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Study sets matching "bio vocab protein synthesis"

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Study sets matching "bio vocab protein synthesis"

29 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transformation
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
incorporation of new genes into a cell from DNA that the cell…
chemical units (monomers) of nucleic acid
polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded together
alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which the DNA and…
Transformation
incorporation of new genes into a cell from DNA that the cell…
Nucleotide
chemical units (monomers) of nucleic acid
25 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
mRNA is made during _______
mRNA in made in the ________
DNA is located in the ________
_______ is used to carry the genetic c…
transcription
nucleus
nucleus
mRNA
mRNA is made during _______
transcription
mRNA in made in the ________
nucleus
16 terms
biology protein synthesis vocabulary
dna
rna
protein
nitrogenous bases
deoxiribose nucleic acid, genetic code
ribonuceic acid, guides protein synthesis
organic compound made of amino acids joined by peptide bond,…
adeline, guanine, thymine, cyrosine... a-t c-g
dna
deoxiribose nucleic acid, genetic code
rna
ribonuceic acid, guides protein synthesis
13 terms
General Biology - Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
gene
start codon
stop codon
mRNA
(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a p…
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
UAG, UAA, or UGA; the codon that ends all RNA.
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
gene
(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a p…
start codon
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
Biology Vocabulary: Protein Synthesis
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
RNA
Process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in t…
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
Protein Synthesis
Process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in t…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transcription
Translation
Gene expression
mRNA
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
Is the process by which information from a gene is used in th…
An RNA molecule that carries the message of DNA to the cytopl…
Transcription
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
Translation
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
35 terms
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
Small subunits that compose DNA and RNA. ... A nucleotide consis…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
10 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
protein synthesis
translation
transcription
Codon
the process by which amino acids are arranged into proteins t…
portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosomes; t…
process of synthesizing RNA by using one strand of DNA molecu…
in DNA, a three nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino aci…
protein synthesis
the process by which amino acids are arranged into proteins t…
translation
portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosomes; t…
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
used as an intermediate by a gene to make follicles
DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
RNA directs the assembly of proteins
forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
used as an intermediate by a gene to make follicles
transcription
DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
RNA
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
RNA
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
17 terms
Protein Synthesis (Biology)
Transcription
Translation
Codon
Anti-codon
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Translation
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
15 terms
Biology flashcards ( protein synthesis vocabulary)
Ribose
Codon
Termination signal
Genome
sugar in RNA
Each 3 nucleotide sequence in mRNA that encodes an amino acid…
Specific sequence of nucleotides that marks the end of gene
The complete genetic content
Ribose
sugar in RNA
Codon
Each 3 nucleotide sequence in mRNA that encodes an amino acid…
38 terms
DNA/Protein Synthesis Vocabulary (Biology)
Anticodon
Autosome
Base Paring Rules
Codon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a c…
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Anticodon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a c…
Autosome
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
19 terms
DNA/Protein Synthesis Biology Vocabulary
antiparallel
chromosomal mutation
codon
complementary base pair
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
a structural change in a chromosome
each set of three nitrogen bases in mRNA coding for an amino…
two bonded bases, adenine on one strand bonds with a thymine…
antiparallel
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
chromosomal mutation
a structural change in a chromosome
59 terms
Molecular Biology - Protein Synthesis
Central Dogma
Gene
Primary Structure of Protein
Code
DNA makes RNA, RNA makes proteins
Section of DNA that codes for a functional product, usually a…
Sequence of amino acids
Series of symbols of one kind each with a corresponding meani…
Central Dogma
DNA makes RNA, RNA makes proteins
Gene
Section of DNA that codes for a functional product, usually a…
20 terms
Protein Synthesis - Basic Vocabulary
DNA
RNA
NUCLEOTIDE
mRNA
-nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose... - double he…
-single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the ... - sugar ribo…
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
Product of Transcription
DNA
-nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose... - double he…
RNA
-single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the ... - sugar ribo…
31 terms
Biology - RNA, Protein Synthesis and Mutations
RNA
Gene
mRNA
rRNA
Stands for Ribonucleic Acid
A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determine…
Stands for messenger RNA. This is the RNA molecule that makes…
Stands for ribosomal RNA.
RNA
Stands for Ribonucleic Acid
Gene
A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determine…
38 terms
DNA/ Protein Synthesis Vocabulary - Biology
Anticodon
Autosome
Base pairing Rules
Codon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule binds to a comple…
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid
Anticodon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule binds to a comple…
Autosome
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
21 terms
Honors Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Gene
Codon
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Unit of heredity existing as alleles on the chromosomes; in d…
Three-base sequence in messenger RNA that causes the insertio…
Type of RNA formed from a DNA template and bearing coded info…
Type of RNA that transfers a particular amino acid to a ribos…
Gene
Unit of heredity existing as alleles on the chromosomes; in d…
Codon
Three-base sequence in messenger RNA that causes the insertio…
27 terms
Biology Vocabulary DNA and Protein Synthesis
Double Helix
Nucleotide
Franklin
Chargaff
Shape of DNA molecules
Building blocks of DNA, consisting of a phosphate group, a su…
Took X-ray crystallography photos of DNA structure
Experimentally discovered the amount of A=T and G=C in cells
Double Helix
Shape of DNA molecules
Nucleotide
Building blocks of DNA, consisting of a phosphate group, a su…
12 terms
Verona Area Biology Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogen Base
DNA Replication
Carries the genetic code; exists in the nucleus,
A monomer of nucleic acids, consists of a sugar, phosphate gr…
The sequence carries the genetic code: Adenine, Thymine, Cyto…
The process of copying all of the DNA before cell division so…
DNA
Carries the genetic code; exists in the nucleus,
Nucleotide
A monomer of nucleic acids, consists of a sugar, phosphate gr…
9 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Test (Vocabulary)
Purines
Pyrimidines
Hydrogen Bonds
Mutations
Double ring structures like adenine and gunaine
Single ring structures like thymine and cytosine
One purine and one Pyrimidines bond together via ________ ___…
Changes in DNA
Purines
Double ring structures like adenine and gunaine
Pyrimidines
Single ring structures like thymine and cytosine
10 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Photo 51
Maurice Wilkins
Rosalind Franklin
James Watson
Photo 51
Maurice Wilkins
26 terms
Protein Synthesis BIOLOGY HONORS
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
complementary base pair
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
16 terms
biology (protein synthesis)
two main functions of dna
why is making proteins so important
how is dna used to make a protein
dna
- replication... > dna passes along instructions to next generat…
- enzymes... - protection... > antibodies... - structure... > cytoskeleto…
- dna... - rna
- made of sugar - deoxyribose ... - thymine is the nitrogenous b…
two main functions of dna
- replication... > dna passes along instructions to next generat…
why is making proteins so important
- enzymes... - protection... > antibodies... - structure... > cytoskeleto…
61 terms
AP Biology DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
Helicase
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
The DNA polymerases are enzymes that create DNA molecules by…
Helicases are enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic…
Bacteriophage
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
10 terms
Biology Unit 7 - Protein Synthesis
Central dogma
Codon
mRNA (messenger RNA)
Mutation
thesis that information flows from DNA to RNA to protein
sequence of three nitrogen bases in DNA that codes for an ami…
coding strand of RNA that carries genetic information from th…
changes in DNA sequence
Central dogma
thesis that information flows from DNA to RNA to protein
Codon
sequence of three nitrogen bases in DNA that codes for an ami…
61 terms
AP Biology DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
Helicase
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
The DNA polymerases are enzymes that create DNA molecules by…
Helicases are enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic…
Bacteriophage
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
10 terms
Biology - DNA/Protein Synthesis
DNA is a double helix formed from two…
- To make copies of itself... - To make R…
DNA is the molecule that is used to st…
This is necessary for the two sides to…
DNA structure
DNA function
DNA vs. Chromosomes vs. Genes
Why do strands run in opposite direction? (Antiparallelism)
DNA is a double helix formed from two…
DNA structure
- To make copies of itself... - To make R…
DNA function
10 terms
Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Nucleus
Ribosome
DNA
Transcription
Part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for g…
Part of the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA…
Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose.
Process where an mRNA copy of one side of a DNA gene is made…
Nucleus
Part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for g…
Ribosome
Part of the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA…
39 terms
AP Biology | Protein Synthesis
Transcription
RNA Structure
Types of RNA
Template Strand
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
• mRNA... • tRNA ... • rRNA... • siRNA
Transcribed DNA strand; the strand of DNA that is temporarily…
Transcription
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
RNA Structure
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
26 terms
biology protein synthesis
polypeptides
rRNA
mRNA
tRNA
basic body structure of an organism is determined by a cluste…
(ribosomes) synthesizes proteins
messenger in nucleus ALLOWED TO LEAVE
transfers amino acids to mRNA, only 2 tRNA molecules in ribos…
polypeptides
basic body structure of an organism is determined by a cluste…
rRNA
(ribosomes) synthesizes proteins
15 terms
Biology 12: Protein synthesis
Gene
Central dogma of biology
transcription
mRNA
-The section of DNA that codes for one protein
-one gene codes for one type of protein which does one functi…
-the process of making mRNA by copying the genetic instructio…
-messenger RNA... -molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nu…
Gene
-The section of DNA that codes for one protein
Central dogma of biology
-one gene codes for one type of protein which does one functi…
16 terms
H. Biology - Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
Deoxyribose
Monomer of proteins
3 nitrogen bases on tRNA that complement the nitrogen bases o…
A group of 3 sequential nitrogen bases on an mRNA molecule
Sugar found in DNA
Amino Acid
Monomer of proteins
Anticodon
3 nitrogen bases on tRNA that complement the nitrogen bases o…
15 terms
Biology: Unit 4 - Protein Synthesis, DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid... -2 strands
A subunit of DNA formed from a sugar, a phosphate group, and…
A nitrogen base - thymine bonds with. (A)
deoxyribonucleic acid
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
DNA
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid... -2 strands
17 terms
Leaving Certificate Biology - Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
Codon
Anti-codon
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Translation
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
30 terms
KHS Biology Unit 7: Protein Synthesis
flow of genetic information
transcription
transcription picture
transcription location
DNA ---> mRNA ---> Protein
-first step in protein synthesis... -an mRNA copy of one strand…
in the nucleus, where the DNA is
flow of genetic information
DNA ---> mRNA ---> Protein
transcription
-first step in protein synthesis... -an mRNA copy of one strand…
42 terms
Biology Vocabulary Unit 8: DNA/Protein Synthesis
Gregor Mendel
Frederick Griffith
Griffith proved:
Erwin Chargaff
determined traits are passed by heredity
Worked on a vaccine with 2 DNA strains (one disease causing,…
transformation can transform harmless bacteria into disease c…
discovered that DNA has A=T and G=C
Gregor Mendel
determined traits are passed by heredity
Frederick Griffith
Worked on a vaccine with 2 DNA strains (one disease causing,…
67 terms
Biology; Protein Synthesis
central idea
What makes up a protein?
Define transcription
What molecule is involved in transcrip…
amino acids
The cell's machinery coping the gene sequence into messenger…
RNA
central idea
What makes up a protein?
amino acids
59 terms
Honors Biology: Protein Synthesis
In transcription, ______ makes ______.
In translation, ______ makes _________.
what is a section of DNA called
what do genes contain
DNA, RNA
RNA makes protein
a gene
genetic info and recipes to make a protein
In transcription, ______ makes ______.
DNA, RNA
In translation, ______ makes _________.
RNA makes protein
24 terms
ORHS Biology 2015 Protein Synthesis
RNA
MESSENGER RNA
TRANSFER RNA
RIBOSOMAL RNA
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
Carries copies of DNA's genetic material from the nucleus to…
Transfers and brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein…
RNA that is in the ribosome and guides the translation of mRN…
RNA
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
MESSENGER RNA
Carries copies of DNA's genetic material from the nucleus to…
25 terms
Biology - DNA and Protein Synthesis
Nucleotides
Purine bases
RNA
DNA
Complex chemicals made up of an organic base, a sugar and pho…
Adenine and Guanine
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Nucleotides
Complex chemicals made up of an organic base, a sugar and pho…
Purine bases
Adenine and Guanine
50 terms
Protein Synthesis Biology Review
An enzyme that is required for transcr…
process by which a section of DNA is u…
the process whereby genetic informatio…
Carries the genetic code for a protein…
RNA Polymerase
transcription
translation
mRNA
An enzyme that is required for transcr…
RNA Polymerase
process by which a section of DNA is u…
transcription
25 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis Review
Is every DNA sequence unique? In what…
what is the shape of DNA?
In DNA, A pairs with T and G pairs up…
Code the following DNA strand for its…
Every person has their individualized DNA sequence.... Every org…
Double Helix: resembles a twisted ladder
Thymine
GTACGTAA
Is every DNA sequence unique? In what…
Every person has their individualized DNA sequence.... Every org…
what is the shape of DNA?
Double Helix: resembles a twisted ladder
26 terms
Protein Synthesis BIOLOGY HONORS
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
complementary base pair
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
19 terms
Protein Synthesis Biology
Function of Proteins
Where is DNA stored? Why?
Proteins are made of?
HOW is DNA moved?
1. Enzymes - control chemical reactions... 2. Structure - builds…
In the NUCLEUS, for PROTECTION
amino acids
Original DNA stays in nucleus for protection... mRNA is a copy o…
Function of Proteins
1. Enzymes - control chemical reactions... 2. Structure - builds…
Where is DNA stored? Why?
In the NUCLEUS, for PROTECTION
27 terms
Biology Ch. 13 Vocabulary: RNA & Protein Synthesis
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
consists of long single chains of nucleotides
carries instructions for assembly of amino acids into protein…
combines with proteins to form ribosomes
carries amino acids to a ribosome
RNA
consists of long single chains of nucleotides
messenger RNA
carries instructions for assembly of amino acids into protein…
17 terms
Unit 7 - Protein Synthesis - OCHS Biology
messenger RNA (mRNA)
transcription
nucleus
RNA polymerase
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
synthesis of mRNA from a DNA template (DNA --> mRNA)
location of transcription in a eukaryotic cell
enzyme that creates mRNA using DNA as a template
messenger RNA (mRNA)
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
transcription
synthesis of mRNA from a DNA template (DNA --> mRNA)
12 terms
Verona Area Biology Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogen Base
DNA Replication
Carries the genetic code; Molecule is double stranded, only e…
A monomer of nucleic acids, consists of a sugar, phosphate gr…
The sequence carries the genetic code: Adenine, Thymine, Cyto…
The process of copying all of the DNA before cell division so…
DNA
Carries the genetic code; Molecule is double stranded, only e…
Nucleotide
A monomer of nucleic acids, consists of a sugar, phosphate gr…
16 terms
1 - Protein Synthesis: Vocabulary
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
Codon
... the making of protein from amino acids.
... DNA is coded into mRNA.
... mRNA message is converted into a single strand of amino a…
... set of 3 mRNA base that code for amino acid.
Protein Synthesis
... the making of protein from amino acids.
Transcription
... DNA is coded into mRNA.
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