Study sets matching "bio quiz review"

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Study sets matching "bio quiz review"

69 terms
Biology Review
An organelle
A cell will swell when
Diffusion
chromosomes are found
a structure within a eukaryotic cell that performs a specific…
placed in a hypotonic solution
movement from high concentration to low concentration
in the nucleus
An organelle
a structure within a eukaryotic cell that performs a specific…
A cell will swell when
placed in a hypotonic solution
Biology Review
CARBOHYDRATES
LIPIDS
PROTEIN
POLYMER
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids a…
Macromolecule containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitroge…
Large molecule consisting of many identical or similar molecu…
CARBOHYDRATES
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms…
LIPIDS
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids a…
28 terms
Biology Review
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
Mitochondria
Storage vesicle for water, food, wastes other substances. 1 l…
Controls all cell activities and protein production. Contains…
Cell liquid in which chemical reactions occur. Holds and cush…
Converts glucose into ATP (energy a cell can use) in the proc…
Vacuole
Storage vesicle for water, food, wastes other substances. 1 l…
Nucleus
Controls all cell activities and protein production. Contains…
214 terms
biology review
1. The variable of an experiment that…
2. A particular preference or point of…
3. A well-tested explanation that unif…
1. List characteristics of living thin…
dependent variable
bias, opinion
scientific theory
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow and develop... 4. reprodu…
1. The variable of an experiment that…
dependent variable
2. A particular preference or point of…
bias, opinion
18 terms
Biology Review
aerobic
anerobic
chloroplast
photosynthesis
with oxygen
without oxygen
found in plants
process by plants to make energy
aerobic
with oxygen
anerobic
without oxygen
209 terms
biology review
dependent variable
bias, opinion
scientific theory
1. List characteristics of living thin…
1. The variable of an experiment that is deliberately changed…
2. A particular preference or point of view that is personal,…
3. A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of ob…
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow and develop... 4. reprodu…
dependent variable
1. The variable of an experiment that is deliberately changed…
bias, opinion
2. A particular preference or point of view that is personal,…
Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
31 terms
Biology Review
prokaryote
eukaryote
cell wall
cell membrane
unicellular bacteria without membrane bounded organelles
protist, fungi, plant, and animals with membrane bounded orga…
found only in bacteria and plant cells
helps to maintain homeostasis
prokaryote
unicellular bacteria without membrane bounded organelles
eukaryote
protist, fungi, plant, and animals with membrane bounded orga…
74 terms
biology review
homeostasis
low power objective lens
enzyme
metabolism
the maintenance of a stable internal state
one of the objective lenses, 4x
catalyst that speeds up the rate of a reaction
the sum of all processes, includes cell respiration
homeostasis
the maintenance of a stable internal state
low power objective lens
one of the objective lenses, 4x
11 terms
Biology Review
CARBOHYDRATES
LIPIDS
PROTEIN
POLYMER
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids a…
Macromolecule containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitroge…
Large molecule consisting of many identical or similar molecu…
CARBOHYDRATES
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms…
LIPIDS
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids a…
156 terms
Biology Final Review
These two subatomic particles make up…
Electron
Neutron
Proton
Protons and neutrons
This subatomic particle has a negative charge
This subatomic particle has a neutral charge
This subatomic particle has a positive charge
These two subatomic particles make up…
Protons and neutrons
Electron
This subatomic particle has a negative charge
47 terms
Biology Review
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosome
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
36 terms
Biology Review
Role of Enzymes
Subunit of Nucleic acids
Subunit of proteins
subunit of carbohydrates
speed up and regulate biochemical reactions
nucleotides
amino acids
monosaccharides
Role of Enzymes
speed up and regulate biochemical reactions
Subunit of Nucleic acids
nucleotides
Biology Review
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Unicellular
Multicellular
an organism that cannot make its on food and must consume oth…
an organism that produces its own food from inorganic compoun…
an organism made of one cell (Bacteria, some Protists, some F…
organism that is composed of many cells that are usually arra…
Heterotroph
an organism that cannot make its on food and must consume oth…
Autotroph
an organism that produces its own food from inorganic compoun…
17 terms
Biology Review
Autotroph/producer
Chloroplast
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph/consumer
An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorgan…
Organelle that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synt…
The process that converts light energy into chemical energy t…
An organism that obtains food molecules by eating other organ…
Autotroph/producer
An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorgan…
Chloroplast
Organelle that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synt…
36 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
What is being tested in an experiment.
The group that doesn't have the independent variable applied…
The group that is affected by the independent variable.
Dependent Variable
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
Independent Variable
What is being tested in an experiment.
88 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Eye piece or ocular
Nose piece
Fine adjustment knob
Coarse adjustment knob
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
Allows you to focus or fine tune the image.
Allows you to move the upper portion of the microscope up and…
Eye piece or ocular
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
Nose piece
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
47 terms
Biology Review
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosome
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
68 terms
Chapter 1 Biology Review
emergent property
differentiation
stem cells
prokaryote
a property of a system that emerges from the interaction of t…
the alteration of a cells morphology and physiology through c…
undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into sp…
a type of cell that lacks a membrane bound nucleus, mitochond…
emergent property
a property of a system that emerges from the interaction of t…
differentiation
the alteration of a cells morphology and physiology through c…
61 terms
Biology Review
ribosomes
rough er
smooth er
golgi complex
make protein
factory floor for ribosomes, lattice to building proteins
makes lipids breaks down toxins
discovered by Camilla Golgi by staining cells, takes info pro…
ribosomes
make protein
rough er
factory floor for ribosomes, lattice to building proteins
70 terms
Biology Midterm Review
Thigmotropism
Gravitropism
Phototropism
Epidermal Tissue (plant)
A plant's response to touch. Example: Venus Fly Trap
A plant's response to gravity. Example: Roots growing down
A plant's response to light. Example: Stem growing towards li…
The tissue that covers a plant (similar to skin)
Thigmotropism
A plant's response to touch. Example: Venus Fly Trap
Gravitropism
A plant's response to gravity. Example: Roots growing down
Biology Final Review
DNA
store and transmit genetic information
sugar
two chains in a double helix
Each organism has a unique combination of characteristics enc…
Primary function of DNA
What does the pentagon represent
The structure of DNA is
DNA
Each organism has a unique combination of characteristics enc…
store and transmit genetic information
Primary function of DNA
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Test Review
thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
thermal energy
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
energy cannot be converted without the "loss" of usable energy
"lost" energy is not really lost but is converted to...
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
Biology Review
Geotype
Recessive Allele
Dominant Allele
Homozygous
Genetic made up an organism... What you can't see
Lower case letters expressed when there is no dominant
Capital letters always expressed wen present
Both letters(alleles)are the same
Geotype
Genetic made up an organism... What you can't see
Recessive Allele
Lower case letters expressed when there is no dominant
Biology Review
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
fitness
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
measure of an organisms ability to survive and produce offspr…
Evolution
change in a species over time
Artificial Selection
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Review
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The Lag Period.
Exponential Population Growth. ... No lim…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
272 terms
BIOLOGY STAAR REVIEW
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
55 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
synthesize
Define organic molecules and give four…
Types and number of bonds formed by ca…
What are hydrocarbons?
create, produce
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
4 single bonds, 2 double bonds, 1 double bond plus 2 single b…
They are compounds/molecules that only contains carbon and hy…
synthesize
create, produce
Define organic molecules and give four…
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
Biology Review
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
ATP
organisms that make their own food
organisms that obtain energy from food they consume
energy-carrying molecule that contains 3 phosphate groups
the basic energy source used by all types of cells
Autotroph
organisms that make their own food
Heterotroph
organisms that obtain energy from food they consume
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
17 terms
Biology review
Mitochondria
Enzyme acting on substrate
Virus
Photosynthesis
Mitochondria
Enzyme acting on substrate
19 terms
Biology Unit 2 Review
Why is a cell's size limited?
Cancer
Regulatory Proteins
Smoking, Radiation Exposure, and Viral…
Not enough DNA to support the cell's functions, Homeostasis i…
Uncontrolled cell growth
Help control the cell cycle both inside and outside the cell.
Causes of cancer
Why is a cell's size limited?
Not enough DNA to support the cell's functions, Homeostasis i…
Cancer
Uncontrolled cell growth
192 terms
Biology Fall Semester Review
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
consists of a cell-growth period in which DNA is synthesized…
a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of…
the division of the cytoplasm of a cell
one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA…
cell cycle
consists of a cell-growth period in which DNA is synthesized…
mitosis
a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of…
32 terms
Biochemistry Review -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
20 terms
biology review
keystone species
biomass
climax community
weather
A keystone species is a plant or animal that plays a unique a…
Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recent…
Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recent…
the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards he…
keystone species
A keystone species is a plant or animal that plays a unique a…
biomass
Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recent…
17 terms
Macromolecules Review- Biology
Polymers
monosaccaride
Four classes of macromolecules
Lipids
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
monosaccaride
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
biology review
1. The variable of an experiment that…
3. A well-tested explanation that unif…
1. List characteristics of living thin…
2. A multicellular organism's cells ha…
dependent variable
scientific theory
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow and develop... 4. reprodu…
perform
1. The variable of an experiment that…
dependent variable
3. A well-tested explanation that unif…
scientific theory
Biology review
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
capillary action
That attraction between a partially charged hydrogen atom wit…
attraction of water to itself
attraction of water to other substances
due to adhesion and helps water move long distance
hydrogen bond
That attraction between a partially charged hydrogen atom wit…
cohesion
attraction of water to itself
54 terms
Biology Review
What did Linnaeus base his classificat…
What was Cuvier's attempt to explain t…
What did people prior to Lyell and Dar…
Long necks and high forelimbs of giraf…
Morphology and anatomy
Catastrophism
The Earth was 6,000 years old and populations were unchanging
Lamarckism
What did Linnaeus base his classificat…
Morphology and anatomy
What was Cuvier's attempt to explain t…
Catastrophism
BIOLOGY STAAR REVIEW
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
Final Review Biology
all living cells
anaerobic
photosynthesis
aerobic
Where does cellular respiration occur?
cell respiration that doesn't use oxygen
plants converts light energy into sugar for food
Process of cell respiration that uses oxygen
all living cells
Where does cellular respiration occur?
anaerobic
cell respiration that doesn't use oxygen
Biology Final Exam Review
Natural Selection
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Mutation
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Change in a kind of organism over time.
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolutio…
A change in the nucleotide-base sequence of a gene or DNA mol…
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time.
75 terms
Biology Review
MATTER
Mass
Weight
ATOM
anything that takes up space and has mass
measures the amount of matter an object has (doesn't change)
the pull of gravity on the mass of an object (changes based o…
the fundamental unit of matter
MATTER
anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
measures the amount of matter an object has (doesn't change)
Biology review
Atom
Element
4 most common elements in living cells
Monomer
The basic, smallest particle from which all elements are made.
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
H Hydrogen... O Oxygen... C Carbon... N Nitrogen
The smallest chemical sub-unit of an organic molecule:... a subu…
Atom
The basic, smallest particle from which all elements are made.
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
279 terms
Biology Review
acid rain
biodiversity
exotic species
global warming
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
species that is introduced (usually by human actions) into a…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
acid rain
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
biology review
independent variable
dependent variable
control group
homeostasis
the variable that is changed on purpose
the variable that is measured at the end of the experiment
the group that does not receive any changes, used as a standard
maintaining an internal balance
independent variable
the variable that is changed on purpose
dependent variable
the variable that is measured at the end of the experiment
114 terms
Biology Midterm Review
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Catalyst
Enzyme
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
(monosaccharides) main source of energy for the cell; 1 gram…
used in enzymes to lower the activation energy and speed up t…
Protein and Catalyst; have an active site and a substrate
Amino Acid
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
Carbohydrate
(monosaccharides) main source of energy for the cell; 1 gram…
153 terms
Biology 101 Review
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
Cell
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
What is the basic unit of life?
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
18 terms
Biology Review
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Phospholipid
Monosaccharides
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA)
important molecule that supplies energy to the cell
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
Monomers of carbohydrates. (example = glucose)
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, whic…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
important molecule that supplies energy to the cell
Phospholipid
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
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