Study sets matching "bio midterm ap biology"

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Study sets matching "bio midterm ap biology"

AP Biology Bio-molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
Monomer- Amino Acid... Polymer- Polypeptide and/or dipeptide (En…
Monomer- Nucleotide... Polymer- DNA, RNA... Elements- C, H, O, N, P…
Carbohydrate
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Lipid
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
Cell Biology - AP Bio
What is the most fundamental differenc…
What does Domain mean?
What is endosymbiosis?
What is nuclear DNA?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Notion that one bacteria engulfed another bacteria; leads to…
Nucleic acid in nucleus of eukaryotic cells; double helix form
What is the most fundamental differenc…
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
What does Domain mean?
Regards prokaryotic and eukaryotic
70 terms
Molecular Biology and Bio Engineering (Genetics) - AP Bio
Pedigree
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Transcription
Hershey and Chase
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
Process by which DNA makes RNA. 3 Stages- Initiation (RNA pol…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Pedigree
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
AP Bio Conservation Biology
Explain the three levels of biodiversi…
Name and give an example of the five b…
Anthropocene
Anthropogenic
1. Genetic Variability (lots of different features w/in a spe…
1. Economic value : hunting, tourists, trees purifying water…
Idea that humans govern the earth
caused by human activity. Ex: pollution is anthropogenic degr…
Explain the three levels of biodiversi…
1. Genetic Variability (lots of different features w/in a spe…
Name and give an example of the five b…
1. Economic value : hunting, tourists, trees purifying water…
26 terms
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
AP Biology Bio-Chemistry
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Liver
glucose,fructose, galactose
lactose, sucrose, maltose
glycogen, starch, cellulose, chitin
First stop for blood glucose
Monosaccharides
glucose,fructose, galactose
Disaccharides
lactose, sucrose, maltose
35 terms
Ap Bio cell biology
Cytology
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
study of the cell
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
a cell that lacks a true nucleus genetic material is held in…
a cell that has a true membrane-bound nucleus animal cells pl…
Cytology
study of the cell
Organelle
subunits of the cell AKA tiny things in the cell that make li…
30 terms
AP Bio, Behavioral Biology
behavior
ethology
fixed action pattern
sign stimulis
What an animal does and how it does it.
The study of how animals behave in their natural habitat.
A sequence of behavioral acts that are essentially unchangeab…
The thing that FAPs are triggered by.
behavior
What an animal does and how it does it.
ethology
The study of how animals behave in their natural habitat.
17 terms
AP Bio Evolutionary Biology
Natural Selection... :Observation 1-5
Natural Selection: Inference 1-3
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
1: more individuals are born than can survive... 2: population s…
1: since more individuals are born than can survive, there is…
When a theory supports multiple facts
When multiple observed facts support a theory
Natural Selection... :Observation 1-5
1: more individuals are born than can survive... 2: population s…
Natural Selection: Inference 1-3
1: since more individuals are born than can survive, there is…
50 terms
AP BIO: Molecular Biology Review
DNA replication
semiconservative replication
helicase
replication fork
the process of making a copy of DNA
DNA replication in which each of the parental strands is read…
an enzyme that untwists the double helix at the replication f…
A Y-shaped region on a replicating DNA molecule where new str…
DNA replication
the process of making a copy of DNA
semiconservative replication
DNA replication in which each of the parental strands is read…
19 terms
AP Biology BioChem Basic Review
Element
Atom
Compound
Neutron
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or mo…
A sub-atomic particle found in the nucleus with mass similar…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
AP BIO Molecular Biology
what are DNA's two ends?
What does 3' end with?
What does 5' end with?
what does "helicase" do?
3' and 5'
-OH
a Phosphate group
unwinds the DNA
what are DNA's two ends?
3' and 5'
What does 3' end with?
-OH
ap bio molecular biology
stages of replication
Replication: initiation
SSB
steps of transcription
Initiation, elongation, and termination
supercoiling relaxed by topoisomerase, replication fork opend…
proteins which keeps the strands separated
RNA polymerase breaks the hydrogen bonds between the DNA base…
stages of replication
Initiation, elongation, and termination
Replication: initiation
supercoiling relaxed by topoisomerase, replication fork opend…
MasteringBiology Ap bio Chapter 52 vocabulary
abyssal zone
neriric zone
photic zone
landscape ecology
The part of the ocean's benthic zone between 2,000 and 6,000…
The shallow region of the ocean overlaying the continental sh…
The narrow top layer of an ocean or lake, where light penetra…
The study of how the spatial arrangement of habitat types aff…
abyssal zone
The part of the ocean's benthic zone between 2,000 and 6,000…
neriric zone
The shallow region of the ocean overlaying the continental sh…
Ap Biology: Bio Chemistry
Four Elements Essential to Life (96% o…
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Results of a Polar Covalent Bond
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
The taking of electrons, resulting in a positively charged an…
The sharing of electrons
Charge separation (result in polar H2O bonds)
Four Elements Essential to Life (96% o…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Ionic Bonding
The taking of electrons, resulting in a positively charged an…
52 terms
AP Bio: Molecular Biology
DNA
DNA Polymerase
ligase
purine
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA fro…
An enzyme which is capable of binding two smaller components…
a colorless crystalline organic base containing nitrogen; the…
DNA
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
DNA Polymerase
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA fro…
5 terms
AP Bio Intro to Biology
in an ecosystem, nutrients _ and energ…
name the 3 parts of cell theory
taxa, from specific to general
list the 3 domains
cycles; flows
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, kingdom, domain
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
in an ecosystem, nutrients _ and energ…
cycles; flows
name the 3 parts of cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
45 terms
AP BIO Molecular Biology
dna polymerase
helicase
SSBP
primase
enzyme responsible for dna synthesis
opens the helix (which causes strand separation)
single strand binding proteins: keep the strand open
puts down a small rna primer which is necessary for DNA polym…
dna polymerase
enzyme responsible for dna synthesis
helicase
opens the helix (which causes strand separation)
37 terms
AP BIO Molecular Biology
Mendel
Sutton
Morgan
Griffith
Studied modes of inheritance in pea plants
Found that genes are located on chromosomes (Grasshoppers)
Sutton's student, wanted to disprove him'... Found sex linkage (…
S. Pneumonia, smooth vs. Rough, smooth kills, rough doesn't.…
Mendel
Studied modes of inheritance in pea plants
Sutton
Found that genes are located on chromosomes (Grasshoppers)
AP Bio Molecular Biology
DNA ligase
PCR
Restriction Enzymes
Transformation
Used to reattach sticky ends in a plasmid and to attach Okaza…
Used to make multiple copies of DNA
Used to cut DNA apart
Used to make bacteria that will then synthesize multiple copi…
DNA ligase
Used to reattach sticky ends in a plasmid and to attach Okaza…
PCR
Used to make multiple copies of DNA
19 terms
AP Bio: Evolutionary Biology
Reducing atmosphere
Proteinoids
Chemical selection
Chemosynthesic
...
...
...
...
Reducing atmosphere
...
Proteinoids
...
69 terms
AP Bio molecular biology
T. H. Morgan
Frederick Griffith
Avery, McCarty, and McLeod
Hershey and Chase
experimented with the fruit fly (drosophila) to establish the…
was working with bacteria trying to find a cure for pneumonia…
proved DNA is the "transforming factor": purified both DNA an…
classic "blender experiment" to confirm DNA and not protein:…
T. H. Morgan
experimented with the fruit fly (drosophila) to establish the…
Frederick Griffith
was working with bacteria trying to find a cure for pneumonia…
63 terms
AP BIOLOGY BioChem vocab
Atom
Compound
Element
Nucleus
Smallest particle of an element; basic building blocks of mat…
Substance composed of atoms of two or more different elements…
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances
In eukaryotes, a membrane-bounded organelle that contains chr…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element; basic building blocks of mat…
Compound
Substance composed of atoms of two or more different elements…
15 terms
Lipids Biology AP Bio
3 classes of lipids
Types of molecules making up triglycer…
Two types of fats
Top part of the phospholipids
Fats/ triglycerides... Phosolipids... Steroids
Glycerol 1... Fatty acid chains 3
Saturated and unsaturated
Polar (phosphate) head, hydrophilic
3 classes of lipids
Fats/ triglycerides... Phosolipids... Steroids
Types of molecules making up triglycer…
Glycerol 1... Fatty acid chains 3
30 terms
AP Bio- Cell Biology
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells or cell fragments
Cells are alike in structure and function
Cells need information to survive
News cells always come from pre-existing cells
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells or cell fragments
Cell theory
Cells are alike in structure and function
5 terms
AP Bio Review - Human Biology
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Integumentary System
Circulatory System
Provides support, protects tissues, stores minerals, forms bl…
Allows for movement, provides support, produces heat
Protects against environmental hazards, helps control body te…
Transports blood and oxygen throughout the body
Skeletal System
Provides support, protects tissues, stores minerals, forms bl…
Muscular System
Allows for movement, provides support, produces heat
27 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
cytology
compartmentalization
nucleus
ribosomes
the scientific study of cells
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
largest organelle in the cell
protein factories
cytology
the scientific study of cells
compartmentalization
membranes allow different parts of the cell to perform differ…
43 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
chromosomes
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
netlike array of protein filaments that maintains the shape o…
carry genetic information
nucleus
contains most of the genes in the eukaryotic cell
nuclear envelope
encloses nucleus; separates its contents from cytoplasm; doub…
80 terms
Cell Biology-AP Bio
Major Elements of Life
Organic Compounds
Cell division
Information storage and transferral
P.S. CHON
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
Nucleus, chromatin, microtubules, microfilaments
Chromatin, nucleus
Major Elements of Life
P.S. CHON
Organic Compounds
Contain Carbon, most also contain Hydrogen
AP Bio: Cell Biology Unit
steroids are defined by
organic chemistry
functional groups
names of the seven functional groups
4 fused rings
the branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
chemical groups that are involved directly in chemical reacti…
hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, sulfhydryl, phosphate an…
steroids are defined by
4 fused rings
organic chemistry
the branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
76 terms
AP Bio Molecular Biology Cards
Chimera
Cloning
DNA probe
EcoRI
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
labeled segment of DNA or RNA used to find a specific sequenc…
restriction enzyme that recognizes the sequence GAATTC. Whene…
Chimera
animals composed of cells that originate from two or more dif…
Cloning
producing a cell line or culture all of whose members contain…
AP Biology BioChem Flashcards
Everything is made up of ___?
List the three parts to an atom and th…
The number of protons in an element de…
What basic formula is used to find the…
matter
Protons (+)... Electrons (-+ nuetral)... Neutrons (-)
the atomic number and also the electrons
mass- atomic number
Everything is made up of ___?
matter
List the three parts to an atom and th…
Protons (+)... Electrons (-+ nuetral)... Neutrons (-)
AP. Bio. Study of Biology
The future of biology is in understand…
Emergent properties are due to the arr…
In order to better understand biologic…
Discovery science describes nature thr…
systems
interactions
Reductionism
observations
The future of biology is in understand…
systems
Emergent properties are due to the arr…
interactions
38 terms
AP Biology; BioChemistry
Carbohydrate Shape
Carbohydrate Elements
Lipid Shape
Lipid Elements
Ring (CHO 1:2:1)
C(1) H(2) O(1)
Chain of C
CHO
Carbohydrate Shape
Ring (CHO 1:2:1)
Carbohydrate Elements
C(1) H(2) O(1)
10 terms
AP Bio Molecular Biology
Rosy Franklin
Watson and Crick
Avery, McCarty, MacLeod
Griffith
X-ray diffraction, took picture of dna and discovered double…
Analyzed X-ray diffraction and recognized double helix was ma…
Proved that dna is genetic material (proved Griffith right)
Studied two strains of bacteria, showed how bacteria picked u…
Rosy Franklin
X-ray diffraction, took picture of dna and discovered double…
Watson and Crick
Analyzed X-ray diffraction and recognized double helix was ma…
Science | Biology | AP Bio | Plant Vocab
Apical bud
Axillary bud
Blade
Compound leaf
The tip of a growing shoot
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
The flat and expanded part of a leaf
Multiple leaflets
Apical bud
The tip of a growing shoot
Axillary bud
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
160 terms
Cell Biology test AP Bio
A biologist is studying kidney tubules…
All of the following are part of a pro…
The volume enclosed by the plasma memb…
A mycoplasma is an organism with a dia…
b
c
e
c
A biologist is studying kidney tubules…
b
All of the following are part of a pro…
c
107 terms
AP Biology-Ecology, AP Bio - Unit 1
biotic factors
ecology
climate
abiotic factors
a living component of a biological community; an organism, or…
the scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
the long term prevailing weather conditions in a given area
a non-living component of an ecosystem, such as air, water, o…
biotic factors
a living component of a biological community; an organism, or…
ecology
the scientific study of the interactions between organisms an…
AP Bio-Biology of the Cell
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
Organelles
Cytosol
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
the semifluid portion of the cytoplasm
prokaryotic: cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and mem…
Light Microscope (LM vs Electron Micro…
an optical instrument, with lenses that refract (bend) visibl…
Organelles
one of several formed bodies with specialized functions, susp…
AP Biology, Unit 2, Bio Chemistry Review
Chemical Structure of Hydroxyl
Properties of Carbonyl (2)
What are the 4 special properties of w…
Properties of Carboxyl (3)
Polar, water soluble
1) Cohesion 2) high specific heat, 3) insulation of bodies of…
Polar, water soluble, acidic
Chemical Structure of Hydroxyl
Properties of Carbonyl (2)
Polar, water soluble
42 terms
AP Bio Biology of the Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Organelles
Cytosol
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Light Microscope
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
Electron Microscope
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
41 terms
AP Bio Quiz: Molecular Biology
cellulose
cyclic adenosine monophosphate
galactose
glycerol
carbohydrate
nucleic acid
carbohydrate
lipid
cellulose
carbohydrate
cyclic adenosine monophosphate
nucleic acid
41 terms
AP Bio Quiz: Molecular Biology
cellulose
cyclic adenosine monophosphate
galactose
glycerol
carbohydrate
nucleic acid
carbohydrate
lipid
cellulose
carbohydrate
cyclic adenosine monophosphate
nucleic acid
58 terms
AP Bio Cell Biology
Microfilaments
Centrioles
Basal Bodies
Cilia and Flagella
protein fibers made from actin, and are capable of contractio…
may function in organizing mitotic spindle in cell division,…
underlie/anchor cilia and flagella to the cytoskeleton
function in motion of cell, extensions of cell membrane... 9+2 a…
Microfilaments
protein fibers made from actin, and are capable of contractio…
Centrioles
may function in organizing mitotic spindle in cell division,…
38 terms
AP Bio #1 Subdivisions of Biology
cytology
biochemistry
botany
zoology
study of cells
chemistry of living things
study of plants
study of animals
cytology
study of cells
biochemistry
chemistry of living things
70 terms
Molecular Biology and Bio Engineering (Genetics) - AP Bio
Pedigree
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Transcription
Hershey and Chase
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
Process by which DNA makes RNA. 3 Stages- Initiation (RNA pol…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Pedigree
Family tree determines how a particular trait is inherited.
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Polymer of Nucleotides- A,T,C,G. Purines- Adenine and guanine…
22 terms
BIOLOGY AP: BioChemistry Review
Scientific method
Experimental design
Properties of Water
monomer
a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring n…
the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the v…
a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tast…
the subunit that serves as a building block of the polymer
Scientific method
a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring n…
Experimental design
the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the v…
66 terms
Newkirk AP Bio Review 1 "Cell Biology"
Actin-
Active Transport-
Amphipathic-
Cell Wall-
globular protein that forms microfilaments.
when moving a substance requires energy input. Used to move a…
containing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
a layer external to the plasma membrane that provides protect…
Actin-
globular protein that forms microfilaments.
Active Transport-
when moving a substance requires energy input. Used to move a…
AP Bio Behavioral Biology Vocabulary
Behavior
Proximate causes
Ultimate causes
Developmentally fixed
What an animal does and how it does it
Mechanisms underlying an organisms behavioral, physiological,…
The evolutionary explanation for a behavioral, physiological,…
When an individual exhibits virtually the same behavior despi…
Behavior
What an animal does and how it does it
Proximate causes
Mechanisms underlying an organisms behavioral, physiological,…
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