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Study sets matching "bio lab ii"

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Study sets matching "bio lab ii"

20 terms
Biology Sheep Lab 2
thought, memory, and behavior
language and touch
hearing, learning, and emotions
visual processing
frontal lobe is responsible for
parietal lobe is responsible for
temporal lobe is responsible for
occipital lobe is responsible for
thought, memory, and behavior
frontal lobe is responsible for
language and touch
parietal lobe is responsible for
58 terms
Biology lab 2
Phylum Porifera(sponges)
Clade Eumetozoa
Types of symmetry
Asymmetry
(spicules)... Multi-cellular animals that lack tissues or organs…
Clade Radiata ... - Phylum Cnidaria... Clade Bilateria... * Sub-clade…
Bilatera- contains organisms that have a body plan with blate…
no symmetry
Phylum Porifera(sponges)
(spicules)... Multi-cellular animals that lack tissues or organs…
Clade Eumetozoa
Clade Radiata ... - Phylum Cnidaria... Clade Bilateria... * Sub-clade…
98 terms
Biology 271 Lab 2
Spinotrapezius
Latissimus dorsi
Clavotrapezius
Levator scapulae ventralis
dorsal view of back and shoulder (1)
dorsal view of back and shoulder (2)
dorsal view of upper back and shoulder (1)
dorsal view of upper back and shoulder (2)
Spinotrapezius
dorsal view of back and shoulder (1)
Latissimus dorsi
dorsal view of back and shoulder (2)
35 terms
Human Biology Lab 2
Cell wall
Chloroplasts
What did the 20% sucrose do?
Difference between plant cells and hum…
surrounds cell... gives plant cells their shape... the plasma membr…
small green bodies... can see movement when cell warms up
made the cell wall larger and clearer... plasma membrane pulled…
plant cells are lined parallel and similar... cheek sells scatte…
Cell wall
surrounds cell... gives plant cells their shape... the plasma membr…
Chloroplasts
small green bodies... can see movement when cell warms up
37 terms
Biology lab 2 review
DNA
RNA
Alleles
Diploid ... Haploid
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
Seen in heterozygous/homozygous (dominant)
Full set 2n ... Half set
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
111 terms
Biology 121: Lab 2
Skull
Hyoid Bone
Scapula
Cervical Vertebrae
Skull
Hyoid Bone
34 terms
Biology Lab 2
Cocci
Spirilli
Bacilli
Obligate aerobes
Spherical
Spiral
Rod shaped
Need oxygen to survive
Cocci
Spherical
Spirilli
Spiral
34 terms
Biology Lab 2
Cocci
Spirilli
Bacilli
Obligate aerobes
Spherical
Spiral
Rod shaped
Need oxygen to survive
Cocci
Spherical
Spirilli
Spiral
35 terms
Human Biology Lab 2
Cell wall
Chloroplasts
What did the 20% sucrose do?
Difference between plant cells and hum…
surrounds cell... gives plant cells their shape... the plasma membr…
small green bodies... can see movement when cell warms up
made the cell wall larger and clearer... plasma membrane pulled…
plant cells are lined parallel and similar... cheek sells scatte…
Cell wall
surrounds cell... gives plant cells their shape... the plasma membr…
Chloroplasts
small green bodies... can see movement when cell warms up
38 terms
Biology 112 lab 2
4 Unifying Theories of Biology
What are the 3 concepts the Theory of…
What are the 7 scientific areas that a…
Tiktaalik anatomy
1. The Cell Theory: organisms consist of one or more cells; c…
1. Species change over time... 2. Species are related through de…
1. Fossils (try to make a cladogram? leaves gaps and have tra…
represents transition of vertebrate animals from water to lan…
4 Unifying Theories of Biology
1. The Cell Theory: organisms consist of one or more cells; c…
What are the 3 concepts the Theory of…
1. Species change over time... 2. Species are related through de…
98 terms
Biology 271 Lab 2
Spinotrapezius
Latissimus dorsi
Clavotrapezius
Levator scapulae ventralis
dorsal view of back and shoulder (1)
dorsal view of back and shoulder (2)
dorsal view of upper back and shoulder (1)
dorsal view of upper back and shoulder (2)
Spinotrapezius
dorsal view of back and shoulder (1)
Latissimus dorsi
dorsal view of back and shoulder (2)
27 terms
Biology Lab 2
Draw a cell and label the plasma membr…
Draw a diagram illustrating the molecu…
List and describe the function of each…
Endoplasmic reticulum
Lipids create a phosphilipid bilayer with polar head and non…
...
Transports materials within the cell, provides attachment for…
Draw a cell and label the plasma membr…
Draw a diagram illustrating the molecu…
Lipids create a phosphilipid bilayer with polar head and non…
28 terms
Biology Lab 2
Macromolecules
Polymers
How is a monomer added to a growing po…
How do you break apart a polymer
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Lipids... Nucleic Acids
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Large molecules formed b…
Added by interaction of an OH group on the monomer and the H…
water must be added the chain in order to break off the OH fr…
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Lipids... Nucleic Acids
Polymers
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Large molecules formed b…
52 terms
Human Biology-Lab 2
Frontal Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Ethmoid Bone
Lacrimal Bone
Frontal Bone
Sphenoid Bone
20 terms
Biology Lab 2: Microscopy
Resolution
Contrast
Wavelength
Darkfield Mircoscopes
How far apart two objects have to be to be seen as two separa…
The difference between the object and the background.
The smaller the _____ used the smaller the distance can be be…
Work by collecting only the refracted light from the object a…
Resolution
How far apart two objects have to be to be seen as two separa…
Contrast
The difference between the object and the background.
40 terms
biology lab 2
metabolism
enzymes
substrates
enzyme substrate complex
All the chemical reactions that occur with in a living system
A protein that catalyzes a specific metabolic reaction
is a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
The combination between an enzyme and a substrate
metabolism
All the chemical reactions that occur with in a living system
enzymes
A protein that catalyzes a specific metabolic reaction
54 terms
Biology Lab 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Covalent Bond
Hydrogen Bond
Water's attraction to other water molecules
Water's attraction to other materials
Forms when two atoms share two electrons with a molecule
Occurs between two molecules when a positively charged hydrog…
Cohesion
Water's attraction to other water molecules
Adhesion
Water's attraction to other materials
26 terms
Biology 223 Lab 2
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
Area in nucleus... Site of rRNA synthesis
Unwound DNA inside nucleus
Nucleus
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Nuclear envelope
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
11 terms
Biology I Lab 2
Violet
blue
green
yellow
380 to 450
450 to 500
500 to 570
570 to 590
Violet
380 to 450
blue
450 to 500
32 terms
Cell Biology Lab 2
fluorescence microscopy
emission wavlength
excitation wavelength
1) deliver excitation light of the app…
can be used to determine the location/spatial orientation of…
Is the excitation wavelength or the emission wavelength longer?
the wavelength fluorescent dye is absorbed at
4 functions of the fluorescence microscope
fluorescence microscopy
can be used to determine the location/spatial orientation of…
emission wavlength
Is the excitation wavelength or the emission wavelength longer?
49 terms
Biology Lab 2-ORDERS
Aquatic Spider
Daphnia
Diaptomus
Dragonly Larva
Araneae
Cladocera
Calanoida
Odonata
Aquatic Spider
Araneae
Daphnia
Cladocera
49 terms
Biology Lab 2-PHYLUMS
Aquatic Spider
Daphnia
Diaptomus
Dragonfly Larva
Arthropoda
Arthropoda
Arthropoda
Arthropoda
Aquatic Spider
Arthropoda
Daphnia
Arthropoda
10 terms
Biology Lab 2
Describe the additional parts a light…
Why did we use a cooled CCD camera to…
What does a fluorochrome do specifical…
Which fluorochrome was used? To what d…
Cooled CCD camera: allows images to be projected, provides ma…
It produces maximum sensitvity w/ low background noise. Flour…
They are excited by light of particular wavelengths and then…
Tetramethylrhodamine; bound to dextron--attaches to bacteria…
Describe the additional parts a light…
Cooled CCD camera: allows images to be projected, provides ma…
Why did we use a cooled CCD camera to…
It produces maximum sensitvity w/ low background noise. Flour…
10 terms
Biology Terms: Lab 2
pro
co(n)(m)
molecule
cyt(e)(o)(us)
before
with; together
little mass
a hollow place, cell
pro
before
co(n)(m)
with; together
26 terms
Biology 223 Lab 2
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
Area in nucleus... Site of rRNA synthesis
Unwound DNA inside nucleus
Nucleus
Contains DNA... Pattern for building all proteins for the cell
Nuclear envelope
Membrane around nucleus... DNA can not pass through it
15 terms
Intro biology lab 2
Compound light microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission Electron microscope
Dissecting microscope (stereoscopic mi…
Studies cells (small bacteria, larger plant and animal cells)…
Shows in detail the surface and textures of organisms and cel…
Provides detailed images of the smallest life forms (bacteria…
Used for study of macroscopic organisms (insects &I leaves),…
Compound light microscope
Studies cells (small bacteria, larger plant and animal cells)…
Scanning electron microscope
Shows in detail the surface and textures of organisms and cel…
10 terms
Biology Pre-Lab 2
The metric system is the measurement s…
A kilowatt, a unit of electrical power…
A millicurie, a unit of radioactivity,…
Length is the measurement of...
all of the above..... scientists... most countries in the world... mos…
1000 watts
a thousandth of a curie
a line, extending from one point to another.
The metric system is the measurement s…
all of the above..... scientists... most countries in the world... mos…
A kilowatt, a unit of electrical power…
1000 watts
Biology 1594 Lab 2
Magnification
Resolution
Depth of Field
Field of View
Refers to the degree to which an image is larger than the act…
The minimum distance which must exist between two points in o…
Thickness of material that is in focus at any one time
Circle of light you see when looking through the microscope (…
Magnification
Refers to the degree to which an image is larger than the act…
Resolution
The minimum distance which must exist between two points in o…
43 terms
Biology Lab 2
lineage
shared derived feature
most recent common ancestor
evolutionary trees
line of descendants
a feature that a common ancestor passes down to all of its de…
all organisms in a group in which an organism has directly de…
assesses the evolutionary relationships between particular gr…
lineage
line of descendants
shared derived feature
a feature that a common ancestor passes down to all of its de…
27 terms
Biology Lab 2
The Cell
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Evolution to multicellular organisms
fundamental biological unit
cells with membrane-bound nucleus and organelles don't appear…
cells that lack a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles
general trend in increasing complexity and specialization, di…
The Cell
fundamental biological unit
Eukaryotic Cells
cells with membrane-bound nucleus and organelles don't appear…
12 terms
Biology LAB 2
Cell Theory
Tissue
Prokaryotes: Kingdom Monera: Bacteria
Examples of Bacteria
The cell is the basic unit of life. All cells are formed from…
A group of similar cells plus the intercellular material whic…
Most common organism in human infection. Diverse structurally…
Streptococcus (Round)... Staphylococcus (Round)... Micrococcus (Rou…
Cell Theory
The cell is the basic unit of life. All cells are formed from…
Tissue
A group of similar cells plus the intercellular material whic…
14 terms
Biology Lab 2
Prokaryotes
Two types of prokaryotes
Two types of bacteria
Eukaryotes
no membrane enclosed nucleus... no organelles... unicellular
Archaea... Bacteria
Oscillatoria ( a cyanobacterium)... Lactobacillus
Membrane enclosed nucleus ... numerous organelles... unicellular an…
Prokaryotes
no membrane enclosed nucleus... no organelles... unicellular
Two types of prokaryotes
Archaea... Bacteria
33 terms
Biology Lab 2
Body Tube
Nosepiece
Low-power objective
High-power objective
Allows light to pass up to eye and provides proper distance b…
Holds objective lens and rotates to Chang magnification
Provides the largest field of view and lowest magnififcation
Provides smallest field of view and highest magnification
Body Tube
Allows light to pass up to eye and provides proper distance b…
Nosepiece
Holds objective lens and rotates to Chang magnification
5 terms
Biology lab 2
kilo
base
centi
milli
k:1,000 or 10³
1 or 10⁰
c: 0.01 or 10⁻²
m: 0.001 or 10 ⁻³
kilo
k:1,000 or 10³
base
1 or 10⁰
28 terms
Biology Lab 2
DNA Polymerase
Sister Chromatids
Centromere
G2
Reads DNA information in the replication fork and builds the…
Sister Chromatids (Identical) are formed in S phase of interp…
Where the sister chromatids are held together
Cell makes spindle fibers
DNA Polymerase
Reads DNA information in the replication fork and builds the…
Sister Chromatids
Sister Chromatids (Identical) are formed in S phase of interp…
Biology Lab 2
evolution
two
allele
homozygous at that locus
change in allele frequencies within a population over time
each individual carries ___ copies of each gene
one form of a gene at a particular locus
an individual carries two identical forms of the gene at a pa…
evolution
change in allele frequencies within a population over time
two
each individual carries ___ copies of each gene
28 terms
Biology Lab 2
Phylogeny
Common Names
Scientific Names
Carolus Linnaeus
An illustration depicting a hypothesis of the evolutionary hi…
Names of plants and animals in an areas native language
A name unique to each organism that is usually Latin or Greek
A Swedish naturalist who is given credit for creating the mod…
Phylogeny
An illustration depicting a hypothesis of the evolutionary hi…
Common Names
Names of plants and animals in an areas native language
53 terms
Biology Lab 2
Cell
Structure of Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function of Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosome Structure
The smallest functional unit of the body, which contains abou…
Network of membranes forming sacs and canals
Transports materials within the cell, provides attachment for…
Particles composed of protein and ribosomal RNA
Cell
The smallest functional unit of the body, which contains abou…
Structure of Endoplasmic Reticulum
Network of membranes forming sacs and canals
10 terms
Biology Lab 2
Steps of the Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Inductive Reasoning
Deductive Reasoning
1. Observation and Background Search. 2.Hypothesis Formation.…
a reasonable statement that considers the observation and the…
a thought process that consistently moves from the observatio…
the process of drawing tentative conclusions from an hypothes…
Steps of the Scientific Method
1. Observation and Background Search. 2.Hypothesis Formation.…
Hypothesis
a reasonable statement that considers the observation and the…
28 terms
Biology Lab 2
ovaries
oviduct
uterus
testes
Located posterior to the kidney. It's kidney shaped, but much…
AKA Fallopian tubes, which leads from the ovary to the uterus.
The region where two oviducts join is the uterus. Development…
Bean shaped organs that produce sperm. Balls have not dropped…
ovaries
Located posterior to the kidney. It's kidney shaped, but much…
oviduct
AKA Fallopian tubes, which leads from the ovary to the uterus.
13 terms
Biology Lab 2 Terms
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
Catabolic Pathways
the integrated set of chemical reactions by which an organism…
specific sets of chemical reactions
pathways that use energy to build up complex molecules, pathw…
pathways that create energy by breaking down complex molecule…
Metabolism
the integrated set of chemical reactions by which an organism…
Metabolic Pathways
specific sets of chemical reactions
17 terms
Biology Lab 2
Low P-Value
High P-Value
P-Value
Independent Variable
less than (0.05) means you can reject the null hypothesis and…
greater than (0.05) means you cannot reject the null hypothes…
the probability that the results are due to chance and not so…
The factor that is being manipulated in the current experimen…
Low P-Value
less than (0.05) means you can reject the null hypothesis and…
High P-Value
greater than (0.05) means you cannot reject the null hypothes…
39 terms
Biology Lab 2
Plant Organs:
Leaf Function
Stem Function
Root Function
1. Leaves... 2. Stems... 3. Roots
Absorb light energy for photosynthesis
Displays leaves to the sun
Anchor plant body; absorb minerals and nutrients from the gro…
Plant Organs:
1. Leaves... 2. Stems... 3. Roots
Leaf Function
Absorb light energy for photosynthesis
21 terms
Biology Lab 2
Chloroplast
Photons
Chlorophyll
Electrons
where chemical reactions take place
energy
green pigment molecule
high-energy used to make ATP
Chloroplast
where chemical reactions take place
Photons
energy
19 terms
Biology Lab 2
Substrates
Enzymes
Starch ➡️ Maltose➡️ DNS➡️ Reduced DNS
Cell Cycle
The reactions in an enzymatic reaction
Serves as a catalyst; a chemical agent that increases the rat…
The more amylase activity, the more maltose production, the m…
Involves distribution of duplicate sets of chromosomes in a p…
Substrates
The reactions in an enzymatic reaction
Enzymes
Serves as a catalyst; a chemical agent that increases the rat…
32 terms
biology lab 2 terms
neutral red
vital stain
yellow
red
a dye used for staining- stains lysosomes red.
neutral red stains living cells, so it is a _______ _______.
at pH values above 8.0 neutral red is ________.
at pH values below 6.8 (acidic) neutral red is ________.
neutral red
a dye used for staining- stains lysosomes red.
vital stain
neutral red stains living cells, so it is a _______ _______.
10 terms
Biology Lab 2
Atoms of DNA, RNA
Hydrogren color
Nitrogen color
Oxygen color
C, H, N, O, P, [Mg++]
white
blue
red
Atoms of DNA, RNA
C, H, N, O, P, [Mg++]
Hydrogren color
white
9 terms
Biology Lab 2
apple
orange
peach, avocado, cherry
grape, tomato, pepper
pome, accessory fruit
hesperidium
drupe
berry
apple
pome, accessory fruit
orange
hesperidium
49 terms
Biology Lab 2 Vocabulary
Covalent bonds.
Hydrogen bonds
Electronegativity
Polar.
A bond formed between two atoms as a result of sharing electr…
A weak electrostatic attraction between polar functional grou…
Strength of ... attraction of an electron. A highly electronegat…
Covalent bonds that are polar are a result of sharing of elec…
Covalent bonds.
A bond formed between two atoms as a result of sharing electr…
Hydrogen bonds
A weak electrostatic attraction between polar functional grou…
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