent
eggs and sperms
What are the two types of cell divisio…
meiosis and mitosis
meiosis produces ..
four, haploid that are genetically different to the parent cell
76 terms
General Biology Chapter 2, Biology Chapter 2, Bio Test 2
What are atoms and elements?
What are elements?
What is the difference between atoms a…
List and describe the three subatomic…
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
an element will stay an element until the tiny pieces can no…
Protons: particles that have a positive electrical charge.... Ne…
What are atoms and elements?
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
What are elements?
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
13 terms
AP Bio Conservation Biology
Explain the three levels of biodiversi…
Name and give an example of the five b…
Anthropocene
Anthropogenic
1. Genetic Variability (lots of different features w/in a spe…
1. Economic value : hunting, tourists, trees purifying water…
Idea that humans govern the earth
caused by human activity. Ex: pollution is anthropogenic degr…
Explain the three levels of biodiversi…
1. Genetic Variability (lots of different features w/in a spe…
Name and give an example of the five b…
1. Economic value : hunting, tourists, trees purifying water…
54 terms
Principles of Biology Taxonomy and Bio
taxonomy
1.8
Carl von Linne... once ... Multiple
Bacteria ... Archaea... Eukarya
- the study of naming things
_______ million extant (existing today) we've only named and…
________ ______ ________(carles linnaes) - 18th century Swedi…
The three domains
taxonomy
- the study of naming things
1.8
_______ million extant (existing today) we've only named and…
56 terms
bio 156 Intro to Biology
What is organic chemistry?
What are organic molecules
what is inorganic chemistry?
What is unique about a carbon atom?
the study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
These are compounds found in cells that contain carbon and hy…
the study of non-living things...does not contain carbon
due to the unique property of catenation and tetravalency. ... c…
What is organic chemistry?
the study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
What are organic molecules
These are compounds found in cells that contain carbon and hy…
56 terms
BIO Unit 1 Introduction to Biology - Vocabulary
autotrophic
heterotrophic
unicellular (single-celled)
multi-cellular
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or chemicals to make…
Organisms that obtain energy from food it eats/has to eat oth…
Made up of only one cell.
Made up of two or more cells.
autotrophic
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or chemicals to make…
heterotrophic
Organisms that obtain energy from food it eats/has to eat oth…
54 terms
BIO5_ molecular biology
DNA Structure- general overview of DNA…
DNA Structure- structure of nucleotide…
DNA Structure- features of the structure
DNA Structure- DNA packing (overview)…
1. DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid... 2. monomers: nucleotide/nucleo…
(1) ribose: monosaccarides... A) 1' carbon binds to nitrogeno…
1. Watson and crick model: states that DNA is a right handed…
*(1) genome: genetic information of organism ... (2) eukaryotic…
DNA Structure- general overview of DNA…
1. DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid... 2. monomers: nucleotide/nucleo…
DNA Structure- structure of nucleotide…
(1) ribose: monosaccarides... A) 1' carbon binds to nitrogeno…
26 terms
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
15 terms
bio final: Molecular Biology
What is a nucleotide? How do DNA and R…
Draw a short piece of DNA (7-8 base pa…
Draw a short piece of RNA, using R and…
What is a nucleosome? Describe the com…
The basic building blocks of nucleic acid. DNA has long polym…
DNA must be bundled to fit inside the nucleus. The smallest D…
What is a nucleotide? How do DNA and R…
The basic building blocks of nucleic acid. DNA has long polym…
Draw a short piece of DNA (7-8 base pa…
49 terms
Bio Lab Forensic Biology
What is forensic evidence?
What is polymerase chain reaction? (PCR)
What happens to DNA after it is amplif…
What do the restriction enzymes do?
Any object or material that may connect an offender to a crime
Takes tiny sample of DNA, makes billions of copies, can test…
Subjected to restriction enzyme digest, where hundreds of res…
Act as a chemical scalpel that cut DNA into fragments
What is forensic evidence?
Any object or material that may connect an offender to a crime
What is polymerase chain reaction? (PCR)
Takes tiny sample of DNA, makes billions of copies, can test…
44 terms
Mo Biology Chemistry for H Bio
atoms
elements
compounds
molecules
What is the basic unit of matter?
What are substances that cannot be broken into simpler types…
What is the name of 2 or more different elements chemically c…
What are groups of two or more atoms held together by chemica…
atoms
What is the basic unit of matter?
elements
What are substances that cannot be broken into simpler types…
37 terms
LZHS Bio I Ch 6 Chemistry in Biology Test Review
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
Negatively charged sub atomic particle; located outside the a…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom; organized…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
145 terms
Bio 2: Unit 4: Developmental Biology
Gene regulation
DNA
chromatin
supercoils
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
All cells have the same _______ but different parts of it are…
Substance found in chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly c…
(7) nucleosomes then pack together with each other to form a…
Gene regulation
ability of an organism to control which genes are transcribed…
DNA
All cells have the same _______ but different parts of it are…
13 terms
Ch 2 Bio What is Science (Biology)
quantitative data
qualitative data
model
science
information collected using numbers (ex. height, weight, etc.)
information collected that is descriptive (ex. stripes, wrink…
a drawing, design or computer program to explain a confusing…
learning about the natural world
quantitative data
information collected using numbers (ex. height, weight, etc.)
qualitative data
information collected that is descriptive (ex. stripes, wrink…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
54 terms
Biology Chapter 12- Molecular Bio
Where Genes are located
Fredrick Griffith's experiment
Transformation
Avery, McCarty, and MacLeod
On chromosomes
Performed in 1928; 2 strains of bacteria, virulent "S" strain…
A change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of For…
Found that only DNA worked in the transforming of harmless ba…
Where Genes are located
On chromosomes
Fredrick Griffith's experiment
Performed in 1928; 2 strains of bacteria, virulent "S" strain…
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