Study sets matching "bio vocab protein synthesis"

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Study sets matching "bio vocab protein synthesis"

Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transformation
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Sugar-phosphate backbone
incorporation of new genes into a cell from DNA that the cell…
chemical units (monomers) of nucleic acid
polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded together
alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which the DNA and…
Transformation
incorporation of new genes into a cell from DNA that the cell…
Nucleotide
chemical units (monomers) of nucleic acid
35 terms
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
Small subunits that compose DNA and RNA. ... A nucleotide consis…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
25 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
mRNA is made during _______
mRNA in made in the ________
DNA is located in the ________
_______ is used to carry the genetic c…
transcription
nucleus
nucleus
mRNA
mRNA is made during _______
transcription
mRNA in made in the ________
nucleus
biology protein synthesis vocabulary
dna
rna
protein
nitrogenous bases
deoxiribose nucleic acid, genetic code
ribonuceic acid, guides protein synthesis
organic compound made of amino acids joined by peptide bond,…
adeline, guanine, thymine, cyrosine... a-t c-g
dna
deoxiribose nucleic acid, genetic code
rna
ribonuceic acid, guides protein synthesis
13 terms
General Biology - Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
gene
start codon
stop codon
mRNA
(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a p…
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
UAG, UAA, or UGA; the codon that ends all RNA.
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
gene
(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a p…
start codon
AUG; the codon that begins all RNA.
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transcription
Translation
Gene expression
mRNA
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
Is the process by which information from a gene is used in th…
An RNA molecule that carries the message of DNA to the cytopl…
Transcription
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
Translation
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
used as an intermediate by a gene to make follicles
DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
RNA directs the assembly of proteins
forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
used as an intermediate by a gene to make follicles
transcription
DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
39 terms
AP Biology Protein Synthesis
Transcription
RNA Structure
Types of RNA
Template Strand
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
• mRNA... • tRNA ... • rRNA... • siRNA
Transcribed DNA strand; the strand of DNA that is temporarily…
Transcription
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
RNA Structure
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
RNA
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
RNA
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
17 terms
Protein Synthesis (Biology)
Transcription
Translation
Codon
Anti-codon
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Translation
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
Small subunits that compose DNA and RNA. ... A nucleotide consis…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
Biology Vocabulary: Protein Synthesis
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
RNA
Process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in t…
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
Protein Synthesis
Process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in t…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
10 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
protein synthesis
translation
transcription
Codon
the process by which amino acids are arranged into proteins t…
portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosomes; t…
process of synthesizing RNA by using one strand of DNA molecu…
in DNA, a three nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino aci…
protein synthesis
the process by which amino acids are arranged into proteins t…
translation
portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosomes; t…
Biology flashcards ( protein synthesis vocabulary)
Ribose
Codon
Termination signal
Genome
sugar in RNA
Each 3 nucleotide sequence in mRNA that encodes an amino acid…
Specific sequence of nucleotides that marks the end of gene
The complete genetic content
Ribose
sugar in RNA
Codon
Each 3 nucleotide sequence in mRNA that encodes an amino acid…
38 terms
DNA/Protein Synthesis Vocabulary (Biology)
Anticodon
Autosome
Base Paring Rules
Codon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a c…
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Anticodon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a c…
Autosome
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
19 terms
DNA/Protein Synthesis Biology Vocabulary
antiparallel
chromosomal mutation
codon
complementary base pair
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
a structural change in a chromosome
each set of three nitrogen bases in mRNA coding for an amino…
two bonded bases, adenine on one strand bonds with a thymine…
antiparallel
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
chromosomal mutation
a structural change in a chromosome
59 terms
Molecular Biology - Protein Synthesis
Central Dogma
Gene
Primary Structure of Protein
Code
DNA makes RNA, RNA makes proteins
Section of DNA that codes for a functional product, usually a…
Sequence of amino acids
Series of symbols of one kind each with a corresponding meani…
Central Dogma
DNA makes RNA, RNA makes proteins
Gene
Section of DNA that codes for a functional product, usually a…
31 terms
Biology - RNA, Protein Synthesis and Mutations
RNA
Gene
mRNA
rRNA
Stands for Ribonucleic Acid
A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determine…
Stands for messenger RNA. This is the RNA molecule that makes…
Stands for ribosomal RNA.
RNA
Stands for Ribonucleic Acid
Gene
A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determine…
20 terms
Protein Synthesis - Basic Vocabulary
DNA
RNA
NUCLEOTIDE
mRNA
-nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose... - double he…
-single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the ... - sugar ribo…
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
Product of Transcription
DNA
-nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose... - double he…
RNA
-single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the ... - sugar ribo…
21 terms
Honors Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Gene
Codon
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Unit of heredity existing as alleles on the chromosomes; in d…
Three-base sequence in messenger RNA that causes the insertio…
Type of RNA formed from a DNA template and bearing coded info…
Type of RNA that transfers a particular amino acid to a ribos…
Gene
Unit of heredity existing as alleles on the chromosomes; in d…
Codon
Three-base sequence in messenger RNA that causes the insertio…
27 terms
Biology Vocabulary DNA and Protein Synthesis
Double Helix
Nucleotide
Franklin
Chargaff
Shape of DNA molecules
Building blocks of DNA, consisting of a phosphate group, a su…
Took X-ray crystallography photos of DNA structure
Experimentally discovered the amount of A=T and G=C in cells
Double Helix
Shape of DNA molecules
Nucleotide
Building blocks of DNA, consisting of a phosphate group, a su…
Protein Synthesis BIOLOGY HONORS
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
complementary base pair
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
15 terms
Biology: Unit 4 - Protein Synthesis, DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid... -2 strands
A subunit of DNA formed from a sugar, a phosphate group, and…
A nitrogen base - thymine bonds with. (A)
deoxyribonucleic acid
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
DNA
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid... -2 strands
Biology Protein Synthesis Test (Vocabulary)
Purines
Pyrimidines
Hydrogen Bonds
Mutations
Double ring structures like adenine and gunaine
Single ring structures like thymine and cytosine
One purine and one Pyrimidines bond together via ________ ___…
Changes in DNA
Purines
Double ring structures like adenine and gunaine
Pyrimidines
Single ring structures like thymine and cytosine
Verona Area Biology Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogen Base
DNA Replication
Carries the genetic code; exists in the nucleus,
A monomer of nucleic acids, consists of a sugar, phosphate gr…
The sequence carries the genetic code: Adenine, Thymine, Cyto…
The process of copying all of the DNA before cell division so…
DNA
Carries the genetic code; exists in the nucleus,
Nucleotide
A monomer of nucleic acids, consists of a sugar, phosphate gr…
26 terms
Protein Synthesis BIOLOGY HONORS
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
complementary base pair
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
16 terms
biology (protein synthesis)
two main functions of dna
why is making proteins so important
how is dna used to make a protein
dna
- replication... > dna passes along instructions to next generat…
- enzymes... - protection... > antibodies... - structure... > cytoskeleto…
- dna... - rna
- made of sugar - deoxyribose ... - thymine is the nitrogenous b…
two main functions of dna
- replication... > dna passes along instructions to next generat…
why is making proteins so important
- enzymes... - protection... > antibodies... - structure... > cytoskeleto…
10 terms
Biology - DNA/Protein Synthesis
DNA is a double helix formed from two…
- To make copies of itself... - To make R…
DNA is the molecule that is used to st…
This is necessary for the two sides to…
DNA structure
DNA function
DNA vs. Chromosomes vs. Genes
Why do strands run in opposite direction? (Antiparallelism)
DNA is a double helix formed from two…
DNA structure
- To make copies of itself... - To make R…
DNA function
24 terms
ORHS Biology 2015 Protein Synthesis
RNA
MESSENGER RNA
TRANSFER RNA
RIBOSOMAL RNA
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
Carries copies of DNA's genetic material from the nucleus to…
Transfers and brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein…
RNA that is in the ribosome and guides the translation of mRN…
RNA
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
MESSENGER RNA
Carries copies of DNA's genetic material from the nucleus to…
38 terms
DNA/ Protein Synthesis Vocabulary - Biology
Anticodon
Autosome
Base pairing Rules
Codon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule binds to a comple…
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid
Anticodon
Set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule binds to a comple…
Autosome
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
26 terms
biology protein synthesis
polypeptides
rRNA
mRNA
tRNA
basic body structure of an organism is determined by a cluste…
(ribosomes) synthesizes proteins
messenger in nucleus ALLOWED TO LEAVE
transfers amino acids to mRNA, only 2 tRNA molecules in ribos…
polypeptides
basic body structure of an organism is determined by a cluste…
rRNA
(ribosomes) synthesizes proteins
39 terms
AP Biology | Protein Synthesis
Transcription
RNA Structure
Types of RNA
Template Strand
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
• mRNA... • tRNA ... • rRNA... • siRNA
Transcribed DNA strand; the strand of DNA that is temporarily…
Transcription
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
RNA Structure
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
15 terms
Biology 12: Protein synthesis
Gene
Central dogma of biology
transcription
mRNA
-The section of DNA that codes for one protein
-one gene codes for one type of protein which does one functi…
-the process of making mRNA by copying the genetic instructio…
-messenger RNA... -molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nu…
Gene
-The section of DNA that codes for one protein
Central dogma of biology
-one gene codes for one type of protein which does one functi…
27 terms
Biology RNA & Protein Synthesis
transcription
translation
mRNA
tRNA
the copying of DNA to mRNA
ribosomes reading mRNA to make proteins with the help of tRNA
copied DNA sequence that codes for a protein
RNA molecule that brings amino acids to the ribosome
transcription
the copying of DNA to mRNA
translation
ribosomes reading mRNA to make proteins with the help of tRNA
27 terms
AP biology Protein Synthesis
transcription
codons
initiation
elongation
this is the making of mRNA from DNA. messenger RNA (Ribo Nucl…
these base pairs of mRNA and are read it sets of 3
the stage of transcription where transcription is starting
the stage of transcription where laying down the mRNA nucleot…
transcription
this is the making of mRNA from DNA. messenger RNA (Ribo Nucl…
codons
these base pairs of mRNA and are read it sets of 3
17 terms
9th grade Biology Protein synthesis
RNA
The sugar in the nucleotide
Nitrogen bases for RNA
Protein synthesis
ribonucleic acid
ribosome
adenine, uracil, guanine, cytosine
the process of decoding DNA and making a protein
RNA
ribonucleic acid
The sugar in the nucleotide
ribosome
50 terms
Biology: Genetics/Protein Synthesis
zygote
uracil
tRNA
transcription
A fertilized egg
Nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in RNA.
transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the rib…
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
zygote
A fertilized egg
uracil
Nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in RNA.
16 terms
H. Biology - Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
Deoxyribose
Monomer of proteins
3 nitrogen bases on tRNA that complement the nitrogen bases o…
A group of 3 sequential nitrogen bases on an mRNA molecule
Sugar found in DNA
Amino Acid
Monomer of proteins
Anticodon
3 nitrogen bases on tRNA that complement the nitrogen bases o…
AP Biology DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
Helicase
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
The DNA polymerases are enzymes that create DNA molecules by…
Helicases are enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic…
Bacteriophage
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
61 terms
AP Biology DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
Helicase
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
The DNA polymerases are enzymes that create DNA molecules by…
Helicases are enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic…
Bacteriophage
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
DNA ligase
DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme (a ligase) that facil…
Biology Unit 7 - Protein Synthesis
Central dogma
Codon
mRNA (messenger RNA)
Mutation
thesis that information flows from DNA to RNA to protein
sequence of three nitrogen bases in DNA that codes for an ami…
coding strand of RNA that carries genetic information from th…
changes in DNA sequence
Central dogma
thesis that information flows from DNA to RNA to protein
Codon
sequence of three nitrogen bases in DNA that codes for an ami…
10 terms
Protein Synthesis Biology Review THS
An enzyme that is required for transcr…
process by which a section of DNA is u…
the process whereby genetic informatio…
Carries the genetic code for a protein…
RNA Polymerase
transcription
translation
mRNA
An enzyme that is required for transcr…
RNA Polymerase
process by which a section of DNA is u…
transcription
100 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis+Mutations
mRNA, rRNA, tRNA
copies DNA's code and carries it to ri…
makes up ribosomes
transfers amino acids to ribosomes whe…
name the types of RNA
What is the function of mRNA
what is the function of rRNA
what is the function of tRNA
mRNA, rRNA, tRNA
name the types of RNA
copies DNA's code and carries it to ri…
What is the function of mRNA
Biology 12 protein synthesis
Adenine
Anti-codons
central dogma
Codon
(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA
-the three bases on the tRNA that are complementary to the th…
DNA -> RNA -> Protein/ One gene, one protein, one function
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
Adenine
(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA
Anti-codons
-the three bases on the tRNA that are complementary to the th…
30 terms
KHS Biology Unit 7: Protein Synthesis
flow of genetic information
transcription
transcription picture
transcription location
DNA ---> mRNA ---> Protein
-first step in protein synthesis... -an mRNA copy of one strand…
in the nucleus, where the DNA is
flow of genetic information
DNA ---> mRNA ---> Protein
transcription
-first step in protein synthesis... -an mRNA copy of one strand…
67 terms
Biology; Protein Synthesis
central idea
What makes up a protein?
Define transcription
What molecule is involved in transcrip…
amino acids
The cell's machinery coping the gene sequence into messenger…
RNA
central idea
What makes up a protein?
amino acids
Honors Biology: Protein Synthesis
In transcription, ______ makes ______.
In translation, ______ makes _________.
what is a section of DNA called
what do genes contain
DNA, RNA
RNA makes protein
a gene
genetic info and recipes to make a protein
In transcription, ______ makes ______.
DNA, RNA
In translation, ______ makes _________.
RNA makes protein
Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Nucleus
Ribosome
DNA
Transcription
Part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for g…
Part of the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA…
Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose.
Process where an mRNA copy of one side of a DNA gene is made…
Nucleus
Part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for g…
Ribosome
Part of the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA…
Biology Lab 10: Protein Synthesis
Codon
Transcription
Translation
3 DNA composition
A 3 letter sequence
mRNA exits the nucleus through nuclear pores leaving DNA behind
mRNA reaches the cytoplasm and attaches to the ribosomes foun…
Sugar Deoxyribose, Phosphate, bases: adenine, thymine, guanin…
Codon
A 3 letter sequence
Transcription
mRNA exits the nucleus through nuclear pores leaving DNA behind
25 terms
Biology - DNA and Protein Synthesis
Nucleotides
Purine bases
RNA
DNA
Complex chemicals made up of an organic base, a sugar and pho…
Adenine and Guanine
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Nucleotides
Complex chemicals made up of an organic base, a sugar and pho…
Purine bases
Adenine and Guanine
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