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Study sets matching "bio quiz review"

20 terms
Biology Review
CARBOHYDRATES
LIPIDS
PROTEIN
POLYMER
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids a…
Macromolecule containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitroge…
Large molecule consisting of many identical or similar molecu…
CARBOHYDRATES
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms…
LIPIDS
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids a…
18 terms
Biology Review
aerobic
anerobic
chloroplast
photosynthesis
with oxygen
without oxygen
found in plants
process by plants to make energy
aerobic
with oxygen
anerobic
without oxygen
209 terms
biology review
dependent variable
bias, opinion
scientific theory
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow…
1. The variable of an experiment that is deliberately changed…
2. A particular preference or point of view that is personal,…
3. A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of ob…
1. List characteristics of living things.
dependent variable
1. The variable of an experiment that is deliberately changed…
bias, opinion
2. A particular preference or point of view that is personal,…
72 terms
Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
47 terms
Biology Review
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosome
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
214 terms
biology review
1. The variable of an experiment that…
2. A particular preference or point of…
3. A well-tested explanation that unif…
1. List characteristics of living thin…
dependent variable
bias, opinion
scientific theory
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow and develop... 4. reprodu…
1. The variable of an experiment that…
dependent variable
2. A particular preference or point of…
bias, opinion
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Test Review
thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
thermal energy
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
energy cannot be converted without the "loss" of usable energy
"lost" energy is not really lost but is converted to...
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
Biology Final Review
DNA
store and transmit genetic information
sugar
two chains in a double helix
Each organism has a unique combination of characteristics enc…
Primary function of DNA
What does the pentagon represent
The structure of DNA is
DNA
Each organism has a unique combination of characteristics enc…
store and transmit genetic information
Primary function of DNA
32 terms
Biochemistry Review -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Review
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The Lag Period.
Exponential Population Growth. ... No lim…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
55 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
synthesize
Define organic molecules and give four…
Types and number of bonds formed by ca…
What are hydrocarbons?
create, produce
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
4 single bonds, 2 double bonds, 1 double bond plus 2 single b…
They are compounds/molecules that only contains carbon and hy…
synthesize
create, produce
Define organic molecules and give four…
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
47 terms
Biology Review
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosome
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
272 terms
BIOLOGY STAAR REVIEW
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
30 terms
Biology Midterm Review
Science
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Observation
A way of knowing
A series of logical steps that is followed in order to solve…
A proposed answer to a question. Is written as a If.... (Inde…
Information obtained through the senses
Science
A way of knowing
Scientific Method
A series of logical steps that is followed in order to solve…
19 terms
Biology Unit 2 Review
Why is a cell's size limited?
Cancer
Regulatory Proteins
Smoking, Radiation Exposure, and Viral…
Not enough DNA to support the cell's functions, Homeostasis i…
Uncontrolled cell growth
Help control the cell cycle both inside and outside the cell.
Causes of cancer
Why is a cell's size limited?
Not enough DNA to support the cell's functions, Homeostasis i…
Cancer
Uncontrolled cell growth
55 terms
Biology final review set
homeostasis
amino acids
monosaccharide
nucleotide
Maintaining stable internal conditions when the environment c…
building blocks of proteins
homeostasis
Maintaining stable internal conditions when the environment c…
amino acids
building blocks of proteins
18 terms
Biology Review
Geotype
Recessive Allele
Dominant Allele
Homozygous
Genetic made up an organism... What you can't see
Lower case letters expressed when there is no dominant
Capital letters always expressed wen present
Both letters(alleles)are the same
Geotype
Genetic made up an organism... What you can't see
Recessive Allele
Lower case letters expressed when there is no dominant
13 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Review
Biology Ch. 7 Review
what type of genetic inheritance are b…
incomplete dominance
recessive disorder is
...
Multiple alleles - more that 2 alleles are available for that…
Red and white flowers can produce pink flowers... RR-red ... R'R'-w…
expressed ONLY when an individual is homozygous recessive for…
Biology Ch. 7 Review
...
what type of genetic inheritance are b…
Multiple alleles - more that 2 alleles are available for that…
79 terms
Final Review Biology
all living cells
anaerobic
photosynthesis
aerobic
Where does cellular respiration occur?
cell respiration that doesn't use oxygen
plants converts light energy into sugar for food
Process of cell respiration that uses oxygen
all living cells
Where does cellular respiration occur?
anaerobic
cell respiration that doesn't use oxygen
17 terms
Macromolecules Review- Biology
Polymers
monosaccaride
Four classes of macromolecules
Lipids
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
monosaccaride
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
61 terms
Biology Review
ribosomes
rough er
smooth er
golgi complex
make protein
factory floor for ribosomes, lattice to building proteins
makes lipids breaks down toxins
discovered by Camilla Golgi by staining cells, takes info pro…
ribosomes
make protein
rough er
factory floor for ribosomes, lattice to building proteins
272 terms
BIOLOGY STAAR REVIEW
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
279 terms
Biology Review
acid rain
biodiversity
exotic species
global warming
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
species that is introduced (usually by human actions) into a…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
acid rain
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
35 terms
biology review
independent variable
dependent variable
control group
homeostasis
the variable that is changed on purpose
the variable that is measured at the end of the experiment
the group that does not receive any changes, used as a standard
maintaining an internal balance
independent variable
the variable that is changed on purpose
dependent variable
the variable that is measured at the end of the experiment
18 terms
Biology Review
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Phospholipid
Monosaccharides
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA)
important molecule that supplies energy to the cell
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
Monomers of carbohydrates. (example = glucose)
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, whic…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
important molecule that supplies energy to the cell
Phospholipid
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
42 terms
Biology Ch. 6 Review
Biology Ch. 6 Review
a diploid cell is
type of cells that are diploid
a haploid cell is
...
a sex cell that has 2 copies of each chromosome
zygotes that can go through meiosis; body cells that have 2 c…
a sex cell that has one copy of every set of chromosome.
Biology Ch. 6 Review
...
a diploid cell is
a sex cell that has 2 copies of each chromosome
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
25 terms
Biology Chapter 1 - Review
Suffering, disease, and disasters occu…
Our attitude toward studying science s…
Learning the truth about God's world w…
A scientific idea that contradicts Scr…
They are the consequences of man's choice to disobey God.
Interest in learning all we can about God's world
Enhance our relationship with God
Fallacy
Suffering, disease, and disasters occu…
They are the consequences of man's choice to disobey God.
Our attitude toward studying science s…
Interest in learning all we can about God's world
31 terms
Biology Review
prokaryote
eukaryote
cell wall
cell membrane
unicellular bacteria without membrane bounded organelles
protist, fungi, plant, and animals with membrane bounded orga…
found only in bacteria and plant cells
helps to maintain homeostasis
prokaryote
unicellular bacteria without membrane bounded organelles
eukaryote
protist, fungi, plant, and animals with membrane bounded orga…
23 terms
Biology review
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
capillary action
That attraction between a partially charged hydrogen atom wit…
attraction of water to itself
attraction of water to other substances
due to adhesion and helps water move long distance
hydrogen bond
That attraction between a partially charged hydrogen atom wit…
cohesion
attraction of water to itself
54 terms
Biology Review
What did Linnaeus base his classificat…
What was Cuvier's attempt to explain t…
What did people prior to Lyell and Dar…
Long necks and high forelimbs of giraf…
Morphology and anatomy
Catastrophism
The Earth was 6,000 years old and populations were unchanging
Lamarckism
What did Linnaeus base his classificat…
Morphology and anatomy
What was Cuvier's attempt to explain t…
Catastrophism
20 terms
biology review
keystone species
biomass
climax community
weather
A keystone species is a plant or animal that plays a unique a…
Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recent…
Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recent…
the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards he…
keystone species
A keystone species is a plant or animal that plays a unique a…
biomass
Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recent…
114 terms
Biology Midterm Review
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Catalyst
Enzyme
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
(monosaccharides) main source of energy for the cell; 1 gram…
used in enzymes to lower the activation energy and speed up t…
Protein and Catalyst; have an active site and a substrate
Amino Acid
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
Carbohydrate
(monosaccharides) main source of energy for the cell; 1 gram…
90 terms
Biology Semester Vocab review
Awesome
Osmosis
Mark and recapture
Random Sampling
Mr Cerveny's Biology class
Diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane
Method for estimating a population of MOBILE organisms
Method for estimating population size of immobile organisms l…
Awesome
Mr Cerveny's Biology class
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane
148 terms
AP Biology Review
Dehydration
Hydrolysis
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
glucose + glucose = maltose / glucose + fructose = sucrose /…
Plants: starch (energy) and cellulose (structure)... Animals: gl…
Dehydration
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
Hydrolysis
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
75 terms
Biology Review
MATTER
Mass
Weight
ATOM
anything that takes up space and has mass
measures the amount of matter an object has (doesn't change)
the pull of gravity on the mass of an object (changes based o…
the fundamental unit of matter
MATTER
anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
measures the amount of matter an object has (doesn't change)
46 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
What is the control center for most ce…
Who first identified cork "cells"?
The cytoplasm's long tubular extension…
Several tissues grouped together and w…
nucleus
Robert Hooke
flagella
organ
What is the control center for most ce…
nucleus
Who first identified cork "cells"?
Robert Hooke
93 terms
Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
17 terms
Biology review
Atom
Element
4 most common elements in living cells
Monomer
The basic, smallest particle from which all elements are made.
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
H Hydrogen... O Oxygen... C Carbon... N Nitrogen
The smallest chemical sub-unit of an organic molecule:... a subu…
Atom
The basic, smallest particle from which all elements are made.
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
253 terms
BIOLOGY STAAR REVIEW
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
373 terms
Biology CLEP - Review
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Eukaryotic Cell
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
130 terms
AP Biology - Ecology Review
ecology
population
community
ecosystem
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
group of populations of different species living in the same…
interrelationships between organisms in a community and their…
ecology
study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and thei…
population
group of individuals of the same species living in the same a…
35 terms
Biology Review
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
Biological Community
all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth where life exists
group of ecosystems that share similar climates and organisms
all of the organisms that live in a place, together with thei…
an interacting group of interacting populations that occupy t…
Biosphere
all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth where life exists
Biome
group of ecosystems that share similar climates and organisms
172 terms
Biology Semester 1 Review
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (also called cell memb…
organelle
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
a small component of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a me…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
74 terms
Biology EOC Review
Predation
Mutualism
Parasitism
Commensalism
The preying of one animal on others
A relationship between two organisms where both organisms ben…
A relationship between two organisms where one organism benef…
A relationship between two organisms where one benefits and t…
Predation
The preying of one animal on others
Mutualism
A relationship between two organisms where both organisms ben…
74 terms
biology review
homeostasis
low power objective lens
enzyme
metabolism
the maintenance of a stable internal state
one of the objective lenses, 4x
catalyst that speeds up the rate of a reaction
the sum of all processes, includes cell respiration
homeostasis
the maintenance of a stable internal state
low power objective lens
one of the objective lenses, 4x
73 terms
Biology Review
Cell Theory-
Cytoplasm-
Organelles-
Prokaryotic Cells-
all organisms are made of cells, the basic unit of life and a…
jellylike substance that contains molecules and organelles
membrane bound structures that are specialized within a cell
cell without a nucleus and organelles
Cell Theory-
all organisms are made of cells, the basic unit of life and a…
Cytoplasm-
jellylike substance that contains molecules and organelles
118 terms
Biology Review
predator
prey
competition
ecosystem
A consumer that hunts and eats another animal
An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
A common demand by two or more organisms upon a limited suppl…
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
predator
A consumer that hunts and eats another animal
prey
An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
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