Study sets matching "bio h"

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Study sets matching "bio h"

25 terms
Biology H
Control group
Experimental group
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Experience is normal or natural conditions
Test group
Manipulated on purpose
Results, depends on independent variable
Control group
Experience is normal or natural conditions
Experimental group
Test group
56 terms
Biology II H Midterm
prokaryotes, 3.5
spontaneous generation does not occur…
through mutations or changes in the ex…
how genes are expressed during develop…
The earliest discovered fossils are of __ dating back to ___…
The findings of Pasteur have established that
According to "evo-devo" thinking, an organisms's body form ca…
The main genetic difference between humans and chimps is
prokaryotes, 3.5
The earliest discovered fossils are of __ dating back to ___…
spontaneous generation does not occur…
The findings of Pasteur have established that
77 terms
Biology Test - Biology (H)
atoms
nucleus
electron
isotope
basic unit of matter
a center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons;…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic number
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
atoms
basic unit of matter
nucleus
a center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons;…
46 terms
Biology H
Marsupial
Monotreme
Zygote
Blastula
has pouch
egg laying mammals
fertilized egg
early stage of development where it is a hollow ball of cells
Marsupial
has pouch
Monotreme
egg laying mammals
H. Biology -- Chapter 1
Biology
biosphere
controlled experiment
discovery science
The scientific study of life
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with…
The process of scientific inquiry that focuses on using obser…
Biology
The scientific study of life
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
H. Biology
Symbiosis
Predation
Parasitism
Commensalism
Interaction between 2 different species which live in direct…
1 organism hunting another for food
1 benefits the other is harmed
1 benefits the other isn't affected
Symbiosis
Interaction between 2 different species which live in direct…
Predation
1 organism hunting another for food
35 terms
Biology H
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Regulation
Synthesis
All biochemical reactions that make and use energy
The ability of living things to maintain a constant internal…
Response to stimuli... Works to maintain homeostasis... Usually don…
To make materials necessary for survival... All organism make AT…
Metabolism
All biochemical reactions that make and use energy
Homeostasis
The ability of living things to maintain a constant internal…
10 terms
Biology Water and pH
polar
4
cohesion
adhesion
Water is a _____________ molecule
Water can form _____ bonds at one time
attraction between molecules of the same substance... Example :…
attraction between molecules of a different substance... Example…
polar
Water is a _____________ molecule
4
Water can form _____ bonds at one time
Biology h
Ecology
Environmentalism
Ecologists
Biosphere
The study of the relationships among living organisms and the…
Concern with or advocacy of protecting the environment; not a…
Scientists that study ecology
The portion of the earth that supports life
Ecology
The study of the relationships among living organisms and the…
Environmentalism
Concern with or advocacy of protecting the environment; not a…
32 terms
H Biology: Cells
Cell Membrane
Label Animal Cell
Plant V Animal cell
Prokaryiotic Cell
Both-Allows some substances to pass through while keeping oth…
Cell Membrane
Both-Allows some substances to pass through while keeping oth…
Label Animal Cell
32 terms
Biology H
Organic
Inorganic
Functional groups
Small organic molecules
Describes molecules that have a carbon skeleton bonded to som…
Molecules that are far less diverse and generally far simpler…
Groups of atoms that help determine the characteristics and c…
____ are joined together to form longer molecules
Organic
Describes molecules that have a carbon skeleton bonded to som…
Inorganic
Molecules that are far less diverse and generally far simpler…
H Biology
Biochemistry
Organic compound/Biomolecule/Macromole…
Polymer
Monomer
The study of the chemical reactions in living things.
Any compound that contains carbon.
Large molecule that consists of many monomers linked together.
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
Biochemistry
The study of the chemical reactions in living things.
Organic compound/Biomolecule/Macromole…
Any compound that contains carbon.
Biology H
Ungulate
extirpated
denuded
resurgence
a hoofed mammal
root out and destroy completely
strip something of its covering possessions or assets
an increase or revival after a period of little activity, pop…
Ungulate
a hoofed mammal
extirpated
root out and destroy completely
15 terms
H- Biology
Science
Facts
Spontaneous generation
Truth is what "we" believe
A body of facts that man has gathered by observing the physic…
Potentially flawed
Life comes from non-living matter
We live in the land of opportunity
Science
A body of facts that man has gathered by observing the physic…
Facts
Potentially flawed
88 terms
H. Biology Final
Each organism has a unique combination…
The primary function of DNA is to ... a.…
All of the following are true about th…
Molecules of DNA are composed of long…
d. DNA
b. store and transmit genetic information
a. short strands of DNA are contained in chromosomes inside t…
d. nucleotides
Each organism has a unique combination…
d. DNA
The primary function of DNA is to ... a.…
b. store and transmit genetic information
23 terms
DNA Review - Biology H
DNA
base pairing
double helix
telomere
deoxyribonucleic acid; genetic material that organisms inheri…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent anti pa…
repetitive DNA at the end of a eukaryotic chromosome
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; genetic material that organisms inheri…
base pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Biology H, Chapter 7
cellular respiration
anerobic
pyruvic acid
NADH
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Without oxygen
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
An energy-carrying coenzyme produced by glycolysis and the Kr…
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
anerobic
Without oxygen
43 terms
H Biology Chapter 3
biological molecules
organic
hydrocarbons
functional groups
organic
molecules with bonds between carbon and hydrogen
-polar and hydrophobic... -arrangements of carbons forms a "carb…
-clusters of atoms (at least 2) that can be covalently bonded…
biological molecules
organic
organic
molecules with bonds between carbon and hydrogen
45 terms
Biology H
Biology
Orginization
cell
unicellular
The study of life
make order of thoughts/experiences... All organisms exhibit a co…
Basic unit of life
Made of a single cell
Biology
The study of life
Orginization
make order of thoughts/experiences... All organisms exhibit a co…
Biology H: Classification
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
scientific name
Linnaeus's Seven Category Classificati…
putting organisms into groups with other similar organisms
giving each organism a universally accepted scientific name
1st name represents the Genus (always capitalized) 2nd name r…
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
taxonomy
putting organisms into groups with other similar organisms
binomial nomenclature
giving each organism a universally accepted scientific name
6 terms
Biology H
Spieces
Biology
Organism
Cell
Group of similar organisms produce, offspring organisms ... oror…
Scientific study of all forms of life
Any individual living thing
Basic unit of life
Spieces
Group of similar organisms produce, offspring organisms ... oror…
Biology
Scientific study of all forms of life
13 terms
BIOLOGY H
Vestigial structure
Mimicry
Embryo
Camouflage
Structures that are reduced forms of functional structures in…
Adaptation of one species to resemble another sepcies
An early pre-birth stage of an organism's development
When species have evolved morphological adaptions that allow…
Vestigial structure
Structures that are reduced forms of functional structures in…
Mimicry
Adaptation of one species to resemble another sepcies
22 terms
Biology H
Conpound light microscope
Transmission microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Homeostasis
Study small specimens
Student dead specimens
3-D microscope
All living things maintain a stable internal environment (bir…
Conpound light microscope
Study small specimens
Transmission microscope
Student dead specimens
Biology H
Ecology
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
Habitat
Putting it all together- study of interactions between creatu…
All plants and animals living in an area... (Pertaining to life)
Soil, rock, temperature, moisture, sunlight
Address (where you live)
Ecology
Putting it all together- study of interactions between creatu…
Biotic factors
All plants and animals living in an area... (Pertaining to life)
H Biology
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ererere
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78 terms
Biology H
Same mass
Neutrons
Nucleus
Electron
Protons & neutrons
-Neutral
Protons and neutrons bonded by a strong force
-A negatively charged particle... - attracted to a positively ch…
Same mass
Protons & neutrons
Neutrons
-Neutral
28 terms
Biology H
Biosphere
biodiversity
Species
Biology
all organisms and the part of earth where they exist
ariety of life within an area
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
scientific study of all forms of life
Biosphere
all organisms and the part of earth where they exist
biodiversity
ariety of life within an area
28 terms
Biology H
Smog/Particulates
Greenhouse Effect
Global Climate Change
Introduced Species
Air pollution in which gases released from burning fossil fue…
Normal warming effect produced when gases, such as carbon dio…
Worldwide trend of increasing average temperature
Species that are not native and was brought to an area as a r…
Smog/Particulates
Air pollution in which gases released from burning fossil fue…
Greenhouse Effect
Normal warming effect produced when gases, such as carbon dio…
biology h
a substance that dissolves in another…
ATP contains _____ phosphate groups
A Redox Reaction is when a _______ rea…
Water is "sticky" because _______ bonds
solvent
phosphorus and oxygen atoms
oxidation and reduction reaction
hydrogen
a substance that dissolves in another…
solvent
ATP contains _____ phosphate groups
phosphorus and oxygen atoms
12 terms
Biology H
Scientific Method
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
qualitative data
different steps in an experiment for example , 1. ask a quest…
what you're testing
what you're measuring
not numerical, usually subjective
Scientific Method
different steps in an experiment for example , 1. ask a quest…
Independent Variable
what you're testing
7 terms
Biology - H
Biology
Homeostasis
Species
Scientific Theory
The study of life
Maintenance of constant internal conditions- water, temp., pH…
A group of organisms so similar that they are able to breed a…
Explains a wide range of observations and experimental result…
Biology
The study of life
Homeostasis
Maintenance of constant internal conditions- water, temp., pH…
BIOLOGY H
CONCENTRATION GRADIENT
TYPES OF TRANSPORT
DIFFUSION
OSMOSIS
THE DIFFERENCE IN THE CONCENTRATION OF MOLECULES ACROSS A SPACE
ACTIVE AND PASSIVE
PASSIVE
PASSIVE
CONCENTRATION GRADIENT
THE DIFFERENCE IN THE CONCENTRATION OF MOLECULES ACROSS A SPACE
TYPES OF TRANSPORT
ACTIVE AND PASSIVE
21 terms
Biology H
Abiotic
Biotic
Carrying Capacity
Competition
Physical rather than biological; Not derived from living
Of, relating to, or resulting from living things, especially…
The number or quantity of people or things that can be convey…
Interaction between organisms or species in which the fitness…
Abiotic
Physical rather than biological; Not derived from living
Biotic
Of, relating to, or resulting from living things, especially…
42 terms
H Biology
Organic molecule
Water molecule
Polarity
Universal Solvent
The molecules of life that are built around long chains of ca…
The smallest unit that is water. Contains 2 atoms of hydrogen…
The state of having opposite poles or being polar
Water is the universal solvent because it dissolves more subs…
Organic molecule
The molecules of life that are built around long chains of ca…
Water molecule
The smallest unit that is water. Contains 2 atoms of hydrogen…
70 terms
Biology H
habitat
habituation
half-life
haploid cell
[L. habitare, to live in]... The place in which individuals of a…
[L. habitus, condition]... A simple kind of learning involving a…
The average time required for the disappearance or decay of o…
[Gk. haploos, single + ploion, vessel]... A cell containing only…
habitat
[L. habitare, to live in]... The place in which individuals of a…
habituation
[L. habitus, condition]... A simple kind of learning involving a…
Biology H
Organic compund
functional groups
monomers
polymer
made of carbon compounds
influence the characteristics of the molecules they compose &…
many carbons compounds are built up from smaller simpler mole…
is a molecule that consist of repeated linked units
Organic compund
made of carbon compounds
functional groups
influence the characteristics of the molecules they compose &…
H. Biology Test 1
evidence
data
theory
characteristics of lliving things
the available body of facts or information indicating whether…
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain someth…
reproduce, need energy,use energy, etc.
evidence
the available body of facts or information indicating whether…
data
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
368 terms
H/ biology
What is an endoplastic reticulum
what is the ER responsible for
What is the ribosome responsible for
What is the monomer for carbohydrates,…
The ER is an interconnected network of thin, folded membranes
assists in the production, processing, and transportation of…
It's responsible for producing proteins or protein synthesis
•Carbohydrates = monosaccharides... •Proteins = amino acids... •Lip…
What is an endoplastic reticulum
The ER is an interconnected network of thin, folded membranes
what is the ER responsible for
assists in the production, processing, and transportation of…
H Biology
They are distal to the hip and shoulde…
Skeletal system
Brain and spinal cord
Equal left and right halves
Which of these is correct about the relationship between the…
The system which is used for protection, blood formation and…
The dorsal body cavity contains the __________
A midsagittal plane divides the body into ________
They are distal to the hip and shoulde…
Which of these is correct about the relationship between the…
Skeletal system
The system which is used for protection, blood formation and…
10 terms
Biology H
UAG, UAA, UGA
Codon
Missense mutation
Nonsense mutation
Stop codons
Sequence of 3 nucleotide words
Base-pair substitution inside gene that changes a codon-new c…
Changes an amino acid codon to a stop codon-results in shorte…
UAG, UAA, UGA
Stop codons
Codon
Sequence of 3 nucleotide words
biology H
science
observation
data
inference
the body of knowledge that scientists have built up over many…
the beginning of scientific thought; process of gathering inf…
the information gathered from observations
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
science
the body of knowledge that scientists have built up over many…
observation
the beginning of scientific thought; process of gathering inf…
Biology H
Carl Linneaus
Aristotle
3 shapes of bacteria
Viral Reproduction
Formed classification system
First classification system (Air, Land, Water)
cOcci, SPIRILla, baciLLi
Lytic (Kills immediately) Lysogenic (Reproduces then goes int…
Carl Linneaus
Formed classification system
Aristotle
First classification system (Air, Land, Water)
41 terms
Biology H
chromosome
chromatid
centromere
karyotype
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
a micrograph of the array of chromosomes visible in a cell du…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
chromatid
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
Biology H
Abiotic
Biotic
Carrying Capacity
Competition
Non-Living
Living
the maximum population size of the species that the environme…
relationship between members of the same or different species…
Abiotic
Non-Living
Biotic
Living
21 terms
H Biology
cell
unicellular
biology
response
the smallest self-contained unit of life
made of only one cell
the study of life
a reaction to a stimulis
cell
the smallest self-contained unit of life
unicellular
made of only one cell
biology H
Phospholipids
diffsuion
passive transport
osmosis
substance that gives plasma membrane its fluidity ... A molecule…
movement of molecules from a higher concentration area to a l…
Requires NO energy, moves with concentration gradient
diffusion of water
Phospholipids
substance that gives plasma membrane its fluidity ... A molecule…
diffsuion
movement of molecules from a higher concentration area to a l…
15 terms
Biology h
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Ribosome
Both... Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
Animal... Contains all organelles and cell parts
Both... A vesicles for temporary storage of materials
Both... The site of protein synthesis
Cell membrane
Both... Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
Cytoplasm
Animal... Contains all organelles and cell parts
Biology (H)
Biology
Characteristics of life
Characteristics of life
Characteristics of life
The study of life
Living things consist of one or more cell
Living things as a group must change over time
Living things must reproduce
Biology
The study of life
Characteristics of life
Living things consist of one or more cell
(H) Biology
gemelo
hermanastro
bisabuelo
padrastro
twin
step sibling
great grandfather
step-father
gemelo
twin
hermanastro
step sibling
Biology H
Inputs of light reactions
Outputs of light reactions
Inputs of Calvin Cycle
Outputs of Calvin Cycle
1. Water... 2. light... 3. ADP+P... 4. e-carrier (NADP+)
1. O2... 2. ATP... 3. e-carrier (NADPH)
1. ATP... 2.CO2... 3. e-carrier (NADPH)
1. Glucose (C6H12O6)... 2. e-carrier (NADP+)... 3. ADP+P
Inputs of light reactions
1. Water... 2. light... 3. ADP+P... 4. e-carrier (NADP+)
Outputs of light reactions
1. O2... 2. ATP... 3. e-carrier (NADPH)
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