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Study sets matching "bio ii cells biology"

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Study sets matching "bio ii cells biology"

bio 2 cell biology
the jobs of cells
cell membrane
vacuoles and vesicles
lysosomes
make energy, make proteins, make more cells
separates cell from outside.. phospholipid bilayer
move and store material.. membrane sac
digest food, clean up and recycle.. membrane sac of digested…
the jobs of cells
make energy, make proteins, make more cells
cell membrane
separates cell from outside.. phospholipid bilayer
22 terms
Bio #2: cell biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Phospholipid
Organelle
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles e…
Molecule that forms a double-layered cell membrane; consists…
Membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Prokaryote
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Eukaryote
organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles e…
30 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
cell
theory
membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
72 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
16 terms
Bio Lecture 2 - Cell Biology
Prokaryotic Characteristics
Flagellar Motor
Chemotaxis
Bacterial Pili
-Plasma membrane... - Some have cell wall (rigid peptidoglycan)…
Motor at base that causes it to spin. ... Counterclockwise rotat…
Swim to good things and away from bad things
Short thread-like structure from surface ... Help bacteria adher…
Prokaryotic Characteristics
-Plasma membrane... - Some have cell wall (rigid peptidoglycan)…
Flagellar Motor
Motor at base that causes it to spin. ... Counterclockwise rotat…
72 terms
Bio Final => Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
23 terms
Cell and Tissue Biology: Cell Bio 2
Multidrug Resistant Transporters (ATPa…
CFTR Chloride channel
Lactose Intolerance
Linker proteins
-MDR-1: Overexpression of this protein causes cancer cells to…
*cystic fibrosis causes blockage of this channel... Regulates:... 1…
Problem with digestive enzyme on epithelial cells of small in…
-Link plasma membrane to cytoskeleton... -structural support
Multidrug Resistant Transporters (ATPa…
-MDR-1: Overexpression of this protein causes cancer cells to…
CFTR Chloride channel
*cystic fibrosis causes blockage of this channel... Regulates:... 1…
142 terms
Bio Midterm 2 (Cell Biology)
light microscopy
electron microscopy
Louis Pasteur
diffusion of cells
live or dead material; lower resolution; color
only dead material preferably dried; highest resolution; blac…
discovered that heating beer and wine was enough to kill most…
molecules more from higher concentration to lower concentrati…
light microscopy
live or dead material; lower resolution; color
electron microscopy
only dead material preferably dried; highest resolution; blac…
58 terms
BIO 306: Cell Biology Exam 2
why is a small intermembrane space ide…
Draw Linear Electron Transport Chain
What is the ultimate acceptor of elect…
what do UQ and cytochrome C do?
it helps create a large proton concentration, which in turns…
(make sure to include complexes (photosystems in plants)) , p…
oxygen
help pass electrons to the complexes
why is a small intermembrane space ide…
it helps create a large proton concentration, which in turns…
Draw Linear Electron Transport Chain
(make sure to include complexes (photosystems in plants)) , p…
31 terms
Bio 201 - Cells and Biology (Exam 2)
nitrogenous base pairs
nucleotide
Purines
Pyrimidines
Adenine and Thymine... Cytosine and Guanine
a unit (monomer) of DNA that consists of one sugar (deoxyribo…
Adenine and Guanine
Cytosine and Thymine
nitrogenous base pairs
Adenine and Thymine... Cytosine and Guanine
nucleotide
a unit (monomer) of DNA that consists of one sugar (deoxyribo…
41 terms
Bio H: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Organization of Life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All living organisms are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is…
Chemical/Molecular Level... Organelle Level... Cellular Level... Tissu…
Cell type that has no organelle membranes, no nucleus, is a b…
Cell type with larger, complex, with nucleus, membrane bound…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is…
Organization of Life
Chemical/Molecular Level... Organelle Level... Cellular Level... Tissu…
8 terms
Bio 286 Cell Biology Chapter 2 Panel
Aldehyde
ketone
glyceraldehyde
carboxyl
Aldehyde
ketone
Cell Bio (Biology & Molecules) Chapters 1 & 2
Atom
Molecule
Cell
Organism
the building block of all things
group of atoms that are bonded together
basic unit of life
one or more cells
Atom
the building block of all things
Molecule
group of atoms that are bonded together
197 terms
BIO 203 Cell Biology Exam 2
A transmembrane protein has the follow…
Explain as precisely as you can but in…
When an inhibitory neurotransmitter su…
True or False? Explain.... A. The plasma…
A. The properties define a transporter acting as a symport.... B…
When the resting membrane potential of an axon (inside negati…
The driving force for the influx of Cl- across the membrane i…
False. The plasma membrane contains transport proteins that c…
A transmembrane protein has the follow…
A. The properties define a transporter acting as a symport.... B…
Explain as precisely as you can but in…
When the resting membrane potential of an axon (inside negati…
102 terms
Bio350: Cell Biology Exam 2
What signal sequence is needed to stay…
What signal sequence is needed to go i…
What comes after the ER signal peptide?
What 2 signals are in the ER after the…
No ER signal = complete the protein in the cytosol
ER Signal Peptide... ER retention signal / KDEL (most commonly k…
2 signals: membrane... or ... soluble
signal anchor sequence... and... stop transfer sequence
What signal sequence is needed to stay…
No ER signal = complete the protein in the cytosol
What signal sequence is needed to go i…
ER Signal Peptide... ER retention signal / KDEL (most commonly k…
17 terms
Bio 20 Cell Biology and Mitosis
Active transport
Osmosis
Cytosol
Phagocytosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulf…
Active transport
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
Osmosis
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
47 terms
BIO 2250: Cell Biology Exam 2
Goldman Equation
Nernst Equation
Lipid Anchored Protein
Peripheral Proteins
Utilize when multiple ions are responsible for the membrane p…
Utilize when one ions is responsible for the membrane potential
Cleaved using phospholipase
"Bump" it off the membrane (competition)
Goldman Equation
Utilize when multiple ions are responsible for the membrane p…
Nernst Equation
Utilize when one ions is responsible for the membrane potential
51 terms
Cell Biology BIO 203 Quiz 2
Water molecules are said "to reorganiz…
Five students in your class always sit…
It seems paradoxical that a lipid bila…
Explain why the polypeptide chain of m…
Water is a liquid, and thus hydrogen bonds between water mole…
(B) is the correct analogy for lipid bilayer assembly because…
The fluidity of the bilayer is strictly confined to one plane…
In both an alpha-helix and a beta-barrel the polar peptide bo…
Water molecules are said "to reorganiz…
Water is a liquid, and thus hydrogen bonds between water mole…
Five students in your class always sit…
(B) is the correct analogy for lipid bilayer assembly because…
30 terms
SL BIO Unit #2 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Jansen
Leeuwenhoek
Hooke
-all organisms are composed of one or more cells... -all cells…
invented the first compound microscope
"Father of Microbiology",... "animalcules"
Discovered the cellular structure of a cork, introduced the t…
Cell Theory
-all organisms are composed of one or more cells... -all cells…
Jansen
invented the first compound microscope
98 terms
BIO: Cell Biology
life functions
paramecium life functions
Scenedesmus (autotroph) life functions
cytosome
metabolism ... reproduction... sensitivity ... homeostasis ... excretion…
M- food contained in small vacuoles with digestive enzymes... R-…
M- photosynthesis... R-internal sexual division... S- may form colo…
specialised membranous feeding groove#
life functions
metabolism ... reproduction... sensitivity ... homeostasis ... excretion…
paramecium life functions
M- food contained in small vacuoles with digestive enzymes... R-…
75 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: Cell Biology
cytoplasm
cytosol
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
the interior of a cell
a semifluid substance inside all cells in which organelles ar…
DNA is found in the nucleus, larger than prokaryotic... endoplas…
DNA is concentrated in the nucleoid... Bacteria, and Archaea... No…
cytoplasm
the interior of a cell
cytosol
a semifluid substance inside all cells in which organelles ar…
45 terms
phy bio Unit 2: cell biology
ionic bond
ions
atom gains electrons
atom loses electrons
formed when one or more electrons are transfered from one ato…
positively and negatively charged atoms
(-) charge
(+) charge
ionic bond
formed when one or more electrons are transfered from one ato…
ions
positively and negatively charged atoms
9 terms
BIO 320 Cell Biology Lecture 2
Western blotting
Breaking cells & tissues
Differential centrifugation
Immunoprecipitation
method of detecting proteins of interest by soaking nitrocell…
1 Break cells with high-frequency sound (ultrasound)... 2 Use a…
...
...
Western blotting
method of detecting proteins of interest by soaking nitrocell…
Breaking cells & tissues
1 Break cells with high-frequency sound (ultrasound)... 2 Use a…
32 terms
Bio 12 Cell Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Membrane bound organelle that contains chromosomes and can co…
Dark-staining, spherical body in the nucleus that produces ri…
Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus and is continuos w…
Opening in the nuclear envelope which permits the passage of…
Nucleus
Membrane bound organelle that contains chromosomes and can co…
Nucleolus
Dark-staining, spherical body in the nucleus that produces ri…
51 terms
Cell Biology (BIO)
Acid
Adenine
ADP
Amino Acid
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
One of four nitrogen-containing bases in nucleotides composin…
Adenosine Diphosphate. Nucleotide with two phosphate groups t…
The building blocks of proteins (monomers)
Acid
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Adenine
One of four nitrogen-containing bases in nucleotides composin…
47 terms
AP Bio Unit 2: Cell Biology
to optimize surface area to volume rat…
plasma membrane
cytosol
cytoplasm
why are cells small?
selective barrier that allows passage of nutrients (SA)
semifluid, jellylike substance in all cells
interior of any cell/ internal space that cytosol takes up
to optimize surface area to volume rat…
why are cells small?
plasma membrane
selective barrier that allows passage of nutrients (SA)
40 terms
Strand 2: Cell Biology
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
eukaryotic cell
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
13 terms
BIO 264 Cell biology
Large numbers of ribosomes are present…
Which would be the most accurate endom…
This organelle is responsible for the…
Following a meal, glucose must move fr…
proteins
rough endoplasmic reticulum→ Golgi apparatus→vesicles →plasma…
lysosome
facilitated diffusion
Large numbers of ribosomes are present…
proteins
Which would be the most accurate endom…
rough endoplasmic reticulum→ Golgi apparatus→vesicles →plasma…
22 terms
Cell Biology BIO 151
What did Robert Hooke contribute to th…
What did Matthais Schleiden contribute…
What did Theodor Schwann contribute to…
What did Rudolf Virchow contribute to…
named cells
concluded that all plants are made up of cells
concluded that all animals are made up of cells
all cells come from preexisting cells
What did Robert Hooke contribute to th…
named cells
What did Matthais Schleiden contribute…
concluded that all plants are made up of cells
164 terms
BIO341: Cell Biology
All cells...
What is the same in prokaryotes and eu…
What is the importance of organelles?
Function of: nucleus, mitochondria, ER…
1) Have DNA... 2) Are surrounded by a membrane... 3) Have similar c…
Both = membrane bound cell, DNA, similar metabolic processes…
organelles allow for the specialization of tasks, greater eff…
Nucleus = hold DNA... Mitochondria = generates energy for the ce…
All cells...
1) Have DNA... 2) Are surrounded by a membrane... 3) Have similar c…
What is the same in prokaryotes and eu…
Both = membrane bound cell, DNA, similar metabolic processes…
42 terms
Rad Bio - Wk 2: Human Cell Biology
The _____ is the basic functional unit…
The human body is composed of about 80…
The _____ in the body provide fuel for…
The endocrine glands produce _____... A)…
B) Cell
D) Water
C) Carbohydrates
A) Hormones
The _____ is the basic functional unit…
B) Cell
The human body is composed of about 80…
D) Water
2.) Cell Biology and Cell Transport
P(rokaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Fungi have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Animals have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
P(rokaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
E(ukaryotic)
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
41 terms
Cell Biology - AP Bio
What is the most fundamental differenc…
What does Domain mean?
What is endosymbiosis?
What is nuclear DNA?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Notion that one bacteria engulfed another bacteria; leads to…
Nucleic acid in nucleus of eukaryotic cells; double helix form
What is the most fundamental differenc…
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
What does Domain mean?
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
37 terms
Unit 1: Intro to Biology & Unit 2: Cell Parts (Bio Final)
5 characteristics of life
organization
reproduction
growth/development
organization, ability to reproduce, grow/ develop, respond to…
organism is made up of one or more cells that contain DNA to…
the ability of an organism to continue to produce offspring f…
increase in amount of living material and formation of new st…
5 characteristics of life
organization, ability to reproduce, grow/ develop, respond to…
organization
organism is made up of one or more cells that contain DNA to…
43 terms
BIO Unit 3: Cell Biology
Cells
cell theory
composite cell
Types of cells
the simplest collection of matter that can live, basic unit o…
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
a "universal" cell or a "model" cell, includes all known cell…
prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells
Cells
the simplest collection of matter that can live, basic unit o…
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
197 terms
Bio 1010 quiz 2, cell biology
Continental drift
plate tectonics
Mass extinction
Ordovician
movement of the Earth's crust by plate tectonics resulting in…
earth's crust is fragmented into slab-like plates that float…
the disappearance of a large number of species or higher taxo…
(443 mya) continental drift
Continental drift
movement of the Earth's crust by plate tectonics resulting in…
plate tectonics
earth's crust is fragmented into slab-like plates that float…
43 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
chromosomes
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape o…
carry genetic information
nucleus
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
nuclear envelope
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
40 terms
IB biology: cell bio
7 functions of life
cell theory
Hooke
vanLeewenhoek
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
looked at cork under microscope, he named and discovered cells
father of microscopy, first to observe and describe single ce…
7 functions of life
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cell theory
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
19 terms
SL Bio Cell Biology
1st core idea of cell theory
2nd core idea of cell theory
3rd core idea of cell theory
hereditary information
all organisms are composed of one or more cells
the cell is the basic unit of life
all cells are produced by the division of preexisting cells.
DNA
1st core idea of cell theory
all organisms are composed of one or more cells
2nd core idea of cell theory
the cell is the basic unit of life
251 terms
Cell & Molecular Biology, Bio 3050, Petcoff, Exam 2
Enzyme catalysis
Activation energy (Ea)
Transition state
Catalyst, 3 properties
involvement of an organic molecule, usually a protein but in…
energy required to activate a chemical reaction
intermediate stage in a chemical reaction, of higher free ene…
1. a catalyst increases the rate of a reaction by lowering th…
Enzyme catalysis
involvement of an organic molecule, usually a protein but in…
Activation energy (Ea)
energy required to activate a chemical reaction
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
63 terms
Bio12 Cell Biology
acid
carboxyl group
adenine
adenosine triphosphate(ATP)
酸 n.
羧基 n.
腺嘌呤 n.
三磷酸腺苷 n.
acid
酸 n.
carboxyl group
羧基 n.
47 terms
Bio Vocab - Cell Biology
light microscopy
confocal
electron microscopes (EMs)
scanning electron microscopes (SEMs)
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
specimen is stained with a dye that fluoresces, image is sect…
technology used to study subcellular structures
focus a beam of electrons onto the surface of a specimen, pro…
light microscopy
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
confocal
specimen is stained with a dye that fluoresces, image is sect…
34 terms
Bio 2 Chapter 7 Science Biology Cells Bryn
cell
plasma membrane
organelles
eukaryotic cells
the basic structural and functional unit of all living organi…
a special boundary that helps control what enters and leaves…
specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions
cells that contain a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all living organi…
plasma membrane
a special boundary that helps control what enters and leaves…
35 terms
Ap Bio cell biology
Cytology
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
study of the cell
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
a cell that lacks a true nucleus genetic material is held in…
a cell that has a true membrane-bound nucleus animal cells pl…
Cytology
study of the cell
Organelle
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
46 terms
DAT Biology: Cell bio
Cell theory
Organelles in cells
Kingdoms
two major types of cells
1. Living things are made of cells... 2. cells are units of life…
1. nucleus... 2. ribosomes... 3. ER... 4. Golgi... 5. vesicles... 6. vacuole…
1. archaea... 2. protista... 3. fungi... 4. plantae... 5. animalia
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Cell theory
1. Living things are made of cells... 2. cells are units of life…
Organelles in cells
1. nucleus... 2. ribosomes... 3. ER... 4. Golgi... 5. vesicles... 6. vacuole…
70 terms
PCAT Bio-Cell Biology
3 main components of the cell
Function of the cell membrane
Cholesterol keeps the cell membrane
Transmembrane proteins
membrane, cytoplasm, and organelles
holds in the internal contents and regulates what goes into a…
flexible
go all the way across the cell membrane
3 main components of the cell
membrane, cytoplasm, and organelles
Function of the cell membrane
holds in the internal contents and regulates what goes into a…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
35 terms
BIO106-CELL BIOLOGY
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
viruses
organelles small functions cytoplasm m…
.... the cells of protozoa, higher plants and animals are hig…
These cells are simple in structure, with no recognizable org…
.... are much smaller than cells. They have no metabolic acti…
Cells contain .... These are; very (Microscopic), perform var…
eukaryotic
.... the cells of protozoa, higher plants and animals are hig…
prokaryotic
These cells are simple in structure, with no recognizable org…
100 terms
Bio 201- Cell Biology
Ionic attractions
cations
anions
free ions
form when an atom gains or loses electrons for stability
positively charged ions
negatively charged ions
unstable on their own
Ionic attractions
form when an atom gains or loses electrons for stability
cations
positively charged ions
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