Study sets matching "bio107"

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Study sets matching "bio107"

Biology 107
Organism
Structural Organization of life
Cell
Atom
Individual living thing. May be a cell.
Atom, Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ or Organ Syste…
Smallest living unit.
Smallest chemical unit of an atom.
Organism
Individual living thing. May be a cell.
Structural Organization of life
Atom, Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ or Organ Syste…
35 terms
Biology 107
Archae
Halophiles
Thermophiles
Cryophiles
"the extremists"... means the beginning
means salt & lovers = "salt lovers"... -high slat concentration…
means heat & lovers... >230 degrees... -geysers... -sea vents
means cold & lovers... -glaciers
Archae
"the extremists"... means the beginning
Halophiles
means salt & lovers = "salt lovers"... -high slat concentration…
136 terms
Biology 107 Practical 2
Phylum Porifera
Phylum Cnidarian
Phylum Ctenophore
Phylum Platyhelminthes
sponges... asymmetrical/radial... marine... sessile as adults, mobile…
jelly fish, anemonies, hydra, corals... radial symmetry... diplobla…
comb jellies... radial... diploblastic... marine... 8 plates of fused cil…
Flatworms... acoelomate... triploblastic... gastrovascular cavity... fres…
Phylum Porifera
sponges... asymmetrical/radial... marine... sessile as adults, mobile…
Phylum Cnidarian
jelly fish, anemonies, hydra, corals... radial symmetry... diplobla…
30 terms
Biology 107
Cell Cycle
Cilia and Flagella
Mitochondrion
Golgi Apparatus
G1: Growth... S: DNA Replication... G2: Final Prep for division... M:…
Function: Movement of cells and substances.... Composition: cell…
Where cellular respiration occur and most ATP is generated.... C…
Active in synthesis.... Modification sorting and secretion of ce…
Cell Cycle
G1: Growth... S: DNA Replication... G2: Final Prep for division... M:…
Cilia and Flagella
Function: Movement of cells and substances.... Composition: cell…
Biology 107
Which Atoms are in Carbohydrates?
Which the ratio of Atoms in Carbohydra…
What has the presence of an OH- Group?
What are Monosaccharides?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Cn H2n On
Hydroxyl Group
Monomers of Carbs
Which Atoms are in Carbohydrates?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Which the ratio of Atoms in Carbohydra…
Cn H2n On
120 terms
Biology 107
Special properties of water
What are hydrophobic molecules?
What are hydrophillic molecules?
What is cohesion?
Adhesive, cohesive, can absorb large amounts of energy, dense…
Uncharged nonpolar atoms . No affinity for water. Do not diss…
Ions or polar covalent atoms. Love water
Binding to itself or binding between like molecules
Special properties of water
Adhesive, cohesive, can absorb large amounts of energy, dense…
What are hydrophobic molecules?
Uncharged nonpolar atoms . No affinity for water. Do not diss…
68 terms
Biology 107
Algae
Allele
Alternation of Generation
Anaphase I
Small or single celled aquatic plant life form with a life cy…
A copy of a gene residing on one chromosome.... The DNA sequence
A life cycle adopted by plants and some algae in which a mult…
Homologous chromosomes, each made up of two chromatids, are s…
Algae
Small or single celled aquatic plant life form with a life cy…
Allele
A copy of a gene residing on one chromosome.... The DNA sequence
Biology 107 Chapter 17
Species
Speciation
Reproductive Isolating Mechanism
Prezygotic Isolation
• Population or group of populations that are genetically sep…
splitting of one species into 2 or more species
Any structural, behavioral, or functional characteristic that…
prevent reproductive attempts or successful fertilization
Species
• Population or group of populations that are genetically sep…
Speciation
splitting of one species into 2 or more species
106 terms
Biology 107
How is Chemiosmosis powered?
What PH is the lumen? (Thylakoid space)
Describe the functions of the Fo and F…
Where is ATP made in Chemiosmosis?
Couples energy released by the H+ facilitated diffusion
Approximately 5
Fo stalk- H+ channel that allows H+ through acting like a tur…
Made in the stroma
How is Chemiosmosis powered?
Couples energy released by the H+ facilitated diffusion
What PH is the lumen? (Thylakoid space)
Approximately 5
42 terms
Biology 107, Quiz 1
Paleontology
Paleoecology
Systematics
Evolutionary biology
dealing with fossils and chronology
dealing with past environments
dealing with molecular biology and morphological evolution
change through time, Macroevolution and microevolution
Paleontology
dealing with fossils and chronology
Paleoecology
dealing with past environments
38 terms
Biology 107 Quiz 2
Morphology
Genes
Problems to resolve with morphological…
Incorporation of Developmental Patterns
Branch of Biology dealing with the form and structure of orga…
basic unit of heredity: segment of DNA
1. even when you have an out group, its hard to figure out th…
1. Complex characters are likely to have complex developmenta…
Morphology
Branch of Biology dealing with the form and structure of orga…
Genes
basic unit of heredity: segment of DNA
47 terms
Biology 107
The Clean Air Act
The Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Contro…
The Air Quality Act
Clean Air Act Amendment 1970
1963, Regulated pollutant emissions from stationary sources.…
1965, Extended authority to mobile sources of pollutants such…
continuation of 63' and 65'. HEW secretary to seek immediate…
Required that National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)…
The Clean Air Act
1963, Regulated pollutant emissions from stationary sources.…
The Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Contro…
1965, Extended authority to mobile sources of pollutants such…
Biology 107
Biologia
Que permite la investigación cientifica?
Características de la vida:
Moleculas
estudio de la vida.
Permite descubrir y relacionar proceso que no estaban relacio…
1. Tiene celular y organización.... 2. Uso de energia y metaboli…
Dos o mas atomos unidos una al otro transformando sus caracte…
Biologia
estudio de la vida.
Que permite la investigación cientifica?
Permite descubrir y relacionar proceso que no estaban relacio…
174 terms
WSU Biology 107 Exam One
Properties of water: (4 key points)
Water forms ______ bonds.
Cohesive:
Adhesion:
(1) cohesive (adhesion/ surface tension)... (2) moderates temper…
Hydrogen
Sticks to itself
Stick to other materials ( H2O flowing up a tree)
Properties of water: (4 key points)
(1) cohesive (adhesion/ surface tension)... (2) moderates temper…
Water forms ______ bonds.
Hydrogen
121 terms
Biology 107
1. Organized... 2. Metabolism... 3. Respond…
1. Geological Age/ Fossil Record... 2. Ph…
Fungi
protists
Characteristics of living organisms
Criteria to Classify Living Things
one of kingdoms, euk, mushrooms
one of kingdoms, before nucleus
1. Organized... 2. Metabolism... 3. Respond…
Characteristics of living organisms
1. Geological Age/ Fossil Record... 2. Ph…
Criteria to Classify Living Things
19 terms
Biology 107 Practical II
Heterotrophic
Phylum Porifera
Cnidaria
Platyhelminthes
Organisms where food consists of organic molecules made by ot…
No true tissues, asymmetrical, intracellular digestion, absen…
Two tissue layers, radial symmetry, GV cavity, absent coelom,…
Three tissue layers, bilateral symmetry, GV cavity, protostom…
Heterotrophic
Organisms where food consists of organic molecules made by ot…
Phylum Porifera
No true tissues, asymmetrical, intracellular digestion, absen…
45 terms
biology 107
sequence of the four major groups of p…
cuticle
Stomata
Phloem
bryophytes, seedless vascular plants, gymnosperms, angiosperms
a waxy layer on surface of leaves and stems that prevents dry…
tiny pores on the leaf surface which allow exchange of oxygen…
Vessels that conduct sugars from leaves to other parts of the…
sequence of the four major groups of p…
bryophytes, seedless vascular plants, gymnosperms, angiosperms
cuticle
a waxy layer on surface of leaves and stems that prevents dry…
156 terms
Biology 107 - Exam 3
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
Nucleotides
Codons
DNA replication
- Determines how organisms look and function (has a cell, nuc…
- Structural components or building block of DNA and RNA... - Co…
- The "words" of this code are sets of 3 nucleotides ... - Each…
The 2 DNA strands separate. Each strand then becomes a templa…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
- Determines how organisms look and function (has a cell, nuc…
Nucleotides
- Structural components or building block of DNA and RNA... - Co…
38 terms
Biology 107
Biology
True or False. All living organisms (p…
What are the common properties of life…
What is life's hierarchy of organizati…
the study of life
True
order, reproduction, energy processing (metabolism; obtaining…
atom -> molecule -> organelle -> cell -> organ -> organ syste…
Biology
the study of life
True or False. All living organisms (p…
True
135 terms
Biology 107
The scientific method
What is a controlled experiment?
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
1. Observe and formulate question ... 2. Form a hypothesis: a po…
One or more variables are being manipulated and tested.
FACTOR being controlled.
RESPONSE that is being tested.
The scientific method
1. Observe and formulate question ... 2. Form a hypothesis: a po…
What is a controlled experiment?
One or more variables are being manipulated and tested.
Biology 107 Exam 1
nucleotide structure
nitrogenous bases
pyrimidines
purines
-nitrogenous base... -sugar... -phosphate group
-pyrimidine... -purines
-cytosine... -thymine... -uracil
-adenine... -guanine
nucleotide structure
-nitrogenous base... -sugar... -phosphate group
nitrogenous bases
-pyrimidine... -purines
45 terms
Biology 107 Exam 1
Electron Orbitals
Electron Shells
Valence Shell
Atomic number
region where an electron is found at least 90% of the time
Orbitals occur in a series
Outermost electron shell... determines how atom behaves... (unpaire…
# of protons
Electron Orbitals
region where an electron is found at least 90% of the time
Electron Shells
Orbitals occur in a series
31 terms
Biology 107
Who discovered DNA?
What are Chargaff's Rules
Is RNA one stranded or two stranded
Is DNA one stranded or two stranded
Watson and Crick
Amount of each base in DNA is not equal
Single Stranded
Two stranded
Who discovered DNA?
Watson and Crick
What are Chargaff's Rules
Amount of each base in DNA is not equal
34 terms
Biology 107
The nervous system
2 primary sections of nervous system
Central n.s
Peripheral n.s
coordinates and regulates the functioning of the bodies other…
Central N.S (CNS), Peripheral N.S (PNS)
-Brain/ Spinal cord... -receives, processes, transfers information
-nerves outside cns... -carries information toward cns (sensory…
The nervous system
coordinates and regulates the functioning of the bodies other…
2 primary sections of nervous system
Central N.S (CNS), Peripheral N.S (PNS)
62 terms
Biology 107 Topic 11
Heredity
Gene
Chromosome
Bacteriophage
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next
-Unit of hereditary information... -A discrete unit of hereditar…
A structure in cells that is a combination of DNA and protein
-A virus that infects bacteria... -Takes over bacterial cell and…
Heredity
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Gene
-Unit of hereditary information... -A discrete unit of hereditar…
122 terms
Biology 107
1. Organized... 2. Metabolism... 3. Respond…
1. Geological Age/ Fossil Record... 2. Ph…
Fungi
protists
Characteristics of living organisms
Criteria to Classify Living Things
one of kingdoms, euk, mushrooms
one of kingdoms, before nucleus
1. Organized... 2. Metabolism... 3. Respond…
Characteristics of living organisms
1. Geological Age/ Fossil Record... 2. Ph…
Criteria to Classify Living Things
91 terms
Biology 107 Topic 3
Major Elements Essential to Life
4 Classes of Biological Macromolecules
Organic Molecules
Biological Macromolecules Include...
CHONPS... Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen... Phosphorus... Sulfur
Protein... Carbohydrates... Nucleic Acid... Lipids
-Composed of Carbon and Hydrogen atoms... -Linked by covalent bo…
Oxygen... Nitrogen... SOMETIMES: phosphorus and sulfur
Major Elements Essential to Life
CHONPS... Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen... Phosphorus... Sulfur
4 Classes of Biological Macromolecules
Protein... Carbohydrates... Nucleic Acid... Lipids
Biology 107.2
Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics: Energy Transformation
Capacity to do work or cause change. Work is a force acting o…
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, only transformed int…
Every energy transfer increases the entropy of the universe.…
Energy can be converted from one form to another: Kinetic ene…
Energy
Capacity to do work or cause change. Work is a force acting o…
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, only transformed int…
Biology 107
Chordate
Craniate
Vertabrate
Tetrapod
Animals with a notochord (nerve down its back) and gill slits.
Animals with a skull - Hagfish and Lampreys
Animals with a backbone -
Animals with four feet
Chordate
Animals with a notochord (nerve down its back) and gill slits.
Craniate
Animals with a skull - Hagfish and Lampreys
89 terms
Biology 107
Photosynthesis... .
Autotrophs-carry out photosynthesis to…
Heterotrophs
Light capturing(dependent) reactions
The complex biological process that converts the energy of li…
-carry out photosynthesis to build glucose break down this gl…
obtain nutrients from other organisms feed directly or indire…
Photosynthesis the process that captures light energy from th…
Photosynthesis... .
The complex biological process that converts the energy of li…
Autotrophs-carry out photosynthesis to…
-carry out photosynthesis to build glucose break down this gl…
Biology 107 Test 2
Fluid
Mosaic
Main Components of the Membrane Struct…
Membrane fluidity affects...
phospholipids move about within membrane
contains a variety of proteins & other molecules
Phospholipids, Cholesterol, Membrane proteins
permeability & hence cell's viability.
Fluid
phospholipids move about within membrane
Mosaic
contains a variety of proteins & other molecules
101 terms
Biology 107
Biology
Life's Organization
From Atom to Life
Cells
the study of life, past & present
atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, multicellu…
fundamental building blocks of all matter ... -all living and no…
-smallest unit of life... -live and reproduce... -on their own (uni…
Biology
the study of life, past & present
Life's Organization
atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, multicellu…
114 terms
Biology 107
Monomer
Polymer
Peptide
Protein
mono-one, mer-unit :single building block of a macromolecule
poly-multiple: chain of monomers composed of similar/identica…
...compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a…
...polymers of the monomer, amino acid, are involved in every…
Monomer
mono-one, mer-unit :single building block of a macromolecule
Polymer
poly-multiple: chain of monomers composed of similar/identica…
25 terms
Biology 107 midterm 3
metabolism
catabolic reaction
anabolic reaction
photosynthesis
all of the chemical reaction taking place within a cell/organ…
break down complex molecules to release energy
those that consume energy to build complex molecules
endergonic reaction
metabolism
all of the chemical reaction taking place within a cell/organ…
catabolic reaction
break down complex molecules to release energy
biology 107 - Test 2
Prokaryotic
Prokaryotic
bacteria
unicell
Is archea prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
is bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
what is another word to prokaryotic
are prokaryotes unicellular or multi.
Prokaryotic
Is archea prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
Prokaryotic
is bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
Biology 107 : Chapter 28
Colonial Flagellate Hypothesis:
Symmetry
Unicellular organization
Colonies
animal evolved from an ancestor that resembled a colony of fl…
how parts of animals are arranged among central axis
must provide for all functions in one cell (complex)
cellular aggregates with loose association of cells with some…
Colonial Flagellate Hypothesis:
animal evolved from an ancestor that resembled a colony of fl…
Symmetry
how parts of animals are arranged among central axis
64 terms
Biology 107 Topic Notes
What are cells made up of
Proteins in cells
Organic molecules
Classification of living things
Cells contain a variety of components, including water, prote…
Proteins appear in every part of cells and help with all cell…
The presence of nitrogen, oxygen, and other atoms adds variet…
All living organisms are classified into groups based on very…
What are cells made up of
Cells contain a variety of components, including water, prote…
Proteins in cells
Proteins appear in every part of cells and help with all cell…
58 terms
Biology 107 test 3
What is the definition of genome?
How many chromosomes do gametes have i…
how many chromosomes do somatic cells…
What are somatic cells?
The complete set of an organism's genetic material
23
46
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
What is the definition of genome?
The complete set of an organism's genetic material
How many chromosomes do gametes have i…
23
47 terms
Biology 107 Exam 1
zoology
vertebrae
invertebrate
Hierarchy of Organization
the study of animals
animals that have a backbone
animals that do not have a backbone
organization is the characteristic of life ... biological organi…
zoology
the study of animals
vertebrae
animals that have a backbone
143 terms
Biology 107 exam 2
Prokaryotic Cells
Nucloid
Plasmids
Ribosome
Contain:... Cell wall... Cytoplasm... Nucloid ... No nucleus... Ribosomes ar…
Organizes the DNA, contains Chromosomes, only 1 per cell, con…
DNA smaller than chromosome, non essenital for survival of ce…
Are ribozymes that synthize proteins
Prokaryotic Cells
Contain:... Cell wall... Cytoplasm... Nucloid ... No nucleus... Ribosomes ar…
Nucloid
Organizes the DNA, contains Chromosomes, only 1 per cell, con…
28 terms
Biology 107 Lab quiz Review
What does the pH scale measure? What m…
What is the importance of enzymes in l…
What is the optimum pH of an enzyme?…
What is the important temperature of a…
-The pH scale measures the concentration of H+ ions (or acidi…
-Enzymes speed up reaction... -Enzymes are required for your bod…
-Enzymes are typically active in a pH range of 5 through 9 th…
-35 degrees Celsius, is the hottest that enzyme can function…
What does the pH scale measure? What m…
-The pH scale measures the concentration of H+ ions (or acidi…
What is the importance of enzymes in l…
-Enzymes speed up reaction... -Enzymes are required for your bod…
58 terms
Biology 107 Exam 2 WSU
Some bacteria can survive for very lon…
Which of the following structures woul…
Which of the following would NOT allow…
A bacteria with the name Rhodococcus i…
Endospores
Lipopoplysaccharide (gram negative ONLY)
Nucleoid
Spherical
Some bacteria can survive for very lon…
Endospores
Which of the following structures woul…
Lipopoplysaccharide (gram negative ONLY)
91 terms
Biology 107 test 2
meiosis
gametes
zygote
diploid (2n)
type of nuclear division that reduces the chromosome number f…
reproductive cells usually have the haploid number of chromos…
during sex, haploid gametes which are produced during meiosis…
2 sets; seen in somatic cell of animals
meiosis
type of nuclear division that reduces the chromosome number f…
gametes
reproductive cells usually have the haploid number of chromos…
110 terms
WSU BIOLOGY 107 Pre Exam Quiz 1
Using Chargaff's rules, if the percent…
A scientist obtained the mRNA from the…
Which of the following would not be fo…
If the transforming substance would ha…
30%
The cancer cell has a mutation in the 3'-UTR that blocks the…
Terminator sequence
protease
Using Chargaff's rules, if the percent…
30%
A scientist obtained the mRNA from the…
The cancer cell has a mutation in the 3'-UTR that blocks the…
81 terms
Biology 107 lab
Pure culture
Colony
Medium
Lawn
Isolated group of genetically identical cells
Cells divide multiple times to produce a small mass of geneti…
A solutio or solid that contains nutrients cells can use to g…
A dense even layer of bacteria on a plate
Pure culture
Isolated group of genetically identical cells
Colony
Cells divide multiple times to produce a small mass of geneti…
BIOLOGY 107 Chapter 1
Stimuli
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical Level
Change in the chemical, physical, or physocological environme…
The science of structure and the relationships among structure
The science of body functions that is how the body parts work
includes atoms and molecules.
Stimuli
Change in the chemical, physical, or physocological environme…
Anatomy
The science of structure and the relationships among structure
39 terms
Biology 107 Exam 1
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Study of living things too small to be seen with the unaided…
Dominant form of life on Earth in numbers, biomass and effects
Bacteria cells. First cells on earth. No nucleus or membrane…
Cells that have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Microbiology
Study of living things too small to be seen with the unaided…
Microorganisms
Dominant form of life on Earth in numbers, biomass and effects
Biology 107 Chapter 4
Cell structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cell Size
Why are cells so small?
I. What are cells?
-Smallest unit of structure and function ... -all organisms are…
-most are microscopic ... -sizes range from a nerve cell (3-4 ft…
nuclear control and surface area to volume ratio
Cell structure and Function
I. What are cells?
Cell Theory
-Smallest unit of structure and function ... -all organisms are…
Biology 107-Unit 3
Omnis Cellula e Cellula
Summary of major event-mitosis
Cell division in Prokaryotes
Cell division in Eukaryotes
"Every cell from a cell"
1 parent cell->2 daughter cells... Parent cell receives signal…
One circular chromosome... Plasmids-small DNA fragments... Divide…
Linear chromosomes... Do not divide constantly... Begins with nuc…
Omnis Cellula e Cellula
"Every cell from a cell"
Summary of major event-mitosis
1 parent cell->2 daughter cells... Parent cell receives signal…
66 terms
WSU Biology 107 Test 1
Features of DNA
5' end, 3' end features
Monomers of DNA/RNA
Nucleotide
right handed double helix, antiparallel, sugar phosphate back…
5' guanine cap, 3' poly A tail
nucleotides
Nitrogenous base, phosphate group, sugar
Features of DNA
right handed double helix, antiparallel, sugar phosphate back…
5' end, 3' end features
5' guanine cap, 3' poly A tail
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