Study sets matching "bio vocab ib biology"

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Study sets matching "bio vocab ib biology"

33 terms
IB Biology Molecular bio practice
4 most occurring elements in nature
Other essential elements
Use of sulfur:
Use of calcium:
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
In proteins (amino acids)
For muscles
4 most occurring elements in nature
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Other essential elements
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
57 terms
IB Bio: Plant Biology
Importance of plants
Characteristics of all plants
Characteristics of land plants
Rhizoids
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
Support and anchorage... Vascular tissue to conduct nutrients/wa…
Hair-like structures on mosses and ferns... Act like roots to an…
Importance of plants
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Characteristics of all plants
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
40 terms
IB biology: cell bio
7 functions of life
cell theory
Hooke
vanLeewenhoek
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
looked at cork under microscope, he named and discovered cells
father of microscopy, first to observe and describe single ce…
7 functions of life
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cell theory
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
146 terms
Topic 2 - Molecular biology (IB Bio 2014)
Amino acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrates
Catabolism
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
organic compounds with the general formula (CH2O)n, including…
the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules, in…
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
132 terms
IB BIO 2 - Molecular biology (For 12th Final)
Urea
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Comes from urine... When we have TOO MUCH amino acids in our bod…
organic compounds... - general formula (CH2O)n, (including sugar…
organic compounds (fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglyceri…
organic molecule made of chains of amino acids... -all contain C…
Urea
Comes from urine... When we have TOO MUCH amino acids in our bod…
Carbohydrates
organic compounds... - general formula (CH2O)n, (including sugar…
IB SL Bio- Molecular Biology
molecular biology
carbon
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
the study of living processes in terms of the chemicals invol…
forms many different compounds due to four available covalent…
carbon based molecules that are made in living organisms
any molecule that is produced through non-living means, e.g.…
molecular biology
the study of living processes in terms of the chemicals invol…
carbon
forms many different compounds due to four available covalent…
50 terms
IB Bio - Cell Biology & Genetics
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Endosymbiotic Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
Cells with a true nucleus... Their DNA is composed of many linea…
The theory is that a large host cell ingested small cells (po…
The Cell Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
102 terms
IB BIO 1 Cell Biology (For 12th Final)
Cell theory
Common features of cells (4)
Exception to cell theory (1)
Exception to cell theory (2)
Cells are the smallest possible units of life... Living organism…
- Every cell is surrounded by a MEMBRANE (separator)... - Contai…
Skeletal muscle... Made of muscle fibre. They are inside a membr…
Giant algae... Grow to large sizes, but only have 1 nucleus so a…
Cell theory
Cells are the smallest possible units of life... Living organism…
Common features of cells (4)
- Every cell is surrounded by a MEMBRANE (separator)... - Contai…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
25 terms
Topic 9 - Plant biology (IB Bio 2014)
Adhesive property
Capillary tubing
Cohesive property
Osmosis
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
the sticking together of similar molecules, such as one water…
net movement of water molecules through a semi-permeable memb…
Adhesive property
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
Capillary tubing
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
53 terms
IB Bio Molecular Biology Test
Falsification of theories
How many bonds can carbon make?
Molecular Biology
Catabolism, Anabolism, Metabolism
Artificial synthesis of urea helped to falsify vitalism. Vita…
4 covalent bonds (allowing a diversity of stable compounds to…
-It explains living processes in terms of the chemical substa…
Catabolism- breaking down of complex molecules to simpler. (h…
Falsification of theories
Artificial synthesis of urea helped to falsify vitalism. Vita…
How many bonds can carbon make?
4 covalent bonds (allowing a diversity of stable compounds to…
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
33 terms
IB Biology: Cell Bio Syllabus statements
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory.
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
2.1.4 Compare the relative sizes of mo…
The cell theory states that: ... ... All living organisms are com…
When these cells were taken from tissues they were able to su…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms carry out all the func…
A molecule = 1 nm... Thickness of cell membrane = 10 nm... Viruses…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory.
The cell theory states that: ... ... All living organisms are com…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
When these cells were taken from tissues they were able to su…
19 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Transpiration
Mesophyl
Epidermis
Why are pores needed in the epidermis
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
Secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to the leaf. Preven…
Needed for CO2 to enter the leaf and O2 to leave
Transpiration
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Mesophyl
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
507 terms
IB Biology Vocabulary Review
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Functions of life
Multicellular organisms
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
- Nutrition... - Growth (increases in size and dry mass)... - Respo…
If a cell becomes too large, it may not be able to take in es…
Cell theory
1. Cells are the smallest possible units of life... 2. Living or…
Exceptions to cell theory
1. Skeletal muscle - made up of muscle fibers that are enclos…
IB Bio: CelL Biology
Cell theory
Robert Hooke
Antoine Van Leevwenhoek
Schleiden & Schwann
- Smallest unit of life... - All living things are made of cells…
Made the word "cell"
Master microscope maker, used the term "animalcules", becomes…
Disproves "spontaneous generation"
Cell theory
- Smallest unit of life... - All living things are made of cells…
Robert Hooke
Made the word "cell"
47 terms
IB BIO 9 Plant Biology
roots
Mesophyll
epidermis
leaves
anchor the plant... absorb nutrients from the soil
provides a moist large surface for gas exchange
secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to reduce excessive…
produce sugars (by photosynthesis)
roots
anchor the plant... absorb nutrients from the soil
Mesophyll
provides a moist large surface for gas exchange
IB Bio Topic 2: Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Life is based upon..
Metabolism
urea
explains the living process in terms of the chemical substanc…
carbon compounds including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, a…
the web of all the enzyme catalysed molecules from simpler mo…
a waste compound produced y living organisms that can be arti…
Molecular Biology
explains the living process in terms of the chemical substanc…
Life is based upon..
carbon compounds including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, a…
45 terms
IB Bio Quiz #1: Molecular Biology
amino acid
carbohydrate
carboxyl groups
disaccaride
only 20 different kinds: 12 can be synthesized from the body,…
Broken down to simple sugars... "Compound containing carbon, hyd…
COOH A functional group consisting of an oxygen atom double b…
sugar molecule: two monosaccarides linked together by dehydra…
amino acid
only 20 different kinds: 12 can be synthesized from the body,…
carbohydrate
Broken down to simple sugars... "Compound containing carbon, hyd…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
39 terms
2.1 IB Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
lipids
glucose
Proteins
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Monosaccharide, (6 carbon ring), C6H12O6. Can be alpha or bet…
Contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and additionally…
Carbohydrates
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
lipids
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
146 terms
Topic 2 - Molecular biology (IB Bio 2014)
Amino acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrates
Catabolism
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
organic compounds with the general formula (CH2O)n, including…
the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules, in…
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
25 terms
Topic 9 - Plant biology (IB Bio 2014)
Adhesive property
Capillary tubing
Cohesive property
Osmosis
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
the sticking together of similar molecules, such as one water…
net movement of water molecules through a semi-permeable memb…
Adhesive property
the joining of two different substances due to attractive for…
Capillary tubing
a tube of small internal diameter that holds liquid by capill…
66 terms
IB Bio HL 2 - Plant Biology
plant leaves
cuticle
stomata/stoma
veins
designed to absorb radiant energy and optimize rate of photos…
waxy layer located on the top and bottom of the leaf; helps r…
openings in the plan leaf that allow gas exchange and facilit…
contain vessels for transporting water and nutrients througho…
plant leaves
designed to absorb radiant energy and optimize rate of photos…
cuticle
waxy layer located on the top and bottom of the leaf; helps r…
IB Bio Command Terms: Biology
Define
Draw
Label
List
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, or physical quant…
Represent by means of a labelled, accurate diagram or graph,…
add labels to diagram
give a sequence of brief answers with no explanation
Define
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, or physical quant…
Draw
Represent by means of a labelled, accurate diagram or graph,…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
25 terms
IB Bio 1 (Chemistry in Biology)
What is a Hydrogen bond?
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
What are Van Der Waals interactions?
attraction btwn. partially pos. H in H2O and partially neg. O…
S- some amino acids... Ca- muscle contraction component in bones…
S- some amino acids... Ca- cofactor in enzyme... P- phosphate group…
Temporary and weak bonds; molecule that is nonpolar can becom…
What is a Hydrogen bond?
attraction btwn. partially pos. H in H2O and partially neg. O…
What is the role of elements: S, Ca, P…
S- some amino acids... Ca- muscle contraction component in bones…
96 terms
IB Biology HL Vocabulary
Active Transport
Active Site
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic Respiration
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
A nucleotide, present in every living cell, formed in photosy…
Respiration requiring oxygen, involving oxidation of glucose…
Active Transport
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
Active Site
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
55 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Why do evergreens have a cone shape?
What is the role of adhesion in transp…
Promote
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
The bottom of the tree has low levels of auxin which promotes…
Adhesion causes water molecules to stick to the inside of the…
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
Promote
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
IB Bio Molecular Biology Test
Distinguish between organic and inorga…
List three examples of: monosaccharides
List three examples of disaccharides
List three examples of polysaccharides
An organic compound is a compound that contains carbon and is…
Ribose, glucose, fructose
Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Starch, cellulose, glycogen
Distinguish between organic and inorga…
An organic compound is a compound that contains carbon and is…
List three examples of: monosaccharides
Ribose, glucose, fructose
14 terms
Cell Biology IB Bio SL
Features of all cells
Cell Theory
7 characteristics of life
Metabolism
- DNA... - Cytoplasm... - Cell/plasma membrane... - Ribosomes
1. Cells are building blocks of structure in living things... 2.…
1. Metabolism... 2. Growth... 3. Response... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Nutriti…
chemical reactions
Features of all cells
- DNA... - Cytoplasm... - Cell/plasma membrane... - Ribosomes
Cell Theory
1. Cells are building blocks of structure in living things... 2.…
IB Bio Ch. 2 Molecular Biology
Methane
Carbon compunds
Ethanol
Hydroxyl
CH4
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
C2H6O
-O-H... simplified notation: OH
Methane
CH4
Carbon compunds
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
IB Bio Topic 2: Molecular Biology
2.1.1 - State that the most frequently…
2.1.2 - State that a variety of other…
2.1.3 - State one role for each of the…
2.1.4 - Draw and label a diagram showi…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen are the most frequently…
A variety of other elements are needed by living organisms in…
Sulfur is needed for the synthesis of two amino acids. Calciu…
The Hydrogen in this diagram are positive and the oxygen carr…
2.1.1 - State that the most frequently…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen are the most frequently…
2.1.2 - State that a variety of other…
A variety of other elements are needed by living organisms in…
41 terms
Ib Bio Topic 2- Molecular Biology
molecular biology
difference of organic and inorganic co…
How many covalent bonds can carbon form
four carbon compounds
Is used to explain living processes in terms of the chemical…
Organic compounds contain carbon. Inorganic do not contain ca…
4
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
molecular biology
Is used to explain living processes in terms of the chemical…
difference of organic and inorganic co…
Organic compounds contain carbon. Inorganic do not contain ca…
264 terms
IB Biology SL Vocabulary
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant Allele
Recessive Allele
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
The part of a genotype allele which overrides recessive genes…
The part of the genotype which can be overrided and not expre…
Genotype
The combination of the alleles on an organism's genes express…
Phenotype
The expression in traits of a genotype, which is described in…
19 terms
IB Bio Ch. 2 Molecular Biology
Urea
Methane
Carbon compunds
Ethanol
The artificial synthesis of urea helped to falsify vitalism;…
CH4
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
C2H6O
Urea
The artificial synthesis of urea helped to falsify vitalism;…
Methane
CH4
50 terms
IB higher bio - Plant Biology
what is the structure of a leaf?
how and why do the stomata open and cl…
what are the function of the root syst…
basics of transpiration? what, where,…
waxy cuticle -> upper epidermis -> palisade layer (containing…
how - water enters guard cells by osmosis, making them turgid…
- water absorption... - mineral ion absorption (active transport…
- continual loss of water vapour from the leaves and stems of…
what is the structure of a leaf?
waxy cuticle -> upper epidermis -> palisade layer (containing…
how and why do the stomata open and cl…
how - water enters guard cells by osmosis, making them turgid…
66 terms
IB Bio Chap 2 Molecular Biology
What are the 4 biochemical groupings?
What is organic chemistry?
What are the subcomponents of carbohyd…
What are the subcomponents of lipids?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
It is the study of compounds containing carbon. Most molecule…
Monosaccharides
Fatty acids, glycerol, phosphate groups
What are the 4 biochemical groupings?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
What is organic chemistry?
It is the study of compounds containing carbon. Most molecule…
IB Bio Topic 2 - Molecular biology
Essential elements
What is an organic compound?
How many bonds is carbon able to form?
In what way do the covalent bonds bene…
H, C, N, O
A compound containing carbon
4 covalent bonds
It gives them stability and diversity
Essential elements
H, C, N, O
What is an organic compound?
A compound containing carbon
27 terms
IB Biology 2.3 Carbohydrates Vocabulary - JOHNSON
Amylopectin
Amylose
Cellulose
Condensation
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
a polysaccharide of beta-glucose monomers in plant cells, con…
formation (synthesis) of larger molecules involving the remov…
Amylopectin
branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two…
Amylose
a polysaccharide composed of glucose monomers found in plants…
25 terms
IB Biology II BioChem Exam
Carbon Atoms: Form 4 COVALENT BONDS an…
Carbon Compounds are the basis for life
Metabolism: A series of reactions cata…
Monomers are: Simple units that are li…
...
...
...
...
Carbon Atoms: Form 4 COVALENT BONDS an…
...
Carbon Compounds are the basis for life
...
IB Bio Vocabulary Words
Controlled Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Controlled Variables
An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with…
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
The variable we can measure
The variables which are held constant... variables in an experim…
Controlled Experiment
An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with…
Independent Variable
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
40 terms
IB Bio Molecular Biology Ch. 2
Why is carbon considered the basis of…
What are the 4 main groups of organic…
Carbohydrates
Lipids
b/c it can make four covalent bonds that are very stab;e so i…
lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates
-most abundant in nature... -source of energy and short term ene…
-non polar, hydrophobic, variety of forms... -major component of…
Why is carbon considered the basis of…
b/c it can make four covalent bonds that are very stab;e so i…
What are the 4 main groups of organic…
lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates
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