Study sets matching "bio vocab protein synthesis gene"

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Study sets matching "bio vocab protein synthesis gene"

Biology Unit 6 Gene Expression and Protein Synthesis
Central dogma
Codon
mRNA (messenger RNA)
Mutation
states that information flows in one direction from DNA to RN…
- sequence of three nitrogen bases in DNA that codes for an a…
-coding strand of RNA that carries genetic information from t…
- change in DNA sequence
Central dogma
states that information flows in one direction from DNA to RN…
Codon
- sequence of three nitrogen bases in DNA that codes for an a…
38 terms
Biology-protein synthesis and gene expression
RNA
job of RNA-
where is RNA found?
What is the structure of RNA?
ribonucleic acid
Make proteins and transport information( it is able to fit th…
Nucleus, cytoplasm, and ribosome
monomers are called nucleotides with a ribose sugar, phosphat…
RNA
ribonucleic acid
job of RNA-
Make proteins and transport information( it is able to fit th…
10 terms
Biology- gene expression and protein synthesis
mRNA
tRNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transcription
Carries the genetic code from the nucleus to the ribosome
Picks up a specific amino acid from the cytoplasm and brings…
Along with protein gives the structure to the ribosome
When a copy of information is made in the nucleus from a DNA…
mRNA
Carries the genetic code from the nucleus to the ribosome
tRNA
Picks up a specific amino acid from the cytoplasm and brings…
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
50 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
18 terms
Biology - Unit 4 - Genes & Protein Synthesis
Activation Energy
Metabolism
Active Site
Enzyme
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
All of the chemical reactions occurring in an organism
Region of an enzyme where specific binding and association wi…
Specific proteins used to speed up chemical reactions by lowe…
Activation Energy
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions occurring in an organism
28 terms
Biology : DNA, Genes & Protein synthesis
Define 'degenerate code' :
Define 'non-overlapping' :
Define 'universal' :
What are exons?
some amino acids are coded for by more than one base triplet
each base triplet in a sequence is read only once
each triplet codes for the same amino acid in all organisms
coding sequences for amino acids
Define 'degenerate code' :
some amino acids are coded for by more than one base triplet
Define 'non-overlapping' :
each base triplet in a sequence is read only once
38 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
synthesis
protein synthesis
amino acid
polypeptide
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
monomer, or building block, of a polypeptide (protein)
chain of amino acids; a protein contains one or more of these
synthesis
to make
protein synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
42 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
synthesis
protein synthesis
amino acid
polypeptide
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
monomer, or building block, of a polypeptide (protein)
chain of amino acids; a protein contains one or more of these
synthesis
to make
protein synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
36 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
synthesis
protein synthesis
amino acid
polypeptide
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
monomer, or building block, of a polypeptide (protein)
chain of amino acids; a protein contains one or more of these
synthesis
to make
protein synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
18.2 Biology- Protein Synthesis & Gene Expression
Amino acid
Genetic code
Gene expression
Transcription
an organic compound consisting of a carboxylic acid group (CO…
The order of base pairs in a DNA molecule. -Determines how am…
the transfer of genetic information from DNA to RNA to protein.
the first stage of gene expression, in which a strand of mess…
Amino acid
an organic compound consisting of a carboxylic acid group (CO…
Genetic code
The order of base pairs in a DNA molecule. -Determines how am…
50 terms
Biology Review for STARR (Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations)
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
35 terms
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
Small subunits that compose DNA and RNA. ... A nucleotide consis…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
39 terms
Protein Synthesis and Gene Mutations
__________ involved in bringing inform…
The order of the amino acids in a poly…
________ unzips DNA in replication
___________ attaches free floating nuc…
mRNA
nitrogen bases on the nucleotides in the DNA strand.
Helicase
RNA polymerase
__________ involved in bringing inform…
mRNA
The order of the amino acids in a poly…
nitrogen bases on the nucleotides in the DNA strand.
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transformation
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
incorporation of new genes into a cell from DNA that the cell…
chemical units (monomers) of nucleic acid
polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded together
alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which the DNA and…
Transformation
incorporation of new genes into a cell from DNA that the cell…
Nucleotide
chemical units (monomers) of nucleic acid
25 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
mRNA is made during _______
mRNA in made in the ________
DNA is located in the ________
_______ is used to carry the genetic c…
transcription
nucleus
nucleus
mRNA
mRNA is made during _______
transcription
mRNA in made in the ________
nucleus
Gene Technonlgy/Protein Synthesis
20
Shape
sequence
RNA
# of Amino acids in a protein.
Determines the function of Protein.
The __________ of amino acids determines a proteins shape.
Composed of:... a) a single strand... b) sugar: ribose... c) Nitrogen…
20
# of Amino acids in a protein.
Shape
Determines the function of Protein.
24 terms
protein synthesis/gene expression
transcription
translation
ribosome
rRNA
DNA to RNA
RNA to protein
organelle used as surface to build proteins
ribosomal RNA
transcription
DNA to RNA
translation
RNA to protein
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
204 terms
AP Biology Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression
Archibald Garrod
Beadle and Tatum
Neurospora crassa
one-gene one-enzyme (polypeptide) hypo…
was the first to propose the relationship between genes and p…
formulated the one-gene one-enzyme hypothesis from experiment…
the wild type grows on minimal medium; all other molecules ar…
was verified by work done on the structure of hemoglobin in p…
Archibald Garrod
was the first to propose the relationship between genes and p…
Beadle and Tatum
formulated the one-gene one-enzyme hypothesis from experiment…
19 terms
Prefixes Biology- Protein Synthesis and Gene Regulation
anti
hydro
a
cyto
Opposite
Water
Without
Cell
anti
Opposite
hydro
Water
biology protein synthesis vocabulary
dna
rna
protein
nitrogenous bases
deoxiribose nucleic acid, genetic code
ribonuceic acid, guides protein synthesis
organic compound made of amino acids joined by peptide bond,…
adeline, guanine, thymine, cyrosine... a-t c-g
dna
deoxiribose nucleic acid, genetic code
rna
ribonuceic acid, guides protein synthesis
Protein Synthesis & gene mutation
What does RNA stand for?
RNA sugar in the nucleotide is _____
RNA is ___ stranded
Can RNA leave the nucleus?
Ribonucleic Acid
ribose
single
yes
What does RNA stand for?
Ribonucleic Acid
RNA sugar in the nucleotide is _____
ribose
22 terms
protein synthesis and Gene regulation
codon
mRNA... (messenger)
rRNA... (ribosomal)
tRNA... (transfer)
nucleotides that code for a specific amino acid
copies DNA into complementary codons... carries instructions fo…
involved in protein synthesis... makes up the majority of ribos…
carries an anti codon ... transfer amino acid to ribosome
codon
nucleotides that code for a specific amino acid
mRNA... (messenger)
copies DNA into complementary codons... carries instructions fo…
13 terms
General Biology - Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
gene
start codon
stop codon
mRNA
(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a p…
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
UAG, UAA, or UGA; the codon that ends all RNA.
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
gene
(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a p…
start codon
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
53 terms
AP Biology: Protein Synthesis and Gene Regulation
Which two scientists formulated the on…
In _________, molecules of RNA are pro…
In _________, RNA molecules from the n…
__________ carries the blueprint for t…
Beatle and Tatum
transcription
translation
mRNA
Which two scientists formulated the on…
Beatle and Tatum
In _________, molecules of RNA are pro…
transcription
33 terms
biology unit 4 - genes and protein synthesis
describe the contribution made by wats…
describe the contribution made by rosa…
describe the structure of DNA. know wh…
why does the DNA need to replicate? wh…
determined the model DNA was a double helix
studied DNA using x-ray diffraction
DNA is a double helix structure made up of molecules called n…
when old cells die, new cells are made and each cell needs th…
describe the contribution made by wats…
determined the model DNA was a double helix
describe the contribution made by rosa…
studied DNA using x-ray diffraction
36 terms
Biology Unit 8- DNA, GENES, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
What is a gene?
What are some features of the genetic…
What are exons and introns?
How can a change in one base in the DN…
-A section of DNA that contains coded information for the ami…
-Degenerate : because most aa's are coded for more than one t…
-Non-coding interruptions are known as introns ... -Coding seque…
-A different base can code for a different amino acid... -The se…
What is a gene?
-A section of DNA that contains coded information for the ami…
What are some features of the genetic…
-Degenerate : because most aa's are coded for more than one t…
10 Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression
mRNA
tRNA
codon
Transcription
single stranded molecule that carries the DNA code from the n…
ensures the correct amino acid is placed into the protein bas…
a three base sequence of mRNA that codes for a specific amino…
copying of the DNA code into a molecule of mRNA
mRNA
single stranded molecule that carries the DNA code from the n…
tRNA
ensures the correct amino acid is placed into the protein bas…
Unit 06: Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
used as an intermediate by a gene to make follicles
DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
RNA directs the assembly of proteins
forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
used as an intermediate by a gene to make follicles
transcription
DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transcription
Translation
Gene expression
mRNA
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
Is the process by which information from a gene is used in th…
An RNA molecule that carries the message of DNA to the cytopl…
Transcription
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
Translation
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
RNA
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
RNA
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
25 terms
Gene Expression - Proteins and Protein Synthesis
Gene Expression
Transcription
Translation
Template Strand of DNA
The process of rewriting a gene into a protein
Segment of DNA is transcribed into mRNA - takes place in the…
Ribosomes read the mRNA code and decode it to synthesise prot…
Strand of DNA used to make a complementary strand of mRNA whi…
Gene Expression
The process of rewriting a gene into a protein
Transcription
Segment of DNA is transcribed into mRNA - takes place in the…
50 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
50 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
11 terms
Gene Expression (Protein Synthesis)
DNA
RNA
Gene
Trait
A nucleic acid that stores the coded instructions for making…
A single stranded nucleic acid that copies genetic informatio…
A section of DNA that codes for a specific protein
Any heritable physical or behavioral characteristic of an org…
DNA
A nucleic acid that stores the coded instructions for making…
RNA
A single stranded nucleic acid that copies genetic informatio…
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
synthesis
protein synthesis
amino acid
polypeptide
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
monomer, or building block, of a polypeptide (protein)
chain of amino acids; a protein contains one or more of these
synthesis
to make
protein synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
50 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
synthesis
protein synthesis
amino acid
polypeptide
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
monomer, or building block, of a polypeptide (protein)
chain of amino acids; a protein contains one or more of these
synthesis
to make
protein synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
Gene Expression/ Protein Synthesis
Proteins are composed of
Proteins are made with 20 small units…
Polypeptides
RNA vs DNA #1 Double Helix
C, H, O, N
Amino Acids
Long chains of amino acids
DNA
Proteins are composed of
C, H, O, N
Proteins are made with 20 small units…
Amino Acids
38 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
synthesis
protein synthesis
amino acid
polypeptide
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
monomer, or building block, of a polypeptide (protein)
chain of amino acids; a protein contains one or more of these
synthesis
to make
protein synthesis
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
50 terms
Protein Synthesis & Gene Mutations
model
biochemical process
synthesis
protein synthesis
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
to make
to make a polypeptide (protein) through transcription and tra…
model
a representation (drawing or 3D) of an object, law, theory or…
biochemical process
chemical process that occurs in living organisms such as prot…
8 terms
AS Biology OCR - Genes and Protein Synthesis
Genes - Instructions to Make Proteins
Protein Synthesis
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
- A gene is a sequence of DNA nucleotides that code for a pol…
1) DNA molecules are found in the nucleus of the cell but, ri…
- Made in the nucleus ... - Three adjacent bases are called a co…
- Found in the cytoplasm ... - It has an amino acid binding site…
Genes - Instructions to Make Proteins
- A gene is a sequence of DNA nucleotides that code for a pol…
Protein Synthesis
1) DNA molecules are found in the nucleus of the cell but, ri…
Biology 8-DNA, genes and protein synthesis
Gene
Triplet
Degenerate code
Non-overlapping
A section of DNA that contains the coded information for maki…
Three bases which code for an amino acid
Most amino acid's are coded for by more than one triplet
Each base is read only once in triplets
Gene
A section of DNA that contains the coded information for maki…
Triplet
Three bases which code for an amino acid
Gene Expression- Protein Synthesis
Gene
What makes each protein different from…
DNA
RNA
A segment of DNA that codes for a single protein
Gene expression
Is double stranded, contains the bases, A, C, G, and T
Is single stranded, RNA is made of nucleotides that have a ph…
Gene
A segment of DNA that codes for a single protein
What makes each protein different from…
Gene expression
Protein Synthesis - Gene Expression
DNA Stores information as what?
Transcription
Translation
Where is the site of translation?
Nucleotides
DNA to RNA; synthesis of mRNA from DNA
RNA to Protein; mRNA provides information to make a polypeptide
Ribosome; home of tRNA
DNA Stores information as what?
Nucleotides
Transcription
DNA to RNA; synthesis of mRNA from DNA
Protein Synthesis and Gene Regulation
transcription
translation
DNA
RNA
creating RNA from DNA
creating protein from RNA
double stranded; A,T,G,C
single stranded; A,U,G,C
transcription
creating RNA from DNA
translation
creating protein from RNA
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