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Study sets matching "bio vocab ib biology"

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Study sets matching "bio vocab ib biology"

10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
33 terms
IB Biology Molecular bio practice
4 most occurring elements in nature
Other essential elements
Use of sulfur:
Use of calcium:
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
In proteins (amino acids)
For muscles
4 most occurring elements in nature
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Other essential elements
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
57 terms
IB Bio: Plant Biology
Importance of plants
Characteristics of all plants
Characteristics of land plants
Rhizoids
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
Support and anchorage... Vascular tissue to conduct nutrients/wa…
Hair-like structures on mosses and ferns... Act like roots to an…
Importance of plants
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Characteristics of all plants
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
40 terms
IB biology: cell bio
7 functions of life
cell theory
Hooke
vanLeewenhoek
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
looked at cork under microscope, he named and discovered cells
father of microscopy, first to observe and describe single ce…
7 functions of life
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cell theory
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
50 terms
IB Bio - Cell Biology & Genetics
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Endosymbiotic Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
Cells with a true nucleus... Their DNA is composed of many linea…
The theory is that a large host cell ingested small cells (po…
The Cell Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
146 terms
Topic 2 - Molecular biology (IB Bio 2014)
Amino acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrates
Catabolism
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
organic compounds with the general formula (CH2O)n, including…
the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules, in…
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
132 terms
IB BIO 2 - Molecular biology (For 12th Final)
Urea
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Comes from urine... When we have TOO MUCH amino acids in our bod…
organic compounds... - general formula (CH2O)n, (including sugar…
organic compounds (fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglyceri…
organic molecule made of chains of amino acids... -all contain C…
Urea
Comes from urine... When we have TOO MUCH amino acids in our bod…
Carbohydrates
organic compounds... - general formula (CH2O)n, (including sugar…
102 terms
IB BIO 1 Cell Biology (For 12th Final)
Cell theory
Common features of cells (4)
Exception to cell theory (1)
Exception to cell theory (2)
Cells are the smallest possible units of life... Living organism…
- Every cell is surrounded by a MEMBRANE (separator)... - Contai…
Skeletal muscle... Made of muscle fibre. They are inside a membr…
Giant algae... Grow to large sizes, but only have 1 nucleus so a…
Cell theory
Cells are the smallest possible units of life... Living organism…
Common features of cells (4)
- Every cell is surrounded by a MEMBRANE (separator)... - Contai…
150 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
25 terms
Topic 9 - Plant biology (IB Bio 2014)
Adhesive property
Capillary tubing
Cohesive property
Osmosis
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
the sticking together of similar molecules, such as one water…
net movement of water molecules through a semi-permeable memb…
Adhesive property
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
Capillary tubing
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
146 terms
Topic 2 - Molecular biology (IB Bio 2014)
Amino acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrates
Catabolism
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
organic compounds with the general formula (CH2O)n, including…
the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules, in…
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
25 terms
Topic 9 - Plant biology (IB Bio 2014)
Adhesive property
Capillary tubing
Cohesive property
Osmosis
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
the sticking together of similar molecules, such as one water…
net movement of water molecules through a semi-permeable memb…
Adhesive property
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
Capillary tubing
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
14 terms
Cell Biology IB Bio SL
Features of all cells
Cell Theory
7 characteristics of life
Metabolism
- DNA... - Cytoplasm... - Cell/plasma membrane... - Ribosomes
1. Cells are building blocks of structure in living things... 2.…
1. Metabolism... 2. Growth... 3. Response... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Nutriti…
chemical reactions
Features of all cells
- DNA... - Cytoplasm... - Cell/plasma membrane... - Ribosomes
Cell Theory
1. Cells are building blocks of structure in living things... 2.…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
IB Bio: CelL Biology
Cell theory
Robert Hooke
Antoine Van Leevwenhoek
Schleiden & Schwann
- Smallest unit of life... - All living things are made of cells…
Made the word "cell"
Master microscope maker, used the term "animalcules", becomes…
Disproves "spontaneous generation"
Cell theory
- Smallest unit of life... - All living things are made of cells…
Robert Hooke
Made the word "cell"
39 terms
2.1 IB Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
lipids
glucose
Proteins
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Monosaccharide, (6 carbon ring), C6H12O6. Can be alpha or bet…
Contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and additionally…
Carbohydrates
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
lipids
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
19 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Transpiration
Mesophyl
Epidermis
Why are pores needed in the epidermis
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
Secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to the leaf. Preven…
Needed for CO2 to enter the leaf and O2 to leave
Transpiration
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Mesophyl
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
55 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Why do evergreens have a cone shape?
What is the role of adhesion in transp…
Promote
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
The bottom of the tree has low levels of auxin which promotes…
Adhesion causes water molecules to stick to the inside of the…
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
Promote
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
22 terms
IB Bio Molecular Biology Test
Distinguish between organic and inorga…
List three examples of: monosaccharides
List three examples of disaccharides
List three examples of polysaccharides
An organic compound is a compound that contains carbon and is…
Ribose, glucose, fructose
Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Starch, cellulose, glycogen
Distinguish between organic and inorga…
An organic compound is a compound that contains carbon and is…
List three examples of: monosaccharides
Ribose, glucose, fructose
53 terms
IB Bio Molecular Biology Test
Falsification of theories
How many bonds can carbon make?
Molecular Biology
Catabolism, Anabolism, Metabolism
Artificial synthesis of urea helped to falsify vitalism. Vita…
4 covalent bonds (allowing a diversity of stable compounds to…
-It explains living processes in terms of the chemical substa…
Catabolism- breaking down of complex molecules to simpler. (h…
Falsification of theories
Artificial synthesis of urea helped to falsify vitalism. Vita…
How many bonds can carbon make?
4 covalent bonds (allowing a diversity of stable compounds to…
507 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary Review
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Functions of life
Multicellular organisms
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
- Nutrition... - Growth (increases in size and dry mass)... - Respo…
If a cell becomes too large, it may not be able to take in es…
Cell theory
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
Exceptions to cell theory
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
21 terms
IB Bio Topic 2: Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Life is based upon..
Metabolism
urea
explains the living process in terms of the chemical substanc…
carbon compounds including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, a…
the web of all the enzyme catalysed molecules from simpler mo…
a waste compound produced y living organisms that can be arti…
Molecular Biology
explains the living process in terms of the chemical substanc…
Life is based upon..
carbon compounds including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, a…
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
45 terms
IB Bio Quiz #1: Molecular Biology
amino acid
carbohydrate
carboxyl groups
disaccaride
only 20 different kinds: 12 can be synthesized from the body,…
Broken down to simple sugars... "Compound containing carbon, hyd…
COOH A functional group consisting of an oxygen atom double b…
sugar molecule: two monosaccarides linked together by dehydra…
amino acid
only 20 different kinds: 12 can be synthesized from the body,…
carbohydrate
Broken down to simple sugars... "Compound containing carbon, hyd…
18 terms
IB Bio Vocabulary Words
Controlled Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Controlled Variables
An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with…
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
The variable we can measure
The variables which are held constant... variables in an experim…
Controlled Experiment
An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with…
Independent Variable
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
25 terms
IB Biology II BioChem Exam
Carbon Atoms: Form 4 COVALENT BONDS an…
Carbon Compounds are the basis for life
Metabolism: A series of reactions cata…
Monomers are: Simple units that are li…
...
...
...
...
Carbon Atoms: Form 4 COVALENT BONDS an…
...
Carbon Compounds are the basis for life
...
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
47 terms
IB BIO 9 Plant Biology
roots
Mesophyll
epidermis
leaves
anchor the plant... absorb nutrients from the soil
provides a moist large surface for gas exchange
secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to reduce excessive…
produce sugars (by photosynthesis)
roots
anchor the plant... absorb nutrients from the soil
Mesophyll
provides a moist large surface for gas exchange
96 terms
IB Biology HL Vocabulary
Active Transport
Active Site
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic Respiration
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
A nucleotide, present in every living cell, formed in photosy…
Respiration requiring oxygen, involving oxidation of glucose…
Active Transport
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
Active Site
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
66 terms
IB Bio HL 2 - Plant Biology
plant leaves
cuticle
stomata/stoma
veins
designed to absorb radiant energy and optimize rate of photos…
waxy layer located on the top and bottom of the leaf; helps r…
openings in the plan leaf that allow gas exchange and facilit…
contain vessels for transporting water and nutrients througho…
plant leaves
designed to absorb radiant energy and optimize rate of photos…
cuticle
waxy layer located on the top and bottom of the leaf; helps r…
507 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary Review
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Functions of life
Multicellular organisms
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
- Nutrition... - Growth (increases in size and dry mass)... - Respo…
If a cell becomes too large, it may not be able to take in es…
Cell theory
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
Exceptions to cell theory
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
26 terms
IB Bio Command Terms: Biology
Define
Draw
Label
List
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, or physical quant…
Represent by means of a labelled, accurate diagram or graph,…
add labels to diagram
give a sequence of brief answers with no explanation
Define
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, or physical quant…
Draw
Represent by means of a labelled, accurate diagram or graph,…
25 terms
IB Bio 1 (Chemistry in Biology)
What is a Hydrogen bond?
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
What are Van Der Waals interactions?
attraction btwn. partially pos. H in H2O and partially neg. O…
S- some amino acids... Ca- muscle contraction component in bones…
S- some amino acids... Ca- cofactor in enzyme... P- phosphate group…
Temporary and weak bonds; molecule that is nonpolar can becom…
What is a Hydrogen bond?
attraction btwn. partially pos. H in H2O and partially neg. O…
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
S- some amino acids... Ca- muscle contraction component in bones…
26 terms
IB Bio Cell Biology Vocab
Cell Theory
Exception to Cell Theory
Louis Pasteur
Endosymbiotic Theory
1. Cell's make up all living organisms... 2. Smallest functional…
Skeletal Muscles - Multiple nuclei in one cell
Experiment involved broth in glass flasks. Boil a few of them…
The theory that chloroplasts and mitochondria were once indiv…
Cell Theory
1. Cell's make up all living organisms... 2. Smallest functional…
Exception to Cell Theory
Skeletal Muscles - Multiple nuclei in one cell
33 terms
IB Bio Vocabulary - 2.4 Proteins
Albumin
Amino acids
Amino group
Carboxylic group
the main protein of human plasma. Its main function is to reg…
building block of proteins consisting of the basic amino grou…
NH2
COOH
Albumin
the main protein of human plasma. Its main function is to reg…
Amino acids
building block of proteins consisting of the basic amino grou…
27 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary - JOHNSON
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
a polysaccharide of beta-glucose monomers in plant cells, con…
formation (synthesis) of larger molecules involving the remov…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
41 terms
MVHS Biology IB2 Plant Vocabulary
Sepal
petal
pistil
stigma
1
8
4
Sepal
petal
1
9 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary
Differentiation
Stem Cells
Pluripotent Stem Cells
Embryonic Stem Cells
Action or process of differentiating
undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is cap…
cells taken from any tissue from a child or adult; behave lik…
derived from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst
Differentiation
Action or process of differentiating
Stem Cells
undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is cap…
88 terms
IB Bio Topic 2 - Molecular biology
Essential elements
What is an organic compound?
How many bonds is carbon able to form?
In what way do the covalent bonds bene…
H, C, N, O
A compound containing carbon
4 covalent bonds
It gives them stability and diversity
Essential elements
H, C, N, O
What is an organic compound?
A compound containing carbon
66 terms
IB Bio Chap 2 Molecular Biology
What are the 4 biochemical groupings?
What is organic chemistry?
What are the subcomponents of carbohyd…
What are the subcomponents of lipids?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
It is the study of compounds containing carbon. Most molecule…
Monosaccharides
Fatty acids, glycerol, phosphate groups
What are the 4 biochemical groupings?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
What is organic chemistry?
It is the study of compounds containing carbon. Most molecule…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
24 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
a polysaccharide with the formula (C6H10O5)n, consisting of a…
formation of larger molecules involving the removal of water…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components…
18 terms
IB BIO-cell biology exam
Which of the following will contribute…
A red blood cell is 8 um in a diameter…
A cell has cytoplasm, a cell wall, nak…
Human liver cell and escherichia coli…
•Living organisms are composed of cells... • cells are the small…
0.8 mm
Bacterium
• containsDNA associated with protein... • contains naked DNA
Which of the following will contribute…
•Living organisms are composed of cells... • cells are the small…
A red blood cell is 8 um in a diameter…
0.8 mm
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