Study sets matching "bio"

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Study sets matching "bio"

68 terms
biology
energy flow
autotroph
heterotroph
producer (autotroph)
starts with the sun... one-way flow of energy between organisms…
organism that makes its own food
organism that gets energy (food) from other organisms
solar energy is stored in plants as starch (glucose) through…
energy flow
starts with the sun... one-way flow of energy between organisms…
autotroph
organism that makes its own food
11 terms
Biology
Karyotype
Homologous pair of chromosomes
Autosomes vs Sex chromosomes
Somatic vs gametes
Shows all 46 chromosomes
Autosomal: ... •determine all characteristics but sex.... •homologo…
Somatic: ... •body cells (hair, skin, muscle)... •diploid (2n)... •Pro…
Karyotype
Shows all 46 chromosomes
Homologous pair of chromosomes
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
24 terms
Biology
Porifera Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
Cnidaria Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
Platyhelminthes Phylum (Kingdom Animal…
Nematoda Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
- Primitive, no tissues, organs, nerves.... - Intracellular DS…
- Tissues, nerve net, lack organs... - 2 germ layers... - Gastrovas…
- Organs, nerves cords... - 3 germ layers... - Cephalization... - Gast…
- Organs, dorsal/ventral nerve cords... - Pseudocoel (fake body…
Porifera Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
- Primitive, no tissues, organs, nerves.... - Intracellular DS…
Cnidaria Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
- Tissues, nerve net, lack organs... - 2 germ layers... - Gastrovas…
16 terms
Biology
Infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
an illness that can pass from person to person
an infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
a germ
a type of germ that is not living
Infectious disease
an illness that can pass from person to person
plague
an infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
32 terms
Biology
Environment
Ecology
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Everything, living and never-living, that affects an organism.
The study of the interactions between organisms and their env…
Living parts of the environment such as... plants and animals.
Never-living parts of the environment such as climate, soil,…
Environment
Everything, living and never-living, that affects an organism.
Ecology
The study of the interactions between organisms and their env…
12 terms
Biology
niche
tolerance
habitat
competitive exclusion principle
full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circums…
area where an organisms lives, including the biotic and abiot…
principle that states that no two species can occupy the same…
niche
full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
tolerance
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circums…
Biology
The six most common elements:
5 Macromolecules
Carbohydrates
Proteins
C - Carbon... H - Hydrogen... N - Nitrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Phosphoro…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic, Acids
Glucose (monosaccharides)... Carbon rings (hexagons) ... * Short te…
Amino acids... Long, folded chains of amino acids ... * Speed up ch…
The six most common elements:
C - Carbon... H - Hydrogen... N - Nitrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Phosphoro…
5 Macromolecules
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic, Acids
Biology
Mosses cannot grow very tall due to th…
A decrease in the amount of carbon dio…
Greogor Mendel indentified "factors" t…
The first vertebrates to live on land…
specialized vascular tissue
a decrease in the output of the Calvin cycle.
alleles
lay hard-shelled eggs on four limbs.
Mosses cannot grow very tall due to th…
specialized vascular tissue
A decrease in the amount of carbon dio…
a decrease in the output of the Calvin cycle.
Biology
mouth
esophagus
liver
large intestine
where the digestive tract begins
tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach
stores energy and helps get rid of toxins
food waste goes through large intestine before it is passed f…
mouth
where the digestive tract begins
esophagus
tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
Krebs Cycle
Glycolysis
Makes pyruvic acids
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
91 terms
Biology
Spontaneous generation
Biogenesis
Louis Pasteur
Cell theory
-The theory that living things emerge from nonliving or inani…
-Living organisms reproduce to produce other living organisms
-A French chemist, this man discovered that heat could kill b…
-a scientific theory which describes the properties of cells.…
Spontaneous generation
-The theory that living things emerge from nonliving or inani…
Biogenesis
-Living organisms reproduce to produce other living organisms
Biology
calorie
digestion
enzyme
liver
the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
the process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic…
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
a large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates,…
calorie
the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
digestion
the process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic…
87 terms
biology
commensalism
describe how communities change over t…
aphotic
climate
One is benefited othe isn't affected
Ecological succession- an existing community is replaced by a…
Light can not get through the water ... More pressure ... Less pro…
the weather
commensalism
One is benefited othe isn't affected
describe how communities change over t…
Ecological succession- an existing community is replaced by a…
60 terms
Biology
The teeth of cartilaginous fishes form…
Jaws
cyclostome
The same genes are expressed in the ma…
progressively more complex vertebrae are another gnathostome…
Thus it has been proposed that the common ancestor of living…
Clade of living jawless vertebrates that consists of the hagf…
Jon Mallatt has proposed a novel explanation of the origin of…
The teeth of cartilaginous fishes form…
progressively more complex vertebrae are another gnathostome…
Jaws
Thus it has been proposed that the common ancestor of living…
48 terms
Biology
Chemistry
Atom
Ion
Carbohydrate
the study of composition, structure, properties and change of…
Basic building block of matter
Charged molecule... Unequal amount of protons and electrons
An organic compound used to structurally support organisms an…
Chemistry
the study of composition, structure, properties and change of…
Atom
Basic building block of matter
biology
golgi body
lysosomes
nucleous
cytoskeleton
modifies, sorts, and packages proteins
digests worn out organelles or food particles
controls all cell processes and contains dna in the form of c…
organelles composed of micro tubes, intermediate filaments,…
golgi body
modifies, sorts, and packages proteins
lysosomes
digests worn out organelles or food particles
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Carbohydrate
Protein
The movement of molecules from higher to lower concentration…
The diffusion of water through the membrane ... Ex : egg in vine…
Plants structure , carbs , Quick energy ... Ex : pasta , Hersey
Muscles , enzymes , speeds up reactions while decreasing the…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from higher to lower concentration…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water through the membrane ... Ex : egg in vine…
24 terms
biology
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
rough endoplasmic reticulum
centrioles
chloroplasts
contains enzymes that perform specialized tasks, including th…
abundant in cells that produce large amounts of protein for e…
are located near the nucleus and help to organize cell division
organelles that capture the energy from sunlight and convert…
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
contains enzymes that perform specialized tasks, including th…
rough endoplasmic reticulum
abundant in cells that produce large amounts of protein for e…
90 terms
Biology
Active Site
Active transport
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Place on enzyme where chemical reaction happen
cell uses energy to move atoms/molecules from low to high con…
getting energy from glucose by adding O2 (mitochondria)
getting energy from glucose without adding O2 (bacteria, some…
Active Site
Place on enzyme where chemical reaction happen
Active transport
cell uses energy to move atoms/molecules from low to high con…
Biology
Mouth
Gullet
Stomach
Small intestine
--1-- Food is chewed and mixed with saliva. Teeth help to bre…
--2-- Food passes down this tube
--3-- Food is mixed with digestive juices and acids.
--4-- Digestive juices from the liver and pancreas are added…
Mouth
--1-- Food is chewed and mixed with saliva. Teeth help to bre…
Gullet
--2-- Food passes down this tube
13 terms
Biology
adenine
anti-parallel
chromosomes
cytosine
DNA base; always bonds with tymine
in DNA, the information of the two complimentary strands is a…
the structure in the cell nucleus that contains plans for the…
DNA base; always bonds with guanine
adenine
DNA base; always bonds with tymine
anti-parallel
in DNA, the information of the two complimentary strands is a…
41 terms
Biology
histones
Mitochondrial matrix
apoptosis
autolysis
DNA is woven around these
where TCA occurs
programmed cell death. usually by peroxisomes or lysing of mi…
release of enzymes from lysosomes that cause apoptosis
histones
DNA is woven around these
Mitochondrial matrix
where TCA occurs
10 terms
Biology
Product
Reactant
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
The result of a chemical reaction
The substance that starts a chemical reaction
It is the chemical reaction that absorbs energy
It is the chemical reaction that releases energy as heat
Product
The result of a chemical reaction
Reactant
The substance that starts a chemical reaction
Biology
Cell Membrane
Semi - permeable
Homeostasis
Fluid Mosaic Model
The flexible barrier around the cell that controls the moveme…
The ability for some molecules to move across a membrane but…
The regulation of an organisms internal environment to mainta…
A representation of the plasma with its components constantly…
Cell Membrane
The flexible barrier around the cell that controls the moveme…
Semi - permeable
The ability for some molecules to move across a membrane but…
43 terms
Biology
anterior
Anus
Caecum
cerebellum
The front of the body
the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which…
a pouch connected to the junction of the small and large inte…
the part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates…
anterior
The front of the body
Anus
the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which…
Biology
Experimental Control
Control Group
Homeostasis
Independent Variables
In a controlled experiment, the group receiving the factor is…
In a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
Regulation of an organism's internal environment to maintain…
The one factor that can be changed in an controlled experimen…
Experimental Control
In a controlled experiment, the group receiving the factor is…
Control Group
In a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
Biology
Growth
Metabolism
Digestion
Synthesis
An increase in living mass
Synthesis + Digestion + Respiration
Process by which living things break down food into simpler m…
Processes by which living things combines simple substances t…
Growth
An increase in living mass
Metabolism
Synthesis + Digestion + Respiration
biology
Golgi apparatus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Organelles
packages proteins from the ER and materials and sends them to…
network or tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell…
network of tubular membanes within the cytoplasm of the cell…
tiny structures within the cell that carry out specific funct…
Golgi apparatus
packages proteins from the ER and materials and sends them to…
Smooth ER
network or tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell…
314 terms
Biology
Mitosis
Acrocentric
Anaphase
Aster
...
one chromosomal arm is significantly longer than another
sister chromatids are seperated and move to the poles of the…
An aster is a cellular structure shaped like a star, formed a…
Mitosis
...
Acrocentric
one chromosomal arm is significantly longer than another
Biology
Pathophysiology
Learning about pathophysiology allows…
Blood
Hematocrit
changes in physiology associated with disease (genetic mutati…
• Understand disease mechanisms ... • Understand body's response…
* A connective tissue... * A complex fluid... * Composition- cell…
% volume of blood occupied by RBC
Pathophysiology
changes in physiology associated with disease (genetic mutati…
Learning about pathophysiology allows…
• Understand disease mechanisms ... • Understand body's response…
26 terms
Biology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Photosynthesis
The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert e…
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energ…
The sum total of all processes in an organism which break dow…
The process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Metabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert e…
Anabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energ…
11 terms
Biology
Torment
Isolate
Leisure
Measles
Extreme physical or mental plan
To put or keep someone or something in a place separate from…
Enjoyable activities that you do when you are not working
A disease that causes a fever and red spots on your skin
Torment
Extreme physical or mental plan
Isolate
To put or keep someone or something in a place separate from…
Biology
Abiotic
Biotic
Carrying Capacity
Competition
Non-living
Describes living factors in the environment.
The largest population that an area can support
A common demand by two or more organisms upon a limited suppl…
Abiotic
Non-living
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
30 terms
Biology
matter
mass
elements
nucleus
anything that occupies space and has mass
the quantity of matter an object has
pure substances that cannot be broken down chemically into si…
the chemical core
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
mass
the quantity of matter an object has
BIOLOGY
CELL CYCLE
CHROMOSOME
CENTROMERE
TELOPHASE
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in 3 main cycles:…
DNA- containing structure that carries genetic material from…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
After the chromosome seperates, the cell seals off, Final Pha…
CELL CYCLE
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in 3 main cycles:…
CHROMOSOME
DNA- containing structure that carries genetic material from…
27 terms
Biology
analyze
control
hibernating
rigid
to examine in detail
to check or regulate (a scientific experiment), as by carryin…
to spend the winter in an inactive state resembling deep sleep
stiff; not flexible
analyze
to examine in detail
control
to check or regulate (a scientific experiment), as by carryin…
23 terms
Biology
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Isotope
the central and most important part of an object ,movement,or…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Nucleus
the central and most important part of an object ,movement,or…
Electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
170 terms
Biology
hypothesis
variables
independent variable
dependent variable
an educated guess or prediction; usually in "if...then" form
factors that are measured in an experiment
variable that is purposefully changed in an experiment
the variable that changes are a result of the experiment
hypothesis
an educated guess or prediction; usually in "if...then" form
variables
factors that are measured in an experiment
9 terms
biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
18 terms
Biology
glycogen
lipids
Macromolecules
triglyceride
An extensively branched glucose storage polysaccharide found…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids.
glycogen
An extensively branched glucose storage polysaccharide found…
lipids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
12 terms
Biology
Ecological succession
Primary Succession
Secondary Succession
Ecology
a process of change in the species that make up a community
is the establishment and development of an ecosystem in an ar…
is the reestablishment of a damaged ecosystem
study of the interactions among all living things
Ecological succession
a process of change in the species that make up a community
Primary Succession
is the establishment and development of an ecosystem in an ar…
20 terms
biology
biology
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
dichotomous keys
study of living organisms
a scheme of classification among organisms
system that gives a certain species a specific name using gen…
identification guide for organisms based off a number of choi…
biology
study of living organisms
taxonomy
a scheme of classification among organisms
15 terms
Biology
Biosphere
Biome
Species
Population
The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
A group of ecosystems that have similar climates and organisms.
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals.
An assemblage of individuals that belong to the same species…
Biosphere
The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that have similar climates and organisms.
biology
prokaryote
eukaryote
unicellular
multicellular
dont have a membrane bound nucleus
have nucleus
made up of one cell
made of more than one cell
prokaryote
dont have a membrane bound nucleus
eukaryote
have nucleus
Biology
homo
hetero
homoxygous dominant
homozygousm recessive
same/the genotype letters are identical; RR or rr
different/the genotype letters are different sizes: Rr
PP
aa
homo
same/the genotype letters are identical; RR or rr
hetero
different/the genotype letters are different sizes: Rr
Biology
Requires no energy and Follows Concent…
-Requires energy... -Goes against Concent…
Transport of anything not water (High…
Transport of water (High to low)
Describe Passive Transport
Describe Active Transport
What is Diffusion?
What is Osmosis?
Requires no energy and Follows Concent…
Describe Passive Transport
-Requires energy... -Goes against Concent…
Describe Active Transport
biology
nucleus
cytoplasm
mitochondria
endoplasmic reticulum
the central and most important part of an object
the material or protoplasm within a living cell
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a euk…
nucleus
the central and most important part of an object
cytoplasm
the material or protoplasm within a living cell
17 terms
Biology
Binary fission
Chromosome
Mitosis
Interphase
fission into two organisms approximately equal in size.
any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of chromatin, th…
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by…
the period of the cell cycle during which the nucleus is not…
Binary fission
fission into two organisms approximately equal in size.
Chromosome
any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of chromatin, th…
35 terms
Biology
Steps of Scientific Method
Total Magnification
Organic Molecules (Example)
Inorganic Molecules (Example)
Question, Research, Hypothesis, Experiment, Analyze
Ocular lens x Objective lens = total magnification
A Single Molecule; Monomers and Polymers of Macromolecules (C…
Composed of other Elements; Water (H2O), Carbon Dioxide (CO2)…
Steps of Scientific Method
Question, Research, Hypothesis, Experiment, Analyze
Total Magnification
Ocular lens x Objective lens = total magnification
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